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Ipswich Town
Ipswich Town.svg
Full name Ipswich Town Football Club
Nickname(s) Blues, Town, The Tractor Boys
Founded 1878
Ground Portman Road
Ipswich
(Capacity: 30,311[1])
Owner Marcus Evans
Chairman Marcus Evans
Manager Roy Keane
League The Championship
2008–09 The Championship, 9th
All-time top scorer Ray Crawford (218)
Home colours
Away colours
Third colours

Ipswich Town Football Club (pronounced /ˈɪpswɪtʃ ˈtaʊn/) (also known as Ipswich, The Blues, Town or The Tractor Boys) are an English professional football club based in Ipswich, Suffolk. As of 2009, they play in the Football League Championship, having last appeared in the Premier League in 2001–02.

The club was founded in 1878 but did not turn professional until 1936, and was subsequently elected to join the Football League in 1938. They play their home games at Portman Road in Ipswich. The only fully professional football club in Suffolk, they have a long-standing and fierce rivalry with Norwich City in Norfolk, with whom they have contested the East Anglian Derby 138 times since 1902.[2]

Ipswich won the English league title once, in 1961–62, and have been runners-up twice in 1980–81 and 1981–82. They won the FA Cup in 1977–78, and the UEFA Cup in 1980–81.

Contents

History

For the history of matches versus local rivals Norwich City F.C., see the East Anglian Derby.

The club was founded as an amateur side in 1878 and were known as Ipswich A.F.C. until 1888 when they merged with Ipswich Rugby Club to form Ipswich Town Football Club.[3] The team won a number of local cup competitions, including the Suffolk Challenge Cup and the Suffolk Senior Cup.[4] They joined the Southern Amateur League in 1907 and, with results improving steadily, became champions in the 1921–22 season.[5] The club won the league a further three times, in 1929–30, 1932–33 and 1933–34, before becoming founder members of the Eastern Counties Football League at the end of the 1934–35 season. A year later, the club turned professional and joined the Southern League, which they won in its first season and finished third in the next.[6]

Ipswich were elected to The Football League on 30 May, 1938, and played in Division Three (South) until the end of the 1953–54 season, when they won the title and promotion to Division Two. The club were immediately relegated back to Division Three (South) the following year at the end of a poor season, but made better progress after Scott Duncan was replaced as team manager by Alf Ramsey in August 1955. The club won the Division Three (South) title again in 1956–57, and returned to the higher division. This time, Ipswich established themselves in Division Two, and as the division champions, won promotion to the top level of English football, Division One, in 1960–61.[6]

In the top flight for the first time, Ipswich became Champions of the Football League at the first attempt in 1961–62.[6] As English league champions, they qualified for the 1962/63 European Cup, defeating Maltese side Floriana 14–1 on aggregate before losing to AC Milan.[6] Ramsey quit the club in April 1963 to take charge of the England football team; after the team won the 1966 World Cup, he received a knighthood for "services to football" in 1967.[7] Ramsey was replaced by Jackie Milburn,[6] under whose leadership fortunes on the pitch plummeted. Two years after winning the league title, Ipswich slipped down to the Second Division in 1964, conceding 121 league goals in 42 games.[8] Milburn quit after just one full season and was replaced by Bill McGarry in 1964.[6] The club remained in the Second Division for four years until McGarry guided Ipswich to promotion along with his assistant Sammy Chung in the 1967–68 season, winning the division by a single point ahead of Queens Park Rangers.[9] McGarry left to manage Wolves and was replaced by Bobby Robson in January 1969.[6]

Robson led Ipswich to two major trophies and several seasons in top flight European football. The successful period began in 1973 when the club won the Texaco Cup and finished fourth in the league, qualifying for the UEFA Cup for the first time. By the late 1970s, Robson had built a strong side with talent in every department, introducing the Dutch pair Arnold Muhren and Frans Thijssen to add flair to a team that featured British internationals including John Wark, Terry Butcher and Paul Mariner. Ipswich regularly featured in the top five of the league and in the UEFA Cup.[10] At their peak in 1980 they beat Manchester United 6–0 at Portman Road, a game where United goalkeeper Gary Bailey also saved three penalties.[11] Major success came in 1978 when Ipswich beat Arsenal at Wembley Stadium to win their only FA Cup trophy,[12] the triumph was followed by a UEFA Cup victory in 1981. The club also finished as league runners-up in 1981 and 1982.[13][14][15]

Robson's success with Ipswich prompted The Football Association to seek his services as manager of the English national team, and in August 1982 he was replaced at the club by his assistant Bobby Ferguson, having taken up the F.A.'s offer.[6] Under Ferguson, Town finished mid-table twice,[16][17] but worsening performances meant that they began to struggle in the top division. Ipswich were finally relegated to the second tier (then called Division Two) in 1985–86.[18][19] Ferguson, who had remained in charge despite the relegation, resigned in May 1987 after reaching the promotion play-offs but failing to return the club to the first division.[6] Ipswich Town were then managed by John Duncan for three years until he was replaced by former West Ham boss John Lyall in May 1990.[20] Lyall guided Ipswich to the Second Division championship and promotion to the new FA Premier League, ready for the 1992–93 season.[21] Suffering only two league defeats before the New Year,[22] Ipswich started the season well and were fourth in the Premier League in January 1993, but a dip in form during the final weeks of the season saw Ipswich finish in a disappointing 16th place.[23] Poor form continued into the following season and Ipswich only avoided relegation that year when Sheffield United suffered a last-gasp 3–2 defeat at Chelsea on the final day of the season.[21] Six months later, fortunes on the pitch had not improved, and Lyall was sacked as Ipswich manager in December 1994 with the club rooted to the bottom of the Premiership.

Lyall's successor, George Burley, was unable to turn team performances around, and Ipswich suffered a Premiership record defeat, 9–0, at Manchester United, on their way to relegation.[24][25] Back in the second tier of the league, Burley led the club to three consecutive promotion playoffs, but they were to endure defeats in all three semi-finals. Ipswich finally returned to the Premiership in 2000 after coming from behind to beat Barnsley 4–2 in the last Division One playoff final at Wembley Stadium.[6] Ipswich performed well in the Premiership in their first season with Burley's side finishing in an impressive fifth place—being pipped by Liverpool on the last day of the season for a place in the Champions League. Consolation was a UEFA Cup place and FA Premier League Manager of the Year Award for Burley.[26]

This spell in the top division ended after two seasons and the loss of income due to relegation led to the club going into financial administration.[27] There was the minor consolation of again qualifying for the UEFA Cup, this time via the UEFA Fair Play ranking, and Ipswich survived two ties before losing in the second round proper to Czech side FC Slovan Liberec.[28] A poor start to the season, culminating in a 3–0 defeat at Grimsby Town, meant that Burley was sacked in October 2002 after nearly eight years as manager.[29] First team coach Tony Mowbray was given four games as caretaker manager, winning once, but he was ultimately replaced as manager by the former Oldham Athletic, Everton and Manchester City manager Joe Royle, who had played for local rival Norwich City.[30] Royle inherited a side struggling near the Division One relegation zone, but revived fortunes such that the team narrowly failed to reach the playoffs.[31] The 2003–04 season saw the club come out of administration and continue to challenge for promotion back to the Premier League.[32] They finished that season in fifth, but were defeated in the playoff semi-finals by West Ham United.[33]

Narrowly missing automatic promotion in 2004–05, Royle again took Ipswich to the play-offs, but once more they lost to West Ham United in the semi-finals.[34] 2005–06 saw Ipswich finish in 15th place — the club's lowest finish since 1966.[35] Joe Royle resigned by mutual consent on 11 May 2006,[36] and a month later, Jim Magilton was officially announced as the new manager.[37] In November 2007, the club were involved in takeover discussions with both businessman Marcus Evans and former Birmingham City F.C. director David Sullivan.[38][39] In December 2007, Evans completed his takeover of the club, purchasing an 87.5% stake in the club, investing around £44m which included the purchase of the club's existing £32m debt.[40] The club agreed a sponsorship deal with the Marcus Evans Group on 20 May 2008, lasting until 2013, the longest in the club's history.[41] Magilton was sacked in April 2009, and new Chief Executive Simon Clegg replaced him with Roy Keane.[42]

Colours and crest

One of Ipswich Town's nicknames is The Blues, stemming from their traditional kit, which is predominantly blue. Since turning professional, Ipswich have used a number of alternate (or away) colours, including white, orange, red and black vertical stripes, claret and green, cream and black vertical stripes and dark blue and claret.[43]

Crest used from 1972 to 1995.

The shirts worn by players of Ipswich Town did not sport a crest until the mid-1960s, when they adopted a design featuring a gold lion rampant guardant on a red background on the left half and three gold ramparts on a blue background on the right half.[43] In 1972, the crest was redesigned as the result of a competition, won by the Treasurer of the Supporters Club, John Gammage. Each element of the new design was intended to represent the region.[44]

Ipswich's orange away kit used during the 1999–2000 season.
I regarded the Suffolk Punch as a noble animal, well suited to dominate our design and represent the club. And to complete the badge I thought of the town of Ipswich which contains many historical buildings, including the Wolsey Gate, and is close to the sea with a large dock area.

The crest was modified in 1995 after consultation with a Supporters Forum, with the turrets of the Wolsey Gate moved to the top of the crest, the yellow background changed to red, the Suffolk Punch given a more dominant physique and the F.C. expanded to Football Club. Three stars were added to the sleeve of the teams away shirt for the 2004–05 season,[45] and also to the home kit for the 2005–06 season.[46] These stars were added to represent the three major trophies which Ipswich Town have won; the FA Cup, the UEFA Cup and the old Division One. The stars were relocated directly above the crest when the shirt was redesigned prior to the 2007–08 season.[47]

In 2006, the club donated 500 orange and blue and white shirts to children in Iraq.[48]

Stadia

Panorama of Portman Road, facing the Sir Bobby Robson Stand

Between 1878 and 1884, Ipswich Town played at two grounds in the town, Broom Hill and Brook's Hall,[49] but in 1884, the club moved to Portman Road and have played there ever since.[50] At their new home, Ipswich became one of the first clubs to implement the use of goal nets, in 1890,[50] but the more substantial elements of ground development did not begin until, in 1901, a tobacco processing plant was built along the south edge of the ground.

Average and peak attendances from 1936.

