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Ipomoea purpurea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Convolvulaceae
Genus: Ipomoea
Species: I. purpurea
Binomial name
Ipomoea purpurea
(L.) Roth[1]

Ipomoea purpurea, the Purple, Tall, or Common Morning Glory, is a species in the genus Ipomoea, native to Mexico and Central America. Like all morning glories the plant entwines itself around structures, growing to a height of 2-3 m tall. The leaves are heart-shaped and the stems are covered with brown hairs. The flowers are trumpet-shaped, predominantly blue to purple or white, 3-6 cm diameter. [2]

Contents

Habitats

The plant is predisposed to moist and rich soil, but can be found growing in a wide array of soil types.[3 ] It is naturalized throughout warm temperate and subtropical regions of the world. Although it is often considered a noxious weed, Ipomoea purpurea is also grown for its beautiful purple and white flowers and has many cultivars. Common cultivars include I. purpurea 'Crimson Rambler' (red-violet blossoms with white throats); 'Grandpa Ott's,' 'Kniola's Black Knight,' and 'Star of Yelta' (blossoms in varying shades of deep purple with white or pale pink throats); and 'Milky Way' (white blossoms with mauve accents).

The triangular seeds have some history of use as a psychedelic; they, like Ipomoea tricolor contain LSA.[3 ] Effects are reported to be somewhat similar to those of LSD.[4]

Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ USDA Plants Profile
  2. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Ipomoea purpurea
  3. ^ a b Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Weeds of The Northeast, (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1997), Pp. 214-217
  4. ^ Charles Savage, Willis W. Harman and James Fadiman, Ipomoea purpurea: A Naturally Occurring Psychedelic

External links


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Ipomoea purpurea

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Solanales
Familia: Convolvulaceae
Subfamilia: Convolvuloideae
Genus: Ipomoea
Subgenus: I. subg. Ipomoea
Species: Ipomoea purpurea

Name

Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth, 1787

Synonyms

  • Convolvuloides leucosperma Moench, 1794
  • Convolvuloides purpurea (L.) Moench, 1794
  • Convolvulus glandulifer (Ruiz & Pav.) Spreng., 1824
  • Convolvulus mutabilis Salisbury, 1796 nom illeg.
  • Convolvulus purpureus L., 1762
  • Ipomoea affinis M.Martens & Galeotti, 1845
  • Ipomoea chanetii H. Léveillé
  • Ipomoea discolor Jacq., 1798
  • Ipomoea diversifolia Lindley, 1810 nom. illeg.
  • Ipomoea glandulifera Ruiz & Pav., 1799
  • Ipomoea hirsutula Jacq.f., 1813
  • Ipomoea hispida Zuccagni, 1806
  • Ipomoea intermedia Schultes, 1809
  • Ipomoea mexicana A.Gray, 1878
  • Ipomoea pilosissima M.Martens & Galeotti, 1845
  • Ipomoea purpurea var. diversifolia (Lindley) O'Donnell, 1953
  • Ipomoea purpurea f. triloba Meisner, 1869
  • Ipomoea zuccagnii Roem. & Schult., 1819 nom illeg.
  • Pharbitis diversifolia Lindley, 1737
  • Pharbitis hispida Choisy, 1834
  • Pharbitis purpurea (L.) Voigt, 1845

References

  • Botanische Abhandlungen und Beobachtungen 27. 1787
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]
  • Austin, D. F. (1986) Nomenclature of the Ipomoea nil complex (Convolvulaceae). Taxon 35: 355-358.

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Purpur-Prunkwinde
English: Common Morning glory
Svenska: Purpurvinda
Türkçe: Kahkaha çiçeği
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Ipomoea purpurea on Wikimedia Commons.







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