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Avenue of the Saints logo.png
No image.svg
I-64.svgUS 61.svgMO-27.svgIowa 27.svgUS 218.svgI-380.svgI-35.svg
Avenue of the Saints
High Priority Corridor 2
Length: 563 mi (906.06 km)
Formed: 1991
South end: I-64 near St. Louis, MO
Major
junctions:
I-70 at Wentzville, MO
I-72 at Hannibal, MO
US 34 / IA 163 at Mount Pleasant, IA
I-80 / I-380 at Coralville, IA
US 20 at Waterloo, IA
I-35 near Clear Lake, IA
I-90 at Albert Lea, MN
I-35W at Burnsville, MN
I-494 at Mendota Heights, MN
North end: I-94 at St. Paul, MN
Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act
< Corridor 1 Corridor 3 >
< IA 26 Iowa Highway 27 shield IA 28 >
< Route 25 Route 27 shield Route 28 >

The Avenue of the Saints is a 563-mile (906 km) highway that connects St. Paul, Minnesota, and St. Louis, Missouri.

Contents

Route description

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Missouri

Within Missouri, the Avenue of the Saints is Interstate 64, U.S. Route 61, and Missouri Route 27.

Iowa

In Iowa, the Avenue of the Saints is a 281.36-mile (452.81 km)[1] highway, which begins in Lee County where Missouri Route 27 crosses the Des Moines River and ends at the Minnesota state line in Worth County, concurrent with Interstate 35. Construction of the Avenue of the Saints corridor in Iowa was completed on May 23, 2006.

In 2001[2], the Iowa Department of Transportation designated the Avenue of the Saints as Iowa Highway 27. Prior to its creation, motorists wanting to travel the Avenue through Iowa had to follow a lengthy list of directions: (heading north from Missouri) Iowa Highway 394[3] , U.S. Route 218, Interstate 380, U.S. Route 20, Iowa Highway 58[4], US 218 (again), U.S. Route 18 and Interstate 35.

Minnesota

History

The Avenue of the Saints was the idea of Mount Pleasant, Iowa businessman Ernest Hayes, who envisioned a four-lane highway between St. Paul and St. Louis in the 1980s. The Iowa Department of Transportation decided to study the idea in 1988. Several politicians endorsed the idea, including Mount Pleasant mayor (and future Iowa governor) Tom Vilsack, Senator Charles Grassley of Iowa, and Congressmen David Nagle and Fred Grandy of Iowa and Dick Gephardt of Missouri.

By the end of 1989, four possible routes for the Avenue of the Saints were under consideration by the Federal Highway Administration. Two of the rejected routes would have followed U.S. Route 52 and U.S. Route 63 from St. Paul through Rochester, Minnesota, to Waterloo, Iowa. Another rejected route would have followed U.S. Route 61 from St. Paul through La Crosse, Wisconsin, and Dubuque, Iowa, to Davenport, Iowa, and U.S. Route 67 from Davenport to St. Louis.

In 1990 the FHWA chose its route for the Avenue of the Saints: it would follow Interstate 35 from St. Paul to a point south of Clear Lake, Iowa; U.S. Route 18 to Charles City, Iowa; U.S. Route 218 to Cedar Falls, Iowa; Iowa Highway 58 and U.S. Route 20 around Cedar Falls and Waterloo, Iowa; Interstate 380 from Waterloo through Cedar Rapids to Interstate 80 near Coralville, Iowa and Iowa City, Iowa; U.S. 218 to Donnellson, Iowa; Iowa Highway 394 and Route B to Wayland, Missouri; and U.S. 61 and Interstate 64 from Wayland to St. Louis.

The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 made the Avenue of the Saints an official "high-priority corridor," and signs were put along the route by the end of the year. At that time the only four-lane segments were Interstates 35, 380, and 64; U.S. 20 around Waterloo; U.S. 218 from I-80 to Iowa Highway 22 near Riverside, Iowa; and two segments of U.S. 61 in Missouri (from La Grange to New London and from Bowling Green to St. Louis). The decision had also been made to build the Avenue of the Saints to expressway standards — with intersections at rural roads — rather than to full freeway standards as a cost-saving measure. Freeway segments would be built around cities that needed to be bypassed.