The first stand, a wooden structure, was built on the Portman Road side of the pitch in 1905. In 1911 the roof was blown off,[50] and the ground was later commandeered by the British Army for the duration of the First World War. The club turned professional in 1936, and work began on the first bank of terracing at the north end of the pitch. The following year, on the back of winning the Southern League, a similar terrace was built at the southern "Churchmans" end.[I] All sides were terraced by 1954, and floodlights were erected in 1959 for use in lower light conditions.[50] The two-tier Portman Stand was built along the east side of the ground in place of the existing terraces in 1971, and the west stand, then known as the "Pioneer Stand" as a result of the club's sponsorship by the electronics company Pioneer Corporation, was converted to all-seating in 1990.[50]

In 1990, following the recommendations of the Taylor Report in the wake of the Hillsborough disaster the previous year, the terraces in both the north and south stands were also converted to all-seating, creating the first complete all-seater stadium in the top flight of English football with a spectator capacity of 22,600.[50]

Success on the pitch lead to further investment in the infrastructure, with the club spending over £22 million on redeveloping both North and South stands, resulting in a current capacity of 30,311. In the past ten years, statues of both Sir Alf Ramsey and Sir Bobby Robson have been unveiled outside the stadium.[51][52] The North Stand was renamed in honour of former manager Bobby Robson in September 2009. The playing surface at Portman Road is highly regarded and has been voted best pitch in the league on a number of occasions.[53] The current groundsman, Alan Ferguson, has received a number of accolades, including both Premiership and Championship Groundsman of the Year.[54][55]

Supporters

During the 2008–09 season, Ipswich Town recorded an average attendance of 20,873, approximately 69% of available capacity, the seventh-highest attendance in The Championship.[56] The highest attendance of the season was 28,274 in the local derby against Norwich City.[57]

Locally, much is made of the informal title "Pride of Anglia". Fans variously claim the title for either winning the East Anglian Derby, finishing highest in the league, having the better current league position, having the more successful club history or for reasons without any apparent logical basis. The club's main local rival is Norwich City. When the two teams meet it is known as the 'East Anglian Derby', or, informally, as the 'Old Farm Derby', a comic reference to the 'Old Firm Derby' played between Scottish teams Celtic and Rangers.[58] Over the 138 matches played against Norwich City since 1902, Ipswich boasts the better record, having won 45% of the matches to Norwich's 37%.[2][59] In addition, objectively many Ipswich fans argue that the club has won more honours that its rivals, including having played 46 times in all European competition compared to Norwich's six, being in the top flight of English football for more seasons, and having won more trophies, including the UEFA and FA Cups, as well as the League Championship. Ipswich fans also cite that two of their previous managers have gone on to manage the national side (Bobby Robson and Alf Ramsey), as evidence that the club has a more successful history. Also The last fixture between the two sides on 19 April, 2008 resulted in a 3–2 win for Ipswich.

A recent nickname for Town is "The Tractor Boys", which was coined during the club's brief successful period in the Premiership (2000–01) when the team regularly competed against more fashionable clubs. The nickname is an example of self-deprecating humour referring to Ipswich's agricultural heritage.[60] The origins of the nickname are not certain, but the first generally-accepted use of the nickname appeared at a losing away game at Birmingham City late in the 1998–99 season, with the home fans chanting "no noise from the Tractor Boys", a name which stuck.[61] Barracking by supporters of more established Premiership clubs during Town's spell in the Premiership lent the ironic chant: '1–0 to the Tractor Boys' increased potency and publicity, and the nickname is commonly used by the media.[62][63] Former Town manager Jim Magilton commented in the local press that he disliked the nickname, saying that it conjured up, "images of carrot-crunching yokels";[60] while players such as Matt Holland accepted the chant with good humour.[60]

Statistics and records

League positions since 1938–39 season.
Horizontal lines indicate league divisions.

Mick Mills holds the record for Ipswich league appearances, having played 591 first-team matches between 1966 and 1982. The club's top league goalscorer is Ray Crawford, who scored 203 goals between 1958 and 1969, while Ted Phillips holds the record for the most goals scored in a season, 41 in the 1956–57 season in Division Three (South). Allan Hunter is the most capped player for the club, making 47 appearances for Northern Ireland.

The club's widest victory margins in the league have been their 7–0 wins against Portsmouth in the Second Division in 1964, against Southampton in the First Division in 1974 and against West Bromwich Albion in the First Division in 1976. Their heaviest defeats in the league were 10–1 against Fulham in 1963 and 9–0 against Manchester United in 1995.

Ipswich's record home attendance is 38,010 for a sixth round FA Cup match against Leeds United on 8 March 1975. With the introduction of regulations enforcing all-seater stadiums, it is unlikely that this record will be beaten in the foreseeable future.

The highest transfer fee received for an Ipswich player is £6.5  million, from Newcastle United for Kieron Dyer in July 1999, while the most spent by the club on a player was £4.75  million for Matteo Sereni from Sampdoria in July 2001 following the club's successful qualification for the UEFA Cup.[64]

Players

As of 12 March 2010.[65]
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Current squad

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 England GK Richard Wright
2 England DF David Wright
3 Republic of Ireland DF Damien Delaney
4 Northern Ireland DF Gareth McAuley
6 England MF Grant Leadbitter
7 Republic of Ireland MF Owen Garvan
8 England MF Lee Martin
9 Spain FW Pablo Couñago
10 England MF David Norris
12 Canada MF Jaime Peters
13 Argentina MF Luciano Civelli
15 Netherlands DF Pim Balkestein
17 England MF Jack Colback (on loan from Sunderland)
19 Republic of Ireland FW Jon Walters (captain)
20 Northern Ireland FW David Healy (on loan from Sunderland)
No. Position Player
21 Republic of Ireland FW Daryl Murphy (on loan from Sunderland)
22 England DF Liam Rosenior (on loan from Reading)
23 Trinidad and Tobago MF Carlos Edwards
25 Republic of Ireland MF Alan Quinn
26 Republic of Ireland GK Brian Murphy
28 England GK Arran Lee-Barrett
30 Republic of Ireland DF Shane O'Connor
31 United States MF Devann Yao
32 Republic of Ireland GK Ian McLoughlin
34 England DF Jack Ainsley
35 New Zealand DF Tommy Smith
37 Bermuda MF Reggie Lambe
39 Wales DF Troy Brown
40 England FW Connor Wickham
44 Republic of Ireland FW Ronan Murray
46 England MF Luke Hyam

On loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
5 Republic of Ireland DF Alex Bruce (at Leicester City until the end of the 2009–10 season)
11 Jamaica FW Kevin Lisbie (at Colchester United until the end of the 2009–10 season)
14 England FW Jon Stead (at Coventry City until the end of the 2009–10 season)
16 Hungary FW Tamás Priskin (at Q.P.R. until the end of the 2009–10 season)
No. Position Player
18 Republic of Ireland MF Colin Healy (at Falkirk until the end of the 2009–10 season)
29 England MF Ed Upson (at Barnet F.C. until April 2010)
36 England MF Liam Trotter (at Millwall until the end of the 2009–10 season)

Players of the Year

Towards the end of each season, a player is voted as "Player of the Year" by the fans.

