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Inyo County, California
Seal of Inyo County, California
Map of California highlighting Inyo County
Location in the state of California
Map of the U.S. highlighting California
California's location in the U.S.
Seat Independence
Largest city Bishop
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

10,227 sq mi (26,488 km²)

24 sq mi (62 km²), 0.23%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

17,945
3/sq mi (1/km²)
Founded 1866
Website www.countyofinyo.org

Inyo County is located in east-central California in the southwestern United States, on the east side of the Sierra Nevada Mountains and southeast of Yosemite National Park. As of 2000 the county had a population of 17,945. The county seat is Independence.

Mount Whitney, the highest peak in the lower 48 states, is located on Inyo County's western border (with Tulare County). Badwater in Death Valley National Park, the lowest point in North America, is also located in the county. The two points are not visible from each other, but both can be observed from the Panamint Range on the west side of Death Valley.

Contents

History

Inyo County was formed in 1866 from the territory of the unorganized Coso County created in April 4, 1864 from parts of Mono and Tulare Counties.[1] It acquired more territory from Mono County in 1870 and Kern County and San Bernardino County in 1872.

The county derived its name from the Native American name for the mountains in its area. The meaning of the word inyo is "dwelling place of the great spirit."

Natural history

Inyo County is host to a number of natural superlatives. Among them are:

Owens Valley and the Sierra Escarpment.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 10,227 square miles (26,488 km²), of which 10,203 sq mi (26,426 km²) is land and 24 sq mi (62 km²) is water. It is a relatively large county. It is the second largest in California and the tenth largest in the nation (excluding boroughs and census areas in Alaska).

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Cities and towns

Inyo County, California (ca. 1872-1873) by Albert Bierstadt (1830-1902)

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Transportation Infrastructure

Major highways

County Routes

Inyo County Route J41

Public transportation

Eastern Sierra Transit Authority operates intercity bus service along U.S. 395, as well as local services in Bishop. Service extends south to Ridgecrest (Kern County) and north to Reno, Nevada.

Airports

Bishop Airport, Independence Airport, Lone Pine Airport and Shoshone Airport are general aviation airports located near their respective cities. Stovepipe Wells Airport and Furnace Creek Airport are located in Death Valley National Park.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 17,945 people, 7,703 households, and 4,937 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 9,042 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.06% White, 0.16% Black or African American, 10.04% Native American, 0.91% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 4.60% from other races, and 4.15% from two or more races. 12.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.4% were of German, 12.2% English, 10.6% Irish and 5.0% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 89.2% spoke English and 9.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 7,703 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,006, and the median income for a family was $44,970. Males had a median income of $37,270 versus $25,549 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,639. About 9.30% of families and 12.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.00% of those under age 18 and 8.30% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Presidential election results
Year GOP DEM Others
2008 52.9% 3,833 44.3% 3,208 2.8% 202
2004 59.1% 5,091 38.9% 3,350 2.0% 175
2000 60.3% 4,713 33.9% 2,652 5.8% 450
1996 51.8% 3,924 34.4% 2,601 13.8% 1,044
1992 43.6% 3,689 31.8% 2,695 24.6% 2,080
1988 64.3% 5,042 33.9% 2,653 1.8% 142
1984 70.3% 5,863 28.3% 2,360 1.4% 115
1980 64.8% 5,201 25.9% 2,080 9.3% 736
1976 58.2% 3,905 39.3% 2,635 2.5% 166
1972 68.1% 4,873 28.0% 2,006 3.9% 280
1968 54.5% 3,641 34.6% 2,314 10.9% 732
1964 46.5% 2,751 53.4% 3,161 0.1% 3
1960 54.6% 2,962 45.1% 2,443 0.3% 15

Inyo is a strongly Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Lyndon Johnson in 1964.

Inyo is part of California's 25th congressional district, which is held by Republican Buck McKeon. In the state legislature, Inyo is part of the 34th Assembly district, which is held by Republican Connie Conway, and the 18th Senate district, which is held by Republican Roy Ashburn.

On Nov. 4, 2008 Inyo County voted 60.4 % for Proposition 8 which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages.

Education

School district in Inyo County are:

Notable locations

  • Myers Ranch
  • Emigrant Ranger Station
  • Mushroom Rock
  • Lake Inlet Campground
  • Mountain Glen Campground
  • Joshua Ridge Facility
  • Mazourka Canyon
  • Father Crowley Viewpoint
  • Juniper Campground
  • Sage Flat Campground
  • First Falls Campground
  • Sabrina Campground
  • Fish Springs State Fish Hatchery
  • Ryan Widow
  • Five Bridge
  • Russell Camp
  • Lake Outlet Campground
  • Forks Campground
  • Fort Independence Campground
  • Fossil Campground
  • Andrews Camp

Lakes

  • Weir Lake
  • Camp Lake
  • Inconsolable Lake
  • Cottonwood Lakes
  • Wishbone Lake
  • Rock Creek Lake
  • Granite Lake
  • Robinson Lake

Parks

  • Alabama Hills Recreation Area
  • Owens Lake-Silver Lead Furnace Historical Marker
  • Manzanar National Historic Site

