Invincible (Michael Jackson album): Wikis

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Invincible
Studio album by Michael Jackson
Released October 30, 2001
Recorded October 1997 – August 2001
Genre R&B, Hip-Hop, electronic, adult contemporary, urban, soul, funk
Length 77:08
Label Epic
EK-69400
Producer Michael Jackson, Rodney Jerkins, Teddy Riley, Andraeo "Fanatic" Heard, Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds, R. Kelly, Dr. Freeze
Michael Jackson chronology
Blood on the Dance Floor
(1997)
Invincible
(2001)
Number Ones
(2003)
Singles from Invincible
  1. "You Rock My World"
    Released: October 20, 2001
  2. "Butterflies"
    Released: November 8, 2001
  3. "Cry"
    Released: December 3, 2001

Invincible is the tenth, and final, studio album by American recording artist Michael Jackson. The album was released by Epic Records on October 30, 2001. Invincible was the first release of new Jackson material since Blood on the Dance Floor in 1997 and first studio album in five years since HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I. Jackson, Rodney Jerkins, R. Kelly and Teddy Riley, among others, received producing and writing credits. Similar to Jackson's previous material, Invincible's sixteen songs theme consist mainly of Jackson's personal experiences, romance and paranoia. The album art, an image of Jackson's face, was available in five different colors; red, green, orange, blue and silver. Invincible was generally well received by contemporary music critics.

The album released three singles; "You Rock My World", "Cry" and "Butterflies", "Butterflies" of which was released outside of the United States. The albums first and last singles charted within the top ten on the Billboard Hot 100 Chart, as well as peaking at number one and within the top ten worldwide. "Cry" was less commercially successful. Following a conflict between Jackson and his record label, Sony Music stopped promoting the album. The album was the recipient of one Grammy Award nomination, for Best Pop Vocal Performance - Male, as well as being voted, by readers of Billboard magazine, the best album of the decade.

The album was a commercial success; peaking at number one in eleven territories worldwide, notably including the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, France and Switzerland. Invincible charted within the top ten in six other territories, while it's least successful charting area was Mexico, where the album peaked at number twenty nine. Invincible re-entered music charts in 2004, and again in 2009 after Jackson's death. Despite the reported worldwide sales of ten million copies, the album has been viewed as a commercial failure compared to Jackson's previous albums sales.

Contents

Conception

During Jackson's time as a member of The Jackson 5, he frequent wrote material for the group and began working on projects as a solo artist, which eventually led to recording independent studio albums, notably including Off The Wall (1979) and Thriller (1982). The success of Thriller, which currently is the best selling album of all time with the sales of a reported 110 million units, often over shadowed Jackson's other projects. Prior to the release of Invincible, Jackson had not released any new material since Blood on the Dance Floor: HIStory in the Mix in 1997, or a studio album since HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I in 1995, leading to Invincible often being looked at as Jackson's 'career come back'.[1]

Jackson began recording new material for the album in October 1997, and finished with the albums recordings with You Are My Life being recorded only eight weeks before the albums release in August 2001.[2] Jackson had shown interest in including a rapper on at least one song, and had noted that he did not want a 'known rapper'.[2] Jackson's spokesperson suggested New Jersey rapper named Fats; after Jackson heard the finished product of the song, the two agreed to recorded another song together for the album.[2] Rodney Jerkins stated that Jackson was looking to record material in a different musical direction than his previous work, describing the new direction as "edgier".[2]

Jackson received credit for both writing and producing a majority of the songs on Invincible. Aside from Jackson, the album features productions by Jerkins, Teddy Riley, Andraeo "Fanatic" Heard, Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds, R. Kelly and Dr. Freeze and writing credits from Kelly, Fred Jerkins III, LaShawn Daniels, Nora Payne and Robert Smith.[3] Invincible is the third collaboration between Jackson and Riley, the other two being Dangerous and HIStory. Invincible is Jackson's tenth and final studio album to have been recorded and released.[2] It was reported that it cost thirty million dollars to make Invincible.[4] The cover of Invincible was issued in five different colors; silver, red, blue, orange and green. Although, currently, the album being issued in red, blue orange and green have been discontinued.

