|Jurassic Park film series|
Jurassic Park Adventure Pack
|Directed by||Steven Spielberg (Jurassic Park & The Lost World: Jurassic Park)
Joe Johnston (Jurassic Park III)
|Written by||Michael Crichton (Jurassic Park & The Lost World)
Malia Scotch Marmo (Jurassic Park)
David Koepp (Jurassic Park & The Lost World)
Alexander Payne (Jurassic Park III)
Peter Buchman (Jurassic Park III)
Jim Taylor(Jurassic Park III)
|Music by||John Williams (Jurassic Park & The Lost World)
Don Davis (Jurassic Park III)
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Release date(s)||1993 - present|
The Jurassic Park franchise is a series of books, films and video centering on a disastrous attempt to create a theme park of cloned dinosaurs. It began in 1990 when Universal Studios bought the rights to the novel by Michael Crichton before it was even published.
The book was very successful, as was the 1993 film adaptation which led to two sequels, although the last was not based on a novel, as the previous films were. The software developers Ocean Software, BlueSky Software and Sega of America have had the rights to developing video games since the 1993 film, and numerous games have been produced.
Currently a fourth feature film is in the works, but it has been lingering in development hell since a year after the third film. Many rumors have surrounded the project since it was first reported, many surrounding plot and script ideas, and new logos. Recently in November 2009, Joe Johnston, the director of Jurassic Park III, stated that the fourth film will have a different plot than the other three films.
Michael Crichton originally conceived a screenplay around a pterosaur being cloned from fossil DNA. After wrestling with this idea for a while, he came up with Jurassic Park. Steven Spielberg learned of the novel in October 1989 while he and Crichton were discussing a screenplay that would become the TV series ER. Before the book was published, Crichton put up a non-negotiable fee for $1.5 million as well as a substantial percentage of the gross. Warner Bros. and Tim Burton, Columbia Tristar and Richard Donner, and 20th Century Fox and Joe Dante also bid for the rights, Universal further paid Crichton $500,000 to adapt his own novel, but Universal eventually acquired them in May 1990 for Spielberg. Universal desperately needed money to keep their company alive, and partially succeeded with Jurassic Park, as it became a critical and commercial success.
After Jurassic Park was released to home video, Crichton was pressured from many sources for a sequel novel. Crichton declined all offers until Spielberg himself told him that he would be keen to direct a movie adaptation of the sequel, if one were written. Crichton began work almost immediately. After the novel was published in 1995, The Lost World: Jurassic Park began production in September 1996.
Before the production of the second film, Joe Johnston approached Steven Spielberg about directing the project. While Spielberg wanted to direct the first sequel, he agreed that if there was ever a third film, Johnston could direct. Production began on August 30, 2000.
Jurassic Park stemmed from the idea of a screenplay about cloning a pterosaur from fossilized DNA. Michael Crichton worked on the idea for several years; he decided his first draft would have a theme park for the setting and a young boy as the main character. Response was extremely negative, so Crichton rewrote the story to make it from an adult's point of view, which went over much better.
A sequel novel began production after readers and Steven Spielberg himself pressured Michael Crichton for a sequel novel. Michael Crichton confirmed that his novel had elements taken from Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's novel of the same name. The book was also an outstanding success, both with professional and amateur critics. A film adaptation was released in 1997.
From June 1993 to August 1997 the now-defunct Topps Comics published adaptions of the first two movies and several non-canon Jurassic Park comics. Those were:
Jurassic Park is a 1993 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. The film centers on the island of Isla Nublar, where scientists have created an amusement park of cloned dinosaurs. John Hammond (Richard Attenborough) invites a group of scientists, played by Sam Neill, Jeff Goldblum and Laura Dern, to visit the park. Sabotage sets the dinosaurs on the loose, and technicians and visitors attempt to escape the island.
Development of the film began before the novel was even published, and Crichton was hired to contribute to a script that cut much of its story. Spielberg hired Stan Winston Studios' puppets and worked with Industrial Light & Magic to develop cutting-edge CGI to portray the dinosaurs. Jurassic Park was well received by critics, although they criticized the characterization. During its release, the film grossed $914 million, becoming the most successful film yet released, and it is currently the 11th-highest grossing feature film, significantly inspiring a new breed of films that primarily used CGI for special effects. The film was followed by The Lost World: Jurassic Park in 1997 and by Jurassic Park III in 2001, with Jurassic Park IV in "development hell".
