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Muslims performing salah (prayer)
.Islam (Arabic: About this sound الإسلام; al-'islām ) is a monotheistic Abrahamic religion originating with the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure.^ It is believed that "al-llah" in Muhammad's time before Islam referred to a vague moon god and that Muhammad believed that al-Uzza was a daughter of this "al-llah".
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is not Islam, but those who interpret its teachings, that are responsible for many misunderstandings as with other religions.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact, Allah often changed his mind/teachings to suit Muhammad's schedule of plunder, murder and political intrigue.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.The word Islam means "submission", or the total surrender of oneself to God (Arabic: [[Allah|الله, Allāh]]).^ Abd Allāh" means "slave of Allah".
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the word Huma , hu represents spirit, and the word mah in Arabic means water.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Islam claims that Allah is the same God who was revealed in the Bible.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.An adherent of Islam is known as a Muslim, meaning "one who submits (to God)".[1][2] There are approximately 1.61 billion Muslims,[3] making Islam the second-largest religion in the world, after Christianity.^ There is only one God (Deut.
  • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is only one true God.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is only one God and one baptism.

[4]
.Muslims believe that God revealed the Qur'an to Muhammad, God's final prophet, and regard the Qur'an and the Sunnah (words and deeds of Muhammad) as the fundamental sources of Islam.^ Muhammad begins to believe he is a messenger of god.

^ Then the Qur'an was revealed and they learnt from the Qur'an and they learnt from the Sunnah.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ We believe the revealed truth of God instead.
  • The real God is HOLY [Archive] - Lebanese Forces Official Forums 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC www.lebanese-forces.org [Source type: Original source]

[5] .They do not regard Muhammad as the founder of a new religion, but as the restorer of the original monotheistic faith of Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets.^ Or for Christians to kill Jesus, for Muslims to kill Muhammad, for Jews to kill Moses, for Taoists to kill Lao Tzu, for Sikhs to kill Guru Nanak, or for adherents of any other religion to kill the founder or current leader?
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Jesus said; "If I had not done among them the works which none other man did, they had not had sin: but now have they both seen and hated both me and my Father."
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Gordon Lewis, Founder of Evangelical Ministries to New Religions/ EMNR ) - 604:33 .
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

.Islamic tradition holds that Jews and Christians distorted the texts God gave to these prophets by either altering the text, using a false interpretation, or both.^ Of course there is tradition with these gods!

^ Christians and Jews in Muhammad's time treated Muhammad as a False Prophet: .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "He owes both Jews and Christians an apology."
  • In Good Faith: Judaism - A blog for news and discussion on matters of faith - baltimoresun.com 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC weblogs.baltimoresun.com [Source type: General]

[6]
.Islam includes many religious practices.^ Like many people in Western society, I have an interest in Buddhism, not for its religious claims, but for its practical and life-supporting philosophies and authentic practices.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Other practices that were adopted into Islam include: And complete the Hajj or 'umra in the service of Allah .

^ Another error which many religious people practice is the veneration and adoration of Mary, the mother of Jesus.
  • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

.Adherents are generally required to observe the Five Pillars of Islam, which are five duties that unite Muslims into a community.^ In his work Muqaddimah, he notes that "in the Muslim community, the holy war is a religious duty, because of the universalism of the Muslim mission and (the obligation to) convert everybody to Islam either by persuasion or by force."
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In June 1991, Siraj Wahaj, a Black convert to Islam, and a recipient of the American Muslim Communities highest honors, delivered the daily prayer at the U.S. House of Representatives.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The document required that each student choose one of five state-sanctioned religions when registering – Muslim, Hindu, Buddhist, Catholic or Protestant.
  • Was Barack Obama a Muslim? :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: General]

[7] .In addition to the Five Pillars, Islamic law (sharia) has developed a tradition of rulings that touch on virtually all aspects of life and society.^ The complex religion that people developed later, with all its trappings, incorporating the experiences and beliefs of those that came after Buddha, is a human attempt to translate Buddha’s teachings into a basis for society (that was rooted in Hindu traditions) and the life of the ordinary human being who needs images and rituals as part of his life.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Topics such as the Koran, the Pillars of Islam, the influence of Sharia, and traditional Muslim festivals and holy sites are addressed.

^ The key is basing ones existence on the 10th life state, Enlightenment, which allows all nine lower life states, such as Hell, to express their enlightened aspect.

This tradition encompasses everything from practical matters like dietary laws and banking to warfare.[8]
.Despite the Qur'an ordaining that Muslims are not to be divided into divisions or sections[Qur'an 3:103] there are two major denominations of Islam, the Sunni and Shi'a.^ In Islam, theologians divide the Qur'an into the Meccan and Medinan suras.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Bible is divided into two major divisions, the Old Testament and the New Testament.
  • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Hades is divided into two portions (Lk.
  • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

.The schism developed in the late 7th century following disagreements over the religious and political leadership of the Muslim community.^ Beirut: Dar Iqra, 1984 [ important scrutiny of the notion of Community and its relation with political authority in classical Muslim experience ].

^ Both political and religious thinkers found the economic, political, and social backwardness of Muslim countries unacceptable and blamed the colonial powers for these shortcomings.

^ I think much of what has come from the religious community has put us on our heels for centuries, always fighting a defensive battle.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Roughly 85 percent of Muslims are Sunni and 15 percent are Shi'a.^ Sunni , one of two major branches of Islam, comprises an 85 percent majority of Muslims.

^ The vast majority of Muslims around the world (about 85 percent) identify themselves as 'Sunni'.

^ Shiah, one of two major branches of Islam, comprises a 15 percent minority of Muslims.

.Islam is the predominant religion throughout the Middle East, as well as in parts of Africa and Asia.^ Across the Middle East women are demanding their rights, challenging the interpretations of religion.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He has reported from Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America and the Middle East, traveling most recently to Syria and Jordan to write about the Iraqi refugee crisis.
  • In Good Faith: Judaism - A blog for news and discussion on matters of faith - baltimoresun.com 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC weblogs.baltimoresun.com [Source type: General]

^ To parry an obvious move, militant Islam is not a religion but a political atavism that we understand only too well already.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Large communities are also found in China, the Balkan Peninsula in Eastern Europe and Russia. .There are also large Muslim immigrant communities in wealthier and more developed parts of the world such as Western Europe.^ World A specified part of the earth: the Western World.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ YOU: "But you are missing the point that cheating is complex and there are probably things married people can do to decrease the chances of it by communicating, and looking at conflicts in their marriage more honestly" .
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We close our eyes to the big problems in our own part of the world with pathetic policies that promote more problems and more pathetic policies.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.About 20 percent of Muslims live in Arab countries.^ Reports of this kind coming out of the Muslim communities living in the West should worry us, before anything else about religion worries us.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Between 2003-2005, roughly 1 million Muslims converted to Christianity in Arab countries.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No we are not; we are talking about justice for breaking God’s laws, for in theory justice should be sought when someone breaks a law of the land or country in which they live otherwise you live in anarchy.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[9]

Contents

Etymology and meaning

.The word Islām is derived from the Arabic verb Aslama, which means to accept, surrender or submit.^ Islam is derived from the root word taslim, which means submission or surrender.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the word Huma , hu represents spirit, and the word mah in Arabic means water.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Arabic word "Islam" means the submission or surrender of one's will to the only true god worthy of worship "Allah" and anyone who does so is termed a "Muslim", The word also implies "peace" which is the natural consequence of total submission to the will of Allah.
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

.Thus, Islam means acceptance of and submission to God, and believers must demonstrate this by worshiping him, following his commands, and avoiding polytheism.^ Old Testament : God commands His people to worship Him alone.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ OLD TESTAMENT God commanded His people to worship Him alone.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

.The word is given a number of meanings in the Qur'an.^ Book 001, Number 0331: Al-Shaibani narrated on the authority of Zirr who narrated it on this authority of Abdullah that the (words of Allah):" The heart belied not what he saw" (al Qur'an, Iiii.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Book 001, Number 0335: It is narrated on the authority of Ibn Abbas that the words:" The heart belied not what he saw" (al-Qur'an, Iiii.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Book 001, Number 0333: It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the (words of Allah):" And certainly he saw him in another descent" (al-Qur'an, Iiii.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

In some verses (ayat), the quality of Islam as an internal conviction is stressed: "Whomsoever God desires to guide, He expands his breast to Islam."[10] Other verses connect islām and dīn (usually translated as "religion"): "Today, I have perfected your religion (dīn) for you; I have completed My blessing upon you; I have approved Islam for your religion."[11] Still others describe Islam as an action of returning to God—more than just a verbal affirmation of faith.[12]

Articles of faith

.According to the Qur'an all Muslims have to believe in God, his revelations, his angels, his messengers, and in the "Day of Judgment".[13] Also, there are other beliefs that differ between particular sects.^ Muhammad begins to believe he is a messenger of god.

^ This is the difference between night and day.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Is there or is there not compulsion in religion according to the Qur'an?

.The Sunni concept of predestination is called divine decree,[14] while the Shi'a version is called divine justice.^ The conception of god rises from a divine faculty of man, unshared with the rest of our world the faculty we call imagination.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And then after talking about their affairs, added: They (such people) claim that there is no such thing as Divine Decree and events are not predestined.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

Unique to the Shi'a is the doctrine of Imamah, or the political and spiritual leadership of the Imams.[15]
.Muslims believe that God revealed his final message to humanity through the Islamic prophet Muhammad via the angel Gabriel.^ Muhammad begins to believe he is a messenger of god.

^ They believed that the knowledge was revealed to them from God."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They believed that the knowledge was revealed to them from God.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.For them, Muhammad was God's final prophet and the Qur'an is the revelations he received over more than two decades.^ His argument is more than a denial of God.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad received the initial Qur'an in a Cave: .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Doing so has made me an unbeliever in God and I can no more “believe” in God than I can believe I am a dog or cat.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[16] .In Islam, prophets are men selected by God to be his messengers.^ He (the narrator) said: At that time he (the Holy Prophet) said: I bear testimony to the fact that there is no god but Allah, and I am His messenger.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ He (the Holy Prophet) said: He who testifies that there is no god but Allah and I am the messenger of Allah would not enter Hell or its (flames) would not consume him.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Upon this he (the Holy Prophet) observed: If anyone testifies (sincerely from his heart) that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His bondsman and His messenger, Allah immuned him from Hell.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Muslims believe that prophets are human and not divine, though some are able to perform miracles to prove their claim.^ Some even claim to have experienced some mystical experience or minor miracle first hand.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Though that was good enough for me, I knew no one else would believe me without at least some natural support for what I'd learned spiritually.

^ Rather, the atheist considers what is and what is not, what does and does not occur and only then makes statements as to what God would or should do, knowing that those things do not occur (this is all generally speaking since, for example, the atheist would claim that God does not perform miracles even though God does so).
  • Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC creation.com [Source type: Original source]

.Islamic prophets are considered to be the closest to perfection of all humans, and are uniquely the recipients of divine revelation—either directly from God or through angels.^ God made all human ills.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "It is through the Shekhinah that humans can experience the Divine...
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Faith (Shahada) Expressed through the fundamental statement of faith: “There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is His prophet.” Prayer (Salat) Praying 5 times a day in a prescribed manner Charity (Zakat) All things belong to God, and wealth is therefore held by human beings in trust.

[17] .Islamic theology says that all of God's messengers since Adam preached the message of Islam—submission to the will of the one God.^ One God, universal message" .
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Peter says all of this comes from God.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After all no one would ever think of taking harmless musings of god and mind powers and turn them in to a religion(s), would they?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Islam is described in the Qur'an as "the primordial nature upon which God created mankind",[18] and the Qur'an states that the proper name Muslim was given by Abraham.^ The encyclopaedia of Islam : Index of proper names.

^ The name for Jesus in the Qur'an is given as "Issa."
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Once the URO is created, they predict, it will be given the task of creating a ' New Covenant ' for the planet: "'The URO...will discern the nature of that covenant, and with it the responsibilities, rather than the rights, of planetary citizenship.'
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

[19]
.As a historical phenomenon, Islam originated in Arabia in the early 7th century.^ It is here that the origins of Gnosticism as a historical phenomenon are to be found, and it is here that Jew and Christian are at one."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sufism , a third important sect of Islam, originated in the early eighth century.

^ Jafri, Husain M. Origins and early development of Shi'a Islam.

[20] .Islamic texts depict Judaism and Christianity as prophetic successor traditions to the teachings of Abraham.^ The Holy Scriptures and Sacred Tradition of the Christian Church has never even remotely taught that Jesus predicted the coming of a prophet after Him.

^ Arberry, A. J. Aspects of Islamic civilization, as depicted in the original texts.

^ Studying the life of Muhammad shows he was influenced by a number of religious teachings; Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and the local pagan deity of the half moon.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Qur'an calls Jews and Christians "People of the Book" (ahl al-kitāb), and distinguishes them from polytheists.^ Book 001, Number 0399: Abu Huraira reported: When this verse was revealed:" And warn thy nearest kindred (al-Qur'an, xxvi.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The evidence is incredibly solid that Jesus of Nazareth did exist, that the books we call the Bible were remarkably preserved and that extraordinary events promoted the rise and spread of Christianity.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Jews and the Christians for friends; they are friends of each other; and whoever amongst you takes them for a friend, then surely he is one of them; surely Allah does not guide the unjust people."
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Muslims believe that parts of the previously revealed scriptures, the Tawrat (Torah) and the Injil (Gospels), had become distorted—either in interpretation, in text, or both.^ The fact that Muhammad and Allah told Muslims to believe in the Torah and Christian Gospels is a very bad dilemma for these professionals who wish to continue making a good living in Islam.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This clearly contradicts all 4 Gospels (Injil) which Muhammad confirmed in the as the revealed word of God in the Qur'an itself.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He composed his own scriptures (the Quran) based on the Torah, the canonical Gospels, gnostic gospels (also called pseudepigrapha ), and Arabian pagan customs.

[6]

God

.Islam's fundamental theological concept is tawhīd—the belief that there is only one God.^ I contend that there is only one.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is only One who does.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is only one God by nature, .
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Arabic term for God is Allāh; most scholars believe it was derived from a contraction of the words al- (the) and Template:ArabDIN (deity, masculine form), meaning "the God" (Template:ArabDIN), but others trace its origin to the Aramaic Alāhā.^ "This is the meaning of the parable: The seed is the word of God.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Arabic word Qamara means Moon and NUR means LIGHT. Al-Qamara means The Moon.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By "God" most people mean Yahweh.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[21] .The first of the Five Pillars of Islam, tawhīd is expressed in the shahadah (testification), which declares that there is no god but God, and that Muhammad is God's messenger.^ There is no god but Allah.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad begins to believe he is a messenger of god.

^ Islam : the five pillars of faith.

.In traditional Islamic theology, God is beyond all comprehension; Muslims are not expected to visualize God but to worship and adore him as a protector.^ Christians did not take a man and make him God; they worship God who came to earth in the form of a man.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In your worldview, God is a singularity that transcends all human comprehension.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He that worships other gods besides God, God will deny him Paradise, and the fire shall be his home.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Although Muslims believe that Jesus was a prophet, they reject the Christian doctrine of the Trinity, comparing it to polytheism.^ The beliefs of the Muslims compared with the beliefs of the Christians.

^ Christians believe in the presence of Jesus.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muslims often say they honor Jesus as a great prophet.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

In Islamic theology, Jesus was just a man and not the son of God;[22] God is described in a chapter (sura) of the Qur'an as "…God, the One and Only; God, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him."[23]

Qur'an

The first sura in a Qur'anic manuscript by Hattat Aziz Efendi
.Muslims consider the Qur'an to be the literal word of God; it is the central religious text of Islam.^ Because Islam considers the son of a Muslim father to be a Muslim [44 words] .
  • Confirmed: Barack Obama Practiced Islam :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Islam is the official religion and all [Saudi] citizens must be MuslimsŠConversion by a Muslim to another religion is considered apostasy.

^ One final problem with all this is that Muslims claim that every single word in the Quran was revealed directly by God to Muhammad through Gabriel.

[24] .Muslims believe that the verses of the Qur'an were revealed to Muhammad by God through the angel Gabriel on many occasions between 610 and his death on July 6, 632.^ Muhammad begins to believe he is a messenger of god.

^ Muhammad and the Qur'an is death.

^ We believe the revealed truth of God instead.
  • The real God is HOLY [Archive] - Lebanese Forces Official Forums 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC www.lebanese-forces.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Qur'an was written down by Muhammad's companions (sahabah) while he was alive, although the prime method of transmission was orally.^ Although a small number of these poems have been written down, most have not.

^ Also, After the sudden death of Muhammad, Zaid-ibn-Thabith was ordered to compile and write down the Qur'an (Mishkat'ul Masabih).
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.It was compiled in the time of Abu Bakr, the first caliph, and was standardized in the time of Uthman, the third caliph.^ Abu-Bakr, the first Caliph to succeed Muhammad (and one of the few to whom Muhammad promised Paradise without martyrdom), declared that even if he had one foot in Paradise he could not trust Allah to let him in.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The ability to determine the exact time the Gospel of Heru began was not the works of I-em-hetep of the Third Dynasty, but rather the works of Meni (or Menes in Greek) of the very First Dynasty.

^ It was practiced during the beginning of the Islamic era (during the caliphates of Abu Bakr and Ibn Abu Umar) and is continued in practice today by over 100 million Shiite Muslims worldwide.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.From textual evidence, modern Western academics find that the Qur'an of today has not changed over the years.^ Mainstream Humanists today make the ridiculous assumption that everyone on the planet can do an M.A. in philosophy and Enlightenment history at a Western university, and find comfort therein.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ This is just more outdated (150 years) nonsense, the "Testimony of the Evangelist" never did or certainly couldn't and wouldn't hold up in any modern court today.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I am struck by the fact that one year later evidence of a profound change in Baha'i culture now appears, to my eyes at least, undeniable.

[25]
.The Qur'an is divided into 114 suras, or chapters, which combined, contain 6,236 āyāt, or poetic verses.^ In Islam, theologians divide the Qur'an into the Meccan and Medinan suras.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Today the Islamic Qur'an (Koran) is made up of 114 chapters called Suras and then sub-divided into verses.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Qur’an consists of 114 suras , or chapters.

The chronologically earlier suras, revealed at Mecca, are primarily concerned with ethical and spiritual topics. .The later Medinan suras mostly discuss social and moral issues relevant to the Muslim community.^ The Regional Co-ordinator of the National Youth Council (NYC), urged Muslim clerics to discuss issues relating to HIV to increase the awareness of the prevalence of the disease.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They issued a fatwah to Muslim communities where about 55% of women wanted to practice family planning but were afraid that Islam would not allow it.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26] .The Qur'an is more concerned with moral guidance than legal instruction, and is considered the "sourcebook of Islamic principles and values".[27] Muslim jurists consult the hadith, or the written record of Muhammad's life, to both supplement the Qur'an and assist with its interpretation.^ It has not been any more standard than other moralities."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It has not been any more standard than other moralities.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Although both Sunni and Shii Muslims practice their religion in nearly identical ways, their worldviews differ somewhat owing to conflicts that occurred during the first generation after Muhammad's death and about which there are significant differences of interpretation....

The science of Qur'anic commentary and exegesis is known as tafsir.[28]
.The word Qur'an means "recitation". When Muslims speak in the abstract about "the Qur'an", they usually mean the scripture as recited in Arabic rather than the printed work or any translation of it.^ What does the word muslim mean?
  • Was Barack Obama a Muslim? :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: General]

^ And, of course, I worked this week, with a heavier schedule of clients than usual and a report for a court dependency hearing to write.

^ Jihad is one of the most sacred duties Muslims perform.  The word "Jihad", is an Arabic word which means "struggle."

.To Muslims, the Qur'an is perfect only as revealed in the original Arabic; translations are necessarily deficient because of language differences, the fallibility of translators, and the impossibility of preserving the original's inspired style.^ God is infinite and we get to perceive only glimpses of Him in many ways as He reveals Himself in different ways to different persons."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Science is the perfect tool to "measure and quantify" not only music and other arts but also religion because science just is the business of measuring and quantifying natural phenomena in all their variety.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That is the difference between your make believe god and the only true and living God who has revealed Himself in the pages of Scripture.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Translations are therefore regarded only as commentaries on the Qur'an, or "interpretations of its meaning", not as the Qur'an itself.^ Translations are therefore only commentaries on the Qur'an, or "translations of its meaning", not the Qur'an itself.
  • Islam Muslim: Islamic Religion, History, Beliefs. Quran / Koran, Mohammed Quotes 20 September 2009 15:48 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Holy Qur'an: Text, translation and commentary.
  • Journal Taman Islam 16 October 2009 8:08 UTC rahsiataman.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Holy Quran Text - Chapter Introductions by Maududi (Sabr Foundation) Provides an English translation of translations and commentary to limited portions of the Quran or Koran, sometimes spelled Qur'an.
  • Awesome Library - Social Studies - Religions - Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.awesomelibrary.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[29]

Angels

Belief in angels is crucial to the faith of Islam. .The Arabic word for Angels (malak) means "messenger", like its counterparts in Hebrew (malakh) and Greek (angelos).^ The Greek word for "repentance" means "a change of mind, remorse, turning about, conversion, the beginning of a new religious and moral life" ( BAGD , 512).
  • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Arabic word Qamara means Moon and NUR means LIGHT. Al-Qamara means The Moon.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many Quran translators have tried to soften the meaning in their translation by adding the words in war in brackets after the word Unbelievers but they are NOT there in the original Arabic text.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.According to the Qur'an, angels do not possess free will, and worship God in perfect obedience.^ God demands perfect obedience.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ LJ: "God demands perfect obedience."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since Adam’s sin, our wills are no longer free and unbiased; they have a propensity to do that which is evil in God’s sight and in that action man was no longer able to do that which is perfect.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[30] .Angels' duties include communicating revelations from God, glorifying God, recording every person's actions, and taking a person's soul at the time of death.^ Which will be different for every time, for every person, for every situation.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Humankind needs to be brought on board to the teachings of God for this day one soul at a time, and the independent investigation of truth cannot be rushed.

^ In the 2nd Chapter of the Book of Genesis, the Lord God appears of the scene, which was the yet to be glorified soul of Adam, also know as Heru.

.They are also thought to intercede on man's behalf.^ Timmy: “They would only leave if they thought that they could go out and find a man who will be monogamous.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They would only leave if they thought that they could go out and find a man who will be monogamous.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Its true explanation is, that when a man's thoughts so evolve that they break all limitation, then he becomes as a king.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

The Qur'an describes angels as "messengers with wings—two, or three, or four (pairs): He [God] adds to Creation as He pleases…"[31]

Muhammad

Muhammad (c. .570 – July 6, 632) was an Arab religious, political, and military leader who founded the religion of Islam as a historical phenomenon.^ Islam in Asia : religion, politics, and society.

^ Norris, H. T. Islam in the Balkans : religion and society between Europe and the Arab world.

^ Should a political group be formed by those who feel that the world needs to wake up from this long religious nightmare?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Muslims view him not as the creator of a new religion, but as the restorer of the original, uncorrupted monotheistic faith of Adam, Abraham and others.^ Yes there are other ways to know about God for God speaks to us by what He has created, but only through His Son and by His Spirit can we truly come to know Him in Person.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In December 2002, a Centre for Faith-Based and Community Initiatives was established at USAID, like the others created at more than a dozen other U.S. agencies.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I disagree with him however that religion is never more than an "opiate" for the ignorant, or that it has to involve imposing authority over others.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

.In Muslim tradition, Muhammad is viewed as the last and the greatest in a series of prophets—as the man closest to perfection, the possessor of all virtues.^ Many people nowadays are spiritually inclined, but take a broad inclusive view to religion, believing that a variety of religious traditions and practices all have some validity.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Actually Christ fulfilled all three roles; that of prophet, priest and king as man.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This sickening butchery by the "Prophet of God" lasted all day.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[32] .For the last 23 years of his life, beginning at age 40, Muhammad reported receiving revelations from God.^ These five initiations will cover the last 3.5 years of the Tribulation period and correspond to events in the life and ministry of Jesus Christ.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From the Hadith of Sahih Muslim, Vol 2, #3309 Aisha reported: Allahs Messenger married me when I was six years old, and I was admitted to his house at the age of nine.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad was orphaned early in his life after his mother Amina died and was raised by his grandfather Abdul Muttalib, then chief of the Quraysh (Koreish) tribe, and his uncle Abu-Talib beginning at age 6.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

The content of these revelations, known as the Qur'an, was memorized and recorded by his companions.[33]
The Masjid al-Nabawi ("Mosque of the Prophet") in Medina is the site of Muhammad's tomb.
.During this time, Muhammad preached to the people of Mecca, imploring them to abandon polytheism.^ During this time Muhammad became acquainted with both Jews and Christians.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At the same time Muhammad also bowed to their demands of replacing his signature of 'Muhammad, Messenger of God' with 'Muhammad, son of Abdullah' so that he might be allowed to make pilgrimage to Mecca the following year.

^ Muhammad and Islam did not come along till 610 A.D. (after Jesus), when Muhammad began preaching Allah and his new religion in Mecca.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Although some converted to Islam, Muhammad and his followers were persecuted by the leading Meccan authorities.^ Although some of his followers persist in believing Muhammad to have been sinless, his behavior in Medina was in many ways disgraceful — he plundered caravans and persecuted Jews.

^ When Muhammad was accused by his opponents of giving contradictory statements in the Quran, as a result, he is said to have received the following revelation that Allah replaced some of the text of the Quran with a later text: .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ First, at the signing of the Hudaibiya treaty Muhammad agreed with the pagan Meccans to return to them those who had converted to Islam.

.After 13 years of preaching, Muhammad and the Muslims performed the Hijra ("emigration") to the city of Medina (formerly known as Yathrib) in 622. There, with the Medinan converts (Ansar) and the Meccan migrants (Muhajirun), Muhammad established his political and religious authority.^ The exodus to this town, later known as Medina is known by Muslims as the "hijra".
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There, Muhammad was more successful in attracting converts, and he soon established himself as the head of a model theocratic state, extending his teachings to cover many legal and political, as well as social and religious matters.

^ Muhammad dies June 8, 632 A.D. in Medina In the third month of the eleventh year of Hijra, M u hammad fell sick and layed in the house of his wife Ayisha in Medina.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Within years, two battles had been fought against Meccan forces: the Battle of Badr in 624, which was a Muslim victory, and the Battle of Uhud in 625, which ended inconclusively.^ OAKLAND — Buddhists are perceived as being above church politics.But a bitter five-year battle over an Oakland temple pitted two Cambodian Buddhist organizations against each other and gave rise...
  • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Abortion up to the end of the third month of pregnancy was legalized after a long battle between the Vatican and secular forces.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's only a dialog of two opposing worldviews, not a battle to the end is it?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Conflict with Medinan Jewish clans who opposed the Muslims led to their exile, enslavement or death, and the Jewish enclave of Khaybar was subdued.^ The Messenger of Allah stoned to death (Sahih Muslim, page 920) and after him we also stoned to death: And in the BOOK OF GOD stoning to death is a truth against one, who commits adultery.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The word "atheist" is usually used in connection with people who are anti-Jewish, Christian, and Muslim.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In that case Hitler's Germany and the death camps or 100 million Muslim extremists who condone suicide bombers must be right in their particular cultures.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.At the same time, Meccan trade routes were cut off as Muhammad brought surrounding desert tribes under his control.^ They lit up all over when we said they could register their kids at the same time--they have five under the age of 10, and filled out cards for all of them.

^ Muhammad was always mixing people together in the Qur'an who did not live at the same time.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When his corpse was found they cut off the head and threw it down at Muhammad's feet.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[34] .By 629 Muhammad was victorious in the nearly bloodless Conquest of Mecca, and by the time of his death in 632 he ruled over the Arabian peninsula.^ Muhammad continued to rule Medina, where he died in 632 A.D. .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of these, according to Muhammad's wife, A'isha, with whom he resided at this death, was kept under their bed at the time of Muhammad's death, but was eaten by a domestic animal (a goat).
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But what about the Arabian Peninsula, where Mohammed (570-632) launched Islam?
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[35]
.In Islam, the "normative" example of Muhammad's life is called the Sunnah (literally "trodden path").^ We are an example of the kind of life that evolves in this particular environment, in this current configuration of the energy/matter that we call our universe.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Sunnah refers to the way in which Muhammad led his life and the Hadith collects anecdotes about that life.

^ The so-called "Prophet" of Islam lived an extremely sinful life of raping, plundering and murdering for profit.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.This example is preserved in traditions known as hadith ("reports"), which recount his words, his actions, and his personal characteristics.^ He then narrated the hadith like the one reported by Abu Mua'wiya, but did not mention the words" His creation" and said: His veil is the light.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Book 001, Number 0303: This hadith has been reported from 'A'isha by another chain of transmitters and the words are: He (the Holy Prophet) came to Khadija an his heart was trembling.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Then the remaining part of the hadith was narrated as transmitted by A'mash but with the exception of these words: There was a dispute between me and another person in regard to a well.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

The classical Muslim jurist ash-Shafi'i (d. .820) emphasized the importance of the Sunnah in Islamic law, and Muslims are encouraged to emulate Muhammad's actions in their daily lives.^ According to Islamic law, if a Muslim man or woman dares to convert to Christianity, then their relatives have a right to kill them.

^ Mawdudi, who is more lenient than most Muslim scholars, presents a revolutionary opinion when he emphasizes that in an Islamic state: .

^ Sources of Islamic law are the Koran, the hadith (oral traditions concerning the deeds and sayings of Muhammad, and for Shiites, also of the Imans or religious leaders), and the fatwas (legal opinions).

The Sunnah is seen as crucial to guiding interpretation of the Qur'an.[36]

Resurrection and judgment

.Belief in the "Day of Resurrection", yawm al-Qiyāmah (also known as yawm ad-dīn, "Day of Judgment" and as-sā`a, "the Last Hour") is also crucial for Muslims.^ Im gonna show u all allah written on mom's pussy on ur so called fucking day of judgment FUCK ISLAM & MUSLIMS again.
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

.They believe that the time of Qiyāmah is preordained by God but unknown to man.^ They believed that the knowledge was revealed to them from God."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But the rich man has no time for God.
  • The Kundalini Kriyass of Kriya Yoga!! Energy Enhancement Meditation Course Level 1 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.energyenhancement.org [Source type: General]

^ They believed that the knowledge was revealed to them from God.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.The trials and tribulations preceding and during the Qiyāmah are described in the Qur'an and the hadith, and also in the commentaries of Islamic scholars.^ To solve all the contradictions in the Qur'an, Islamic a scholars decided the later/most recent conflicting revelations override the earlier revelations.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The door is left wide open for prominent scholars versed in the Qur'an , the Hadith , and other Islamic discipline to present their Fatwa (legal opinion) as we shall see later.

.The Qur'an emphasizes bodily resurrection, a break from the pre-Islamic Arabian understanding of death.^ Pre-Islamic history tells us that many Arabian tribes were stone worshippers.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.It states that resurrection will be followed by the gathering of mankind, culminating in their judgment by God.^ Torture and barbarous actions come when mankind does not follow God's laws and decrees.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They have broken no rules, they have no free will to rebel against God, and as stated before they are following his plan quite to the "T".
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I hear you saying that when mankind follows God's laws only then is he moral.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[37]
The Qur'an lists several sins that can condemn a person to hell, such as disbelief, usury and dishonesty. .Muslims view paradise (jannah) as a place of joy and bliss, with Qur'anic references describing its features and the physical pleasures to come.^ I did not find a single reference to one feature of the tradition that could temper Faure’s radical anti-essentialism, namely the physical basis of Zen practice.

^ The only joy Muslims find in reading of the Qur'an is that of its poetry and that they believe that it came from God.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sadly, the Koran fails to mention that women can enter Paradise, besides, only martyrs seem guaranteed a place in the Muslim Paradise.

.There are also references to a greater joy—acceptance by God (ridwān).^ They used the term "church" quite often in the Greek Old Testament, and there it primarily referred to the people of God, Israel.
  • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "There is one God and one mediator between God and men, the Man Jesus Christ, who gave Himself as a ransom for all men [all, in this particular case referring to all men in kind, [i.e.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I don't know anything about Pol Pot, and I'm sure Stalin was an Atheist, but I've read Mein Kampf, and there are numerous references to the Christian God.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[38] .Mystical traditions in Islam place these heavenly delights in the context of an ecstatic awareness of God.^ Of course there is tradition with these gods!

^ These are just my thoughts on the topic for I am not aware of God giving the reason for your questions about animals, so all I can do is infer from the text a possible reason.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Is there no tradition with these alien gods?

[39]

Predestination

.In accordance with the Islamic belief in predestination, or divine preordainment (al-qadā wa'l-qadar), God has full knowledge and control over all that occurs.^ God is the author of all knowledge.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All religions, abhorrent as their overall beliefs are, contain tidbits of real wisdom in their literature that we can learn from so long as we discard their divinity claims."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Occurs on the day of resurrection where God will judge all people.

.This is explained in Qur'anic verses such as "Say: 'Nothing will happen to us except what Allah has decreed for us: He is our protector'…"[40] For Muslims, everything in the world that occurs, good or evil, has been preordained and nothing can happen unless permitted by God.^ God can change his mind, and change verses in the Qur'an , with or without telling Muslims.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In our case there's nothing to say unless it's in a social context e.g.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Say: (Such) spoils are at the disposal of Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad): so fear Allah, and keep straight the relations between yourselves.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Islamic theology, divine preordainment does not suggest an absence of God's indignation against evil, because any evils that do occur are thought to result in future benefits men may not be able to see.^ Surah 6.155: And this (Torah) is a Book We have revealed, blessed; therefore follow it and guard (against evil) that mercy may be shown to you.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore, thus says the Lord GOD: See, I am against you, O Tyre!
  • The real God is HOLY [Archive] - Lebanese Forces Official Forums 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC www.lebanese-forces.org [Source type: Original source]

^ May I preface this message by stating up front that I in no way am suggesting that the God of all creation is an anthropomorphous being, only the wise know that it is not.

.According to Muslim theologians, although events are pre-ordained, man possesses free will in that he has the faculty to choose between right and wrong, and is thus responsible for his actions.^ Adam had free will Adam was perfect Adam choose wrong Adam was not perfect .
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Adam freely chose the evil, in that he disobeyed what God had declared good and is thus responsible for his disobedience.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since Adam’s sin, our wills are no longer free and unbiased; they have a propensity to do that which is evil in God’s sight and in that action man was no longer able to do that which is perfect.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

According to Islamic tradition, all that has been decreed by God is written in al-Lawh al-Mahfūz, the "Preserved Tablet".[41]
The Shi'a understanding of predestination is called "divine justice" (Adalah). .This doctrine, originally developed by the Mu'tazila, stresses the importance of man's responsibility for his own actions.^ We are responsible for our own actions.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God, as in ( Genesis 22:1 ) It is this tentability of man, even in his original nature, which is represented in Scripture as giving scope to the evil action of Satan.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.In contrast, the Sunni deemphasize the role of individual free will in the context of God's creation and foreknowledge of all things.^ So all things come from God, period.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But God created all creatures.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God has created all that is by the power of His word.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[42]

Duties and practices

Five Pillars

Islam's basic creed (shahadah) written on a plaque in the Great Mosque of Xi'an, China
Rituals of the Hajj (pilgrimage) include walking seven times around the Kaaba in Mecca.
.The Five Pillars of Islam (Arabic: : اركان الدين) are five practices essential to Sunni Islam.^ Islam : the five pillars of faith.

^ Thus, worship is not restricted to the implementation of the five pillars of Islam, but also includes every aspect of life.
  • How to Convert to Islam and Become a Muslim - The Religion of Islam 1 February 2010 2:35 UTC www.islamreligion.com [Source type: General]

^ The essential principles on which Islam rests - its five pillars - are discussed and put into historical context.

.Shi'a Muslims subscribe to eight ritual practices which substantially overlap with the Five Pillars.^ A Shi’ite cleric in Najaf, who presides over at least five temporary marriages a day, defended the practice.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43] They are:
  • The shahadah, which is the basic creed or tenet of Islam: "Template:ArabDIN", or "I testify that there is none worthy of worship except God and I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of God." This testament is a foundation for all other beliefs and practices in Islam (although technically the Shi'a do not consider the shahadah to be a separate pillar, just a belief). .Muslims must repeat the shahadah in prayer, and non-Muslims wishing to convert to Islam are required to recite the creed.^ A Muslim must not be killed if he kills a non-Muslim.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Hi, im a non-muslim, but researching islam before i convert.
    • How to Convert to Islam and Become a Muslim - The Religion of Islam 1 February 2010 2:35 UTC www.islamreligion.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Lisa on March 14, 2007 at 09:51 I recently converted from a christian to a muslim, Thank you so much for welcoming me into the beautiful religion Islam!!
    • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

    [44]
  • .
  • Salah, or ritual prayer, which must be performed five times a day.^ The Practice for Oneself consists of a twice-daily ritual, best performed at the start of the day, and the early evening.

    ^ But, no Muslim is ever excused from mandatory 5 times a day prayer.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If you are a Muslim, and not praying the mandatory 5 times a day (in Arabic), which must be preceded by the ritual washing/ablution (Wudu) , according to Muhammad you are in great danger of going to hell.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    .(However, the Shi'a are permitted to run together the noon with the afternoon prayers, and the evening with the night prayers).^ There is a set of prescribed prayers that are to be offered five times a day : at sunrise, midday, afternoon, evening, and before retiring.

    ^ Others say they have seven prayers, five of which are comparable to the prayers of the Muslims with regard to time [that is, morning, noon, afternoon, evening and night; the sixth is at midnight and the seventh is at forenoon].

    Each salah is done facing towards the Kaaba in Mecca. .Salah is intended to focus the mind on God, and is seen as a personal communication with him that expresses gratitude and worship.^ But the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and his servants will worship him; they will see his face, and his name will be on their foreheads.
    • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Yes there are other ways to know about God for God speaks to us by what He has created, but only through His Son and by His Spirit can we truly come to know Him in Person.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But the God of the Bible desires men and women to have a personal relationship with Him (John 1:1,11-14; 15:9-15; 16:27; 17:20-26).

    Salah is compulsory but flexibility in the specifics is allowed depending on circumstances. .In many Muslim countries, reminders called Adhan (call to prayer) are broadcast publicly from local mosques at the appropriate times.^ The childhood friends say Obama sometimes went to Friday prayers at the local mosque.
    • Was Barack Obama a Muslim? :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Morocco is indeed more moderate than many other Muslim countries.
    • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The attacks, unlike anything Malaysia has experienced before, have shaken the country, where many Muslims are angry over a Dec.
    • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    .The prayers are recited in the Arabic language, and consist of verses from the Qur'an.^ Also, question the "dark side" of a Religion such as Islam that requires you to only recite salah and prayers like the Namaz , in a language (Arabic) you do not understand.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ One in every 55 verses in the Muslim Qur'an consists of this fake god Allah insisting that Muslims make war on unbelievers.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Arabic is the language of Islam - the language in which the Qur'an was written or "revealed" by God to Muhammad.

    [45]
  • .
  • Zakat, or alms-giving.^ But, if they repent and perform As-salat (public prayer with Muslims) and give Zakat (Islamic alms), then leave their way free.

    .This is the practice of giving based on accumulated wealth, and is obligatory for all Muslims who can afford it.^ THE PAINLESS Integration of the Earth connection, the removal of blockages in the base chakra, will remove all fear, it will help us to be practical, to help give us the capacity to "DO", to help us make our vision a practical reality.
    • The Kundalini Kriyass of Kriya Yoga!! Energy Enhancement Meditation Course Level 1 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.energyenhancement.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Allah sure dont us to argue about who is religion or who is God is true because, we all muslim know what there is only GOD WHO IS ALLAH. there for the people dont know about that now u know.
    • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Sunni Muslims are "those who follow the model example or normative practice (Sunna) of the Prophet.

    .A fixed portion is spent to help the poor or needy, and also to assist the spread of Islam.^ That something isn’t just an otherworldly belief, individual salvation in paradise, but also a this-worldly belief: that martyrdom will help to spread Islam in accord with the will of Allah.
    • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

    .The zakat is considered a religious obligation (as opposed to voluntary charity) that the well-off owe to the needy because their wealth is seen as a "trust from God's bounty". The Qur'an and the hadith also suggest a Muslim give even more as an act of voluntary alms-giving (sadaqah).^ Faith (Shahada) Expressed through the fundamental statement of faith: “There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is His prophet.” Prayer (Salat) Praying 5 times a day in a prescribed manner Charity (Zakat) All things belong to God, and wealth is therefore held by human beings in trust.

    ^ Then i want to say to the other people who is not muslim that you don't need to be muslim because you have seen this miracles that allah have sent down.
    • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Is it possible that the Muslim Qur'an is nothing more than an entire book of Satanic lies & verses that "tickle Arab ears"?
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Many Shi'ites are expected to pay an additional amount in the form of a khums tax, which they consider to be a separate ritual practice.^ So they check "No" on the census form, despite the fact they may be very much involved in spiritual belief and practice.
    • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Many Muslim jihadists do just that: die for something they consider is worth striving for.
    • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A Shi’ite cleric in Najaf, who presides over at least five temporary marriages a day, defended the practice.
    • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [46]
  • .
  • Sawm, or fasting during the month of Ramadan.^ He (the bedouin) said: Your messenger told us that it had been made obligatory for us to fast every year during the month of Ramadan.
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Some of their sects fast during the month of Ramadan, face Ka'ba when they pray, venerate Mecca, and believe in making the pilgrimage to it.

    ^ I observe neither Hindu fasting nor the ritual of the Muslim Ramadan month; Him I serve who at the last shall save.
    • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Muslims must not eat or drink (among other things) from dawn to dusk during this month, and must be mindful of other sins.^ During the month of Ramadan, the ninth month of the Muslim year, all adult Muslims, with the exception of the aged and infirm, abstain from dawn until dusk from all food, drink and sexual relations.

    ^ Among other things, t he religion of Islam is a brain-washing religion, and that is why so many Muslims turn into craz y mindless zombies .
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Other, more intelligent Muslims, knowledgeable about the sources, respond by saying that the shock of the experience caused him to attempt suicide; it was a natural thing to do.

    .The fast is to encourage a feeling of nearness to God, and during it Muslims should express their gratitude for and dependence on him, atone for their past sins, and think of the needy.^ Sixty-eight percent of British Muslims feel that their neighbors who insult Islam should be arrested and prosecuted ...
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "When God imposed the night prayers, Muslims feet swelled as they stood during the night (for prayer); thus, God lightened it for them by saying, Pray as much as you are able."
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Why should I not feel good about reaching out to a God whose existence I believe in, and who I feel reaches out to me in response to my act of the free will to reach out to Him?
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Sawm is not obligatory for several groups for whom it would constitute an undue burden.^ I'm annoyed that God got put in the Constitution, and I would join a group to lobby for the removal of the phrase, but I wouldn't join a Humanist group per se.
    • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

    .For others, flexibility is allowed depending on circumstances, but missed fasts usually must be made up quickly.^ After the death of Kisha III, the other Rshrakta feudatories rose up and made themselves independent.
    • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Except we usually don't pay attention to how opposites do more than attract—they're absolutely dependent on each other.
    • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "All fetuses must be allowed to live no matter the circumstances that led to the pregnancy, even rape."
    • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [47]
  • .
  • The Hajj, which is the pilgrimage during the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah in the city of Mecca.^ According to archaeologists, the chief deity of Mecca was the moon-god called al-ilah (meaning the god or the idol), which was shortened to Allah in pre-Islamic times.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The chief god of Muhammad's tribe was one of the three sister goddesses called al-Uzza, the youngest of the three daughters of the pre-Islamic Allah and the patron goddess of Mecca.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In fact, an important Islamic holiday called Id-al-Adha celebrates the bogus near sacrifice of Ishmael by Abraham in Mecca.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Every able-bodied Muslim who can afford it must make the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in his or her lifetime.^ We live in a democracy (republic) and it is we the people who must make these decisions.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ All I ever did was to repeat the same thing over and over again whenever I popped in to read the interesting views of atheists, who I must admit make for very interesting and intelligent debates!
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In the Bahá’í Faith, our highest authority is an elected body called the Universal House of Justice, who we consider to be infallible when making legislative decisions.

    .When the pilgrim is about ten kilometers from Mecca, he must dress in Ihram clothing, which consists of two white seamless sheets.^ In fact, during the first year of their initiation into the priesthood, the initiate or Iyawo or 'bride' of the Orisha must dress in white for an entire year.

    ^ As for the Ten Commandments that ye go on about; the first two show a god wi’ an inferiority complex!
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Rituals of the Hajj include walking seven times around the Kaaba, touching the Black Stone, running seven times between Mount Safa and Mount Marwah, and symbolically stoning the Devil in Mina.^ To further complicate matters, the pagans, much like the Muslims, ran around the Kaba seven times.

    ^ This verse was revealed in conjunction with the Muslims' failed attempt of entering Mecca to perform Tawaf (the ritual during Hajj of running between two mountains that was supposed to commemorate Hagar's fetching of water for Ishmael).

    ^ Rahmah, the overnight stay at Muzdalifah, the symbolic stoning of the Devil, and the festival of sacrifice.

    .The pilgrim, or the hajji, is honored in his or her community, although Islamic teachers say that the Hajj should be an expression of devotion to God instead of a means to gain social standing.^ When I say I am an atheist, I mean that I believe that there are no god or gods.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You are saying that everyone in the world knows that God exists, and interprets the Bible to mean exactly what you think it means.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Rather than say [God] created the universe out of nothing, we should say that he created it out of his own self, which is love… God created the world in ‘ecstatic love’… .
    • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

    [48]
.In addition to the khums tax, Shi'a Muslims consider three additional practices essential to the religion of Islam.^ Islam is the official religion and all [Saudi] citizens must be MuslimsŠConversion by a Muslim to another religion is considered apostasy.

^ Lisa on March 14, 2007 at 09:51 I recently converted from a christian to a muslim, Thank you so much for welcoming me into the beautiful religion Islam!!
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And by the way Islam is the best and Hearts told me that in everysingle religion book it say at the day of jugment evryone EVERYONE is going to turn Muslim!
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

.The first is jihad, which is also important to the Sunni, but not considered a pillar.^ The book is considered the most important document ever published and it reveals God's true identity for the first time in human history.

.The second is Amr-Bil-Ma'rūf, the "Enjoining to Do Good", which calls for every Muslim to live a virtuous life and to encourage others to do the same.^ The goal is to live a good, healthy life.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ On the other hand, it makes more sense that God will not treat the good and bad in the same manner.
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Eva of dust, she who will be called in Genesis 'the mother of all that live,' is within Adam the Second.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

.The third is Nahi-Anil-Munkar, the "Exhortation to Desist from Evil", which tells Muslims to refrain from vice and from evil actions and to also encourage others to do the same.^ You should refrain from telling me that the Christian God is not real until you can at least come up with answers as to why evil exists or why it is bad.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the same way, much Christian overcoming of error, vice, sin, guilt, overlooks the initial error of judgment that posits the substantial existence of error, vice, sin, guilt in oneself or others.

^ But not only this, when I decide to judge your actions as not acceptable, you continue to argue and resist my good intentions telling me that my intentions are the ones that are evil.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[49]

Law

.The Sharia (literally: "the path leading to the watering place") is Islamic law formed by traditional Islamic scholarship.^ Under Iran's brutal Islamic Sharia Laws, women usually get stoned for crimes against chastity.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For the next few weeks the grooms will be taught by their religious leaders how to lead a good conjugal life according to Islamic law.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She also became the object of protest campaigns, which excoriated “Islamic law” as brutal and called on Nigeria’s president repeal the Sharia Acts.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In Islam, Sharia is the expression of the divine will, and "constitutes a system of duties that are incumbent upon a Muslim by virtue of his religious belief".[50]
.Islamic law covers all aspects of life, from matters of state, like governance and foreign relations, to issues of daily living.^ All I know is that life is meant to be lived.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Live life as you like.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Do you believe that all life originated from non-living material matter?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Qur'an defines hudud as the punishments for five specific crimes: unlawful intercourse, false accusation of unlawful intercourse, consumption of alcohol, theft, and highway robbery.^ Zina, or unlawful sexual intercourse, includes adultery, punished by stoning to death, and fornication, penalized by whipping.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Qur'an and Sunnah also contain laws of inheritance, marriage, and restitution for injuries and murder, as well as rules for fasting, charity, and prayer.^ Pakistan's ruling party has introduced a bill outlawing forced marriage and practices which prevent women from inheriting property.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Women in Iraq were holding protests against the proposed constitution which assigns laws on marriage, custody and inheritance to religious authorities.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The regional draft also deals differently with the personal status law pertaining to divorce, marriage and inheritance.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, these prescriptions and prohibitions may be broad, so their application in practice varies.^ For these reasons, just as magic and Shamanism are prohibited in Christianity, likewise, Nichiren Buddhists never practice magic or Shamanistic techniques.

.Islamic scholars (known as ulema) have elaborated systems of law on the basis of these rules and their interpretations.^ The council ruled the measure was against Islamic law and oblige Iran to accept un-Islamic laws.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Recently a few books have been written about the rights of non-Muslims who are subjugated to the rule of the Islamic law.

^ Most of these books presented the Islamic view in a favorable fashion, without unveiling the negative facet inherited in these laws.

[51]
Fiqh, or "jurisprudence", is defined as the knowledge of the practical rules of the religion. .The method Islamic jurists use to derive rulings is known as usul al-fiqh ("legal theory", or "principles of jurisprudence").^ Alternative medicine is a generic term used to describe any other approach that employs principles and methods that are different from those of orthodox medicine.

^ Athar al-Harb fi l-Fiqh al-Islami [ The Influence of War within Islamic Jurisprudence ].

^ I do not accept that the question: "do African moral rules and principles derive their validity from the gods, or do the gods command these rules because they are valid?"

.According to Islamic legal theory, law has four fundamental roots, which are given precedence in this order: the Qur'an, the Sunnah (actions and sayings of Muhammad), the consensus of the Muslim jurists (ijma), and analogical reasoning (qiyas).^ As Robert Spencer points out, "according to Islamic law an apostate male is not to be put to death if he has not reached puberty (cf.
  • Was Barack Obama a Muslim? :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: General]

^ In fact, one of Muhammad's demands in signing the treaty was that the pagans permit the Muslims to complete their journey to Mecca in order to perform Tawaf .

^ There is a sense among many Muslims that Islamic jurists are out of touch, that their guidance is not adequate to the modern world.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For early Islamic jurists, theory was less important than pragmatic application of the law.^ It's less certain than a law.
  • The real God is HOLY [Archive] - Lebanese Forces Official Forums 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC www.lebanese-forces.org [Source type: Original source]

^ She discusses issues such as the education of women, polygamy, gender equality in Islam, Islamic Law (shariah), and juristic interpretation (Ijtihad).

^ Not recognizing that such experiences are possible or important can make us appear less wise even than our craziest religious opponents.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the 9th century, the jurist ash-Shafi'i provided a theoretical basis for Islamic law by codifying the principles of jurisprudence (including the four fundamental roots) in his book ar-Risālah.^ The demonstrators, including women and men, are demanding an end to discrimination based on gender, as well as changes to Islamic laws that protect men at the expense of women.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All four schools agree dogmatically on the basic creeds of Islam but differ in their interpretations of Islamic law which is derived from four sources: .

^ Under Islamic laws women must produce four adult Muslim male witnesses to prove an act of rape.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[52]

Religion and state

.Islamic law does not distinguish between "matters of church" and "matters of state"; the ulema function as both jurists and theologians.^ An Islamic state is bound to distinguish (i.e.

^ All this matters, for if Obama once was a Muslim, he is now what Islamic law calls a murtadd (apostate), an ex-Muslim converted to another religion who must be executed.
  • Confirmed: Barack Obama Practiced Islam :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So what does rest have to do with the primary function of the Church of Laodiceans, which is to establish for the 144,000 a new system of free trade and free enterprise that exist between the evil extremes of colonial capitalism and Marxist communism?

.In practice, Islamic rulers frequently bypassed the Sharia courts with a parallel system of so-called "Grievance courts" over which they had sole control.^ The interplay between domestic Nigerian parallel legal systems of secular, Muslim and customary laws is problematic as they give differential rights on different issues.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Taoists cannot live Taoism if they hold to the system called Taoism.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They called what they put together, the Mystery System, a secret order with membership gained only by initiation and pledge to secrecy.

.As the Muslim world came into contact with Western secular ideals, Muslim societies responded in different ways.^ J ihad has been interpreted by Muslims in different ways.

^ Why is it that Muslims are allowed to establish mosques and Islamic centers in the western world, when the same privilege is not granted to Christians in many Muslim countries?
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mawdudi, a prominent Pakistani Muslim scholar, summarizes the basic differences between Islamic and secular states as follows: .

Turkey has been governed as a secular state ever since the reforms of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. .In contrast, the 1979 Iranian Revolution replaced a mostly secular regime with an Islamic republic led by the Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini.^ In the last century, the cruel Iranian Ayatollah Khomeini married a ten-year old girl, when he was 28 years old.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When she returned to her native country the Islamic Revolution of 1979 had ushered in sweeping changes.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[53]

Etiquette and diet

.Many practices fall in the category of adab, or Islamic etiquette.^ Hence, category 7 is in practice, rather emptier that it's opposite number, category 1, which has many devoted inhabitants."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.This includes greeting others with "as-salamu `alaykum" ("peace be unto you"), saying bismillah ("in the name of God") before meals, and using only the right hand for eating and drinking.^ Do unto others as you would have them do unto you....
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ When you say "it is not righteous for us to be naked before men and women" .

^ Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

.Islamic hygienic practices mainly fall into the category of personal cleanliness and health, such as the circumcision of male offspring.^ That is, although the Yorb divide the person into the body and soul, the soul is made up of various attributes such as: Or, m, and s.

^ He drifted into Detroit at a time when many African-Americans were beginning to form racial identity groups around charismatic personalities such as Marcus Garvey.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch was written in the late 1800's by Rabbi Shlomo Gantzfried and is a summary collection of Halachah for every day practice divided into categories.
  • Judaism Reading List: Introduction and General (Pt. I) 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

.Islamic burial rituals include saying the Salat al-Janazah ("funeral prayer") over the bathed and enshrouded dead body, and burying it in a grave.^ Communication between Orishas and humankind is accomplished through ritual, prayer, divination and ebo or offerings (which include sacrifice).

^ We dont bury our dead 6 feet below the earth & let the insects eat the body.
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

^ U cut off dicks of ur kids 2: U bury ur dead & let the insects eat out the body slowly & painfully 3: U beleive in Allah ???
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

.Muslims, like Jews, are restricted in their diet, and prohibited foods include pig products, blood, carrion, and alcohol.^ For this Reason, like Zen Master Hogen, we at Energy Enhancement recommend only Organic Food as your normal Diet.
  • The Kundalini Kriyass of Kriya Yoga!! Energy Enhancement Meditation Course Level 1 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.energyenhancement.org [Source type: General]

.All meat must come from a herbivorous animal slaughtered in the name of God by a Muslim, Jew, or Christian, with the exception of game that one has hunted or fished for oneself.^ He must use Gods unique name.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A true prophet must prophesy in the name of the one true God.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Muslim jurists, the following legal ordinances must be enforced on Zimmis (Christians and Jews alike) who reside among Muslims: .

Food permissible for Muslims is known as halal food.[54]

Jihad

.Jihad means "to strive or struggle," and is considered the "sixth pillar of Islam" by a minority of Muslim authorities.^ Jihad means striving.

^ Islam is the official religion and all [Saudi] citizens must be MuslimsŠConversion by a Muslim to another religion is considered apostasy.

^ The Muslim sect of the Kharijites has elevated Jihad to one of the Five Pillars of Islam — making it Six Pillars.

[55] Jihad, in its broadest sense, is classically defined as "exerting one's utmost power, efforts, endeavors, or ability in contending with an object of disapprobation." .Depending on the object being a visible enemy, the devil, and aspects of one's own self, different categories of Jihad are defined.^ "If I believe my God tells me to love my enemies, but at the same time hates His own enemies, and requires me to have one will with Him, which has the larger scope, love or hatred?......
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If I believe my God tells me to love my enemies, but at the same time hates His own enemies, and requires me to have one will with Him, which has the larger scope, love or hatred?......
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one ; the enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

[56] Jihad when used without any qualifier is understood in its military aspect.[57][58]
.Within Islamic jurisprudence, jihad is usually taken to mean military exertion against non-Muslim combatants in the defense or expansion of the Islamic state, the ultimate purpose of which is to establish the universal domination of Islam.^ Also no ultimate meaning or purpose for existence.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In his book, "Islam and Terrorism", doctor Gabriel (not his Muslim name), an ex-professor of Islamic history at Al-Azhar University, Cairo , and an ex-Muslim, tells us what the world press has been ignoring for decades.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Second, in other parts of the world, Jihad is taken to extremes not simply by terrorists, but by Islamic led governments.

.Jihad, the only form of warfare permissible in Islamic law, may be declared against states which refuse to convert to Islam or submit to Islamic rule.^ Family planning is not against the rules of Islam.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (In fact, one leading Roman Catholic moral conservative who has called for Christianity to unite with not only Judaism but Islam in an "ecumenical jihad" against secularism, a common front in "spiritual warfare," is explicit in his favorable attitude toward Orthodoxy.

^ The only comment I made was "Sam Harris who slams Islam and theists" as part of a larger argument which was stated as a fact not an inflammatory or derogatory remark.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.It ceases when Jews, Christians, and Zoroastrians submit to the authority of Islam and agree to pay the jizya (a poll tax) and kharaj (a land tax), and when polytheists convert to Islam.^ Lisa on March 14, 2007 at 09:51 I recently converted from a christian to a muslim, Thank you so much for welcoming me into the beautiful religion Islam!!
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Muslim Muftis (legal authorities) agree that the contract of the Zimmis should be offered primarily to the People of the Book, that is, Christians and Jews, then to the Magis or Zoroastrians.

^ Jews and Christians, as "people of the Book," were allowed religious autonomy but were required to pay a special tax and were subject to certain social and legal restrictions.

[59] Treaties (`ahd) may be established, subject to payment of the kharaj, although jurists differ over its permitted longevity.[60][61] .Most Muslims today interpret Jihad as only a defensive form of warfare: the external Jihad includes a struggle to make the Islamic societies conform to the Islamic norms of justice.^ Religious fanatics are bent on perverting the structure of society to conform to their rigid belief systems, which are based on literal interpretations of mythical literature.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Muslim society or the Ummah as a religious, social and economic entity, and chapter 11 on jihad ].

^ The Muslim sect of the Kharijites has elevated Jihad to one of the Five Pillars of Islam — making it Six Pillars.

[62]
.Under most circumstances and for most Muslims, jihad is a collective duty (fard kifaya): its performance by some individuals exempts the others.^ These views do not receive the approval of most other schools of the Shari`a which hold that non-Muslims are not allowed to assume any position which might bestow on them any authority over any Muslim.

^ "[A]ll Muslims cherish the Arabic language and try to learn at least some quranic and other religious phrases in Arabic."

^ Most of the Muslim rulers collected a pilgrimage tax at holy places of religious faiths.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.Only for those vested with authority, especially the sovereign (imam), does jihad become an individual duty.^ As for dogma, the doctrines of Christianity are practical, recognizing God as sovereign and Him alone as the ultimate authority and only objective source on what is real and true.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He does, on the other hand, make covenants that apply to certain individuals and groups that may only apply to that specific group.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.For the rest of the populace, this happens only in the case of a general mobilization.^ Here’s what happens, in the generic case: a person, in whatever culture he finds himself, begins to notice that life is difficult.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[59] .Some Muslim authorities, especially among the Shi'a and Sufis, distinguish between the "greater jihad", which pertains to spiritual self-perfection, and the "lesser jihad", defined as warfare.^ Usaymi claims that being under the authority of a Christian may force Muslims to flatter him and humiliate themselves to this infidel on the hope to obtain some of what he has.

^ End Time Beheadings and Revelation 20:4: Some Christians and ex-Muslims see a direct correlation between Islam and the Book of Revelation about the "end times".
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No, pure and perfect Black Light is not for condemnation, but rather for correction-Lord knows that we all need some-including me, or maybe especially me.

[63] .Jihad also refers to one's striving to attain religious and moral perfection.^ Further, there really isn’t any striving, jihad , needed to return to the One.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Today, the Theology professor who experienced one while looking at the stars referred to it as a religious experience and went on to become a Baptist from no religious background at all.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

[64]

History

The Great Mosque of Kairouan also known as the Mosque of Uqba was founded by Arab general Uqba Ibn Nafi in 670. It is the oldest mosque in the western Islamic world [65] and represents one of the best architectural examples of Islamic civilization [66], in Kairouan, Tunisia.
.Islam's historical development resulted in major political, economic, and military effects inside and outside the Islamic world.^ Until I'd done enough looking around, both inside and outside of me, and realized that this world is all there is.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Maps Relating to Islam's Historical Development http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/%7Ers143/map.html Presents a collection of maps that related to the historical development of Islam.

^ Encyclopaedia of Islam Online "The Encyclopaedia of Islam sets out the present state of our knowledge of the Islamic World from religion and history to politics and culture.

.Within a century of Muhammad's first recitations of the Qur'an, an Islamic empire stretched from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to Central Asia in the east ; one of the best preserved architectural examples of Islamic spread, is the Great Mosque of Kairouan (in Tunisia) considered as the ancestor of all the mosques in the western Islamic world [65].^ One said, 'Recite the Qur'an in one form.'
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At first I fealt nervous to declare, because in my country, muslims are so hated because of the wars in missle east and several terrorist attacks; but I was approuched by another muslim and they told me that I am actually in one of the best situations to become a muslim.
  • How to Convert to Islam and Become a Muslim - The Religion of Islam 1 February 2010 2:35 UTC www.islamreligion.com [Source type: General]

^ If they nuke one city, we shall have a pretext to glaze over half the Middle East with radioactive silicate and thus bury the hotheads once and for all.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.This new polity soon broke into civil war, and successor states fought each other and outside forces.^ I'd worry about all the other cant that has crept into the curriculum before I'd beat the war drums over Creationism in the classroom.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ And that is exactly what the United States, Germany, France, Austria, Japan, England, Italy, Poland, Czechoslovakia, and other Western countries' armed forces, did.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This seems to be the default state in our civilized society, each discreetly disgusted with the others.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, Islam continued to spread into regions like Africa, the Indian subcontinent, and Southeast Asia.^ However spreading Islam my sword is alive today also my freind...
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus the Mahayana practitioner continues to be reborn onto earth or earth like planets in order to save his fellow sentient beings by spreading Buddhism.

^ Rabasa, Angel M. Political Islam in Southeast Asia : moderates, radicals and terrorists.

.The Islamic civilization was one of the most advanced in the world during the Middle Ages, but was surpassed by Europe with the economic and military growth of the West.^ Next to the Islamic countries of the middle east, it is the most religious country in the the world.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When the pyramids were finished, Europe had given the world not one organized civilization, even Asia was just stirring.

^ The crucifixion continued until Heru, the Heavenly Father of all humankind, became one of the most obscure figures in both Egyptian and world history.

.During the 18th and 19th centuries, Islamic dynasties such as the Ottomans and Mughals fell under the sway of European imperial powers.^ By the end of the ninth century, Arabian armies had extended Islamic power from Spain to the borders of India.

^ Some scholars regard him as the ruler of the Imperial Gupta dynasty while others a local ruler of the fifth century A.D. governing Vidi.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They belong to the tenth century A.D. and were inscribed during the reign of Udyotakear of the Kear dynasty of Orissa.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.In the 20th century new religious and political movements and newfound wealth in the Islamic world led to both rebirth and conflict.^ Virgin (in the 20th century in Fatima), there is a sociological phenomenon which shocked the world.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Second, in other parts of the world, Jihad is taken to extremes not simply by terrorists, but by Islamic led governments.

^ The challenge of fundamentalism : political Islam and the new world disorder.

[67]

Rise of empire (632–750)

.Muhammad began preaching Islam at Mecca before migrating to Medina, from where he united the tribes of Arabia into a singular Arab Muslim religious polity.^ It is believed that "al-llah" in Muhammad's time before Islam referred to a vague moon god and that Muhammad believed that al-Uzza was a daughter of this "al-llah".
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lisa on March 14, 2007 at 09:51 I recently converted from a christian to a muslim, Thank you so much for welcoming me into the beautiful religion Islam!!
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad's first wife - Khadija, died a few years before he fled to Medina.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.With Muhammad's death in 632, disagreement broke out over who would succeed him as leader of the Muslim community.^ Then their persons would be forbidden to the Fire; and they would take out a large number of people who had been overtaken by Fire up to the middle of the shank or up to the knees.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Reports of this kind coming out of the Muslim communities living in the West should worry us, before anything else about religion worries us.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He said: Muhammad (may peace be upon him) narrated to us: When it would be the Day of Resurrection, some of the people would rush to one another in bewilderment.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Umar ibn al-Khattab, a prominent companion of Muhammad, nominated Abu Bakr, who was Muhammad's intimate friend and collaborator.^ Abu Bakr and Umar were also there among the audience.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Khattab who rebuked Muhammad: .

^ Ulmar al-Waqidi of Medina, who died in 825 A.D. produced a work, which portions of which have survived, called "The Expeditions of Muhammad".
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Others added their support and Abu Bakr was made the first caliph.^ Abu-Bakr, the first Caliph to succeed Muhammad (and one of the few to whom Muhammad promised Paradise without martyrdom), declared that even if he had one foot in Paradise he could not trust Allah to let him in.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was practiced during the beginning of the Islamic era (during the caliphates of Abu Bakr and Ibn Abu Umar) and is continued in practice today by over 100 million Shiite Muslims worldwide.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Taking for himself his favorite piece (the shoulder) Muhammad next distributed portions to Abu Bakr and his other friends.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.This choice was disputed by some of Muhammad's companions, who held that Ali ibn Abi Talib, his cousin and son-in-law, had been designated his successor.^ One of the prisoners taken was the defiant Al Nadr Ibn al Harith, who had earlier taken Muhammad's challenge of telling better stories than him.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad picked Allah (Al-Iahi), who was the arab moon god , the son of Baal, their war god, and their sword god .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad then took the swords of his friend Ali ibn Abu Talib and washed them for him.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

Abu Bakr's immediate task was to avenge a recent defeat by Byzantine (or Eastern Roman Empire) forces, although he first had to put down a rebellion by Arab tribes in an episode known as the Ridda wars, or "Wars of Apostasy".[68]
The territory of the Caliphate in 750
.His death in 634 resulted in the succession of Umar as the caliph, followed by Uthman ibn al-Affan and Ali ibn Abi Talib.^ Abi Umayya ibn al-Mughirah.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Those passages had not been written down, and following the deaths of those who knew them, were no longer known; nor had Abu Bakr, nor `Umar nor `Uthman as yet collected the texts of the Qur'an.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He (Umar ibn al-Khattab) said: It amazed us that he would put the question and then he would himself verify the truth.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.These four are known as al-khulafā' ar-rāshidūn ("Rightly Guided Caliphs").^ Each school attempts to document its legal opinion by referring to the Hadith or to an incident experienced by the Prophet or the "rightly guided" Caliphs .

^ These all go up against the principle of Islamic Law known as "Al-Qaeda Al-Faquhia".
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Under them, the territory under Muslim rule expanded deeply into Persian and Byzantine territories.^ This being the case, a Muslim cannot confidently tell us what the true reading of the text is and hence cannot insure us that this verse originally predicted the Byzantine victory over the Persians.

^ "This passage refers to the defeat of the Byzantines in Syria by the Persians under Khusran Parvis.

[69]
When Umar was assassinated in 644, the election of Uthman as successor was met with increasing opposition. In 656, Uthman was also killed, and Ali assumed the position of caliph. .After fighting off opposition in the first civil war (the "First Fitna"), Ali was assassinated by Kharijites in 661. Following this, Mu'awiyah, who was governor of Levant, seized power and began the Umayyad dynasty.^ The country was first ruled over by contemporary kings, who were at war with each other.

^ According to the Puranic traditions, as well as the coins, the ndhra Stavhana dynasty began with Simuka who destroyed the remains of the uga power and killed the Kva king Susarman in 27 B.C. Simuka Stavhana is also known from the coins.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Prophet then said, ' The first army amongst' my followers who will invade Caesar's City will be forgiven their sins.

[70]
.These disputes over religious and political leadership would give rise to schism in the Muslim community.^ If you'd been on top of your argument (which you're not) you would have cited the attempt to institude Sharia Law in the adjudication of family disputes within Ontario's muslim community.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ I am a proud atheist and think that being silent would give power to the religious right wing extremists.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Beirut: Dar Iqra, 1984 [ important scrutiny of the notion of Community and its relation with political authority in classical Muslim experience ].

.The majority accepted the legitimacy of the three rulers prior to Ali, and became known as Sunnis.^ The first Stavhana ruler Sta or Simuka also known from his coins became a convert to Jainism and built many temples at the capital.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.A minority disagreed, and believed that Ali was the only rightful successor; they became known as the Shi'a.^ Before that they had only known good.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And that the only reason they believed in the first place is because they were brainwashed (not voluntarily) as children.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In general morals are absolute only because you believe they are or because you believe they ought to be.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[71] .After Mu'awiyah's death in 680, conflict over succession broke out again in a civil war known as the "Second Fitna". Afterward, the Umayyad dynasty prevailed for seventy years, and was able to conquer the Maghrib and Al-Andalus (the Iberian Peninsula, former Visigothic Hispania) and the Narbonnese Gaul} as well as expand Muslim territory into the Indian subcontinent.^ June 1998 Popline Ayad Al-Qazzaz, CSU Sacramento: Muslims are now at 1 billion and will double to 2 billion in 30 years.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A few years ago, Al-Jazeera reported that roughly six million Muslims are leaving Islam and becoming followers of Jesus every year in Africa.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Well-known groups of Shii Muslims, or Shiites, are found in Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Pakistan and other Middle Eastern countries.

[72]. .While the Muslim-Arab elite engaged in conquest, some devout Muslims began to question the piety of indulgence in a worldly life, emphasizing rather poverty, humility and avoidance of sin based on renunciation of bodily desires.^ Also, t he Hadith makes it clear that Muhammad was a sinner--NOT sinless as some Muslims now claim: "Muhammad replied..."O Allah, set me apart from my sins..."
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With the impact of the Muslim culture, some sections of the Jainas began to denounce idol worship with great vehemence.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The confidence is based on a sound foundation, rather like the confidence of biologists that an evolutionary story gets the salient facts about life on Earth about right.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Devout Muslim ascetic exemplars such as Hasan al-Basri would inspire a movement that would evolve into Sufism.^ Also revealing is the report by Al Waqidi that Muhammad had such an aversion to the form of the cross that he would break everything brought into the house with a shape of the cross on it (Nehls 1990:61).
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Al Waqidi , Muhammad would break everything brought into the house with a shape of the cross on it .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Without such a 'genetic memory' the species would collapse into phenomic chaos.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

[73]
.For the Umayyad aristocracy, Islam was viewed as a religion for Arabs only;[74] the economy of the Umayyad empire was based on the assumption that a majority of non-Muslims (Dhimmis) would pay taxes to the minority of Muslim Arabs.^ Islam is a religion based on intimidation and fear .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Islam is very much a deeds-based religion where God is keeping score .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Islam is the official religion and all [Saudi] citizens must be MuslimsŠConversion by a Muslim to another religion is considered apostasy.

.A non-Arab who wanted to convert to Islam was supposed to first become a client of an Arab tribe.^ It is the duty of every Muslim, they hold, to manifest the virtues of Islam so that those who are non-Muslims will convert willingly after discovering its greatness and truth.

^ Something that has stuck with me since I first heard it, is, if you want to know something about someone, find out who influenced them.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I am assuming that if women do not want to be in non-monogamous relationships because their partners are now being promiscuous then monogamy will become scarcer and promiscuity more common.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Even after conversion, these new Muslims (mawali) did not achieve social and economic equality with the Arabs.^ It is true that the Muslim rulers were not in favour of erecting new temples, but at times, they gave their consent to the erection of new temples or did not object to the repair of old ones.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Muslim society or the Ummah as a religious, social and economic entity, and chapter 11 on jihad ].

^ New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998 [ shows how Yemen is seeking to develop the political, economic and social structures of the modern democratic state ].

.The descendants of Muhammad's uncle Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib rallied discontented mawali, poor Arabs, and some Shi'a against the Umayyads and overthrew them with the help of their propagandist and general Abu Muslim, inaugurating the Abbasid dynasty in 750.[75] Under the Abbasids, Islamic civilization flourished in the "Islamic Golden Age", with its capital at the cosmopolitan city of Baghdad.^ Muhammad's father's name was Abd Allāh ibn Abd al-Mullalib .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad's father was Abd Allāh ibn Abd al-Muttalib , of the family of Hashim (Shaiba ibn Hashim ).
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Abd al-Malik ibn Hish¯am.

[76]

Golden Age (750–1258)

Artistic depiction of the Battle of Hattin in 1187, where Jerusalem was recaptured by Saladin's Ayyubid forces
.By the late 9th century, the Abbasid caliphate began to fracture as various regions gained increasing levels of autonomy.^ The moral disarmament of contemporary post-Christian Europe in its relations with Islam that began in the late 19th century has now become near-universal.

.Across North Africa, Persia, and Central Asia emirates formed as provinces broke away.^ The North Western region of India is called the Hindu Kush (the slaughter of the Hindu) as a reminder of the vast number of Hindu slaves who died while being marched across the Afghan Mountains to the Muslim slave markets in Central Asia.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Godlas includes country studies of Muslim areas in South and Central Asia, Africa, and the Middle East.

.The monolithic Arab empire gave way to a more religiously homogenized Muslim world where the Shia Fatimids contested even the religious authority of the caliphate.^ In fact it is perplexing to me that billions of people are "religious"---a great majority of the world's population-- and we still have more evil than any god could ever wish for.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A fatwah is a decree issued by Muslim religious leaders to shed light on behavior in the Islamic way of life.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus the lower 9 states can be experienced in a more enlightened way even the lowest ones!

.By 1055 the Seljuq Turks had eliminated the Abbasids as a military power, nevertheless they continued to respect the caliph's titular authority.^ What contradicts this is leaving the infidels to enjoy their might and practice their religion as they wish so that they would have power and authority."

^ Its beleif of hindus that puts power in those stones & give them respect & they do reciprocate.
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Kkatyas were at first feudatories of the Later Chlukyas, after whose decline, they rose to power in Telingana and exercised authority there.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

[77] .During this time expansion of the Muslim world continued, by both conquest and peaceful proselytism even as both Islam and Muslim trade networks were extending into sub-Saharan West Africa, Central Asia, Volga Bulgaria and the Malay archipelago.^ Cultural change and continuity in Central Asia.

^ Islam and Muslim history in South Asia.

^ Even during the reign of the Muslims, Jainism continued to develop.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

[1] This period also saw the destruction of the Hindu temple at Somnath by an invading Muslim army; fifty thousand Hindus died defending their temple.[78]
.The Golden Age saw new legal, philosophical, and religious developments.^ The essential practice of the golden flower requires no apparatus, no philosophical or religious dogma, no special paraphernalia or ritual.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After all my reading of mystical, religious, and philosophical literature, I’m convinced that there’s nothing new to be said.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

The major hadith collections were compiled and the four modern Sunni Madh'habs were established. .Islamic law was advanced greatly by the efforts of the early 9th century jurist al-Shafi'i; he codified a method to establish the reliability of hadith, a topic which had been a locus of dispute among Islamic scholars.^ The Kadambas established their kingdom in Northern Kartaka in the fourth century A.D. after defeating the early Pallavas.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ She discusses issues such as the education of women, polygamy, gender equality in Islam, Islamic Law (shariah), and juristic interpretation (Ijtihad).

^ This illustrates the implication of different interpretations of the Islamic law based on the Hadith .

[79] .Philosophers Ibn Sina (Avicenna) and Al-Farabi sought to incorporate Greek principles into Islamic theology, while others like the 11th century theologian Abu Hamid al-Ghazzali argued against them and ultimately prevailed.^ 'Abd al- Muttalib, I cannot avail you at all against Allah; O Safiya (aunt of the Messenger of Allah), I cannot avail you at all against Allah; 0 Fatima, daughter of Muhammad, ask me whatever you like, but I cannot avail you at all against Allah.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ They would take each others feelings into account and act like people who love each other.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Islam is the greater danger,and is the reason atheists like me are speaking out against religious stupidity.Other religions,are as silly,but do not threaten my survival as Islam does.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[80] Finally, Sufism and Shi'ism both underwent major changes in the 9th century. .Sufism became a full-fledged movement that had moved towards mysticism and away from its ascetic roots, while Shi'ism split due to disagreements over the succession of Imams.^ Granted, Schonborn was one of the most 'friendly' towards U.S. Intelligent Design partisans, but he was warned away from endorsing the movement.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ The universe became a self-originating, self-operating machine, moving inexorably towards its final goal of the classless society."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[81]
.The spread of the Islamic dominion induced hostility among medieval ecclesiastical Christian authors who saw Islam as an adversary in the light of the large numbers of new Muslim converts.^ According to Muslim jurists, the following legal ordinances must be enforced on Zimmis (Christians and Jews alike) who reside among Muslims: .

^ Then their persons would be forbidden to the Fire; and they would take out a large number of people who had been overtaken by Fire up to the middle of the shank or up to the knees.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This alone should make them realize that it is Satan behind Islam who wishes to enslave Muslims to turn them away from the truth.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.This opposition resulted in polemical treatises which depicted Islam as the religion of the antichrist and of Muslims as libidinous and subhuman.^ Islam is the official religion and all [Saudi] citizens must be MuslimsŠConversion by a Muslim to another religion is considered apostasy.

^ Lisa on March 14, 2007 at 09:51 I recently converted from a christian to a muslim, Thank you so much for welcoming me into the beautiful religion Islam!!
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And by the way Islam is the best and Hearts told me that in everysingle religion book it say at the day of jugment evryone EVERYONE is going to turn Muslim!
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

[82] .In the medieval period, a few Arab philosophers like the poet Al-Ma'arri adopted a critical approach to Islam, and the Jewish philosopher Maimonides contrasted Islamic views of morality to Jewish views that he himself elaborated.^ Mawdudi's views are not accepted by most Islamic schools of law, especially in regard to freedom of expression like criticism of Islam and the government.

^ Like "Al-lahi", sigheh is a carry-over from ancient Arab times.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad ibn 'Abdalkarim al-Sharastani in his Al-Milal wa al-Nihil , admits that most of the practices of Islam were actually rites performed by the pagans: " The Arabs during the pre-Islamic period used to practice certain things that were included in the Islamic Sharia .

[83]
.Starting in the 9th century, Muslim conquests in Christian Europe began to be reversed.^ In the 7th century , the Muslims took control of Jerusalem, and in the 11th century they began to hassle, kill, molest Christian pilgrims in the Jerusalem area.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The moral disarmament of contemporary post-Christian Europe in its relations with Islam that began in the late 19th century has now become near-universal.

^ Benedict takes as a starting point the decision of EU to exclude a reference to Europe's Christian roots from the proposed EU constitution.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Reconquista was launched against Muslim principalities in Iberia, and Muslim Italian possessions were lost to the Normans. .From the 11th century onwards a series of wars known as the Crusades brought the Muslim world into conflict with Christendom.^ In the mid-1990s, roughly half the ethnic conflicts in the world involved Muslims fighting each other or non-Muslims.
  • http://www.hinduism.co.za 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hinduism.co.za [Source type: Original source]

^ Although Adam and Eve brought sin into the world, we were never forced to sin.
  • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Crusades were a reaction to the Muslim crusades against the entire world.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Successful at first in their capturing of the Holy land which resulted in the establishment of the Crusader states, Crusader gains in the Holy Land were reversed by later Muslim generals such as Saladin, who recaptured Jerusalem during the Second Crusade.^ Muslims state that Jews have no right to live in the Holy land.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Although both Sunni and Shii Muslims practice their religion in nearly identical ways, their worldviews differ somewhat owing to conflicts that occurred during the first generation after Muhammad's death and about which there are significant differences of interpretation....

^ His most recent book, A Most Holy War: The Albigensian Crusade and the Battle for Christendom, looks at a pivotal moment in world history, the world’s first genocide.
  • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[84] The Mongol Empire put an end to the Abbasid dynasty at the Battle of Baghdad in 1258, which saw the Muslims overrun by the superior Mongol army. Meanwhile in Egypt, the slave-soldier Mamluks took control in an uprising in 1250.[85]

Ottomans and Islamic empires in India (1258–1918)

.The Seljuk Turks fell apart rapidly in the second half of the 13th century.^ Slaka, who flourished in the second half of the ninth century A.D. in the chragavritti 138 , distinctly refers to this shrine.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Paliputra Council is referred to in the vayakachri of Jinadsagai who flourished in the Second half of the seventh century A.D., and by Haribhadra who lived in the middle of the eight century A.D. .
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Gaapati was able to win these achievements owing perhaps, to the weakness of the Chola sovereign and the confused political situation in the Southern India in the second quarter of the 13th century.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.In the 13th and 14th centuries the Ottoman empire (named after Osman I) was established with a string of conquests that included the Balkans, parts of Greece, and western Anatolia.^ The Chola empire, which arose in the ninth century, covered a large part of the Peninsulars.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The influx of the northern Jaina merchants into the Vijayanagara empire during the 14th century and earlier is noticed.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Nulamba Pallavas, who came into the limelight during the ninth and tenth centuries A.D., ruled in parts of modern Karaka and were feudatories of the Western Gagas.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1453 under Mehmed II the Ottomans laid siege to Constantinople, the capital of Byzantium.^ CARNAGE IN CONSTANTINOPLE Under Mehmet II the Turks conquered the great Byzantine capital, Constantinople.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

The Byzantine fortress succumbed shortly thereafter, having been battered by superior Ottoman cannonry.[86]
.Beginning in the 13th century, Sufism underwent a transformation, largely as a result of the efforts of al-Ghazzali to legitimize and reorganize the movement.^ As a result, the 1599 Edition of the Geneva Bible was printed in Amsterdam and England in large quantities until the 17th century.

He developed the model of the Sufi order—a community of spiritual teachers and students.[87] .Also of importance to Sufism was the creation of the Masnavi, a collection of mystical poetry by the 13th century Persian poet Rumi.^ The whirling dervishes : being an account of the Sufi order, known as the Mevlevis, and its founder, the poet and mystic, Mevlana Jalalu'ddin Rumi.

.The Masnavi had a profound influence on the development of Sufi religious thought; to many Sufis it is second in importance only to the Qur'an.^ Only when we reclaim our history will we be able to see that the origins of many religious ideas are African.

^ Most people find it easy to have many thoughts, but you only have control over something when you have the power to stop it.
  • The Kundalini Kriyass of Kriya Yoga!! Energy Enhancement Meditation Course Level 1 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.energyenhancement.org [Source type: General]

^ However it seems to me that atheists are stuck in the second state analogously as many religious people are stuck in the first state.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[88]
The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum located in Agra, India, that was built under Mughal[89]
.In the early 16th century, the Shi'ite Safavid dynasty assumed control in Persia and established Shi'a Islam as an official religion there, and despite periodic setbacks, the Safavids remained powerful for two centuries.^ That registration meant that during the third and fourth grades, Obama learned about Islam for two hours each week in religion class.
  • Was Barack Obama a Muslim? :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: General]

^ Anyway, there’s no denying this one is a life-affirming poem by a poet who early last century had to be very courageous to proclaim his atheism like this: .
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Anyway, there’s no denying this one is a life-affirming poem by a poet who early last century had to be very courageous to proclaim his atheism like this:" .
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Meanwhile, Mamluk Egypt fell to the Ottomans in 1517, who then launched a European campaign which reached as far as the gates of Vienna in 1529.[90] After the invasion of Persia, and sack of Baghdad by the Mongols in 1258, Delhi became the most important cultural centre of the Muslim east.^ I will argue that the issues of applied ethics that arise in Yorb culture (traditional and contemporary) are by far more complex than anything ventured by most contemporary African philosophers.

^ Slightly less far-reaching are those who at least strive for their own religion to not fragment into pieces.
  • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Who are the people that insist on creating the White and European image of a Church born and established in the Middle East?

.[91] Many Islamic dynasties ruled parts of the Indian subcontinent starting from the 12th century.^ This is independant of how many people follow being celibate Lets start there before we get to the cookies and soy milk part.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Srasenas ruled over the region now included in Bharatpur state from the 6th century to the 12th century A.D. Jainism developed much here at this time.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Nulamba Pallavas, who came into the limelight during the ninth and tenth centuries A.D., ruled in parts of modern Karaka and were feudatories of the Western Gagas.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.The prominent ones include the Delhi Sultanate (1206–1526) and the Mughal empire (1526–1857).^ Balban died in 1286 A.D. He was undoubtedly one of the main architects of the Sultanate of Delhi.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Struggle for Empire, P. 10; See also The Sultanate of Delhi by A. L. Srivastav, p.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.These empires helped in the spread of Islam in South Asia.^ These Muslims are permitted to say anything, including lies, or do anything -so long as it helps Islam.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These and the ever-present fear of a renewed Mughal invasion prevented Islam Shah from attempting to expand his empire.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

but by the mid-18th century the British empire had ended the Mughal dynasty.[92] In the 18th century the Wahhabi movement took hold in Saudi Arabia. .Founded by the preacher Ibn Abd al-Wahhab, Wahhabism is a fundamentalist ideology that condemns practices like Sufism and the veneration of saints as un-Islamic.^ Abd al-Malik ibn Hisham's "Life of Muhammad" relied on the earlier works.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ 'Abd al- Muttalib, I cannot avail you at all against Allah; O Safiya (aunt of the Messenger of Allah), I cannot avail you at all against Allah; 0 Fatima, daughter of Muhammad, ask me whatever you like, but I cannot avail you at all against Allah.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad's father's name was Abd Allāh ibn Abd al-Mullalib .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[93]
By the 17th and 18th centuries, despite attempts at modernization, the Ottoman empire had begun to feel threatened by European economic and military advantages. .In the 19th century, the rise of nationalism resulted in Greece declaring and winning independence in 1829, with several Balkan states following suit after the Ottomans suffered defeat in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878.^ It was 1830 before Greece achieved its independence, and 1912 before the rest of the Balkans and their predominantly Orthodox Christian populations were free of their Muslim oppressors.

^ The Chausa hoard also contains the statues not latter than tenth-eleventh century A.D. There are several Jaina idols at National Museum, New Delhi of the tenth or eleventh century A.D. 341 .
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In fact, during the first three centuries of the rise of Christianity, being a follower of Christ usually resulted in great hardship, persecution, and often martyrdom.

The Ottoman era came to a close at the end of World War I.[94]
.In the 19th century, the Salafi, Deobandi and Barelwi reform movements were initiated.^ In early 19th century Germany, many communities found themselves in conflict between traditional Judaism and the new Reform movement.
  • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Modern times (1918–present)

.After World War I losses, the remnants of the empire were parceled out as European protectorates or spheres of influence.^ But steadily the Jews were betrayed by Britain's administration of this mandate (and the demise of the British Empire can be dated from that betrayal); the land was parceled out to Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, etc.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Since then most Muslim societies have become independent nations, and new issues such as oil wealth and relations with the State of Israel have assumed prominence.^ Former governor of New Jersey Christine Todd Whitman has started a political action committee to elevate issues such as government spending and health care.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In this age of such highly advance science and technology, education has no doubt become the most universal exercise in faith known to modern man.

^ The Regional Co-ordinator of the National Youth Council (NYC), urged Muslim clerics to discuss issues relating to HIV to increase the awareness of the prevalence of the disease.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[95]
.The 20th century saw the creation of many new Islamic "revivalist" movements.^ In early 19th century Germany, many communities found themselves in conflict between traditional Judaism and the new Reform movement.
  • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ A rosary of Islamic readings, 7th to 20th century.

^ Library of Congress subject headings and keywords: Islam - 20th century, Islamic renewal See also the section below on Islamic fundamentalism .

.Groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and Jamaat-e-Islami in Pakistan advocate a totalistic and theocratic alternative to secular political ideologies.^ So why is it considered neutral and non-oppressive to advocate atheism as the controlling political ideology?
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

.Sometimes called Islamist, they see Western cultural values as a threat, and promote Islam as a comprehensive solution to every public and private question of importance.^ SOMEONE ELSE on January 29, 2007 at 12:49 every one do DUA that the kufar see the that islam is the truth.
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is the duty of every Muslim, they hold, to manifest the virtues of Islam so that those who are non-Muslims will convert willingly after discovering its greatness and truth.

^ Muslim promoters prefer to polish Islam's image by quoting the earlier abrogated Meccan passages that call for patience and forbearance - they nearly always hide or omit Medinan passages that clearly call for killing and maiming.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.In countries like Iran and Afghanistan (under the Taliban), revolutionary movements replaced secular regimes with Islamist states, while transnational groups like Osama bin Laden's al-Qaeda engage in terrorism to further their goals.^ Reaping the whirlwind : the Taliban movement in Afghanistan.

^ NBC’s “Dateline” interviews Irshad about al-Qaeda in Yemen, where she spoke with Bin Laden’s bodyguard .
  • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ UK: Extremist Islamist groups to be banned under new terror laws .
  • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.In contrast, Liberal Islam is a movement that attempts to reconcile religious tradition with modern norms of secular governance and human rights.^ Therefore, they can get away with flagrant human rights abuses without criticism and economic and military sanctions from our government.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, if the draft constitution is agreed upon, it could give religious clerics the authority to inflict human rights violations on Iraqi women, including denial of the rights to freedom of movement, property inheritance, and custody of their children.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The alignment of humanism with tangential liberal causes (abortion is the example mentioned in the article) says something interesting about atheism/secular humanism today.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

Its supporters say that there are multiple ways to read Islam's sacred texts, and stress the need to leave room for "independent thought on religious matters".[96]
.In modern times Islam has come under criticism from idealogues such as Robert Spencer[97] and Ibn Warraq,[98] who criticize Islamic law and question the morality of the Qur'an; for example, they say that its contents justify mistreatment of women and encourage antisemitic remarks by Muslim theologians;[99] such claims are disputed by Muslim scholars.^ Who is saying they can't have X with love?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Who is saying they can't?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I said that such claims are common in history, even in modern times.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[100] Montgomery Watt, Norman Daniel, and Edward Said dismiss many of the criticisms as the product of old myths and medieval European polemics.[101] .The rise of Islamophobia, according to Carl Ernst, had contributed to the negative views about Islam and Muslims in the West.^ Reports of this kind coming out of the Muslim communities living in the West should worry us, before anything else about religion worries us.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It may surprise Americans, but radical Islam believes the U.S., as the leader of the West, is the ultimate enemy of the Muslim world.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Dr. Maroof, the roots of misunderstanding about family planning and Islam are outdated.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[102]

Community

Muslim percentage of population by country

Demographics

Commonly cited estimates of the Muslim population in 2007 range from 1.1 billion to 1.8 billion. .Approximately 85% are Sunni and 15% are Shi'a, with a small minority belonging to other sects.^ The U.S. Department of Energy and others project that in about 15 years, we will be importing approximately 100% of the oil we need.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some 30–40 countries are Muslim-majority, and Arabs account for around 20% of all Muslims worldwide.^ Nonetheless, Menem was not threatened or otherwise made to pay a price for his change of religion, even during his trips to majority-Muslim countries, Syria in particular.
  • Was Barack Obama a Muslim? :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: General]

^ Akhtar on November 04, 2006 at 08:20 Well, first of all my friend, its good to see u , i mean people with some patience here..
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Between 2003-2005, roughly 1 million Muslims converted to Christianity in Arab countries.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.South Asia and Southeast Asia contain the most populous Muslim countries, with Indonesia, India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh having more than 100 million adherents each.^ On another subject, having read through more than half of these posts, I see only two from believers.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I would wager no one on this blog is a “sheep” and I will bet dollars for doughnuts most of us would agree more with what Sam Harris represents than less.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The group is composed of Hindus, Buddhists, Jews, Muslims, and Christians--Protestant and Roman Catholic--from more than twenty countries.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[103] .According to U.S. government figures, in 2006 there were 20 million Muslims in China.^ November 23, 2006 at 08:06 Can any of the Muslim friends out there tell me the meaning of 786?
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

^ November 12, 2006 at 11:51 My dear Muslim freind, So u have never been in a gurudwara & u know whats taught there ???
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no arguing the fact that Muslims believe the Apostle John (Yahaya) was born and died according to the first verse.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[104] .In the Middle East, the non-Arab countries of Turkey and Iran are the largest Muslim-majority countries; in Africa, Egypt and Nigeria have the most populous Muslim communities.^ Next to the Islamic countries of the middle east, it is the most religious country in the the world.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Everyday life in the Muslim Middle East .

^ Is this your assessment of the vast majority of the population in muslim countries?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[103] .Islam is the second largest religion after Christianity in many European countries.^ In European Christian countries, Wait a minute...
  • The real God is HOLY [Archive] - Lebanese Forces Official Forums 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC www.lebanese-forces.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is not Islam, but those who interpret its teachings, that are responsible for many misunderstandings as with other religions.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lisa on March 14, 2007 at 09:51 I recently converted from a christian to a muslim, Thank you so much for welcoming me into the beautiful religion Islam!!
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

[105]

Mosques

File:Eid Prayers at the Badshahi Mosque.jpeg
.Eid prayers on the holiday of Eid al-Fitr at the Badshahi Mosque, Pakistan.^ Once Allah's Apostle went out to the Musalla (to offer the prayer) o 'Id-al-Adha or Al-Fitr prayer.

The days of Eid are important occasions on the Islamic calendar.
.A mosque is a place of worship for Muslims, who often refer to it by its Arabic name, masjid.^ The Arabic word "Islam" means the submission or surrender of one's will to the only true god worthy of worship "Allah" and anyone who does so is termed a "Muslim", The word also implies "peace" which is the natural consequence of total submission to the will of Allah.
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Yoruba devotion to the Orishas, who were often referred to as "Santos" ("saints") by both slave and slave-owners, was mistakenly seen as the "fanatical" worship of demigods and the neglect of "God."

^ The Muslims are required to pray 5 times a day in Arabic to a God who is not there, from the moment they embrace Islam; and when they do so they touch their head to the floor.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.The word mosque in English refers to all types of buildings dedicated to Islamic worship, although there is a distinction in Arabic between the smaller, privately owned mosque and the larger, "collective" mosque (masjid jāmi`).^ There is always pure and perfect harmony and unity between the Word of God and the Works of God.

^ Then the remaining part of the hadith was narrated as transmitted by A'mash but with the exception of these words: There was a dispute between me and another person in regard to a well.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In fact, there is an If poem from j Ogb, the very first book of the If Literary Corpus, in which the distinction between Or and w is stated concisely.

.Although the primary purpose of the mosque is to serve as a place of prayer, it is also important to the Muslim community as a place to meet and study.^ In June 1991, Siraj Wahaj, a Black convert to Islam, and a recipient of the American Muslim Communities highest honors, delivered the daily prayer at the U.S. House of Representatives.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Sobornaya Mosque is one of only four in Moscow serving a Muslim population of 2.5 million.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He ordered both of them to be stoned (to death) , near the place of offering the funeral prayers beside the mosque."
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Modern mosques have evolved greatly from the early designs of the 7th century, and contain a variety of architectural elements such as minarets.^ There are also some 86,000 quotations from the early church fathers and several thousand Lectionaries (church-service books containing Scripture quotations used in the early centuries of Christianity).
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Bhigukachchha, one of the oldest parts of India, identified with modern Bharuch in Gujarat, was a popular Jaina centre in the early centuries of the Christian era.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Written in a church cemetery early last century by a brave atheist it seems to me to describe a form of reincarnation that is not an insult to reason in the way such as Hinduism and Buddhism are.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[106]

Family life

.The basic unit of Islamic society is the family, and Islam defines the obligations and legal rights of family members.^ Zimmis are generally denied the right to appeal to an Islamic court in family matters, marriage, divorce, and inheritance.

^ All four schools agree dogmatically on the basic creeds of Islam but differ in their interpretations of Islamic law which is derived from four sources: .

^ I have answers from science that make sense to me about why I love my family and friends, and why I care about them, and why I cry for them, and why I am motivated to be a productive member of my society.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.The father is seen as financially responsible for his family, and is obliged to cater for their well-being.^ Security involves financial well-being, but is also tied to love, companionship, and an over all sense of OK. .
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You said: "Security involves financial well-being, but is also tied to love, companionship, and an over all sense of OK." .
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I said: "But I don't see any of the things listed above [financial well-being, love, companionship...
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.The division of inheritance is specified in the Qur'an, which states that most of it is to pass to the immediate family, while a portion is set aside for the payment of debts and the making of bequests.^ LJ: "Congress sets the ethical standards of civil activity by passing laws that make certain acts illegal (along with the states.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It just doesn't add up : Surah 4:11-12 and 4:176 state the Qur'anic inheritance law.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Most portions start off with one of two different sorts of indentations, but this portion is not immediately accessible when one scans the Torah scroll.
  • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

.The woman's share of inheritance is generally half of that of a man with the same rights of succession.^ A woman's testimony is worth half that of a man?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Her kin still retained rights, and a woman could also dismiss a man; and any children begotten belonged to the wife's lineage.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The cat is as tall as both the man and woman, and has the same number of fingers as well.

[107] .Marriage in Islam is a civil contract which consists of an offer and acceptance between two qualified parties in the presence of two witnesses.^ Marriage ceremonies are officiated by a sheikh and must have a witness, but do not require the presence of family.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The groom is required to pay a dowry (mahr) to the bride, as stipulated in the contract.[108]
.A man may marry up to four wives if he believes he can treat them equally, while a woman may marry one man only.^ Islam allows polygamy: A man may marry up to four wives at one time.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One shows the airport chemist's shop, where a young man is trying to summon up the courage to ask for condoms.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It only has to do with God's nature and the three persons /natures that make up the one God.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.In most Muslim countries, the process of divorce in Islam is known as talaq, which the husband initiates by pronouncing the word "divorce".[109] Scholars disagree whether Islamic holy texts justify traditional Islamic practices such as veiling and seclusion (purdah).^ To solve all the contradictions in the Qur'an, Islamic a scholars decided the later/most recent conflicting revelations override the earlier revelations.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Internet Islamic History Sourcebook http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/islam/islamsbook.html Provides links to online collections of texts on the history of Islam, Islamic civilization, and Islamic countries.

^ As known from the traditions contianed in Jaina canonical texts 144 , this place was visited by Prva and Mahvra.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.Starting in the 20th century, Muslim social reformers argued against these and other practices such as polygamy, with varying success.^ These are a good start to Reformed teachings.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was consistently rated as the highest producing, most successful game when played consistently against opponents playing any other games over a sufficiently long time period.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ These nations practiced cruelty and immorality against the immoral people God brought them against.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.At the same time, many Muslim women have attempted to reconcile tradition with modernity by combining an active life with outward modesty.^ At the same time many phonies have been exposed.
  • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Shakyamuni is really saying that although he has been a Buddha eternally, he has been a common mortal also, at the same time, with all the lower nine worlds in his life also.

^ "By the same reasoning, so many exacting conditions are necessary for life on earth that they could not possibly exist in proper relationship by chance."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Certain Islamist groups and regimes like the Taliban mostly seek to continue traditional law as applied to women.^ [This book does a nice overview of various portions of Jewish law and how it applies to women.
  • Judaism Reading List: Introduction and General (Pt. I) 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

^ UK: Extremist Islamist groups to be banned under new terror laws .
  • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

[110]

Calendar

.The formal beginning of the Muslim era was chosen to be the Hijra in 622 CE, which was an important turning point in Muhammad's fortunes.^ The first year of the Muslim era dates from the Hijra , the emigration of the Prophet Mohammad to Medina.

^ The Muslim high point in Europe ended when they were turned back from Vienna on September 11, 1683 A.D. .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The accession of Jaavarman and Kulaekhara in 1190 A.D. may be regarded as a turning point in the fortunes of the Pdyas.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.The assignment of this year as the year 1 AH (Anno Hegirae) in the Islamic calendar was reportedly made by Caliph Umar.^ Freeman-Grenville, G. S. P. The Islamic and Christian calendars : AD 622-2222 (AH 1-1650) : a complete guide for converting Christian and Islamic dates and dates of festivals.

^ According to the Muslim calendar the Hijra dates to Anno Hegeirae, or AH 1.

^ The Gregorian calendar dates this event to 622 CE. A more recent example is the year 2004 in the Gregorian calendar is the Islamic year of 1425.

.It is a lunar calendar, with nineteen ordinary years of 354 days and eleven leap years of 355 days in a thirty-year cycle.^ They also fast for one lunar month of thirty days; they start their fast at the last watch of the night and continue till the setting of the sun.

^ We agree on a clock and a calendar, and a set of means to use them to determine the year, month, day, hour and so on.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Islamic dates cannot be converted to CE/AD dates simply by adding 622 years: allowance must also be made for the fact that each Hijri century corresponds to only 97 years in the Christian calendar.^ Freeman-Grenville, G. S. P. The Islamic and Christian calendars : AD 622-2222 (AH 1-1650) : a complete guide for converting Christian and Islamic dates and dates of festivals.

^ The only comment I made was "Sam Harris who slams Islam and theists" as part of a larger argument which was stated as a fact not an inflammatory or derogatory remark.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Islamic law, if a Muslim man or woman dares to convert to Christianity, then their relatives have a right to kill them.

[111] The year 1428 AH coincides almost completely with 2007 CE.
.Islamic holy days fall on fixed dates of the lunar calendar, which means that they occur in different seasons in different years in the Gregorian calendar.^ Freeman-Grenville, G. S. P. The Islamic and Christian calendars : AD 622-2222 (AH 1-1650) : a complete guide for converting Christian and Islamic dates and dates of festivals.

^ That means they were written about 3000 years after the fact.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Also the video examines the ways Islamic rhetoric is used by radicals to wage holy war against what they perceive as Christian America.

.The most important Islamic festivals are Eid al-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر) on the 1st of Shawwal, marking the end of the fasting month Ramadan, and Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى) on the 10th of Dhu al-Hijjah, coinciding with the pilgrimage to Mecca.^ He (the bedouin) said: Your messenger told us that it had been made obligatory for us to fast every year during the month of Ramadan.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Once Allah's Apostle went out to the Musalla (to offer the prayer) o 'Id-al-Adha or Al-Fitr prayer.

^ According to archaeologists, the chief deity of Mecca was the moon-god called al-ilah (meaning the god or the idol), which was shortened to Allah in pre-Islamic times.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[112]

Other religions

A view of the Dome of the Rock on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, a holy site in both Islam and Judaism that has been a source of controversy
The Al-Aqsa Mosque congregation building. Muslims believe that Muhammad ascended to heaven on this site.
.According to Islamic doctrine, Islam was the primordial religion of mankind, professed by Adam.^ I believe, as you mentioned in your article, that the majority of the masses who profess to believe in religion/Christianity do not actually believe in the actual doctrines.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Mongol invaders, and later the Turks, were soon converted to Islam and became the carriers of Islamic religion, culture, and political power.
  • http://www.hinduism.co.za 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hinduism.co.za [Source type: Original source]

^ If I am wrong then billions of others who profess no religion, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, primitive religions, Wicca, and on and on and on are all destined to burn in hell.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[113] .At some point, a religious split occurred, and God began sending prophets to bring his revelations to the people.^ In fact it is perplexing to me that billions of people are "religious"---a great majority of the world's population-- and we still have more evil than any god could ever wish for.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That is, that God would never send a prophet who was a descendent of Ishmael instead of one from the line of Isaac.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ My point is that generally speaking scientists are less religious than lay people and scientists in the "hard" sciences are less religious than scientists in the "soft" and social sciences.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[114] .In this view, Abraham, Moses, Hebrew prophets, and Jesus were all prophets of Islam, but their message and the texts of the Torah and the Gospels were corrupted by Jews and Christians.^ It in no way implies that the text of the Gospel of Jesus (Injil) has been corrupted.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Or for Christians to kill Jesus, for Muslims to kill Muhammad, for Jews to kill Moses, for Taoists to kill Lao Tzu, for Sikhs to kill Guru Nanak, or for adherents of any other religion to kill the founder or current leader?
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Surah 3 : 48 - And He (Isa/Jesus) will teach him the Book and the wisdom and the Tavrat (Torah) and the Injeel (Christian Gospel) .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Similarly, children of non-Muslim families are born Muslims, but are converted to another faith by their parents.^ Children the world over are indoctrinated into one or another supernatural 'faith' system,depending on where they are born,and what religion their parents and community believe in.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The son of two Muslim Syrian immigrants and husband of another Syrian-Argentine, Zulema Fátima Yoma, Menem converted to Roman Catholicism.
  • Was Barack Obama a Muslim? :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: General]

^ BTW, Fr Bede who was born into an Anglican family converted to Catholicism after he found his way to Christianity from atheism.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[115] .The idea of Islamic supremacy is encapsulated in the formula "Islam is exalted and nothing is exalted above it."^ However, representatives of the Women's Organization of the Kurdistan Islamic Union, which promotes an Islamic basis for legislation say that the idea that Islam is bad for women is based on misinterpretations.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The black stone of Ka'aba is nothing but a holdover within Islam, from pre-Islamic paganism.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[116] .Pursuant to this principle, Muslim women may not marry non-Muslim men, defamation of Islam is prohibited, and the testimony of a non-Muslim is inadmissible against a Muslim.^ Most Muslim jurists agree that fertility management is permissible, and that pleasure in sexual intercourse is a right for both men and women.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It may surprise Americans, but radical Islam believes the U.S., as the leader of the West, is the ultimate enemy of the Muslim world.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad commanded Muslims to spread Islam through Offensive Jihad; or conquest of non-Muslim lands.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[117]
.Islamic law divides non-Muslims into several categories, depending on their relation with the Islamic state.^ Islamic law Islamic renewal Jerusalem in Islam Jihad Koran Middle East Muslim saints Muslims Prophets, pre-Islamic Slavery and Islam .

^ Library of Congress subject headings: Islamic ethics , Islamic law , religious life - Islam Related subjects and keywords: courts, Islamic; Islam - doctrines; Koran - ethics .

^ In Shiite strongholds calls are increasing for Iraq to become an Islamic state that would mean the establishment of Muslim law.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Christians and Jews who live under Islamic rule are known as dhimmis.^ Maybe you have been prejudiced against Christianity in the past, because you were turned off by an inadequate example of it in a church or in the lives of some individuals who called themselves Christians.
  • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Pope Benedict XVI beatified a woman known as “Mamma Rosa,” who lived in the early 20th century and raised 11 kids.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was written by the followers of Jesus Christ, who were telling Jews who lived IN THE DAY of Jesus, and were telling them that He fulfilled the prophecies.
  • The real God is HOLY [Archive] - Lebanese Forces Official Forums 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC www.lebanese-forces.org [Source type: Original source]

Dhimmis must pay tribute (jizya) to the Islamic state, and as such are considered "protected peoples." Historically, dhimmis enjoyed a measure of communal autonomy under their own religious leaders, but were subject to legal, social and religious restrictions as well as humiliating regulations meant to highlight the inferiority of non-Muslim subjects.[118] .The status was extended to Zoroastrians and sometimes to polytheists (such as Hindus), but not to atheists or agnostics.^ To Ibdat Khna, he invited the people of all religions - Christians, Zoroastrians, Hindus, Jainas and even atheists.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Written in a church cemetery early last century by a brave atheist it seems to me to describe a form of reincarnation that is not an insult to reason in the way such as Hinduism and Buddhism are.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[119] .Those who live in non-Muslim lands (dar al-harb) are known as harbis, and upon entering into an alliance with the Muslim state become known as ahl al-ahd.^ Muslims state that Jews have no right to live in the Holy land.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ February 03, 2006 at 03:44 anyway for the non muslims who think this is fake, y r u on this site????
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I wish you would live long, who were involved in making this website so that you can do more & more for the sake of Islam & Muslims.
  • How to Convert to Islam and Become a Muslim - The Religion of Islam 1 February 2010 2:35 UTC www.islamreligion.com [Source type: General]

.Those who receive a guarantee of safety while residing temporarily in Muslim lands are known as ahl al-amān.^ The Muslim Qur'an was made up supposedly from "memory" from those who supposedly committed the words of Muhammad to memory, and from a few scraps found under a bed.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Verse 122 addresses those Muslims who thought about deserting before this battle.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Count for me those who profess al-Islam.
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Their legal position is similar to that of the dhimmi except that they are not required to pay the jizya.^ But I would guess that many men are not in your position and so they do not have the comfort of holding similar, luxurious views about life and women.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But I would guess that many men are not in your position and so they do not have the comfort of holding similar, luxurious views about life and women" .
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Except we usually don't pay attention to how opposites do more than attract—they're absolutely dependent on each other.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.The people of armistice (ahl al-hudna) are those who live outside of Muslim territory and agree to refrain from attacking the Muslims.^ Then i want to say to the other people who is not muslim that you don't need to be muslim because you have seen this miracles that allah have sent down.
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Those people who go out and get remarried fall into the same divorce statistics as the one's doing it for the first time.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the new economy or covenant that was made with all peoples, those who are trusting in themselves will suffer the second death spoken of in the book of Revelations.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[120][121] .Apostasy is prohibited, and is punishable by death.^ Apostasy is punishable by death in Islam (from the Hadith): .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[122][123]

Denominations

.Although the Qur'an ordains that Muslims are not to be divided into divisions or sections and rather be united under a common goal of faith in one God alone[Qur'an 3:103], Islam consists of a number of religious denominations that are essentially similar in belief but which have significant theological and legal differences.^ In Islam, theologians divide the Qur'an into the Meccan and Medinan suras.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is not a faith or belief in any religion or god.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One can't force belief in God.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.The primary division is between the Sunni and the Shi'a, with Sufism generally considered to be a mystical inflection of Islam rather than a distinct school.^ The deeper issue – of why there is something rather than nothing – is for mystics to contemplate” p.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In my opinion, we need scientific evidences of 'spiritualism' 'mysticism' and 'transcendence' before we can accept them as varifiable facts rather than hallucinations of a not so conscious mind.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Islam says that Hagar was the legitimate wife (and not a concubine) of Abraham, rather than Sarah ; so Ishmael was the heir of Abraham.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.According to most sources, approximately 85% of the world's Muslims are Sunni and approximately 15% are Shi'a, with a small minority who are members of other Islamic sects.^ Then i want to say to the other people who is not muslim that you don't need to be muslim because you have seen this miracles that allah have sent down.
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In other words, according to Vedic philosophy, every physical reality has a psychological aspect, and both the psychological and physical realms have an underlying reality that is the source of both other realms–¬–spiritual reality.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is only you fundamentalists - a small minority - who take your 2000 year old texts to be literal, and incompatible with basic scientific facts.
  • The real God is HOLY [Archive] - Lebanese Forces Official Forums 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC www.lebanese-forces.org [Source type: Original source]

[124]

Sunni

Divisions of Islam
.Sunni Muslims are the largest group in Islam.^ Sunni , one of two major branches of Islam, comprises an 85 percent majority of Muslims.

.In Arabic, as-Sunnah literally means "principle" or "path". The Sunnah (the example of Muhammad's life) as recorded in the Qur'an and the hadith is the main pillar of Sunni doctrine.^ The Sunnah refers to the way in which Muhammad led his life and the Hadith collects anecdotes about that life.

^ Arabic is the language of Islam - the language in which the Qur'an was written or "revealed" by God to Muhammad.

^ Sunnah and Hadith http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/fundamentals/hadithsunnah/ Along with the Qur'an, Sunnah and Hadith are the primary sources of Muslim law and practice.

.Sunnis believe that the first four caliphs were the rightful successors to Muhammad; since God did not specify any particular leaders to succeed him, those leaders had to be elected.^ It is believed that "al-llah" in Muhammad's time before Islam referred to a vague moon god and that Muhammad believed that al-Uzza was a daughter of this "al-llah".
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Did he profess" There is no god but Allah," and even then you killed him?
  • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ "God exalted him at his right hand as Leader and Savior" (Acts 5:31).
  • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

Sunnis recognize four major legal traditions, or madhhabs: Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i and Hanbali. .All four accept the validity of the others and a Muslim might choose any one that he or she finds agreeable, but other Islamic sects are believed to have departed from the majority by introducing innovations (bidah).^ And so it was with others, each one finding different things.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Believe in one, and you are believing in the other.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ How do we use what we have been given and is what we have of exceedingly great joy that we are willing to risk persecution that others might believe also?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

There are also several orthodox theological or philosophical traditions within Sunnism. .For example, the recent Salafi movement sees itself as restorationist and claims to derive its teachings from the original sources of Islam.^ Read the true history of Islam below and then look into your own heart to see if you are missing something; or if you have been lied to regarding Islam itself.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since it’s interesting to see the etymology of modern words derived from original Latin I’ll include the original here as well.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As for the Word of Faith movement, or as it is also called, the name it and claim it gospel, I do not accept that teaching as Biblical.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[125]

Shi'a

.The Shi'a, who constitute the second-largest branch of Islam, believe in the political and religious leadership of infallible Imams from the progeny of Ali ibn Abi Talib.^ But it is the religious who believe dreams are real.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Should a political group be formed by those who feel that the world needs to wake up from this long religious nightmare?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Religious militancy and self-assertion : Islam and politics in Nigeria.

.They believe that he, as the cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad, was his rightful successor, and they call him the first Imam (leader), rejecting the legitimacy of the previous Muslim caliphs.^ But if an imam delivers it, they say that it is right.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe thee, neither hearken to the voice of the first sign, that they will believe the voice of the latter sign."

^ And that the only reason they believed in the first place is because they were brainwashed (not voluntarily) as children.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.To them, an Imam rules by right of divine appointment and holds "absolute spiritual authority" among Muslims, having final say in matters of doctrine and revelation.^ But if an imam delivers it, they say that it is right.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ October 06, 2006 at 08:21 hahahah humanity we know the truth now muslims rock and muzlims rule is right sikhs fuck!!!
  • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Peter: “God counts as the only absolute authority of good and right.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[126][127] .Although the Shi'a share many core practices with the Sunni, the two branches disagree over the proper importance and validity of specific collections of hadith.^ Sunni , one of two major branches of Islam, comprises an 85 percent majority of Muslims.

^ It is reported by the two most reliable collections of Hadith; Bukhari and Muslim.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many people nowadays are spiritually inclined, but take a broad inclusive view to religion, believing that a variety of religious traditions and practices all have some validity.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

The Shi'a follow a legal tradition called Ja'fari jurisprudence.[128] .Shi'a Islam has several branches, the largest of which is the Twelvers (Template:ArabDIN), while the others are the Ismaili, the Seveners, and the Zaidiyyah.^ An introduction to Shi'i Islam : the history and doctrines of Twelver Shi'ism.

[129]

Sufism

Not strictly a denomination, Sufism is a mystical-ascetic form of Islam. .By focusing on the more spiritual aspects of religion, Sufis strive to obtain direct experience of God by making use of "intuitive and emotional faculties" that one must be trained to use.^ We will use analogies to make it more clear.

^ He must use Gods unique name.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Religion will have to make more concessions.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[130] .Sufism and Islamic law are usually considered to be complementary, although Sufism has been criticized by some Muslims for being an unjustified religious innovation.^ Woman are Deficient in Mind and body in Islam (taken from the Islamic Hadith): The intellectual and religious deficiencies of women are stated in the following Hadith found in Sahih al-Bukhari which is considered by Muslim scholars to be "The most authentic book after the Book of Allah (ie.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A fatwah is a decree issued by Muslim religious leaders to shed light on behavior in the Islamic way of life.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the 2005 media debate in Ontario, Canada over the use of shari’a law in Ontario mosques for singles and couples seeking religious approval for divorce, the non-Muslim (and parts of the Muslim) public there reacted with alarm to the idea that private, extra-legal processes were being used by some members of the Muslim community.
  • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

Most Sufi orders, or tariqas, can be classified as either Sunni or Shi'a.[131]

Ahmadiyya

.Ahmadiyya (Urdu: احمدِیہ) is a religious movement founded towards the end of the 19th century and originating with the life and teachings of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (1835–1908).^ In early 19th century Germany, many communities found themselves in conflict between traditional Judaism and the new Reform movement.
  • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ It reads, “Teach us to realize the brevity of life, so that we may grow in wisdom.” This captures the meaning of the original… .
  • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The Dictionary focuses primarily on the 19th and 20th centuries, providing a highly informative look at the religious, political, and social spheres of the modern Islamic world."

.Ghulam Ahmad was an important religious figure who claimed to have fulfilled the prophecies about the world reformer of the end times, who was to herald the Eschaton as predicted in the traditions of various world religions and bring about the final triumph of Islam as per Islamic prophecy.^ Other religions claim many fulfilled prophecies, too (Prophecy Fulfilled n.d.
  • The real God is HOLY [Archive] - Lebanese Forces Official Forums 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC www.lebanese-forces.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Traditional African religion is the oldest religion in the world.

^ "I'm an "old world" person who loves unbroken traditions that have lasted two thousand years" .
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.He claimed that he was the Mujaddid (divine reformer) of the 14th Islamic century, the promised Messiah (“Second Coming of Christ”) and Mahdi awaited by Muslims.^ Thousands of the Hebrew Old Testament manuscript copies are still available for textual criticism, ranging in age from the second century B.C. (Before Christ) to the eleventh century A.D. (After Christ).
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muslims are coming to Christ in North America, too, although not to the same extent as in Muslim countries.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Islamic faith is thriving and if current trends continue, more than half of Russia's population will be Muslim by mid-century.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[132][133][134][135][136] .Ahmadi emphasis lay in the belief that Islam is the final law for humanity as revealed to Muhammad and the necessity of restoring to it its true essence and pristine form, which had been lost through the centuries.^ Hubal was an oracular deity whose statue -- in human form and made of red carneol -- stood in the Ka'ba until Muhammad destroyed it.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With continuing cruching racism against them, despite their nominal status as Arabs and Caucasians through forced religious beliefs, they are confused and lost.

^ It comes from one source alone; a supposedly nazil ( or tanzil - the belief it has been sent down from God, unfettered by human hands) revelation to Muhammad only.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Thus, Ahmadis view themselves as leading the revival and peaceful propagation of Islam.^ Islam Is Peace...Please no personal comments,Just my view [162 words] .
  • Confirmed: Barack Obama Practiced Islam :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[137] .The Ahmadis were among the earliest Muslim communities to arrive in Britain and other Western countries.^ Tensions are already high between the country's ethnic Russian population and the diverse group of nationalities that make up the Muslim community.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Why is it that Muslims are allowed to establish mosques and Islamic centers in the western world, when the same privilege is not granted to Christians in many Muslim countries?
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Western countries, Muslim women tend to do better in education than Muslim men.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[137]

Others

.The Kharijites are a sect that dates back to the early days of Islam.^ Sufism , a third important sect of Islam, originated in the early eighth century.

The only surviving branch of the Kharijites is Ibadism. .Unlike most Kharijite groups, Ibadism does not regard sinful Muslims as unbelievers.^ The extremist Muslims may be the most vocal group right now, but they aren't the ones doing most of the killing.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The disjunction between virtue and sexuality is most clearly seen with regard to adultery which is unequivocally condemned as a great sin in the dharma texts.” .
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Scripture is regarded as a human interpretation, not a literal transcription of the word of God (unlike Muslim belief in the literalness of the Koran, to give an opposite example).
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

The Imamate is an important topic in Ibadi legal literature, which stipulates that the leader should be chosen solely on the basis of his knowledge and piety, and is to be deposed if he acts unjustly. Most Ibadi Muslims live in Oman.[138]
.The Yazidi, Druze, Bábí, Bahá'í, Berghouata and Ha-Mim movements either emerged out of Islam or came to share certain beliefs with Islam.^ Since there is something it is 100% certain that it either "just is" are that "it came in to being", and in either case it is 100% certain that we can't know which.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since God made our resources in a certain way, out of certain elements, for our survival we were created to live and share them with other life forms that have also been created to live with us.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some consider themselves separate while others still sects of Islam though controversial in certain beliefs with mainstream Muslims.^ More significantly, how would more mainstream Muslims respond to him, would they be angry at what they would consider his apostasy?
  • Was Barack Obama a Muslim? :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: General]

^ Some Shiite Muslims stab themselves in the head on this "holiday", making a cut on their heads and beating the wound so it keeps bleeding.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Among other things, t he religion of Islam is a brain-washing religion, and that is why so many Muslims turn into craz y mindless zombies .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Sikhism, founded by Guru Nanak in late fifteenth century Punjab, incorporates aspects of both Islam and Hinduism.^ Sikhism is a rather recent religious movement founded by Guru Nanak (1469 - 1538 AD).

[139]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b L. Gardet; J. Jomier. "Islam". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
  2. ^ "Lane's lexicon". http://www.studyquran.org/LaneLexicon/Volume4/00000137.pdf. Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  3. ^ This claim is made by Islamic population. Other sources give a range from 1 billion to 1.8 billion.[1]
  4. ^ "Major Religions of the World—Ranked by Number of Adherents" (HTML). http://www.adherents.com/Religions_By_Adherents.html#Islam. Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  5. ^ See:
  6. ^ a b See:
    • Accad (2003): According to Ibn Taymiya, although only some Muslims accept the textual veracity of the entire Bible, most Muslims will grant the veracity of most of it.
    • Esposito (1998), pp.6,12
    • Esposito (2002b), pp.4–5
    • F. E. Peters (2003), p.9
    • F. Buhl; A. T. Welch. "Muhammad". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
    • Hava Lazarus-Yafeh. "Tahrif". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
  7. ^ Esposito (2002b), p.17
  8. ^ See:
    • Esposito (2002b), pp.111,112,118
    • "Shari'ah". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  9. ^ See:
    • Esposito (2002b), p.21
    • Esposito (2004), pp.2,43
  10. ^ Qur'an 6:125, Qur'an 61:7, Qur'an 39:22
  11. ^ Qur'an 5:3, Qur'an 3:19, Qur'an 3:83
  12. ^ See:
  13. ^ Qur'an 2:4, Qur'an 2:285, Qur'an 4:136
  14. ^ Sahih Muslim 1:1
  15. ^ See:
    • Farah (2003), p.109
    • Momen (1987), p.176
  16. ^ Esposito (2004), pp.17,18,21
  17. ^ See:
    • Momem (1987), p.176
    • "Islam". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  18. ^ Qur'an 30:30
  19. ^ See:
  20. ^ "Islam", Encyclopedia of Religion
  21. ^ See:
    • "Islam and Christianity", Encyclopedia of Christianity (2001): Arabic-speaking Christians and Jews also refer to God as Allāh.
    • L. Gardet. "Allah". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
  22. ^ David Thomas. "Tathlith, Trinity". Encyclopaedia of the Qur'an Online. : Contrary to Muslim understanding, some scholars have suggested that the Qur'an only opposes certain deviant forms of Trinitarian belief.
  23. ^ See:
    • Qur'an 112:1–4
    • Esposito (2002b), pp.74–76
    • Esposito (2004), p.22
    • Griffith (2006), p.248
    • D. Gimaret. "Allah, Tawhid". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  24. ^ "Qur'an". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  25. ^ See:
    • William Montgomery Watt in The Cambridge History of Islam, p.32
    • F. E. Peters (1991), pp.3–5: "Few have failed to be convinced that … the Quran is … the words of Muhammad, perhaps even dictated by him after their recitation."
  26. ^ See:
    • "Islam". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
    • "Qur'an". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  27. ^ Esposito (2004), p.79
  28. ^ See:
    • Esposito (2004), pp.79–81
    • "Tafsir". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  29. ^ See:
    • Teece (2003), pp.12,13
    • C. Turner (2006), p.42
    • "Qur'an". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. : The word Qur'an was invented and first used in the Qur'an itself. There are two different theories about this term and its formation.
  30. ^ Qur'an 21:19–20, Qur'an 35:1
  31. ^ See:
    • Qur'an 35:1
    • Esposito (2002b), pp.26–28
    • W. Madelung. "Malā'ika". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
    • Gisela Webb. "Angel". Encyclopaedia of the Qur'an Online. 
  32. ^ See:
    • Esposito (1998), p.12
    • Esposito (2002b), pp.4–5
    • F. E. Peters (2003), p.9
    • "Muhammad". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  33. ^ See:
    • Qur'an 18:110
    • F. Buhl; A. T. Welch. "Muhammad". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
  34. ^ See:
    • F.E.Peters(2003), pp.78,79,194
    • Lapidus (2002), pp.23–28
  35. ^ F. Buhl; A. T. Welch. "Muhammad". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
  36. ^ See:
    • Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World (2003), p.666
    • J. Robson. "Hadith". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
    • D. W. Brown. "Sunna". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
  37. ^ See:
    • "Resurrection", The New Encyclopedia of Islam (2003)
    • "Avicenna". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. : Ibn Sīnā, Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Sīnā is known in the West as "Avicenna".
    • L. Gardet. "Qiyama". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
  38. ^ Qur'an 9:72
  39. ^ See:
    • Smith (2006), p.89; Encyclopedia of Islam and Muslim World, p.565
    • "Heaven", The Columbia Encyclopedia (2000)
    • Asma Afsaruddin. "Garden". Encyclopaedia of the Qur'an Online. 
    • "Paradise". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  40. ^ See:
    • Qur'an 9:51
    • D. Cohen-Mor (2001), p.4: "The idea of predestination is reinforced by the frequent mention of events 'being written' or 'being in a book' before they happen: 'Say: "Nothing will happen to us except what Allah has decreed for us…" ' "
    • Ahmet T. Karamustafa. "Fate". Encyclopaedia of the Qur'an Online. : The verb qadara literally means "to measure, to determine". Here it is used to mean that "God measures and orders his creation".
  41. ^ See:
    • Farah (2003), pp.119–122
    • Patton (1900), p.130
  42. ^ Momen (1987), pp.177,178
  43. ^ See:
    • Momem (1987), p.178
    • "Pillars of Islam". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  44. ^ See:
    • Farah (1994), p.135
    • Momen (1987), p.178
    • "Islam", Encyclopedia of Religious Rites, Rituals, and Festivals(2004)
  45. ^ See:
    • Esposito (2002b), pp.18,19
    • Hedáyetullah (2006), pp.53–55
    • Kobeisy (2004), pp.22–34
    • Momen (1987), p.178
  46. ^ See:
    • Qur'an 2:177
    • Esposito (2004), p.90
    • Momen (1987), p.179
    • "Zakat". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
    • "Zakat". Encyclopaedia of the Qur'an Online. 
  47. ^ See:
  48. ^ See:
    • Farah (1994), pp.145–147
    • Goldschmidt (2005), p.48
    • "Hajj". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  49. ^ Momen (1987), p.180
  50. ^ "Shari'ah". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  51. ^ See:
    • Menski (2006), p.290
    • B. Carra de Vaux; J. Schacht, A.M. Goichon. "Hadd". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
    • N. Calder; M. B. Hooker. "Sharia". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
  52. ^ Weiss (2002), pp.xvii,162
  53. ^ See:
    • Esposito (2004), p.84
    • Lapidus (2002), pp.502–507,845
    • Lewis (2003), p.100
  54. ^ See:
  55. ^ Esposito (2003), p.93
  56. ^ Firestone (1999) pp. 17-18
  57. ^ Reuven Firestone (1999), The Meaning of Jihād, p. 17-18
  58. ^ Britannica Encyclopedia, Jihad
  59. ^ a b "Djihād". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
  60. ^ "Dar al-`Ahd". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
  61. ^ For most Shias, offensive jihad can only be declared by a divinely appointed leader of the Muslim community, and as such is suspended since Muhammad al-Mahdi's occultation at 868 AD. cf. Sachedina (1998) p. 105 and 106
  62. ^ Knowing the Enemy: Jihadist Ideology and the War on Terror, Mary R. Habeck, Yale University Press, p.108-109, 118
  63. ^ See:
    • Firestone (1999) p.17
    • "Djihad", Encyclopedia of Islam Online.
  64. ^ See:
    • Brockopp (2003) pp. 99–100
    • Esposito (2003), p.93
    • "jihad". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  65. ^ a b John Stothoff Badeau and John Richard Hayes, The Genius of Arab civilization: source of Renaissance. Taylor & Francis. 1983. p. 104
  66. ^ Great Mosque of Kairouan (Muslim Heritage.com)
  67. ^ See:
    • Lapidus (2002), pp.50,112,197,380,489,578,817
    • Lewis (2004), pp.29,51–56
  68. ^ See:
    • Holt (1977a), p.57
    • Hourani (2003), p.22
    • Lapidus (2002), p.32
    • Madelung (1996), p.43
    • Tabatabaei (1979), p.30–50
  69. ^ See
    • Holt (1977a), p.74
    • L. Gardet; J. Jomier. "Islam". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
  70. ^ Holt (1977a), pp.67–72
  71. ^ Waines (2003) p.46
  72. ^ Donald Puchala, ‘’Theory and History in International Relations,’’ page 137. Routledge, 2003.
  73. ^ See:
    • Lapidus (2002), pp.90,91
    • "Sufism". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  74. ^ Hawting (2000), p.4
  75. ^ Lapidus (2002), p.56; Lewis (1993), pp. 71–83
  76. ^ See:
    • Holt (1977a), pp.80,92,105
    • Holt (1977b), pp.661–663
    • Lapidus (2002), p.56
    • Lewis (1993), p.84
    • L. Gardet; J. Jomier. "Islam". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
  77. ^ See:
    • Lapidus (2002), p.103–143
    • "Abbasid Dynasty". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  78. ^ Hermann Kulke, Dietmar Rothermund, A History of India. Routledge, 1998, page 154.
  79. ^ Lapidus (2002), p.86
  80. ^ See:
    • Lapidus (2002), p.160
    • Waines (2003) p.126,127
  81. ^ See:
    • Esposito (2004), pp.44–45
    • Lapidus (2002), pp.90–94
    • "Sufism". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  82. ^ Tolan (2002) xv, xvi, 41
  83. ^ See:
    • Novak (February 1999)
    • Sahas (1997), pp.76–80
  84. ^ Lapidus (2002), pp.288–290,310
  85. ^ See:
    • Lapidus (2002), p.292
    • "Islamic World". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  86. ^ See:
    • Holt (1977a), p.263
    • Lapidus (2002), p.250
    • "Istanbul". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  87. ^ Esposito (2004), pp.104,105
  88. ^ "Islamic Art". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  89. ^ Esposito (2004), p.65
  90. ^ See:
    • Lapidus (2002), pp.198,234,244,245,254
    • L. Gardet; J. Jomier. "Islam". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
  91. ^ Ikram, S. M. 1964. Muslim Civilization in India. New York: Columbia University Press
  92. ^ Lapidus (2002), pp.358,378–380,624
  93. ^ See:
    • Lapidus (2002), p.572
    • Watt (1973), p.18: Wahhabism should not be confused with the early Kharijite sect of Wahabiyya, which was named after Abd-Allah ibn-Wahb ar-Rasibi, who opposed Ali at Nahrawan.
  94. ^ Lapidus (2002), pp.380,489–493
  95. ^ Lapidus (2002), pp.281–282,380,489–493,556,578,823,835
  96. ^ See:
    • Esposito (2004), pp.118,119,179
    • Lapidus (2002), pp.823–830
  97. ^ Bostom, Andrew (July 21, 2003). "Islamic Apostates' Tales—A Review of Leaving Islam by Ibn Warraq". FrontPage Magazine (FrontPageMagazine.com). http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=9000. 
  98. ^ Rippin (2001), p.288
  99. ^ Timothy Garton Ash (10-05-2006). "Islam in Europe". The New York Review of Books (NYRB). http://www.nybooks.com/articles/19371. 
  100. ^ For example, see:
  101. ^
    • Seibert (1994), pp.88–89
    • Watt (1974), p.231
  102. ^ Ernst (2004), p.11
  103. ^ a b "Number of Muslim by country". nationmaster.com. http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/rel_isl_num_of_mus-religion-islam-number-of-muslim. Retrieved 2007-05-30. 
  104. ^ "International Religious Freedom Report 2006—China (includes Tibet, Hong Kong, and Macau)". U.S. department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. 2006. http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2006/71338.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-30. 
  105. ^ See:
  106. ^ See:
    • J. Pedersen; R. Hillenbrand, J. Burton-Page, et al.. "Masdjid". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
    • "Mosque". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  107. ^ "al-Mar'a". Encyclopaedia of Islam
  108. ^
    • Waines (2003) pp. 93–96
    • The Oxford Dictionary of Islam (2003), p.339
    • Esposito (1998) p. 79
  109. ^ *"Talak". Encyclopaedia of Islam
  110. ^
    • Esposito (2004), pp.95,96,235–241
    • Harald Motzki. "Marriage and Divorce". Encyclopaedia of the Qur'an. 
    • Lori Peek. "Marriage Practices". Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures. 
  111. ^ See:
    • Adil (2002), p.288
    • F. E. Peters (2003), p.67
    • B. van Dalen; R. S. Humphreys, Manuela Marín, et al.. "Tarikh̲". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
  112. ^ Ghamidi (2001): Customs and Behavioral Laws
  113. ^ Friedmann (2003), pp. 14–16
  114. ^ Friedmann (2003), pp. 18–19
  115. ^ Friedmann (2003), p. 18
  116. ^ Friedmann (2003), p. 35
  117. ^ See:
    • Friedmann (2003), p. 35;
    • Lewis (1984), p. 39
  118. ^ See:
    • Lewis (1984), pp.9, 27, 36;
    • Friedmann (2003), p. 37;
  119. ^ Lewis (2001), p.273
  120. ^ Friedmann (2003), p. 55
  121. ^ "Aman", Encyclopaedia of Islam
  122. ^ A woman who apostasizes is to be executed according to some jurists, or imprisoned according to others.
  123. ^ "Murtadd", Encyclopedia of Islam
  124. ^ See:
  125. ^ See:
    • Esposito (2003), pp.275,306
    • "Shariah". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
    • "Sunnite". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  126. ^ See
    • Lapidus (2002), p.46
    • "Imam". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
    • "Shi'ite". Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 
  127. ^ Imamat, by Naser Makarem Shirazi
  128. ^ See:
    • Ahmed (1999), pp.44–45
    • Nasr (1994), p.466
  129. ^ See:
  130. ^ Trimingham (1998), p.1
  131. ^ See:
  132. ^ “The Fourteenth-Century's Reformer / Mujaddid”, from the “Call of Islam”, by Maulana Muhammad Ali
  133. ^ Claims of Hadhrat Ahmad, Chapter Two
  134. ^ Reflection of all the Prophets
  135. ^ Future of Revelation, Part 7
  136. ^ The Removal of a Misunderstanding
  137. ^ a b The Ahmadi Muslim Community. Who are the Ahmadi Muslims and what do they believe? Waqar Ahmad Ahmedi gives a brief introduction to the Ahmadi branch of Islam. Times Online. May 27, 2008.
  138. ^ See:
  139. ^ Encyclopedia of Islam, "Sikhs"

References

Books and journals
  • Accad, Martin (2003). ."The Gospels in the Muslim Discourse of the Ninth to the Fourteenth Centuries: An Exegetical Inventorial Table (Part I)". Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations 14 (1).^ The fact that Muhammad and Allah told Muslims to believe in the Torah and Christian Gospels is a very bad dilemma for these professionals who wish to continue making a good living in Islam.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The fact that Muslims do not read and study the New Testament / the Gospel of Jesus is yet another contradiction in Islam.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Chola empire, which arose in the ninth century, covered a large part of the Peninsulars.
    • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

    .ISSN 0959-6410. 
  • Adil, Hajjah Amina; Shaykh Nazim Adil Al-Haqqani, Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani (2002).^ Abd al-Malik ibn Hisham's "Life of Muhammad" relied on the earlier works.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    Muhammad: The Messenger of Islam. Islamic Supreme Council of America. ISBN 978-1930409118. 
  • Ahmed, Akbar (1999). .Islam Today: A Short Introduction to the Muslim World (2.00 ed.^ On being a Muslim : finding a religious path in the world today.

    ^ Islam The Muslim world has the world's highest population growth rate (3.5%/year) January 2006 Bruce Sandquist Afghanistan: Imams to the Rescue in Curbing Maternal Mortality.
    • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim world.

    ). I. B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1860642579.
     
  • Brockopp, Jonathan E. (2003). .Islamic Ethics of Life: abortion, war and euthanasia.^ Library of Congress subject headings: Islamic ethics , Islamic law , religious life - Islam Related subjects and keywords: courts, Islamic; Islam - doctrines; Koran - ethics .

    ^ Islamic Law, Ethics & Religious Life .

    University of South Carolina press. ISBN 1570034710.
     
  • Cohen-Mor, Dalya (2001). .A Matter of Fate: The Concept of Fate in the Arab World as Reflected in Modern Arabic Literature.^ An investigation into the concepts of East African Islam as reflected in the Utenzi literature.

    ^ PH. You cannot even explain where immaterial concepts come from in a world that supposedly has its origin in matter.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As a matter of fact there is scarcely one of our recent political movements that does not refer at some point to this conception of the world.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
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    .Oxford University Press.^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.
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    ^ Alfred Guillaume, Oxford University Press), p.

    ^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1987.
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    ISBN 0195133986.
     
  • Curtis, Patricia A. (2005). A Guide to Food Laws and Regulations. Blackwell Publishing Professional. ISBN 978-0813819464. 
  • Eglash, Ron (1999). African Fractals: Modern Computing and Indigenous Design. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0-8135-2614-0. 
  • Ernst, Carl (2004). .Following Muhammad: Rethinking Islam in the Contemporary World.^ It is easy to overlook, but followers of Islam place their eternal salvation entirely on the whimsical sayings of only one single man - the imperfect and violent man Muhammad.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Islam's dark side was revealed when following 911, the entire Arab world laughed and celebrated their religion' s slaughter of thousands of Americans.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Ernst, Carl W. Following Muhammad : rethinking Islam in the contemporary world.

    University of North Carolina Press. .ISBN 0-8078-5577-4. 
  • Esposito, John; John Obert Voll (1996).^ Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck, John Obert Voll, and John L. Esposito.

    ^ Esposito, John L. and John O. Voll.

    Islam and Democracy. .Oxford University Press.^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Alfred Guillaume, Oxford University Press), p.

    ^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1987.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-19-510816-7. 
  • Esposito, John (1998). Islam: The Straight Path (3rd ed.). .Oxford University Press.^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Alfred Guillaume, Oxford University Press), p.

    ^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1987.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .ISBN 978-0195112344. 
  • Esposito, John; Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad (2000a).^ Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck and Jane Idleman Smith, eds.

    ^ Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck, John Obert Voll, and John L. Esposito.

    ^ Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck and John L. Esposito, eds.

    Muslims on the Americanization Path?. .Oxford University Press.^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Alfred Guillaume, Oxford University Press), p.

    ^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1987.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-19-513526-1. 
  • Esposito, John (2000b). Oxford History of Islam. .Oxford University Press.^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

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    ^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1987.
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    978-0195107999.
     
  • Esposito, John (2002a). .Unholy War: Terror in the Name of Islam.^ The way I see it, if I am expected to condemn every terrorist act committed in the name of Islam then atheists should condemn all secular acts of terror.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The crisis of Islam : holy war and unholy terror.

    .Oxford University Press.^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.
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    ^ Alfred Guillaume, Oxford University Press), p.

    ^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1987.
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    ISBN 978-0195168860.
     
  • Esposito, John (2002b). .What Everyone Needs to Know about Islam.^ I dont know about Islam???
    • Confirmed: Barack Obama Practiced Islam :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ His book 'Amsterdam' is as everyone knows NOT about that woman, Molly Lane, I highlighted.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ December 28, 2006 at 12:01 The first thing that one should know and clearly understand about Islam is what the word "Islam" itself means.
    • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Oxford University Press.^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Alfred Guillaume, Oxford University Press), p.

    ^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1987.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-19-515713-3.
     
  • Esposito, John (2003). .The Oxford Dictionary of Islam.^ "Designed for readers with little or no knowledge of Islam, the Oxford Dictionary of Islam provides [2,500] vividly-written, up-to-date, and authoritative entries.

    ^ The Oxford dictionary of Islam.

    .Oxford University Press.^ Oxford University Press.
    • Judaism Reading List: Introduction and General (Pt. I) 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Oxford University Press: bdn.

    ^ New York : Oxford University Press, 1998.

    ISBN 0-19-512558-4.
     
  • Esposito, John (2004). Islam: The Straight Path (3rd Rev Upd ed.). .Oxford University Press.^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Alfred Guillaume, Oxford University Press), p.

    ^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1987.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 978-0195182668.
     
  • Farah, Caesar (1994). Islam: Beliefs and Observances (5th ed.). Barron's Educational Series. ISBN 978-0812018530. 
  • Farah, Caesar (2003). Islam: Beliefs and Observances (7th ed.). Barron's Educational Series. ISBN 978-0764122266. 
  • Firestone, Reuven (1999). .Jihad: The Origin of Holy War in Islam.^ The crisis of Islam : holy war and unholy terror.

    ^ Jihad ( Holy War ) & Islamic Shaheed ( Martyrs ) hedonistic dreams / brainwashing The great Islamic Brothel /Sex Market in the sky .
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ All non-Muslims are included in the "house of war " , and thus, can be forced to accept Islam through Jihad, Holy War.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Oxford University Press.^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Alfred Guillaume, Oxford University Press), p.

    ^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1987.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 019-5125800.
     
  • Friedmann, Yohanan (2003). Tolerance and Coercion in Islam: Interfaith Relations in the Muslim Tradition. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521026994. 
  • Ghamidi, Javed (2001). Mizan. Dar al-Ishraq. OCLC 52901690. 
  • Goldschmidt, Jr., Arthur; Lawrence Davidson (2005). .A Concise History of the Middle East (8th ed.^ Islam in history : ideas, people, and events in the Middle East.

    ^ Moses' expertise was in Northeast African history and the Hamitic languages of Egypt, and not in Middle-East history or the Chaldee language that would later become known as the Hebrew language.

    ). Westview Press. ISBN 978-0813342757.
     
  • Griffith, Ruth Marie; Barbara Dianne Savage (2006). .Women and Religion in the African Diaspora: Knowledge, Power, and Performance.^ He sought this power that they might forever have faith in the knowledge of eternal life given to humanity by our African ancestors.

    .Johns Hopkins University Press.^ I was in the Friends of SNCC (Friends of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee) at the Johns Hopkins University in 1964-1965.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 0801883709.
     
  • Hawting, G. R. (2000). The First Dynasty of Islam: The Umayyad Caliphate AD 661–750. Routledge. ISBN 0415240735. 
  • Hedayetullah, Muhammad (2006). Dynamics of Islam: An Exposition. Trafford Publishing. ISBN 978-1553698425. 
  • Holt, P. M.; Bernard Lewis (1977a). Cambridge History of Islam, Vol. 1. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521291364. 
  • Holt, P. M.; Ann K. S. Lambton, Bernard Lewis (1977b). Cambridge History of Islam, Vol. 2. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521291372. 
  • Hourani, Albert; Ruthven, Malise (2003). A History of the Arab Peoples. Belknap Press; Revised edition. ISBN 978-0674010178. 
  • Humphreys, Stephen (2005). Between Memory and Desire. University of California Press. ISBN 052-0246918. 
  • Kobeisy, Ahmed Nezar (2004). .Counseling American Muslims: Understanding the Faith and Helping the People.^ The angel tale or story is no more than the attempt to help muslims understand the nature of being able to do good and bad.

    ^ Abdullah, to me it seems that the critiques of atheism from faithful people come from a perspective that cannot understand a lack of faith.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ President Barack Obama’s nomination of Francis Collins to head the National Institutes of Health is good news for scientists, for people of faith, and for all Americans.
    • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    Praeger Publishers. ISBN 978-0313324727.
     
  • Koprulu, Mehmed Fuad; Leiser, Gary (1992). The Origins of the Ottoman Empire. SUNY Press. ISBN 0791408191. 
  • Kramer, Martin (1987). .Shi'Ism, Resistance, and Revolution.^ Shi‘ism, resistance, and revolution.

    ^ Religion and politics in Iran : Shi‘ism from quietism to revolution.

    Westview Press. ISBN 978-0813304533.
     
  • Kugle, Scott Alan (2006). Rebel Between Spirit And Law: Ahmad Zarruq, Sainthood, And Authority in Islam. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0253347114. 
  • Lapidus, Ira (2002). A History of Islamic Societies (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521779333. 
  • Lewis, Bernard (1984). The Jews of Islam. .Routledge & Kegan Paul.^ Routledge and Kegan Paul: London.

    ISBN 0-7102-0462-0.
     
  • Lewis, Bernard (1993). The Arabs in History. .Oxford University Press.^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Alfred Guillaume, Oxford University Press), p.

    ^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1987.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-1928-5258-2.
     
  • Lewis, Bernard (1997). The Middle East. Scribner. ISBN 978-0684832807. 
  • Lewis, Bernard (2001). .Islam in History: Ideas, People, and Events in the Middle East (2nd ed.^ Archaeology and secular history confirms many of the events, peoples, places the Bible speaks of as being of an accurate description.” .
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Or does a specific homegrown militant version of Islam thrive in the Middle East because the people are poor and oppressed, those conditions themselves being the cause for the immorality and Islam itself being a red herring result?
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Archaeology and secular history confirms many of the events, peoples, places the Bible speaks of as being of an accurate description.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ). Open Court. ISBN 978-0812695182.
     
  • Lewis, Bernard (2003). .What Went Wrong?: The Clash Between Islam and Modernity in the Middle East (Reprint ed.^ The Bible again has a view of how to raise children that teaches them the difference between right and wrong, something that modern society is neglecting.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A past president of the Middle East Studies Association, he is editor-in-chief of the four-volume Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, editor of The Oxford Illustrated History of Islam, and the author of… .
    • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    ). Harper Perennial. ISBN 978-0060516055.
     
  • Lewis, Bernard (2004). .The Crisis of Islam: Holy War and Unholy Terror.^ All non-Muslims are included in the "house of war " , and thus, can be forced to accept Islam through Jihad, Holy War.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    Random House, Inc., New York. ISBN 978-0812967852.
     
  • Madelung, Wilferd (1996). .The Succession to Muhammad: A Study of the Early Caliphate.^ Muhammad's early attempts to unite with Christians and Jews were not successful .
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521646960.
     
  • Malik, Jamal; John R Hinnells, Inc NetLibrary (2006). Sufism in the West. Routledge. ISBN 0415274087. 
  • Menski, Werner F. (2006). .Comparative Law in a Global Context: The Legal Systems of Asia and Africa.^ The interplay between domestic Nigerian parallel legal systems of secular, Muslim and customary laws is problematic as they give differential rights on different issues.
    • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521858593.
     
  • Mohammad, Noor (1985). "The Doctrine of Jihad: An Introduction". Journal of Law and Religion 3 (2). 
  • Momen, Moojan (1987). .An Introduction to Shi`i Islam: The History and Doctrines of Twelver Shi`ism.^ An introduction to Shi'i Islam : the history and doctrines of Twelver Shi'ism.

    ^ Islam and colonialism : the doctrine of Jihad in modern history.

    Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0300035315.
     
  • Nasr, Seyed Muhammad (1994). .Our Religions: The Seven World Religions Introduced by Preeminent Scholars from Each Tradition (Chapter 7).^ According to this poem, Jaina religion was introduced in Mathura by the following seven Jaina saints 73 Suramantra, rtilaka, rtilaka, Sarvasundara, Jayamantra, Anilalalita and Jayamitra.
    • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Traditional African religion is the oldest religion in the world.

    ^ We need to worry about what is happening in the world we live in, not rely on religion to sort out our problems for us.
    • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

    HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06067-700-7.
     
  • Novak, David (February 1999). "The Mind of Maimonides". First Things. 
  • Parrinder, Geoffrey (1971). .World Religions: From Ancient History to the Present.^ Encyclopaedia of Islam Online "The Encyclopaedia of Islam sets out the present state of our knowledge of the Islamic World from religion and history to politics and culture.

    ^ Historical Abstracts 1954- Includes abstracts and citations of books, journal articles, and dissertations on world history from 1450 to the present, excluding the United States and Canada.

    ^ A part of the earth and its inhabitants as known at a given period in history: the ancient world.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited. ISBN 0-87196-129-6.
     
  • Patton, Walter M. (April 1900). "The Doctrine of Freedom in the Korân". The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures (Brill Academic Publishers) 16 (3). ISBN 9004103147. 
  • Peters, F. E. (1991). ."The Quest for Historical Muhammad". International Journal of Middle East Studies. 
  • Peters, F. E. (2003).^ Oxford : Oxford U P for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2003.

    ^ Muhammad Ibn al-Rawandi , in " The Quest for the Historical Muhammad " .
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The meeting followed a comprehensive study on the status of women's rights in the Middle East and North Africa that covers developments through to the end of 2003.
    • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Islam: A Guide for Jews and Christians.^ Jews and the Christians for friends; they are friends of each other; and whoever amongst you takes them for a friend, then surely he is one of them; surely Allah does not guide the unjust people."
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Christianity and Islam took their dogmas from the Old Testaments of the Jews.

    ^ Islam, teaches that Jews and Christians both have earned the wrath of Allah by failing to follow Islam, and that they have also lost the way by following the teachings of the Torah for the Jews, or the Bible for Christians.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Princeton University Press.^ Louis T. More, Late Professor of Physics, University of Cincinnati, USA, "The Dogma of Evolution," Princeton University Press: Princeton NJ, 1925, Second Printing, p.160 .
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 0-691-11553-2. 
  • Peters, Rudolph (1977). Jihad in Medieval and Modern Islam. Brill Academic Publishers. ISBN 90-04-04854-5. 
  • Rippin, Andrew (2001). .Muslims: Their Religious Beliefs and Practices (2nd ed.^ In addition, there are many religious leaders whose beliefs and practices differ significantly.

    ^ Unfortunately, many more billions of people who live under repressive governments or tribes that practice these pious (religious) beliefs do not have these freedoms.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ). Routledge. ISBN 978-0415217811.
     
  • Ruthven, Malise (2005). Fundamentalism: The Search for Meaning. .Oxford University Press.^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Alfred Guillaume, Oxford University Press), p.

    ^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1987.
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    ISBN 01-92-80606-8.
     
  • Sahas, Daniel J. (1997). John of Damascus on Islam: The Heresy of the Ishmaelites. Brill Academic Publishers. ISBN 978-9004034952. 
  • Sachedina, Abdulaziz (1998). .The Just Ruler in Shi'ite Islam: The Comprehensive Authority of the Jurist in Imamite Jurisprudence.^ Shi‘ite Islam : polity, ideology, and creed.

    .Oxford University Press US. ISBN 0195119150. 
  • Seibert, Robert F. (1994).^ Oxford University Press: bdn.

    ."Review: Islam and the West: The Making of an Image (Norman Daniel)". Review of Religious Research 36 (1). 
  • Sells, Michael Anthony; Emran Qureshi (2003).^ As for religious wars, many of them were the result of man's making God into his own image and likeness.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    The New Crusades: Constructing the Muslim Enemy. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0231126670. 
  • Smith, Jane I. (2006). The Islamic Understanding of Death and Resurrection. .Oxford University Press.^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Alfred Guillaume, Oxford University Press), p.

    ^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1987.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 978-0195156492.
     
  • Spencer, Robert (2005). .The Myth of Islamic Tolerance: How Islamic Law Treats Non-Muslims.^ SPAIN UNDER THE MOORS Neither was Spain under the Muslim Moors the jewel of Islamic tolerance that it is often purported to be.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Under Islamic laws women must produce four adult Muslim male witnesses to prove an act of rape.
    • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In Shiite strongholds calls are increasing for Iraq to become an Islamic state that would mean the establishment of Muslim law.
    • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Prometheus Books. ISBN 978-1591022497.
     
  • Stillman, Norman (1979). .The Jews of Arab Lands: A History and Source Book.^ To accept the Jews' god or the Arabs' god or the Hindu's god and so forth is to valorize those histories above your own.

    Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America. .ISBN 1-82760-198-1. 
  • Tabatabae, Sayyid Mohammad Hosayn; Seyyed Hossein Nasr (translator) (1979).^ Nasr, Seyyed Hossein.

    ^ The Islamic mind with Seyyed Hossein Nasr.

    .Shi'ite Islam.^ Shi‘ite Islam : polity, ideology, and creed.

    Suny press. ISBN 0-87395-272-3. 
  • Tabatabae, Sayyid Mohammad Hosayn; R. Campbell (translator) (2002). .Islamic teachings: An Overview and a Glance at the Life of the Holy Prophet of Islam.^ He (the Holy Prophet) observed: Are you not aware of the fact that Islam wipes out all the previous (misdeeds)?
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The biggest threat to Islam is without a doubt the teachings of the true "Prophet of Peace" Jesus Christ.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He (the Holy Prophet) said: By Him in Whose Hand is the life of Muhammad, the distance between two leaves of the door from their supporting frames is as the distance between Mecca and Hajar or Hajar and Mecca.
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Green Gold. ISBN 0-922817-00-6.
     
  • Teece, Geoff (2003). Religion in Focus: Islam. Franklin Watts Ltd. ISBN 978-0749647964. 
  • Tolan, John V. (2002). Saracens: Islam in the Medieval European Imagination. Columbia University Press. 
  • Trimingham, John Spencer (1998). The Sufi Orders in Islam. .Oxford University Press.^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Alfred Guillaume, Oxford University Press), p.

    ^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1987.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0195120582.
     
  • Tritton, Arthur S. (1970) [1930]. .The Caliphs and their Non-Muslim Subjects: A Critical Study of the Covenant of Umar.^ It was practiced during the beginning of the Islamic era (during the caliphates of Abu Bakr and Ibn Abu Umar) and is continued in practice today by over 100 million Shiite Muslims worldwide.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Muslims do not hesitate to criticize 'non-believers', but then become very upset when non-believers criticize Islam.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    .London: Frank Cass Publisher.^ London : Frank Cass, 1965.

    ISBN 0-7146-1996-5.
     
  • Turner, Colin (2006). Islam: the Basics. Routledge (UK). ISBN 041534106X. 
  • Turner, Bryan S. (1998). Weber and Islam. Routledge (UK). ISBN 0415174589. 
  • Waines, David (2003). An Introduction to Islam. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521539064. 
  • Warraq, Ibn (2000). .The Quest for Historical Muhammad.^ Muhammad Ibn al-Rawandi , in " The Quest for the Historical Muhammad " .
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    Prometheus. ISBN 978-1573927871.
     
  • Warraq, Ibn (2003). .Leaving Islam: Apostates Speak Out.^ Islam is the greater danger,and is the reason atheists like me are speaking out against religious stupidity.Other religions,are as silly,but do not threaten my survival as Islam does.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Some, however, hold that he should be imprisoned until he is of age and then ‘invited' to accept Islam, but officially the death penalty for youthful apostates is ruled out."
    • Was Barack Obama a Muslim? :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: General]

    Prometheus. ISBN 1-59102-068-9.
     
  • Watt, W. Montgomery (1973). The Formative Period of Islamic Thought. University Press Edinburgh. ISBN 0-85-224254-X. 
  • Watt, W. Montgomery (1974). .Muhammad: Prophet and Statesman (New ed.^ Muhammad: prophet and statesman.

    ^ "Miraculously" and conveniently, Gabriel came to Muhammad and and gave a new Surah (22:51) which says that Satan routinely tampers with the messages of the prophets.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ). .Oxford University Press.^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Alfred Guillaume, Oxford University Press), p.

    ^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1987.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-19-881078-4.
     
  • Weiss, Bernard G. (2002). Studies in Islamic Legal Theory. Boston: Brill Academic publishers. ISBN 9004120661. 
  • Williams, John Alden (1994). The Word of Islam. University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-79076-7. 
  • Williams, Mary E. (2000). The Middle East. Greenhaven Pr. ISBN 0737701331. 
Encyclopedias
  • William H. McNeill, Jerry H. Bentley, David Christian, ed (2005). Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History. Berkshire Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0974309101. 
  • Gabriel Oussani, ed (1910). Catholic Encyclopedia. 
  • Paul Lagasse, Lora Goldman, Archie Hobson, Susan R. Norton, ed (2000). The Columbia Encyclopedia (6th ed.). Gale Group. ISBN 978-1593392369. 
  • Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.. 
  • Erwin Fahlbusch, William Geoffrey Bromiley, ed (2001). Encyclopedia of Christianity (1st ed.). Eerdmans Publishing Company, and Brill. ISBN 0-8028-2414-5. 
  • John Bowden, ed (2005). Encyclopedia of Christianity (1st ed.). .Oxford University Press.^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Alfred Guillaume, Oxford University Press), p.

    ^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1987.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-19-522393-4.
     
  • George Thomas Kurian, Graham T. T. Molitor, ed (1995). Encyclopedia of the Future. MacMillan Reference Books. ISBN 978-0028972053. 
  • P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs, ed. .Encyclopaedia of Islam Online.^ Encyclopaedia of Islam Online "The Encyclopaedia of Islam sets out the present state of our knowledge of the Islamic World from religion and history to politics and culture.

    ^ See also Encyclopaedia of Islam Online .

    Brill Academic Publishers. .ISSN 1573-3912. 
  • Richard C. Martin, Said Amir Arjomand, Marcia Hermansen, Abdulkader Tayob, Rochelle Davis, John Obert Voll, ed (2003).^ Arjomand, Said Amir, ed.

    ^ Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck, John Obert Voll, and John L. Esposito.

    ^ Martin, Richard C., ed.

    .Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World.^ It may surprise Americans, but radical Islam believes the U.S., as the leader of the West, is the ultimate enemy of the Muslim world.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Islam The Muslim world has the world's highest population growth rate (3.5%/year) January 2006 Bruce Sandquist Afghanistan: Imams to the Rescue in Curbing Maternal Mortality.
    • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Islam's goal is to bring the world a Muslim dominated society with the same rules imposed by murderous Mullah's and Imams like those in Afghanistan.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    MacMillan Reference Books. .ISBN 978-0028656038. 
  • Jane Dammen McAuliffe, ed.^ McAuliffe, Jane Dammen, ed.

    Encyclopaedia of the Qur'an Online. Brill Academic Publishers. 
  • Lindsay Jones, ed (2005). Encyclopedia of Religion (2nd ed.). MacMillan Reference Books. ISBN 978-0028657332. 
  • Salamone Frank, ed (2004). Encyclopedia of Religious Rites, Rituals, and Festivals (1st ed.). Routledge. ISBN 978-0415941808. 
  • Peter N. Stearns, ed (2000). The Encyclopedia of World History Online (6th ed.). Bartleby. 
  • Josef W. Meri, ed (2005). Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. ISBN 041-5966906. 
  • Wendy Doniger, ed (1999). Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions. Merriam-Webster. ISBN 087-7790442. 
  • Glasse Cyril, ed (2003). .New Encyclopedia of Islam: A Revised Edition of the Concise Encyclopedia of Islam.^ The concise encyclopedia of Islam.

    ^ The encyclopaedia of Islam, new edition.

    AltaMira Press. ISSN 978-0759101906.
     
  • Edward Craig, ed (1998). Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy (1st ed.). Routledge. ISBN 978-0415073103. 

Further reading

  • Arberry, A. J. (1996). .The Koran Interpreted: A Translation (1st ed.^ The Koran interpreted : a translation.

    ^ In the US the English translation of the Koran by a woman, finds an alternate meaning in a verse widely interpreted to give husbands authority to beat their wives.
    • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ). Touchstone. ISBN 978-0684825076.
     
  • Hawting, Gerald R. (2000). The First Dynasty of Islam: The Umayyard Caliphate AD 661–750. Routledge. ISBN 0415240727. 
  • Khan, Muhammad Muhsin; Al-Hilali Khan, Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din (1999). Noble Quran (1st ed.). Dar-us-Salam Publications. ISBN 978-9960740799. 
  • Kramer (ed.), Martin (1999). The Jewish Discovery of Islam: Studies in Honor of Bernard Lewis. Syracuse University. ISBN 978-9652240408. 
  • Kuban, Dogan (1974). Muslim Religious Architecture. Brill Academic Publishers. ISBN 9004038132. 
  • Lewis, Bernard (1993). .Islam in History: Ideas, People, and Events in the Middle East.^ Archaeology and secular history confirms many of the events, peoples, places the Bible speaks of as being of an accurate description.” .
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Or does a specific homegrown militant version of Islam thrive in the Middle East because the people are poor and oppressed, those conditions themselves being the cause for the immorality and Islam itself being a red herring result?
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Archaeology and secular history confirms many of the events, peoples, places the Bible speaks of as being of an accurate description.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    Open Court. ISBN 978-0812692174.
     
  • Lewis, Bernard (1994). Islam and the West. .Oxford University Press.^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Alfred Guillaume, Oxford University Press), p.

    ^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1987.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 978-0195090611.
     
  • Lewis, Bernard (1996). .Cultures in Conflict: Christians, Muslims, and Jews in the Age of Discovery.^ M any Muslims Imams and Mullahs falsely point to S urah 2:140 t o try and prove that Jews and Christians had corrupted their S criptures.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The group is composed of Hindus, Buddhists, