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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Interlochen is an unincorporated community within Green Lake Township, Grand Traverse County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The community is noted for the internationally renowned Interlochen Center for the Arts.

Contents

History

Before the arrival of European settlers, members of the Odawa tribe lived between the lakes they called Wahbekaness and Wahbekanetta (now named Duck Lake and Green Lake, respectively). Beginning in the late 19th century, European settlers began logging and fishing industries in the area. As the lumber industry grew, the area became more deforested, until in 1917 the State of Michigan purchased the remaining virgin pines and created Interlochen State Park, the first state park in Michigan.[1] In 1928, the National Music Camp was founded at Interlochen and evolved to become Interlochen Center for the Arts, which still includes a summer camp as well as a winter fine arts boarding high school and public radio station.

Geography

As the name suggests, Interlochen is situated between the two lakes of the original Odawa settlement. It is approximately 14 miles southwest of Traverse City at 44°38′41″N 85°46′02″W / 44.64472°N 85.76722°W / 44.64472; -85.76722, and sits at an elevation of 841 feet above sea level. The FIPS place code is 40800.

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Highways

  • US 31.svg US-31 mainly parallels the Lake Michigan shore, and runs for 356 miles in a northerly direction from the Indiana-Michigan state line southwest of Niles to its terminus at I-75 south of Mackinaw City.

Climate

Interlochen lies close to the 45th parallel north, approximately halfway between the equator and the north pole. It therefore experiences typical Northern Michigan weather: very cold in the winter, and very warm in the summer. Interlochen is close enough to Lake Michigan that it experiences heavy lake-effect snow, but not close enough to be cooled by the Great Lake's breeze, furthering the extremes of the winter and summer seasons. However, other lake-effect precipitation in the summer is also present, causing lush greenery and magnificent thunderstorms, and making Interlochen picturesque in the summer as well as in the winter.

Demographics

According to the census[2] of 2000, there were 5,002 people, 1,977 households, and 1,678 families residing in the Interlochen Zip Code Tabulation Area (49643), which also includes most of Inland Township as well as portions of Almira and Colfax townships in Benzie County along with the western portion of Green Township and the northwest corner of Grant Township. The population density was 87.9 people per square mile (33.9/km²). There were 2,461 housing units at an average density of 43.2 per square mile (16.7/km²).[3]

According to the 2000 census, the racial makeup of the Zip Code Tabulation Area was 96.6% Non-Hispanic White, 1.3% Native American, 0.2% African-American or Black, 0.2% Asian-American, 0.3% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. 0.9% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos, who can be of any race.[4]

Government

Interlochen does not have its own local government, but is governed locally by the Green Lake Township. The township offices are located in Interlochen.[5]. Some governmental services are also provided by the county.

Media

Interlochen is home to 88.7 WIAA, which is run by the Interlochen Center for the Arts and operates as Northern Michigan's National Public Radio affiliate.

Transportation

Highways

U.S. Highway 31 passes about a mile north of the area and M-137 is a spur running through the community, connecting US 31 with the community and with Interlochen State Park about two miles south.

Public Transportation

Interlochen is served by Traverse City's public transportation system, the Bay Area Transportation Authority (BATA) which serves most of the Grand Traverse region with dial-a-ride services. BATA recently revealed its first hybrid bus in December, 2005. BATA recently completed a bus transfer terminal on Hall St., in Traverse City, which opened July 21, 2006. The terminal is used to transfer riders to different busses on different routes. BATA also links riders to the Greyhound terminal for regional and long-distance travel.

Notes

External links


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