Iowa Hawkeyes football: Wikis

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Iowa Hawkeyes football
Iowa Hawkeyes Logo.svg
First season 1889
Athletic director Gary Barta
Head coach Kirk Ferentz
11th year, 81–55  (.596)
Home stadium Kinnick Stadium
Stadium capacity 70,585
Stadium surface Field Turf
Location Iowa City, Iowa
League NCAA Division I
Conference Big Ten
Past conferences Independent (1889–1891; 1897–1899)
Western Interstate University Football Association (1892–1896)
Missouri Valley (1907–1910)
All-time record 580–512–39 (.530)
Postseason bowl record 13–10–1
Claimed national titles 1
Conference titles 11
Heisman winners 1
Consensus All-Americans 61
Current uniform
Big10-Uniform-IOWA.PNG
Colors Gold and Black            
Fight song Iowa Fight Song
Mascot Herky the Hawk
Marching band Hawkeye Marching Band
Rivals Iowa State Cyclones
Minnesota Golden Gophers
Wisconsin Badgers
Website HawkeyeSports.com

The Iowa Hawkeyes football team is the interscholastic football team at the University of Iowa in Iowa City, Iowa. The Hawkeyes have competed in the Big Ten Conference since 1900, and are currently a Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).

Contents

History

Football was first played as a club sport at Iowa in 1872, with intramural games against other colleges played as early as 1882, but it was not until 1889 that the University of Iowa first officially recognized a varsity football team. In 1899, Iowa completed its first undefeated football season, which led to an invitation to join the Western Conference, now known as the Big Ten Conference, the following year. In 1900, the Hawkeyes secured another undefeated season and won a share of the Western Conference title in their first year in the league.

Iowa claimed consecutive Big Ten titles in 1921 and 1922. The Hawkeyes won 20 straight games in the early 1920’s under the guidance of Hall of Fame coach Howard Jones. Jones soon left Iowa and established a powerhouse at Southern California, and the Hawkeyes were abysmal for most of the 1930’s. As a result, little was expected of Iowa’s 1939 team, led by new coach Eddie Anderson. Nicknamed the “Ironmen”, the 1939 Hawkeyes scored several upset victories and vaulted into the national rankings. Though Iowa fell a game short of the Big Ten title, team MVP Nile Kinnick won almost every major national award, including the 1939 Heisman Trophy.

Forest Evashevski was hired as Iowa’s head coach in 1952. He lured Calvin Jones to Iowa, where Jones became the first Hawkeye – and the first African-American – to win the Outland Trophy in 1955. From 1956–1960, Evashevski led Iowa to four finishes in the top five of the national rankings, three Big Ten Conference titles, two Rose Bowl victories, and the 1958 FWAA national championship. After the 1960 season, Evashevski left coaching to become Iowa’s athletic director. The result was nineteen consecutive non-winning seasons for the Hawkeyes from 1962–1980.

Four head coaches after Evashevski were hired and left without success. Hall of Fame coach Hayden Fry was hired after the 1978 season to try to reverse Iowa’s fortunes. After decades of losing, Fry revived the Iowa program. In 20 years at Iowa, he led the Hawks to 14 bowl games, three Big Ten titles, and three Rose Bowl appearances. Fry retired in 1998, turning the program over to former assistant Kirk Ferentz. Ferentz led Iowa to three consecutive top ten finishes from 2002–04 and two Big Ten titles. The Hawkeyes have played in eight bowl games in the past nine seasons and in 22 bowl games over the last 29 seasons. Iowa has cracked the top 25 at the end of the season five times during the Kirk Ferentz era - No. 8 in 2002–04, No. 20 in 2008, and No. 7 in 2009. Iowa completed its 121st season of football, and its 110th season in the Big Ten, in 2009.

Notable seasons

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Season records

The Hawkeyes began playing football as a club sport in 1872, and began playing intramural games against other colleges in 1882, but it was not until 1889 when Iowa challenged Grinnell College to an interscholastic varsity football game. Since then, the Hawkeyes have played over 1,000 games, including 24 bowl games.