After the routing was approved, both Iowa and Missouri began constructing new four-lane segments. Iowa opened bypasses around Waverly (1998), Mason City (1999), Charles City (2000), Mount Pleasant (2001), and Donnellson (2004). A four-lane link between I-35 and I-380 was completed with the opening of a segment near Nashua in November 2003. Missouri completed four-lane segments from New London to Bowling Green in November 2000 and from Canton to La Grange in 2003.

In 2001 the Iowa Department of Transportation gave the Avenue of the Saints its own highway number: Iowa Highway 27. The number was added as an additional number to the existing routes; however, after the Donnellson bypass opened in 2004, Iowa 394 was decommissioned and Iowa 27 is now a standalone highway south of the split with U.S. 218.

Present status

On July 25, 2008, the final nine miles (14 km) of highway between the Lewis/Clark county line and Wayland, Missouri was open to four-lane traffic. A ceremony was held at the intersection of US 61 and Route 27 to commemorate the completion of the four-lane highway in Missouri. The Avenue of the Saints is now complete from suburban St. Louis to St. Paul (see Future construction below).

On December 8, 2004, a new four-lane bridge across the Des Moines River opened; this replaced an existing toll bridge operated by the Wayland Special Road District. A new four-lane road between the bridge and U.S. 61 south of Wayland also opened that day. This road was numbered Route 27 to match Iowa's number for the Avenue of the Saints.

In June 2005, a four-lane segment from the end of the Mount Pleasant bypass to the junction with Iowa Highway 16 east of Houghton was opened to four lanes of traffic. The segment of Iowa 27 between the split with U.S. 218 and the Des Moines River bridge opened to four lanes on August 25, 2005. The last remaining segment in Iowa was opened to traffic May 23, 2006.

The only portions of the road which do not bypass major towns are Waterloo, Iowa; Cedar Rapids, Iowa and Hannibal, Missouri.

A "festival" was held from June 16-18 amongst towns along the corridor to celebrate the completion of Iowa's segment.

Exit numbers

As with many rural expressways in Iowa, the Avenue of the Saints has exit numbers in that state. The exit numbers correspond to the underlying U.S. Highway or Interstate Highway - U.S. 218, I-380, U.S. 20, U.S. 18 and I-35. The section along Iowa Highway 58 in Cedar Falls has no exit numbers, and the separate section south of Donnellson has one numbered exit — the northbound one to U.S. 218 south — based on Iowa 27's mileage.

Future construction

On July 25, 2008, the Avenue of the Saints was completed with the opening of the final nine-mile (14 km) segment from the Lewis County line to Wayland in Clark County, Missouri.

Ongoing construction projects and future proposals along the Avenue of the Saints include:

  • The upgrading of US 61 to interstate standards from I-70 in Wentzville to Route 47 in Troy, Missouri. In 2007, an interchange was installed at Route C in Moscow Mills, Missouri. Proposals include installing interchanges at Route U in Moscow Mills and South Lincoln Drive just south of Troy.
  • MoDOT has published initial maps for the Hannibal Expressway, a bypass around Hannibal, MO (http://www.modot.org/northeast/HannibalBypassMapOptions.htm). According to the maps, the Hannibal Expressway would depart from US 61 south of Hannibal, travel in a northwesterly direction toward the Rocket Junction where it would intersect with US 36/I-72 and US 24 West. The Hannibal Expressway would then travel along the current US 24 East alignment and re-connect with US 61 four miles (6 km) north of the Rocket Junction. The "Hannibal Expressway" project is presently unfunded. Presently, there are seven stoplights along US 61 in Hannibal: Red Devil Rd./Warren Barrett Dr., Market St. (Business 61), Hwy MM (Business 36), West Ely Rd., I-72/US 36, Stardust Dr./Pirate Pride, and MO 168.

