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InterCity 225
National Express East Coast Class 91 91111 at London King's Cross railway station.
Power type electric
Builder BREL, GEC-Alsthom
Build date 1988—1991 [1]
Total production 31 nine-carriage units [2]
UIC classification Bo'Bo'+2'2'+...+2'2'+2'2'
Top speed 140 mph (225 km/h) (Design)
125 mph (200 km/h) (Service)
Power output 6,300 HP
Career British Rail, GNER, National Express East Coast, East Coast
Disposition still in service
InterCity 225 set in original InterCity livery
A refurbished First Class carriage.

The InterCity 225 is the fastest locomotive-hauled domestic train in the United Kingdom, comprising a Class 91 electric locomotive, nine Mark 4 coaches and a Driving Van Trailer. The Class 91 locomotives were built by BREL at Crewe works as a spin-off from the Advanced Passenger Train project, which was abandoned during the 1980s, whilst the coaching stock was built by GEC-Alstom in Birmingham — again borrowing heavily from the Advanced Passenger Train.


Service history

The InterCity 225 entered service with British Rail on the East Coast Main Line in 1990. The units also operate on a small section of the West Coast Main Line between Glasgow and Carstairs. In 1996, as part of the privatisation of British Rail, all InterCity 225s were sold to HSBC Rail, which currently leases them to the government owned East Coast.

The InterCity 225 has a theoretical top service speed of 140 mph (225 km/h); during a test run on Stoke Bank between Peterborough and Grantham an Intercity 225 reached 162.6 mph (261.7 km/h). However, except on High Speed 1, which is equipped with cab signalling, British signalling does not normally allow trains to exceed 125 mph (201 km/h), due to the impracticality of observing lineside signals at high speed. The Advanced Passenger Train of the early 1980s used a new hydrokinetic braking system to allow it to brake from 155 mph (250 km/h) within existing signalling distances. It is believed that the InterCity 225 project was originally to be called APT-U, but this name was dropped after older APT-P trains were not considered a success and that APT branding would tarnish the reputation of the new High Speed Train.

Between 2001 and April 2006 HSBC Rail (IC225 owner) initiated and funded with support from GNER and Bombardier Transportation and Alstom and others a complete rebuilding and refurbishment programme for both the Class 91 & Mark 4 coaches, called Project Mallard. See British Rail Mark 4 for more details.

See also


  1. ^, rolling stock: class 91, Retrieved on 04-07-2007
  2. ^ Oliver Keating, The Inter-city 225, Retrieved on 04-07-2007

External links

Simple English

The InterCity 225 is a locomotive operating in the United Kingdom. Its top speed is 225km/h, hence its name.

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