Invincible is dedicated to the fifteen year old Afro-Norwegian boy Benjamin "Benny" Hermansen who was stabbed to death by a group of neo-Nazis in Oslo, Norway, in January 2001.[5] The reason for this tribute was partly due to the fact that another Oslo youth, Omer Bhatti, Jackson's friend and once alleged son, was also a good friend of Hermansen.[5] The dedication in the album reads, "Michael Jackson gives "special thanks": This album is dedicated to Benjamin "Benny" Hermansen. May we continue to remember not to judge man by the color of his skin, but the content of his Character. Benjamin ... we love you ... may you rest in peace."[5] The album is also dedicated to Jackson's grandmother Nicholette Sottile and his parents Joseph and Katherine Jackson.[5]

Composition

Problems listening to these files? See media help.

Invincibles songs musical style was credited as being R&B, hip hop, dance-pop, adult contemporary, urban.[6] Fourteen out of the albums sixteen tracks were written by Jackson. The albums full length is seventy seven minutes eight seconds. The sixteen songs lyrical themes reflect on Jackson's personal experiences, which manly consist of romance, paranoia, invasion of privacy and threatening situations.[6] It was noted that albums songs genres shift between the aggressive songs and the ballads.[7]

Invincible opens with "Unbreakable"; the last line in the first verse recites the lyrics, "With all that I've been through/I'm still around".[6] "Threatened" was viewed as having being a 'story teller'.[6] "Threatened"s lyrics were viewed as a "Thriller redux".[7] The song "You Are My Life", pertains to being in love as well as the person you love supporting you, which can be seen in the lyrics, which finds him singing lines like, "You are the sun, you make me shine, more than the stars."[7]

"Privacy", a reflection of his own personal experiences, is about battling media invasions and tabloid inaccuracies.[6] "The Lost Children," is about imperiled children.[6] Jackson sings in a third person in "Whatever Happens", the songs lyrics, described as a "jagged intensity", narrate the story of two people involved an unnamed threatening situation.[6] Invincible has four ballads; "You Are My Life", "Butterflies", "Don't Walk Away" and "Cry".[6] "Cry", similar to Jackson's Man in the Mirror, are about wanting to help the world, but acknowledging that you can not do it alone.[1] "Butterflies" and "Break of Dawn" lyrics were viewed as "glaringly" and being able to "emanate" it's listeners.[7]

Sony Music contract issues

Jackson was waiting for the licenses to the masters of his albums to revert back to him, thus allowing him to promote his old material and preventing Sony from getting a cut of the profit. Jackson expected this to occur early in the new millennium, however, due to the fine print and various clauses in the contract, the revert date is still many years away. Jackson began an investigation, and it emerged that the attorney who represented the singer in the deal was also representing Sony, creating a conflict of interest.[8] Jackson was also concerned about another conflict of interest. For a number of years, Sony had been negotiating to buy Jackson's music catalog. If Jackson's career or financial situation were to deteriorate, it would be in Jackson's financial interest to sell his catalog. Thus, Sony had something to gain from Jackson's career failing.[9] Jackson was able to use these conflicts as leverage to exit his contract early.[8]

Just before the release of Invincible, Jackson informed the head of Sony Music Entertainment, Tommy Mottola he was leaving the record label.[8] As a result, all singles releases, video shootings and promotions concerning the Invincible album were cancelled. Jackson made allegations in July 2002 that Mottola was a "devil" and a "racist" who did not support his African-American artists, using them merely for his own personal gain.[4][8] He charged that Mottola had called his colleague Irv Gotti a "fat black nigger".[10] Sony disputed claims that they had failed to promote Invincible with sufficient energy, maintaining that Jackson refused to tour in the United States.[11] The singer accused Sony and the record industry of racism, deliberately not promoting or actively working against promotion of his album.[12]

