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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Internet police is a generic term for police and secret police departments and other organizations in charge of policing internet in a number of countries.[1] The major purposes of internet police, depending on the state, are fighting cybercrime, as well as censorship, propaganda, and monitoring and manipulating the online public opinion.

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Mainland China

It has been reported[2] that in 2005, departments of provincial and municipal governments in mainland China began creating teams of Internet commentators from propaganda and police departments and offering them classes in Marxism, propaganda techniques, and the Internet. They are reported to guide discussion on public bulletin boards away from politically sensitive topics by posting opinions anonymously or under false names. "They are actually hiring staff to curse online", said Liu Di, a Chinese student who was arrested for posting her comments in blogs.

Chinese Internet police also erase anti-Communist comments and posts pro-government messages. Chinese Communist Party leader Hu Jintao has declared the party's intent to strengthen administration of the online environment and maintain the initiative in online opinion.[3]

See also: Jingjing and Chacha

Estonia

The Computer Emergency Response Team of Estonia (CERT Estonia), established in 2006, is an organisation responsible for the management of security incidents in .ee computer networks. Its task is to assist Estonian internet users in the implementation of preventive measures in order to reduce possible damage from security incidents and to help them in responding to security threats. CERT Estonia deals with security incidents that occur in Estonian networks, are started there, or have been notified of by citizens or institutions either in Estonia or abroad.[4]

India

Cyber Crime Investigation Cell[5] is a wing of Mumbai Police, India, to deal with Cyber crimes, and to enforce provisions of India's Information Technology Law, namely, Information Technology Act 2000, and various cyber crime related provisions of criminal laws, including the Indian Penal Code. Cyber Crime Investigation Cell is a part of Crime Branch, Criminal Investigation Department of the Mumbai Police.

Andhra Pradesh Cyber Crime Investigation Cell[6] is a wing of Hyderabad Police, India, to deal with Cyber crimes.

Netherlands

Dutch police was reported to set up an Internet Brigade to fight cybercrime. It will be allowed to infiltrate internet newsgroups and discussion forums for intelligence gathering, to make pseudo-purchase and to provide services.[7].

Romania

Romanian BCCO has a unit which is responsible for silencing activists and selected targets. They allegedly manufacture complaints against the targeted individuals who they present as being made victim by the USA or the EU. They are later pushed through a special prosecution office called DIICOT. The Romanian press wrote about two prosecutors who have supported and encouraged these practices Florentina Lungu and Cristina Scarlat [8]. In 2002 they ordered the abusive arrest of a minor and bypassed legal procedures [9]. The entire operation was ordered and overseen by Gheorghe Bica, head of the Craiova BCCO unit who is rumored to have put pressure on the judges. The local BCCO unit has also pressured the director of Colegiului National „Fratii Buzesti“, where the minor was studying at that time, to expel him; although this was against the legislation and school rules [10].

Thailand

After the 2006 coup in Thailand, the Thai police has been active in monitoring and silencing dissidents online. Censorship of the internet is carried out by the Ministry of Information and Communications Technology of Thailand and the Royal Thai Police, in collaboration with the Communications Authority of Thailand and the Telecommunication Authority of Thailand.[11]

United Kingdom

The Internet Watch Foundation (IWF) is the only recognised organisation in the United Kingdom operating an internet ‘Hotline’ for the public and IT professionals to report their exposure to potentially illegal content online. It works in partnership with the police, Government, the public, Internet service providers and the wider online industry.

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