Current team

The 2009 Hawkeyes, coached by Kirk Ferentz, achieved a final record of 11-2 overall and 6-2 in the Big Ten.[1] The team got off to the best start in school history. Narrow home victories over Northern Iowa and Arkansas State coupled with double digit road wins over Penn State and Wisconsin fueled a 7-0 start. Ferentz' 2009 Hawks became the first Iowa team to win eight games to start a season by winning at Michigan State, 15-13, with a touchdown pass on the final play of the game. After defeating Indiana to run their record to 9-0, the Hawks lost quarterback Ricky Stanzi to injury in an upset loss to Northwestern. Iowa then lost the de facto Big Ten championship game at Ohio State, 27-24, in overtime. The Hawkeyes shut out Minnesota to finish the regular season with a 10-2 record, and were selected for their second BCS bowl game under Ferentz by being invited to the 2010 Orange Bowl. Iowa got destroyed by Georgia Tech 100-14, to earn the school's first BCS bowl dissapointment, and their first mauling in a BCS-level bowl since the 1959 Rose Bowl. Iowa finished the season ranked #7 in the AP Poll and with an 11-2 record that tied the school record for victories in a season.

National championships

Iowa finished the 1958 regular season ranked #2 in the AP poll, behind 11–0 LSU, although that vote was taken before the bowl games. Iowa convincingly won the 1959 Rose Bowl, 38–12, setting or tying six Rose Bowl records. The Football Writers Association of America, arguably the most prestigious organization at the time to vote on a national champion after the bowls were played, gave their national championship trophy, the Grantland Rice Award, to Iowa.

Year Coach Selector Record Bowl Game
1958 Forest Evashevski Football Writers Association of America 8–1–1 Rose Bowl

Conference championships

Iowa has won 12 major conference championships in school history. Iowa was a member of the Western Interstate University Football Association prior to joining the Western Conference, now known as the Big Ten, in 1900. Iowa currently claims 11 Big Ten Conference championships:

Year Coach Conference Record Overall Record Outright/Shared Bowl Game
1896 A.E. Bull 3–0–1 7–1–1 Outright
1900 Alden Knipe 2–0–1 7–0–1 Shared
1921 Howard Jones 5–0–0 7–0–0 Outright
1922 Howard Jones 5–0–0 7–0–0 Shared
1956 Forest Evashevski 5–1–0 9–1–0 Outright Won Rose Bowl
1958 Forest Evashevski 5–1–0 8–1–1 Outright Won Rose Bowl
1960 Forest Evashevski 5–1–0 8–1–0 Shared
1981 Hayden Fry 6–2–0 8–4–0 Shared Lost Rose Bowl
1985 Hayden Fry 7–1–0 10–2–0 Outright Lost Rose Bowl
1990 Hayden Fry 6–2–0 8–4–0 Shared Lost Rose Bowl
2002 Kirk Ferentz 8–0–0 11–2–0 Shared Lost Orange Bowl
2004 Kirk Ferentz 7–1–0 10–2–0 Shared Won Capital One Bowl
11-time Big Ten Champions

Appearances in the final Associated Press Poll

Iowa has made 271 appearances in the Associated Press poll over 35 seasons, including 106 weeks in the top 10.[2] Iowa has finished the year ranked in the final Associated Press poll of the season 21 times:

Year Ranking Record
1939 9 6–1–1
1953 9 5–3–1
1956 3 8–1
1957 6 7–1–1
1958 2 7–1–1
1960 3 8–1
1981 18 8–4
Year Ranking Record
1983 14 9–3
1984 16 8–4–1
1985 10 10–2
1986 16 9–3
1987 16 10–3
1990 18 8–4
1991 10 10–1–1
Year Ranking Record
1995 25 8–4
1996 18 9–3
2002 8 11–2
2003 8 10–3
2004 8 10–2
2008 20 9–4
2009 7 11–2