Managers

As of 20 March 2009. Only managers in charge for a minimum of 50 professional, competitive matches are counted.[66]
Name Nat From To Record
P W D L F A %W
Scott Duncan Scotland 12 November 1937 7 August 1955 &0000000000000505.000000505 &0000000000000205.000000205 &0000000000000113.000000113 &0000000000000187.000000187 &0000000000000796.000000796 &0000000000000778.000000778 &0000000000000040.60000040.6
Alf Ramsey England 8 August 1955 30 April 1963 &0000000000000369.000000369 &0000000000000176.000000176 &0000000000000075.00000075 &0000000000000118.000000118 &0000000000000723.000000723 &0000000000000584.000000584 &0000000000000047.70000047.7
Jackie Milburn England 1 May 1963 8 September 1964 &0000000000000056.00000056 &0000000000000011.00000011 &0000000000000012.00000012 &0000000000000033.00000033 &0000000000000075.00000075 &0000000000000146.000000146 &0000000000000019.60000019.6
Bill McGarry England 5 October 1964 23 November 1968 &0000000000000196.000000196 &0000000000000080.00000080 &0000000000000062.00000062 &0000000000000054.00000054 &0000000000000323.000000323 &0000000000000272.000000272 &0000000000000040.80000040.8
Bobby Robson England 13 January 1969 18 August 1982 &0000000000000709.000000709 &0000000000000316.000000316 &0000000000000173.000000173 &0000000000000220.000000220 &0000000000001031.0000001,031 &0000000000000814.000000814 &0000000000000044.60000044.6
Bobby Ferguson England 19 August 1982 17 May 1987 &0000000000000258.000000258 &0000000000000097.00000097 &0000000000000061.00000061 &0000000000000100.000000100 &0000000000000335.000000335 &0000000000000323.000000323 &0000000000000037.60000037.6
John Duncan Scotland 17 June 1987 5 May 1990 &0000000000000161.000000161 &0000000000000073.00000073 &0000000000000029.00000029 &0000000000000059.00000059 &0000000000000237.000000237 &0000000000000214.000000214 &0000000000000045.30000045.3
John Lyall England 11 May 1990 5 December 1994 &0000000000000231.000000231 &0000000000000077.00000077 &0000000000000075.00000075 &0000000000000079.00000079 &0000000000000291.000000291 &0000000000000308.000000308 &0000000000000033.30000033.3
George Burley Scotland 28 December 1994 11 October 2002 &0000000000000413.000000413 &0000000000000188.000000188 &0000000000000096.00000096 &0000000000000129.000000129 &0000000000000620.000000620 &0000000000000497.000000497 &0000000000000045.50000045.5
Joe Royle England 28 October 2002 11 May 2006 &0000000000000189.000000189 &0000000000000081.00000081 &0000000000000048.00000048 &0000000000000060.00000060 &0000000000000308.000000308 &0000000000000265.000000265 &0000000000000042.90000042.9
Jim Magilton Northern Ireland 5 June 2006 22 April 2009 &0000000000000143.000000143 &0000000000000055.00000055 &0000000000000039.00000039 &0000000000000049.00000049 &0000000000000198.000000198 &0000000000000174.000000174 &0000000000000038.50000038.5
Roy Keane Republic of Ireland 23 April 2009 Present &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000 &-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1.0000000 !

Honours

Honour Year(s)
Football League Champions 1961–62[10]
FA Cup Winners 1977–78
UEFA Cup Winners 1980–81
First Division Play-Offs Winners 1999–00
Old Second Division Champions 1960–61, 1967–68, 1991–92
Old Third Division South Champions 1953–54, 1956–57
Texaco Cup Winners 1973
FA Youth Cup Winners 1972–73, 1974–75, 2004–05
Amsterdam 700 Tournament Winners 1981
Uhrencup winners 1963[67]

Ipswich Town in popular culture

A number of Ipswich players featured alongside Sylvester Stallone and Pelé in the 1981 prisoner of war film Escape to Victory, including John Wark, Russell Osman, Robin Turner, Laurie Sivell and Kevin O'Callaghan. Other Ipswich Town players stood in for actors in the football scenes – Kevin Beattie for Michael Caine, and Paul Cooper for Sylvester Stallone.[68]

Notes

I^ : Up until 2000, when the stand was completely rebuilt, it was commonly referred to as "Churchmans" after the family who owned the tobacco factory (before John Players Ltd) which stood next to it.
II^ : As Caretaker-manager(s).

