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1922 · members Republic of Ireland members · 1927
Irish general election, 1923
All 153 seats in Dáil Éireann
27 August 1923
First party Second party Third party
William Thomas Cosgrave.jpg Eamon de Valera c 1922-30.jpg
Leader W. T. Cosgrave Éamon de Valera Denis Gorey
Party Cumann na nGaedhael Sinn Féin Farmers' Party
Leader since 1923 1917 1922
Leader's seat Carlow–Kilkenny Clare Carlow–Kilkenny
Last election 58 seats 36 seats 7 seats
Seats won 63 44 15
Seat change +5 +8 +8
Percentage 39.0% 27.4% 12.1%
Fourth party

Leader Thomas Johnson
Party Labour Party
Leader since 1922
Leader's seat Dublin County
Last election 16 seats
Seats won 14
Seat change –2
Percentage 10.6%

Incumbent President of the Executive Council
W. T. Cosgrave
Cumann na nGaedhael

President of the Executive Council-elect
W. T. Cosgrave
Cumann na nGaedhael

The Irish general election of 1923 was held on 27 August 1923. The newly elected members of the 4th Dáil assembled at Leinster House on 19 September when the new President of the Executive Council and Executive Council of the Irish Free State were appointed. The election was held just after the end of the Irish Civil War. Many of the Sinn Féin (or Republican) TDs, who represented the losing, anti-Treaty side, were still imprisoned during and after the election. Cumann na nGaedhael, who represented the winning side in the war, also won the election and formed the government.[1]



4th Irish general election – 27 August 1923[2][3]
Party Leader Seats ±  % of seats First Pref votes  % FPv ±%
Cumann na nGaedhael W. T. Cosgrave 63[4] +5 41.2 409,876 39.0
Sinn Féin Éamon de Valera 44[4] +8 28.7 275,007 27.4
Farmers' Party Denis Gorey 15 +8 9.8 12.1
Labour Party Thomas Johnson 14 –2 9.2 130,654 10.6
Businessmen's Party N/A 3[5] +3 1.9
Independent N/A 14 +4 9.2
Total 153 +25 100 1,053,668 100
  • Cumann na nGaedhael minority government formed.

Most parties made gains, in part because the total number of seats in the Dáil was increased by 25 from 128 to 153. Cumann na nGaedhael were able to form a minority government while Sinn Féin abstained from taking their seats in the Dáil.

Lax electoral practices were tightened up beforehand by the new "The Prevention of Electoral Abuses Act, 1923".[6]

First time TDs

Outgoing TDs

See also


  1. ^ Hopkinson, Michael (1988). Green Against Green: The Irish Civil War. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan. p. 262. ISBN 0717137600. "Despite the absence of many Sinn Féin candidates and workers in jail, the results were surprising good for the Republicans. Cumann na nGaedhael, the newly formed government party, had 63 candidates elected, compared with 44 Republicans."  
  2. ^ "4th Dáil 1923 General Election". Retrieved 5 April 2009.  
  3. ^ "Dáil elections since 1918". ARK Northern Ireland. Retrieved 13 April 2009.  
  4. ^ a b Cumann na nGaedhael's results are compared with those of the Pro-Treaty faction of Sinn Féin in the previous general election. Results given for Sinn Féin here are compared to those won by the Anti-Treaty faction in the previous election.
  5. ^ Andrew O'Shaughnessy was elected under the label of Cork Progressive Association, a group associated with the Businessmen's Party.
  6. ^ "The Prevention of Electoral Abuses Act, 1923". Office of the Attorney General of Ireland. Retrieved 5 April 2009.  


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