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.An investment bank is a financial institution that assists corporations and governments in raising capital by underwriting and acting as the agent in the issuance of securities.^ Financial Dictionary Investment Bank [31] .
  • Investment Banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC know.about.com [Source type: News]

^ Investment banking is one of the basic functions provided to corporations by banking institutions.
  • Investment Banking: Expert Consulting Services for Corporate Finance 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.mysmp.com [Source type: News]

^ Financial institutions such as these assist corporations in the raising of funds by selling securities.

.An investment bank also assists companies involved in mergers and acquisitions, divestitures, etc.^ Metos Investments Provides investment banking, merger, acquisition, and financial services.
  • Financial Directory - Investment Banks 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.mastermoney.org [Source type: News]

^ What's the company culture at UBS Investment Bank?
  • Ubs Investment Bank Jobs Forum | Indeed.com 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.indeed.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Investment bankers give companies advice on mergers and acquisitions, for example.
  • Investment banks - Investment banking - Investment bankers - List of Investment banks.* 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.prlog.org [Source type: News]
  • What is Investment Banking? 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wisegeek.com [Source type: News]
  • Investment Bank List | Investment Banks Directory | Offshore Banking | Swiss Investment Banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC investmentbanklist.com [Source type: News]

.Further to provide ancillary services such as market making and the trading of derivatives, fixed income instruments, foreign exchange, commodity, and equity securities.^ A majority of investment banks offer strategic advisory services for mergers, acquisitions, divestiture or other financial services for clients, such as the trading of derivatives, fixed income, foreign exchange, commodity, and equity securities.

^ It also provides securities products and research in equities, fixed income, rates and foreign exchange.
  • Jobs, careers, employment, education - Vault.com 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.vault.com [Source type: General]

^ It also offers foreign exchange and global capital markets research services.
  • ANZ Investment Bank - Company Profile on LinkedIn 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.linkedin.com [Source type: News]

.Unlike commercial banks and retail banks, investment banks do not take deposits.^ However, some large investment banks also serve as commercial banks or retail banks .
  • Investment Bank - What is an Investment Bank? 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC banking.about.com [Source type: General]

^ A new take on investment banking .
  • freshlook - A new take on investment banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC freshlookbanking.com [Source type: General]

^ In contrast to investment banks, commercial banks focus on taking deposits and lending.

.To provide investment banking services in the United States an advisor must be a licensed broker-dealer.^ Investment Banking Products and services.
  • Welcome to Zenith Bank > Product & Services > Corporates > Investment Banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.zenithbank.com [Source type: News]

^ What kinds of investment banking services are offered?

^ Investment banking advisory services ...
  • Investment Banks in Washington, DC – Web Listings 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.business.com [Source type: News]

.The advisor is subject to Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC) (FINRA) regulation[1].^ U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission: Check Out Brokers and Investment Advisers [34] .
  • Investment Banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC know.about.com [Source type: News]

^ Securities and Investment Advisory products are provided by UVEST Financial Services, Member FINRA , SIPC and a SEC Registered Investment Advisor.
  • Citizens Bank - Investment Advisory Services 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.citizensbankco.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Contact the Securities and Exchange Commission: The SEC actively investigates and prosecutes prime bank fraud as securities fraud.
  • Prime Bank/High-Yield Investment Schemes 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.quatloos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Until 1999, the United States maintained a separation between investment banking and commercial banks.^ Until the late 1980s, the United States and Canada maintained a separation between investment banking and commercial banks.
  • | Investment Bank - Investment banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.investmentbank.net [Source type: General]

^ Swiss Bank ’s Australian investment banking unit, and ...
  • INVESTMENT BANKING - Bank to Wuffli: Not You & Us 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.iimagazine.com [Source type: News]

^ Japan and the United States are the only major industrial countries that require the separation of commercial and investment banking.

.Other industrialized countries, including G7 countries, have not maintained this separation historically.^ Japan and the United States are the only major industrial countries that require the separation of commercial and investment banking.

^ Maintaining the historical separation between banking and commerce, this legislation specifically disallows routine management by the FHC subsidiary of the nonfinancial company in which it has invested.
  • FDIC: Banking Review 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.fdic.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eric has also held Vice President positions in other industries including: banking (KeyCorp) and insurance (CIGNA/Prudential).
  • Trust & Investment Team Bios | Bank of Ann Arbor 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.bankofannarbor.com [Source type: News]

.Trading securities for cash or securities (i.e., facilitating transactions, market-making), or the promotion of securities (i.e., underwriting, research, etc.^ The fund ensures the highest degree of safety as it invests in guaranteed savings schemes (Treasury bills, deposit certificates, savings certificates...etc) without being affected by the price fluctuations of the securities traded in the stock market.
  • Investment Banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.alexbank.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By advising corporate clients on the creation of stocks, bonds and other securities By underwriting securities By facilitating mergers and acquisitions, along with any due diligence and securities exchanges that may go along with them.
  • Investment Banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC know.about.com [Source type: News]

^ It co-originates, structures, distributes and trades transactions arranged by Calyon in the syndicated loan market.
  • Calyon » Business lines » Coverage & Investment banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.calyon.com [Source type: News]

) was referred to as the "sell side".
.Dealing with the pension funds, mutual funds, hedge funds, and the investing public who consumed the products and services of the sell-side in order to maximize their return on investment constitutes the "buy side". Many firms have buy and sell side components.^ Investment bankers deal with many types of clients and an innumerable selection of different types of funds including mutual funds, pension funds and hedge funds for example.
  • Investment Banking | Careers Catalyst 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC careerscatalyst.com [Source type: News]

^ Investment Banking Products and services.
  • Welcome to Zenith Bank > Product & Services > Corporates > Investment Banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.zenithbank.com [Source type: News]

^ An investment firm underwrites deals in order to generate commissions for their firm.
  • (IPOs) Investment Banks for Medium Businesses :: Business Development 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.mbda.gov [Source type: News]

Contents

Organizational structure of an investment bank

Main activities and units

.An investment bank is split into the so-called front office, middle office, and back office.^ Information technology is also run from the investment banks back office .
  • INVESTMENT BANKING INSTITUTE - Investment Banking Careers 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.ibtraining.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All front office, middle office and back office staff will qualify for a bonus.
  • Investment banking | WikiJob 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikijob.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's not always easy to get backing from an investment bank.
  • How to Talk to an Investment Banker | eHow.com 12 September 2009 11:31 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

.While large full-service investment banks offer all of the lines of businesses, both sell side and buy side, smaller sell side investment firms such as boutique investment banks and small broker-dealers will focus on investment banking and sales/trading/research, respectively.^ Work with investment banking firms that offer fee-only advisory services .
  • Investment Firms: Investment Banking Services | Business.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.business.com [Source type: News]

^ Investment Banking Products and services.
  • Welcome to Zenith Bank > Product & Services > Corporates > Investment Banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.zenithbank.com [Source type: News]

^ Banc of America Securities LLC A full service investment bank and brokerage firm.
  • Financial Directory - Investment Banks 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.mastermoney.org [Source type: News]

.Investment banks offer security to both corporations issuing securities and investors buying securities.^ An investment bank also services convertible issues.
  • Investment Banking Jobs - Investment Interest Calculator 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.clearleadinc.com [Source type: News]

^ What kinds of investment banking services are offered?

^ Professor Wilhelm's research focuses on investment banks and securities offerings.
  • Oxford University Press: Investment Banking: Alan D. Morrison 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.oup.com [Source type: Academic]

.For corporations investment bankers offer information on when and how to place their securities in the market.^ How much do investment bankers make?
  • How to Become an Investment Banker 12 September 2009 11:31 UTC www.degreefinders.com [Source type: News]

^ Investment bankers assist public and private corporations in raising funds in the capital markets (both equity and debt), as well as in providing strategic advisory services for mergers, acquisitions and other types of financial transactions.
  • INVESTMENTBANKING | INVESTMENTBANK | INVESTEMENT BANKING 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.factsaboutbanks.com [Source type: News]

^ Investment banker An investment banker is a person who is either an agent or an underwriter acting as a liaison between the investor and the issuer of new securities such as municipalities and corporations that issue the securities.

The corporations do not have to spend on resources with which it is not equipped. .To the investor, the responsible investment banker offers protection against unsafe securities.^ Investors are responsible for their own investment decisions.
  • Investment Services - RBC Royal Bank 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.rbcroyalbank.com [Source type: News]

^ Investment bankers also offer advisory services to their respective client investors.
  • Investment bank - Economypedia.com | Economic Dictionary, Economic Terms 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.economypedia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Investment banker An investment banker is a person who is either an agent or an underwriter acting as a liaison between the investor and the issuer of new securities such as municipalities and corporations that issue the securities.

.The offering of a few bad issues can cause serious loss to its reputation, and hence loss of business.^ Governance and Control are a serious isssue...The blog seemed to try to downplay the loss of control of business information and data like it was the same as losing control of an electricity grid.
  • investment bank Resources | ZDNet 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC updates.zdnet.com [Source type: General]

.Therefore, investment bankers play a very important role in issuing new security offerings.^ Investment banks also play a global role.
  • INVESTMENT BANKING, 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.history.com [Source type: General]

^ What is the role of an investment bank and the investment banker?
  • Investment Banking Essentials | Manhattan Review Career Training 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.manhattanreview.com [Source type: News]

^ By the way, Rattner is under investigation for a multi-million dollar pay-to-play investment bank scandal in New York .
  • Investment Banking News and Video - FOX News Topics - FOXNews.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.foxnews.com [Source type: News]

Core investment banking activities

.
  • Investment banking is the traditional aspect of the investment banks which also involves helping customers raise funds in the capital markets and giving advice on mergers and acquisitions.^ An Investment bank helps in raising capital as well as restructuring finance.
    • Investment Banking Jobs - Investment Interest Calculator 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.clearleadinc.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Middle market investment banking .
    • Investment Banking Information | ZoomInfo 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.zoominfo.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Broadly, investmentbankers work to raise capital and provide investment advice for the ...

    .Investment banking may involve subscribing investors to a security issuance, coordinating with bidders, or negotiating with a merger target.^ Investment banks offer a range of services for these clients, such as buying and trading securities, assistance in raising capital, advice on mergers and acquisitions, and asset management.
    • FAQ on Investment Banks - US News and World Report 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.usnews.com [Source type: News]

    ^ A majority of investment banks offer strategic advisory services for mergers, acquisitions, divestiture or other financial services for clients, such as the trading of derivatives, fixed income, foreign exchange, commodity, and equity securities.
    • | Investment Bank - Investment banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.investmentbank.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Investment banks help companies and governments and their agencies to raise money by issuing and selling securities in the primary market.
    • INVESTMENTBANKING | INVESTMENTBANK | INVESTEMENT BANKING 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.factsaboutbanks.com [Source type: News]

    .Another term for the investment banking division is corporate finance, and its advisory group is often termed mergers and acquisitions (M&A).^ Finance IT supports all Investment Bank ...
    • UBS Investment Bank Jobs | Indeed.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.indeed.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Investment banking advisory services ...
    • Investment Banks in Washington, DC – Web Listings 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.business.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Investment banks today are not just about securities, or mergers and acquisitions, or corporate finance advisory work.
    • Investment Banking Investment Bankers Vancouver Toronto UBS Canada 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.torontowebservices.com [Source type: News]

    .A pitch book of financial information is generated to market the bank to a potential M&A client; if the pitch is successful, the bank arranges the deal for the client.^ Banks that are capable in dealing with the features of the financial market can be categorized as investment banks.
    • Thinking Of Ethical Investing - Reliable Investment Banking Firms 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.falsafi.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ We do this by arranging bonds, IPOs and private placements, and by making markets in financial contracts such as commodities, FX, credit default swaps and interest rate swaps and options.

    ^ Pitchbook Solutions Optimized to Meet Industry Challenges In today's competitive financial market, maintaining a high level of control over vital information is essential.
    • Investment Banking Pitchbook, Investment Banking Pitch Book Management PPT Pitchbook Software 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.accent-technologies.com [Source type: Reference]

    .The investment banking division (IBD) is generally divided into industry coverage and product coverage groups.^ Choose investment banks that offer wide industry coverage .
    • Investment Firms: Investment Banking Services | Business.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.business.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Companies in the Investment Banks Industry (34) .
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]

    ^ US investment banks divided over levy .
    • FT.com / In depth / Investment banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.ft.com [Source type: News]

    .Industry coverage groups focus on a specific industry such as healthcare, industrials, or technology, and maintain relationships with corporations within the industry to bring in business for a bank.^ Industry coverage groups focus on a specific industry such as retail, oil, or technology.
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
    • Industry:Investment Banks 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]

    ^ There is no particular preference for any specific degree subject, although a numerate discipline or subject such as economics, law or business studies can prove to be particularly useful.

    ^ His areas of specialization are private equity investment, mergers and acquisitions, investment funds and direct investments with a specific focus on Islamic investment banking.
    • First | Investment Bank - Pioneering Opportunities for Economic Growth 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.first-ibank.com [Source type: News]

    .Product coverage groups focus on financial products, such as mergers and acquisitions, leveraged finance, project finance, asset finance and leasing, structured finance, restructuring, equity, and high-grade debt and generally work and collaborate with industry groups in the more intricate and specialized needs of a client.
  • Sales and trading: On behalf of the bank and its clients, the primary function of a large investment bank is buying and selling products.^ Financial Dictionary Investment Bank [31] .
    • Investment Banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC know.about.com [Source type: News]

    ^ An Investment bank helps in raising capital as well as restructuring finance.
    • Investment Banking Jobs - Investment Interest Calculator 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.clearleadinc.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Finance IT supports all Investment Bank ...
    • UBS Investment Bank Jobs | Indeed.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.indeed.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .In market making, traders will buy and sell financial products with the goal of making an incremental amount of money on each trade.^ Financial links Investment Make Money .
    • Qualities that investment banks look for at full-time job 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.uwcifs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Market making Propriety trading Trading .
    • Investment bank | WikiJob 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikijob.co.uk [Source type: News]

    ^ Investment banking - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The primary function of an investment bank is buying and selling products both on behalf of the bank's clients and also for the bank itself.

    .Sales is the term for the investment banks sales force, whose primary job is to call on institutional and high-net-worth investors to suggest trading ideas (on caveat emptor basis) and take orders.^ Unicorn Investment Bank jobs .
    • Unicorn Investment Bank jobs - US News 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC jobs.usnews.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Today's Investment Banking jobs include: .

    ^ UBS Investment Bank jobs .
    • UBS Investment Bank Jobs | Indeed.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.indeed.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Sales desks then communicate their clients' orders to the appropriate trading desks, who can price and execute trades, or structure new products that fit a specific need.^ Changing client needs, evolution of new business models, product (...
    • Bank Sal. Oppenheim - Investment Banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.oppenheim.de [Source type: News]
    • Sal. Oppenheim Switzerland - Investment Banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.oppenheim.ch [Source type: News]

    ^ Specific responsibilities will include detailed credit analysis and financial modeling in connection with structuring and pricing debt securities; preparation of...
    • Investment Bank jobs - US News 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC jobs.usnews.com [Source type: News]

    ^ The Group believes that every client is unique with specific needs and differing attitudes towards acceptable levels of risk.
    • :: Hinduja Group - Investment Banking :: 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.hindujagroup.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Structuring has been a relatively recent activity as derivatives have come into play, with highly technical and numerate employees working on creating complex structured products which typically offer much greater margins and returns than underlying cash securities.^ In recent years, however, the lines between the two types of structures have blurred, especially as commercial banks have offered more investment banking services.
    • INVESTMENTBANKING | INVESTMENTBANK | INVESTEMENT BANKING 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.factsaboutbanks.com [Source type: News]

    ^ In larger firms, the value of funds under management run into many billions of pounds Securities trading in equities, bonds or derivatives and offering broking and distribution facilities.

    ^ In the larger firms, the value of funds under management runs into many billions of pounds; Securities trading, in equities, bonds or derivatives and offering broking and distribution facilities.

    .Strategists advise external as well as internal clients on the strategies that can be adopted in various markets.^ As well as actually executing deals, traders manage our clients’ risk and help them to develop long-term trading strategies.

    ^ We use our expertise and know-how to advise clients on strategies for growth, how to structure and execute mergers and acquisitions and underwriting capital requirements.
    • :: Hinduja Group - Investment Banking :: 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.hindujagroup.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Cross Asset Strategist My client, is seeking a senior strategist to work with the fixed income research team in London to generate trade ideas/strategies for European cross .
    • Investment_Bank Jobs in London - The latest Investment_Bank Vacancies - LondonCareers.net 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.londoncareers.net [Source type: News]

    .Ranging from derivatives to specific industries, strategists place companies and industries in a quantitative framework with full consideration of the macroeconomic scene.^ He has experience working with privately held companies in the sales of their businesses to strategic buyers and private equity buyers in a wide range of industries.
    • Boenning & Scattergood : Investment Banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.boenninginc.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Randy has acted as financial advisor to companies in a broad range of industries.
    • Investment Banking - Team Bios 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.rwbaird.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Shimotakahara has advised companies in a broad range of industries and has deep experience with consumer products and manufacturing businesses.

    .This strategy often affects the way the firm will operate in the market, the direction it would like to take in terms of its proprietary and flow positions, the suggestions salespersons give to clients, as well as the way structurers create new products.^ The bank can also take short-term positions in the market with its own capital.
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
    • Industry:Investment Banks 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Global exposure, tax efficient strategies and sophisticated transaction structuring are all common practice for clients engaged with LockeBridge.
    • LockeBridge Investment Banking - Offering Investment Banking Companies Corporate Finance Advisory Services 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.lockebridge.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A strong bank investment bank or strong enough financial advisory firms that we're moving to take advantage of other people's losses will likely have earnings are coming …” .
    • Investment Banking video and audio on brought to you by Boston.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC multimedia.boston.com [Source type: News]

    .Banks also undertake risk through proprietary trading, done by a special set of traders who do not interface with clients and through "principal risk", risk undertaken by a trader after he buys or sells a product to a client and does not hedge his total exposure.^ Sells retail banking products...
    • Investment Banker Jobs in Phoenix, AZ | Indeed.com 12 September 2009 11:31 UTC www.indeed.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ As a SEC authorised securities dealer, we buy and sell stocks of publicly listed companies on behalf of our clients.
    • Investment Banking | Skye Bank 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC ww3.skyebankng.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Investment banking activities include: Investment Banking Division (“IBD”) Concerned with financing and advising public and private institutions Sales Concerned with buying and selling products on behalf of the bank’s clients Trading Concerned with executing client trades and taking positions for the firm.
    • Investment Banking 101 (F08) 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: General]

    .Banks seek to maximize profitability for a given amount of risk on their balance sheet.^ The aim is to help firms improve their balance sheets and profit prospects and attract capital from the private sector.
    • Treasury 'actively' eyes bank investment - Oct. 9, 2008 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC money.cnn.com [Source type: News]

    ^ US Investment Bank , arguably one of the most profitable and prestigious banks, known for its excellent employee culture and benefits, is seeking to hire a junior ...

    ^ Barclays Capital is the investment banking division of Barclays Bank PLC which has an AA long-term credit rating and a balance sheet of over US$1.8 trillion.
    • Financial Services Directory — Investment Banking Firms 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.boogar.com [Source type: News]

    .The necessity for numerical ability in sales and trading has created jobs for physics, math and engineering Ph.D.s who act as quantitative analysts.
  • Research is the division which reviews companies and writes reports about their prospects, often with "buy" or "sell" ratings.^ Be the first to rate Write a review .
    • Investment Services in Red Bank, NJ on Yahoo! Local 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC local.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The division works closely with the Sales and Trading division.
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
    • Industry:Investment Banks 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Sales and Trading is the division that buys and sells assets and securities in a lot of markets.
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
    • Industry:Investment Banks 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]

    .While the research division may or may not generate revenue (based on policies at different banks), its resources are used to assist traders in trading, the sales force in suggesting ideas to customers, and investment bankers by covering their clients.^ The main idea is to safeguard the clients and their investments.
    • Thinking Of Ethical Investing - Reliable Investment Banking Firms 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.falsafi.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Trading Trading and Sales are highly sought after investment banking positions.
    • Investment Banking Careers and Job Information - Career Overview.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.careeroverview.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Investment bankers may also manage the investments of their client companies.
    • Investment Banker Job Description, Career as an Investment Banker, Salary, Employment - Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training Requirements, Getting the Job 12 September 2009 11:31 UTC careers.stateuniversity.com [Source type: News]

    .Research also serves outside clients with investment advice (such as institutional investors and high net worth individuals) in the hopes that these clients will execute suggested trade ideas through the Sales & Trading division of the bank, thereby bringing in revenue for the firm.^ Lehman Brothers : A global investment bank serving the financial needs of corporations, institutions,governments and high-net-worth investors worldwide.
    • Investment Banks :: Financial Services 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.capmgt.com [Source type: News]

    ^ The main idea is to safeguard the clients and their investments.
    • Thinking Of Ethical Investing - Reliable Investment Banking Firms 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.falsafi.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Trading Trading and Sales are highly sought after investment banking positions.
    • Investment Banking Careers and Job Information - Career Overview.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.careeroverview.com [Source type: News]

    .There is a potential conflict of interest between the investment bank and its analysis in that published analysis can affect the profits of the bank.^ View more Bank Investments analysis .

    ^ Factors that affect bank's profitability .
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]

    ^ US Investment Bank , arguably one of the most profitable and prestigious banks, known for its excellent employee culture and benefits, is seeking to hire a junior ...

    Therefore in recent years the relationship between investment banking and research has become highly regulated requiring a Chinese wall between public and private functions.

Other businesses that an investment bank may be involved in

.
  • Global transaction banking is the division which provide cash management, custody services, lending, and securities brokerage services to institutions.^ Market information services for the global securities lending industry.
    • SunGard – Investment Banking Solution, Management and Analysis 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.sungard.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Brokerage Services are provided through City National Securities, Inc.
    • City National Bank: Personal Banking - Investments & Trust Services - Business Continuity Notification 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cnb.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Additionally, many investment banks provide asset management and brokerage services.
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
    • Industry:Investment Banks 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]

    .Prime brokerage with hedge funds has been an especially profitable business, as well as risky, as seen in the "run on the bank" with Bear Stearns in 2008.
  • Investment management is the professional management of various securities (shares, bonds, etc.^ Investment banks to bear brunt of levy .
    • FT.com / In depth / Investment banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.ft.com [Source type: News]

    ^ JPMorgan shuffles investment banking management .
    • JPMorgan shuffles investment banking management 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.sfgate.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Prime Brokerage : The division deals with professional asset managers, such as mutual funds and hedge funds.
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
    • Industry:Investment Banks 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]

    ) and other assets (e.g. .real estate), to meet specified investment goals for the benefit of the investors.^ These options include alternative investments from leading hedge fund, real estate and commodity managers.

