New France was governed by three rulers: the governor, the bishop and the intendant, all appointed by the King, and sent from France. The intendant was responsible for finance, economic development, and the administration of justice (law and order). He also presided over the Sovereign Council of New France (French: Conseil souverain). Because of his extensive powers, there were often disputes over jurisdiction between the governor and the intendant.
The first intendant of New France was Jean Talon, appointed in 1665 when the colony became a royal province of France. It was Talon who took the first census of the colony in 1666. Talon also established many industries in New France, including shipbuilding.
|Jean Talon||1665–1668||Louis XIV|
|Claude de Boutroue d'Aubigny||1668–1670|
|Jacques Duchesneau de la Doussinière et d'Ambault||1675–1682|
|Jacques de Meulles||1682–1686|
|Jean Bochart de Champigny, sieur de Noroy de Verneuil||1686–1702|
|François de Beauharnois de la Chaussaye, Baron de Beauville||1702–1705|
|Jacques Raudot co-intendant||1705–1711|
|Antoine-Denis Raudot co-intendant||1705–1710|
|Michel Bégon de la Picardière||1712–1726||Louis XV|