The Lost World: Jurassic Park is a 1997 science fiction film and sequel to Jurassic Park directed by Steven Spielberg, loosely based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. After the success of the first film, fans and critics alike pressured Michael Crichton for a sequel novel. Having never done one before, Crichton originally declined, but when Steven Spielberg finally started pressuring Crichton, a sequel novel was announced. As soon as the novel was published, a film was in pre-production, with a target release date of mid-1997. The film was a commercial success, breaking many box-office records when released. The film had mixed reviews, similar to its predecessor in terms of characterization. Although the film is said to be based on Crichton's novel exactly one scene from the book was actually used in the movie.
The film centers on the island of Isla Sorna, an auxiliary site for the main Jurassic Park island, where dinosaurs have taken over and live in the wild. Ian Malcolm leads a team to document the dinosaurs in their native habitat, while an InGen team attempts to capture them for a second Jurassic Park in San Diego.
Jurassic Park III is a 2001 science fiction film and sequel to The Lost World: Jurassic Park. It is the first in the series not to be based on a book by Michael Crichton or directed by Steven Spielberg. Originally, a third Jurassic Park film was produced under the title Jurassic Park: Extinction, with the script involving a killer disease that threatened to wipe out the dinosaurs on both islands. After numerous script changes, Universal decided to drop the idea in favor of the current plot, with the title Jurassic Park III. Although the idea was dropped, it was to be reused for Jurassic Park IV.
Joe Johnston had been interested in directing the sequel to Jurassic Park and approached his friend Steven Spielberg about the project. While Spielberg wanted to direct the first sequel, he agreed that if there was ever a third film, Johnston could direct. Spielberg, nevertheless, stayed involved in this film by becoming its executive producer. Production began on August 30, 2000 with filming in California, Oahu, and Molokai. The film was a moderate success, and had mixed reviews from critics. Most were split on whether the third installment was better or worse than its predecessor. The film once again suffered reviews of little to no characterization.
No character who was in the second film appears in this one, although Sam Neill and Laura Dern from the original installment return. The setting takes place on Isla Sorna, the island from the second film, after a couple hires Dr. Alan Grant to help them find their son, Eric. But their plane crashes on the Island, and the survivors attempt to escape the island, while being stalked by a Spinosaurus and Velociraptors.
In June 2002, director Steven Spielberg told Starlog magazine that he planned to produce Jurassic Park IV and that director Joe Johnston, who helmed Jurassic Park III, would direct it. In November 2002, screenwriter William Monahan was hired to write, with the film's release slated for summer 2005. In July 2003, Monahan completed the first draft, with the story no longer set in the jungle. Actor Sam Neill said he was returning as Dr. Alan Grant, with filming expected to begin in 2004 in California and Hawaii. In September 2004, screenwriter John Sayles was re-writing the script, with the film re-slated for a winter 2005 release.
In October 2004, paleontologist Jack Horner said he would return as technical adviser for the fourth film as he had done for previous Jurassic Park films. By April 2005, special effects artist Stan Winston explained that the delay in production was due to repeated revisions of the film's script, none of which satisfied Spielberg. According to Winston, "He felt neither of [the drafts] balanced the science and adventure elements effectively. It's a tough compromise to reach, as too much science will make the movie too talky, but too much adventure will make it seem hollow." In February 2006, producer Frank Marshall said a "good script" had been completed and filming would begin in 2007 for a 2008 release. In March 2007, Sam Neill said he was not asked to reprise his role as Dr. Alan Grant, while Laura Dern was asked to return for the new film, which Universal still wanted to release by 2008. Director Joe Johnston was also reported not to be directing the film. Richard Attenborough has been contacted about reprising the role of John Hammond. Jeff Goldblum has expressed some interest in reprising his role for the fourth film.
In December 2008, Frank Marshall and Kathleen Kennedy were asked if there was any development on the sequel. Kennedy responded, "No... I don't know. You know, when Michael Crichton passed away, I sorta felt maybe that's it. Maybe that's a sign that we don't mess with it." While Marshall and Kennedy were no longer signed with Universal Pictures in a production capacity, the two will remain involved with the studio and its plans for Jurassic Park IV. In November 2009, Joe Johnston discussed the possibility of Jurassic Park IV, stating that the story for the film is completely different from that of its predecessors and would take the franchise into a whole other trilogy.