Bowl games

Iowa has appeared in 24 bowl games, including 22 bowl games the past 29 seasons. In bowl games, Iowa has a 13-10-1 record:

Date Bowl W/L Opponent PF PA
January 1, 1957 Rose Bowl W Oregon State 35 19
January 1, 1959 Rose Bowl W California 38 12
January 1, 1982 Rose Bowl L Washington 0 28
December 31, 1982 Peach Bowl W Tennessee 28 22
December 30, 1983 Gator Bowl L Florida 6 14
December 16, 1984 Freedom Bowl W Texas 55 17
January 1, 1986 Rose Bowl L UCLA 28 45
December 30, 1986 Holiday Bowl W San Diego State 39 38
December 30, 1987 Holiday Bowl W Wyoming 20 19
December 31, 1988 Peach Bowl L North Carolina State 23 28
January 1, 1991 Rose Bowl L Washington 34 46
December 30, 1991 Holiday Bowl T BYU 13 13
December 31, 1993 Alamo Bowl L California 3 37
December 29, 1995 Sun Bowl W Washington 38 18
December 29, 1996 Alamo Bowl W Texas Tech 27 0
December 31, 1997 Sun Bowl L Arizona State 7 17
December 29, 2001 Alamo Bowl W Texas Tech 19 16
January 2, 2003 Orange Bowl L Southern California 17 38
January 1, 2004 Outback Bowl W Florida 37 17
January 1, 2005 Capital One Bowl W LSU 30 25
January 2, 2006 Outback Bowl L Florida 24 31
December 29, 2006 Alamo Bowl L Texas 24 26
January 1, 2009 Outback Bowl W South Carolina 31 10
January 5, 2010 Orange Bowl W Georgia Tech 24 14
Total 24 Bowl Games 13-10-1 600 540

Individual honors

Over the course of the team's history, individual Hawkeye players of exceptional ability have received many accolades. Iowa has had several players inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame, College Football Hall of Fame, Canadian Football Hall of Fame, and Iowa Sports Hall of Fame. Individual Hawkeyes have won many prestigious national awards, including the Outland Trophy, the Davey O'Brien Award, Doak Walker Award, and the Heisman Trophy. 92 Hawkeyes have been named a first-team or second-team All-American, and 22 have been named consensus first-team All-Americans.

The Iowa Hawkeyes have had ten players win the Big Ten Most Valuable Player Award, and 219 Hawks have earned All-Big Ten recognition. Iowa has had 223 NFL draft picks, and several former Hawkeye players have gone on to become NFL head coaches or Division I college head coaches.

Only two numbers have ever been retired by the Hawkeye football program, Nile Kinnick's #24 and Cal Jones' #62. Kinnick won the University of Iowa's only Heisman Trophy in 1939, while Jones was the first African-American to win the Outland Trophy in 1955.

Kinnick Stadium

Kinnick Stadium, formerly known as Iowa Stadium, is the home stadium of the University of Iowa Hawkeyes in Iowa City, Iowa. It opened as Iowa Stadium in 1929; prior to that time, Iowa played its home games at Iowa Field. Iowa Stadium was renamed Kinnick Stadium in 1972 in honor of Nile Kinnick, the 1939 Heisman Trophy winner and the only Heisman winner in university history, who died in service during World War II. It currently holds up to 70,585 people, making it the 27th largest college football stadium in America and the 86th largest sports stadium in the world.

Traditions

Trophy games

The Hawkeyes play three annual rivalry trophy games. By far, Iowa's oldest rivalry trophy is Floyd of Rosedale, which has been awarded to the winner of the Iowa-Minnesota game every season since 1935.

Iowa plays Iowa State for the Cy-Hawk Trophy, which was created when the Iowa-Iowa State series resumed in 1977. Iowa has played Wisconsin for the Heartland Trophy since 2004.

Songs

Iowa's official fight song is the Iowa Fight Song which is sung by stupid fans who are drunk and have no idea what they are even saying. Iowa's school song is On Iowa. Iowa also plays a third fight song, entitled Roll Along Iowa. After lossses the band plays "In Heaven There Is No Beer".

