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Iraq War (2003-present)
Part of War on Terror
.Iraq header 2.jpg
Clockwise, starting at top left: a joint patrol in Samarra; the toppling of the Saddam Hussein statue in Firdos Square; an Iraqi Army soldier readies his rifle during an assault; an IED detonates in South Baghdad.
^ Iraqi, U.S. forces patrol streets of south Baghdad Maj.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

^ Saddam Hussein can be left alone.
  • Signs & Marches Opposing a War with Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.cs.cmu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ APRIL 9, 2003: Saddam Statue Toppled .
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

Date March 20, 2003–present
Location Iraq
Status Major Combat operations concluded,.[1] Occupation ongoing
Belligerents
United StatesUnited States


Insurgent groups:



For fighting between insurgent groups, see Civil war in Iraq.
Commanders
Iraq Jalal Talabani
Iraq Nouri al-Maliki
Iraqi Kurdistan Massoud Barzani
Iraq Abdul Sattar Abu Risha  (K.I.A.)
United States George W. Bush
United States Barack Obama
United States David Petraeus
United States Tommy Franks
United Kingdom Sir Francis Richard Dannatt
Denmark Anders Fogh Rasmussen
Iraq Saddam Hussein #


Strength
Iraqi Security Forces
631,000 (Army: 254,000, Police: 227,000, FPS: 150,000)
Coalition Forces
~300,000 invasion
98,000 current[5]
Peshmerga
50,000 invasion
~375,000 current
Contractors*
~161,000 (85,000 Iraqi, 45,500 Other, 27,400 US)[6][7]
Awakening militias
~94,000[8]

Iraqi Army: 375,000 (under Saddam Hussein)
Sunni Insurgents
~70,000 (as of 9/07)[10]
Mahdi Army
~60,000[11]
al Qaeda/others
1,300+[12]

PKK: ~4,000[13]
Casualties and losses
Iraqi Security Forces (post-Saddam): 11,900 killed
94 MIA/POW
Coalition dead: 4,704[14][15][16][17] (4,386 US,[18] 179 UK,[19] 139 other)
Coalition missing or captured (US): 2[20]
Coalition wounded: 31,716 US[21], 315 UK[22][23][24][25]
Coalition injured, diseased, or other medical:** 47,541 US[26], 3,598 UK[22][24][25]
Contractors killed: 1,323[27][28][29] (US 244)
Contractors missing or captured: 16 (US 5)
Contractors wounded & injured: 10,569[27]
Awakening Councils:
760+ killed

Turkish Armed Forces:
27 killed (Turkish claim) 125 (PKK claim)[30][31]
Iraqi combatant dead (invasion period): 13,500-45,000 [32]
Insurgents (post-Saddam): ~55,000 [33][34][35]
Detainees: 8,300 (U.S.-held)[36]
24,200 (Iraqi-held)[37][38]

PKK: 537 killed (Turkish Claim), 9 killed (PKK Claim), 230 (official army figures claim)[39]
Documented "unnecessary" violent civilian deaths, Iraq Body Count project January 2009: 95,158 – 103,819 [40]
Total excess deaths, (Lancet) December 2009: 1,366,350***[41][42][43] (highest estimate)
For more information see: Casualties of the Iraq War
*Contractors (U.S. government) perform "highly dangerous duties almost identical to those performed by many U.S. troops."[7]
** "injured, diseased, or other medical" - required medical air transport. .UK number includes wounded ("aeromed evacuations")
***Total deaths include all additional deaths due to increased lawlessness, degraded infrastructure, poorer healthcare, etc.
^ Notably, low numbers for close combat deaths tend to be associated with high numbers for fatalities due to artillery and air interdiction.
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cordesman suggests, when the total number of Americans killed or wounded in Iraq reached 25,000.

^ And to count its own civilian deaths would mean the total US caused civilian deaths exceeds the number of Saddam's murders.
  • Poll: Civilian Death Toll in Iraq May Top 1 Million | CommonDreams.org 22 September 2009 21:35 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

.The Iraq War, also known as the Occupation of Iraq,[44] The Second Gulf War[45] Operation Iraqi Freedom,[46] or Operation New Dawn is an ongoing[47] military campaign which began on March 20, 2003,[48] with the invasion of Iraq by a multinational force led by troops from the United States and the United Kingdom.^ Iraqi combatant fatalities in the 2003 war 4.1.
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Comments on the U.S. invasion campaign against Iraq.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ March 20, 2007 8:46 PM ∞ .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[49]
.Prior to the war, the governments of the United States and the United Kingdom claimed that Iraq's alleged possession of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) posed a threat to their security and that of their coalition/regional allies.^ Iraq ; Iraq War, 2003- ; Physical training ; United States.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ The United States charged the Russians of supposed deliveries of Russian weapons in Iraq.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003) 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.dipity.com [Source type: News]

^ "Do you think the United States can win or cannot win the war in Iraq?"

[50][51][52] .In 2002, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 1441 which called for Iraq to completely cooperate with UN weapon inspectors to verify that Iraq was not in possession of WMD and cruise missiles.^ UN inspectors return to Iraq .
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003) 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.dipity.com [Source type: News]

^ The National Council of Churches passed a resolution Nov.
  • The war in Iraq turns 4: Religion and ethics resources | ReligionLink 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.religionlink.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ United Nations weapons inspectors presented their interim report on Iraq's compliance with Security Council resolution 1441.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

.The United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) found no evidence of WMD, but could not verify the accuracy of Iraq's weapon declarations.^ No such weapons were found.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003) 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.dipity.com [Source type: News]

^ WMD found in Iraq.

^ And there were no weapons found.
  • lies.com » US Deaths in Vietnam and Iraq by Month 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.lies.com [Source type: Original source]

[53][54][55][56] .Lead weapons inspector Hans Blix advised the UN Security Council that while Iraq was cooperating in terms of access, Iraq's declarations with regards to WMD still could not be verified.^ UN inspectors return to Iraq .
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003) 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.dipity.com [Source type: News]

^ "The last UN weapons inspectors left Iraq in October 1998.

^ Report of UNMOVIC chief inspector Hans Blix to the UN Security Council .
  • The Iraq Crisis and War - Timeline - a chronology of events 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.mideastweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[53][57]
.After investigation following the invasion, the U.S.-led Iraq Survey Group concluded that Iraq had ended its nuclear, chemical, and biological programs in 1991 and had no active programs at the time of the invasion, but that they intended to resume production if the Iraq sanctions were lifted.^ Iraq's chemical warfare program -- Biological warfare -- Glossary and acronyms.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Do not use nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They have no active navy.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Poll: Support for Iraq war reaches new low « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

[58] .Although some degraded remnants of misplaced or abandoned chemical weapons from before 1991 were found, they were not the weapons which had been the main argument to justify the invasion.^ Some were exposed to chemical weapons.

^ They found weapons, munitions, and stacks of U.S. propaganda leaflets, apparently collected to keep them out of the public's hands.
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They apparently found no chemical weapons themselves, and now military officials here at the Pentagon say they have yet to determine exactly what these chemicals are or how they could have been used in weapons."
  • Iraq and the Media 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.fair.org [Source type: News]

[59] .Some US officials also accused Iraqi President Saddam Hussein of harboring and supporting al-Qaeda,[60] but no evidence of a meaningful connection was ever found.^ Saddam Hussein was found and executed.
  • The war in Iraq: Was it worth it? | Jacksonville.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC jacksonville.com [Source type: General]

^ Iraqi group 'splits' from al-Qaeda .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ NO Al-Qaeda is apart of Afghanistan .
  • WikiAnswers - Iraq War Questions including "What are the general reasons for war" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[61][62] .Other proclaimed reasons for the invasion included Iraq's financial support for the families of Palestinian suicide bombers,[63] Iraqi government human rights abuses,[64] and an effort to spread democracy to the country.^ Carlos was openly supported by the Iraqi government.

^ Invest in IRAQ for the right reasons .
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Poll: Support for Iraq war reaches new low « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The warfare will have spread to other countries, governments will be overthrown.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[65][66]
.The invasion of Iraq led to an occupation and the eventual capture of President Hussein, who was later tried in an Iraqi court of law and executed by the new Iraqi government.^ Executive Presidency to the interim Iraqi government .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They would be tried in a court of law.
  • The Democratic Party | PartyBuilder | Posts with the tag Iraq War 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC my.democrats.org [Source type: Original source]

^ President Obama highlighted U.S. accomplishments in Iraq: doing away with Saddam Hussein's regime, helping establish a sovereign government, dealing al-Qaeda in Iraq "a serious blow," and lifting Iraq out of "tyranny and terror."
  • First Draft: War in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Violence against coalition forces and among various sectarian groups soon led to the Iraqi insurgency, strife between many Sunni and Shia Iraqi groups, and the emergence of a new faction of Al-Qaeda in Iraq.^ Ignoring the daily sectarian violence between numerous Sunni and Shi'ite factions.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Poll: Support for Iraq war reaches new low « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ US pits Iraqi Sunnis against al-Qaeda By Jim Muir .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraqi security forces, allowing sectarian violence to continue in too many areas."
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[67][68] .In October 2006, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the Iraqi government estimated that more than 365,000 Iraqis had been displaced since the 2006 bombing of the al-Askari Mosque, bringing the total number of Iraqi refugees to more than 1.6 million.^ More than 5,000 employees are fired.
  • Iraq: The Media War Plan 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: News]

^ Minimum number of Iraqis displaced by sectarian violence since February: 65,000 .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Since the war began the United States has accepted only 5,000 Iraqi refugees.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

[69] .By 2008, the UNHCR raised the estimate of refugees to a total of about 4.7 million (~16% of the population).^ Other pledges from South Korea, Australia, Denmark and Spain totaled about $280 million.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The war claimed at least 300,000 Iranian lives and injured more than 500,000, out of a total population which by the war's end was nearly 60 million.
  • Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Total world oil production is about 75 million barrels, and OPEC combined produces about 25 million barrels.
  • Revisited - The Real Reasons for the Upcoming War in Iraq: A Macroeconomic and Geostrategic Analysis of the Unspoken Truth, by William Clark, updated: Jan 2004 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.ratical.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The number of refugees estimated abroad was 2 million (a number close to CIA projections[70]) and the number of internally displaced people was 2.7 million.^ There were not large internally displaced people numbers.
  • DefenseLink News Transcript: DoD News Briefing - Secretary Rumsfeld and Gen. Myers 11 September 2009 6:47 UTC www.defenselink.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ The Bush Administration said it was optimistic that many more refugees from the estimated 4.4 million people who had fled Iraq or had been “internally displaced” would be allowed into the United States.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Considering that the next largest group of refugees are from Afghanistan, I think it is pretty safe to say that US military campaigns, not only kill people, but also displace them.
  • Feministing: Iraq War Archives 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[71] .In 2007, Iraq's anti-corruption board reported that 35% of Iraqi children, or about five million children, were orphans.^ It's been five years, 4,000 troops killed, a million Iraqi dead, trillions of taxpayer dollars paid to defense contractors, and billions in oil extorted from Iraq.
  • Recent Events - Northampton Committee to Stop the War in Iraq 23 September 2009 3:55 UTC www.northamptoncommittee.org [Source type: General]

^ Wednesday's release of a British computer expert held by Shiite Muslim insurgents in Iraq since 2007 came about as part of efforts to settle the six-year-old insurgency, an Iraqi government spokesman said.
  • Iraq: News & Videos about Iraq - CNN.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ We are understanding more about these sacrifices you have made in the past and continue to make presently in Afghanistan and Iraq these last five years...
  • Operation Iraq: The Spirit of Christmas 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC operationiraq.org [Source type: General]

[72] .The Red Cross stated in March 2008 that Iraq's humanitarian situation remained among the most critical in the world, with millions of Iraqis forced to rely on insufficient and poor-quality water sources.^ Which state has lost the most soldiers in Iraq?
  • WikiAnswers - Iraq War Questions including "What are the general reasons for war" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "My legislation would allow for a minimal level of U.S. forces to remain in Iraq for targeted counterterrorism activities, training of Iraqi security forces, and the protection of U.S. infrastructure and personnel."
  • Anthony Arnove: The US Occupation of Iraq 18 September 2009 6:49 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam's Strategy: Holding Baghdad Hostage by James A. Phillips March 21, 2003 (WebMemo #232) American forces can converge on Baghdad, the sooner Iraqi morale will collapse, and the faster Saddam’s few remaining loyalists will desert his cause.
  • Progress in Iraq: Facts and Analysis 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.heritage.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[73]
.In June 2008, U.S. Department of Defense officials claimed security and economic indicators began to show signs of improvement in what they hailed as significant and fragile gains.^ But Iraqi officials hailed the decline as a sign that the security crackdown was working.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, he cautioned that security gains were “tenuous” and “fragile,” requiring political and economic progress to cement them.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ They are expected to explain the progress and problems with the counterinsurgency strategy that Petraeus began to implement when he arrived in February - both security and political.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[74] .Iraq was fifth on the 2008 Failed States Index,[75] and sixth on the 2009 list.^ That means that if Iraq's parliament fails to pass the Hydrocarbons bill, then the U.S. could in theory withdraw troops before the 2008 deadline.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraq is the second-most unstable nation in the world, right after Sudan and just before Somalia according to Foreign Policy magazine and the Fund for Peace which published their Failed State Index for 2007 in the July/August issue of the magazine.

^ I read one figure stating Iraq will need 75 billion for the oil sector alone.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[76] .As public opinion favoring troop withdrawals increased and as Iraqi forces began to take responsibility for security, member nations of the Coalition withdrew their forces.^ "It will take time, it will take time for the Iraqi security forces to be able to take over from our forces."
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The KDP takes over most of Iraqi Kurdistan, and Iraqi forces withdraw (2Sept).
  • The Iraq Crisis and War - Timeline - a chronology of events 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.mideastweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iraqi Security Forces are continuing the search.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

[77][78] .In late 2008, the U.S. and Iraqi governments approved a Status of Forces Agreement effective through January 1, 2012.[79] The Iraqi Parliament also ratified a Strategic Framework Agreement with the U.S.,[80] aimed at ensuring cooperation in constitutional rights, threat deterrence, education,[81] energy development, and other areas.^ The Bush administration is leaning on Shahristani not to wait for the fractious Iraqi Parliament to approve the Iraqi oil law that would have provided a legal framework for foreign investment in the oil industry.
  • large collection of articles on the Invasion Of iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.countercurrents.org [Source type: News]

^ The war had quick result of the removal (and later execution) of Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein and the formation of a democratically elected parliament and ratified constitution, which won UN approval.
  • Iraq War - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Iraq War - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 15 January 2010 22:022 UTC locke.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Iraq War - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The terms of the Status of Forces Agreement effectively allow the U.S. to continue to control billions of dollars of proceeds from the sale of exported Iraqi oil held in the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  • large collection of articles on the Invasion Of iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.countercurrents.org [Source type: News]

[82]
.In late February 2009, new U.S. President Barack Obama announced an 18-month withdrawal window for combat forces, with approximately 50,000 troops remaining in the country "to advise and train Iraqi security forces and to provide intelligence and surveillance".[83][84] General Ray Odierno, the top U.S. military commander in Iraq, said he believes all U.S. troops will be out of the country by the end of 2011,[85] while UK forces ended combat operations on April 30, 2009.[86] Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki has said he supports the accelerated pullout of US forces.^ "Generally, do you approve or disapprove of Barack Obama's plan to pull most American troops out of Iraq by the end of 2011?

^ We need the cooperation of the Iraq people with the Iraqi security forces.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A move to train more Iraqi troops to take control of their country?

[87] On February 17, 2010 Secretary Of Defense Robert Gates announced that as of September 1 2010 the name "Operation Iraqi Freedom" would be replaced by "Operation New Dawn".[88]

Contents

2001–2003: Iraq disarmament crisis and pre-war intelligence

.According to documents provided by former US Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill, George W. Bush, ten days after taking office in January 2001, instructed his aides to look for a way to overthrow the Iraqi regime.^ As a european this was a refreshing look at George Bush.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We did not take kindly to Sadam oppressing us and we will not take kindly to George Bush oppressing.
  • lies.com » US Deaths in Vietnam and Iraq by Month 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.lies.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Such a directive would normally be approved with the president’s knowledge by his Principals Committee, which in Bush’s White House includes Rice, Attorney General John Ashcroft, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, Secretary of State Colin Powell, Treasury Secretary Paul O’Neill and CIA Director George Tenet, among other senior administration officials."
  • BBC - The Editors: Controversy and conspiracies II 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.A secret memo entitled "Plan for post-Saddam Iraq" was discussed in January and February 2001, and a Pentagon document dated March 5, 2001, and entitled "Foreign Suitors for Iraqi Oilfield contracts", included a map of potential areas for petroleum exploration.^ "Do you think Saddam Hussein was personally involved in the September 11th, 2001 , terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon?"

^ As part of its deliberations, the task force reviewed a series of lists titled "Foreign Suitors for Iraqi Oilfield Contracts" naming more than 60 companies from some 30 countries with contracts in various stages of negotiation.
  • Did Big Oil Win the War in Iraq? | World | AlterNet 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ As the first step, the executives of some of the world's oil majors have been meeting with Iraqi Oil Ministry officials since January 24 in Amman, Jordan, for discussing the terms of technical support contracts, which are in the nature of shorter-term deals .
  • large collection of articles on the Invasion Of iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.countercurrents.org [Source type: News]

[89]

UN weapons inspections resume

.The issue of Iraq's disarmament reached a crisis in 2002-2003, when Bush demanded a complete end to alleged Iraqi production of weapons of mass destruction and full compliance with UN Security Council Resolutions requiring UN weapons inspectors unfettered access to suspected weapons production facilities.^ Iraq submits documentation as required by UN Security Council Resolution 1441 that details the disposal of weapons of mass destruction.
  • The Iraq Crisis and War - Timeline - a chronology of events 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.mideastweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ UN Resolutions on Iraq --all of them .
  • Americans Against World Empire, Americans Against Bombing 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC iraqwar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was the one that sold to the UN the lie that there were weapons of mass destruction in Iraq.

.The UN had prohibited Iraq from developing or possessing such weapons after the Gulf War and required Iraq to permit inspections confirming compliance.^ Iraq has disposed of all such weapons.
  • The Iraq Crisis and War - Timeline - a chronology of events 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.mideastweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has been a fixed position of U.S. policy through thick and thin that he must not be permitted to do so and it is formerly ratified as a condition for the ceasefire in the Gulf War.
  • Iraq and Just War: A Symposium 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC pewforum.org [Source type: Original source]

^ UN Resolution 687 requiring Iraq to disarm and allow on site inspections or UN Resolution 1441 giving Iraq a “final opportunity” to comply with its disarmament obligations.
  • The war in Iraq: Was it worth it? | Jacksonville.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC jacksonville.com [Source type: General]

.During inspections in 1999, Iraq alleged that UN inspectors included U.S. intelligence agents that supplied the U.S. with a direct feed of conversations between Iraqi security agencies as well as other information.^ UN inspectors return to Iraq .
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003) 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.dipity.com [Source type: News]

^ "My legislation would allow for a minimal level of U.S. forces to remain in Iraq for targeted counterterrorism activities, training of Iraqi security forces, and the protection of U.S. infrastructure and personnel."
  • Anthony Arnove: The US Occupation of Iraq 18 September 2009 6:49 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ December 25, 2003 - WASHINGTON (CNN) -- President Bush's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board has concluded that his 2003 State of the Union address included information about Iraq's weapons program t...
  • Political Friendster - Operation Iraqi Freedom - Connections 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.politicalfriendster.com [Source type: General]

.This was confirmed by the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal.^ As the New York Times reported Monday : .

^ John Kifner and Ian Fisher, "US Marines leave Baghdad," New York Times, 20 April 2003.
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After all, it isn’t really news when the New York Times betrays this country and its troops.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[90]
.During 2002, Bush repeatedly warned of military action unless inspections were allowed to progress unfettered.^ Bush wanted to remove Saddam, through military action, justified by the conjunction of terrorism and WMD. But the intelligence and facts were being fixed around the policy.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ The largest increases in the military budget during the Bush presidency have been associated with the Iraq War.
  • The Iraq War Is Killing Our Economy | World | AlterNet 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ In this article, a man "bored to tears with the war in Iraq" and thinking that "the military action there was wrong", seeking to "damage" President Bush called him "a madman"..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.In accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 1441 Iraq reluctantly agreed to new inspections in late 2002.^ UN Resolutions on Iraq --all of them .
  • Americans Against World Empire, Americans Against Bombing 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC iraqwar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ UN Security Council Resolution 1441 calls on Iraq to cooperate with UN inspection teams and not to obstruct UN forces.
  • The Iraq Crisis and War - Timeline - a chronology of events 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.mideastweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On June 8, the UN Security Council welcomed the new government with Resolution 1546.
  • Iraq War - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Iraq War - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 15 January 2010 22:022 UTC locke.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Iraq War - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The weapons inspections did not uncover any WMD in Iraq.^ Iraq's Arsenal Was Only on Paper - Since Gulf War, Nonconventional Weapons Never Got Past the Planning Stage - The weapons they depicted, however, did not exist .

^ Initially claims that US/UN did not act to help UNSCOM investigate suspected Iraqi weapons sites, later claims that the entire inspection program is unwarranted and Iraq has no WMD. .
  • The Iraq Crisis and War - Timeline - a chronology of events 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.mideastweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam went on to explain that if Iraq made such a declaration, it would not only show Israel that Iraq did not have WMD but might actually encourage the Israelis to attack.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Shortly before the invasion Hans Blix, the lead weapons inspector, advised the UN Security Council that Iraq was cooperating with inspections and that the confirmation of disarmament through inspections could be achieved in a short period of time if Iraq remained cooperative.^ UN inspectors return to Iraq .
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003) 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.dipity.com [Source type: News]

^ UN Security Council Resolution 1441 calls on Iraq to cooperate with UN inspection teams and not to obstruct UN forces.
  • The Iraq Crisis and War - Timeline - a chronology of events 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.mideastweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Security Council meeting on the situation in Iraq.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Guerra en Iraq y Estado de Excepción Global. 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: News]

[57]

Alleged weapons of mass destruction

.In the initial stages of the war on terror, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), under George Tenet, was rising to prominence as the lead agency in the Afghanistan war.^ Washington, Central Intelligence Agency, 2004.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Allegations of Bush, U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney and Central Intelligence Agency Chief George Tenet against Hussein; Reason for stating that it was a mistake to set a deadline for the handover of power to an Iraqi government; Things that the U.S. must do to bolster its staggering morale.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Intelligence Agencies --Iraq war just creating more terrorists and more hatred for America .
  • Americans Against World Empire, Americans Against Bombing 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC iraqwar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But when Tenet insisted in his personal meetings with President Bush that there was no connection between al-Qaeda and Iraq, Vice-President Dick Cheney and Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld initiated a secret program to reexamine the evidence and marginalize the CIA and Tenet.^ President Bush about the War in Iraq..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ President Bush plan to divide Iraq .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Dick Cheney , US vice president, used to run Halliburton.
  • War on Iraq 2003@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.A major part of this program was a Pentagon unit known as the Office of Special Plans (OSP), created by Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz and headed by Douglas Feith to supply senior Bush administration officials with raw intelligence pertaining to Iraq, unvetted by intelligence analysts, and circumventing traditional intelligence gathering operations by the CIA. The questionable intelligence acquired by the OSP was "stovepiped" to Cheney and presented to the public.^ The Bush Administration was said to be actively planning a covert assault on Iraq .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Bush special office 'justified war' - The office of special plans was created by the deputy secretary of defence, Paul Wolfowitz, late last year in what was seen as an effort to justify the war.

^ They had names like Paul Wolfowitz and Douglas Feith.

.In some cases, Cheney’s office would leak the intelligence to news correspondents, who would cover it in such outlets as The New York Times.^ New York Times: click here .
  • ZORIAH - A PHOTOJOURNALIST AND WAR PHOTOGRAPHER'S BLOG: Suicide Bombing in Anbar - Eye Witness Account - Iraq War Photographer Diary - Graphic Images 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.zoriah.net [Source type: General]

^ What would happen at such time?
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ New York Times , June 4, 2006.
  • Middle East Report 243: The War Economy of Iraq, by Christopher Parker and Pete W. Moore 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.merip.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Cheney would subsequently appear on the Sunday political television talk shows to discuss the intelligence, pointing to The New York Times reportage as corroboration of his view.^ New York Times: click here .
  • ZORIAH - A PHOTOJOURNALIST AND WAR PHOTOGRAPHER'S BLOG: Suicide Bombing in Anbar - Eye Witness Account - Iraq War Photographer Diary - Graphic Images 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.zoriah.net [Source type: General]

^ New York Times , June 4, 2006.
  • Middle East Report 243: The War Economy of Iraq, by Christopher Parker and Pete W. Moore 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.merip.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But it would appear to be from everywhere at once from his point of view.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[91]
Ambassador Joseph C. Wilson
.Prior to the Gulf War, in 1990, Iraq had stockpiled 550 short tons (500 t) of yellowcake uranium at the Tuwaitha nuclear complex about 20 kilometres (12 mi) south of Baghdad.^ President Bush about the War in Iraq..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Graph about the war in Iraq .
  • Iraq war spending vs. spending on renewable energy 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.solarpowerrocks.com [Source type: General]

^ But by my estimation, the Iraq War is over.

[92] .In late February 2002, the CIA sent former Ambassador Joseph Wilson to investigate reports (later found to be forgeries) that Iraq was attempting to purchase additional yellowcake from Niger.^ The company was sent to Iraq in February.

^ At the request of the CIA , the Justice Department began investigating charges that the White House leaked the name of undercover CIA agent Valerie Plame to the press in retaliation for remarks by her husband, former ambassador Joseph Wilson, challenging President Bush's claim that Iraq tried to buy yellowcake uranium in Africa.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ The interim Prime Minister of Iraq - A biographical timeline of Mr. Allawi, former Baathist, former agent for MI6 and CIA, former terrorist.

.Wilson returned and informed the CIA that reports of yellowcake sales to Iraq were "unequivocally wrong."^ Its report comes as the former US chief weapons inspector questioned the CIA's assessment of the threat from Iraq."

^ It also has gotten underway with sales of the $10-editions of its book-bound The Iraq Study Group Report.

^ The operative phrase from the White House today will be informative about the military's way forward in, and eventually returning from, Iraq.

.The Bush administration, however, continued to allege Iraq's attempts to obtain additional yellowcake were a justification for military action, most prominently in the January, 2003, State of the Union address, in which President Bush declared that Iraq had sought uranium, citing British intelligence sources.^ President Bush about the War in Iraq..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ President Bush plan to divide Iraq .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ President Bush declares that the invasion “will not stand.” .
  • The Iraq Crisis and War - Timeline - a chronology of events 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.mideastweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[93]
.In response, Wilson wrote a critical New York Times op-ed piece in June 2003 stating that he had personally investigated claims of yellowcake purchases and believed them to be fraudulent.^ New York Times: click here .
  • ZORIAH - A PHOTOJOURNALIST AND WAR PHOTOGRAPHER'S BLOG: Suicide Bombing in Anbar - Eye Witness Account - Iraq War Photographer Diary - Graphic Images 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.zoriah.net [Source type: General]

^ New York Times , June 4, 2006.
  • Middle East Report 243: The War Economy of Iraq, by Christopher Parker and Pete W. Moore 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.merip.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ JULY 6, 2003: Joseph Wilson writes op-ed in the New York Times .
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

[94] .After Wilson's op-ed, Wilson's wife Valerie Plame was publicly identified as an undercover CIA analyst by a columnist.^ In fact, government, news, and non-profit sources had publicly identified Armstrong as a CIA officer on multiple occasions prior to the April 11 hearing.

^ It appears that Plame, the former CIA employee and her husband, Ambassador Joseph Wilson, aren't experiencing the kind of vindication through the legal process they had hoped for.

^ March 4, 2003 — Progressive columnists Russell Mokhiber and Robert Weissman survey the Washington Post op-ed page in a piece titled, "The Unbalanced Hawks at the Washington Post ."
  • Iraq and the Media 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.fair.org [Source type: News]

.This led to a Justice Department investigation into the source of the leak.^ The Justice Department was considering an investigation into how the Halliburton Company was secretly awarded noncompetitive multibillion-dollar contracts for oil-field repairs in Iraq .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Justice Department records show that the FBI and other federal and local agencies have led prosecutions of a dozen such alleged plots since the Sept.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.On May 1, 2005 the "Downing Street memo" was published in The Sunday Times.^ LA Times, May 17, 2005 - (Posted here: May 20, 2005) .