References

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  33. ^ "West Ham reach final". BBC Sport. 2004-05-18. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/eng_div_1/3713951.stm. Retrieved 2007-03-19. 
  34. ^ "Championship Play-Off 2003/2004". Soccerbase. http://www.soccerbase.com/cup2.sd?competitionid=147&seasonid=133. Retrieved 2007-03-19. 
  35. ^ "Plymouth 2–1 Ipswich". BBC Sport. 30 April 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/low/football/eng_div_1/4933606.stm. Retrieved 2008-01-07. 
  36. ^ "Who will succeed Joe Royle?". BBC Suffolk. http://www.bbc.co.uk/suffolk/content/articles/2006/05/12/itfc_joe_royle_departure_first_feature.shtml. Retrieved 2007-03-19. 
  37. ^ "Magilton is new Ipswich boss". BBC Suffolk. 2006-06-20. http://www.bbc.co.uk/suffolk/content/articles/2006/06/05/jim_magilton_appointed_feature.shtml. Retrieved 2007-03-19. 
  38. ^ "Ipswich agree to sell £44m stake". BBC Sport. 31 October 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/i/ipswich_town/7070904.stm. Retrieved 2007-11-07. 
  39. ^ "Now Sullivan joins the takeover bidding". East Anglian Daily Times. 7 November 2007. http://www.eveningstar.co.uk/content/eveningstar/news/story.aspx?brand=ESTOnline&category=News&tBrand=ESTOnline&tCategory=News&itemid=IPED07%20Nov%202007%2008%3A22%3A34%3A157. Retrieved 2007-11-07. 
  40. ^ "Evans completes Ipswich takeover". BBC Sport. 17 December 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/i/ipswich_town/7144881.stm. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  41. ^ "New Club Sponsor Revealed". ITFC. 2008-05-20. http://www.itfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/NewsDetail/0,,10272~1315966,00.html. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  42. ^ "Keane appointed Ipswich manager". BBC Sport. April 23, 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/i/ipswich_town/8013572.stm. Retrieved 2009-04-23. 
  43. ^ a b "Ipswich Town F.C. kit". Pride of Anglia.com. http://www.tmwmtt.com/history/ipswich_kits_00s.htm. Retrieved 2007-03-19. 
  44. ^ "The Club Badge". Ipswich Town F.C.. http://www.itfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/ClubHistory/0,,10272~345822,00.html. Retrieved 2007-03-16. 
  45. ^ "Away shirt proving a hit". Ipswich Town F.C.. http://www.itfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/NewsDetail/0,,10272~518099,00.html. Retrieved 2008-01-30. 
  46. ^ "New kit available for pre-order". Ipswich Town F.C.. http://www.itfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/NewsDetail/0,,10272~631956,00.html. Retrieved 2008-01-30. 
  47. ^ "New home shirt revealed". Ipswich Town F.C.. http://www.itfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/NewsDetail/0,,10272~942109,00.html. Retrieved 2008-01-30. 
  48. ^ "The New Blue Army". BBC Suffolk. 2006-02-03. http://www.bbc.co.uk/suffolk/content/articles/2006/02/02/ipswich_town_iraq_shirts_feature.shtml. Retrieved 2007-03-19. 
  49. ^ "Ground history for Ipswich Town". Soccerbase. http://www.soccerbase.com/grounds_history.sd?teamid=1372. Retrieved 2007-03-16. 
  50. ^ a b c d e f "History of the Stadium". Ipswich Town F.C.. http://www.itfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/ClubHistory/0,,10272~347159,00.html. Retrieved 2007-03-16. 
  51. ^ "Sir Bobby Robson statue unveiling". Ipswich Town F.C.. http://www.itfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/ClubHistory/0,,10272~341010,00.html. Retrieved 2007-03-16. 
  52. ^ "Statue of Sir Alf unveiled – Part One". Ipswich Town F.C.. http://www.itfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/ClubHistory/0,,10272~346104,00.html. Retrieved 2007-03-16. 
  53. ^ "Ipswich scoop pitch award again". BBC Sport. 2005-04-22. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/i/ipswich_town/4472871.stm. Retrieved 2007-03-16. 
  54. ^ Clive Tyldesley (2001-04-15). "Understated Ipswich begin to betray their excitement". The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/main.jhtml?xml=/sport/2001/04/15/sfnips16.xml. Retrieved 2007-03-19. 
  55. ^ "Groundsman admits mistakes made". Ipswich Evening Star. 2007-01-03. http://www.eveningstar.co.uk/content/eveningstar/sport/story.aspx?brand=ESTOnline&category=Sport&tBrand=ESTOnline&tCategory=sport&itemid=IPED03%20Jan%202007%2011%3A52%3A37%3A173. Retrieved 2007-03-19. 
  56. ^ "2008–09 Championship Attendances". The Football League. http://www.football-league.co.uk/page/Attendance/0,,10794~200810272~7,00.html. Retrieved 2009-10-04. 
  57. ^ "League attendance 2008–09". The Football League. http://www.football-league.co.uk/page/Attendance/0,,10794~200810272~7,00.html. Retrieved 2009-10-04. 
  58. ^ Ronald Atkin (2006-11-19). "East Anglia Derby: Grant ready with his shark riposte". The Independent. http://sport.independent.co.uk/football/coca_cola/article1996290.ece. Retrieved 2007-03-19. 
  59. ^ This includes matches played at an amateur level.
  60. ^ a b c "That Was The Weekend That Was: Ipswich chant sows seeds of discontent". The Independent. 2000-12-04. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_20001204/ai_n14356924. Retrieved 2007-03-16. 
  61. ^ "Tractor boys making noise". BBC Sport. 2000-12-19. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/low/football/teams/i/ipswich_town/1078006.stm. Retrieved 2007-03-19. 
  62. ^ Andrew Warshaw (2002-02-03). "One in a thousand as Tractor Boys plough on". The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/main.jhtml?xml=/sport/2002/02/02/sfgeve03.xml. Retrieved 2007-03-19. 
  63. ^ Alex Hayes (2001-03-18). "Reuser keeps tractor boys rolling". The Independent. http://sport.independent.co.uk/football/coca_cola/article248034.ece. Retrieved 2008-01-07. 
  64. ^ "Ipswich Town all time records". Soccerbase. http://www.soccerbase.com/team_records.sd?teamid=1372. Retrieved 2007-03-17. 
  65. ^ "Ipswich Town – Team". Ipswich Town F.C.. http://www.itfc.co.uk/page/TeamHome/0,,10272,00.html. Retrieved 2009-08-13. 
  66. ^ "The Management". Pride Of Anglia.com. http://www.tmwmtt.com/sql/managers/index.phtml. Retrieved 2007-03-21. 
  67. ^ "Uhrencup – Hall of Fame". http://www.uhrencup.ch/eng/halloffame.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  68. ^ "Victory (1981)". Internet Movie Database. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0083284/. Retrieved 2007-03-19. 

External links

This audio file was created from a revision dated 2007-06-24, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. (Audio help)
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Simple English

Ipswich Town F.C.
Full nameIpswich Town Football Club
Founded1878
GroundPortman Road
Ipswich
(Capacity 30,311[1])
ChairmanMarcus Evans[2]
ManagerPaul Jewell
LeagueChampionship
2009/10Championship, 15th
 
Home colours
 
Away colours

Ipswich Town Football Club (Ipswich Town) is an English football club. It is based in Ipswich in the county of Suffolk. The club was founded in 1878. The home stadium of the club is Portman Road.

Ipswich Town has played in the Football League Championship since 2002. The club has won the top division once, in 1962 and the FA Cup in 1978. They have also been successful in European football, winning the UEFA Cup in 1981. The chairman of the club is Marcus Evans and the current manager is Paul Jewell. Two of the club's previous managers have gone on to manage the England national football team, and one has gone on to manage the Scotland national football team.

Contents

History

Ipswich Town F.C. was started as an amateur team in 1878 and was called "Ipswich A.F.C."[3] The club played a lot of games in the local area and won several cup competitions.[4] In 1936, they became a professional club and joined a league called the "Southern League" which they won in their first season. In 1938, they were elected to join The Football League and played in "Division Three (South)" until the end of the 1954 season when they were promoted to "Division Two".[5]

In 1961, Ipswich Town won their division and were promoted to the highest level of English football, "Division One". The club went on to win this division the next season. This earned them the right to play in a European football competition, The European Cup the following season. They were relegated two years later, back to "Division Two" where they stayed for four years before being promoted to "Division One" again in 1968. Soon after, Bobby Robson became the manager of the club and led them to success in both English and European football. In 1978 Ipswich won the FA Cup at Wembley Stadium, beating Arsenal F.C. 1–0. Further success came in 1981 when Ipswich defeated Dutch team AZ Alkmaar.[6]

Bobby Robson was asked to become manager of the England national football team in 1982 so he left the club. Ipswich did not do well in the following seasons and were relegated to "Division Two" in 1986. They remained here until 1993 when they won the division and promotion into the new English Premier League. Two poor seasons followed, including a 9–0 defeat by Manchester United, still the biggest defeat in Premier League history.[7][8] In 1995 Ipswich were relegated once again and stayed in second division of English football until they were promoted in 2000 after they beat Barnsley in the play-offs at Wembley 4–2.[5]

In their first season in the Premier League, Ipswich finished fifth. This meant they qualified to play in the UEFA Cup the next season. Although the club played well in the European competition, they were poor in the Premier League. They finished bottom and were relegated to Division One, now called Football League Championship.[5] As of 2010, the club are still in this division.

Colours and crest

One of Ipswich Town's nicknames is The Blues.[9] This is because the traditional kit the players wear is usually mostly blue. When Ipswich play against other teams who also wear blue, they change to an alternative kit, sometimes called an "away" kit. The "away" kit has been different colours including orange, white, red and black vertical stripes and, as of 2009, plain red.[10]

The crest which is on the shirts and shorts of the kit shows a horse, with one hoof resting on a football. Underneath the horse is a river—this represents the River Orwell which flows through the town.[11]

Stadium

Ipswich Town play their home games at a stadium called Portman Road. The club started playing games here in 1884.[12] The stadium can hold over 30,000 people. Outside the ground there are statues of both Bobby Robson and Sir Alf Ramsey.[13][14]

In 2003, England played a game against Croatia at Portman Road.[15] England won the game 3–1.[16] The England youth team has also played at the stadium several times.[17]

Other sports have been played at Portman Road, including athletics, hockey and American football. The stadium has also been used for events other than sports. It has been used for concerts by Elton John,[18] R.E.M.,[19] Red Hot Chili Peppers,[20] and Rod Stewart.[21]

Supporters

File:ITFC
A graph showing the number of supporters who went to watch Ipswich play from 1936 to 2006

Local fans call the team "Town" because it is a shortened version of the team name. Some people also call Ipswich the "Tractor Boys". This nickname is used a lot by newspapers.[22][23] Many Ipswich fans use this name as a joke rather than letting it be an insult.

The main rival of Ipswich Town is Norwich City who are based in Norfolk. When these two teams play, the game is called the "East Anglian derby".The derby is usaully refeard to as the old farm derby.[24][25]

Records

Mick Mills holds the record for Ipswich league appearances. He played 591 matches between 1966 and 1982. The club's top league goalscorer is Ray Crawford, who scored 203 goals between 1958 and 1969. Ted Phillips holds the record for the most goals scored in a season, 41 in the 1956–57 season. Allan Hunter has played the most international games while at the club, making 47 appearances for Northern Ireland.