Promotion and singles

It was reported that the album had a budget of twenty five million dollars to promote the album.[4][13] To help promote the album, a special 30th Anniversary celebration at Madison Square Garden occurred in September 2001 to mark the singer's 30th year as a solo artist. Jackson, performed songs from Invincible and his appearance onstage alongside his brothers was for the first time since The Jackson 5s Victory Tour in 1984.[14] The show also featured performances by Britney Spears, Mýa, Usher, Whitney Houston, Tamia, 'N Sync, and Slash, among other artists.[15] The show aired on CBS in November 2001, as a two-hour television special.

The album spawned three singles, "You Rock My World", "Cry" and "Butterflies". "Cry" was released outside the United Sates and "Butterflies" did not have a music video. "You Rock My World" was released in late October 2001. The albums lead single. "You Rock My World", peaked within the top ten on the Billboard Hot 100 Singles Chart, at number ten in its third week of release.[16] The song was more successful internationally, mainly charting within the top five and charted within the top ten in twelve territories.[17] "You Rock My World" peaked at number one France, and number two in Norwegian, Finland, Danish, Belgium as well as number three in Italy, number four in Australia, and five in Sweden and Switzerland.[17]

The albums second single, "Butterflies" was released in early November 2001. "Butterflies" later peaked within the top twenty at number fourteen on the Billboard Hot 100 and at two for five weeks on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles Chart.[16] Internationally, "Cry" mainly charted within the top forty; the songs most successful territories were Danish, France and Belgium, charting at number sixteen, thirty and thirty one.[18] "Heaven Can Wait" also charted at the bottom of the R&B/Hip-Hop Charts at number seventy two due to radio airplay without an official release.; the song did not chart internationally.[16] "Unbreakable" was suppose to be released as the albums fourth single, but was canceled for unspecified reasons.[19]

Chart and commercial performance

Invincible was Jackson's first studio album to be released in six years since HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I in 1995.[20] In the album's first week of release, with the sales of 363,000 units, the album debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 on the charts issue date of November 17, 2001.[20][21] Invincible was Jackson's fifth number one entry on the Billboard 200,[20] and the fourth to chart at number one in its debut week as a solo artist. Despite the first week sales of Invincible being good, the album sold less than HIStory in its opening week, with the album having sold 391,000 units.[20] Invincible also charted at number one on Billboards R&B/Hip Hop Albums Chart for four weeks.[22] After eight weeks of release, in December 2001, Invincible was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for the sales of five hundred thousand units.[23] In the same month the album was certified platinum for the sale of one million units.[23] On January 25, 2002, the album was certified two times platinum for the sales of two million units.[23]

Internationally, Invincible was a commercial success. The album peaked at number one in twelve countries worldwide,[20] including the United Kingdom, Australia, Belgium, Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian, Sweden and Switzerland.[20][24] Invincible also charted within the top ten in several countries, including Austria, Canada, Finland, Italy, New Zealand, and Norway.[24] Mexico was the album's least successful charting territory, peaking within the top thirty at number twenty nine.[24] The album has reportedly sold thirteen million units worldwide.[25] However, the sales for Invincible were notably low compared to his previous releases, due in part to a diminishing pop music industry, the lack of promotion, no supporting world tour and the label dispute.[9] Commenting on the sales of Invincible back in late 2003, Bernard Zuel of The Sydney Morning Herald stated:

"Holly Valance or Delta Goodrem would think their Christmases had come at once if they sold five or six million copies of their albums worldwide. Michael Jackson did something similar in the past two years with his seventh solo album, Invincible, and he's been branded a failure in the industry and the media. Unfair? Yes, of course, because his Invincible figures are better than those for 95 per cent of the thousands of artists released each year and would provide a healthy retirement fund for anyone. What's more, that failure tag is consistently applied by comparisons with his 1982 album, Thriller, which has sold about 100 million copies and its follow-ups, Bad, that sold about 30 million copies. However, selling 10 million copies is still phenomenal compared to the album sales of most artists."[12]