Exit list

Note: much of the road is not a freeway; there are many at-grade intersections.

County Location # Destinations Notes
Following I-64 / US 40 / US 61 .
St. Charles 9 Route KO'Fallon
Route DD (Winghaven Boulevard)
Lake Saint Louis Boulevard
I-70 / US 40 west – St. Charles, Airport Sign.svg Lambert Airport, Kansas City North end of I 64/US 40 overlap.
Pitman Avenue northbound exit and southbound entrance
Route AWentzville
Lincoln Route CMoscow Mills
Old Cap au Gris Road northbound exit and entrance
Route 47Troy, Winfield
Pike Route FF / Route DEolia
Route 161Bowling Green, Ashley
US 54Louisiana, Mexico

US 61 Bus. / Route UUBowling Green
Route C / Route B / Route ZZFrankford
Ralls
US 61 Bus. / Route 19Center, New London
Marion I-72 / US 36Downtown Hannibal, Monroe City, Springfield I-72's western terminus is at this intersection
US 24 west – Monroe City South end of US 24 overlap.

US 61 Bus.Palmyra

US 61 Bus. / Route 168Palmyra
Route 6 west – Edina, Taylor
US 24 east  – Quincy, IL North end of US 24 overlap.
Lewis
US 61 Bus. / Route BLa Grange, Wakonda State Park

US 61 Bus. / Route CLa Grange

US 61 Bus. / Route PCanton
Route 16 to Route 81Canton, Monticello
Clark US 61 / Route 27 US 61 joins southbound and leaves northbound.
Route 27 begins northbound and ends southbound.
US 136Wayland, Kahoka
Over the Des Moines River into Iowa. Route 27 becomes IA 27 .
Lee NB:10
SB:18
US 218 south – Keokuk South end of US 218 overlap.
19 IA 2Donnellson, Fort Madison
Henry 40 255th Street, Mount Pleasant – Old Thresher's Grounds
42
US 34 east / IA 163 east / US 34 Bus. / US 218 Bus.Mount Pleasant, Burlington
Northbound exits signed as 42A (east) and 42B (west).
South end of US 34/IA 163 overlap.
45
US 34 west / IA 163 west / US 218 Bus. (IA 438) – Mount Pleasant, Ottumwa
North end of US 34/IA 163 overlap.
Washington 67 IA 92Washington, Columbus Junction
80 IA 22Kalona, Lone Tree
Johnson 85 Hills
89 CR F50 (Riverside Drive)  – Airport Sign.svg Iowa City Municipal Airport
91 IA 1Iowa City, Kalona
93 CR F46 (Melrose Avenue) – University Heights
0 I-80 / I-380 north – Davenport, Des Moines, Iowa City, Cedar Rapids South end of I-380 overlap.
Southbound exits signed as 0A (east) and 0B (west).
See I-380 (IA).svg Interstate 380 for exit list.
Black Hawk
NB:71A
SB:232B
I-380 north / US 218 north – Waterloo North end of I-380 overlap.
NB:71B
SB:232A
US 218 south – La Porte City
230 IA 21 (Hawkeye Road) – Dysart
227 US 63 (Sergeant Road) – Hudson
225 US 20 west / IA 58 south – Cedar Falls North end of US 20 overlap. South end of IA 58 overlap.
University Avenue (IA 934)
18th Street; Waterloo Road
US 218 south / IA 58 south – Waterloo - Airport Sign.svg Waterloo Regional Airport North end of IA 58 overlap. South end of US 218 overlap.
IA 57 west – Cedar Falls East terminus of IA 57.
189 Lone Tree Road
Bremer 198
US 218 Bus. (IA 116) – Waverly
203 IA 3Waverly, Shell Rock
205
US 218 Bus.Waverly – Airport Sign.svg Waverly Municipal Airport
212 IA 188Plainfield
Chickasaw 220 IA 346 (east) / CR B60 (west) – Nashua
Floyd 218
US 18 east / US 218 Bus. / CR T64Charles City, New Hampton
South end of US 18 overlap.
214 IA 14Charles City, Greene
212
US 218 Bus. / CR B35Charles City
210 US 218Floyd North end of US 218 overlap. At-grade intersection.
195 CR S70Nora Springs
Cerro Gordo 190 CR S56 (California Avenue)
186
US 18 Bus. / US 65Downtown Mason City, Rockwell
183 CR S36 (Eisenhower Avenue)  – Airport Sign.svg Mason City Municipal Airport
178 I-35Des Moines, Minneapolis South end of I-35 overlap.
See I-35 (IA).svg Interstate 35 in Iowa for exit list. IA 27 begins southbound and ends northbound at Minnesota state line.
See I-35 (MN).svg Interstate 35 in Minnesota for exit list.

