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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Territory of Iowa
Organized incorporated territory of the United States

1838 – 1849

Location of Iowa Territory
Capital Burlington (1838-1841)
Iowa City (1841-1849)
Government Organized incorporated territory
 - 1838-1841 Robert Lucas
 - 1841-1845 John Chambers
 - 1845-1849 James Clarke
 - Split from Wisconsin Territory July 4 1838
 - Statehood of Iowa December 28 1846
 - Minnesota Territory created March 3 1849

The Territory of Iowa was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from July 4, 1838, until December 28, 1846, when the southeastern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Iowa.



Iowa Territorial Seal.

Most of the area comprising the territory was originally part of the Louisiana Purchase and was a part of the Missouri Territory. When Missouri became a state in 1821, this area (along with the Dakotas) effectively became unorganized territory. The area was closed to white settlers until the 1830s, after the Black Hawk War ended. It was attached to the Michigan Territory on June 28, 1834, and was split off with the Wisconsin Territory in 1836 when Michigan became a state.

The Iowa Territory was the Iowa District of western Wisconsin Territory—the region west of the Mississippi River. The original boundaries of the territory, as established in 1838, included Minnesota and parts of the Dakotas, covering about 194,000 square miles (500,000 km2) of land.

Burlington was the stop-gap capital; Iowa City was designated as the official territorial capital in 1841.[1]



Governors of Iowa Territory

Secretaries of Iowa Territory

  • William B. Conway, appointed 1838; died in office, November, 1839.
  • James Clarke, appointed 1839.
  • O.H. W. Stull, appointed 1841.
  • Samuel J. Burr, appointed 1843.
  • Jesse Williams, appointed 1845.

Congressional Delegates

See also


External links


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