In 2004, Invincible re-entered Billboard charts. Invincible placed at 154 on the Billboard 200 on December 4, 2004.[26] The album also peaked at number forty eight on the Billboards R&B/Hip Hop Albums Chart on the charts issue date of December 4.[26] Following Jackson's death in June 2009, his music experienced a surge in popularity.[27] Invincible charted at number twelve on Billboards Digital Albums Chart on July 11, 2009.[28] Having not charted on the chart prior to its peak position, Invincible was listed as the ninth biggest jump on that chart that week.[28] Invincible also charted within the top ten, peaking at number nine, on Billboard's Catalog Albums Chart on the issue date of July 18.[26] On the week of July 19, 2009, Invincible charted at number eighteen in Italy.[29] Invincible peaked at number sixty four on the European Albums Chart on the charts issue date of July 25.[30] The album also charted at number twenty nine in Mexico in July,[31] and eighty four on the Swiss Albums Chart on July 19, 2009.[32]

Internationally, Invincible has received multiple certifications. Invincible was certified platinum by the British Phonographic Industry, for the sales of over 300,000 units in the United Kingdom.[33] The album was certified platinum by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) for the sales of 40,000 units in Switzerland.[34] The IFPI also certified the album gold in Austria for the sales of 15,000 units.[35] Australian Recording Industry Association certified Invincible two times platinum for the sales of 140,000 units in Australia.[36] Other certifications include, a gold certification from Argentine Chamber of Phonograms and Videograms Producers for the sales of 40,000 units in Argentina.[37]

Critical and public reception

 Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 3/5 stars link
Entertainment.ie 3/5 stars link
Entertainment Weekly (C-) link
The Guardian 2/5 stars link
The New York Times (mixed) link
NME 6/10 stars link
Q 3/5 stars link
Robert Christgau (A-) link
Rolling Stone 3/5 stars link
Yale Daily News (positive) link

Invincible was generally well received by contemporary music critics. A recurring element from music critics was that some felt that Invincible was one of Jackson's least impressive records, mostly because of its length of nearly eighty minutes. Stephen Thomas Erlewine, a writer for Allmusic, gave the album three out of five stars, commenting that Invincible had a "spark" and "sound better than anything Jackson has done since Dangerous [in 1991]."[1] Erlewine noted that while the album had good material it was "not enough to make Invincible the comeback Jackson needed - he really would have had to have an album that sounded free instead of constrained for that to work - but it does offer a reminder that he can really craft good pop."[1] James Hunter, a writer for Rolling Stone, gave Invincible three out of five stars, generally praising the albums songs, but noted that the album's later ballads made the record too long.[6] Hunter also commented that Jackson and Riley made Invincible "something really handsome and smart", allowing listeners "to concentrate on the track's momentous rhythms" such as "Santana's passionate interjections and Lubbock's wonderfully arranged symphonic sweeps".[6]

Mark Beaumont, a writer for NME, gave the record six out of ten, stating, "Invincible is a relevant and rejuvenated comeback album made overlong".[38] Reviewer Robert Christgau gave the album an "A-", commenting Jackson's skills as a musician are often forgotten, but noting that the album seemed too long compared to other of Jackson's albums.[39] While Christgau felt some material was "offensive", he described the albums first three tracks as being the "Rodney Jerkins of the year" adding that he did not "believe the [albums] hype matters".[39] David Browne, a writer for Entertainment Weekly, rated the album a "C-" commenting that Invincible is Jackson's "first album since Off the Wall that offers virtually no new twists" but remarked that he album "feels like an anthology of his less-than-greatest hits".[7] Invincible received one Grammy Award nomination at the 2002 ceremony. The album's song "You Rock My World" was nominated for "Best Pop Vocal Performance - Male", but lost to James Taylor's "Don't Let Me Be Lonely Tonight".[40]

