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The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) is an intergovernmental organization created by the mandate of the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea. It was established by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, signed at Montego Bay, Jamaica, on December 10, 1982. The Convention entered into force on November 16, 1994, and established an international framework for law over "all ocean space, its uses and resources". The Convention also established the International Seabed Authority, with responsibility for the regulation of seabed mining beyond the limits of national jurisdiction, that is beyond the limits of the territorial sea, the contiguous zone and the continental shelf.

The Tribunal has the power to settle disputes between member states (there are currently 155 - 154 and the European Community).

Composition

According to its founding statute, the Tribunal has a set of 21 serving judges from a variety of member states in three primary bodies:

  • The Chamber of Summary Procedure
  • The Chamber for Fisheries Disputes
  • The Chamber for Marine Environment Disputes

In addition, at the request of Chile and the European Community, the Tribunal has also formed a special chamber to deal with the case concerning the Conservation and Sustainable Exploitation of Swordfish Stocks in the South-Eastern Pacific Ocean (Chile/European Community).

International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is seated in Hamburg, Germany.

Current members

Country Name Inauguration President Vice president
Argentina Argentina Hugo Caminos 1996
Brazil Brazil Vicente Marotta Rangel 1996
Bulgaria Bulgaria Alexander Yankov 1996
Grenada Grenada L. Dolliver M. Nelson 1996 2002–2005 1999–2002
India India P. Chandrasekhara Rao 1996 1999–2002
Jordan Jordan Joseph Akl 1996 2005–2008
Germany Germany Rüdiger Wolfrum 1996 2005–2008 1996–1999
Italy Italy Tullio Treves 1996
Senegal Senegal Tafsir Malick Ndiaye 1996
Cape Verde Cape Verde José Luis Jesus 1999 2008–
France France Jean-Pierre Cot 2002
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Anthony Amos Lucky 2003
Poland Poland Stanisław Pawlak 2005
Austria Austria Helmut Türk 2005 2008–
Japan Japan Shunji Yanai 2005
Tanzania Tanzania James L. Kateka 2005
South Africa South Africa Albert J.Hoffmann 2005
People's Republic of China China Zhiguo Gao 2008
Algeria Algeria Boualem Bouguetaia 2008
Russia Russia Vladimir Vladimirovich Golitsyn 2008
South Korea South Korea Jin-Hyun Paik 2009

External links

Coordinates: 53°33′04″N 9°51′03″E / 53.55111°N 9.85083°E / 53.55111; 9.85083

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