^ 'The Lies of War Can No Longer be Ignored by the Press' - Americans are now starting to learn what was in the Downing Street Memos.

^ [Downing Street Memo, 7/23/02 ] .
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

.It contained an overview of a secret July 23, 2002 meeting among British government, Ministry of Defence, and British intelligence figures who discussed the build-up to the Iraq war — including direct references to classified U.S. policy of the time.^ The rhetoric on the war in Iraq is turning up.
  • War Stories: war in iraq archives 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC war.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ "The British government's policies in Basra were vague.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Discusses the U.S. artillery systems in the Iraq war.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The memo stated, "Bush wanted to remove Saddam, through military action, justified by the conjunction of terrorism and WMD. But the intelligence and facts were being fixed around the policy."[95]
.The CIA had contacted Iraq's foreign minister, Naji Sabri, who was being paid by the French as an agent.^ Talks in Vienna between Annan and Iraq's foreign minister, Naji Sabri, fail.
  • The Iraq Crisis and War - Timeline - a chronology of events 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.mideastweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the six who resigned, Saad Taha al-Hashimi, Iraq's minister of state for provincial affairs, said the Sadrists would remain influential.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The interim Prime Minister of Iraq - A biographical timeline of Mr. Allawi, former Baathist, former agent for MI6 and CIA, former terrorist.

.Sabri informed them that Saddam had hidden poison gas among Sunni tribesmen, had ambitions for a nuclear program but that it was not active, and that no biological weapons were being produced or stockpiled, although research was underway.^ Do not use nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Do not use nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons."
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Shahriar Khateri and Mohammad Soroush, founders of The Iranian Society for Chemical Weapons Victims Support, to raise awareness of the costs of poison gas and of war in general.
  • Recent Events - Northampton Committee to Stop the War in Iraq 23 September 2009 3:55 UTC www.northamptoncommittee.org [Source type: General]

[96] .According to Sidney Blumenthal, George Tenet briefed Bush on September 18, 2002 that Sabri had informed them that Iraq did not have WMD. Bush dismissed this top-secret intelligence from Hussein's inner circle which was approved by two senior CIA officers.^ Tenet did not discuss Iraq in this context.
  • Iraq War - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Iraq War - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 15 January 2010 22:022 UTC locke.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Iraq War - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ George W. Bush about Iraq's weapons.
  • Iraq and the Media 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.fair.org [Source type: News]

^ Increasing evidence shows that US and British governments "improved" intelligence estimates to make a case that Iraq was still stockpiling WMD. .
  • The Iraq Crisis and War - Timeline - a chronology of events 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.mideastweb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The information was never shared with Congress or even CIA agents examining whether Saddam had such weapons.^ To say that the US should never have deposed Saddam when he posed such a threat is just plain irresponsible.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During the Consolidation period in Iraq the themes changed to rewards for Saddam Hussein and other important figures of his regime and information on weapons of mass destruction.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And Saddam Hussein has demonstrated a willingness to use such weapons of mass destruction in the past, whether in his war against Iran or against his own Kurdish population.” (Sen.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Video: NBC declares ‘civil war’ in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC hotair.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[97]
.In September 2002, the Bush administration, the CIA and the DIA said attempts by Iraq to acquire high-strength aluminum tubes that were prohibited under the UN monitoring program and which they said pointed to a clandestine effort to make centrifuges to enrich uranium for nuclear bombs.^ For many years, Iraq was New Rwanda, a slaughterhouse ignored by a United Nations content to mouth its humanitarian platitudes.In making its case for war, the Bush administration did not argue primarily that the U.S. had the moral duty to purge a tyrant.

^ The Bush administration proposed cutting $172 million from impact aid programs which provide school funding for children of military personnel.
  • On Lisa Rein's Radar: Anti-War In Iraq Music Archives 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.onlisareinsradar.com [Source type: General]

^ More than a hundred summaries of his debriefings were sent to the CIA, which then became a pillar - along with the now-disproved Iraqi quest for uranium for nuclear weapons - for the U.S. decision to...
  • Political Friendster - Operation Iraqi Freedom - Connections 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.politicalfriendster.com [Source type: General]

[98] .This analysis was opposed by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) and INR, which was significant because of DOE's expertise in such gas centrifuges and nuclear weapons programs.^ Mohamed ElBaradei, the director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency, which is responsible for nuclear inspections of Iraq , dismissed a crucial bit of President Bush's evidence for an Iraqi nuclear weapons program by concluding that aluminum tubes Iraq tried to import recently were to be used in making rockets rather than gas centrifuges for the enrichment of uranium.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Clinton also stated that, while other countries also had weapons of mass destruction, Hussein is in a different category because he has used such weapons against his own people and against his neighbors.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Video: NBC declares ‘civil war’ in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC hotair.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mohamed ElBaradei, the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, said that his inspectors had found no evidence that Iraq has restarted its nuclear-weapons program.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

.The DOE and INR argued that the Iraqi tubes were poorly suited for centrifuges, though it was technically possible with additional modification.^ Nonetheless, a principle is being established that does great credit to the Iraqis who signed it and to the coalition forces that made it possible.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[99] .A report released by the Institute for Science and International Security in 2002 reported that it was highly unlikely that the tubes could be used to enrich uranium.^ "If they continue at this pace, and they get the centrifuges to work and actually enrich uranium on a distinct basis," said David Albright of the Institute for Science and International Security, "then you're looking at them having, potentially having enough highly enriched uranium for a nuclear weapon in 2009 ."
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The article discusses a recent report by the Institute for Science and International Security which questions the Bush administration's claim that Iraq's attempt to obtain aluminum tubes proves that Hussein has nuclear ambitions.
  • Iraq and the Media 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.fair.org [Source type: News]

^ But by the time the Iraqis return to Parliament in September, it is highly unlikely that they could meet the midmonth deadline in the United States.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[100]
.An effort by the DOE to correct this detail in comments prepared for United States Secretary of State Colin Powell's UN appearance was rebuffed by the administration[101][102] and Powell, in his address to the UN Security Council just prior to the war, referenced the aluminum tubes, stating that while experts disagreed on whether or not the tubes were destined for a centrifuge program, the specifications of the tubes were unusually tight.^ And they realized they haven’t told Colin Powell, the Secretary of State.” .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He declared war on the United States.
  • Iraq > World War II 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: General]

^ So whether you agree with the reason for this war, or whether you disagree – I’m just stating what I can I see here.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom | Rough Book 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC vivin.net [Source type: General]

[103] .Powell later admitted he had presented what turned out to be an inaccurate case to the UN on Iraqi weapons, and the intelligence he was relying on was, in some cases, "deliberately misleading."^ And it has turned out to be the case.

^ Rugh travelled to New York to work with the US ambassador to the UN, Thomas Pickering, and the Kuwaiti ambassador to present the Kuwaiti case to the world.
  • Untitled Document 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC tbsjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Found it on the Web: The Iraq Conundrum : Special Coverage from WBUR President Bush warned Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to admit U.N. weapons inspectors or face the consequences.
  • Iraq War Weblog, Conflict in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.wbur.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[104][105][106] Shortly after the United States presidential election, 2008, and the election of rival Democratic party nominee Barack Obama, president Bush admitted that "[my] biggest regret of all the presidency has to have been the intelligence failure in Iraq".[107]
.In December 2009, Prime Minister Tony Blair stated that he "would still have thought it right to remove [Saddam Hussein]" regardless of whether Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction or not.^ Regional states would not – I guess that’s right.
  • DefenseLink News Transcript: Secretary of Defense Interview with Bob Woodward - 23 Oct, 2003 20 November 2009 22:35 UTC www.defenselink.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ Q: Well, the finding weapons of mass destruction.
  • DefenseLink News Transcript: DoD News Briefing - Secretary Rumsfeld and Gen. Myers 11 September 2009 6:47 UTC www.defenselink.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ Even if Iraq possessed abundant quantities of weapons of mass destruction this would not have amounted to a justification for the war.
  • Modern poems about the First World War THE WAR POETRY WEB SITE 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.warpoetry.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

[108]

Preparations for war

United States Secretary of State Colin Powell holding a model vial of anthrax while giving a presentation to the United Nations Security Council
.During 2002 the amount of ordinance used by British and American aircraft patrolling the no-fly zones of Iraq increased compared to the previous years[109] and by August had "become a full air offensive". Tommy Franks, the allied commander, later stated that the bombing was designed to "degrade" the Iraqi air defense system prior to an invasion.^ Hopefully, this will become a model system for the Iraqis.” .

^ American and British planes bombed Iraq .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ He continued to fire on U.S. and British aircraft patrolling the no fly zone.
  • We made mistakes in Iraq, but war was just - Telegraph 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

[110]
.In October 2002, a few days before the U.S. Senate voted on the Joint Resolution to Authorize the Use of United States Armed Forces Against Iraq, about 75 senators were told in closed session that Iraq had the means of attacking the Eastern Seaboard of the U.S. with biological or chemical weapons delivered by unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs.^ For no reason the United States was attacked.
  • lies.com » US Deaths in Vietnam and Iraq by Month 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.lies.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Three leaflets warn against using biological or chemical weapons.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ L-29 unmanned aerial vehicles for delivering biological and chemical weapons .
  • Revisited - The Real Reasons for the Upcoming War in Iraq: A Macroeconomic and Geostrategic Analysis of the Unspoken Truth, by William Clark, updated: Jan 2004 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.ratical.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

)[51] .On February 5, 2003, Colin Powell presented further evidence in his Iraqi WMD program presentation to the UN Security Council that UAVs were ready to be launched against the U.S. At the time, there was a vigorous dispute within the U.S. military and intelligence communities as to whether CIA conclusions about Iraqi UAVs were accurate[111] and other intelligence agencies suggested that Iraq did not possess any offensive UAV capability, saying the few they had were designed for surveillance and intended for reconnaissance.^ But it's the business of Iraqis to say what they want.

^ An analysis of the operations in Iraq 2003 looks at manned intelligence surveillance and reconnaissance.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Colin Powell on February 6, speaking to the UN Security Council, demanding their support for the invasion of Iraq .

[112] .The Senate voted to approve the Joint Resolution with the support of large bipartisan majorities on October 11, 2002 providing the Bush administration with a legal basis for the US invasion under US law.^ October 11, 2002 — Democracy Now!
  • Iraq and the Media 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.fair.org [Source type: News]

^ The US had 2 UN resolutions that gave it legality.
  • The war in Iraq: Was it worth it? | Jacksonville.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC jacksonville.com [Source type: General]

^ I'm a co-sponsor of the bipartisan resolution that's presently under consideration in the Senate.

.The resolution granted the authorization by the Constitution of the United States and the United States Congress for the President to command the military to fight anti-United States violence.^ Once the United Nations resolution authorizing.
  • Bush announces Iraq troop drawdowns -- WBZ 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC multimedia.wbz.com [Source type: News]

^ United States military command in Iraq changed hands from Gen.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Their oaths are not to the President, Congress, or a military commander.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Citing the Iraq Liberation Act of 1998, the resolution reiterated that it should be the policy of the United States to remove the Hussein regime and promote a democratic replacement.^ The United States should go to war with Iraq .
  • War on Iraq 2003@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States should not go to war with Iraq .
  • War on Iraq 2003@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The 1998 Iraq Liberation Act formalized this as a Congressional statement of direction.
  • Iraq War - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Iraq War - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 15 January 2010 22:022 UTC locke.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Iraq War - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Chief UN weapons inspector Hans Blix remarked in January 2003 that "Iraq appears not to have come to a genuine acceptance — not even today — of the disarmament, which was demanded of it and which it needs to carry out to win the confidence of the world and to live in peace."[113] Among other things he noted that 1,000 short tons (910 t) of chemical agent were unaccounted for, information on Iraq's VX nerve agent program was missing, and that "no convincing evidence" was presented for the destruction of 8,500 litres (1,900 imp gal; 2,200 US gal) of anthrax that had been declared.[113]
.On February 3, 2003 Secretary of State Colin Powell appeared before the UN to present American evidence that Iraq was hiding unconventional weapons.^ And they realized they haven’t told Colin Powell, the Secretary of State.” .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ United States; Iraq; Iraq War, 2003 .
  • ALMISBAH: Regions, Nations and Peoples: Particular Regions: Arabic East: Iraq: History, Politics (WWW) 22 September 2009 21:35 UTC ssgdoc.bibliothek.uni-halle.de [Source type: Reference]

^ "Do you think the Bush Administration deliberately misled the American public about whether Iraq had weapons of mass destruction, or not?"

.The French government also believed that Saddam had stockpiles of anthrax and botulism toxin, and the ability to produce VX.[114] In March, Blix said progress had been made in inspections, and no evidence of WMD had been found.^ Mohamed ElBaradei, the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, said that his inspectors had found no evidence that Iraq has restarted its nuclear-weapons program.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ The Chattanooga Free Press reported at the time that Saddam had 2,100 gallons of anthrax toxin.

^ Mr Blix, speaking to The Independent, said the Attorney General's legal advice to the Government on the eve of war, giving cover for military action by the US and Britain, had no lawful justification.

[53]
.In early 2003, the U.S., British, and Spanish governments proposed the so-called "eighteenth resolution" to give Iraq a deadline for compliance with previous resolutions enforced by the threat of military action.^ On January 28, 1998 the Senate passed Concurrent Resolution 71 "condemning Iraq's threat to international peace and security."

^ Signed on August 14, 1998 by President Bill Clinton this resolution (Public Law 105-235) urged the President to take appropriate action to bring Iraq into compliance with its international obligations.

^ The Associated Post reports today that the Senate continues debating a binding Democratic resolution today calling for U.S. troops to be mostly pulled out of Iraq in 2008.

.This proposed resolution was subsequently withdrawn due to lack of support on the UN Security Council.^ In New York, the UN Security Council delayed on Thursday its vote on a resolution to expand the United Nations role in Iraq by 24 hours to give the Iraqi government time to review it, diplomats said.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This pamphlet examines the astonishing failures of the UN Security Council in its dealings with Iraq and suggests reforms and remedies which may enable the Security Council to gain respect and fulfil its mission.
  • Modern poems about the First World War THE WAR POETRY WEB SITE 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.warpoetry.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The Department of State's 1994 Patterns of Global Terrorism report stated, "Since 1991, in violation of UN Security Council resolutions, the Government of Iraq has obstructed the international community's provision of humanitarian assistance.

.In particular, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) members France, Germany and Canada and non-NATO member Russia were opposed to military intervention in Iraq, due to the high level of risk to the international community's security, and defended disarmament through diplomacy.^ "My legislation would allow for a minimal level of U.S. forces to remain in Iraq for targeted counterterrorism activities, training of Iraqi security forces, and the protection of U.S. infrastructure and personnel."
  • Anthony Arnove: The US Occupation of Iraq 18 September 2009 6:49 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On January 28, 1998 the Senate passed Concurrent Resolution 71 "condemning Iraq's threat to international peace and security."

^ France, Belgium, and Germany agreed to let NATO make preparations for defending Turkey in case of an Iraqi attack.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

[115][116]
.A meeting between George W. Bush and Tony Blair took place on January 31, 2003 in the White House.^ President Bush is meeting with British prime minister Tony Blair.

^ May 1, 2003 —George W. Bush delivers his "Mission Accomplished" speech on the USS Abraham Lincoln.
  • Iraq and the Media 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.fair.org [Source type: News]

^ In March of 2003, British Attorney General Lord Goldsmith responded to then Prime Minister Tony Blair's request for input on the legality of the 'coalition's' pending invasion.
  • Robert Fantina: The Illegalities of the Iraq War 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC counterpunch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A secret memo of this meeting purportedly showed that the Bush administration had already decided on the invasion of Iraq at that point.^ The official statistics released by the US Congressional Budget Office on 4 December shows that the Administration had spent some US $350 billion for military operation in Iraq.
  • War Stories: war in iraq archives 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC war.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Help mark the the 3rd anniversary of the infamous Downing Street meeting - the meeting whose minutes plainly show the Bush administration lying about Iraq's threat in order to push the case for war.
  • Recent Events - Northampton Committee to Stop the War in Iraq 23 September 2009 3:55 UTC www.northamptoncommittee.org [Source type: General]

^ The Lie Factory - Only weeks after 9/11, the Bush administration set up a secret Pentagon unit to create the case for invading Iraq.

.Bush was allegedly floating the idea of painting a U-2 spyplane in UN colors and letting it fly low over Iraq to provoke Iraqi forces into shooting it down, thereby providing a pretext for the U.S. and Britain to invade.^ "My legislation would allow for a minimal level of U.S. forces to remain in Iraq for targeted counterterrorism activities, training of Iraqi security forces, and the protection of U.S. infrastructure and personnel."
  • Anthony Arnove: The US Occupation of Iraq 18 September 2009 6:49 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And the 164th Transportation Battalion is heading to Iraq to provide heavy equipment transport capabilities for staging and sustainment operations to support Operation Iraqi Freedom.
  • VIDEO EXTRA: Brockton area soldiers leaving for war take part in sendoff ceremony - Brockton, MA - The Enterprise 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.enterprisenews.com [Source type: News]

^ It also reveals they knew there was no legitimate case for war, that Bush was hoping to assassinate Saddam Hussein, and that Bush was so desperate to provoke a war that he even proposed painting US planes to look like UN planes and flying them low over Iraq in hopes of getting shot at - which he thought would be grounds for war.

.Bush and Blair made a secret deal to carry out the invasion regardless of whether WMD were discovered by UN weapons inspectors, in direct contradiction with statements Blair made to the British House of Commons afterwards that the Iraqi regime would be given a final chance to disarm.^ Bush and Blair prior to the invasion: .
  • China Colonizing Africa?: PostGlobal at washingtonpost.com - 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This was after he threw out the UN inspectors...
  • The Becker-Posner Blog: Response to Comments on Preventive War--Posner 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC www.becker-posner-blog.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Iraqi regime is not disarming.
  • Iraq War Weblog, Conflict in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.wbur.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the memo, Bush is paraphrased as saying:
.The start date for the military campaign was now pencilled in for 10 March.^ Posted by sick to death in MS at March 3, 2006 10:33 AM Does anybody honestly believe there's a peaceful resolution to the mess the country is in now?
  • Capitol Hill Blue's The Rant - Scum-sucking traitors to their country 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC www.capitolhillblue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ MARCH 10, 2007: Senior Administration Official: “Right now there is no trend” that escalation is working.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ That is two military campaign seasons and a host of political developments from now.

This was when the bombing would begin.[117]
.Bush said to Blair that he "thought it unlikely that there would be internecine warfare between the different religious and ethnic groups" in Iraq after the war.^ President Bush about the War in Iraq..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There must have been two wars in Iraq.

^ So what difference are there between the other oil producing oil countries, and Iraq?
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

Opposition to invasion

On January 20, 2003, French Foreign Minister Dominique de Villepin declared "we believe that military intervention would be the worst solution."[118] Meanwhile anti-war groups across the world organised public protests. .According to French academic Dominique Reynié, between January 3 and April 12, 2003, 36 million people across the globe took part in almost 3,000 protests against war in Iraq, with demonstrations on February 15, 2003 being the largest and most prolific.^ April 15, 2003 .
  • Bush, George W. (Harper's Magazine) 22 September 2009 21:35 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: Academic]

^ February 15 is the third anniversary of the largest anti-war protest in history .
  • Recent Events - Northampton Committee to Stop the War in Iraq 23 September 2009 3:55 UTC www.northamptoncommittee.org [Source type: General]

^ February 15, 2008 3:12 AM .
  • China Colonizing Africa?: PostGlobal at washingtonpost.com - 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[119]
.In February 2003, the U.S. Army's top general, Eric Shinseki, told the Senate Armed Services Committee that it would take "several hundred thousand soldiers" to secure Iraq.^ Several hundred thousand.
  • First Draft: War in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ George Casey testifies before the Senate Armed Services Committee.

^ Now we have Iraqi security forces, several hundreds of thousands of them.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[120] Two days later, U.S. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld said the post-war troop commitment would be less than the number of troops required to win the war, and that "the idea that it would take several hundred thousand U.S. forces is far from the mark." Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz said Shineski's estimate was "way off the mark," because other countries would take part in an occupying force.[121]
.In March 2003, Hans Blix reported that "No evidence of proscribed activities have so far been found" in Iraq, saying that progress was made in inspections which would continue.^ But it would be hard not to define it as a "progress report."
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What progress has been made since 2003?
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No, not made real progress .
  • Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.gallup.com [Source type: Original source]

.He estimated the time remaining for disarmament being verified through inspections to be "months".[53] But the U.S. government announced that "diplomacy has failed", and that it would proceed with a coalition of allied countries — named the "coalition of the willing" — to rid Iraq of its alleged WMD. The U.S. government abruptly advised U.N. weapons inspectors to leave Baghdad immediately.^ Last month, President Barack Obama announced he was sending an additional 30,000 American troops to Afghanistan and would start troop withdrawals by summer 2011.
  • VIDEO EXTRA: Brockton area soldiers leaving for war take part in sendoff ceremony - Brockton, MA - The Enterprise 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.enterprisenews.com [Source type: News]

^ By Peter Spiegel in London by The Financial Times, London, UK, 17Sep03 $87 billion funding bid being led by Cheney Believes banned weapons will be found in Iraq.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Guerra en Iraq y Estado de Excepción Global. 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: News]

^ Violence in Iraq killed 1,861 civilians in March, a 13 percent increase from the previous month and despite a major security crackdown in Baghdad , Iraqi government tallies showed on Sunday.

.There were serious legal questions surrounding the launching of the war against Iraq and the Bush Doctrine of preemptive war in general.^ President Bush about the War in Iraq..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There must have been two wars in Iraq.

^ Questions about the war in Iraq.
  • War Stories: war in iraq archives 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC war.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

.On September 16, 2004 Kofi Annan, the Secretary General of the United Nations, said of the invasion, "I have indicated it was not in conformity with the UN Charter.^ SEPTEMBER 16, 2004: U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan declares Iraq war illegal .
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ UN Secretary General Annan's opinion is correct; .
  • China Colonizing Africa?: PostGlobal at washingtonpost.com - 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Bush said it's a test of the United Nations.
  • Iraq and Just War: A Symposium 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC pewforum.org [Source type: Original source]

.From our point of view, from the Charter point of view, it was illegal."^ (Obviously, our views of Father God conflict on this point so that I would say they do not believe in the same Father God that Christianity does.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I have indicated it was not in conformity with the UN charter from our point of view, from the charter point of view, it was illegal.” [BBC, 9/16/04 ] .
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

In November 2008 Lord Bingham, the former British Law Lord, described the war a serious violation of international law, and accused Britain and the U.S. of acting like a "world vigilante". He also criticized the post-invasion record of Britain as "an occupying power in Iraq". Regarding the treatment of Iraqi detainees in Abu Ghraib, Bingham said: "Particularly disturbing to proponents of the rule of law is the cynical lack of concern for international legality among some top officials in the Bush administration."[122]

2003: Invasion

Map of the invasion routes and major operations/battles of the Iraq War as of 2007
.The first Central Intelligence Agency invasion team entered Iraq on July 10, 2002.[123] This team was composed of members of the CIA's Special Activities Division and was later joined by members of the US military's elite Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC).^ Washington, Central Intelligence Agency, 2004.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iraq's parliament is composed of 275 members.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I just read in tonight’s BBC news that - Petraeus turned over command in Iraq - General David Petraeus, the outgoing US military commander in Iraq credited for improving security there, is to pass control to General Raymond Odierno.
  • The Democratic Party | PartyBuilder | Posts with the tag Iraq War 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC my.democrats.org [Source type: Original source]

[124] .Together, they prepared for the invasion of conventional forces.^ Adversaries of the U.S. realize their relative impotence in conventional force-on-force operations and they are making an effort to draw forces of the U.S. into arenas where its conventional capabilities and technological edge are blunted.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The fighting reported at Basra was believed to involve British special forces and US marines in an operation to prepare landing sites for amphibious craft during an invasion.

^ American forces were preparing for large-scale war games in Qatar , which is expected to be the base for command and control operations during the invasion of Iraq .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

.These efforts consisted of persuading the commanders of several Iraqi military divisions to surrender rather than oppose the invasion, and to identify all of the initial leadership targets during very high risk reconnaissance missions.^ The Commander of the Iraqi 51st Infantry Division surrendered with his unit.
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But rather than overthrow Saddam Hussein and his regime, the Division oversaw the transition from Prime Minister Iyad Allawi's interim government to a freely and fairly elected representative Iraqi government.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - 2007 Tour 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

^ Rather than deploying enough troops necessary to protect the Iraqi people, the focus of our military has been on training and equipping Iraqi forces, protecting our own forces, and conducting targeted sweeps and raids—in other words, the very same missions proposed by the proponents of the legislation before us.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[124]
.Most importantly, their efforts organized the Kurdish Peshmerga to become the northern front of the invasion.^ But the emerging rift represents the Sunni groups' most decisive effort since the 2003 invasion to distance themselves from al-Qaida in Iraq.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kurdish official in Iraq Washington and Ankara are negotiating the terms of a deal that would allow the U.S. to open a northern front against Iraq in Turkey.
  • Iraq War Weblog, Conflict in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.wbur.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Persistent acts of sabotage to pipelines and oil facilities in northern Iraq, has kept Kirkuk exports shut down for most of the time since the U.S.-led invasion.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Together this force defeated Ansar al-Islam in Iraqi Kurdistan prior to the invasion and then defeated the Iraqi army in the north.^ Operation Steel Hammer, intended to end Al Qaeda operations in Hit, west of Baghdad , was launched with a force of 1,500 U.S. Marines , 500 U.S. Army soldiers, and 500 Iraqi soldiers.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ It is hoped that the comics will help engender respect among children for the national police force and the new Iraqi Army.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 5 May Coalition forces battled Iraqi Shi'ite Muslim militiamen loyal to rebel cleric Moqtada al-Sadr in the holy city of Kerbala.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[124][125] .The battle against Ansar al-Islam led to the death of a substantial number of militants and the uncovering of a chemical weapons facility at Sargat.^ Of course, and as a C.Y.A., American officials warned that the struggle against Al-Qaeda in Iraq and other insurgents was not over in the western region, the scene of some of the bloodiest battles in Iraq since the 2003 US-led invasion.
  • The Democratic Party | PartyBuilder | Posts with the tag Iraq War 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC my.democrats.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On the one side is Eid Al Namis, an Iraqi police officer with considerable clout fighting to the death against "mujahidin".
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One month prior to the formation of Ansar al-Islam, leaders from several Kurdish Islamist factions had visited the al-Qaida leadership in Afghanistan.

[123][126]
.At 5:34 AM Baghdad time on March 20, 2003 (9:34 p.m., March 19 EST) the military invasion of Iraq began.^ MARCH 19, 2003: Bush launches invasion of Iraq .
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ March 20, 2003.
  • The Catholic Just War Tradition and the War in Iraq - Resources 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC ratzingerfanclub.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ March 19, 2007 10:20 AM ∞ .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[127] .The 2003 invasion of Iraq, led by US army General Tommy Franks, began under the codename "Operation Iraqi Liberation",[128] later renamed "Operation Iraqi Freedom", the UK codename Operation Telic, and the Australian codename Operation Falconer.^ US-Saudi relations have been increasingly strained since the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Operation Iraqi Freedom - 2007 Tour .
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - 2007 Tour 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

^ The soldier was supporting Operation Iraqi Freedom.
  • U.S. Military Deaths in War With Iraq -- 2005 - ABC News 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC abcnews.go.com [Source type: Academic]

.Coalition forces also cooperated with Kurdish Peshmerga forces in the north.^ Kurdish rebels slowly advanced to the south as Coalition bombing drove Iraqi forces from forward defensive positions north of the oil capitol of Kirkuk.
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The south side of Lake Tharthar has seen a scarce amount of interaction with Coalition forces since 2004, while the north has been more heavily patrolled.

^ "We cannot be in a hurry to withdraw our coalition forces," he said, using Diyala province north of Baghdad as an example.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Approximately forty other governments, the "U.S.-led coalition against Iraq," participated by providing troops, equipment, services, security, and special forces.^ Iraq's government and security forces are gaining strength exponentially.

^ Iraq security forces .

^ "My legislation would allow for a minimal level of U.S. forces to remain in Iraq for targeted counterterrorism activities, training of Iraqi security forces, and the protection of U.S. infrastructure and personnel."
  • Anthony Arnove: The US Occupation of Iraq 18 September 2009 6:49 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The stated objectives of the invasion were; end the Hussein regime; eliminate whatever weapons of mass destruction could be found; eliminate whatever Islamist militants could be found; obtain intelligence on militant networks; distribute humanitarian aid; secure Iraq’s petroleum infrastructure; and assist in creating a representative but compliant government as a model for other Middle East nations.^ The invasion of Iraq significantly changed the political climate of the Middle East.
  • War on Iraq 2003@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Q: Well, the finding weapons of mass destruction.
  • DefenseLink News Transcript: DoD News Briefing - Secretary Rumsfeld and Gen. Myers 11 September 2009 6:47 UTC www.defenselink.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ "Hussein has not developed any significant capability with respect to weapons of mass destruction.
  • Revisited - The Real Reasons for the Upcoming War in Iraq: A Macroeconomic and Geostrategic Analysis of the Unspoken Truth, by William Clark, updated: Jan 2004 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.ratical.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The invasion was a quick and decisive operation encountering major resistance, though not what the US, British and other forces expected.^ Baghdad, Iraq when his patrol encountered enemy forces small arms fire during combat operations.
  • Gulf War II 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.pownetwork.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The decision by Ankara and Riyadh to deny US forces access led to almost exclusive reliance on Kuwait as the source of American ground combat power.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom: A First Blush Assessment 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.csbaonline.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the invasion, we were desperate to prompt the people to resist the US occupation.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Iraqi regime had prepared to fight both a conventional and irregular war at the same time, conceding territory when faced with superior conventional forces, largely armored, but launching smaller scale attacks in the rear using fighters dressed in civilian and paramilitary clothes.^ It's also an adjustment for a fighting force that has been armed and organized for conventional wars.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Iraq, there have been both conventional military troops and troops who have changed into civilian clothes to fight, and then they also have the paramilitary troops who are there.
  • OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM: OPERATIONS AND RECONSTRUCTION 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Operation Steel Hammer, intended to end Al Qaeda operations in Hit, west of Baghdad , was launched with a force of 1,500 U.S. Marines , 500 U.S. Army soldiers, and 500 Iraqi soldiers.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

.This achieved some temporary successes and created unexpected challenges for the invading forces, especially the US military.^ The official statistics released by the US Congressional Budget Office on 4 December shows that the Administration had spent some US $350 billion for military operation in Iraq.
  • War Stories: war in iraq archives 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC war.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]

^ Success in this effort turns significantly on issues of legitimacy and responsible action, especially with regard to the use of force.
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Iraq undertaking was, in any case, ‘forbiddingly difficult’ and might not have seemed as appealing had the US forces not recently achieved a sudden and decisive victory over Taleban forces in Afghanistan.
  • Site - Main - Reference Library 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC smallwarsjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the north, OIF-1 used the largest special operations force since the successful attack on the Taliban government of Afghanistan just over a year earlier.^ As the Bush administration claims success in the “surge’’ of U.S. forces ordered earlier this year and counts on the Iraqi government to take greater control of the nation’s security in the year ahead, military leaders caution that the handover will not take place in one simple cermony.

^ Brian K. Grant , 31, of Dallas, Texas, died in Ar Ramadi, Iraq, when his unit was attacked by enemy forces using small arms fire.
  • FOXNews.com - Fallen Heroes of Operation Iraqi Freedom - FOX News 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.foxnews.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The use of PSYOP integrated with combat forces during raids and search operations proved to be a force multiplier.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Iraqi army was quickly overwhelmed in each engagement it faced with US forces, with the elite Fedayeen Saddam putting up strong, sometimes suicidal, resistance before melting away into the civilian population.^ He put up no resistance.

^ 'We underestimated their capacity to put up resistance.

^ Put differently, Saddam is surely in command of Iraqi armed forces.
  • Iraq and Just War: A Symposium 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC pewforum.org [Source type: Original source]

.On April 9 Baghdad fell, ending President Hussein's 24-year rule.^ Gary W. Walters Jr., 31, of Victoria, Texas, died April 24 in Baghdad, Iraq, when an improvised explosive device detonated near his vehicle.
  • U.S. Military Deaths in War With Iraq -- 2005 - ABC News 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC abcnews.go.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Its first act was to abolish six holidays associated with Saddam Hussein ; April 9, the date of the fall of Baghdad, was declared a new national holiday.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Reid's latest proposal would give the president one year to get troops out, ending funding for combat operations after March 31, 2008.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.US forces seized the deserted Ba'ath Party ministries and stage-managed[129] the tearing down of a huge iron statue of Hussein, photos and video of which became symbolic of the event, although later controversial.^ He is a member of the Ba'ath Party and Saddam Husseins half-brother.
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It seems plausible that many televised operations and events were staged, as seen in 'Saving Private Jessica Lynch' and the destruction of a statue of Saddam Hussein (Kellner, 2004; Rutherford, 2004).
  • Perceptions of News Credibility about the War in Iraq: Why War Opponents Perceived the Internet as the Most Credible Medium 23 September 2009 3:55 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Clay Kesterson, Gold Star Father Memorial Day event, Salem, Oregon 52807 All video and photos by: Tim King (SALEM, Ore.
  • Iraq War Heroes - Fallen Heroes Memorial - We Freed Iraq 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.iraqwarheroes.org [Source type: General]

.In November 2008, Iraqi protesters staged a similar stomping on and burning of an effigy of George W. Bush.^ Deals with the possibility that U.S. President George W. Bush ousted former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein due to oil.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has never been a goal of George W. Bush, his administration, or their Masters, the Illuminati, to "save" the misfortunate Iraqi people from evil and create democracy in their country.

^ The independent panel urged Bush to hand off the combat mission to the Iraqis and step up diplomatic efforts, paving the way for a 2008 drawdown of U.S. troops.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[130] .The abrupt fall of Baghdad was accompanied by a widespread outpouring of gratitude toward the invaders, but also massive civil disorder, including the looting of public and government buildings and drastically increased crime.^ There was widespread looting of government buildings.
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So, after full coordination within the U.S. government, including the military, I issued an order to build a new, all-volunteer army .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One notable crime was the looting of the National Museum of Iraq , which held a massive collection of ancient artifacts from more than 7,000 years of Mesopotamian civilization.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

[131][132]
.According to the Pentagon, 250,000 short tons (230,000 t) (of 650,000 short tons (590,000 t) total) of ordnance was looted, providing a significant source of ammunition for the Iraqi insurgency.^ The total number of Iraqi "disappearances" reached 250,000 to 290,000, including members of "communist and other leftist groups; Kurdish, Assyrian and Turcoman opposition groups; out-of-favor Ba'athists; and the relatives of persons in these groups."

^ Number of Iraqi troops that have been “trained and equipped,” according to President Bush in April : 150,000 .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ American officials said that there are 650,000 tons of ammunition lying around Iraq , much of it unsecured.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

.The invasion phase concluded when Tikrit, Hussein's home town, fell with little resistance to the US Marines of Task Force Tripoli and on April 15 the coalition declared the invasion effectively over.^ John Kifner and Ian Fisher, "US Marines leave Baghdad," New York Times, 20 April 2003.
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The US military intelligence and the CIA failed to uncover the true potential of the Iraqi forces and, in essence, misinformed the top military and civilian leadership of the coalition member countries."

^ After the invasion, we were desperate to prompt the people to resist the US occupation.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the invasion phase of the war (March 19-April 30), 9,200 Iraqi combatants were killed along with 7,299 civilians, primarily by US air and ground forces.^ Iraqi combatant fatalities in the 2003 war 4.1.
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Air Force civilian employee) Maj.

^ Iraqi combatant fatalities in the 2003 war .
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[133] .Coalition forces reported the death in combat of 139 U.S. military personnel[134] and 33 UK military personnel.^ Attacks and casualties suffered by coalition and Iraqi forces and civilians were higher than any other similar time span, said the report.” [AP, 3/14/07 ] .
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ April was the bloodiest month of 2007 for U.S. forces in Iraq, with 104 deaths reported.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The US military intelligence and the CIA failed to uncover the true potential of the Iraqi forces and, in essence, misinformed the top military and civilian leadership of the coalition member countries."

[135]

Coalition Provisional Authority and Iraq Survey Group

Occupation zones in Iraq as of September 2003
.Shortly after the invasion, the multinational coalition created the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) سلطة الائتلاف الموحدة, based in the Green Zone, as a transitional government of Iraq until the establishment of a democratic government.^ B. A democratic form of government will be established .
  • Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.gallup.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We will create free trade zones with Iraq.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Establish democratic governments .
  • Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.gallup.com [Source type: Original source]

Citing United Nations Security Council Resolution 1483 (May 22, 2003) and the laws of war, the CPA vested itself with executive, legislative, and judicial authority over the Iraqi government from the period of the CPA's inception on April 21, 2003, until its dissolution on June 28, 2004.
.The CPA was originally headed by Jay Garner, a former U.S. military officer, but his appointment lasted only until May 11, 2003 when President Bush appointed L. Paul Bremer.^ May 1, 2003 —George W. Bush delivers his "Mission Accomplished" speech on the USS Abraham Lincoln.
  • Iraq and the Media 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.fair.org [Source type: News]

^ E-Mail Print Share: Following is the official list of American military personnel killed in Operation Iraqi Freedom prior to May 1, 2003, as of 8:45 a.m.
  • FOXNews.com - Fallen Heroes of Operation Iraqi Freedom - FOX News 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.foxnews.com [Source type: News]

^ On 1 May 2003, President George W. Bush stood aboard USS Abraham Lincoln, in front of a banner stating ‘Mission Accomplished’, and declared that ‘major combat operations have ended.
  • Site - Main - Reference Library 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC smallwarsjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Bremer served until the CPA's dissolution in July 2004.
.Another group created by the multinational force in Iraq post-invasion was the 1,400-member international Iraq Survey Group who conducted a fact-finding mission to find Iraqi weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programmes.^ Q: Well, the finding weapons of mass destruction.
  • DefenseLink News Transcript: DoD News Briefing - Secretary Rumsfeld and Gen. Myers 11 September 2009 6:47 UTC www.defenselink.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ We know where [the weapons of mass destruction] are.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Those weapons of mass destruction have got to be somewhere.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

.In 2004 the ISG's Duelfer Report[136] stated that Iraq did not have a viable WMD program.^ OCTOBER 7, 2004: Duelfer Report: Iraq did not have WMD .
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ A State Department intelligence analyst told a congressional hearing that he had felt pressure to make his reports conform to the administration's position on Iraq .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ "Looking back, do you think the United States did the right thing in taking military action against Iraq, or should the U.S. have stayed out?"

Post-invasion phase

.On May 1, 2003, President Bush staged a dramatic visit to the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln operating a few miles west of San Diego, California.^ May 1, 2003 —George W. Bush delivers his "Mission Accomplished" speech on the USS Abraham Lincoln.
  • Iraq and the Media 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.fair.org [Source type: News]

^ Bush declared victory aboard the aircraft carrier in 2003.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ President Bush visits Pottstown, Pa.

.The visit climaxed at sunset with Bush's now well-known "Mission Accomplished" speech.^ May 1, 2003 —George W. Bush delivers his "Mission Accomplished" speech on the USS Abraham Lincoln.
  • Iraq and the Media 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.fair.org [Source type: News]

^ Speaking on the deck of the USS Abraham Lincoln, under a banner saying "MISSION ACCOMPLISHED," Bush said, "Major combat operations in Iraq have ended.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Poll: Support for Iraq war reaches new low « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Comments (6) Related Tags : Bush , Congress , Hoyer , Iraq War , White House Mission accomplished, five years on .

.In this nationally televised speech, delivered before the sailors and airmen on the flight deck, Bush effectively declared victory due to the defeat of Iraq's conventional forces.^ National strategy for victory in Iraq.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Guerra en Iraq y Estado de Excepción Global. 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: News]

^ May 1, 2003 —George W. Bush delivers his "Mission Accomplished" speech on the USS Abraham Lincoln.
  • Iraq and the Media 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.fair.org [Source type: News]

^ Speaking on the deck of the USS Abraham Lincoln, under a banner saying "MISSION ACCOMPLISHED," Bush said, "Major combat operations in Iraq have ended.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Poll: Support for Iraq war reaches new low « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, former President Hussein remained at large and significant pockets of resistance remained.^ Deals with the problems that might arise after the defeat of former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein's regime.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Deals with the possibility that U.S. President George W. Bush ousted former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein due to oil.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the American death toll in Iraq nears 3,000, President Bush acknowledges that the execution of former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein will not abate the violence there.

The USS Abraham Lincoln returning to port carrying its Mission Accomplished banner
.After President Bush's speech, coalition forces noticed a gradually increasing flurry of attacks on its troops in various regions, especially in the "Sunni Triangle".[137] The initial Iraqi insurgents were supplied by hundreds of weapons caches created prior to the invasion by the Iraqi army and Republican Guard.^ Bush and Blair prior to the invasion: .
  • China Colonizing Africa?: PostGlobal at washingtonpost.com - 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I support President Bush and the troops forever.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Poll: Support for Iraq war reaches new low « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Coalition continued to attack and decimate the Republican Guard on 3 April.
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Initially, Iraqi resistance (described by the coalition as "Anti-Iraqi Forces") largely stemmed from fedayeen and Hussein/Ba'ath Party loyalists, but soon religious radicals and Iraqis angered by the occupation contributed to the insurgency.^ He is a member of the Ba'ath Party and Saddam Husseins half-brother.
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Iraqi capabilities that concerned the coalition forces—missiles and weapons of mass destruction—were employed, respectively, in small numbers or not at all.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom: A First Blush Assessment 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.csbaonline.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 5 May Coalition forces battled Iraqi Shi'ite Muslim militiamen loyal to rebel cleric Moqtada al-Sadr in the holy city of Kerbala.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The three provinces with the highest number of attacks were Baghdad, Al Anbar, and Salah Ad Din.^ Al Anbar province, Iraq.
  • Gulf War II 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.pownetwork.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Christopher D. Leon, 20, of Los Angeles, was killed June 20 while conducting combat operations in the Al Anbar Province of Iraq.
  • Iraq War Heroes - Fallen Heroes Memorial - We Freed Iraq 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.iraqwarheroes.org [Source type: General]

^ He was asked whether this would inform his thinking about whether to continue the current strategy, with extra U.S. troops battling to security Baghdad and Anbar province.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Those three provinces account for 35% of the population, but are responsible for 73% of U.S. military deaths (as of December 5, 2006), and an even higher percentage of recent U.S. military deaths (about 80%.^ And what about American military deaths?

^ It's no wonder that Shiites and Kurds, who together make up more than 80 percent of Iraq's population, hated Hussein's military.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld has argued that the challenges confronting the American military have changed significantly in recent years, with even more dramatic changes on the way.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom: A First Blush Assessment 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.csbaonline.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

)[138]
.
May 18, 2004: Staff Sgt.
^ May 1, 2004, Iraq Sgt.

^ May 2, 2004, Iraq Sgt.

^ May 18, 2004 .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]
  • Bush, George W. (Harper's Magazine) 22 September 2009 21:35 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Theater Of Operation - California's War Dead - Los Angeles Times 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: Academic]

Kevin Jessen checks the underside of two anti-tank mines found in a village outside Ad Dujayl in the Sunni Triangle
.Insurgents use guerrilla tactics including: mortars, missiles, suicide attacks, snipers, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), car bombs, small arms fire (usually with assault rifles), and RPGs (rocket propelled grenades), as well as sabotage against the petroleum, water, and electrical infrastructure.^ Died in Baghdad when his camp was attacked by individuals using rockets and small arms fire.
  • FOXNews.com - Fallen Heroes of Operation Iraqi Freedom - FOX News 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC origin.foxnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Killed in Baghdad when improvised explosive devices, small arms fire, and a rocket-propelled grenade hit his convoy.
  • FOXNews.com - Fallen Heroes of Operation Iraqi Freedom - FOX News 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC origin.foxnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Died when individuals using small-arms fire and rocket-propelled grenades attacked his vehicle in Baghdad, Iraq, in August 6, 2004 .
  • Forces: U.S. & Coalition/Casualties - Special Reports from CNN.com 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

.Post-invasion Iraq coalition efforts commenced after the fall of the Hussein regime.^ The consortium was shortlisted by the Saddam Hussein regime before the US invasion of Iraq.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Even before the 9-11 attacks , regime change in Saddam Hussein 's Iraq was a high priority of the George W. Bush Administration .
  • Iraq War - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Iraq War - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 15 January 2010 22:022 UTC locke.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Iraq War - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pace, who was vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs before being appointed chairman, has been involved in all of the key decisions leading to the March 2003 invasion of Iraq and the planning for the post-Saddam Hussein era.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.The coalition nations, together with the United Nations, began to work to establish a stable, compliant democratic state capable of defending itself from non-coalition forces, as well as overcoming internal divisions.^ You do not have the capability to fight Coalition forces.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Underlying the strategy is the ancient proverb “Give a man a fish, and you feed him for a day; teach a man to fish, and you feed him for a lifetime.” Arming a democratic Iraq with the internal and external security to defend itself will be a political victory that will allow the United States to withdraw from operations.
  • Site - Main - Reference Library 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC smallwarsjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United States of America has aligned itself right or wrong with Israel.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[139][140]
.Meanwhile, coalition military forces launched several operations around the Tigris River peninsula and in the Sunni Triangle.^ Maintaining a significant presence in every part of their battle space, the combined force has severely limited insurgent operations in the city.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Operation Steel Hammer, intended to end Al Qaeda operations in Hit, west of Baghdad , was launched with a force of 1,500 U.S. Marines , 500 U.S. Army soldiers, and 500 Iraqi soldiers.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ The US military intelligence and the CIA failed to uncover the true potential of the Iraqi forces and, in essence, misinformed the top military and civilian leadership of the coalition member countries."

.A series of similar operations were launched throughout the summer in the Sunni Triangle.^ US-Iraqi troops launch assault in Anbar US military launch ‘Operation Mawtini’ to crush Sunni insurgency in Iraq’s western province.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Toward the end of 2003, the intensity and pace of insurgent attacks began to increase.^ Relevant to this is the relative lack of a "ramp-up" period in the OIF air campaign -- that is, a period during which the intensity of air attacks increased gradually.
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ June ended the deadliest quarter for U.S. troops in Iraq since the war began in March 2003 - 330 deaths.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But despite the ever-present threat of insurgent attack, most of the soldiers feel Iraq is a far different place than during the 2003 invasion.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

.A sharp surge in guerrilla attacks ushered in an insurgent effort that was termed the "Ramadan Offensive", as it coincided with the beginning of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.^ This makes the official Pentagon claim that the number of insurgent attacks is down from 140 a day in January to 40 a day this month dubious.

^ The holy month of Ramadan began on Saturday with a fresh explosion of violence.
  • http://www.terrorismcentral.com/Newsletters/2006/092406.html 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.terrorismcentral.com [Source type: News]

^ Other obstacles in the rebuilding effort are insurgent and criminal attacks on the sites, Walsh said.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.To counter this offensive, coalition forces begin to use air power and artillery again for the first time since the end of the invasion by striking suspected ambush sites and mortar launching positions.^ Only time will tell if it has the power to end it.
  • lies.com » US Deaths in Vietnam and Iraq by Month 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.lies.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Americas bid to act as the worlds only super-power and to establish quasi-colonial control of Iraq, an attempt which began with the invasion of 2003, has ended in failure.
  • large collection of articles on the Invasion Of iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.countercurrents.org [Source type: News]

^ [W]e urge you, after consulting with Congress, and consistent with the U.S. Constitution and laws, to take necessary actions (including, if appropriate, air and missile strikes on suspect Iraqi sites) to respond effectively to the threat posed by Iraq’s refusal to end its weapons of mass destruction programs.” Letter to President Clinton.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Video: NBC declares ‘civil war’ in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC hotair.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Surveillance of major routes, patrols, and raids on suspected insurgents were stepped up.^ To charges that the plan has produced a ``whack a mole'' result in which insurgents are routed in one location, only to pop up in another, Crocker said, ``What we are now positioned to do ...
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Every patrol, whether to raid an insurgent hide-out or deliver the mail or attend a meeting, is a combat patrol.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

^ British Special Forces Caught Pretending to be Iraqi 'Insurgents' - The Iraqi police were patrolling the area looking for suspected "terrorists" or "insurgents", and they noticed that the men were acting suspiciously.

.In addition, two villages, including Hussein's birthplace of al-Auja and the small town of Abu Hishma were surrounded by barbed wire and carefully monitored.^ In Saddam Hussein's genocide trial, Chief Judge Abdullah al-Amiri was dismissed following comments that included an assertion that Saddam was not a dictator.
  • http://www.terrorismcentral.com/Newsletters/2006/092406.html 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.terrorismcentral.com [Source type: News]

^ Some 600 miles to the south of Penjwin, in the riverside town of Abu al-Khasib, near Basra, a small flotilla of fishing boats sets sail every morning.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition, a few private groups including U.S. nonprofit CHF International have quietly overseen small-scale employment schemes.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, the failure to restore basic services to pre-war levels, where over a decade of sanctions, US and UK bombing, corruption, and decaying infrastructure had left major cities barely functioning, contributed to local anger at the IPA government.^ If this had happened in the US or UK or France or China, somebody would already have dropped a nuclear bomb… How is this happening?

^ There are also major rumblings in parliament over the draft Iraqi oil law, which purportedly gives US and UK oil companies 76% stock in the country's oil.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That Iraqis and the coalition must work together to tackle the immediate issues of restoring security and basic services.
  • Iraq War Weblog, Conflict in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.wbur.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Hunting down the Hussein regime

.In the summer of 2003, the multinational forces focused on hunting down the remaining leaders of the former regime.^ He is expected to emerge with advice that U.S. military forces stand firm in Iraq following the final draw-down this summer of the “surge’’ forces that were added last year.

^ Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) announced that he plans to force war supporters to physically remain in the Senate and filibuster Iraq withdrawal legislation.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Winning will require a new approach to counterinsurgency, one that focuses on providing security to Iraqis rather than hunting down insurgents.
  • Site - Main - Reference Library 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC smallwarsjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On July 22, a raid by the US 101st Airborne Division and soldiers from Task Force 20 killed Hussein's sons (Uday and Qusay) along with one of his grandsons.^ Leaflets disseminated by Task Force 20 .
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The unit was involved in the 22 July 2003 raid in Mosul in which Saddam's sons Uday and Qusay were killed.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Joey D. Whitener , 19, of Nebo, N.C. Killed when two 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters crashed in Mosul, Iraq.
  • FOXNews.com - Fallen Heroes of Operation Iraqi Freedom - FOX News 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC origin.foxnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In all, over 300 top leaders of the former regime were killed or captured, as well as numerous lesser functionaries and military personnel.^ E-Mail Print Share: Following is the official list of American military personnel killed in Operation Iraqi Freedom prior to May 1, 2003, as of 8:45 a.m.
  • FOXNews.com - Fallen Heroes of Operation Iraqi Freedom - FOX News 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.foxnews.com [Source type: News]

^ Although the doctors' "final determination" of status might screen some residual cases of mistakenly categorized military personnel, it would not catch them all.
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Al-Zarqawi, the former leader of al-Qaida's Iraq operations, was killed there in June 2006 by a U.S. airstrike.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Most significantly, Saddam Hussein himself was captured on December 13, 2003 on a farm near Tikrit in Operation Red Dawn.^ DECEMBER 14, 2003: Saddam is captured .
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Saddam Hussein was found cowering in a pit on a farm near Tikrit .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ She was at the news conference in the embassy the day Paul Bremer announced that Saddam Hussein had been captured.

[141] .The operation was conducted by the United States Army's 4th Infantry Division and members of Task Force 121.^ The United States Army Fourth Infantry Division began airlifting members to Kuwait.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Died while conducting combat operations against enemy forces in Anbar province, Iraq, on October 15, 2006 .
  • Forces: U.S. & Coalition/Casualties - Special Reports from CNN.com 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ "To express the sense of the Senate that General David H. Petraeus, Commanding General, Multi-National Force-Iraq, deserves the full support of the Senate and strongly condemn personal attacks on the honor and integrity of General Petraeus and all members of the United States Armed Forces."

.Intelligence on Saddam’s whereabouts came from his family members and former bodyguards.^ According to former intelligence professionals, members of the OSP are dangerous ideologues.
  • Revisited - The Real Reasons for the Upcoming War in Iraq: A Macroeconomic and Geostrategic Analysis of the Unspoken Truth, by William Clark, updated: Jan 2004 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.ratical.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How many members of the pro-American Free Iraqi Forces were in and around Fardus Square as the statue of Saddam came tumbling down?

^ Um Qasim lives with 13 family members in a brick shanty on the edge of a former military intelligence building in the Mansoor district of Baghdad.
  • large collection of articles on the Invasion Of iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.countercurrents.org [Source type: News]

[142]
.With the capture of Hussein and a drop in the number of insurgent attacks, some concluded the multinational forces were prevailing in the fight against the insurgency.^ He stressed that "Iran must stop providing armed groups with weapons, which are being used in attacks against Multi-National forces."
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "A number of hospitals and markets were secured during that period and the security forces played an important role in limiting gunmen's attacks," he noted.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Odierno noted that efforts to engage tribal leaders in Anbar province — who have been turning against al-Qaida there — has helped draw people to serve in the Iraqi security forces in record numbers and has helped reduce attacks there.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.The provisional government began training the new Iraqi security forces intended to police the country, and the United States promised over $20 billion in reconstruction money in the form of credit against Iraq's future oil revenues.^ We need the cooperation of the Iraq people with the Iraqi security forces.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States isn't the only country spending money there.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Why leave it to the security forces and police?

.Oil revenue was also used for rebuilding schools and for work on the electrical and refining infrastructure.^ Meanwhile, Iraqi oil workers embarked on a reconstruction effort - rebuilding drilling rigs, pipelines and refining and port equipment.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The revenue sharing law had taken a back seat to a law referred to as the hydrocarbons framework law, which would lay the ground work for oil control and, controversially, foreign investment.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "It will take years to build the company and Iraq needs oil revenues immediately to reinstate infrastructure and provide basic services to its people.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Shortly after the capture of Hussein, elements left out of the Coalition Provisional Authority began to agitate for elections and the formation of an Iraqi Interim Government.^ Iraqi interim governance .
  • Iraq War - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Iraq War - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 15 January 2010 22:022 UTC locke.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Iraq War - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC en.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iraqi government may be changing shortly..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Executive Presidency to the interim Iraqi government .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Most prominent among these was the Shia cleric Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani.^ Iraq’s most revered Shiite cleric Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani said that he supports the open-list system in the upcoming January’s general elections, otherwise the turnout will suffer negative impact if closed-list system adopted by the parliament, a Sistani spokesman said on Tuesday.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani has expressed concern about the country’s security agreement with the United States, saying it gives the Americans the upper hand and does not do enough to protect Iraqi sovereignty, an official at his office said.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ The United States must find a way to talk to Grand Ayatollah Sistani, Moqtada al-Sadr, and militia and insurgent leaders.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

.The Coalition Provisional Authority opposed allowing democratic elections at this time.^ The Coalition Provisional Authority’s errors are significant.
  • Site - Main - Reference Library 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC smallwarsjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He argues that Geneva Convention IV limits what the Coalition Provisional Authority and its contractors can legally do in Iraq.

^ The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) had shipped the money to the Kurds in three helicopters filled with shrink-wrapped blocks of 100-dollar notes,” the paper reported.

[143] .The insurgents stepped up their activities.^ Insurgents step up attacks .
  • Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.gallup.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Were insurgents using larger bombs or had they picked up the pace of their activity?

