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Atheists, agnostics and nonreligious, by the Dentsu Institute (2006) and Zuckerman (2005)[1]
Importance of religion by the Gallup Poll (2006-2008)[2]
Importance of religion by the Pew Research Center (2002)[3]
Gallup Religiosity Index 2009[4]

Irreligion is an absence of, indifference towards, and/or hostility towards religion.[5] Depending on the context, it may be understood as referring to atheism, deism, nontheism, agnosticism, ignosticism, antireligion, skepticism, freethought, or secular humanism. Irreligious people may have convictions equal in depth to those of religious adherents. For instance, followers of the life stance of Humanism may regard themselves as just as deeply believing in their life stance as corresponding to any religious belief.

Although people classified as irreligious might not follow any religion, not all are necessarily without belief in the supernatural or in deities; such a person may be a non-religious/non-practicing theist or even an agnostic theist.[citation needed] In particular, those who associate organized religion with negative qualities, but still hold spiritual beliefs, might describe themselves as irreligious or agnostic theist.

List of countries by Irreligion

The Gallup poll has the most broad definition of irreligion: the question "Is religion important" was asked; the "no" answer is represented below. Dentsu Communication Institute provides data for respondents, who stated they have "no religion". Phil Zuckerman uses the strictest definition, citing "atheist and agnostic" proportion numbers. The numbers come from different years, and might not be accurate for countries with governments that require or urge religion or secularism.

Country Gallup[6] (2007-2008) Dentsu[7] (2006) Zuckerman[8] (2005)
 China 93% 8 – 14%
 Estonia 84% 76% 49%
 Sweden 83% 25% 46 – 85%
 Denmark 80% 10% 43 – 80%
 Hong Kong 78%
 Norway 78% 31 – 72%
 Azerbaijan 74%
 Czech Republic 74% 64% 54 – 61%
 France 73% 43% 43 – 54%
 Japan 73% 52% 64 – 65%
 United Kingdom 71% 31 – 44%
 Finland 69% 12% 28 – 60%
 Mongolia 69% 9%
 Australia 68% 24 – 25%
 Netherlands 66% 55% 39 – 44%
 New Zealand 66% 20 – 22%
 Belarus 65% 48% 17%
 Cuba 64% 7%
 Russia 63% 48% 24 – 48%
 Albania 62% 8%
 Bulgaria 62% 30% 34 – 40%
 Latvia 62% 41% 20 – 29%
 Belgium 61% 35% 42 – 43%
 Vietnam 61% 46% 81%
 Hungary 59% 43% 32 – 46%
 Slovenia 59% 30% 35 – 38%
 Spain 59% 16% 15 – 24%
 Taiwan 58% 24%
 Germany 57% 25% 41 – 49%
 Uruguay 57% 12%
 Switzerland 56% 17 – 27%
 Canada 55% 26% 19 – 30%
 South Korea 54% 37% 30 – 52%
 Ukraine 54% 42% 20%
 Lithuania 52% 19% 13%
 Slovakia 51% 23% 10 – 28%
 Israel 50% 15 – 37%
 Singapore 49% 13%
 Montenegro 48%
 Serbia 45%
 Kazakhstan 43% 11 – 12%
 Austria 42% 12% 18 – 26%
 Ireland 42% 7%
 Uzbekistan 37%
 Argentina 36% 13% 4 – 8%
 Chile 29% 34%
 Belize 33%
 United States 33% 20% 3 – 9%
 Kyrgyzstan 31% 7%
 Moldova 31%
 Venezuela 31% 27%
 Croatia 30% 13% 7%
 Greece 30% 4% 16%
 Luxembourg 30%
 Armenia 29% 14%
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 29%
 Jamaica 29%
 Mexico 29% 21%
 Portugal 27% 11% 4 – 9%
 Italy 26% 18% 6 – 15%
 Kosovo 26%
 Cyprus 24%
 Iceland 4% 16 – 23%
 Poland 23% 5%
 Botswana 22%
 Georgia 22%
 Haiti 21%
 Tajikistan 21%
 Macedonia 20%
 Trinidad and Tobago 19%
 Romania 18% 2%
 Zimbabwe 18%
 Dominican Republic 17% 7%
 Ecuador 17%
 India 17% 7%
 Iraq 17%
 Nicaragua 17%
 Iran 16% 1%
United Kingdom Northern Ireland 16%
 Costa Rica 15%
 El Salvador 15%
 Kuwait 15%
 Malaysia 14%
 North Korea 15%
 Peru 14% 5%
 Lebanon 13%
 Puerto Rico 13% 11%
 Bolivia 12%
 Brazil 12%
 Burkina Faso 12%
 Colombia 12%
 South Africa 12% 11%
 Algeria 11%
 Cambodia 11%
 Guatemala 11%
 Honduras 11%
 Panama 11%
 Philippines 5% 11%
 Togo 11%
 Ethiopia 10%
 Rwanda 10%
 Mozambique 9%
 Palestinian Authority 9%
 Paraguay 9%
 Turkey 9% 3%
 Burundi 8%
 Namibia 8%
 Tunisia 8%
 Uganda 8% 1%
 Angola 7%
 Chad 7%
 Ghana 7%
 Madagascar 7%
 Nepal 7%
 Benin 6%
 Cameroon 6%
 Central African Republic 6%
 Liberia 6%
 Serbia and Montenegro 6%
 Mali 5%
 Mauritania 5%
 Nigeria 5% 1%
 Jordan 4%
 Kenya 4%
 Sudan 4%
 Thailand 4%
 Yemen 4%
 Afghanistan 3%
 Guinea 3%
 Laos 3%
 Myanmar 3%
 Niger 3%
 Pakistan 3%
 Saudi Arabia 3%
 Zambia 3%
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2%
 Djibouti 2%
 Malawi 2%
 Morocco 2%
 Senegal 2%
 Sierra Leone 2%
 Tanzania 2% 2%
 United Arab Emirates 2%
 Bangladesh 1%
 Indonesia 1%
 Malta 1%
 Sri Lanka 1%
 Egypt 0%

See also

References

  1. ^ Based on the data of the Dentsu Communication Institute and the data of Zuckerman. Largest values taken.
  2. ^ In 2006, 2007, and 2008, Gallup asked representative samples in 143 countries and territories whether religion was an important part of their daily lives. This map is based on the results, and shows religiosity by country, ranging from the least religious to the most religious on a relative basis. Data from 2009 Gallup poll.
  3. ^ Pew Research Center Report, 2002[1]
  4. ^ The Religiosity Index is a measure of the importance of religion for respondents and their self-reported attendance of religious services. For religions in which attendance at services is limited, care must be used in interpreting the data. (Gallup WorldView)
  5. ^ Irreligion. Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. (accessed: December 14, 2008).
  6. ^ GALLUP WorldView - data accessed on 17 january 2009
  7. ^ Dentsu Communication Institute 電通総研・日本リサーチセンター編「世界60カ国価値観データブック (Japanese)
  8. ^ The Largest Atheist / Agnostic Populations Zuckerman, 2005
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