The club's widest victories in the league have been their 7–0 wins against Portsmouth in 1964, against Southampton in 1974 and against West Bromwich Albion in the First Division in 1976. Their biggest defeats in the league were 10–1 against Fulham in 1963 and 9–0 against Manchester United in 1995.

The highest number of people to watch Ipswich at Portman Road is 38,010 for a sixth round FA Cup match against Leeds United on 8 March 1975.

The largest amount of money received for an Ipswich player is £6.5 million, from Newcastle United for Kieron Dyer in July 1999. The most the club has spent on a player was £4.75 million for Matteo Sereni from Sampdoria in July 2001.[26]

Managers

Paul Jewell is the current manager of Ipswich Town. He was formerly the manager of Derby County F.C. who he left in 2008. Jewell joined Ipswich in January 2011.[27]

Two managers of Ipswich Town have gone on to become the manager of the England national football team. The first was Sir Alf Ramsey. He also won the World Cup for England in 1966. The second was Sir Bobby Robson who got England to the semi-finals of the 1990 World Cup finals. George Burley became manager of the Scotland national football team in January 2008, for 22 months.

Name Nat From To Record
PWDLFA%W
Scott Duncan 12 November 1937 7 August 1955 &&&&&&&&&&&&0505.&&&&&0505 &&&&&&&&&&&&0205.&&&&&0205 &&&&&&&&&&&&0113.&&&&&0113 &&&&&&&&&&&&0187.&&&&&0187&&&&&&&&&&&&0796.&&&&&0796&&&&&&&&&&&&0778.&&&&&0778 &&&&&&&&&&&&&040.60000040.6
Alf Ramsey 8 August 1955 30 April 1963 &&&&&&&&&&&&0369.&&&&&0369 &&&&&&&&&&&&0176.&&&&&0176 &&&&&&&&&&&&&075.&&&&&075 &&&&&&&&&&&&0118.&&&&&0118&&&&&&&&&&&&0723.&&&&&0723&&&&&&&&&&&&0584.&&&&&0584 &&&&&&&&&&&&&047.70000047.7
Jackie Milburn 1 May 1963 8 September 1964 &&&&&&&&&&&&&056.&&&&&056 &&&&&&&&&&&&&011.&&&&&011 &&&&&&&&&&&&&012.&&&&&012 &&&&&&&&&&&&&033.&&&&&033&&&&&&&&&&&&&075.&&&&&075&&&&&&&&&&&&0146.&&&&&0146 &&&&&&&&&&&&&019.60000019.6
Bill McGarry 5 October 1964 23 November 1968 &&&&&&&&&&&&0196.&&&&&0196 &&&&&&&&&&&&&080.&&&&&080 &&&&&&&&&&&&&062.&&&&&062 &&&&&&&&&&&&&054.&&&&&054&&&&&&&&&&&&0323.&&&&&0323&&&&&&&&&&&&0272.&&&&&0272 &&&&&&&&&&&&&040.80000040.8
Bobby Robson 13 January 1969 18 August 1982 &&&&&&&&&&&&0709.&&&&&0709 &&&&&&&&&&&&0316.&&&&&0316 &&&&&&&&&&&&0173.&&&&&0173 &&&&&&&&&&&&0220.&&&&&0220&&&&&&&&&&&01031.&&&&&01,031&&&&&&&&&&&&0814.&&&&&0814 &&&&&&&&&&&&&044.60000044.6
Bobby Ferguson 19 August 1982 17 May 1987 &&&&&&&&&&&&0258.&&&&&0258 &&&&&&&&&&&&&097.&&&&&097 &&&&&&&&&&&&&061.&&&&&061 &&&&&&&&&&&&0100.&&&&&0100&&&&&&&&&&&&0335.&&&&&0335&&&&&&&&&&&&0323.&&&&&0323 &&&&&&&&&&&&&037.60000037.6
John Duncan 17 June 1987 5 May 1990 &&&&&&&&&&&&0161.&&&&&0161 &&&&&&&&&&&&&073.&&&&&073 &&&&&&&&&&&&&029.&&&&&029 &&&&&&&&&&&&&059.&&&&&059&&&&&&&&&&&&0237.&&&&&0237&&&&&&&&&&&&0214.&&&&&0214 &&&&&&&&&&&&&045.30000045.3
John Lyall 11 May 1990 5 December 1994 &&&&&&&&&&&&0231.&&&&&0231 &&&&&&&&&&&&&077.&&&&&077 &&&&&&&&&&&&&075.&&&&&075 &&&&&&&&&&&&&079.&&&&&079&&&&&&&&&&&&0291.&&&&&0291&&&&&&&&&&&&0308.&&&&&0308 &&&&&&&&&&&&&033.30000033.3
George Burley 28 December 1994 11 October 2002 &&&&&&&&&&&&0413.&&&&&0413 &&&&&&&&&&&&0188.&&&&&0188 &&&&&&&&&&&&&096.&&&&&096 &&&&&&&&&&&&0129.&&&&&0129&&&&&&&&&&&&0620.&&&&&0620&&&&&&&&&&&&0497.&&&&&0497 &&&&&&&&&&&&&045.50000045.5
Joe Royle 28 October 2002 11 May 2006 &&&&&&&&&&&&0189.&&&&&0189 &&&&&&&&&&&&&081.&&&&&081 &&&&&&&&&&&&&048.&&&&&048 &&&&&&&&&&&&&060.&&&&&060&&&&&&&&&&&&0308.&&&&&0308&&&&&&&&&&&&0265.&&&&&0265 &&&&&&&&&&&&&042.90000042.9
Jim Magilton 5 June 2006 22 April 2009 &&&&&&&&&&&&0143.&&&&&0143 &&&&&&&&&&&&&055.&&&&&055 &&&&&&&&&&&&&039.&&&&&039 &&&&&&&&&&&&&049.&&&&&049&&&&&&&&&&&&0198.&&&&&0198&&&&&&&&&&&&0174.&&&&&0174 &&&&&&&&&&&&&038.50000038.5