Death Valley National Park

Death Valley National Park is a mostly arid United States National Park located east of the Sierra Nevada mountain range in southern Inyo County and northern San Bernardino County in California, with a small extension into southwestern Nye County and extreme southern Esmeralda County in Nevada. In addition, there is an exclave (Devil's Hole) in southern Nye County. The park covers 5,262 square miles (13,630 km2), encompassing Saline Valley, a large part of Panamint Valley, almost all of Death Valley, and parts of several mountain ranges.[3] Death Valley National Monument was proclaimed in 1933, placing the area under federal protection. In 1994, the monument was redesignated a national park, as well as being substantially expanded to include Saline and Eureka Valleys.[3]

It is the hottest and driest of the national parks in the United States. It also features the second-lowest point in the Western Hemisphere and the lowest point in North America at Badwater, which is 282 feet (86 m) below sea level. It is home to many species of plants and animals that have adapted to this harsh desert environment. Some examples include Creosote Bush, Bighorn Sheep, Coyote, and the Death Valley Pupfish, a survivor of much wetter times. Approximately 95% of the park is designated as wilderness.[4] Death Valley National Park is visited annually by more than 770,000 visitors who come to enjoy its diverse geologic features, desert wildlife, historic sites, scenery, clear night skies and the solitude of the extreme desert environment.

References

  1. ^ California, Theodore Henry Hittell, The general laws of the State of California, from 1850 to 1864, H.H. Bancroft, San Francisco, 1865. p.190
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ a b National Park Index (2001–2003), p. 26
  4. ^ NPS website, "Backcountry Roads"

External links

Coordinates: 36°35′N 117°29′W / 36.59°N 117.48°W / 36.59; -117.48


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Please help to improve this page yourself if you can..
Inyo County, California
Seal of Inyo County, California
Map
File:Map of California highlighting Inyo County.png
Location in the state of California
Map of the USA highlighting California
California's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1866
Seat Independence
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.23%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

17945
Website: www.countyofinyo.org

Inyo County is located in east-central California in the southwestern United States, on the east side of the Sierra Nevada Mountains and south of Yosemite National Park. As of 2000 the county had a population of 17,945. The county seat is Independence.

Mount Whitney, the highest peak in the lower 48 states, is located in Inyo County. Badwater, in Death Valley National Park and the lowest point in the United States, is also located in the county. The two points are not visible from each other, but both can be observed from the Panamint Range on the west side of Death Valley.

Contents

History

Inyo County was formed in 1866 from parts of Mono and Tulare Counties.

The county derived its name from the Native American name for the mountains in its area. The meaning of the word inyo is "dwelling place of the great spirit."

Natural History

Inyo County is host to a number of natural superlatives. Among them are:

Owens Valley and the Sierra Escarpment.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 10,227 square miles (26,488 km²), of which 10,203 sq mi (26,426 km²) is land and 24 sq mi (62 km²) is water. Relatively, it is an extremely large county, the second-largest in the state and one of the largest in the nation.

Cities and towns

Inyo County, California (ca. 1872-1873) by Albert Bierstadt (1830-1902)

Adjacent Counties

Transportation Infrastructure

Major Highways

Public Transportation

Inyo Mono Transit operates intercity bus service along U.S. 395, as well as local services in Bishop. Service extends south to Ridgecrest (Kern County) and north to Reno.

Airports

Bishop Airport, Independence Airport, and Lone Pine Airport are general aviation airports located near their respective cities. Stovepipe Wells Airport and Furnace Creek Airport are located near Death Valley National Park.

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 17,945 people, 7,703 households, and 4,937 families residing in the county. The population density was 1/km² (2/sq mi). There were 9,042 housing units at an average density of 0/km² (1/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 80.06% White, 0.16% Black or African American, 10.04% Native American, 0.91% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 4.60% from other races, and 4.15% from two or more races. 12.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 89.2% spoke English and 9.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 7,703 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,006, and the median income for a family was $44,970. Males had a median income of $37,270 versus $25,549 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,639. About 9.30% of families and 12.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.00% of those under age 18 and 8.30% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Presidential election results
Year DEM GOP Others
2004 59.1% 5,091 38.9% 3,350 2.0% 175
2000 60.3% 4,713 33.9% 2,652 5.8% 450
1996 51.8% 3,924 34.4% 2,601 13.8% 1,044
1992 43.6% 3,689 31.8% 2,695 24.6% 2,080
1988 64.3% 5,042 33.9% 2,653 1.8% 142
1984 70.3% 5,863 28.3% 2,360 1.4% 115
1980 64.8% 5,201 25.9% 2,080 9.3% 736
1976 58.2% 3,905 39.3% 2,635 2.5% 166
1972 68.1% 4,873 28.0% 2,006 3.9% 280
1968 54.5% 3,641 34.6% 2,314 10.9% 732
1964 46.5% 2,751 53.4% 3,161 0.1% 3
1960 54.6% 2,962 45.1% 2,443 0.3% 15

Inyo is a strongly Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Lyndon Johnson in 1964.

Inyo is part of California's 25th congressional district, which is held by Republican Buck McKeon. In the state legislature, Inyo is part of the 34th Assembly district, which is held by Republican Bill Maze, and the 18th Senate district, which is held by Republican Roy Ashburn.

















Education

School district in Inyo County are:

External links

Coordinates: 36°35′N 117°29′W / 36.59, -117.48

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Inyo County, California. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Inyo County, CaliforniaRDF feed
County names Inyo County, California  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 California  +
Short name Inyo County  +

This article uses material from the "Inyo County, California" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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