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Senate House of Iran
Coat of arms or logo.
Type
Type upper house
Leadership
Speaker Ebrahim Hakimi
Speaker Hasan Taqizadeh
Speaker Mohsen Sadr
Speaker Jafar Sharif-Emami
Speaker Mohammad Sajadi
Structure
Members 100
Meeting place
Senat_02.jpg
Senate, Tehran, Iran
Website

The Senate House of Iran (Kakh-e Majles-e Sena) was the upper house legislative chamber during the Pahlavi dynasty and was disbanded after the Islamic Revolution in 1979 in Iran, when the legislature became unicameral. It had been established in the 1906 Iranian Constitutional Revolution.

Currently, the building is used by the Assembly of Experts.

Contents

History

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Constitution

Established as per Chapter 3, Article 45 of the Iranian Constitution of 1906,

The Members of this Assembly shall be chosen from amongst the well-informed, discerning, pious and respected persons of the Realm. Thirty of them shall be nominated on the part of His Imperial Majesty (fifteen of the people of Tehran, and fifteen of the people of the Provinces), and thirty by the Nation (fifteen elected by the people of Tehran, and fifteen by the people of the Provinces).

The Building

The Senate House of Iran was designed by the Architect Heydar Ghiaï in 1955"[1].The construction was lead by Mr. Rahmat Safai, the dome being one of the most technically challenging projects in the entire endeavor.

The building is depicted on the reverse of the Iranian 100 rials banknote.[2]

Members

Dr.Jafar Sharif-Emami, as President of the Senate until 1978

List of Speakers

Name Entered office Left office Party
Senate House
1 Ebrahim Hakimi 19 August 1951 1 March 1957 Party for Progress
2 Hasan Taqizadeh 1 March 1957 1 September 1960 Liberal Party
3 Mohsen Sadr 11 September 1960 11 September 1964 Socialist Party
4 Jafar Sharif-Emami 11 September 1964 24 March 1978 Rastakhiz
5 Mohammad Sajadi 24 March 1978 10 February 1979 National Front

Dissolution

Following the Iranian revolution in 1979, the government became unicameral, the senate was dissolved and the new Majlis convened in the senate building.

Major Events

  • 1950 (February 9th), first inaugural session presided by His Imperial Majesty Mohammad Reza Pahlavi .
  • 1952, Mohammad Mossadeq mangaged to obtain power to rule by decree — first, for a six-month period and then extended — due to his popularity. Later, he organized a plebiscite in 1953, won the votes, and dissolved both the Majlis and Senate[7]. Upon Mossadeq's ouster, the legislative bodies were revived.
  • 1961, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi dissolved both the Majlis and Senate[8]. Some time after this, the bodies were restored once again.

Bibliography

  • M. Ghiai, Iran Senate House, Max Gerard Edt.Draeger Paris, 1976 ISBN 2-85119-008-3

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ Max Gérard, Iran Senate House Heydar Ghiaï, Editions Draeger, 1976
  2. ^ Central Bank of Iran. Banknotes & Coins: 100 Rials. – Retrieved on 24 March 2009.
  3. ^ Muslims (Library of Religious Beliefs and Practices), page 213, ISBN 978-0415348829
  4. ^ Iranian.com | Archive Pages
  5. ^ [http://ibexpub.com/index.php?main_page=pubs_product_book_info&cPath=5&products_id=89 Memoirs of Sharif-Emami, Prime Minister Persian Language ISBN 0-932885-22-5
  6. ^ IRANIAN ORAL HISTORY PROJECT HARVARD UNIVERSITY
  7. ^ Historical Setting: MOSSADEQ AND OIL NATIONALIZATION
  8. ^ Confidential, U.S. State Department, Central Files IRAN, 1960-January 1963, Internal Affairs and Foreign Affairs
  9. ^ "Iranian senate's approval of Shahpour Bakhtiar's government noted"ABC Evening News for Monday, Jan 15, 1979

External links


Senate House of Iran
Type
Type upper house
Leadership
Speaker Ebrahim Hakimi (1951-1957)
Hasan Taqizadeh (1957-1960)
Mohsen Sadr (1960-1964)
Jafar Sharif-Emami (1964-1978)
Mohammad Sajadi (1978-1979)
Structure
Members 100
Meeting place
Senate, Tehran, Iran
Website

The Senate House of Iran (Kakh-e Majles-e Sena, کاخ مجلس سنا) was the upper house legislative chamber during the Pahlavi dynasty and was disbanded after the Islamic Revolution in 1979 in Iran, when the legislature became unicameral. It had been established in the 1906 Iranian Constitutional Revolution.

Currently, the building is used by the Assembly of Experts.

Contents

History

Constitution

Established as per Chapter 3, Article 45 of the Iranian Constitution of 1906,

The Members of this Assembly shall be chosen from amongst the well-informed, discerning, pious and respected persons of the Realm. Thirty of them shall be nominated on the part of His Imperial Majesty (fifteen of the people of Tehran, and fifteen of the people of the Provinces), and thirty by the Nation (fifteen elected by the people of Tehran, and fifteen by the people of the Provinces).

The Building

The Senate House of Iran was designed by the Architect Heydar Ghiaï in 1955"[1].The construction was led by Mr. Rahmat Safai, the dome being one of the most technically challenging projects in the entire endeavor.

The building is depicted on the reverse of the Iranian 100 rials banknote.[2]

Members

, as President of the Senate until 1978]]

List of Speakers

Name Entered office Left office Party
Senate House
1 Ebrahim Hakimi 19 August 1951 1 March 1957 Party for Progress
2 Hasan Taqizadeh 1 March 1957 1 September 1960 Liberal Party
3 Mohsen Sadr 11 September 1960 11 September 1964 Socialist Party
4 Jafar Sharif-Emami 11 September 1964 24 March 1978 Rastakhiz
5 Mohammad Sajadi 24 March 1978 10 February 1979 National Front

Dissolution

Following the Iranian revolution in 1979, the government became unicameral, the senate was dissolved and the new Majlis convened in the senate building.

Major Events

  • 1950 (February 9th), first inaugural session presided by His Imperial Majesty Mohammad Reza Pahlavi .
  • 1952, Mohammad Mossadeq mangaged to obtain power to rule by decree — first, for a six-month period and then extended — due to his popularity. Later, he organized a plebiscite in 1953, won the votes, and dissolved both the Majlis and Senate[7]. Upon Mossadeq's ouster, the legislative bodies were revived.
  • 1961, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi dissolved both the Majlis and Senate[8]. Some time after this, the bodies were restored once again.

Bibliography

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ Max Gérard, Iran Senate House Heydar Ghiaï, Editions Draeger, 1976
  2. ^ Central Bank of Iran. Banknotes & Coins: 100 Rials. – Retrieved on 24 March 2009.
  3. ^ Muslims (Library of Religious Beliefs and Practices), page 213, ISBN 978-0-415-34882-9
  4. ^ Iranian.com | Archive Pages
  5. ^ [http://ibexpub.com/index.php?main_page=pubs_product_book_info&cPath=5&products_id=89 Memoirs of Sharif-Emami, Prime Minister Persian Language ISBN 0-932885-22-5
  6. ^ IRANIAN ORAL HISTORY PROJECT HARVARD UNIVERSITY
  7. ^ Historical Setting: MOSSADEQ AND OIL NATIONALIZATION
  8. ^ Confidential, U.S. State Department, Central Files IRAN, 1960-January 1963, Internal Affairs and Foreign Affairs
  9. ^ "Iranian senate's approval of Shahpour Bakhtiar's government noted" ABC Evening News for Monday, Jan 15, 1979

External links


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