^ But one sign of the stepped-up activity was apparent in a recent operation reported by the Third Infantry Division, which is operating in the Sunni Arab belts south of the capital.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.The two most turbulent centers were the area around Fallujah and the poor Shia sections of cities from Baghdad (Sadr City) to Basra in the south.^ Fallujah remains a crippled city more than two years after the November 2004 U.S.-led assault.
  • large collection of articles on the Invasion Of iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.countercurrents.org [Source type: News]

^ US forces continued their siege against Baghdad’s Sadr City neighborhood on Tuesday, leaving dozens dead.
  • large collection of articles on the Invasion Of iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.countercurrents.org [Source type: News]

^ The source also said Al Sadr was bringing in followers into Najaf from Sadr City in Baghdad and that many members of his outlawed militia, Mehdi's Army, were from surrounding provinces."

2004: Iraqi Resistance expands

See also: Military operations of the Iraq War for a list of all Coalition operations for this period, 2004 in Iraq, Iraqi coalition counter-insurgency operations, History of Iraqi insurgency, United States occupation of Fallujah, Iraq Spring Fighting of 2004
.The start of 2004 was marked by a relative lull in violence.^ Twin car bombings ripped through a Baghdad bus station killing 16 people, as violence across Iraq claimed at least 26 lives and shattered a relative lull marked by largely peaceful elections.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

.Insurgent forces reorganised during this time, studying the multinational forces' tactics and planning a renewed offensive.^ BAGHDAD – Iraqi Forces detained 15 suspected insurgents without incident during three operations in central Iraq May 26, 27 and 28.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sara wrote: Iran's secret plan for summer offensive to force US out of Iraq Simon Tisdall Tuesday May 22, 2007 The Guardian .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That's longer than World War I, and longer than World War II. So the plan should have been to force the Iraqis to stand up on their own a long time ago.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Poll: Support for Iraq war reaches new low « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, violence did increase during the Iraq Spring Fighting of 2004 with foreign fighters from around the Middle East as well as al-Qaeda in Iraq (an affiliated al-Qaeda group), led by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi helping to drive the insurgency.^ Abu Musab al-Zarqawi has killed hundreds of Iraqis!
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sunni group condemns Iraq al-Qaeda .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Essentially, then, we are really helping Iraq fight Iraq.
  • lies.com » US Deaths in Vietnam and Iraq by Month 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.lies.com [Source type: Original source]

.As the insurgency grew there was a distinct change in targeting from the coalition forces towards the new Iraqi Security Forces, as hundreds of Iraqi civilians and police were killed over the next few months in a series of massive bombings.^ The Coalition does not target civilians.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iraqi Security Forces are continuing the search.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

^ Tip leads Iraqi Security Forces to car bomb Maj.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

.An organized Sunni insurgency, with deep roots and both nationalist and Islamist motivations, was becoming more powerful throughout Iraq.^ Effects of the change in the sectarian balance of power; Anti-Shi'a violence as a constituent part of the ideology of Sunni militancy; Effect beyond Iraq's borders from Lebanon to Pakistan.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Let me reach a bit: We ramp up pressure on Iran through UN sanctions and Russian nuclear “extortion” thereby pacifying, to some degree, the concern of Sunni states concerned with rising Shia power in both Iran and Iraq.
  • tdaxp » Blog Archive » The Iraq War 11 September 2009 11:13 UTC www.tdaxp.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These groups include both nationalists seeking to eject the United States from Iraq , rival factions that oppose the particular Shia coalition represented in the national government, and organized militias responding to heightened violence by the Sunni insurgency.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Shia Mahdi Army also began launching attacks on coalition targets in an attempt to seize control from Iraqi security forces.^ Iraqi Security Forces are continuing the search.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

^ Americas bid to act as the worlds only super-power and to establish quasi-colonial control of Iraq, an attempt which began with the invasion of 2003, has ended in failure.
  • large collection of articles on the Invasion Of iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.countercurrents.org [Source type: News]

^ The degree of Iranian penetration into the Iraqi government's highest councils, into the security services, and into the society itself is unknown but potentially a potent force.
  • National Journal Online -- National Security Experts -- The Iraq War: Over Or Not? 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC security.nationaljournal.com [Source type: Original source]

.The southern and central portions of Iraq were beginning to erupt in urban guerrilla combat as multinational forces attempted to keep control and prepared for a counteroffensive.^ Americas bid to act as the worlds only super-power and to establish quasi-colonial control of Iraq, an attempt which began with the invasion of 2003, has ended in failure.
  • large collection of articles on the Invasion Of iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.countercurrents.org [Source type: News]

^ Died while conducting combat operations against enemy forces in Anbar province, Iraq, on October 15, 2006 .
  • Forces: U.S. & Coalition/Casualties - Special Reports from CNN.com 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ The head of the armed forces has told the BBC that the British military has succeeded in its mission objectives in southern Iraq.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

Coalition Provisional Authority director L. Paul Bremer signs over sovereignty to the appointed Iraqi Interim Government, June 28, 2004.
.The most serious fighting of the war so far began on March 31, 2004, when Iraqi insurgents in Fallujah ambushed a Blackwater USA convoy led by four US private military contractors who were providing security for food caterers Eurest Support Services.^ Military.com article, March 2004.
  • Site - Main - Reference Library 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC smallwarsjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Iraqi military are fighting side by side with us.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Feb 15, 2004 - March 31, 2004 .
  • Gulf War II 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.pownetwork.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[144] .The four armed contractors, Scott Helvenston, Jerko Zovko, Wesley Batalona, and Michael Teague, were killed with grenades and small arms fire.^ Killed in an ambush by small arms fire and rocket-propelled grenades in Tikrit, Iraq.
  • FOXNews.com - Fallen Heroes of Operation Iraqi Freedom - FOX News 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC origin.foxnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Francis J. Straub Jr. Philadelphia, Pa., died in Bayji, Iraq, when a mine exploded and enemy forces attacked using small arms fire while the he was investigating a rocket-propelled grenade incident.
  • FOXNews.com - Fallen Heroes of Operation Iraqi Freedom - FOX News 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC origin.foxnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dominic R. Coles, 25, of Jesup, Ga., died in Baghdad, Iraq when his vehicle came under attack during combat operations by enemy forces using small arms fire, rocket-propelled grenades and mortars.
  • U.S. Military Deaths in War With Iraq -- 2005 - ABC News 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC abcnews.go.com [Source type: Academic]

.Subsequently, their bodies were dragged from their vehicles by local people, beaten, set ablaze, and their burned corpses hung over a bridge crossing the Euphrates.^ The group were shot and burnt in their cars, before a cheering crowd dismembered the corpses and hung two of them from a bridge.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Bodies and body parts were filmed hanging from a telephone pole and a bridge over the Euphrates River.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bodies dressed in the uniform of the Republican Guard and burned-out vehicles were strewn around the roadways.

[145] Photos of the event were released to news agencies worldwide, causing a great deal of indignation and moral outrage in the United States, and prompting an unsuccessful "pacification" of the city: the First Battle of Fallujah in April 2004.
The offensive was resumed in November 2004 in the bloodiest battle of the war so far: the Second Battle of Fallujah, described by the US military as "the heaviest urban combat (that they had been involved in) since the battle of Hue City in Vietnam."[146] During the assault, US forces used white phosphorus as an incendiary weapon against insurgent personnel, attracting controversy. .The 46-day battle resulted in a victory for the coalition, with 95 US soldiers killed along with approximately 1,350 insurgents.^ Four US soldiers killed in Iraq .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ US soldier killed in Baghdad .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Four Coalition soldiers were killed.
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Fallujah was totally devastated during the fighting, though civilian casualties were low, as they had mostly fled before the battle.^ They may have fled because of the fighting.
  • OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM: OPERATIONS AND RECONSTRUCTION 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Its total for civilian fatalities during the period covered by our report is approximately 5,450 - 7,100, with a mid-point of about 6,275.
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pretty exciting, because even though they aren't our replacements, they are replacing a company that got here right before we did.

[147]
.Another major event of this year was the revelation of widespread prisoner abuse at Abu Ghraib which received international media attention in April 2004. First reports of the Abu Ghraib prisoner abuse, as well as graphic pictures showing US military personnel taunting and abusing Iraqi prisoners, came to public attention from a 60 Minutes II news report (April 28) and a Seymour M. Hersh article in the The New Yorker (posted online on April 30.)[148] Military correspondent Thomas Ricks claimed that these revelations dealt a blow to the moral justifications for the occupation in the eyes of many people, especially Iraqis, and was a turning point in the war.^ This last year especially has been a turning point.

^ The Abu Ghraib prison was placed under Iraqi control.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ The Iraqi military are fighting side by side with us.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[149]

2005: Elections and transitional government

.On January 31, Iraqis elected the Iraqi Transitional Government in order to draft a permanent constitution.^ During this deployment, "dog face soldiers" protected the new Iraqi Transitional National Assembly which wrote the first popularly-ratified constitution for Iraq and oversaw the transition of Iraq to a government democratically elected by the Iraqi people of all ethnic and religious persuasions in a free and fair election.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - 2007 Tour 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

^ But rather than overthrow Saddam Hussein and his regime, the Division oversaw the transition from Prime Minister Iyad Allawi's interim government to a freely and fairly elected representative Iraqi government.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - 2007 Tour 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

^ International , Iraq War , Sexism , Updates Women and the Iraqi Constitution Tomorrow, leaders of major political parties in the Iraqi Transitional National Assembly and the members of the Constitution Drafting Committee will begin debating Iraq's draft constitution .
  • Feministing: Iraq War Archives 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although some violence and a widespread Sunni boycott marred the event, most of the eligible Kurd and Shia populace participated.^ Sunni and some Shiite parties opposed to Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's government are alternately threatening to boycott Parliament or return to oppose the law.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Baghdad is being torn apart with Shia leaving Sunni areas and Sunnis leaving Shia areas- some under threat and some in fear of attacks.

^ Perhaps most damaging are persistent suspicions that some Sunni Arab lawmakers are linked to insurgents fighting U.S. and Iraqi forces.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.On February 4, Paul Wolfowitz announced that 15,000 US troops whose tours of duty had been extended in order to provide election security would be pulled out of Iraq by the next month.^ Today the US has around 130,000 troops in Iraq!!!
  • lies.com » US Deaths in Vietnam and Iraq by Month 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.lies.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ukraine pulled its troops out of Iraq .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ At present over 140,000 US troops are in Iraq.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom: A First Blush Assessment 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.csbaonline.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[150] February to April proved to be relatively peaceful months compared to the carnage of November and January, with insurgent attacks averaging 30 a day from the prior average of 70.
.Hopes for a quick end to the insurgency and a withdrawal of US troops were dashed in May, Iraq's bloodiest month since the invasion.^ And he assailed lawmakers calling for a withdrawal of US troops from Iraq.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As the fifth anniversary of the fateful decision to launch the invasion of Iraq passes, the claims by the US administration that the 2007 troop surge has succeeded in quelling the insurgency and checking the slide to sectarian break up - claims that were being made loudly at the start of this year - are becoming fainter by the day .
  • large collection of articles on the Invasion Of iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.countercurrents.org [Source type: News]

^ The war in Iraq is but a formal pretext to legitimate a discourse whose true aim is to eliminate the international law system, in the same way that the invasion of Poland by the troops of the III Reich had the aim of ending the legality imposed by the French Revolution.
  • Equipo Nizkor - Guerra en Iraq y Estado de Excepción Global. 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.derechos.org [Source type: News]

.Suicide bombers, believed to be mainly disheartened Iraqi Sunni Arabs, Syrians and Saudis, tore through Iraq.^ The Surge is working, grumble, grumble, grumble, But, but, but, the Iraqi parliment is not singing Kumbaya like the Dems so we still failed, it's a failure we tell you, you must believe us that Iraq is a failure.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraq is not surrounded by hostile Sunni Arab countries.
  • tdaxp » Blog Archive » The Iraq War 11 September 2009 11:13 UTC www.tdaxp.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The group is based in northern and central Iraq, and includes both Kurdish and Sunni Arabs as well as foreign fighters.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Their targets were often Shia gatherings or civilian concentrations of Shias. .As a result, over 700 Iraqi civilians died in that month, as well as 79 US soldiers.^ Iraqis dying a month in the event of a pullout..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Another four US soldiers have died in violence in Iraq, the military said on Tuesday, bringing to 32 the number of American troops killed in the country this month alone.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Just how much the Iraqi defenses were in the dark is reflected in the well-publicized Iraqi hunt for downed US pilots near Baghdad.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom: A First Blush Assessment 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.csbaonline.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The summer of 2005 saw fighting around Baghdad and at Tall Afar in northwestern Iraq as US forces tried to seal off the Syrian border.^ Quantitatively, Iraq fielded a fighting force in 2003 only half as large as its 1991 force.
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bush said that US officials have warned Iran in talks in Baghdad to stop shipping sophisticated roadside bombs into Iraq or face the "consequences."
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Five Britons kidnapped in Baghdad last month are being held by a militant group armed, trained and funded by Iran, the US commander in Iraq has claimed.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.This led to fighting in the autumn in the small towns of the Euphrates valley between the capital and that border.^ The traditionally minded tribal leaders oppose the militant group's plan to impose an Islamic caliphate, and the two sides have fought battles in towns and villages along the length of the Euphrates valley from Falluja to the Syrian border.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a result, the major towns and cities from the Syrian border to the Euphrates toward Baghdad are largely in the hands of the Iraqi security forces and U.S. forces, Fallon said.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[151]
.A referendum was held in October 15 in which the new Iraqi constitution was ratified.^ A draft of the Iraqi constitution was completed, with a referendum scheduled for October.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Article 14 of Iraq’s new constitution, approved in a nationwide referendum held on October 15, states that Iraqis are equal before the law “without discrimination because of sex.” ” .
  • Michael Yon: Iraq War Won [Dan Collins] 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC proteinwisdom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ OCTOBER 15, 2006: Hagel: “We need to find a new strategy, a way out of Iraq.” .
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

.An Iraqi national assembly was elected in December, with participation from the Sunnis as well as the Kurds and Shia.^ DECEMBER 15, 2005: Iraqis vote to elect members of Iraqi Assembly.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ I hate the media and I hate the Iraqi government for turning this atrocity into another Sunni-Shia debacle- like it matters whether Sabrine is Sunni or Shia or Arab or Kurd (the Al Janabi tribe is composed of both Sunnis and Shia).

^ Instead, they are going to have to guarantee Iraqi neutrality by giving the Sunnis a much larger slice, leaving the Kurds to get screwed yet again.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[151]
.Insurgent attacks increased in 2005 with 34,131 recorded incidents, compared to a total 26,496 for the previous year.^ BAGHDAD – Iraqi Forces detained 15 suspected insurgents without incident during three operations in central Iraq May 26, 27 and 28.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The purchases will be made possible by a 26 percent increase in the country's defence budget, to 4.1 billion dollars (three billion euros) for the current fiscal year.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While violence has declined sharply from last year, bomb attacks in Baghdad have increased in recent weeks.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

[152]

2006: Civil war and permanent Iraqi government

Nouri al-Maliki meets with George W. Bush, June 2006
.The beginning of 2006 was marked by government creation talks, growing sectarian violence, and continuous anti-coalition attacks.^ Effects of the change in the sectarian balance of power; Anti-Shi'a violence as a constituent part of the ideology of Sunni militancy; Effect beyond Iraq's borders from Lebanon to Pakistan.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anti-U.S. Attack Videos Spread on Internet Youtube and Google video show videos taken by soldiers showing censored attacks on U.S. troops- violence never shown on U.S. TV .
  • Americans Against World Empire, Americans Against Bombing 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC iraqwar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many people talk about sectarian violence and that there is a civil war.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Sectarian violence expanded to a new level of intensity following the al-Askari Mosque bombing in the Iraqi city of Samarra, on February 22, 2006. The explosion at the mosque, one of the holiest sites in Shi'a Islam, is believed to have been caused by a bomb planted by al-Qaeda.^ February 22, 2006: Iraq’s Golden Mosque in Samarra badly damaged in a bomb attack that fuels sectarian tensions .
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ All of this followed within hours the bombing of the Shiite Al-Askari shrine in Samarra.

^ Today's mosque bombing follows last week's attack on the al-Askari Mosque in Samarra.

.Although no injuries occurred in the blast, the mosque was severely damaged and the bombing resulted in violence over the following days.^ No injuries or damage were reported.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

^ The 931 daily currency auction was held in the Central Bank of Iraq day Thursday 2007/5/24 so the results were as follows : .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The 903 daily currency auction was held in the Central Bank of Iraq day Sunday 2007/4/ 15 so the results were as follows : .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Over 100 dead bodies with bullet holes were found on February 23, and at least 165 people are thought to have been killed.^ At least 100 people were wounded.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]
  • Iraq > World War II 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: General]

^ In Baghdad at least 28 people were killed when two suicide bombers attacked the Interior Ministry.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Plenty of graphic media of dead people and body parts.
  • ZORIAH - A PHOTOJOURNALIST AND WAR PHOTOGRAPHER'S BLOG: Suicide Bombing in Anbar - Eye Witness Account - Iraq War Photographer Diary - Graphic Images 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.zoriah.net [Source type: General]

.In the aftermath of this attack the US military calculated that the average homicide rate in Baghdad tripled from 11 to 33 deaths per day.^ But Iraq did not attack us on 9/11.
  • The Becker-Posner Blog: Response to Comments on Preventive War--Posner 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC www.becker-posner-blog.com [Source type: Original source]

^ US military fatalities were 83 in January, 80 in February, and 69 in the first 18 days of this month (plus usually a few temporarily withheld announcements).
  • tdaxp » Blog Archive » The Iraq War 11 September 2009 11:13 UTC www.tdaxp.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On June 11, Niles Brush was talking with Iraqis in a car at a military checkpoint in Ad Diwaniyah, south of Baghdad.
  • The Memory Hole > US Military Personnel Wounded in Iraq & Afghanistan: A Running Log 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.thememoryhole.org [Source type: General]

.In 2006 the UN described the environment in Iraq as a "civil war-like situation."^ The Iraq civil war has begun.
  • lies.com » US Deaths in Vietnam and Iraq by Month 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.lies.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraq into a bloody civil war… .
  • Michael Yon: Iraq War Won [Dan Collins] 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC proteinwisdom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ AUGUST 30, 2006: Rumsfeld compares Iraq war critics to those who believed Hitler could be “appeased” [CNN, 8/30/2006 ] .
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

[153]
.The current government of Iraq took office on May 20, 2006 following approval by the members of the Iraqi National Assembly.^ Postwar Governance (2006-current) 13.
  • Regional Repercussions of Iraq War - War Report 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: News]

^ May 20, 2006 .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ During this deployment, "dog face soldiers" protected the new Iraqi Transitional National Assembly which wrote the first popularly-ratified constitution for Iraq and oversaw the transition of Iraq to a government democratically elected by the Iraqi people of all ethnic and religious persuasions in a free and fair election.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - 2007 Tour 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

.This followed the general election in December 2005.^ Let's hope they follow through and hold a general election before they do any more damage.
  • BBC - Nick Robinson's Newslog: Shock news 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

.The government succeeded the Iraqi Transitional Government which had continued in office in a caretaker capacity until the formation of the permanent government.^ He said the U.S. needs a strategy for protecting the gains it has made in Iraq, even as it transitions control to the Iraqi government.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Is this the strong resistance which the Iraqi government continually calls upon?
  • War on Iraq 2003@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Al-Shahristani said that according to the current Iraqi law, all contracts should be signed by the federal government until the new oil and gas law is issued.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

Iraq Study Group report and Hussein's execution

.The Iraq Study Group Report was released on December 6, 2006. Iraq Study Group, made up of people from both of the major US parties, was led by former US Secretary of State James Baker and former Democratic congressman Lee Hamilton.^ The ISG is led by former Secretary of State James Baker and former Indiana Rep.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are people of both parties that we need fighting for us.
  • Capitol Hill Blue's The Rant - Scum-sucking traitors to their country 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC www.capitolhillblue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Here's the much awaited report from the Iraq Study Group.

.It concluded that "the situation in Iraq is grave and deteriorating" and "U.S. forces seem to be caught in a mission that has no foreseeable end."^ The situation seems likely to deteriorate further.
  • http://www.terrorismcentral.com/Newsletters/2006/092406.html 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.terrorismcentral.com [Source type: News]

^ Speaking on the deck of the USS Abraham Lincoln, under a banner saying "MISSION ACCOMPLISHED," Bush said, "Major combat operations in Iraq have ended.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Poll: Support for Iraq war reaches new low « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It also presents leaders who are forced to respond to his plots when there seem to be no “right” or “good” or “correct” choices open to them.
  • Pajamas Media » Hollywood Loses the War in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The report's 79 recommendations include increasing diplomatic measures with Iran and Syria and intensifying efforts to train Iraqi troops.^ That include requiring a minimum home leave between combat deployments, rescinding Congress's 2002 vote to authorize war, and embracing key elements of the Iraq Study Group's recommendations urging pullout of most U.S. combat troops by the first quarter of 2008 and diplomatic engagement with Iran and Syria.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The U.S. military and Iraqi Ministry of Defense continue to raise troops and are in the process of an intensive training Program.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "The CBI's efforts to implement the recommendations of the Interim Safeguards assessment report and the Ernst & Young 2005 audit report are encouraging.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

On December 18, a Pentagon report found that insurgent attacks were averaging about 960 a week, the highest since the reports had begun in 2005.[154]
.Coalition forces formally transferred control of a province to the Iraqi government, the first since the war.^ He has proposed shifting the province to Iraqi government control as early as August.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For much of the first five years of the Iraq War, the U.S. struggle to pacify Anbar province seemed like a quixotic effort.

^ Posted by Marple at March 3, 2006 04:49 PM Question: Is it not possible that the very form of our government has been subverted since the civil war?
  • Capitol Hill Blue's The Rant - Scum-sucking traitors to their country 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC www.capitolhillblue.com [Source type: Original source]

.Military prosecutors charged eight US Marines with the murders of 24 Iraqi civilians in Haditha in November 2005, 10 of them women and children.^ The figure includes eight military civilians.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ November 24, 2005 .
  • U.S. Military Deaths in War With Iraq -- 2005 - ABC News 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC abcnews.go.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ November 10, 2005 .
  • U.S. Military Deaths in War With Iraq -- 2005 - ABC News 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC abcnews.go.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

.Four officers were also charged with dereliction of duty in relation to the event.^ JULY 8, 2006: Four other soldiers charged with participating in the rape and murders; a fifth charged with dereliction of duty for failing to report the crimes [Bloomberg, 6/9/06 ] .
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

[155]
.Saddam Hussein was hanged on December 30, 2006 after being found guilty of crimes against humanity by an Iraqi court after a year-long trial.^ DECEMBER 30, 2006: Saddam executed by hanging.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ So is executing a human being, be it Eichman or Saddam Hussein.
  • China Colonizing Africa?: PostGlobal at washingtonpost.com - 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ December 30, 2006 .
  • 'Aqoul: Iraq War Archives 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.aqoul.com [Source type: General]

[156]

2007: US troop surge

.In a January 10, 2007 televised address to the US public, Bush proposed 21,500 more troops for Iraq, a job program for Iraqis, more reconstruction proposals, and $1.2 billion for these programs.^ March 21, 2007 1:10 PM ∞ .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The U.S. should send more troops to Iraq.

^ March 10, 2007 10:21 PM ∞ .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[157] On January 23, 2007 in the 2007 State of the Union Address, Bush announced "deploying reinforcements of more than 20,000 additional soldiers and Marines to Iraq."
.
A U.S. Soldier from the Nemesis troop, 3rd Squadron, 2nd Stryker Cavalry Regiment clear a house after one of their Stryker vehicles gets hit by an improvised explosive device, October 18, 2007, Baghdad, Iraq.
^ Died in Baqubah, Iraq, when an improvised explosive device hit his convoy.
  • FOXNews.com - Fallen Heroes of Operation Iraqi Freedom - FOX News 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC origin.foxnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Husaybah, Iraq, where an improvised explosive device detonated near his position.
  • U.S. Military Deaths in War With Iraq -- 2005 - ABC News 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC abcnews.go.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Baghdad when an improvised explosive device detonated near their vehicle.
  • U.S. Military Deaths in War With Iraq -- 2005 - ABC News 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC abcnews.go.com [Source type: Academic]

(U.S. .Army photo by Spc.^ U.S. Army photo by Spc.

^ (U.S. Army photos by Spc.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

^ (U.S. Army photo by Spc.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

Luke Thornberry)
On February 10, 2007 David Petraeus was made commander of Multi-National Force - Iraq (MNF-I), the four-star post that oversees all coalition forces in country, replacing General George Casey. .In his new position, Petraeus oversaw all coalition forces in Iraq and employed them in the new "Surge" strategy outlined by the Bush administration.^ David Petraeus, commander of coalition forces in Iraq.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Petraeus believes the military has done all it can do in Iraq.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Comments (11) Related Tags : Iraq war , McCain , Obama , President Bush War talk: Not to be taken 'all seriously?'

[158][159] .2007 also saw a sharp increase in insurgent chlorine bombings.^ FEBRUARY 22, 2007: Insurgents turn to chlorine bombs .
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

.On May 10, 2007, 144 Iraqi Parliamentary lawmakers signed onto a legislative petition calling on the United States to set a timetable for withdrawal.^ May 11, 2007 6:10 PM ∞ .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ May 14, 2007 10:55 AM ∞ .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ May 10, 2007 Release A070510a .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[160] .On June 3, 2007, the Iraqi Parliament voted 85 to 59 to require the Iraqi government to consult with Parliament before requesting additional extensions of the UN Security Council Mandate for Coalition operations in Iraq.^ The Iraqi system requires that the agreement go before their Council of Representatives.

^ "The Iraqi government requested that such talks ...
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Iraqi regime is not disarming as required by last fall's unanimous vote of the Security Council.
  • Iraq War Weblog, Conflict in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.wbur.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[161] .Despite this, the mandate was renewed on December 18, 2007 without the approval of the Iraqi parliament.^ Washington Post , 18 December 2007.
  • Regional Repercussions of Iraq War - War Report 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: News]

^ NOVEMBER 13, 2007: F.B.I. says guards killed 14 Iraqis without cause.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Stipulated in an agreement signed before the election of the new government, and without meaningful public scrutiny, the law is currently being debated by the Iraqi Parliament.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[162]
British Land Rover Wolfs on patrol around Basra
.Pressures on US troops were compounded by the continuing withdrawal of British forces from the Basra Governorate.^ British troops will also continue to protect the consulate located in central Basra.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In July, however, the group's national commander, Paul Morin, derided the Democratic lawmakers' attempt to legislate a withdrawal of US troops as "Operation Turncoat."
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ US forces continued their siege against Baghdad’s Sadr City neighborhood on Tuesday, leaving dozens dead.
  • large collection of articles on the Invasion Of iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.countercurrents.org [Source type: News]

.In early 2007, British Prime Minister Blair announced that following Operation Sinbad British troops would begin to withdraw from Basra, handing security over to the Iraqis.^ FEBRUARY 21, 2007: Tony Blair announces a timetable for the withdrawal of U.K. troops from Iraq.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ President Bush is meeting with British prime minister Tony Blair.

^ Italy announced that it would start withdrawing its troops from Iraq in September.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

[163]
.This announcement was confirmed in the autumn by Prime Minister Gordon Brown, Blair's successor, who again outlined a withdrawal plan for the remaining UK forces with a complete withdrawal date sometime in late 2008.[164] In July Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen also announced the withdrawal of 441 Danish troops from Iraq, leaving only a unit of nine soldiers manning four observational helicopters.^ Only 75 psychiatrists remained in Iraq .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ The new Socialist prime minister of Spain ordered the withdrawal of Spanish troops from Iraq .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ British troops have ended six years of combat operations in Iraq, Prime Minister Gordon Brown announced Thursday.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

[165]

Planned troop reduction

.In a speech made to Congress on September 10, 2007, Petraeus "envisioned the withdrawal of roughly 30,000 U.S. troops by next summer, beginning with a Marine contingent [in September]."^ April 30, 2007 10:00 AM ∞ .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ May 30, 2007 10:06 AM ∞ .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ April 30, 2007 10:37 AM ∞ .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[166] .On September 14, Bush backed a limited withdrawal of troops from Iraq.^ Comments (5) Out of Iraq: Bush speaks of troop withdrawals .