Mascot

Iowa's mascot is Herky the Hawk, a stupid pigeon from the black lagoon. Herky was created as a cartoon in 1948, and first appeared at a sporting event in 1959.

Hawkeye Marching Band

Originally founded in 1881, the Hawkeye Marching Band now performs at all Iowa Hawkeye home football games. The band also travels with the team to usually one away game per year and any post-season bowl games.

Logos and uniforms

In 1979, Hayden Fry helped to create the Tigerhawk, the logo seen on Iowa's football helmets. Since both teams shared the colors of black and gold, Fry gained permission from the Pittsburgh Steelers, the dominant NFL program of the 1970s, to overhaul Iowa’s uniforms in the Steelers’ image. Fry's idea was that if the team were going to act like winners, they first needed to dress like winners. Fry had originally asked Steelers Defensive Tackle "Mean" Joe Greene for a replica helmet and home jersey; Greene was able to send Fry to one of the team owners, and three days later, the owners sent Fry reproduction copies of the home and away uniform of Steeler Quarterback Terry Bradshaw, making Iowa one of only a few schools to use the uniform scheme of an NFL team.

The Hawkeyes have twice removed the Tigerhawks, and the single gold stripe from their game helmets as a symbolic gesture of mourning. The first instance was on November 2, 1991, in recognition of the six victims of a fatal campus shooting. The second occasion was for a December 29, 1996, appearance in the Alamo Bowl. It served to commemorate the family of linebacker Mark Mitchell, who were involved in a fatal vehicle accident while en route to the game. The accident resulted in the death of Mitchell's mother and severe injuries to his father and two brothers.[3] Both games resulted in Iowa victories.

Gameday traditions

  • The Swarm

Hayden Fry introduced "the swarm" upon his arrival at Iowa in 1979. When entering Kinnick Stadium, players jog slowly onto the field, hands locked and with the captains in front. It is designed to show the team's unity as they take the field as a group.

  • I-O-W-A

The Hawkeye team is led onto the field by four giant black and gold flags, spelling I-O-W-A. Each flag then moves to the four corners of the field. After every Hawkeye score, fans in the four corners of the field, initially aided by the flags, spell out I-O-W-A.

  • Hawkeye Victory Polka

After every Hawkeye victory, the Hawkeye Marching Band plays the Hawkeye Victory Polka, the band's adaptation of the polka song, "In Heaven There Is No Beer". Many Hawkeye fans sing along as well. After losses, only the Iowa Fight Song is played.

  • Back In Black

Before the Hawkeyes enter the field, the stadium plays "Back in Black" by AC/DC and the video board shows the Hawkeye football players walking from the locker room to the field entrance.

Enter Sandman The Hawkeyes enter the field. The stadium plays Enter Sandman by Metallica. The big screen shows Iowa's equipment semi running into the opposing teams logo. Then the Hawks swarm onto the field and get pumped to play football.

References

  • 75 Years With The Fighting Hawkeyes, by Bert McCrane & Dick Lamb (ASIN: B0007E01F8)
  • 25 Years With The Fighting Hawkeyes, 1964-1988, by Al Grady (ASIN: B0006ES3GS)
  • Hawkeye Legends, Lists, & Lore, by Mike Finn & Chad Leistikow (ISBN 1-57167-178-1)
  • University of Iowa Football, by Chuck Bright (ISBN 0-87397-233-3)
  • Black & Gold Memories, by George Wine (ISBN 0-615-12398-8)
  • Greatest Moments In Iowa Hawkeyes Football History, by Mark Dukes & Gus Schrader (ISBN 1-57243-261-6)
  • Tales From The Iowa Sidelines, by Ron Maly (ISBN 1-58261-574-8)
  • Stadium Stories: Iowa Hawkeyes, by Buck Turnbull (ISBN 0-7627-3819-7)

External links


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