Shortly after the release of Invincible, in a poll conducted by Billboard magazine, "an overwhelming majority" of people - 79% of 5,195 voters - were not surprised by Invincible entering the Billboard 200 at number one.[41] Billboard also reported that 44% agreed with the statement, "Self-proclaimed or not, Jackson is still the King of Pop." Another 35% said they weren't surprised by the albums ranking, but doubted Invincible would hold on for a second week at the top of the chart.[41] Only 12% of people who responded the poll said they were surprised by the album's charting debut because of Jackson's career over past six years and another 9% were taken aback by the album's success, due to light of the negativity that preceded the album's release.[41] In December 2009, readers of Billboard magazine voted Invincible as the best album of the decade, from their readers poll.[42]

Track listing

Standard/CD/Digital download/MP3 download
Track Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Unbreakable" (featuring The Notorious B.I.G.; background vocals by Brandy Norwood) Jackson, Jerkins, Jerkins III, Daniels, Payne, Smith 6:26
2. "Heartbreaker"   Jackson, Jerkins, Jerkins III, Daniels, Mischke, Gregg 5:09
3. "Invincible"   Jackson, Montague, Daniels, Gregg, Jerkins, Jerkins 4:46
4. "Break of Dawn"   Jackson, Dr. Freeze 5:30
5. "Heaven Can Wait"   Jackson, Riley, Andraeo "Fanatic" Heard, Smith, Teron Beal, Laues, Quiller 4:49
6. "You Rock My World"   Jackson, Daniels, Jerkins, Jerkins, Payne 5:39
7. "Butterflies"   Harris, Ambrosius 4:40
8. "Speechless"   Jackson 3:18
9. "2000 Watts" (backing vocals by Teddy Riley) Jackson, Riley, Gibson, Henson 4:24
10. "You Are My Life"   Jackson, Babyface, Sager, McClain 4:33
11. "Privacy" (guitar solo by Slash) Jackson, Belle, Daniels, Jerkins, Jerkins 5:05
12. "Don't Walk Away"   Jackson, Riley, Stites, Vertelney 4:24
13. "Cry" (also titled "Cry (We Can Change the World)") R. Kelly 5:00
14. "The Lost Children"   Jackson 4:00
15. "Whatever Happens" (guitar by Carlos Santana) Jackson, Riley, Quay, Williams 4:56
16. "Threatened" (contains snippets of Rod Serling) Jackson, Jerkins, Jerkins III, Daniels 4:18
77:08

Charts and certifications

Chart (2001/2002) Peak
position
Certification Sales/Shipments
Argentinian Albums Chart Gold[37] 20,000+
Australian Albums Chart 1[24] 2x Platinum[36] 140,000+
Austrian Albums Chart 2[24] Gold[35] 15,000+
Belgium Album Charts 1[20]
Canadian Top 50 3[26]
Danish Albums Chart 1[24]
Dutch Albums Chart 1[24] Platinum[43] 60,000+
Finnish Albums Chart 7[24]
French Albums Chart 1[44] Platinum[45] 575,000+
German Albums Chart 1[20]
Italian Albums Chart 2[24]
Mexican Albums Chart 29[24]
New Zealand Albums Chart 4[24] Platinum[46] 15,000+
Norwegian Albums Chart 1[24] Platinum[47] 30,000+
Poland Gold [48] 30,000+
Portuguese Albums Chart 8[24] Gold[49] 20,000+
Swedish Albums Chart 1[24] Gold[50] 40,000+
Swiss Albums Chart 1[24] Platinum[34] 40,000+
UK Albums Chart 1[33] Platinum[51] 300,000+
United States Billboard 200 1[21] 2x Platinum[23] 2,000,000+
United States Billboard R&B/Hip Hop Album 1[26]
Chart (2004) Peak
position
United States Billboard 200 154[26]
United States Billboard R&B/Hip Hop Album 48[26]
Chart (2009) Peak
position
Australian Albums Chart 43[52]
European Albums Chart 64[30]
Italian Albums Chart 18[29]
Mexican AMPROFON Top 100 Albums 29[31]
Swiss Albums Chart 84[32]
Billboard Catalogue Albums Chart 9[26]
Billboard Digital Albums Chart 12[28]