^ Italy announced that it would start withdrawing its troops from Iraq in September.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Warner calls on President Bush to begin Iraq withdrawal in September.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

[167]
Bush said 5,700 personnel would be home by Christmas 2007, and expected thousands more to return by July 2008. The plan would take troop numbers back to their level before the surge at the beginning of 2007. Controversy arose when former Secretary of State Colin Powell announced before the surge took place that there would have to be a draw down of troops by mid-2007.[168]

Effects of the surge on security

U.S. soldiers take cover during a firefight with insurgents in the Al Doura section of Baghdad March 7, 2007
.By March 2008, violence in Iraq was reported curtailed by 40-80%, according to a Pentagon report.^ Posted March 24, 2008 7:40 AM .

^ MARCH 1, 2008: Iraq violence jumps in February.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Comments (8) The Pentagon's sober Iraq report .

[169] .Independent reports[170][171] raised questions about those assessments.^ That is, those who commented on the issue of ethnicity in the reports about issues related to Iraq, appeared as divided as those who commented on the ethnicity problem in the group of articles about views from journalists and intellectuals.
  • The Online Public Sphere in the Arab World: The War in Iraq on the Al Arabiya Website 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ This immediately raises a few important questions: Why did the Monitor report the libel against Galloway BEFORE testing the papers' authenticity?

^ But the uncertain outcome of the operation—in which U.S. and British forces assisted— has raised questions about the effectiveness of the fledgling Iraqi security forces.

.An Iraqi military spokesman claimed that civilian deaths since the start of the troop surge plan were 265 in Baghdad, down from 1,440 in the four previous weeks.^ Comments (35) Iraqi troops not surging as planned .

^ Continue reading "Iraqi troops not surging as planned" » .

^ The figures include four military civilians.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

.The New York Times counted more than 450 Iraqi civilians killed during the same 28-day period, based on initial daily reports from Iraqi Interior Ministry and hospital officials.^ New York Times: click here .
  • ZORIAH - A PHOTOJOURNALIST AND WAR PHOTOGRAPHER'S BLOG: Suicide Bombing in Anbar - Eye Witness Account - Iraq War Photographer Diary - Graphic Images 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.zoriah.net [Source type: General]

^ The New York Times , 28 November 2006.
  • Regional Repercussions of Iraq War - War Report 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: News]

^ A new report by the New York-based group, entitled 'Off Target', examines the circumstances in which civilians were killed.

.Historically, the daily counts tallied by the NYT have underestimated the total death toll by 50% or more when compared to studies by the United Nations, which rely upon figures from the Iraqi Health Ministry and morgue figures.^ Total Iraqi noncombatant death toll 4.
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We all figured the Lancet Iraq Death toll study was bogus.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This makes plausible a total death toll of 800 or more.
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[172]
.The rate of US combat deaths in Baghdad nearly doubled to 3.14/day in the first seven weeks of the "surge" in security activity, compared to previous period.^ Day of mixed emotions in Baghdad: Elation for U.S., but anger for Iraqis U.S. commanders in Iraq began the new year Friday by trumpeting a milestone — their first month without a combat death since the start of the war — and by sending a clear signal that their focus in 2010 will be on getting out of the country that American forces invaded nearly seven years ago.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Reported combatant deaths in Baghdad  (based on field observations, corrected for inflation)  .
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "The Baghdad security plan is still in its early stages and success will take months, not days or weeks," Bush said in an eight-minute statement from the White House's Roosevelt Room, which broke into regular programming on US television networks and was also carried by cable news channels.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

Across the rest of Iraq it reduced slightly.[173][174]
.
An Iraqi woman looks on as U.S. soldiers search the courtyard of her house in Ameriyah, Iraq.
^ In Britain the wives of soldiers serving in Iraq were receiving strange phone calls from Iraqi militants.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ June 27, 2007 Poll: Support for Iraq war reaches new low Posted: June 27th, 2007 09:15 AM ET U.S soldiers search a house during a patrol in southern Baghdad.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Poll: Support for Iraq war reaches new low « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The few Iraqis I have talked to, support the coalition effort in rebuilding Iraq, but look forward to the day when they can take over and run their country on their own.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom | Rough Book 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC vivin.net [Source type: General]

Searching houses for weapons is a common counter-insurgency technique used in Iraq.
.On August 14, 2007 the deadliest single attack of the whole war occurred.^ August 14, 2007 5:18 PM ∞ .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ August 14, 2007 10:33 AM ∞ .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ August 14, 2007 11:14 PM ∞ .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nearly 800 civilians were killed by a series of coordinated suicide bomb attacks on the northern Iraqi settlement of Qahtaniya.^ Suicide Attack Kills at Least 15 .
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Bomb Attacks Kill at Least 41.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ A series of car bombs killed people in several Iraqi cities.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

.More than 100 homes and shops were destroyed in the blasts.^ For more than half a decade, HMLA-269 has made Iraq a second home,” said Lt. Col.

^ More than 100 people were killed in fighting in Iraq .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Volunteer surveyors with the US-based Campaign for Innocent Victims in Conflict (CIVIC) are investigating claims of more than 1,100 civilian casualties in the city.
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.US officials blamed al-Qaeda.^ Of course, and as a C.Y.A., American officials warned that the struggle against Al-Qaeda in Iraq and other insurgents was not over in the western region, the scene of some of the bloodiest battles in Iraq since the 2003 US-led invasion.
  • The Democratic Party | PartyBuilder | Posts with the tag Iraq War 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC my.democrats.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Saudis, in turn, have joined Arabs fighting in the ranks of al Qaeda in Iraq since the 2003 US-led invasion.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ US and Iraqi forces fighting their way through the restive Iraqi town of Baquba have discovered what appears to be an al-Qaeda-run "execution house".
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.The targeted villagers belonged to the non-Muslim Yazidi ethnic minority.^ Put differently, when Sunni terrorists target Shiites and vice-versa, non-Muslims are less likely to be hurt.
  • Civil War in Iraq? :: Daniel Pipes 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "When Sunni terrorists target Shiites and vice-versa, non-Muslims are less likely to be hurt."
  • Civil War in Iraq? :: Daniel Pipes 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The attack may have represented the latest in a feud that erupted earlier that year when members of the Yazidi community stoned to death a teenage girl called Du’a Khalil Aswad accused of dating a Sunni Arab man and converting to Islam.^ For instance, the Sunni Arab so-called resistance groups use Salafi jihadist ideology for their own purposes.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Basra, Iraq , a 17-year-old girl, Rand Abdel-Qader, was stomped, suffocated, and stabbed to death by her father, who accused her of having an affair with a British soldier.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Indeed, major elements of the Sunni Arab insurgency seek to regain power—as individuals, as members of the former regime, or as a community.
  • Site - Main - Reference Library 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC smallwarsjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The killing of the girl was recorded on camera-mobiles and the video was uploaded onto the internet[175][176][177][178]
.On September 13, 2007 Abdul Sattar Abu Risha was killed in a bomb attack in the city of Ramadi.^ September 13, 2007 .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]
  • 'Aqoul: Iraq War Archives 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.aqoul.com [Source type: General]

^ Bomb Attacks Kill at Least 41.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Posted September 13, 2007 6:45 AM .

[179] .He was an important US ally because he led the "Anbar Awakening", an alliance of Sunni Arab tribes that opposed al-Qaeda.^ Militants from Sunni Arab al Qaeda and local Sunni tribes are also engaged in a bitter power struggle in Anbar.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We made room for Al-Qaeda only to have them turn on us in Anbar."
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Of course, and as a C.Y.A., American officials warned that the struggle against Al-Qaeda in Iraq and other insurgents was not over in the western region, the scene of some of the bloodiest battles in Iraq since the 2003 US-led invasion.
  • The Democratic Party | PartyBuilder | Posts with the tag Iraq War 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC my.democrats.org [Source type: Original source]

.The latter organisation claimed responsibility for the attack.^ The group has claimed responsibility for attacks on U.S. forces, including the downing of two helicopters in 2004, but appears to steer clear of sectarian violence.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Islamic State of Iraq, the insurgent umbrella group that includes al Qaeda in Iraq, claimed responsibility for the attack in a posting on an Islamist Web site.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Taliban commander Mullah Bacha Akhund claimed responsibility of the attack.

[180] A statement posted on the Internet by the shadowy Islamic State of Iraq called Abu Risha "one of the dogs of Bush" and described Thursday's killing as a "heroic operation that took over a month to prepare".[181]
.
US Fatalities in Iraq by month.
^ Five Britons kidnapped in Baghdad last month are being held by a militant group armed, trained and funded by Iran, the US commander in Iraq has claimed.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Talabani's statement coincided with an announcement by the US defence secretary that troop rotations in Iraq would be extended by three months.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Bush: Too early to leave Iraq US President says his new plan to pacify violence-torn Iraq will take months to show results.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

The decline in deaths following the surge has been highlighted in red.
.There was a reported trend of decreasing US troop deaths after May 2007,[182] and violence against coalition troops had fallen to the "lowest levels since the first year of the American invasion".[183] These, and several other positive developments, were attributed to the surge by many analysts.^ "Violence is down from its lowest level since the spring of 2004.''

^ "The first moment that there will be any discussions about troop levels will be after Gen.

^ Other recent positive developments: .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[184]
.Data from the Pentagon and other US agencies such as the Government Accountability Office (GAO) found that daily attacks against civilians in Iraq remained “about the same” since February.^ SEPTEMBER 4, 2007: GAO Report: Daily attacks against Iraqis ‘have remained unchanged’ from February to July 2007.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Iraq has no such prerequisite with us.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But Iraq did not attack us on 9/11.
  • The Becker-Posner Blog: Response to Comments on Preventive War--Posner 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC www.becker-posner-blog.com [Source type: Original source]

.The GAO also stated that there was no discernible trend in sectarian violence.^ There is also a decline in sectarian violence.''

^ No one knows with any precision the sectarian composition of today's Baghdad, but there are estimates that the Sunnis may now account for 15 percent of the city's population.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The U.S. State Department, for example, makes no distinction between the Kurdish north and the rest of Iraq and "continues to strongly warn" against travel there.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[185] .However, this report ran counter to reports to Congress, which showed a general downward trend in civilian deaths and ethno-sectarian violence since December 2006.[186] By late 2007, as the U.S. troop surge began to wind down, violence in Iraq had begun to decrease from its 2006 highs.^ War in Iraq & Afghanistan Reports and comments since July, 2007 .

^ Insurgent violence has increased month over month since the "surge" began.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Poll: Support for Iraq war reaches new low « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Effects of the change in the sectarian balance of power; Anti-Shi'a violence as a constituent part of the ideology of Sunni militancy; Effect beyond Iraq's borders from Lebanon to Pakistan.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[187]
.Reports from the ground dispute that the surge had a significant effect on security in Iraq.^ None of contracts were with American nor major British companies, and none could take effect while the U.N. Security Council sanctions against Iraq remained in place.
  • Did Big Oil Win the War in Iraq? | World | AlterNet 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ Iraq's agriculture bounces back After decades of strain, the Ministry of Agriculture in the Ninewa Province reported a significant increase in the wheat crop yield for 2006.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since Ambassador Crocker and I appeared before you seven months ago, there has been significant but uneven security progress in Iraq.

.While life in Baghdad improved in 2007-08, the main reason this was that the battle for Baghdad in 2006-07 between the Shia and the Sunni populations was won by the Shia, who as of September 2008 controlled three-quarters of the capital.^ September 07, 2006 .
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Theater Of Operation - California's War Dead - Los Angeles Times 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC projects.latimes.com [Source type: Academic]

^ August 08, 2007 BAGHDAD - If Gen.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Much of the population of our great nation are descendants of the lost 10 tribes of Israel, and the reason why we are a Christian based nation who accept Jesus.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.These demographic changes appeared permanent; Sunni families who try to get their houses back faced assassination.^ That would be a change for Democrats, who have tried to attach strings to war spending, but have said that they would not try to end the war by cutting off funding for the troops.

^ I love my husband, but my family has forced me to divorce him,” said Hiba Sami, a Shiite woman who was married to a Sunni man for 18 years.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ I was off sick for awhile and when I returned, I was disenchanted with what appeared to be a permanent change, and the obvious loss of the contributors that made this an interesting place to spend time.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Thus the war against the US occupation by the Sunni community, who had been favored under Saddam Hussein, had largely ended.^ Tony Blair is under increasing pressure to apologize for misrepresenting intelligence about Saddam Hussein's weapons, but the British prime minister continued to hold his ground against attacks from his political opposition.

^ If you're going to vote based upon this war, then you should at least do us all a favor and be as informed about it as possible.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those of us who advocate for peace, who saw this war as not only a mistake but an immoral act are also in a spot.

.The Sunni have been largely defeated, according to The Independent, not so much by the US army as by the Shia-led Iraqi government and the Shia militias.^ Iraqi government, according to freshman Rep.

^ He defeated the Iraqi army in 1991.

^ Iran's Role in Iraq U.S. trained & equipped Shia militias, while Iran agents carried out systematic assassinations of intellectuals, professionals, & 90 military officers and pilots involved in Iran-Iraq war while US suppressing mainly Sunni resistance .
  • Americans Against World Empire, Americans Against Bombing 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC iraqwar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[188]
.Entire neighborhoods in Baghdad were ethnically cleansed by Shia and Sunni militias and sectarian violence has broken out in every Iraqi city where there is a mixed population.^ Sectarian violence has sharply decreased in Baghdad.

^ There is also a decline in sectarian violence.''

^ Iran's Role in Iraq U.S. trained & equipped Shia militias, while Iran agents carried out systematic assassinations of intellectuals, professionals, & 90 military officers and pilots involved in Iran-Iraq war while US suppressing mainly Sunni resistance .
  • Americans Against World Empire, Americans Against Bombing 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC iraqwar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[189][190][191] .This assessment is supported by a study of satellite imagery tracking the amount of light emitted by Baghdad neighborhoods at night.^ Assessment: The Government of Iraq has made satisfactory progress toward providing three trained and ready Iraqi brigades to support Baghdad operations… .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Is it unreasonable to believe that there are top secret assessments which are hidden far from the light of the media which would support the President?
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Assessment: The Government of Iraq has made satisfactory progress toward establishing supporting political, media, economic, and services committees in support of the Baghdad Security Plan… .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.The interpretation of the data was that violence had declined in Baghdad due to ethnic cleansing and that inter-communal violence had reached a climax as the surge was beginning.^ Data released at a news conference in Baghdad showed that attacks had declined to the lowest level since January 2006.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Five months after President Bush ordered an increase of 20,000 U.S. troops in Iraq, data suggest that sectarian violence in Baghdad has declined.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It appears the president's political base and then some are encouraged by reports out of Iraq about the decline in violence in Baghdad.

John Agnew, an authority on ethnic conflict and leader of the project stated "The surge really seems to have been a case of closing the stable door after the horse has bolted."[192][193]
.Investigative reporter Bob Woodward cites US government sources according to which the US "surge" was not the primary reason for the drop in violence in 2007-2008. Instead, according to that view, the reduction of violence was due to newer covert techniques by US military and intelligence officials to find, target and kill insurgents, including working closely with former insurgents.^ BAGHDAD - In escalation of violence in Iraq U.S. soldiers have died since Friday, including seven soldiers killed Saturday by insurgent bombing attacks, military officials said yesterday.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The report essentially tells us what we already knew, that the coalition's military surge has worked to significantly drive down violence from al Qaeda, Sunni insurgents and Shi'a significantly, but that the traction Iraqi politics and governance were supposed to gain through the efforts of the U.S. and Iraqi militaries to provide a protective shield hasn't yet happened.

^ Why aren't they interviewing current and former US military intelligence officials about these reports from the highest levels of British government?

[194]
.In the Shia region near Basra, British forces turned over security for the region to Iraqi Security Forces.^ Iraqi Security Forces are continuing the search.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

^ A British handbill was distributed near Basra.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Next month will see the British forces handing security responsibilities over to Iraqi forces in Basra.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Basra is the ninth province of Iraq's 18 provinces to be returned to local security forces' control since the beginning of the occupation.^ Iraq, today, is at its very worst since the invasion and the beginning occupation.

^ Iraq security forces .

^ We need the cooperation of the Iraq people with the Iraqi security forces.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[195]

Political developments

Official Iraq-benchmark of the Congress 2007
.More than half of the members of Iraq's parliament rejected the continuing occupation of their country for the first time.^ We are more welcome in Iraq than in America…” .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first Parliament in Iraq had more Jewish members than Christian members.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraq's parliament is composed of 275 members.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.144 of the 275 lawmakers signed onto a legislative petition that would require the Iraqi government to seek approval from Parliament before it requests an extension of the U.N. mandate for foreign forces to be in Iraq, which expires at the end of 2008. It also calls for a timetable for troop withdrawal and a freeze on the size of foreign forces.^ The U.S. should withdraw some troops from Iraq.

^ Italy announced that it would start withdrawing its troops from Iraq in September.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ The legislation is pending approval from parliament, it said.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.The U.N. Security Council mandate for U.S.-led forces in Iraq will terminate "if requested by the government of Iraq."^ None of contracts were with American nor major British companies, and none could take effect while the U.N. Security Council sanctions against Iraq remained in place.
  • Did Big Oil Win the War in Iraq? | World | AlterNet 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ 'The UN and the Security Council cannot, of course, remain without getting involved in what is happening in Iraq.

^ "I am glad to note that U.S.-led Allied forces in Iraq have now adopted a similar strategy to capture Saddam," said the group's chairman.
  • Iraq War Weblog, Conflict in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.wbur.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[196] .Under Iraqi law, the speaker must present a resolution called for by a majority of lawmakers.^ I am certain that at the end of the present conflict there will be occasion to charge and try some Iraqis for horrible violations of international law.
  • OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM: OPERATIONS AND RECONSTRUCTION 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ ANY Iraqi law must conform to established shari’a law.
  • Michael Yon: Iraq War Won [Dan Collins] 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC proteinwisdom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ PRESIDENT BUSH: John, any government that presumes to represent the majority of people must confront criminal elements or people who think they can live outside the law.

[197] .59% of those polled in the U.S. support a timetable for withdrawal.^ Voters appear evenly split on whether or not there should be a timetable for withdrawing U.S. troops from Iraq, according to a Washington Post and ABC News poll.

^ Nearly two-thirds of those polled want withdrawal of U.S. troops to begin - either in part or in total.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Poll: Support for Iraq war reaches new low « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A CBS poll last week showed that 57 per cent of respondents wanted a timetable for withdrawal sometime in 2008.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[198]
.In mid-2007, the Coalition began a controversial program to recruit Iraqi Sunnis (often former insurgents) for the formation of "Guardian" militias.^ Comments (6) General says U.S. not arming former Sunni militias .

^ Iran has maintained close links to Iraq's Shia political parties and militias but has previously eschewed collaboration with al-Qaida and Sunni insurgents.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Al-Qaeda faces rebellion from the ranks Sickened by the group’s barbarity, Iraqi insurgents are giving information to coalition forces July 23, 2007 Deborah Haynes in Doura .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.These Guardian militias are intended to support and secure various Sunni neighborhoods against the Islamists.^ Other bombings struck Shiite targets in Hillah and a Baghdad neighborhood as suspected Sunni insurgents continued to defy the security crackdown.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These are intended to be barriers against suicide bombers to safeguard people," US Middle East commander Admiral William Fallon said.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As part of the turnaround, Sunni tribes have fielded what Phillips calls "neighborhood watches" - armed bodies of men tasked with defending their own communities against infiltrators.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[199]

Tensions with Iran

.In 2007, tensions increased greatly between Iran and Iraqi Kurdistan due to the latter's giving sanctuary to the militant Kurdish secessionist group Party for a Free Life in Kurdistan (PEJAK.) According to reports, Iran had been shelling PEJAK positions in Iraqi Kurdistan since August 16. These tensions further increased with an alleged border incursion on August 23 by Iranian troops who attacked several Kurdish villages killing an unknown number of civilians and militants.^ August 16, 2007 2:45 PM ∞ .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ AUGUST 23, 2007: Sen.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ AUGUST 11, 2007: Roadside bomb kills Iraqi governor.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

[200]
.Coalition forces also began to target alleged Iranian Quds force operatives in Iraq, either arresting or killing suspected members.^ In a statement, U.S. military officials also said coalition forces have captured a suspected terrorist with close ties to an Iranian Revolutionary Guards unit - the Quds Force.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Also Friday, Coalition Forces targeted an al-Qaeda in Iraq commander allegedly involved in IED attacks against Iraqi and Coalition Forces southwest of Baghdad Friday morning.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ BAGHDAD – Iraqi Forces detained 15 suspected insurgents without incident during three operations in central Iraq May 26, 27 and 28.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Bush administration and coalition leaders began to publicly state that Iran was supplying weapons, particularly EFP devices, to Iraqi insurgents and militias although to date have failed to provide any proof for these allegations.^ Something the Bush administration has failed to do.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Do you think the Bush Administration deliberately misled the American public about whether Iraq had weapons of mass destruction, or not?"

^ I think the Bush Administration has bent over backwards explaining that the groups they have negotiated with and armed are groups which have not offended against the US/Coalition or Iraqi troops, just as they have (with dedication in the face of terrible cost) sought to stick by their policy of not negotiating with terrorists.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Further sanctions on Iranian organizations were also announced by the Bush administration in the Autumn of 2007. On November 21, 2007 Lieutenant General James Dubik, who is in charge of training Iraqi security forces, praised Iran for its "contribution to the reduction of violence" in Iraq by upholding its pledge to stop the flow of weapons, explosives and training of extremists in Iraq.^ We need the cooperation of the Iraq people with the Iraqi security forces.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraqi security forces promptly raided them.Welcome to the new Iraq.

^ Bush says gradual progress in Iraq despite violence 3/6/2007 .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[201]

Tensions with Turkey

.Border incursions by PKK militants based in Iraqi Kurdistan have continued to harass Turkish forces, with casualties on both sides increasing tensions between Turkey, a NATO member, and Iraqi Kurdistan.^ Iraqi Security Forces are continuing the search.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

^ Despite these improvements, leadership remains a major failing for Iraqi forces - both at the national level and at the level of non-commissioned officers on the battlefield.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The raid was a product of coordination and cooperation between the Patriot Battalion and members of the 2nd Battalion, 5th Brigade, 6th Iraqi Army and the Yarmouk Iraqi Police.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the fall of 2007, the Turkish military stated their right to cross the Iraqi Kurdistan border in "hot pursuit" of PKK militants and began shelling Kurdish areas in Iraq and attacking PKK bases in the Mount Cudi region with aircraft.^ Regional states would not – I guess that’s right.
  • DefenseLink News Transcript: Secretary of Defense Interview with Bob Woodward - 23 Oct, 2003 20 November 2009 22:35 UTC www.defenselink.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ The PKK uses northern Iraq as a base from which to launch attacks on the Turkish military.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ This Law of the Kurdistan Region is the embodiment of that right.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[202][203] .The Turkish parliament approved a resolution permitting the military to pursue the PKK in Iraqi Kurdistan.^ The PKK uses northern Iraq as a base from which to launch attacks on the Turkish military.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Turkey's parliament voted to allow the U.S. military two zones to fly bombing missions over Turkish airspace.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At a news conference in London today, Erdogan said that he was prepared to halt exports into Iraq and was prepared to launch a military strike into Iraqi Kurdistan.

[204] .In November, Turkish gunships attacked parts of northern Iraq in the first such attack by Turkish aircraft since the border tensions escalated.^ Aircraft attacked Iraq 's northern oil capitol of Kirkuk .
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aircraft attacked Iraq's northern oil capitol of Kirkuk.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Effects of the change in the sectarian balance of power; Anti-Shi'a violence as a constituent part of the ideology of Sunni militancy; Effect beyond Iraq's borders from Lebanon to Pakistan.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[205] .Another series of attacks in mid-December hit PKK targets in the Qandil, Zap, Avashin and Hakurk regions.^ Another slightly troubling detail is that they seem to have an interest in attacking US targets too.
  • BBC - The Editors: Controversy and conspiracies II 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The bombing comes a week after attacks targeting police killed eight people in the town of Hit in the same province.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ The quality of the target and the timing of the attack were chosen in a way that can possibly bring very serious consequences over the country.
  • 'Aqoul: Iraq War Archives 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.aqoul.com [Source type: General]

.The latest series of attacks involved at least 50 aircraft and artillery and Kurdish officials reported one civilian killed and two wounded.^ Suicide Attack Kills at Least 15 .
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ The number of Iraqi civilians wounded or killed by U.S. forces was not mentioned in the report.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Bomb Attacks Kill at Least 41.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

[206]
.Additionally, weapons that were given to Iraqi security forces by the US military are being recovered by authorities in Turkey after being used in that state.^ A tip from a local resident, given to Iraqi Security Forces Nov.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

^ The Iraqi military are fighting side by side with us.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraqi Security Forces are continuing the search.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

[207]

Private security firm controversy

.On September 17, 2007, the Iraqi government announced that it was revoking the license of the US security firm Blackwater USA over the firm's involvement in the killing of eight civilians, including a woman and an infant,[208] in a firefight that followed a car bomb explosion near a State Department motorcade.^ Where is the government?” yelled a woman in Mashtal, after multiple bombs killed 11 civilians.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ In September, guards employed by the security firm Blackwater USA killed 17 Iraqi civilians and provoked cries of outrage in Iraq and in Washington.

^ AUGUST 11, 2007: Roadside bomb kills Iraqi governor.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

.Additional investigations of alleged arms smuggling involving the firm was also under way.^ Senior Military Investigator Found Dead in Iraq - A senior British military police officer in Iraq involved in the investigation of alleged abuse of Iraqi civilians by soldiers has been found dead at a camp in Basra...

^ Part-way through this report youll find extensive discussion of Blackwater, which is one of the major private firms involved in Iraq.

.Blackwater is currently one of the most high-profile firms operating in Iraq, with around 1,000 employees as well as a fleet of helicopters in the country.^ He is currently one of the most powerful men in the country for his followers.

^ It is one of the most high-profile security firms in Iraq, with its fleet of "Little Bird" helicopters and armed door gunners swarming Baghdad and beyond.

^ Operation Iraqi Freedom likely will be remembered as one of the most successful military engagements in U.S. history.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Whether the group may be legally prosecuted is still a matter of debate.[209]

2008: Iraqi forces arm

.Throughout 2008, U.S. officials and independent think tanks began to point to improvements in the security situation, as measured by key statistics.^ The security measures at the check points will be stricter.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Snow acknowledged that U.S. officials have heard similar positive statements from Iraqi leaders before, but said: "We think they are very serious in moving on the key items.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Trade officials stressed that the current security situation and political instability in Iraq means it is premature to talk about any timetable for accession.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.According to the US Defense Department, in December 2008 the "overall level of violence" in the country had dropped 80% since before the surge began in January 2007, and the country's murder rate had dropped to pre-war levels.^ Insurgent violence has increased month over month since the "surge" began.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Poll: Support for Iraq war reaches new low « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The 2007 budget year began January 1, 2007, and ends December 31, 2007.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That's the wrong measurement, according to Pace since Iraqi insurgents have a "vote" as he put it, in what the levels of violence will be there.

They also pointed out that the casualty figure for U.S. forces in 2008 was 314 against a figure of 904 in 2007.[210]
According to the Brookings Institution, Iraqi civilian fatalities numbered 490 in November 2008 as against 3,500 in January 2007, whereas attacks against the coalition numbered somewhere between 200 and 300 per week in the latter half of 2008, as opposed to a peak of nearly 1,600 in summer 2007. The number of Iraqi security forces killed was under 100 per month in the second half of 2008, from a high of 200 to 300 in summer 2007.[211]
.Meanwhile, the proficiency of the Iraqi military increased as it launched a spring offensive against Shia militias which Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki had previously been criticized for allowing to operate.^ The United States launched Operation Swarmer against the Iraqi insurgency.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Then Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki called that a good timetable.

^ Maliki is prime minister of Iraq.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.This began with a March operation against the Mehdi Army in Basra, which led to fighting in Shia areas up and down the country, especially in the Sadr City district of Baghdad.^ The Mehdi Army, more precisely the underclass of Sadr City, had won the fight for Baghdad.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sadr City, a Mahdi Army stronghold.

^ Its game over for offensive operations against that country.
  • The Becker-Posner Blog: Response to Comments on Preventive War--Posner 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC www.becker-posner-blog.com [Source type: Original source]

.By October, the British officer in charge of Basra said that since the operation the town had become "secure" and had a murder rate comparable to Manchester in England.^ The fifth series of Kuwaiti banknotes has been in use since 3 April 1994 and include high-tech security measures which have now become standard for banknotes.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The following two handouts were prepared by the British 15 (UK) PSYOP Group as part of their government building and consolidation operations in and around Basra in 2004.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Senior Military Investigator Found Dead in Iraq - A senior British military police officer in Iraq involved in the investigation of alleged abuse of Iraqi civilians by soldiers has been found dead at a camp in Basra...

