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Coordinates: 56°13′51″N 5°04′24″W / 56.23081°N 5.07325°W / 56.23081; -5.07325

Inveraray
Scottish Gaelic: Inbhir Aora
Inveraray is located in Scotland
Inveraray

 Inveraray shown within Scotland
OS grid reference NN096085
Council area Argyll and Bute
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district PA32
Dialling code 01499
Police Strathclyde
Fire Strathclyde
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
List of places: UK • Scotland •

Inveraray (Inbhir Aora in Gaelic) is a town Royal Burgh in Argyll and Bute, Scotland, located on the western shore of Loch Fyne near its head, and on the A83 road. It is the traditional county town of Argyll and ancestral home to the Duke of Argyll. In 1744 the third Duke of Argyll decided to demolish the existing castle and start from scratch with a new building. The castle was 40 years in construction, and the work was largely supervised by the Adam family, still renowned to this day as gifted architects and designers. The end product was not a castle in the traditional sense, but a classic Georgian mansion house on a grand scale, Inveraray Castle. Over the years the castle has played host to numerous luminaries; Queen Victoria visited it in 1847, and the Royal connection was further cemented when her daughter, Princess Louise, married the heir to the Campbell chieftainship, the Marquis of Lorne, in 1875, illustrating the elevated position of the Argyll family in the social pecking order of the times. The town prior to the reconstruction of the castle was little more than a collection of humble cottages adjacent to the castle site and the Duke wished that the populace be moved to improve the appearance of his home. As early as 1747 William Adam had drawn up plans for the creation of a new Inveraray. By 1770, however, little had been done, and it was the fifth Duke who set about rebuilding the town in its present form. Much of the work on the rebuilt Inveraray was done by John Adam, the Argyll Hotel on Front Street being his, as well as the Town House. Most of the new Inveraray, however, was the creation of Robert Mylne, a celebrated architect of the period. The end product was an attractive town which included houses for estate workers, a woollen mill, and a pier to exploit herring fishing, which was to mushroom in later years to play a major role in the town's economy. The finished product is one of the best examples of an 18th century new town in Scotland, and the vast majority of the properties in the centre of Inveraray are considered worthy of protection because of the town's architectural significance. The celebrated essayist Doctor Johnson, himself no fan of Scotland, was moved to comment on the new Inveraray: 'What I admire here is the total defiance of expense".

Inveraray.
View from the Tower.

Much of the town, including the church, was designed and built by the Edinburgh-born architect Robert Mylne (1733-1811) between 1772 and 1800.[1]

Its distinctive white buildings on the loch shore make it photogenic and it is a popular tourist destination, with a number of attractions in addition to the castle. The Georgian Inveraray Jail in the burgh is now a museum. Other attractions include the Argyll Folk Museum at Auchindrain. The Celtic Inveraray Cross can also been seen in the town. The Inverarary Maritime Heritage Museum is based on the iron sailing ship Arctic Penguin, moored at the pier, along with the Clyde puffers VIC 72, Eilean Eisdeal, renamed Vital Spark, and VIC27 Auld Reekie, renamed Maggie.[2] The Bell Tower dominates the town, and contains the second-heaviest ring of ten bells in the world.[3] The bell tower is open to the public, and the bells are rung regularly.

Shinty is a popular local sport, Inveraray Shinty Club being crowned Scottish Champions in 2004. Inveraray and District Pipe band was formed in 2005 after a 70 years gap. In their first competing year, 2006, they won a trophy at every competition. They are now the Grade 2 world champions.

Inveraray, Scotland, Viewed from the B839 on the Eastern side of Loch Fyne, above St. Catherines
Inveraray Bridge on Loch Fyne from Inveraray. The spires of Inveraray Castle can just be seen on the left. The hill behind the bridge is Dun Corr Bhile.

References

  1. ^ Ward, Robert (2007) The Man Who Buried Nelson: The Surprising Life of Robert Mylne. London: Tempus Publishing. ISBN 978-0752439228. pp.101, 167
  2. ^ "Inveraray Maritime Experience". http://www.inveraray.tv/. Retrieved 2008-07-19.  
  3. ^ "Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers". http://dove.cccbr.org.uk/dove.php?. Retrieved 2009-07-28.  

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Inveraray is in the Argyll and Bute region of Scotland.

  • Citylink buses from Glasgow to Oban and Campbeltown stop on the sea front about 3 times per day. Some buses stop here for about 30 minutes to give their passengers a break.

Get around

The Town can easily be explored on foot, but a car or bike is useful for sightseeing out of the Town.

  • Inveraray Castle [1] Open April - October. Admission £6.80.
  • Inveraray Jail, PA32 8TX, +44(0)1499 302381 [2] Open all year, Admission £7.25.
  • Maritime Museum +44(0)1499 302213 [3] See aboard The Artic Penguin, which is berthed at the pier. Open April - September, Admission £3.80.
  • Auchindrain Museum By Inveraray, PA32 8XN, 01499 500235. A recreation of a township, about 6 miles South of Inveraray. Open April - October. Admission £4.50.
  • Crarae Gardens, Minard, Inveraray, Argyll, PA32 8YA. 10 miles South of Inveraray.
  • Cruachan Visitor Centre, Dalmally, Argyll PA33 1AN, 01866 822618. [4] Go inside a mountain to see a hydro-electric power station.
  • Inveraray Highland Games, July 21st 2009
  • Connect Music Festival, Inveraray Castle grounds
  • Argyll Adventure, Inveraray PA32 8XT (2 miles south of Inveraray on A83), 01499 302611, [5]. Horse Riding, Bungee Trampolines, Climbing Walls, Laser Pulse Arena and Laser Clay Pigeon Shooting. Open seven days weeks from 10am Easter till Oct. Reservations required for Horse Riding call on 01499 302611  edit

Buy

There is a small selection of independent shops on the main street.

  • Loch Fyne Oyster Bar
  • George Hotel, Main Street Inveraray, 01499 302111. The George has always had an enviable reputation for ambience, friendliness and its cuisine. With its original solid stone flagstoned floors and four roaring log and peat fires, the George is a lively haunt for both local characters and visitors alike with a wide choice of real ales, 100 malt whiskies and an extensive wine list. It deservedly earns its place in the good pub guide and the good beer guide. Located at the top of Main St  edit
  • Loch Fyne Hotel Inveraray, Argyll, PA32 8XT, 0870 950 6270 (). The hotel offers restaurant, leisure and spa facilities.
  • Inveraray Youth Hostel, Dalmally Road, PA32 8XD, 01499 302 454 [6]. 28 bed SYHA hostel, with beds costing around £9-15 per night.
  • Argyll Hotel Front Street, Inveraray, PA32 8XB, +44 (0)1499 302466 [7]. Fabulous rooms overlooking Loch Fyne, costing £39 - 79 per person.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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