    ^ Leading Real Estate Investment Bank and Correspondent Lender - Greenwich, CT model) - Write-up of investment proposals to our partner investment banks & funds - Data entry for...
    • Banking / Investment Jobs Near You on Lycos Jobs 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC jobs.lycos.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Accounting standards that allow 100% values for Commercial Real Estate Investments and Credit Derivatives and Credit Default Swaps will at some point be overtaken by reality - whatever that is.
    • Investment Banking — Blogs, Pictures, and more on WordPress 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC en.wordpress.com [Source type: General]

    .Investors may be institutions (insurance companies, pension funds, corporations etc.^ Investors include individuals, insurance companies, pension funds, trust companies, investment companies, and other institutions.
    • INVESTMENT BANKING, 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.history.com [Source type: General]

    ^ They may draw on public funds through the capital market by selling stock in their company, and they may also seek out venture capital or private equity in exchange for a stake in their company.
    • Investment banks - Investment banking - Investment bankers - List of Investment banks.* 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.prlog.org [Source type: News]

    ^ How is the application of derivatives to the capital markets including structured financial instruments, the securities exchanges, the roles and functions of investors such as individuals, pension funds, insurance companies, mutual funds, hedge funds and the regulators?
    • Investment Banking Essentials | Manhattan Review Career Training 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.manhattanreview.com [Source type: News]

    ) or .private investors (both directly via investment contracts and more commonly via collective investment schemes e.g.^ Instead, they have a network of investors (often both institutional and private, accredited angel investors) that trust the investment banker to bring them quality deals.
    • What Exactly Is An Investment Banker? - Entrepreneur.com 12 September 2009 11:31 UTC www.entrepreneur.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Buyers of his clients include both strategic companies and private equity investors, and he has completed cross-border transactions.

    ^ Meyers has more than 30 years of experience as an investment banker, assisting scores of companies raise capital in public and private markets and complete M&A transactions .

    mutual funds). .The investment management division of an investment bank is generally divided into separate groups, often known as Private Wealth Management and Private Client Services.
  • Merchant banking is a private equity activity of investment banks.^ An investment bank also services convertible issues.
    • Investment Banking Jobs - Investment Interest Calculator 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.clearleadinc.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Activities: corporate finance, asset management, Private Equity, Real Estate Investment .
    • International Investment Bank announces net loss of $1.4 million for first half 2009 | Results | CPI Financial 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.cpifinancial.net [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Dev Consulting Group Offering services like banking investments.

    [2] .Current examples include Goldman Sachs Capital Partners and JPMorgan's One Equity Partners.^ In 2004 JPMorgan Chase merged with Chicago-based Bank One, extending its reach into the Midwest and bringing the bank its current chief executive, Jamie Dimon.
    • Global Finance Magazine - BEST INVESTMENT BANKS - 2009 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.gfmag.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Corporate Finance: Corporate finance includes a range of areas such as debt and equity capital, appropriate capital structures and mergers and acquisitions.
    • A Career In Investment Banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC ezinearticles.com [Source type: News]

    ^ In reforms that could force the restructuring of some of the biggest names in US finance, including JPMorgan Chase and Goldman Sachs, Mr Obama promised ...
    • Investment Banking - Blogs, Pictures, and more on Blogged 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.blogged.com [Source type: News]

    .(Originally, "merchant bank" was the British English term for an investment bank.^ Not very, judging by the announcement on January 9th by S.G. Warburg, a British investment bank, that it would stop making bond prices to clients except inHOW important is it...
    • Investment Bank: Definition and additional resources from BNET 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC dictionary.bnet.com [Source type: News]

    ^ The sub-projects will be identified and individual loans structured by Rand Merchant Bank (RMB), the investment banking division of FirstRand Bank Limited.
    • EUROPA - Press Releases - European Investment Bank funds for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects across South Africa 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC europa.eu [Source type: Reference]

    ^ The terms of most industrial issues are negotiated between the investment-banking firm and the corporation issuing the securities.
    • INVESTMENT BANKING, 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.history.com [Source type: General]

    )

Middle office

.
  • Risk management involves analyzing the market and credit risk that traders are taking onto the balance sheet in conducting their daily trades, and setting limits on the amount of capital that they are able to trade in order to prevent 'bad' trades having a detrimental effect to a desk overall.^ On a pre-trade compliance side, Luxoft worked with a major order management system vendor to ensure their system checks various limits and policies set by the administrators to prevent any malicious or accidental trades that violate the company’s internal rules.
    • Investment Banking Software. Financial Application Development / Banking & Finance / Industries / Luxoft 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.luxoft.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Given the market we operate in, we need to ensure that we avoid any risk of breaking down Chinese walls, prevent market abuse, correctly manage confidential information and yet still have better workflow."
    • Intranet Blog :: Investment banker uses wiki for employee collaboration 12 September 2009 11:31 UTC intranetblog.blogware.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The aim is to help firms improve their balance sheets and profit prospects and attract capital from the private sector.
    • Treasury 'actively' eyes bank investment - Oct. 9, 2008 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC money.cnn.com [Source type: News]

    .Another key Middle Office role is to ensure that the above mentioned economic risks are captured accurately (as per agreement of commercial terms with the counterparty), correctly (as per standardized booking models in the most appropriate systems) and on time (typically within 30 minutes of trade execution).^ Middle office roles generally comprise of risk management positions.
    • Investment banking | WikiJob 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikijob.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Most we politely decline within minutes.
    • Business Plan Software Success Case: $3,000,000 Aviation Start-Up 12 September 2009 11:31 UTC www.jian.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The successful candidate will be leading a team of 3 and will be responsible for the capture and calculation of the economic impact on traders risk positions for all...
    • Banking - Investment Banking Jobs in London | CityJobs, UK 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cityjobs.com [Source type: News]

    .In recent years the risk of errors has become known as "operational risk" and the assurance Middle Offices provide now includes measures to address this risk.^ For about 10 years now, I’ve been writing what has become By George.

    ^ Back office investment banking roles are mainly operations roles and include the technology division.
    • Investment banking | WikiJob 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikijob.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In most middle offices there is a division of risk management, charged with the assessment of risk associated with the activities of the front office .
    • INVESTMENT BANKING INSTITUTE - Investment Banking Careers 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.ibtraining.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .When this assurance is not in place, market and credit risk analysis can be unreliable and open to deliberate manipulation.
  • Financial control tracks and analyzes the capital flows of the firm, the Finance division is the principal adviser to senior management on essential areas such as controlling the firm's global risk exposure and the profitability and structure of the firm's various businesses.^ View more Bank Investments analysis .

    ^ Full-service Investment Banking Firm .

    ^ Investment banking firm specializing in ESOP and management buyouts.
    • Financial Directory - Investment Banks 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.mastermoney.org [Source type: News]

    .In the United States and United Kingdom, a Financial Controller is a senior position, often reporting to the Chief Financial Officer.
  • Corporate strategy, along with risk, treasury, and controllers, often falls under the finance division as well.
  • Compliance areas are responsible for an investment bank's daily operations' compliance with government regulations and internal regulations.^ Finance IT supports all Investment Bank ...
    • UBS Investment Bank Jobs | Indeed.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.indeed.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ While at Thomas Weisel, Jorgensen served as chief operating officer as well as co-director of investment banking.
    • Yahoo names investment banker CFO - CNET News 12 September 2009 11:31 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Operational Risk Manager - London , United Kingdom , 50k - 65k .

    Often also considered a back-office division.