Championships

File:UEFA Cup the
The UEFA Cup which Ipswich won in 1981

Ipswich Town won the top division once (when it was called Division One) in 1962. The club has won the FA Cup once, in 1978, when they defeated Arsenal F.C. 1–0. The club has also won the UEFA Cup once in 1981.[28]

Honour Year(s)
Football League First Division winners 1962
FA Cup winners 1978
UEFA Cup winners 1981
Division One Play-Off winners 2000
Division Two champions 1961, 1968, 1992
Third Division (South) champions 1954, 1957
Texaco Cup winners 1973
FA Youth Cup winners 1973, 1975, 2005

League position

SeasonLeaguePosition
2000/01Premier League5th
2001/02Premier League18th
2002/03First Division7th
2003/04First Division5th
2004/05Championship3rd
2005/06Championship15th
2006/07Championship14th
2007/08Championship8th
2008/09Championship9th
2009/10Championship15th

Former position

References

This audio file was created from an article revision dated 2009-09-05, and does not play the most recent changes to the article. (Audio help)
  1. "History of the Stadium". Ipswich Town F.C.. http://www.itfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/ClubHistory/0,,10272~347159,00.html. Retrieved 2007-03-16. 
  2. "Directors of the ITFC Boards". Ipswich Town F.C.. http://www.itfc.co.uk/page/WhosWho/0,,10272~553258,00.html. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  3. "Cobbolds and Ipswich Town Football Club". The Cobbold Family History Trust. http://www.cobboldfht.com/features/feature1.php. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  4. "Honours by season". Pride Of Anglia (requires subscription). http://www.tmwmtt.com/history/honours-by-season.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
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  6. "Ipswich thankful for Thijssen". UEFA. http://www.uefa.com/competitions/uefacup/history/season=1980/intro.html. Retrieved 2007-03-16. 
  7. "Arsenal 7-0 Everton". BBC Sport. 2005-05-11. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/eng_prem/4528611.stm. Retrieved 2009-04-09. 
  8. "Final 1994/1995 English Premier Table". Soccerbase. http://www.soccerbase.com/league2.sd?competitionid=1&seasonid=124. Retrieved 2009-04-09. 
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  10. "Ipswich Town F.C. kit". Pride of Anglia.com (requires subscription). http://www.tmwmtt.com/history/ipswich_kits_00s.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  11. "The Club Badge". Ipswich Town F.C.. http://www.itfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/ClubHistory/0,,10272~345822,00.html. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  12. "History of the Stadium". Ipswich Town F.C.. http://www.itfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/ClubHistory/0,,10272~347159,00.html. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  13. "Sir Bobby Robson statue unveiling". Ipswich Town F.C.. http://www.itfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/ClubHistory/0,,10272~341010,00.html. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  14. "Statue of Sir Alf unveiled - Part One". Ipswich Town F.C.. http://www.itfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/ClubHistory/0,,10272~346104,00.html. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  15. "FA chooses Portman Road". BBC Sport. 2003-06-18. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/internationals/england/3000152.stm. Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  16. "England 3 Croatia 1". The Football Association. http://www.englandfc.com/reports/report_eng_v_croatiafri2003.html. Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  17. "Portman Road ready for England". The Football Association. 2003-06-17. http://www.thefa.com/England/SeniorTeam/NewsAndFeatures/Postings/2003/06/52849.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
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  19. "R.E.M playing at Portman Road". BBC Suffolk. http://www.bbc.co.uk/suffolk/content/articles/2004/10/08/rem_concert_ipswich_event_feature.shtml. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  20. "Red Hot Chili Peppers". The Guardian. 2006-07-03. http://arts.guardian.co.uk/reviews/story/0,,1811109,00.html. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  21. "Rod Stewart is set to rock Ipswich". Ipswich Evening Star. 2006-11-07. http://www.eveningstar.co.uk/content/eveningstar/news/story.aspx?brand=ESTOnline&category=News&tBrand=ESTOnline&tCategory=News&itemid=IPED07%20Nov%202006%2011%3A52%3A42%3A567. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  22. Andrew Warshaw (2002-02-03). "One in a thousand as Tractor Boys plough on". The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/main.jhtml?xml=/sport/2002/02/02/sfgeve03.xml. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  23. Alex Hayes (2001-03-18). "Reuser keeps tractor boys rolling". The Independent. http://sport.independent.co.uk/football/coca_cola/article248034.ece. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  24. "Lee Croft hands Norwich victory over Ipswich in 90th East Anglian derby". The Times. 7 December, 2008. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/sport/football/football_league/article5302761.ece. Retrieved 2009-04-04. 
  25. "Johnson fails to add the finishing touch". The Independent. 12 April, 1999. http://www.independent.co.uk/sport/football-johnson-fails-to-add-the-finishing-touch-1086748.html. Retrieved 2009-04-04. "...this East Anglian derby never sparked into life..." 
  26. "Ipswich Town all time records". Soccerbase. http://www.soccerbase.com/team_records.sd?teamid=1372. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  27. "Paul Jewell named as Ipswich Town manager". BBC. January 10, 2011. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/i/ipswich_town/9347849.stm. Retrieved 2011-10-01. 
  28. "Club honours". Ipswich Town F.C.. http://www.itfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/ClubHistory/0,,10272~347323,00.html. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 


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