Jurassic Park III director, Joe Johnston, revealed in an interview in January 2010 that Jurassic Park IV was set to be the beginning of a second Jurassic Park trilogy. He also added, “Jurassic Park 4 is going to be unlike anything you’ve seen.” According to a new interview conducted in 2010 by Drew McWeeny with Joe Johnston on the website Behind the Films, a new script is under works with a different idea behind it. Johnston says once he finishes Captain America, he hopefully will develop Jurassic Park IV with Steven Spielberg.
|Jurassic Park||The Lost World: Jurassic Park||Jurassic Park III|
|Alan Grant||Sam Neill||Sam Neill|
|Ellie Sattler||Laura Dern||Laura Dern|
|Ian Malcolm||Jeff Goldblum|
|John Hammond||Richard Attenborough|
|Tim Murphy||Joseph Mazzello|
|Lex Murphy||Ariana Richards|
|Donald Gennaro||Martin Ferrero|
|Robert Muldoon||Bob Peck|
|Ray Arnold||Samuel L. Jackson|
|Dennis Nedry||Wayne Knight|
|Sara Harding||Julianne Moore|
|Nick Van Owen||Vince Vaughn|
|Eddie Carr||Richard Schiff|
|Peter Ludlow||Arliss Howard|
|Roland Tembo||Pete Postlethwaite|
|Kelly Malcolm||Vanessa Lee Chester|
|Dieter Stark||Peter Stormare|
|Paul Kirby||William H. Macy|
|Amanda Kirby||Tea Leoni|
|Eric Kirby||Trevor Morgan|
|Billy Brennan||Alessandro Nivola|
|Nash||Bruce A. Young|
While the films portray a wide variety of dinosaurs, the books include several species (either seen on-screen or mentioned as having been cloned) that do not appear in the Jurassic Park films. This excludes Jurassic Park III, as the plot was not adapted from a novel. The dinosaurs Ceratosaurus, Brachiosaurus, Spinosaurus, Ankylosaurus, Corythosaurus and Mamenchisaurus are not mentioned in the novel series.
Isla Nublar is the fictional island in the book and film version of Jurassic Park. Its name is intended to mean "Cloudy Island" in Spanish. In the story, it is said to be 120 miles (190 km) off the coast of Costa Rica, and the island measures 8 miles (13 km) long and 3 miles (4.8 km) wide at the widest point, For the film, Spielberg used the island of Kauai as a stand in for Isla Nublar.
In popular culture, the island was recreated with animatronic dinosaurs and rides as one of the five "Islands of Adventure" at the Universal theme park in Florida. Universal Studios Hollywood features "the Isla Nublar Jurassic Band near the entrance to Jurassic Park."
Isla Sorna, also known as "Site B", is another fictional island that is seen in the book and film version of The Lost World and the film Jurassic Park III. Isla Sorna is the opposite of Isla Nublar and its amusement park setup in that it is solely a laboratory and research centre, where dinosaurs are hatched and reared before being moved to Isla Nublar as juveniles. The island is eighty-seven miles from Isla Nublar, and is located approximately 207 miles off the coast of Costa Rica. For the film version of The Lost World, Jody Duncan and Don Shay said, "Eureka and New Zealand were intended to provide most of the rich and forested Isla Sorna exteriors." In reviewing the book, Rob DeSalle and David Lindley write that "Crichton depicts the Velociraptors' lair as something out of the movie Animal House.
|Film||Release date||Box office revenue||Box office ranking||Budget||Reference|
|United States||Foreign||Worldwide||All time domestic||All time worldwide|
|Jurassic Park||June 11, 1993||$357,067,947||$557,623,171||$914,691,118||#14
|The Lost World: Jurassic Park||May 23, 1997||$229,086,679||$389,552,320||$618,638,999||#67
|Jurassic Park III||July 18, 2001||$181,171,875||$187,608,934||$368,780,809||#120||#139||$93,000,000|||
|Overall||Cream of the Crop|
|Jurassic Park||84% (37 reviews)||90% (10 reviews)||78% (20 reviews)|
|The Lost World: Jurassic Park||48% (58 reviews)||42% (12 reviews)||59% (18 reviews)|
|Jurassic Park III||49% (154 reviews)||30% (30 reviews)||49% (30 reviews)|
Ever since the announcement of the 1993 Jurassic Park feature film, developers Ocean Software, BlueSky Software and Sega of America were licensed to produce games to be sold to coincide with the release of the film on the popular platforms of the time.
Ocean Software released video games based on the 1993 film for NES, Super NES, Game Boy, PC:DOS, and Amiga. Sega of America released three games for Sega systems. Each game became substantial sellers, and spawned a second generation of video games for SNES and Game Boy. For the second film in the franchise, DreamWorks Interactive released 5 games for the most popular systems at the time. The third film had the biggest marketing push, spawning seven video games for PC and Game Boy Advance. A number of lightgun arcade games were also released for all three films.
There was also a game available for the PlayStation 2, Xbox and PC called Jurassic Park: Operation Genesis where the goal of the game was to create and manage their own version of Jurassic Park, in a manner somewhat similar to the Zoo Tycoon games.