Back office

.
  • Operations involves data-checking trades that have been conducted, ensuring that they are not erroneous, and transacting the required transfers.^ Front, Middle and Back Office Front Office Corporate Finance, Sales and Trading, Syndicate, Research and M&A Raises funds in the Capital Markets and advises clients Middle Office Risk Management Analyzes the market and credit risk that traders are taking onto the balance sheet and sets capital limits Trade Support Assists traders with daily activities like trade processing Back Office Operations Data-checks that trades have been executed, ensures they are not erroneous, and transacts required transfers Technology Supports the considerable amounts of proprietary software, data, and systems that are ubiquitous in major I-Banks What is Investment Banking?
    • Investment Banking 101 (F08) 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Representatives of a BD or IA are deemed to conduct business in a state to the extent that they provide individualized responses to investor inquiries that involve (a) effecting, or attempting to effect, transactions in securities; or (b) rendering personalized investment advice for compensation.
    • First International Bank and Trust: Investment - Services 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.firstintlbank.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Representatives of a BD or IA are deemed to conduct business in a state to the extent that they provide individualized responses to investor inquiries that involve (a)effecting, or attempting to effect, transactions in securities; or (b) rendering personalized investment advice for compensation.

    .While some believe that operations provides the greatest job security and the bleakest career prospects of any division within an investment bank,[3] many banks have outsourced operations.^ MBA Authority provides job search for a career in investment banking .

    ^ Investment banking job extends to government and quasi-government securities.
    • Investment Banking Jobs - Investment Interest Calculator 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.clearleadinc.com [Source type: News]

    ^ US Investment Bank jobs .

    .It is, however, a critical part of the bank.^ One area bank, however, has made it a tangible part of its every day banking services.
    • Banking & Investment News Releases - PR Leap 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.prleap.com [Source type: News]

    .Due to increased competition in finance related careers, college degrees are now mandatory at most Tier 1 investment banks.^ Further your career in investment banking with a new degree or certificate: .
    • Investment Banking Careers and Job Information - Career Overview.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.careeroverview.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Finance IT supports all Investment Bank ...
    • UBS Investment Bank Jobs | Indeed.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.indeed.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Investment banking salary College Discussion .

    .July 2008" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] A finance degree has proved significant in understanding the depth of the deals and transactions that occur across all the divisions of the bank.
  • Technology refers to the information technology department.^ Finance IT supports all Investment Bank ...
    • UBS Investment Bank Jobs | Indeed.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.indeed.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The article references american investment bank Story: Deals Down Under - While Australia defies classification as Asian, European or American, the country in many ways enjoys the best of all these worlds.

    ^ Back office investment banking roles are mainly operations roles and include the technology division.
    • Investment banking | WikiJob 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikijob.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Every major investment bank has considerable amounts of in-house software, created by the technology team, who are also responsible for technical support.^ Investment Banking Analysts Interns support the investment banking team by providing analytical support on...

    ^ Finance IT supports all Investment Bank ...
    • UBS Investment Bank Jobs | Indeed.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.indeed.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Investment Banking Team Browser does not support script.
    • Investment Banking Team 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.stephens.com [Source type: News]

    .Technology has changed considerably in the last few years as more sales and trading desks are using electronic trading.^ Developing countries are expected to account for a robust 11 percent per year rise in technology product sales over the next five years.
    • Foreign direct investment Category - PSD Blog - World Bank Group 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC psdblog.worldbank.org [Source type: News]

    ^ The Securities industry Association reported that institutional sales representatives averaged more than $300,000 a year in earnings.
    • Investment Banking Careers and Job Information - Career Overview.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.careeroverview.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Cut a long story short, my last interview went great and I've got a few more - and I know I'm going to kill those!
    • Investment Banking Interview Questions | Careers | Jobs 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC ibinterviews.com [Source type: General]

    Some trades are initiated by complex algorithms for hedging purposes.

Chinese wall

.An investment bank can also be split into private and public functions with a Chinese wall which separates the two to prevent information from crossing.^ Investment banks help public and private institutions raise capital.
  • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
  • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
  • Industry:Investment Banks 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]

^ Private investment banking .
  • Investment Banking Information | ZoomInfo 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.zoominfo.com [Source type: News]

^ But I don't think the separation of commercial and investment banking put a big role and pres Obama obviously hold that view as well his point was that in Canada.
  • Investment Banking video and audio on brought to you by Boston.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC multimedia.boston.com [Source type: News]

.The private areas of the bank deal with private insider information that may not be publicly disclosed, while the public areas such as stock analysis deal with public information.^ Simply put, investment banks help companies acquire funds, which they get by going public and selling stock or through private equity.
  • Investment Banking - Business Exchange 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC bx.businessweek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Investment Banking: Blog - Business Exchange 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC bx.businessweek.com [Source type: General]
  • Investment Banking - Business Exchange 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC cdn.businessweek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Orme has extensive experience working on a variety of investment banking transactions including mergers and acquisitions, public offerings, and private equity transactions.

^ McCARTY: Involvement in a private deal is a lot different from a public deal.
  • Investment Banker; 12 September 2009 11:31 UTC www.inc.com [Source type: News]

Size of industry

.Global investment banking revenue increased for the fifth year running in 2007, to $84.3 billion.^ Global Investment Banking professional with15+ years of...

^ Global Investment Banking professional with 10+ years of...

^ Global Investment Banking professional with 15+ years of...

[4] .This was up 22% on the previous year and more than double the level in 2003. Despite a record year for fee income, many investment banks have experienced large losses related to their exposure to U.S. sub-prime securities investments.^ View more Bank Investments analysis .

^ Yes, GS is more than Investment Banking.
  • Marginal Revolution: Why do investment bankers get paid so much? 12 September 2009 11:31 UTC www.marginalrevolution.com [Source type: General]

^ Large corporations generally have transactions with four or more investment banks.

.The United States was the primary source of investment banking income in 2007, with 53% of the total, a proportion which has fallen somewhat during the past decade.^ Search Books by subject: Business & Economics Careers / Job Opportunities Business/Economics Banks & Banking Business & Economics / General Careers - Other Specific Fields Investments & Securities - General Banks and banking Investment banking United States Vocational guidance i.e., each book must be in subject 1 AND subject 2 AND ...
  • Amazon.com: Vault Career Guide to Investment Banking, 6th Edition (9781581315325): Tom Lott: Books 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Investment banking - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The primary function of an investment bank is buying and selling products both on behalf of the bank's clients and also for the bank itself.

^ The securities products offered (1) are not insured by the FDIC or any other agency of the United States, (2) are not deposits or other obligations of, or guaranteed by, Bangor Savings Bank, and (3) are subject to investment risk, including possible loss of principal amount invested.
  • Bangor Savings Bank - Investment & Insurance: Investment Mgmt & Trust Services 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.bangor.com [Source type: News]

.Europe (with Middle East and Africa) generated 32% of the total, slightly up on its 30% share a decade ago.^ Edge Act Corporations are permitted to own up to 20 percent of the voting shares or 40 percent of the total equity of a foreign company.
  • FDIC: Banking Review 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.fdic.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ UBS said Scilla Grimble and Roland Phillips were appointed to head its consumer products retail group, Europe, the Middle East and Africa.
  • investment bank hires Entries (The Deal Magazine) 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.thedeal.com [Source type: News]

^ Shares began the trading day on the up-and-up, but reversed direction in the latter portion of the session, falling slightly by 0.20% to $48.26.
  • Investment Bank | Phil’s Stock World 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.philstockworld.com [Source type: General]

.April 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed]Asian countries generated the remaining 15%.^ April 15, 2009 .

.Over the past decade, fee income from the US increased by 80%.^ Over the past two decades, as the pace of globalization quickened, ambiguities increased again.
  • Foreign direct investment Category - PSD Blog - World Bank Group 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC psdblog.worldbank.org [Source type: News]

.April 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] This compares with a 217% increase in Europe and 250% increase in Asia during this period.^ M&A transactions during the next six months will increase moderately compared with today while another 34% believe that things will remain the same.