Chart procession and succession

Preceded by
The Great Depression by DMX
Billboard 200 number-one album
November 17, 2001 – November 23, 2001
Succeeded by
Britney by Britney Spears
Preceded by
Gold: The Greatest Hits by Steps
UK number one album
November 10, 2001 – November 16, 2001
Succeeded by
Gold: The Greatest Hits by Steps
Preceded by
Fever by Kylie Minogue
Australian ARIA Albums Chart number-one album
November 5, 2001 – November 11, 2001
Succeeded by
The Album by Bob the Builder

References

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  2. ^ a b c d e Brian Hiatt (2000-12-21). "Michael Jackson Nearing Completion Of New LP". MTV.com. Viacom. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1435389/20001221/jackson_michael.jhtml. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  3. ^ Invincible liner notes Epic Records (2001).
  4. ^ a b c Jennifer Vineyard (2002-07-02). "Michael Jackson Shocks Al Sharpton By Calling Tommy Mottola A Racist". MTV.com. Viacom. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1455976/20020708/jackson_michael.jhtml. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  5. ^ a b c d Liz McNamaba (2001-10-23). "Jacko dedicates Invincible to Benjamin". Aftenposten.no. Schibsted ASA. http://www.aftenposten.no/english/local/article216474.ece. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
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  8. ^ a b c d Taraborrelli, p. 610–611
  9. ^ a b Taraborrelli, p. 614–617
  10. ^ Jermaine Jackson (2002-12-31). "Interview with Jermaine Jackson". Connie Chung Tonight. Time Warner Inc. http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0212/31/cct.00.html. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 
  11. ^ Oliver Burkeman (2002-07-08). "Jacko gets tough: but is he a race crusader or just a falling star?". Guardian.co.uk. Guardian Media Group. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2002/jul/08/oliverburkeman. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  12. ^ a b Bernard Zuel (2003-11-20). "Falling star". SMH.com. Fairfax Media. http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2003/11/19/1069027185212.html. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  13. ^ Katherine Laidlaw (2009-06-25). "Key Facts about Michael Jackson's life". NationalPost.com. CanWest Global Communications). http://www.nationalpost.com/arts/michael-jackson/story.html?id=1732696. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  14. ^ Tania Branigan (2001-09-08). "Jackson spends £20m to be Invincible". Guardian.co.uk. Guardian Media Group. http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2001/sep/08/taniabranigan. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  15. ^ George, p. 50–53
  16. ^ a b c "allmusic ((( Invincible > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles )))". Allmusic.com. Rovi Corporation. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:3cfrxqw0ldhe~T31. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  17. ^ a b "Michael Jackson - You Rock My World (chanson)". LescCharts.com. Hung Medien. http://www.lescharts.com/showitem.asp?interpret=Michael+Jackson&titel=You+Rock+My+World&cat=s. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
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  19. ^ Invincible pack-on-stocker Epic Records (2001).
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  25. ^ Tamara Conniff (2009-08-30). "We Killed Michael Jackson". HuffingtonPost.com. HuffingtonPost.com, Inc. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/tamara-conniff/we-killed-michael-jackson_b_272174.html. Retrieved 2009-08-30. 
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  29. ^ a b "Classifica settimanale dal 13/07/2009 al 19/07/2009". FIMI.it. Federation of the Italian Music Industry. http://www.fimi.it/classifiche_result_artisti.php?anno=2009&mese=07&id=256. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  30. ^ a b "Week of July 25, 2009: Biggest Jump". Billboard.com. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. http://www.billboard.com/#/charts/european-albums?chartDate=2009-07-25&order=gainer. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
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Further sources


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