[212] .The U.S. military also said there had been a decrease of about a quarter in the quantity of Iranian-made explosives found in Iraq in 2008, possibly indicating a change in Iranian policy.^ As of the end of April 2004, about $58 billion in grants, loans, assets, and revenues from various sources had been made available or pledged to the relief and reconstruction of Iraq.
  • Site - Main - Reference Library 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC smallwarsjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A poll of 3,400 active and retired U.S. military officers by Foreign Policy magazine found that 88 percent agreed with the statement that "The war in Iraq has stretched the U.S. military dangerously thin."

^ We are understanding more about these sacrifices you have made in the past and continue to make presently in Afghanistan and Iraq these last five years...
  • Operation Iraq: The Spirit of Christmas 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC operationiraq.org [Source type: General]

[213]
.Progress in Sunni areas continued after members of the Awakening movement were transferred from U.S. military to Iraqi control.^ The U.S. military and Iraqi Ministry of Defense continue to raise troops and are in the process of an intensive training Program.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The US military is arming Sunni groups to secure their own areas .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Asked if Iraqis will be able to move fairly soon to take control of areas now being cleared out, Pittard said, "We've really got to be careful."
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[214] .In May, the Iraqi army - backed by coalition support - launched an offensive in Mosul, the last major Iraqi stronghold of al-Qaeda.^ Iraqi group 'splits' from al-Qaeda .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraqi army kills Al-Qaeda leader in Baghdad .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Operation Steel Hammer, intended to end Al Qaeda operations in Hit, west of Baghdad , was launched with a force of 1,500 U.S. Marines , 500 U.S. Army soldiers, and 500 Iraqi soldiers.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

.Despite detaining thousands of individuals, the offensive failed to lead to major long-term security improvements in Mosul.^ Despite these improvements, leadership remains a major failing for Iraqi forces - both at the national level and at the level of non-commissioned officers on the battlefield.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Consistently, the emphasis on meeting short-term security needs at the expense of building long-term security institutions led to failures.
  • Site - Main - Reference Library 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC smallwarsjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The weekend violence came after a relative lull in the major bombings that have plagued Baghdad and other parts of Iraq most of this year, despite a major U.S. and Iraqi security offensive designed to tame the capital and nearby Diyala province.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.At the end of the year, the city remained a major flashpoint.^ We envisage the U.S. troop presence by year’s end to be under 100,000, with most of the remaining troops to return home by the end of 2007.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ The constitution called for a referendum on disputed northern territories by the end of next year, including the oil-rich city of Kirkuk.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All of the remaining U.S. troops would be withdrawn by the end of next year.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[215][216]
3D Map of Southern Turkey and Northern Iraq
.In the regional dimension, the ongoing conflict between Turkey and PKK[217][218][219] intensified on February 21, when Turkey launched a ground attack into the Quandeel Mountains of Northern Iraq.^ The PKK uses northern Iraq as a base from which to launch attacks on the Turkish military.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ FEBRUARY 22, 2008: Turkey launches ground operation in Iraq , renewing what has been an intensified campaign against Kurdish rebels based there.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Qaeda in Iraq to launch operations from Iraq, while also plunging the country into sectarian killings "on a horrific scale" and allowing a hostile Iran to have greater influence in the region.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the nine day long operation, around 10,000 Turkish troops advanced up to 25 km into Northern Iraq.^ Today the US has around 130,000 troops in Iraq!!!
  • lies.com » US Deaths in Vietnam and Iraq by Month 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.lies.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Speed up the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq .
  • Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.gallup.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The last big Turkish operation occurred 10 years ago, when 40,000 troops pushed deep into Iraq.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

This was the first substantial ground incursion by Turkish forces since 1995.[220][221]
.Shortly after the incursion began, both the Iraqi cabinet and the Kurdistan regional government condemned Turkey's actions and called for the immediate withdrawal of Turkish troops from the region.^ Other Democratic candidates have also called for the immediate start of a troop withdrawal.

^ He goes further to say its proposal that the U.S. withdraw its troops out of the country if the Iraqi government doesn't get its act together is irresponsible.

^ You cannot hold a position that calls for simply withdrawing troops if you do not have a PLAN for dealing with potential chaos, and ALLOW for reinsertion of troops to avoid these horrible effects.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Poll: Support for Iraq war reaches new low « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

[222] .Turkish troops withdrew on February 29.[223] The fate of the Kurds and the future of the ethnically-diverse city of Kirkuk remained a contentious issue in Iraqi politics.^ SEPTEMBER 4, 2007: GAO Report: Daily attacks against Iraqis ‘have remained unchanged’ from February to July 2007.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ The Kurds are not in a position to be an independent state at this moment , and if they are pressing that issue they are heading right into both the US and the Iraqi Governments counter intention.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It claims to have transformed into a purely political organization, but most Iraqi Sunnis remain unconvinced.
  • 'Aqoul: Iraq War Archives 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.aqoul.com [Source type: General]

U.S. military officials met these trends with cautious optimism as they approached what they described as the "transition" embodied in the U.S.-Iraq Status of Forces Agreement which was negotiated throughout 2008.[210] The commander of the coalition, U.S. General Raymond T. Odierno, noted that "in military terms, transitions are the most dangerous time" in December 2008.[210]

Spring offensives on Shia militias

.At the end of March, the Iraqi Army, with Coalition air support, launched an offensive, dubbed "Charge of the Knights", in Basra to secure the area from militias.^ Operation Steel Hammer, intended to end Al Qaeda operations in Hit, west of Baghdad , was launched with a force of 1,500 U.S. Marines , 500 U.S. Army soldiers, and 500 Iraqi soldiers.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ "The most important question is not whether there'll be trouble in Basra but whether Iraqi security forces can handle it.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The few Iraqis I have talked to, support the coalition effort in rebuilding Iraq, but look forward to the day when they can take over and run their country on their own.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom | Rough Book 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC vivin.net [Source type: General]

.This was the first major operation where the Iraqi Army did not have direct combat support from conventional coalition ground troops.^ Major combat operations in Iraq have ended.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The soldier was supporting Operation Iraqi Freedom.
  • U.S. Military Deaths in War With Iraq -- 2005 - ABC News 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC abcnews.go.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The Pentagon announced that the major combat phase of Operation Iraqi Freedom is over.
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The offensive was opposed by the Mahdi Army, one of the militias, which controlled much of the region.^ People are saying it's Sadr's militia, the Mahdi army, behind the killings.

^ At issue is how much control the federal government has over exploration, development and production of oil versus the regions or governorates.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One contract with the Kurdish Regional Government would give foreign companies a 40 percent cut of profits, said Mahdi.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[224][225] .Fighting quickly spread to other parts of Iraq: including Sadr City, Al Kut, Al Hillah and others.^ Saudis, in turn, have joined Arabs fighting in the ranks of al Qaeda in Iraq since the 2003 US-led invasion.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ U.S. and Iraqi forces recently struck an alliance with Sunni insurgent groups and tribal leaders opposed to al-Qaida in Iraq as part of that effort.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The source also said Al Sadr was bringing in followers into Najaf from Sadr City in Baghdad and that many members of his outlawed militia, Mehdi's Army, were from surrounding provinces."

.During the fighting Iraqi forces met stiff resistance from militiamen in Basra to the point that the Iraqi military offensive slowed to a crawl, with the high attrition rates finally forcing the Sadrists to the negotiating table.^ The Iraqi military are fighting side by side with us.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The available direct evidence -- mostly from journalists' interviews and surveys of battlefields, hospitals, and cemeteries -- is contradictory at first glance, pointing variously to attrition rates both high and low.
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The US military intelligence and the CIA failed to uncover the true potential of the Iraqi forces and, in essence, misinformed the top military and civilian leadership of the coalition member countries."

Following talks with Brig. Gen. .Qassem Suleimani, commander of the Qods brigades of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps, and the intercession of the Iranian government, on March 31, 2008, al-Sadr ordered his followers to ceasefire.^ MARCH 31, 2008.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ March 31, 2008 .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ In a statement, U.S. military officials also said coalition forces have captured a suspected terrorist with close ties to an Iranian Revolutionary Guards unit - the Quds Force.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[226] The militiamen kept their weapons.
.By May 12, 2008, Basra "residents overwhelmingly reported a substantial improvement in their everyday lives" according to The New York Times.^ New York Times: click here .
  • ZORIAH - A PHOTOJOURNALIST AND WAR PHOTOGRAPHER'S BLOG: Suicide Bombing in Anbar - Eye Witness Account - Iraq War Photographer Diary - Graphic Images 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.zoriah.net [Source type: General]

^ MAY 12, 2008.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ May 12, 2008 .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

"Government forces have now taken over Islamic militants’ headquarters and halted the death squads and 'vice enforcers’ who attacked women, Christians, musicians, alcohol sellers and anyone suspected of collaborating with Westerners", according to the report; however, when asked how long it would take for lawlessness to resume if the Iraqi army left, one resident replied, "one day".[225]
.In late April roadside bombings continued to rise from a low in January of 114 to over 250, surpassing the May 2007 high.^ MAY 19, 2007: Death toll for Iraq contractors reaches new high.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Killed when a roadside bomb struck a British military convoy traveling south of Amarah, Iraq, in the early hours of May 29, 2005 .
  • Forces: U.S. & Coalition/Casualties - Special Reports from CNN.com 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ One of three soldiers killed when a roadside bomb detonated near their vehicle in Iskandariya, Iraq, on May 17, 2007 .
  • Forces: U.S. & Coalition/Casualties - Special Reports from CNN.com 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

Congressional testimony

General David Petraeus in testimony before Congress
.Speaking before the U.S. Congress on April 8, 2008, General David Petraeus urged delaying troop withdrawals, saying, "I’ve repeatedly noted that we haven’t turned any corners, we haven’t seen any lights at the end of the tunnel," referencing the comments of then President Bush and former Vietnam-era General William Westmoreland.^ Comments (6) General says U.S. not arming former Sunni militias .

^ Note the checks and balances President Bush says he will have in place..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Comments (5) Out of Iraq: Bush speaks of troop withdrawals .

[227] .When asked by the Senate if reasonable people could disagree on the way forward, Petraeus said, "We fight for the right of people to have other opinions."^ If your pictures could be more widely viewed, their power would change many people's opinion of our presence in Iraq.
  • ZORIAH - A PHOTOJOURNALIST AND WAR PHOTOGRAPHER'S BLOG: Suicide Bombing in Anbar - Eye Witness Account - Iraq War Photographer Diary - Graphic Images 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.zoriah.net [Source type: General]

^ If someone out there kills a murderer out there and uses religion as the reason or said God told him to…does that make it right?
  • Palin said war in Iraq, gas pipeline are God’s will - MarketWatch 's Election Blog - MarketWatch 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC blogs.marketwatch.com [Source type: Original source]

^ President Bush, insisting that "the fight in Iraq can be won,'' said today that the withdrawal of U.S. forces which everyone wants will come when "conditions on the ground are right.''

[228]
.Upon questioning by then Senate committee chair Joe Biden, Ambassador Crocker admitted that Al-Qaeda in Iraq was less important than the Al-Qaeda organization led by Osama bin Laden along the Afghan-Pakistani border.^ The senator said that he “suspects” there are Al Qaeda elements in Iraq .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Osama bin-Laden on Sept.
  • 'Aqoul: Iraq War Archives 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.aqoul.com [Source type: General]

^ Members of al-Qaeda were "known to be in Iraq."
  • BBC - The Editors: Controversy and conspiracies II 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

[229] .Lawmakers from both parties complained that U.S. taxpayers are carrying Iraq's burden as it earns billions of dollars in oil revenues.^ Iraq: Iraq to spend 1.5 billion dollars on weapons .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The U.S. has spent billions of dollars in Iraq already.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As of the end of April 2004, about $58 billion in grants, loans, assets, and revenues from various sources had been made available or pledged to the relief and reconstruction of Iraq.
  • Site - Main - Reference Library 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC smallwarsjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Iraqi security forces rearm

.Iraq became one of the top current purchasers of U.S. military equipment with their army trading its AK-47 assault rifles for the U.S. M-16 and M-4 rifles, among other equipment.^ And the top military commander in Iraq, Gen.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The back depicts an AK-47 assault rifle with the same symbol.
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The other shows their loved one in Iraq.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

[230] .This year alone, Iraq accounts for more than $12.5 billion of the $34 billion US weapon sales to foreign countries (not including the potential F-16 fighter planes.^ More than twenty years .
  • Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.gallup.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The US has taken more than 3,000 killed in action in Iraq.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But that was more than five years ago.

)[231]
.Iraq sought 36 F-16’s, the most sophisticated weapons system Iraq has attempted to purchase.^ A group of soldiers were attempting to negotiate with a group of armed men who were congregating on a road near a Karbala, Iraq, mosque after curfew on October 16, 2003.
  • Forces: U.S. & Coalition/Casualties - Special Reports from CNN.com 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ The system was working smoothly until it broke down after the US invaded Iraq 16 years ago.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A new poll found that most Americans believe that President Bush lied or knowingly exaggerated evidence that Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

.The Pentagon notified Congress that it had approved the sale of 24 American attack helicopters to Iraq, valued at as much as $2.4 billion.^ Reply The rationale for attacking Iraq is in the text of "The Project for the New American Century" signed at the foot of it by 25 people and carried into policy by some of the same.
  • What Are The Major Arguments For The War In Iraq? - Winds of Change.NET 23 September 2009 3:55 UTC www.windsofchange.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Posted March 27, 2008 11:53 AM Smoke rises after a mortar attack as U.S helicopters fly on March 27, 2008 at the Green Zone area in Baghdad, Iraq.

^ Iraq's contribution has been minimal with the government spending less than 3 percent of the $4.5 billion it approved for oil reconstruction projects in 2006.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Including the helicopters, Iraq announced plans to purchase at least $10 billion in U.S. tanks and armored vehicles, transport planes and other battlefield equipment and services.^ Outside the city, hundreds of US and Iraqi troops in tanks, trucks and other vehicles waited for the order to launch the operation, code-named "Vigilant Resolve."
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For FY2007, obligations are about $10 billion in Iraq, $1.9 billion in Afghanistan, and less than $100 million for enhanced security.

^ A car bombing near a police academy in Iraq’s northern city of Kirkuk left at least 10 people dead and injured 22 others.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

.Over the summer, the Defense Department announced that the Iraqi government wanted to order more than 400 armored vehicles and other equipment worth up to $3 billion, and six C-130J transport planes, worth up to $1.5 billion.^ What this blog is about: In 2003 which was more than six years ago.

^ Six Iraqi scientists working at Baghdad research institutions said that they were ordered to destroy bacteria and equipment and hide more before visits from U.N. weapons inspectors in the months leading up to the war.
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the worst decade of Saddam's rule (1980-90), the UK sold Iraq 2.3 billion in machinery and transport equipment and 3.5 billion in trade credits, supporting the creation of a local arms industry and freeing up valuable resources for the Iraqi military.

[232][233]

Status of forces agreement

.The U.S.-Iraq Status of Forces Agreement was approved by the Iraqi government on December 4, 2008.[234] It establishes that U.S. combat forces will withdraw from Iraqi cities by June 30, 2009, and that all U.S. forces will be completely out of Iraq by December 31, 2011. The pact is subject to possible negotiations which could delay withdrawal and a referendum scheduled for mid-2009 in Iraq which may require all U.S. forces to completely leave by the middle of 2010.[235][236] The pact requires criminal charges for holding prisoners over 24 hours, and requires a warrant for searches of homes and buildings that are not related to combat.^ January 5th, 2010 Wednesday, 30 December 2009 ~ By: Pfc.

^ Iraqi government may be changing shortly..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A draft of the Iraqi constitution was completed, with a referendum scheduled for October.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

[237]
.U.S. contractors working for U.S. forces will be subject to Iraqi criminal law, while contractors working for the State Department and other U.S. agencies may retain their immunity.^ Former inmates of Iraq's Abu Ghraib prison were suing contractors in four American states for subjecting them to electrical shocks, mock executions, and forced nudity, and the Iraqi government announced that the United States had agreed to strip private security contractors of their legal immunity, though the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad refused to confirm the statement.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Iraqi security forces had largely disintegrated, and those that remained were incapable of responding to rising criminality and political violence.
  • Site - Main - Reference Library 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC smallwarsjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 5 May Coalition forces battled Iraqi Shi'ite Muslim militiamen loyal to rebel cleric Moqtada al-Sadr in the holy city of Kerbala.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If U.S. forces commit still undecided "major premeditated felonies" while off-duty and off-base, they will be subject to the still undecided procedures laid out by a joint U.S.-Iraq committee if the U.S. certifies the forces were off-duty.^ BAGHDAD (Reuters) - Members of a committee set up to reform Iraq's constitution said on Tuesday they hoped to submit recommendations to parliament next week, a major step towards meeting a political benchmark Washington has set for Baghdad.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The majority of our gift boxes left by truck to a military base from where they will be airlifted to Iraq.
  • Operation Iraq: The Spirit of Christmas 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC operationiraq.org [Source type: General]

^ Saddam scared away a lot of intelligentsia, competence and intellect from Iraq, and they ended up as refugees, political or economical, doesn't matter, they still left.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[238][239][237][240]
.Some Americans have discussed "loopholes"[241] and some Iraqis have said they believe parts of the pact remain a "mystery".[242] U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates has predicted that after 2011 he would expect to see "perhaps several tens of thousands of American troops" as part of a residual force in Iraq.^ And Defense Secretary Robert Gates has indicated he's against that.

^ "Some of those undoubtedly remain within the force," he said.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Odierno said he also sees promise in the northern part of Iraq.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[243]
.Several groups of Iraqis protested the passing of the SOFA accord[244][245][246] as prolonging and legitimizing the occupation.^ Tens of thousands of Iraqis held a nonviolent march in Baghdad to protest the American occupation.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ If you account for the wounded, I think you’ll find this 8 month Iraqi occupation is far worse than first several years of Vietnam.
  • lies.com » US Deaths in Vietnam and Iraq by Month 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.lies.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Sunni Accord Front, the largest Sunni group in the Iraqi parliament, has recently declared the end of its boycott to the parliamentary sessions.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Tens of thousands of Iraqis burned an effigy of George W. Bush in a central Baghdad square where U.S. troops five years previously organized a tearing down of a statue of Saddam Hussein.^ Q: April 9 th the day the Saddam statue came down in Baghdad.
  • DefenseLink News Transcript: Secretary of Defense Interview with Bob Woodward - 23 Oct, 2003 20 November 2009 22:35 UTC www.defenselink.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ Tens of thousands of Iraqi civilians are also dead.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Army Stage-Managed Fall of Hussein Statue - As the Iraqi regime was collapsing on April 9, 2003, Marines converged on Firdos Square in central Baghdad, site of an enormous statue of Saddam Hussein.

[129][242][247] .Some Iraqis expressed skeptical optimism that the U.S. would completely end its presence by 2011.[248] On December 4, 2008, Iraq's presidential council approved the security pact.^ If your pictures could be more widely viewed, their power would change many people's opinion of our presence in Iraq.
  • ZORIAH - A PHOTOJOURNALIST AND WAR PHOTOGRAPHER'S BLOG: Suicide Bombing in Anbar - Eye Witness Account - Iraq War Photographer Diary - Graphic Images 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.zoriah.net [Source type: General]

^ That would mean perhaps two more congressional elections and perhaps as many presidential campaigns being overshadowed by the specter of Iraq.

^ Some NCOs would swear and direct negative body language to the Iraqis.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[234]
.A representative of Grand Ayatollah Ali Husseini al-Sistani's expressed concern with the ratified version of the pact and noted that the government of Iraq has no authority to control the transfer of occupier forces into and out of Iraq, no control of shipments, and that the pact grants the occupiers immunity from prosecution in Iraqi courts.^ "Iraq is no more a centralized government.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani warned the United Nations not to endorse the interim Iraqi constitution .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ The passing of UN Resolution 1546 and the granting of sovereignty to the Interim Iraqi Government were heralded in June 2004 as marking a watershed in both international and national attitudes to Iraq.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He said that Iraqi rule in the country is not complete while the occupiers are present, but that ultimately the Iraqi people would judge the pact in a referendum.^ He said that if the country had continued its receipts in US dollars, it would have meant large losses, which would have translated into domestic inflation.
  • Revisited - The Real Reasons for the Upcoming War in Iraq: A Macroeconomic and Geostrategic Analysis of the Unspoken Truth, by William Clark, updated: Jan 2004 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.ratical.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Earlier in April, Crescent said it would work with Iraqi officials to study an oil exploration area in the country's south near the Kuwaiti border.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In my experience though, most of the Iraqi people I did meet were extremely friendly and hospitable, with a sincere desire to see their country succeed.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom | Rough Book 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC vivin.net [Source type: General]

[247] .Thousands of Iraqi have gathered weekly after Friday prayers and shouted anti-US and anti-Israeli slogans protesting the security pact between Baghdad and Washington.^ Baghdad security wall divides US and Iraqis .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraqis rally for US exit 10apr05 TENS of thousands of Shi'ites gathered in Baghdad yesterday for an anti-US protest to mark two years since the Iraqi capital fell to coalition troops The marchers chanted: "No, no USA, no, no America, no, no to the occupation."

^ Oil exports from the US, China and India will be increased within this period, which may lead to competition between these blocs to secure their oil and gas needs.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.A protester said that despite the approval of the Interim Security pact, the Iraqi people would break it in a referendum next year.^ We need the cooperation of the Iraq people with the Iraqi security forces.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Earlier in April, Crescent said it would work with Iraqi officials to study an oil exploration area in the country's south near the Kuwaiti border.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Compelling would show the hundreds of thousand MORE the next 100 years war McCain projects.
  • Video: What is this “Iraq war” charge on my bill? 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bravenewfilms.org [Source type: Original source]

[249]

2009: Coalition redeployment

Transfer of Green Zone

.On January 1, 2009, the United States handed control of the Green Zone and Saddam Hussein's presidential palace to the Iraqi government in a ceremonial move described by the country's prime minister as a restoration of Iraq's sovereignty.^ How important is it for the United States that Iraq has a stable government that is not an enemy of the U.S.?
  • Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.gallup.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A. Iraq will have a democratic government that will not be overthrown by terrorists or supporters of Saddam Hussein .
  • Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.gallup.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Britain and the United States bombed Iraq again.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

.Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki said he would propose January 1 be declared national "Sovereignty Day". "This palace is the symbol of Iraqi sovereignty and by restoring it, a real message is directed to all Iraqi people that Iraqi sovereignty has returned to its natural status," al-Maliki said.^ Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki announced that he would not be seeking a second term.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki toured a neighborhood and chatted with people, one of his advisers said.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was reinstated by the prime minister, the report said.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.The U.S. military attributed a decline in reported civilians deaths to several factors including the U.S.-led "troop surge", the growth of U.S.-funded Awakening Councils, and Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr's call for his militia to abide by a cease fire.^ FEBRUARY 21, 2008: Muqtada al- Sadr’s militia enforces cease-fire with a deadly purge.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ The mosque is run by loyalists of Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Ignoring the fact the U.S. troops have been regularly attacking and defending against Shi'ite militias & "death squads" in Baghdad etc., not just against al-Qaeda and other Sunni extremists.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Poll: Support for Iraq war reaches new low « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

[250]

Provincial elections

.On January 31, 2009, Iraq held provincial elections.^ Iraq held parliamentary elections .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ The last provincial elections were held on Jan.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Prime Minister Nouri Maliki has won a resounding victory in provincial elections across Iraq, cashing in on his strongman image.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

[251] .Provincial candidates and those close to them faced some political assassinations and attempted assassinations, and there was also some other violence related to the election.^ I was hoping there were some other examples.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those feelings are not uncommon, say other moms who have sent their sons off to Iraq, some of whom recently watched them go for a second time.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

^ Furthermore, there is some evidence that the U.S. is still active in its attempts to overthrow the democratically elected Chavez administration.
  • Revisited - The Real Reasons for the Upcoming War in Iraq: A Macroeconomic and Geostrategic Analysis of the Unspoken Truth, by William Clark, updated: Jan 2004 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.ratical.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[252][253][254][255] .Iraqi voter turnout failed to meet the original expectations which were set and was the lowest on record in Iraq,[256] but U.S. Ambassador Ryan Crocker characterized the turnout as "large".[257] Of those who turned out to vote, some groups complained of disenfranchisement and fraud.^ Approximately eight million people turned out to vote in Iraq .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Those statements turned out not to have been accurate.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At US-Iran talks last Monday, the first in almost three decades, the U.S. ambassador to Iraq, Ryan C Crocker, laid out what he later described as “solid evidence” of Iran’s role in arming the militant groups attacking American and Iraqi forces .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[256][258][259] .After the post-election curfew was lifted, some groups made threats about what would happen if they were unhappy with the results.^ They have a right to be angry about the financial crisis but they are not taking appropriate action and therefore are not going to get the results they are looking for.
  • Comment Central - Times Online - WBLG: Protest the G20 protesters here 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC timesonline.typepad.com [Source type: General]

^ "There are still some disputes between groups and they are all under discussion.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I liked Roger's recent post about tactical nuclear strikes, which minimize civilian casualties while taking out the nuclear threat Iran is posing.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[260]

Exit strategy announcement

.On February 27, 2009, United States President Barack Obama gave a speech at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune in the U.S. state of North Carolina announcing that the U.S. combat mission in Iraq would end by August 31, 2010. A "transitional force" of up to 50,000 troops tasked with training the Iraqi Security Forces, conducting counterterrorism operations, and providing general support may remain until the end of 2011, the president added.^ The United States launched Operation Swarmer against the Iraqi insurgency.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Iraq ; Iraq War, 2003- ; Physical training ; United States.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ The Bush Administration announced plans to increase U.S. forces in Iraq by 20,000 troops.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

.Obama declared that this strategy for withdrawal was in line with the American goal of "a full transition to Iraqi responsibility" for the sovereign nation of Iraq.^ For example [quote]Now the U.S. reconstruction money is running out, the last generating project is undergoing startup testing in southern Iraq, and the Americans view 2006 as a year of transition to full Iraqi responsibility, aided by a U.S. budget for "sustainability," including training and advisory services.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - Libertarianism, the Iraq War, and the Division in the Friedman Household: 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Every time we lose a soldier there, it is tragic," Martin F. Conatser, a candidate for national commander of the American Legion, said recently after visiting Iraq.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Barack Obama, who has pledged to withdraw U.S. troops from Iraq within 16 months of his election as president, today dismissed President Bush's declared "next step forward'' as too little - and attempted to connect his Republican rival, John McCain, with a misguided Bush war strategy.

He congratulated the Iraqi people and government for their "proud resilience" in not "giving into the forces of disunion", but cautioned that Iraqis would have to remain vigilant against "those...who will insist that Iraq’s differences cannot be reconciled without more killing" even after the U.S. drawdown in 2010 and withdrawal in 2011.[261]
.The day before Obama's speech, Prime Minister of Iraq Nuri al-Maliki said at a press conference that the government of Iraq had "no worries" over the impending departure of U.S. forces and expressed confidence in the ability of the Iraqi Security Forces and police to maintain order without American military support.^ We need the cooperation of the Iraq people with the Iraqi security forces.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Training the Iraqi Army and the Order of Battle Facts do not support the claim that the U.S. military has abandoned the training of the Iraqi Security Forces .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Why leave it to the security forces and police?

[262]

Sixth year anniversary protests

.On April 9, 2009, the sixth anniversary of Baghdad's fall to coalition forces, tens of thousands of Iraqis thronged Baghdad to mark the sixth anniversary of the city's fall and to demand the immediate departure of coalition forces.^ In Baghdad the coalition forces confront a city apparently determined on resistance.

^ Guns fall silent in Iraqi city .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Tens of thousands of Iraqi civilians are also dead.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.The crowds of Iraqis stretched from the giant Sadr City slum in northeast Baghdad to the square around 5 km (3 miles) away, where protesters burned an effigy featuring the face of former U.S. President George W. Bush, who ordered the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, and also the face of Saddam.^ President Bush about the War in Iraq..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ President Bush plan to divide Iraq .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Deals with the possibility that U.S. President George W. Bush ousted former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein due to oil.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Shi'ites were brutally persecuted under Saddam's rule.^ Once-dominant Sunni Arabs, who make up the backbone of the insurgency, have long demanded changes to a constitution they say concedes too much power to majority Shi'ites and ethnic Kurds, who were persecuted under Saddam Hussein.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Sadrist movement holds a quarter of parliamentary seats in the ruling Shi'ite Alliance.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some lawmakers from the ruling Shi'ite community, who were oppressed during Saddam's rule, have expressed virulent opposition to seeing former Baathists take up government jobs.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[263] .There were also Sunni Muslims in the crowd.^ The operation leveled large parts of the city and angered many Sunni Muslims there and across Iraq.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There was no discrimination and no prejudice as to Sunni, Shi’a, Kurd, Christian, Muslim, Jew.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Police said many Sunnis, including prominent leaders such as a founding sheikh from the Sons of Iraq, took part.^ Effects of the change in the sectarian balance of power; Anti-Shi'a violence as a constituent part of the ideology of Sunni militancy; Effect beyond Iraq's borders from Lebanon to Pakistan.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mohamed ElBaradei, the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, said that his inspectors had found no evidence that Iraq has restarted its nuclear-weapons program.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ At the same time, in Baghdad , a prominent Sunni Muslim political organization, The National Dialogue Council, said that its headquarters were raided.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[264]

British troops end combat operations

.On April 30, 2009, the United Kingdom formally ended combat operations.^ Major combat operations in Iraq have ended.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ APRIL 30, 2009.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ It was to be formally adopted by April 30.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Prime Minister Gordon Brown characterized the operation in Iraq as a "success story" because of UK troops' efforts.^ British troops have ended six years of combat operations in Iraq, Prime Minister Gordon Brown announced Thursday.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Timothy D. Brown , 23, of Cedar Springs, Mich., died in Habbaniyah, Iraq, when a land mine detonated near his HMMWV during combat operations.
  • FOXNews.com - Fallen Heroes of Operation Iraqi Freedom - FOX News 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC origin.foxnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The new Socialist prime minister of Spain ordered the withdrawal of Spanish troops from Iraq .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

.Britain handed control of Basra to the United States Armed Forces.^ The diplomat also complained that the United States has been slow to provide weapons and other equipment requested by Iraqi armed forces and police, and said the delay is at cross-purposes with the U.S. goal of making Iraqis responsible for their own security.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Page 12 PREV PAGE TOP OF DOC     The protections of the Convention apply when the members of the armed forces of one belligerent nation fall into the hands of an enemy belligerent.
  • OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM: OPERATIONS AND RECONSTRUCTION 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The Sunni “Awakening” militias that General Petraeus founded, armed and funded have begun fighting with the Shi’a-dominated Iraqi Army, which is also bankrolled by the United States.
  • The Democratic Party | PartyBuilder | Posts with the tag Iraq War 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC my.democrats.org [Source type: Original source]

[265]

U.S. withdraw from urban areas and decrease in violence

US Navy and US Coast Guard personnel stand guard onboard Al Basrah Oil Terminal in July 2009.
.The withdrawal of U.S. forces began at the end of June, with 38 bases to be handed over to Iraqi forces.^ Iraqis and that is the end of June.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Operation Steel Hammer, intended to end Al Qaeda operations in Hit, west of Baghdad , was launched with a force of 1,500 U.S. Marines , 500 U.S. Army soldiers, and 500 Iraqi soldiers.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Some of the scenes showed Iraqi POWs forced at gunpoint to kneel down with their hands behind their heads as they were patted down by U.S. soldiers.

.On June 29, 2009, U.S. forces withdrew from Baghdad.^ June 29, 2009 .
  • First Draft: War in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Air Force Times 63:29 June 9, 2003.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom - Lessons Learned 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gary R. Harper Jr., 29, of Virden, Ill., died in Baghdad, Iraq, when his reconnaissance mission was attacked by enemy forces.
  • U.S. Military Deaths in War With Iraq -- 2005 - ABC News 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC abcnews.go.com [Source type: Academic]

.On November 30, 2009, Iraqi Interior Ministry officials reported that the civilian death toll in Iraq fell to its lowest level in November since the 2003 invasion.^ November 1, 2008 April 30, 2009 .
  • Gulf War II 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.pownetwork.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Total Iraqi noncombatant death toll 4.
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since September, levels of violence and civilian deaths have been reduced substantially.

[266]

Iraq awards oil contracts

.On June 30 and December 11, 2009, the Iraqi ministry of oil awarded contracts to international oil companies for some of Iraq's many oil fields.^ December 2009 at 11:40 am .
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Do not destroy Iraqi oil fields.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And Iraq's big oil contracts go to ...
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.The winning oil companies enter joint ventures with the Iraqi ministry of oil, and the terms of the awarded contracts include extraction of oil for a fixed fee of circa $1.40 per barrel.^ The Iraqi oil expert, pointed out that the initial contracts with Asian companies will be relatively limited, explaining that the offer from the Chinese company, includes the extraction of 70 thousand barrels of oil per day, while the Vietnamese company will extract 60 thousand barrels per day.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are also major rumblings in parliament over the draft Iraqi oil law, which purportedly gives US and UK oil companies 76% stock in the country's oil.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Oil Ministry, and regions could choose the company's board of directors.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[267][268] .The fees will only be paid once a production threshold set by the Iraqi ministry of oil is reached.^ Destroying Iraqi oil fields and production facilities will not hinder Coalition operations.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It also sets the ground rules for managing oil production and sends a strong signal of economic liberalization to the world.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Once the currency revalues taxes are to be paid whether physical dinar is held in a safety deposit box or in an Iraqi Bank Account.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Oil fields contracted include the "super-giant" Majnoon Field, Halfaya Field, West Qurna Field and Rumaila Field.^ The 27 fields include West Qurna, he said.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These companies include Brazilian 'Petrobras' to develop the Majnoon field and 'Total' to develop the Fakah and Abu Ghurab fields.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I do not think it prudent for Iraq whether under compunction or not to offer lucrative oil contracts to any company where the control of those oil fields are relinquished for 30 years or more.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.The East Baghdad Field, situated in part under Sadr City, did not receive any bids and the Iraqi oil ministry is considering working the field itself.^ "Do not destroy Iraqi oil fields.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Spokesman of the Oil Ministry, Assim Jihad, revealed last Wednesday the existence of the largest natural gas field in Iraq extending from the border of Nineveh to the West of Al-Qaaem, with extensions to the Iraqi-Saudi border.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "So there is a much larger possibility for oil companies to find new fields and work on it," Shahristani said.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Oil minister Hussein al-Shahristani told Iraqi public television that the increasing oil production "would finance infrastructure projects across Iraq - schools, roads, airports, housing, hospitals". Iraq's oil deposits hold known reserves of 43 billion barrels of crude, as well as large quantities of natural gas.^ Crude oil production averaged 1.95 million barrels a day.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraq has an abudance of natural resources (specifically oil and gas).
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Do not destroy Iraqi oil wells or production facilities.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[268]

Casualty estimates

.
Wounded US personnel flown from Iraq to Ramstein, Germany for medical treatment.
^ Anthony A. Gaunky , 19, of Sparta, Wis., at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Landstuhl, Germany, died of injuries sustained in Bayji, Iraq, on Nov.
  • FOXNews.com - Fallen Heroes of Operation Iraqi Freedom - FOX News 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC origin.foxnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pierre A. Raymond, 28, of Lawrence, Mass., died at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Landstuhl, Germany of injuries sustained in Ramadi, Iraq, on Sept.
  • U.S. Military Deaths in War With Iraq -- 2005 - ABC News 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC abcnews.go.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Brooke Army Medical Center, San Antonio, Texas (from wounds sustained in Iraq) Sgt.

(February 2007)
.For coalition death totals see the infobox at the top right.^ The Coalition total death count was 53, with 41 killed in combat.
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.See also Casualties of the Iraq War, which has casualty numbers for coalition nations, contractors, non-Iraqi civilians, journalists, media helpers, aid workers, wounded, etc..^ The Pentagon won't comment on specific numbers of Iraqi civilian casualties.
  • Iraq War Weblog, Conflict in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.wbur.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The number of Iraqi civilians wounded or killed by U.S. forces was not mentioned in the report.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ After retiring from the MPD Donna was contracted as a civilian to train Iraqi police recruits and was on her second trip to Iraq when this accident occurred.

The main article also gives explanations for the wide variation in estimates and counts, and shows many ways in which undercounting occurs. .Casualty figures, especially Iraqi ones, are highly disputed.^ One Iraqi did an Iraqi rap, with all the Iraqi daily problems in the text, that was hilarious, especially as he had to cover his head to conceal his identity.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Really good site, one figure jumped out, the Iraqi reconstruction markets value.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

This section gives a brief overview.
.There have been several attempts by the media, coalition governments and others to estimate the Iraqi casualties.^ He could not provide estimates of Iraqi casualties.

^ There are several other Iraqi fatality counts against which our estimates can be assessed.
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All their local opponents were there, plus Mr. Chalabi, a top Iraqi government figure known around the world.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.The table below summarizes some of these estimates.^ (Much higher estimates for 1992-1998 sanction deaths are made by some, but these are based on faulty baseline statistics for prewar childhood mortality in Iraq).
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Source Iraqi casualties March 2003 to...
Iraq Family Health Survey 151,000 violent deaths. June 2006
Lancet survey 601,027 violent deaths out of 654,965 excess deaths. June 2006
Opinion Research Business survey 1,033,000 violent deaths as a result of the conflict. August 2007
Associated Press 110,600 violent deaths April 2009
Iraq Body Count .94,902 – 103,549 violent civilian deaths as a result of the conflict.^ The number of civilians slain in Iraq reached an unprecedented level in July and August, which saw 6,599 violent deaths,” a new U.N. report shows.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ The accuracy of civilian death figures in Iraq has been in doubt since the start of the conflict and may reflect only a portion of the casualties nationwide.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

December 2009

Criticisms and costs

.
A local memorial in North Carolina in December 2007; US casualty count can be seen in the background.
^ June 27th, 2007 5:19 pm ET To: LCPL Marsh, USMC, North Carolina .
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Poll: Support for Iraq war reaches new low « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ APRIL 25, 2007: White House excludes bomb deaths in casualty counts.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ The deaths bring the total US casualty toll since the March 2003 US-led invasion to 3,419, according to a count based on Pentagon figures.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[269]
.The U.S. rationale for the Iraq War has faced heavy criticism from an array of popular and official sources both inside and outside the United States, with many U.S. citizens finding many parallels with the Vietnam War.^ Iraq ; Iraq War, 2003- ; Physical training ; United States.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ The war in Iraq was costing the United States $100,000 a minute.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ He declared war on the United States.
  • Iraq > World War II 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: General]

[270] .According to the Center for Public Integrity, President Bush's administration made a total of 935 false statements between 2001 and 2003 about Iraq's alleged threat to the United States.^ Iraq ; Iraq War, 2003- ; Physical training ; United States.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad made his first state visit to Iraq and assailed the Bush Administration.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Britain and the United States bombed Iraq again.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

[271][272] .Both proponents and opponents of the invasion have also criticized the prosecution of the war effort along a number of other lines.^ None of these other presidents were facing a financial meltdown in their first six months along with two wars.

^ I was suggesting that he himself, along with the other knights from his fantasy war club, go forth to bring the battle to Iraq.
  • Iraq > World War II 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: General]

^ On the other hand, as Bush's critics point out, bloody civil war is the reality in Iraq right now.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Most significantly, critics have assailed the US and its allies for not devoting enough troops to the mission, not adequately planning for post-invasion Iraq, and for permitting and perpetrating widespread human rights abuses.^ Again, I believe the US has the plan for victory in Iraq..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And he assailed lawmakers calling for a withdrawal of US troops from Iraq.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We best support our troops by supporting the mission, and not by allowing the bombings and suicide missions affect us more than the good work our military is doing for Iraq and Afghanistan.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Poll: Support for Iraq war reaches new low « - Blogs from CNN.com 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

.As the war has progressed, critics have also railed against the high human and financial costs.^ The first one was for the principal Nazi accused for a number of violations, massive war crimes, crimes against humanity, waging—starting the war and what have you.
  • OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM: OPERATIONS AND RECONSTRUCTION 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Now that "the true human cost of war" will fall directly on Obama's shoulders, the media wants to ignore it.
  • Without Bush, media lose interest in war caskets | Washington Examiner 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.washingtonexaminer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Dean did criticize the financial burdens imposed by the war, a theme echoed by Kerry.
  • Iraq War Weblog, Conflict in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.wbur.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The court-martial of Ehren Watada, the first US officer to refuse to serve in Iraq, ended in a mistrial because the Judge Advocate General's Corps would not consider the question of whether orders could be illegal.^ A mistrial was declared in the court-martial of Lieutenant Ehren K. Watada, the first American military officer to refuse to deploy to Iraq,.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Yesterday's broadcast comes as the US House of Representatives is considering a $124bn (€93bn, £64bn) appropriation for Iraq and Afghanistan, that would attach conditions on the -disbursement of funds linked to the Iraqi government's progress in meeting "performance benchmarks".
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yesterday, he decided to stay at home because he'd promised his mother he would bring Abu Kamal by the house to fix the generator which had suddenly died on them the night before.

.A federal district court judge ruled that Watada cannot face double jeopardy on three of his five charges, but abstained from ruling on whether the two remaining charges of conduct unbecoming an officer may still go forward.^ PARKS. Federal district court.
  • OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM: OPERATIONS AND RECONSTRUCTION 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ I am sure it would be manifest in tribunals or before the Federal district court.
  • OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM: OPERATIONS AND RECONSTRUCTION 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The judge, Ricardo M. Urbina of the District’s federal court, found that prosecutors and agents had improperly used statements that the guards provided to the State Department in the hours and days after the shooting.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

[273]
.Many soldiers came to oppose the invasion, especially after the administration's claims that Iraq held WMD turned out to be entirely false.^ [Because Iraq had SO many WMDs, didn't it?

^ None of this means that Mr. Maliki's government is out of the woods, or that the conference was the kind of turning point in Iraq's relations with its neighbors that occurred with Bosnia or Afghanistan, for example.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Five Britons kidnapped in Baghdad last month are being held by a militant group armed, trained and funded by Iran, the US commander in Iraq has claimed.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.A group calling itself, Iraq Veterans against the War, quickly developed a membership of well over 1,000 soldiers and veterans.^ This one calls for support of the war on Iraq .
  • Iraq War Weblog, Conflict in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.wbur.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A group of soldiers were attempting to negotiate with a group of armed men who were congregating on a road near a Karbala, Iraq, mosque after curfew on October 16, 2003.
  • Forces: U.S. & Coalition/Casualties - Special Reports from CNN.com 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ McCain, too, has repeatedly called on Clinton to renounce the anti-war group's rhetoric.

.In January 2006, over 1,000 soldiers signed a petition, An Appeal for Redress, which was delivered to Congress asking for a "prompt withdrawal of all American military forces and bases from Iraq."^ In all of 2006, only 1,000 had volunteered.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All of this is based on the premise that their withdrawal will not jeopardize security in Iraq.

^ Petraeus believes the military has done all it can do in Iraq.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.A February 2006 Zogby poll discovered that 72 perecent of soldiers who served in Iraq felt that the U.S. should withdraw within one year.^ The ones who should be reading this - can't.
  • Without Bush, media lose interest in war caskets | Washington Examiner 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.washingtonexaminer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Poll: When should American troops withdraw from Iraq?
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Do not know someone who served in Iraq .
  • Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.gallup.com [Source type: Original source]

Several books chart the GI dissent, including Camilo Mejia's The Road from Ar Ramandi and Carl Mirra's Soldiers and Citizens: An Oral History of Operation Iraqi Freedom from the Battlefield to the Pentagon
.Another criticism of the initial intelligence leading up to the Iraq war comes from a former CIA officer who described the Office of Special Plans as a group of ideologues who were dangerous for US national security and a threat to world peace, and that the group lied and manipulated intelligence to further its agenda of removing President Hussein.^ President Bush about the War in Iraq..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Its report comes as the former US chief weapons inspector questioned the CIA's assessment of the threat from Iraq."

^ The US was indeed under threat, and the War in Iraq was necessary to secure her from WMD in the future.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[274] .Subsequently, in 2008, the nonpartisan Center for Public Integrity has enumerated a total of 935 false statements made by George Bush and six other top members of his administration in what it termed a "carefully launched campaign of misinformation" during the two year period following 9-11, in order to rally support for the invasion of Iraq.^ A study by two nonprofit journalism organizations found that President Bush and top administration officials issued 935 false statements in the two years following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ George Bush invaded Iraq.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I do not think two years is long term.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[275][276]
.The financial cost of the war has been more than £4.5 billion ($9 billion) to the UK,[277] and over $845 billion to the U.S., with the total cost to the U.S. economy estimated at $3 trillion.^ Comments (35) OMB chief says Iraq war cost estimate 'partisan' .

^ [He also] said the Bush administration has failed to account for nearly half of the $4 billion the war is costing each month.

^ The measure provides nearly $100 billion to pay for fighting in two wars, and includes more money than the president requested for operations in Afghanistan and what Democrats called training and equipment shortages.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[278]
Criticisms include:
.
.After President Barack Obama was inaugurated in 2009 some anti-war protestors decided to stop protesting even though the war was still going on, some of them decided to stop because they felt they should give the new President time to establish his administration, and others stopped because they were convinced that the new President will end the war.^ What else are they going to do with their time?
  • Comment Central - Times Online - WBLG: Protest the G20 protesters here 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC timesonline.typepad.com [Source type: General]

^ It was just two weeks later when the president decided to go to war.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When will Obama stop his illegal wars?
  • Without Bush, media lose interest in war caskets | Washington Examiner 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.washingtonexaminer.com [Source type: Original source]

[293]
.A CNN report noted that the U.S. led interim government, the Coalition Provisional Authority lasting until 2004 in Iraq had lost $8,800,000,000 in the Development Fund for Iraq.^ Its with a saddened heart that I returned to Charlie Company last night as we have lost a great Marine to the rigors of combat in Iraq , Cpl Jordan Pierson .
  • Gulf War II 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.pownetwork.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Current and former American financial advisers to the Iraqi government explain that the problem of budget execution has persisted for the Iraqis since June 2004, when the Coalition Provisional Authority officially disbanded and turned over the country's coffers to an interim government led by Iyad Allawi.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With a glance at the GAO’s report , “Securing, Stabilizing and Rebuilding Iraq,’’ Kerry noted that it concludes that the Iraqi government has not met most of the legislative, security and economic benchmarks that the Congress attached to funding.

.An inspector general's report mentioned that "'Severe inefficiencies and poor management' by the Coalition Provisional Authority would leave no guarantee that the money was properly used," said Stuart W. Bowen Jr., director of the Office of the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction.^ The President said he would put the oil money on the tables of the poor.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ADVERTISEMENT The report by the special inspector general for Iraq, Stuart Bowen, said Iraq's Commission on Public Integrity (CPI) estimates the cost of corruption at around five billion dollars a year.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraq lags on reconstruction, recovery - US report Iraq's government failed to take responsibility for reconstruction projects and is struggling to administer its budget for oil, public works and education, a U.S. special inspector general said on Monday.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

."The CPA did not establish or implement sufficient managerial, financial and contractual controls to ensure that funds were used in a transparent manner."^ The KPMG report obtained by Financial Times reads, "The CPA does not have effective controls over the ministries' spending of their individually allocated budgets, whether the funds are direct from the CPA or via the ministry of finance."
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The information was used when the United States did attack the Insurgent-controlled city on 8 November.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The CPA provided less than adequate controls for approximately $8.8 billion of Development Fund for Iraq (DFI) funds provided to Iraqi ministries through the national budget process.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

[294]

Humanitarian crises

.
More than half of Iraqi Christians have fled to neighboring countries since the start of the war.
^ Although non-citizens represent a fraction of active-duty personnel, every recruit matters as casualties mount and more reserves are being called up than at any time since the Korean War.

^ Iraq War Loss of women's rights in Iraq Historically, Iraq has afforded women more rights relative to other countries in the Middle East.
  • Feministing: Iraq War Archives 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2003, America's armed forces had to do much more than dislodge Iraqi forces from Kuwait.
  • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[295] .In FY 2007, the U.S. resettled 1,608 Iraqi refugees.^ AUGUST 29, 2007: Iraqis seeking U.S. refugee status forced to apply in Syria.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

[296]
.In December 2007, the Iraqi government reported that there were 5 million orphans in Iraq - nearly half of the country's children.^ He goes further to say its proposal that the U.S. withdraw its troops out of the country if the Iraqi government doesn't get its act together is irresponsible.

^ With a glance at the GAO’s report , “Securing, Stabilizing and Rebuilding Iraq,’’ Kerry noted that it concludes that the Iraqi government has not met most of the legislative, security and economic benchmarks that the Congress attached to funding.

^ Iraq would need $4 billion to help spend the $12.5 billion the Iraqi government already has in its accounts.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[297][298] .Iraq's health has deteriorated to a level not seen since the 1950s, said Joseph Chamie, former director of the U.N. Population Division and an Iraq specialist.^ But he said since then, the U.S. has had unexpected, good progress on the local level in Iraq.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ IMF directors encouraged Iraq to step up reconstruction efforts, particularly in the oil sector, and said steps need to be taken to protect oil installations.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since last November, the US has seen a decline in bee populations so dramatic that it eclipses all previous incidences of mass mortality.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

."They were at the forefront", he said, referring to health care just before the 1991 Persian Gulf War.^ 'It is like [the 1991 Persian Gulf war].

^ Six Iraqi scientists working at Baghdad research institutions said that they were ordered to destroy bacteria and equipment and hide more before visits from U.N. weapons inspectors in the months leading up to the war.
  • PsyWar.Org - Operation Iraqi Freedom, Gulf War II, 2003 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywar.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Joh 8:58 Jesus said to them, "Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM." Joh 8:59 Then they took up stones to throw at Him...
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

"Now they're looking more and more like a country in sub-Saharan Africa."[299] Malnutrition rates have risen from 19% before the US-led invasion to a national average of 28% four years later.[300] .Some 60-70% of Iraqi children are suffering from psychological problems.^ Some of the problems are mentioned in an article entitled “Psychological Operations in Baghdad ” published in Veritas, Volume 2, Number 1, 2006.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And while the military surge has had an impact in reducing violence in some parts of Iraq, the problem for U.S. policymakers is that the surge of U.S. and Iraqi security forces is helpless to stop this second insurgency.

^ In some countries the numbers are in millions and Iraqi embassies are in no position to deal with the problem,” he said.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[301] .68% of Iraqis have no access to safe drinking water.^ Now that the Iraqi insurgents have figured out how to take down American helicopters, there is no safe means of travel from the center of Iraq to anywhere else.
  • China Colonizing Africa?: PostGlobal at washingtonpost.com - 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thousands of Iraqis no longer send their children to school- it's just not safe.

^ It is a safe bet that no one checks for hormonal imbalancers in the food and drink and water supply..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.A cholera outbreak in northern Iraq is thought to be the result of poor water quality.^ The report noted that the International Committee of the Red Cross said "both the quantity and the quality of drinking water in Iraq remain insufficient despite limited improvement."
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And the poor quality of their 'arguments' and lack of original thought will shine through.They are Riding a bandwagon and nasty in my view.
  • BBC - Nick Robinson's Newslog: Shock news 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

[302] As many as half of Iraqi doctors have left the country since 2003.[303]
.
An Iraqi girl from the Janabi Village waits in line with her father to be examined by an Iraqi doctor, Yusufiyah, Iraq, March 02, 2008. The Medical Operation was conducted by U.S. Soldiers from Charlie Company, 3rd Battalion, 187th Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division and the Sons of Iraq (Abna al-Iraq).
^ Company C, 2nd Battalion, 37th Armored Regiment, 1st Armored Division .
  • Forces: U.S. & Coalition/Casualties - Special Reports from CNN.com 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Company A, 1st Battalion, 327th Infantry Regiment, 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division .
  • Forces: U.S. & Coalition/Casualties - Special Reports from CNN.com 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Battalion, 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment, 2nd Brigade, 82nd Airborne Division .
  • Forces: U.S. & Coalition/Casualties - Special Reports from CNN.com 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

(U.S. Army photo by Spc Luke Thornberry)

Human rights abuses

.Throughout the entire Iraq war there have been human rights abuses on all sides of the conflict.^ Indeed, there was barely a "war" at all.
  • Iraq War Weblog, Conflict in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.wbur.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ NOVEMBER 8, 2007: Iraq war opposition at all-time high according to a CNN/Opinion Research Corporation Poll.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ If you can find another country with more civil liberties and human rights than the one you live in then you should go move there.
  • Capitol Hill Blue's The Rant - Scum-sucking traitors to their country 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC www.capitolhillblue.com [Source type: Original source]

Iraqi government

.
  • The use of torture by Iraqi security forces.^ Iraqi Security Forces are continuing the search.
    • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Everyone knows American forces and Iraqi security forces are raping women (and men), but this is possibly the first woman who publicly comes out and tells about it using her actual name.

    ^ We need the cooperation of the Iraq people with the Iraqi security forces.
    • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

    [304]

Coalition forces and private contractors

.
US Army Private Lynndie England holding a leash attached to a prisoner collapsed on the floor in the Abu Ghraib prison.
^ The Pentagon was stalling to avoid the release of more photographs and videos from Abu Ghraib prison.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Ricardo Sanchez personally approved the torture of inmates at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq and that he ordered guards to hide at least one prisoner from the Red Cross .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ A New York judge ruled that several suppressed photographs of torture at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq must be released.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

.England was convicted by a US Army court martial for abusing prison detainees
  • Controversy over whether disproportionate force was used, during the assaults by Coalition and (mostly Shia and Kurdish) Iraqi government forces on the Sunni insurgent stronghold of Fallujah in 2004.
  • Planting weapons on noncombatant, unarmed Iraqis by three US Marines after killing them.^ Gates: Air Force drags heels on Iraq, Afghan war .

    ^ Air Force civilian employee) Maj.

    ^ Killed in Abu Ghraib, Iraq, during a mortar attack on the Abu Ghraib Police Station.
    • FOXNews.com - Fallen Heroes of Operation Iraqi Freedom - FOX News 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC origin.foxnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [308][309] .According to a report by The Nation, other similar acts have been witnessed by US soldiers.^ The Soldiers said they found shelves filled with food and new clothes still in their plastic wrapping in the facility, according to the report.
    • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The US as far as I know has more nuclear weapons than any other nation, and is in a good position from that point of view to lead the disarmament.
    • The Becker-Posner Blog: Response to Comments on Preventive War--Posner 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC www.becker-posner-blog.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Read an article today where they claim that the US is lagging far far behind other nations data speed.
    • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

    [310] .Members of Iraq Veterans Against the War tell similar stories.^ First, he said, the organization will campaign against Republican members of Congress who have supported the war.

    ^ Minimum number of Iraq war veterans who have declared they are running for Congress this year: 11 .
    • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Some anti-war advocates claim that U.S. military action against Iraq is simply a naked grab for the natural resources of another country.
    • Iraq War Weblog, Conflict in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.wbur.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [311]

Insurgent groups

.
Car bombings are a frequently used tactic by insurgents in Iraq.
  • Killing over 12,000 Iraqis from January 2005 to June 2006, according to Iraqi Interior Minister Bayan Jabr, giving the first official count for the victims of bombings, ambushes and other deadly attacks.^ June 2006 Article Stabbed in the back!
    • Bush, George W. (Harper's Magazine) 22 September 2009 21:35 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Two insurgents killed in other parts of Iraq .
    • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Killed when a roadside bomb detonated near his vehicle in Taji, Iraq, on January 4, 2005 .
    • Forces: U.S. & Coalition/Casualties - Special Reports from CNN.com 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

    [312] .The insurgents have also conducted numerous suicide attacks on the Iraqi civilian population, mostly targeting the majority Shia community.^ Many major foreign newspaper websites featured videos or photo galleries of the prisoners and of Iraqi civilian dead as their top stories.
    • Iraq War Weblog, Conflict in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.wbur.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A suicide car bomber missed his target, an Iraqi Police patrol, and wounded five Iraqi civilians.
    • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

    ^ You have heard, too, about the Iraqi's ambush tactics on a battlefield where soldiers dressed as civilians have feigned surrender only to attack American soldiers once they approach.
    • OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM: OPERATIONS AND RECONSTRUCTION 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC commdocs.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

    [313][314] .An October 2005 report from Human Rights Watch examines the range of civilian attacks and their purported justification.^ Human Rights Watch: Iraqi gays tortured and killed.
    • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

    ^ Iraqi Civilian Deaths were 'Avoidable' 15-Dec-03 Iraq War "Hundreds of civilian deaths in the US-led invasion of Iraq could have been prevented, says Human Rights Watch.

    ^ OCTOBER 2, 2006: 3,000 Iraqi civilians die in August 2006 , up from 2,000 deaths in August of 2005, according to findings from the Brookings Institution.
    • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

    [315]
  • .
  • Attacks against civilians including children through bombing of market places and other locations reachable by car bombs.
  • Attacks on diplomats and diplomatic facilities including; the bombing of the U.N. headquarters in Baghdad in August 2003 killing the top U.N. representative in Iraq and 21 other UN staff members;[316] beheading several diplomats: two Algerian diplomatic envoys Ali Belaroussi and Azzedine Belkadi,[317] Egyptian diplomatic envoy al-Sherif,[318] and four Russian diplomats.^ "Bombings kill 48 more civilians south of Baghdad," AFP, 2 April 2003.
    • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Two car bombs killed at least 75 people in Kirkuk .
    • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Six Car Bombs Kill 30 in Iraq.
    • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

    [319]
  • .
  • The February 2006 bombing of the al-Askari Mosque, destroying one of the holiest Shiite shrines, killing over 165 worshipers and igniting sectarian strife and reprisal killings.^ All of this followed within hours the bombing of the Shiite Al-Askari shrine in Samarra.

    ^ JUNE 13, 2007: “Suspected al-Qaida insurgents … destroyed the two minarets of the Askariya Shiite shrine in Samarra , authorities reported, in a repeat of a 2006 bombing that shattered its famous Golden Dome and unleashed a wave of retaliatory sectarian violence that still bloodies Iraq.” [AP, 6/13/2007 ] .
    • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

    ^ The military statement said Issawi, who had links to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the leader of al Qaeda in Iraq who was killed in a U.S. air strike in June 2006, was one of two insurgents killed in the firefight in western Iraq.
    • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

    [320]
  • .
  • The publicised killing of several contractors; Eugene Armstrong, Jack Hensley, Kenneth Bigley, Ivaylo Kepov and Georgi Lazov (Bulgarian truck drivers.^ Tinas truck collided with another military vehicle, killing her and injuring her co-driver and both occupants of the other vehicle.

    )[321] .Other non-military personnel murdered include: translator Kim Sun-il, Shosei Koda, Fabrizio Quattrocchi (Italian), charity worker Margaret Hassan, reconstruction engineer Nick Berg, photographer Salvatore Santoro (Italian)[322] and supply worker Seif Adnan Kanaan (Iraqi.^ These include military infrastructure and supply systems (including bases, barracks, and depots) as well as command, control, and communication capabilities.
    • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Although some of the Iraqi combatant wounded would have entered local hospitals, others would have been handled within the military hospital system.
    • The Wages of War: Iraqi Combatant and Noncombatant Fatalities in the 2003 Conflict. PDA Research Monograph 8, 20 October 2003. Carl Conetta 23 September 2009 2:02 UTC www.comw.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But also for other military women whose rapes and murders have been covered up.
    • Feministing: Iraq War Archives 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ) .Four private armed contractors, Scott Helvenston, Jerko Zovko, Wesley Batalona and Michael Teague, were killed with grenades and small arms fire, their bodies dragged from their vehicles, beaten and set ablaze.^ Killed in an ambush by small arms fire and rocket-propelled grenades in Tikrit, Iraq.
    • FOXNews.com - Fallen Heroes of Operation Iraqi Freedom - FOX News 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC origin.foxnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Her body was set on fire.

    ^ Michael Yury Tarlavsky , 30, of Passaic, N.J., died in Najaf, Iraq, when his unit came under small arms fire and grenade attack.
    • FOXNews.com - Fallen Heroes of Operation Iraqi Freedom - FOX News 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.foxnews.com [Source type: Academic]

    .Their burned corpses were then dragged through the streets before being hung over a bridge crossing the Euphrates.^ Four American mercenaries employed by Blackwater Security Consulting were pulled from their vehicles in Fallujah, Iraq , hacked to death, burned, and dragged through the streets; the remains of two were then hung from a bridge over the Euphrates River along with a sign that said "Fallujah is the cemetery for Americans."
    • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

    ^ The group were shot and burnt in their cars, before a cheering crowd dismembered the corpses and hung two of them from a bridge.
    • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

    ^ Attempts by US marines to take bridges over the river Euphrates, which passes through Nassiriya, have become bogged down in casualties and troops taken prisoner.

    [323]
  • .

Public opinion on the war

International opinion

.According to a January 2007 BBC World Service poll of more than 26,000 people in 25 countries, 73% of the global population disapproves of the US handling of the Iraq War.^ April 25, 2007 10:26 AM ∞ .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ More than 100 people were killed in fighting in Iraq .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ More than 500 people were wounded.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

[326] .A September 2007 poll conducted by the BBC found that 2/3rds of the world's population believed the US should withdraw its forces from Iraq.^ Poll: When should American troops withdraw from Iraq?
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sanchez is the commander of US forces in Iraq.

^ Again, I believe the US has the plan for victory in Iraq..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[327] .According to an April 2004 USA Today/CNN/Gallup Poll, only a third of the Iraqi people believed that "the American-led occupation of their country is doing more good than harm, and a solid majority support an immediate military pullout even though they fear that could put them in greater danger."^ Americans can not conceptualize fear as the people of Iraq.
  • Video: What is this “Iraq war” charge on my bill? 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bravenewfilms.org [Source type: Original source]

^ More than 500 people were wounded.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ They were re-elected for one reason: Fear by the American people.
  • Capitol Hill Blue's The Rant - Scum-sucking traitors to their country 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC www.capitolhillblue.com [Source type: Original source]

[328] .Majorities in the UK and Canada believe the war in Iraq is "unjustified" and - in the UK - are critical of their government's support of US policies in Iraq.^ Oil revenue is critical to funding Iraq's government, as it is the source of a majority of government revenue.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Again, I believe the US has the plan for victory in Iraq..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The U.S. military was supposed to be supporting Iraq's government.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[329] .According to polls conducted by The Arab American Institute, four years after the invasion of Iraq, 83% of Egyptians had a negative view of the US role in Iraq; 68% of Saudi Arabians had a negative view; 96% of the Jordanian population had a negative view; 70% of the UAE and 76% of the Lebanese population also described their view as negative.^ Four US soldiers killed in Iraq .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Americans dead over nearly four years?

^ Irans population is misleading as women,homosexuals, and foreingers are barred from service in the elite Revolutionary Guard unlike in the Evil US. 7.23.2006 10:45am ( link ) Shangui ( mail ): From a libertarian point of view my objection to the invasion of Iraq was based on pretty simple ideas.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - Libertarianism, the Iraq War, and the Division in the Friedman Household: 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

[330] .The Pew Global Attitudes Project reports that in 2006 majorities in the Netherlands, Germany, Jordan, France, Lebanon, China, Spain, Indonesia, Turkey, Pakistan, and Morocco believed the world was safer before the Iraq War and the toppling of Hussein.^ Nearly nine of every 10 - 85% - said the U.S. mission is "to retaliate for Saddam's role in the 9-11 attacks," while 77% said they believe the main or a major reason for the war was "to stop Saddam from protecting al Qaeda in Iraq."
  • 'Aqoul: Iraq War Archives 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.aqoul.com [Source type: General]

^ AUGUST 30, 2006: Rumsfeld compares Iraq war critics to those who believed Hitler could be “appeased” [CNN, 8/30/2006 ] .
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ DECEMBER 2, 2006: “Not working well.” Donald Rumsfeld, describing the Iraq strategy in a classified memo written two days before he resigned.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

.Pluralities in the US and India believe the world is safer without Hussein.^ I therefore believe that any conflict will remain shortlived and regional (prophetically speaking it will not encompass the entire world), and I believe the US will have to deal with the Iranian threat at this time.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Bush administration now says the world is better off without Saddam Hussein.

^ Removing Saddam Hussein made the world a safer place."

[331]

Iraqi opinion

A woman pleads with an Iraqi army soldier from 2nd Company, 5th Brigade, 2nd Iraqi Army Division to let a suspected insurgent free during a raid near Tafaria, Iraq
.The US government has long maintained its involvement there is with the support of the Iraqi people, but in 2005 when asked directly, 82–87% of the Iraqi populace was opposed to the US occupation and wanted US troops to leave.^ There will be too many people opposed to it."
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Once that government asks us to leave, we shall leave."
  • Iraq War Weblog, Conflict in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.wbur.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We’ve asked two native populations to trust us; we abandoned one to an outright slaughter, and many want us to do the same again.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.47% of Iraqis supported attacking US troops.^ Attacks on US troops..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ US troops killed in Taliban attack --> QANDHAR CHAMAN (SANA NEWS) - At least two US troops on Friday were killed while eleven others injured in a missile attack by Taliban on US airbase in Qandhar, Afghanistan.

^ Saddam appeared on Iraqi national television this morning to rally his troops and condemn the US...

[332] .Another poll conducted on September 27, 2006, found that seven out of ten Iraqis want US-led forces to withdraw from Iraq within one year.^ "Not one of us wants to leave Iraq tomorrow," Gilchrest said.

^ Sanchez is the commander of US forces in Iraq.

^ SEPTEMBER 27, 2006: 71 percent of Iraqis want U.S. forces To withdraw within a year.
  • Think Progress » A TIMELINE OF THE IRAQ WAR 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

.Overall, 78% of those polled said they believed that the presence of US forces is "provoking more conflict than it's preventing."^ What is holding it together is the presence of the US in force.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I believe the real struggle in the US is more internal than external.
  • Revisited - The Real Reasons for the Upcoming War in Iraq: A Macroeconomic and Geostrategic Analysis of the Unspoken Truth, by William Clark, updated: Jan 2004 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.ratical.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When all is said and done, a lot more is said than done...
  • Without Bush, media lose interest in war caskets | Washington Examiner 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.washingtonexaminer.com [Source type: Original source]

.53% of those polled believed the Iraqi government would be strengthened if US forces left Iraq (versus 23% who believed it would be weakened), and 71% wanted this to happen in 1 year or less.^ It's more for those who want an immediate withdrawal from Iraq.

^ Sanchez is the commander of US forces in Iraq.

^ Again, I believe the US has the plan for victory in Iraq..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.All of these positions were more prevalent amongst Sunni and Shia respondents than among Kurds.^ When all is said and done, a lot more is said than done...
  • Without Bush, media lose interest in war caskets | Washington Examiner 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.washingtonexaminer.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By the late 90s, more than four-fifths of all foreign exchange transactions, and half of all world exports, were denominated in dollars.
  • Revisited - The Real Reasons for the Upcoming War in Iraq: A Macroeconomic and Geostrategic Analysis of the Unspoken Truth, by William Clark, updated: Jan 2004 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.ratical.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's no wonder that Shiites and Kurds, who together make up more than 80 percent of Iraq's population, hated Hussein's military.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.61% of respondents said that they approve of attacks on US-led forces, although 94% still had an unfavorable opinion of al-Qaeda.^ "They [al Qaeda] ruled with tyranny.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They sent us nothing,'' he said.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I saw where they said they spoke for us..
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[333]
A March 7, 2007 survey of more than 2,000 Iraqis found that 78% of the population opposed the presence of Coalition forces in Iraq, that 69% believed the presence of U.S. forces is making things worse, and that 51% of the population considered attacks on coalition forces acceptable, up from 17% in 2004 and 35% in 2006. In addition:[334]
  • 64% described their family's economic situation as being somewhat or very bad, up from 30% in 2005.
  • 88% described the availability of electricity as being either somewhat or very bad, up from 65% in 2004.
  • 69% described the availability of clean water as somewhat or very bad, up from 48% in 2004.
  • 88% described the availability of fuel for cooking and driving as being somewhat or very bad.
  • 58% described reconstruction efforts in the area in which they live as either somewhat or very ineffective, and 9% described them as being totally nonexistent.
.A 2007 survey for the first time asked ordinary Iraqis their view on the highly contentious draft oil law.^ The Iraqi oil law undoes all of this.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The draft law of Iraqi nationality .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraqi cabinet approves oil draft law .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.According to the poll, 76 percent of Iraqis feel inadequately informed about the contents of the proposed law.^ A third poll showed that three-quarters of Iraqis intend to vote in upcoming elections; 41 percent incorrectly believe that they are voting for an Iraqi president.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Haven't heard about these Iraqi polls.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are also major rumblings in parliament over the draft Iraqi oil law, which purportedly gives US and UK oil companies 76% stock in the country's oil.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nonetheless, 63 percent responded that they would prefer Iraqi state-owned companies – and not foreign corporations – to develop Iraq’s extensive oil fields.^ S. Korea signs MOU with Iraq on oil field development .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You think they would prefer their former state?
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Iraqi oil, is by Iraqi law the property of the state of Iraq.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[335]

Relation to the US Global War on Terrorism

Former President George W. Bush consistently referred to the Iraq war as "the central front in the War on Terror", and argued that if the US pulled out of Iraq, "terrorists will follow us here."[336][337][338] While other proponents of the war have regularly echoed this assertion, as the conflict has dragged on, members of the US Congress, the US public, and even US troops have begun to question the connection between Iraq and the fight against anti-US terrorism. .In particular, a consensus has developed among intelligence experts that the Iraq war has increased terrorism.^ It isn’t about the war in Iraq, again, it’s about the War on Terror.
  • Pajamas Media » Hollywood Loses the War in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Comments (28) Iraq expert: War czar won't matter much .

^ Among the world's foremost experts in the field of international law, the overwhelming jurisprudential consensus is that the Anglo-American invasion, conquest, and occupation of Iraq constitute three phases of one illegal war of aggression.
  • China Colonizing Africa?: PostGlobal at washingtonpost.com - 16 October 2009 2:55 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Counterterrorism expert Rohan Gunaratna frequently refers to the invasion of Iraq as a "fatal mistake."[339] London's conservative International Institute for Strategic Studies concluded in 2004 that the occupation of Iraq had become "a potent global recruitment pretext" for jihadists and that the invasion "galvanised" al-Qaeda and "perversely inspired insurgent violence" there.[340] .The US National Intelligence Council concluded in a January 2005 report that the war in Iraq had become a breeding ground for a new generation of terrorists; David B. Low, the national intelligence officer for transnational threats, indicated that the report concluded that the war in Iraq provided terrorists with "a training ground, a recruitment ground, the opportunity for enhancing technical skills...^ Iraq War Gel-filled bra is new terrorist device.
  • Feministing: Iraq War Archives 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We continue to train new recruits.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraq War , News The state of women in Iraq.
  • Feministing: Iraq War Archives 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is even, under the best scenario, over time, the likelihood that some of the jihadists who are not killed there will, in a sense, go home, wherever home is, and will therefore disperse to various other countries."^ The harsh reality is that there will be some who will not.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A bomb going off will make that area inhabitable for some time, great cleaning efforts have to be made, each particle that was part of the blast history has to be removed, an almost impossible task, even though there are detectors that will detect them.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those feelings are not uncommon, say other moms who have sent their sons off to Iraq, some of whom recently watched them go for a second time.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom Archive 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.warfoto.com [Source type: News]

.The Council's chairman Robert L. Hutchings said, "At the moment, Iraq is a magnet for international terrorist activity."^ "I am glad to note that U.S.-led Allied forces in Iraq have now adopted a similar strategy to capture Saddam," said the group's chairman.
  • Iraq War Weblog, Conflict in Iraq 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.wbur.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The report noted that the International Committee of the Red Cross said "both the quantity and the quality of drinking water in Iraq remain insufficient despite limited improvement."
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Russia's Churkin said that without international assistance for the political process, leaders of Iraq's different groups would not be able to overcome "the inertia" of mistrust.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[341] And the 2006 National Intelligence Estimate, which outlined the considered judgment of all 16 US intelligence agencies, held that "The Iraq conflict has become the 'cause celebre' for jihadists, breeding a deep resentment of US involvement in the Muslim world and cultivating supporters for the global jihadist movement."[342]

Iranian involvement

.It has been claimed that Iran has provided training, weapons, money, and intelligence to Shiite insurgents in Iraq and up to 150 Iranian intelligence agents, plus members of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard are believed to be active in Iraq at any given time.^ As Liz Sly and James Janega wrote in a piece that appears in today's Chicago Tribune , U.S. intelligence and defense briefers showed reporters weapons the U.S. government says were discovered in Iraq, materiel that was provided by Iran to Iraqi insurgents.

^ Iran shut its border with northern Iraq after an Iranian national was detained by U.S. troops and accused of being a member of the Revolutionary Guard.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ The U.S administration, however, has accused Iran of arming and training Shiite militants in Iraq.

[343] .Members of the Iranian Quds Force and the Iranian Revolutionary Guard are thought to have trained members of the Qazali terror network in explosives technology and also provided the network with arms, munitions, and military advisors.^ These include military exercises ranging from naval and landing exercises at the task-group level to battalion-level special forces training, assigning officers to each other's armed services, and standardizing equipment and operational doctrine.
  • Iraq > World War II 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: General]

^ In a statement, U.S. military officials also said coalition forces have captured a suspected terrorist with close ties to an Iranian Revolutionary Guards unit - the Quds Force.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Britain accused the Iranian Revolutionary Guard of providing Iraqi Shiite groups with the technology to carry out bombing attacks.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

.According to two unnamed U.S. officials, the Pentagon is examining the possibility that the Karbala provincial headquarters raid, in which insurgents managed to infiltrate an American base, kill 5 U.S. soldiers, wound 3, and destroy three humvees before fleeing, was supported by Iranians.^ American soldiers killed two Iraqi policemen in Kirkuk .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Three British soldiers were killed in Basra .
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Two Iraqi soldiers and a child were also wounded.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.In a speech on 31 January 2007, Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki stated that Iran was supporting attacks against Coalition forces in Iraq[344] and some Iraqis suspect that the raid may have been perpetrated by the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps's Qods Force in retaliation for the detention of 5 Iranian officials by U.S. forces in the northern Iraqi city of Irbil on 11 January.^ For instance in May 2008, there were two suicide attacks in northern Iraq against members of the Iraqi security forces.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 11 January 2010 23:42 UTC www.psywarrior.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ May 31, 2007 .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ May 31, 2007 1:01 PM ∞ .
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

[345][346] .Many explosive devices, including improvised explosives (IEDs) and armor-piercing penetrators (EFPs), used by insurgents are claimed to be Iranian-made or designed.^ Those who have been exposed to improvised explosive devices (IEDs), the stress of direct negotiation, and the trials of patrol on a daily basis certainly have a higher rate of PTSD and other disabilities following their tour than those who have not.
  • Feministing: Iraq War Archives 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.feministing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Willard T. Partridge, 35, of Ferriday, La., died in Baghdad, Iraq, when an improvised explosive device detonated near his vehicle.
  • U.S. Military Deaths in War With Iraq -- 2005 - ABC News 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC abcnews.go.com [Source type: Academic]

^ At least 20 US troops have been killed in Iraq this week, all but five from wounds suffered from improvised explosive devices, the term the military uses for roadside bombs.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

.In January 2008, Multi-National Force – Iraq (MNFI) initiated Task Force Troy to identify Iranian-made weapons.^ Hans Blix, the head of the United Nations ' inspection commission, negotiated a deal with Iraq to allow the return of weapons inspectors within two weeks.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Even as President Bush tries to get the nation today to focus on progress that's been made in Iraq, the images coming out of Iraq in recent days are a stark counterpoint to his message.

^ Iraqis were amused by the inspection of three gin factories by United Nations weapons inspectors, and reporters were relieved to discover that Iraq's liquor stores are well stocked.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

.Their report was delivered in July 2008. Of 4,600 weapons caches discovered, only 98 contained at least one Iranian-made weapon with these representing less than one half percent of the total number of weapons recovered.^ We are the only ones to have ever used nuclear weapons.
  • lies.com » US Deaths in Vietnam and Iraq by Month 9 February 2010 17:12 UTC www.lies.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraqis were amused by the inspection of three gin factories by United Nations weapons inspectors, and reporters were relieved to discover that Iraq's liquor stores are well stocked.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ The number of dead and enslaved during these many centuries of Islamic imperial conquest and colonialism have been estimated to total more than 300 million.

.No Iranian weapons were discovered in Karbala or Basra and of the 350 armor-piercing explosively formed penetrators (EFPs) found, none were of Iranian origin.^ The fighting in Amarah, the U.S. military said in a statement, was a targeted operation against what the coalition said were members of a "secret cell" that imported deadly armor-piercing weapons made in Iran known as "explosively formed penetrators," or EFPs.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Isa 54:17 No weapon that is formed against you shall prosper; and every tongue that shall rise against you in judgment you shall condemn.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mohamed ElBaradei, the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, said that his inspectors had found no evidence that Iraq has restarted its nuclear-weapons program.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

.Despite frequent claims that Iran is supplying weapons to insurgents, the MNFI report criticized official US statements on Iranian weapons, stating; "Iranian munitions found in Iraq were likely purchased on the open market."^ Iran has maintained close links to Iraq's Shia political parties and militias but has previously eschewed collaboration with al-Qaida and Sunni insurgents.
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Bush said that US officials have warned Iran in talks in Baghdad to stop shipping sophisticated roadside bombs into Iraq or face the "consequences."
  • Truck and Barter: Iraqi Dinar Discussion: March 6, 2007 to August 20, 2007 16 September 2009 11:27 UTC truckandbarter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mohamed ElBaradei, the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, said that his inspectors had found no evidence that Iraq has restarted its nuclear-weapons program.
  • Iraq (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

[347]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/24/world/middleeast/24iraq.html
  2. ^ New York Times: Bremer Says U.S. Was Short on Troops for Occupation of Iraq
  3. ^ "Sectarian divisions change Baghdad’s image". MSNBC. 2006-07-03. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/13684759/. Retrieved 2007-02-18. 
  4. ^ U.S. Department of Defense (2007-02-02). "DoD News Briefing with Secretary Gates and Gen. Pace from Pentagon". Press release. http://www.defenselink.mil/Transcripts/Transcript.aspx?TranscriptID=3879. Retrieved 2008-05-10. 
  5. ^ Google News US troops at lowest level since Iraq invasion, 16 February, 2010
  6. ^ "Private contractors outnumber U.S. troops in Iraq". By T. Christian Miller. Los Angeles Times. July 4, 2007.
  7. ^ a b Roberts, Michelle (2007-02-24). "Contractor deaths add up in Iraq". Associated Press. http://www.deseretnews.com/dn/view/0,1249,660198347,00.html. 
  8. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/29/world/middleeast/29iraq.html?hpw
  9. ^ Bendern, Paul de (2008-02-22). "Turkey launches major land offensive into N.Iraq". Reuters. http://uk.reuters.com/article/homepageCrisis/idUKL22614485._CH_.242020080222. Retrieved 2008-02-22. 
  10. ^ The Brookings Institution Iraq Index: Tracking Variables of Reconstruction & Security in Post-Saddam Iraq October 1, 2007
  11. ^ Ricks, Thomas E.; Ann Scott Tyson (2007-01-11). "Intensified Combat on Streets Likely". Washington Post. p. A01. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/01/10/AR2007011002581_pf.html. 
  12. ^ Pincus, Walter. "Violence in Iraq Called Increasingly Complex". Washington Post, November 17, 2006.
  13. ^ "Toll rises in Turkey-PKK conflict". Al Jazeera. 2008-02-25. http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/3E14DD15-F2D1-4C65-8148-5200DFB3E975.htm. 
  14. ^ http://icasualties.org/Iraq/index.aspx
  15. ^ http://www.defenselink.mil/news/casualty.pdf
  16. ^ http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2003/iraq/forces/casualties/index.html
  17. ^ http://www.defenselink.mil/news/casualty.pdf
  18. ^ http://www.defenselink.mil/news/casualty.pdf
  19. ^ "Ministry of Defence | Fact Sheets | Operations Factsheets | Operations in Iraq: British Fatalities". Mod.uk. http://www.mod.uk/DefenceInternet/FactSheets/OperationsFactsheets/OperationsInIraqBritishFatalities.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-17. 
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  21. ^ http://www.defense.gov/NEWS/casualty.pdf
  22. ^ a b Many official U.S. tables at "Military Casualty Information". See latest totals for injury, disease/other medical. See also: Latest fatality and wounded-in-action totals.
  23. ^ "Casualties in Iraq".
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  27. ^ a b "In outsourced U.S. wars, contractor deaths top 1,000". By Bernd Debusmann. Reuters. July 3, 2007. 10,569 wounded and 933 deaths in Iraq. 224 are U.S. citizens.
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  30. ^ http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=8334
  31. ^ Yigal Schleifer. "Turkey's Army loses luster over PKK attack | csmonitor.com". Csmonitor.com. http://www.csmonitor.com/2008/1017/p06s02-woeu.html. Retrieved 2008-10-27. 
  32. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2003/may/28/usa.iraq
  33. ^ http://axisoflogic.com/artman/publish/Article_56722.shtml
  34. ^ http://tks.nationalreview.com/post/?q=Nzc5YjczMGEzMWJjNzEyNzNkMTBjYTU5YjlmN2UzOTA=
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  38. ^ "US says 11,000 Iraq detainees freed this year - Yahoo! News". News.yahoo.com. http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20080830/wl_mideast_afp/iraqunrestusdetainees_080830064642. Retrieved 2008-09-10. 
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  42. ^ The Human Cost of the War in Iraq: A Mortality Study, 2002-2006PDF (603 KB). By Gilbert Burnham, Shannon Doocy, Elizabeth Dzeng, Riyadh Lafta, and Les Roberts. A supplement to the second Lancet study.
  43. ^ "Iraq Deaths". Just Foreign Policy. http://www.justforeignpolicy.org/iraq. Retrieved 2009-10-17. 
  44. ^ Allawi, Ali (April 2007). The Occupation of Iraq: Winning the War, Losing the Peace (1 ed.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. p. 544. ISBN 0300110154. http://books.google.com/books?id=ptqgNq8xnOAC&printsec=frontcover&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html. Retrieved September 2008. 
  45. ^ Keen, Judy (March 20, 2003). "U.S. begins second Gulf War with a surprise missile strike at Iraq leaders ; Cruise missiles, bombs hit Baghdad site; Bush promises "broad and concerted campaign"". USA Today. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/USAToday/access/311645771.html?dids=311645771:311645771&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Mar+20%2C+2003&author=Judy+Keen+and+Cesar+G.+Soriano&pub=USA+TODAY&desc=U.S.+begins+second+Gulf+War+with+a+surprise+missile+strike+at+Iraq+leaders+%3B+Cruise+missiles%2C+bombs+hit+Baghdad+site%3B+Bush+promises+%27broad+and+concerted+campaign%27&pqatl=google. Retrieved November 18, 2009. 
  46. ^ US Office of Personnel Management
  47. ^ Fox News: Iraq War 6 Years Later: Success But No 'Victory'
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    There is a fundamental difference between relying on incorrect intelligence and deliberately painting a picture to the American people that you know is not fully accurate.
    - Senator John D. (Jay) Rockefeller IV
  57. ^ a b In his remarks to the UN Security Council on 14.2.2003 Hans Blix said on cooperation that "In my 27 January update to the Council, I said that it seemed from our experience that Iraq had decided in principle to provide cooperation on process, most importantly prompt access to all sites and assistance to UNMOVIC in the establishment of the necessary infrastructure. This impression remains and we note that access to sites has so far been without problems." On time remaining until the confirmation of disarmament he said "the period of disarmament through inspection could still be short if immediate, active and unconditional cooperation with UNMOVIC and IAEA were to be forthcoming." United Nations Security Council: 4707th meeting. Friday, 14 February 2003, 10 a.m., New York, New York, USA.
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  63. ^ CNN (September 12, 2002) "White House spells out case against Iraq", "the White House released a report early Thursday, listing some of the principal accusations against Iraq and its leader.... Iraq is also accused of sheltering two Palestinian terrorist organizat