External links

References

  1. ^ Iowa Department of Transportation (2001). Primary Road Sufficiency Log. Retrieved February 10, 2009.
  2. ^ Jason Hancock. "Highway 27". Iowa Highways. http://iowahighways.home.mchsi.com/highways/iowa20-29.html#27a. Retrieved 26 October 2006. 
  3. ^ Jason Hancock. "Highway 394". Iowa Highways. http://iowahighways.home.mchsi.com/highways/iowa389-399.html#394. Retrieved 26 October 2006. 
  4. ^ Jason Hancock. "Highway 58". Iowa Highways. http://iowahighways.home.mchsi.com/highways/iowa50-59.html#58a. Retrieved 26 October 2006. 

Iowa Highway 27
Length: 281.36 mi[1] (453 km)
Formed: August 20, 2001[2]
South end: Template:Jct/plate/MO Route 27 near Argyle
North end: [[Image:Template:Infobox road/MN/shield I|25x20px]] [[Template:Infobox road/MN/link I|Template:Infobox road/MN/abbrev I]] near Silver Lake
Counties: Lee, Henry, Washington, Johnson, Linn, Benton, Buchanan, Black Hawk, Bremer, Chickasaw, Floyd, Cerro Gordo, Worth
Major cities: Mount Pleasant, Iowa City, Cedar Rapids, Waterloo, Cedar Falls, Waverly, Charles City, Mason City, Clear Lake
Iowa State Highways
< IA 26 IA 28 >

Iowa Highway 27 is a 281.36-mile (Template:Convert/LoffAonSon) highway in Iowa. Iowa 27 begins in Lee County where Missouri Route 27 crosses the Des Moines River and ends at the Minnesota state line in Worth County, concurrent with Interstate 35. Iowa 27 was established in 2001 to mark the Iowa section of the Avenue of the Saints, an expressway connecting St. Louis, Missouri and St. Paul, Minnesota. Construction of the Avenue of the Saints corridor in Iowa was completed on May 23, 2006.

Prior to its creation, motorists wanting to travel the Avenue of the Saints through Iowa had to follow a lengthy list of directions: (heading north from Missouri) Iowa Highway 394[3] , U.S. Route 218, Interstate 380, U.S. Route 20, Iowa Highway 58[4], US 218 (again), U.S. Route 18 and Interstate 35.

See also

External links

References

  1. Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=56&route=394. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=56&route=218. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=44&route=218. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=92&route=218. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=52&route=218. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=52&route=380. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=57&route=380. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=6&route=380. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=10&route=380. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=7&route=380. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=7&route=20. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=7&route=58. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=7&route=218. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=9&route=218. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=19&route=218. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=34&route=218. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=34&route=18. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=17&route=18. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=17&route=35. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
    Iowa Department of Transportation. "Sufficiency Query Results". http://www.sysplan.dot.state.ia.us/sysplanapps/b1123010/countyRouteResults.asp?countyNumber=98&route=35. Retrieved on 2009-02-10. 
  2. Template:Iowahighwaysref
  3. Template:Iowahighwaysref
  4. Template:Iowahighwaysref

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