.April 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] The industry is heavily concentrated in a small number of major financial centres, including London, New York City, Hong Kong and Tokyo.^ The number crunching and research components of finance are in the process of being outsourced while the sales and relationship maintenance aspects will have to remain in New York and London where all the money is.
  • Marginal Revolution: Why do investment bankers get paid so much? 12 September 2009 11:31 UTC www.marginalrevolution.com [Source type: General]

^ Other places you should look at include Hong Kong , Tokyo , London , Moscow and Singapore .
  • Finance Club - Resources > Investment Banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC webuser.bus.umich.edu [Source type: News]

^ Onefater has worked in the investment management industry his entire career in various roles including as a Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and a Chief Operating Officer for a $19 billion investment management firm, and as a National Hedge Fund Director and Partner of a “Big” 4 Professional Services Firm in New York.
  • Expertwitness.com - (investment banking) - INVESTMENT BANKING SPECIALISTS, EXPERTS WITNESSES & FORENSIC CONSULTANTS. 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.expertwitness.com [Source type: News]

.Investment banking is one of the most global industries and is hence continuously challenged to respond to new developments and innovation in the global financial markets.^ Companies in the Investment Banks Industry (34) .
  • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]

^ Email me Investment Banking news.
  • Investment Banking News - Topix 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: News]
  • Investment Banking News - Topix 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: News]

^ Investment Bank - IB financial definition of Investment Bank - IB ...

.New products with higher margins are constantly invented and manufactured by bankers in hopes of winning over clients and developing trading know-how in new markets.^ The sector has been broadly hurt in recent months by weaker financial markets that caused investment losses and higher costs for annuity products that are affected when market values fall.
  • Investment Banking - Money & Investing - Banks.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.banks.com [Source type: General]

^ He has been a director of Petroleum Development Corporation, a publicly-traded natural gas exploration and production company, since 2003.
  • Boenning & Scattergood : Investment Banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.boenninginc.com [Source type: News]

^ Furthermore, investment banking became much more competitive as investment bankers could no longer wait for clients to come to them, but had to endeavor to win new clients and retain old ones.

.However, since these can usually not be patented or copyrighted, they are very often copied quickly by competing banks, pushing down trading margins.^ Although many investment banks manage money for institutions and wealthy individuals, they are very different from "banks" that most people are familiar with.
  • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
  • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
  • Industry:Investment Banks 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]

^ In fact, because the investment banking industry is an intensely performance-focused environment, people are judged very much on what they do, rather than where they come from or who they are.

^ These original share­holders often quickly sell the stock on the stock market for a quick profit - so often, in fact, that it has a special name: flipping IPOs.

.For example, trading bonds and equities for customers is now a commodity business,[citation needed] but structuring and trading derivatives retains higher margins in good times—and the risk of large losses in difficult market conditions, such as the credit crunch that began in 2007. Each over-the-counter contract has to be uniquely structured and could involve complex pay-off and risk profiles.^ The sector has been broadly hurt in recent months by weaker financial markets that caused investment losses and higher costs for annuity products that are affected when market values fall.
  • Investment Banking - Money & Investing - Banks.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.banks.com [Source type: General]

^ Operating in a fast-paced and challenging environment, our trading teams buy and sell a wide variety of financial instruments such as stocks, bonds and derivatives.

^ ShareBuilder.com W Wholesale Markets Brokers' Association, UK The London money brokers product base has grown from routine foreign exchange and money market loans and deposits to embrace bonds, equities and commodities, and their derivatives.
  • Investment Banking and Brokerage Organizations Information | Business.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.business.com [Source type: General]

.Listed option contracts are traded through major exchanges, such as the CBOE, and are almost as commoditized as general equity securities.^ Investment Banking - Financial News Online Daily and weekly news, analysis and comment on the securities & investment banking industry, funds, hedge funds, private equity and trading & technology.

^ Securities or financial instruments include equity or ownership instruments such as stocks where investors own a share of the issuing concern and therefore are entitled to profits.

^ Sales and trading departments serve securities holders, investment banking departments serve governments and organizations that issue securities, and capital markets departments help mediate the securities exchange process.
  • Investment Banking Careers and Job Information - Career Overview.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.careeroverview.com [Source type: News]

.In addition, while many products have been commoditized, an increasing amount of profit within investment banks has come from proprietary trading, where size creates a positive network benefit (since the more trades an investment bank does, the more it knows about the market flow, allowing it to theoretically make better trades and pass on better guidance to clients).^ NEWS ABOUT: investment banks .
  • investment banks – News Stories About investment banks - Page 1 | Newser 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.newser.com [Source type: News]

^ Capital Markets, and investment banking.

^ Trading Trading and Sales are highly sought after investment banking positions.
  • Investment Banking Careers and Job Information - Career Overview.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.careeroverview.com [Source type: News]

.The fastest growing segment of the investment banking industry are private investments into public companies (PIPEs, otherwise known as Regulation D or Regulation S).^ Companies in the Investment Banks Industry (34) .
  • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]

^ Investment in private companies .
  • Novin Investment Bank 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC novinib.com [Source type: News]

^ (Evercore) is an investment banking company.
  • Investment Banking : boutique investment banking Information 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.zoominfo.com [Source type: News]

.Such transactions are privately negotiated between companies and accredited investors.^ Investment banker An investment banker is a person who is either an agent or an underwriter acting as a liaison between the investor and the issuer of new securities such as municipalities and corporations that issue the securities.

^ Private investors and taxpayers will share in the risks and rewards of the program; the funds will be open to all types of investors such as investors in pension funds and mutual funds.
  • Public Private Investment Program | Bad Bank 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.newhomessection.com [Source type: News]

^ Meyers has more than 30 years of experience as an investment banker, assisting scores of companies raise capital in public and private markets and complete M&A transactions .

These PIPE transactions are non-rule 144A transactions. .Large bulge bracket brokerage firms and smaller boutique firms compete in this sector.^ So instead of one big national legal market with a large number of law firms, there are 50 legal markets each with a much smaller number of firms.
  • Half Sigma: Investment banking vs. stucco 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.halfsigma.com [Source type: General]

^ Investment banks are commonly identified as bulge bracket firms such as Morgan Stanley , Merrill Lynch (MER) or Goldman Sachs .
  • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
  • Industry:Investment Banks 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]

^ The Main Difference Between A Bulge Bracket And A Boutique People usually say the size of deals makes the difference.
  • Boutique Vs. Bulge Bracket Investment Banks 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.articlesbase.com [Source type: General]

.Special purpose acquisition companies (SPACs) or blank check corporations have been created from this industry.^ Someone I respect a lot thought my article in the current issue of Fortune about Gil Amelio’s latest venture was “a bit heavy-handed and gossipy.” The article, “A SPAC That Went Splat,” is about a special purpose acquisition company, also known as a blank-check company, organized by some prominent Apple (AAPL) alumni from yesteryear, including Amelio, longtime IBMer (IBM) Ellen Hancock and co-founder Steve Wozniak.

^ He has spent the last 10 years in Corporate Finance, providing equity offering and mergers and acquisitions advisory services to clients in the real estate industry.
  • Investment Banking - Team Bios 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.rwbaird.com [Source type: News]

^ In this capacity, he specializes in structuring mergers and acquisitions, evaluating strategic alternatives, and facilitating public and private offerings of equity and debt for clients in a variety of industries.

[citation needed]

Vertical integration

.In the U.S., the Glass–Steagall Act, initially created in the wake of the Stock Market Crash of 1929, prohibited banks from both accepting deposits and underwriting securities, and led to segregation of investment banks from commercial banks.^ Middle market investment banking .
  • Investment Banking Information | ZoomInfo 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.zoominfo.com [Source type: News]

^ Capital Markets, and investment banking.

^ Glass-Steagall Act, which once separated investment banking from...
  • Investment Banking: Blog - Business Exchange 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC bx.businessweek.com [Source type: General]

Glass–Steagall was effectively repealed for many large financial institutions by the Gramm–Leach–Bliley Act in 1999.
.Another development in recent years has been the vertical integration of debt securitization.^ In those years, as a result of the LDC (less-developed-country) debt crisis, many banks received private equity from developing nations in return for their defaulted loans.
  • FDIC: Banking Review 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.fdic.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a recent paper on Foreign banking in developing countries , Neeltje van Horen shows that 27% of foreign banks in developing countries are owned by a bank from another developing country.
  • Foreign direct investment Category - PSD Blog - World Bank Group 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC psdblog.worldbank.org [Source type: News]

.February 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Previously, investment banks had assisted lenders in raising more lending funds and having the ability to offer longer term fixed interest rates by converting the lenders' outstanding loans into bonds.^ View more Bank Investments analysis .

^ Not all banks offer investment services.
  • Investment Firms: Investment Banking Services | Business.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.business.com [Source type: News]

^ Investment banks raise China forecasts .
  • Gulfnews: Investment banks raise China forecasts 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.gulfnews.com [Source type: News]

.For example, a mortgage lender would make a house loan, and then use the investment bank to sell bonds to fund the debt, the money from the sale of the bonds can be used to make new loans, while the lender accepts loan payments and passes the payments on to the bondholders.^ Email me Investment Banking news.
  • Investment Banking News - Topix 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.topix.net [Source type: News]
  • Investment Banking News - Topix 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.topix.com [Source type: News]

^ Mergers and Acquisitions Investment banks make a lot of their money mediating mergers and acquisitions.
  • Investment Banking Careers and Job Information - Career Overview.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.careeroverview.com [Source type: News]

^ NEWS ABOUT: investment banks .
  • investment banks – News Stories About investment banks - Page 1 | Newser 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.newser.com [Source type: News]

This process is called securitization. .However, lenders have begun to securitize loans themselves, especially in the areas of mortgage loans.^ Typical asset-backs securitize credit card receivables, auto loan receivables or mortgages.
  • Finance Club - Resources > Investment Banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC webuser.bus.umich.edu [Source type: News]

^ More about: financial crisis • Citigroup • subprime mortgages • AIG • JPMorgan Chase • TARP • banks • investment banks • Wells Fargo • mortgage loans • GMAC • subprime lender .
  • investment banks – News Stories About investment banks - Page 1 | Newser 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.newser.com [Source type: News]

.Because of this, and because of the fear that this will continue, many investment banks have focused on becoming lenders themselves,[5] making loans with the goal of securitizing them.^ Lenders have to make loans to make money.
  • Information Arbitrage: Investment Banking 2.0: Into the Future 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.informationarbitrage.com [Source type: General]

^ Not very, judging by the announcement on January 9th by S.G. Warburg, a British investment bank, that it would stop making bond prices to clients except inHOW important is it...
  • Investment Bank: Definition and additional resources from BNET 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC dictionary.bnet.com [Source type: News]

^ Another reform of 1933 was federal legislation compelling commercial banks to separate themselves from their securities affiliates, which had previously played a significant role in investment banking.
  • INVESTMENT BANKING, 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.history.com [Source type: General]

.In fact, in the areas of commercial mortgages, many investment banks lend at loss leader interest rates[citation needed] in order to make money securitizing the loans, causing them to be a very popular financing option for commercial property investors and developers.^ In contrast to investment banks, commercial banks focus on taking deposits and lending.

^ Investment banks differ from commercial banks, which take deposits and make commercial and retail loans.
  • Expertwitness.com - (investment banking) - INVESTMENT BANKING SPECIALISTS, EXPERTS WITNESSES & FORENSIC CONSULTANTS. 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.expertwitness.com [Source type: News]

^ Mergers and Acquisitions Investment banks make a lot of their money mediating mergers and acquisitions.
  • Investment Banking Careers and Job Information - Career Overview.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.careeroverview.com [Source type: News]

.February 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Securitized house loans may have exacerbated the subprime mortgage crisis beginning in 2007, by making risky loans less apparent to investors.^ In the aftermath of the subprime mortgage crisis and ensuing credit crunch, the world of finance is returning to the fundamentals of valuation and critical due diligence.
  • Amazon.com: Investment Banking: Valuation, Leveraged Buyouts, and Mergers and Acquisitions (Wiley Finance) (9780470442203): Joshua Rosenbaum, Joshua Pearl, Joseph R. Perella: Books 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Because of strict government regulations, Canada's banks don't make loans to subprime borrowers.
  • Look North for Promising Bank Investments - WSJ.com 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

^ As the great credit crisis of 2007-2008 finally begins to lose steam, most people still don’t understand what the heck happened.

2008 Financial Crisis

.The financial crisis of 2008 saw the last of the US investment banks which hadn't gone bankrupt or been acquired in a bankrupt-like state convert over to 'bank holding companies' which are eligible for emergency government assistance.^ Companies in the Investment Banks Industry (34) .
  • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]

^ Investment Bank - IB financial definition of Investment Bank - IB ...

^ (Evercore) is an investment banking company.
  • Investment Banking : boutique investment banking Information 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.zoominfo.com [Source type: News]

[6]

Possible conflicts of interest

.Potential conflicts of interest may arise between different parts of a bank, creating the potential for financial movements that could be market manipulation.^ The three most interesting slides for investment banking job seekers fell consecutively between 9-11.

^ A large part of governing in a financial crisis is solving bank problems before they become panics.
  • Lehman's Fate - WSJ.com 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

^ Based on unique priorities and financial goals, individuals can choose high interest savings account rates, customizable banking services and other internet bank account options that will allow for greater banking ease and increase savings potential.
  • Banking & Investment News Releases - PR Leap 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.prleap.com [Source type: News]

.Authorities that regulate investment banking (the FSA in the United Kingdom and the SEC in the United States) require that banks impose a Chinese wall which prohibits communication between investment banking on one side and equity research and trading on the other.^ Anything other than investment banking.
  • Investment Banking Exit Opportunities: The Myth Of The Buyside Job | Mergers & Inquisitions 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.mergersandinquisitions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Swiss Bank ’s Australian investment banking unit, and ...
  • INVESTMENT BANKING - Bank to Wuffli: Not You & Us 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.iimagazine.com [Source type: News]

^ Companies in other countries now turned to the United States for investment banking.

Some of the conflicts of interest that can be found in investment banking are listed here:
.
  • Historically, equity research firms were founded and owned by investment banks.^ Full-service Investment Banking Firm .

    ^ The talks centred on Barclays buying the U.S. investment banking and trading divisions of Lehman, including equities and fixed income, leaving the toxic property-related assets with the bankrupt firm.
    • Barclays gets “core Lehman” assets - Credit Writedowns 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.creditwritedowns.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Effects of Obama’s proposal on alternatives industry significant By: Staff Writer Investment Banking President Obama’s statement calling for banks to be banned from “owning, investing in or sponsoring” private equity and hedge funds could have a very significant impact on the alternatives industry.
    • Investment Banking | CPI Financial 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.cpifinancial.net [Source type: Academic]

    .One common practice is for equity analysts to initiate coverage on a company in order to develop relationships that lead to highly profitable investment banking business.^ It is a leading Swiss online investment bank.

    ^ (Evercore) is an investment banking company.
    • Investment Banking : boutique investment banking Information 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.zoominfo.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Companies in the Investment Banks Industry (36) .
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
    • Industry:Investment Banks 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]

    .In the 1990s, many equity researchers allegedly traded positive stock ratings directly for investment banking business.^ Trading Trading and Sales are highly sought after investment banking positions.
    • Investment Banking Careers and Job Information - Career Overview.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.careeroverview.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Investment banking comprises of many different roles and positions.
    • Investment banking | WikiJob 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikijob.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The changes would prohibit bank holding companies from owning, investing in or sponsoring hedge fund or private equity funds or engaging in proprietary trading.

    .On the flip side of the coin: companies would threaten to divert investment banking business to competitors unless their stock was rated favorably.^ (Evercore) is an investment banking company.
    • Investment Banking : boutique investment banking Information 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.zoominfo.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Companies in the Investment Banks Industry (36) .
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
    • Industry:Investment Banks 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]

    ^ An understanding of the investment banking business .

    Politicians acted to pass laws to criminalize such acts. .Increased pressure from regulators and a series of lawsuits, settlements, and prosecutions curbed this business to a large extent following the 2001 stock market tumble.^ Pressure for more effective legislation following the collapse of the stock market in 1929 led to the passage of the Federal Securities Act of 1933.
    • INVESTMENT BANKING, 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.history.com [Source type: General]

    ^ However, in the years 2000-2001 the stock market and the IPO market became substantially more volatile.
    • FDIC: Banking Review 15 September 2009 22:28 UTC www.fdic.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If you have followed the market over the past year, you know what’s been happening if you’ve been thinking about buying bank stocks .

    .February 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed]
  • Many investment banks also own retail brokerages.^ Investment banks do not have retail locations where they accept deposits and create accounts for the average consumer.
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
    • Industry:Investment Banks 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Investment banks may also differ from brokerages, which in general assist in the purchase and sale of stocks, bonds, and mutual funds.
    • Expertwitness.com - (investment banking) - INVESTMENT BANKING SPECIALISTS, EXPERTS WITNESSES & FORENSIC CONSULTANTS. 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.expertwitness.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Although many investment banks manage money for institutions and wealthy individuals, they are very different from "banks" that most people are familiar with.
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
    • Industry:Investment Banks 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]
    • Industry:Investment Banks 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: News]

    .Also during the 1990s, some retail brokerages sold consumers securities which did not meet their stated risk profile.^ COMPLETE LIE: "These securities do not need to be registered with the U.S. Securities & Exchange Commission or the State Securities Commission of the state wherein they are marketed or sold."
    • Bank Debentures & High-Yield Investment Programs: The hottest scam going - scam artists capitalize on your greed by promising you 50% per week or better interest, but they are really just keeping your money and sending you a bogus statement. Just try to get your cash back! 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.quatloos.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Up until World War I, the United States was a debtor nation and U.S. investment bankers had to rely on European investment bankers and investors to share risk and underwrite U.S. securities.

    ^ During his career, Bill has led numerous higher profile Middle Market Restructuring engagements throughout the United States.
    • Investment Banking - Team Bios 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.rwbaird.com [Source type: News]

    .This behavior may have led to investment banking business or even sales of surplus shares during a public offering to keep public perception of the stock favorable.
  • Since investment banks engage heavily in trading for their own account, there is always the temptation or possibility that they might engage in some form of front running.^ Trading Trading and Sales are highly sought after investment banking positions.
    • Investment Banking Careers and Job Information - Career Overview.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.careeroverview.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Not all banks offer investment services.
    • Investment Firms: Investment Banking Services | Business.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.business.com [Source type: News]

    ^ While their shares trade at a premium to many rival bank stocks, they're worth it.
    • Look North for Promising Bank Investments - WSJ.com 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC online.wsj.com [Source type: General]

    Front running is the illegal practice of a stock broker executing orders on a security for their own account before filling orders previously submitted by their customers, thereby benefiting from any changes in prices induced by those orders.

Further reading

  • DePamphilis, Donald (2008). .Mergers, Acquisitions, and Other Restructuring Activities.^ An investment bank may also provide other services, such as professional advice, working with merger s & acquisition s, and private wealth management .
    • Investment banking | WikiJob 2 February 2010 15:015 UTC www.wikijob.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Financial Technology Partners is an investment bank providing merger & acquisition, divestiture, restructuring, capital raising and valuation services to ...

    ^ An investment firm can be a great mediator for mergers, acquisitions and other investor services.
    • Investment Firms: Investment Banking Services | Business.com 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.business.com [Source type: News]

    .New York: Elsevier, Academic Press.^ New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

    pp. 740. ISBN 978-0-12-374012-0.
     
  • Cartwright, Susan; Schoenberg, Richard (2006). ."Thirty Years of Mergers and Acquisitions Research: Recent Advances and Future Opportunities". British Journal of Management 17 (S1): S1–S5. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8551.2006.00475.x. 
  • Harwood, I. A. (2006).^ He is Head of Baird's Global Mergers & Acquisitions activities, co-head of the Chicago office and a member of the firm's Investment Banking Management Committee and M&A Fairness Opinion Committee.
    • Investment Banking - Team Bios 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.rwbaird.com [Source type: News]

    ^ He has spent the last 10 years in Corporate Finance, providing equity offering and mergers and acquisitions advisory services to clients in the real estate industry.
    • Investment Banking - Team Bios 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.rwbaird.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Brian has worked on mergers and acquisitions transactions valued at more than $40 billion and completed more than $10 billion of public capital markets offerings.
    • Investment Banking - Team Bios 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.rwbaird.com [Source type: News]

    ."Confidentiality constraints within mergers and acquisitions: gaining insights through a 'bubble' metaphor". British Journal of Management 17 (4): 347–359. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8551.2005.00440.x. 
  • Rosenbaum, Joshua; Joshua Pearl (2009).^ He is Head of Baird's Global Mergers & Acquisitions activities, co-head of the Chicago office and a member of the firm's Investment Banking Management Committee and M&A Fairness Opinion Committee.
    • Investment Banking - Team Bios 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.rwbaird.com [Source type: News]

    ^ He has spent the last 10 years in Corporate Finance, providing equity offering and mergers and acquisitions advisory services to clients in the real estate industry.
    • Investment Banking - Team Bios 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.rwbaird.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Brian has worked on mergers and acquisitions transactions valued at more than $40 billion and completed more than $10 billion of public capital markets offerings.
    • Investment Banking - Team Bios 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.rwbaird.com [Source type: News]

    .Investment Banking: Valuation, Leveraged Buyouts, and Mergers & Acquisitions.^ Corporate Capital Markets;#95;#Value Recovery Services;#19;#Real Estate Investment Banking;#76;#Investment Sales .

    ^ During the 1920s, the number and value of securities offerings increased when investment banks began raising money for a variety of emerging industries: automotive, aviation, and radio.

    ^ Must Read: Investment Banking: Valuation, LBOs and M&A .

    Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-470-44220-4. 
  • Straub, Thomas (2007). .Reasons for frequent failure in Mergers and Acquisitions: A comprehensive analysis.^ Corporate Finance Advisory The Investment Banking Group provides a comprehensive range of Corporate Finance Advisory services in the Debt Capital Markets, including Mergers and Acquisitions and Project Finance Advisory.
    • JS Bank Limited - Investment Banking 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.jsbl.com [Source type: News]

    ^ The merger model is an analysis of the trade-offs between using cash, stock, or debt to finance an acquisition .
    • The Investment Banking Interview: Superday Guide | Mergers & Inquisitions 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.mergersandinquisitions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ J. David Cumberland, CFA Director, Mergers & Acquisitions Research David is a Director in Baird's Mergers & Acquisitions group, where he focuses on M&A market analysis.
    • Investment Banking - Team Bios 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.rwbaird.com [Source type: News]

    Wiesbaden: Deutscher Universitätsverlag. ISBN 9783835008441.
     
  • Scott, Andy (2008). China Briefing: Mergers and Acquisitions in China (2nd ed.). 

References

See also


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 13, 2010

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