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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Irun
—  Municipality  —
Irún
Irún City Hall

Coat of arms
Motto: Vigilantiae Custos
Irun is located in Spain
Irun
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 43°20′16.13″N 1°47′19.72″W / 43.3378139°N 1.7888111°W / 43.3378139; -1.7888111Coordinates: 43°20′16.13″N 1°47′19.72″W / 43.3378139°N 1.7888111°W / 43.3378139; -1.7888111
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  País Vasco
Province Guipúzcoa
Comarca Bidasoa (region)
Founded 28 February 1776
Government
 - Alcalde José Antonio Santano Clavero (2007) (PSE-EE)
Area
 - Total 42.40 km2 (16.4 sq mi)
Elevation 20 m (66 ft)
Highest elevation 825 m (2,707 ft)
Lowest elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2008)
 - Total 61,419
 - Density 1,448.6/km2 (3,751.8/sq mi)
 - Demonym irunés, irunesa, irundarra
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 20300-20305
Official language(s)
Website Official website

Irun (old Basque for 'fortified town', Spanish: Irún) is a town of the Bidasoa-Txingudi region in the province of Guipúzcoa (Basque: Gipuzkoa) in the Basque Autonomous Community, Spain. Nowadays it is widely accepted by the historic researcher community that Irun is the ancient Basque Roman town of Oiasso on account of the vestiges (port, factory, etc.) disclosed lately in the historic nucleus of Irun, while the name itself may have applied to the whole surrounding area.

One of the biggest towns in Guipúzcoa, its border town situation (it is located on the border between Spain and France, across the Bidasoa river from Hendaye), has made Irun into a commercial and logistic centre, with important railway infrastructure, where the SNCF 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge rails meet the 1,668 mm (5 ft 556 in) broad gauge Renfe ones. The city is usually used to cross from France to Spain by ETA guerrillas. Currently Irun features a fair ground provided with modern exhibition and telecommunication facilities just at some 100 metres away from the actual borderline at the Santiago Bridge (river Bidasoa).

Irun is part of the conurbation of Txingudi bay with Hondarribia and Hendaye, the town being also involved in the Eurocité Basque Bayonne-San Sebastián.

One of its main festivals is the Alarde, a parade recreating an episode of the Peninsula War.

People from Irun

External links

Junkaleko Andre Maria church, Irun.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

IRUN, a frontier town of northern Spain, in the province of Guipuzcoa, on the left bank of the river Bidassoa, opposite the French village of Hendaye. Pop. (1900) 9912. Irun is the northern terminus of the Spanish Northern railway, and a thriving industrial town, with ironworks, tan-yards, potteries and paper mills. Its principal buildings are the fine Renaissance parish church and the fortress-like 17th-century town hall. It derives its prosperity from the fact that it is the most important custom-house in Spain for the overland trade with the rest of Europe. Irun is also on the chief highway for travellers and mails. It is the terminus of some important narrow-gauge mining railways and steam tramways, which place it in communication with the mining districts of Guipuzcoa and Navarre, and with the valuable oak, pine and beech forests of both provinces. There are hot mineral springs in the town.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Norwegian

Proper noun

Irun

  1. A female given name

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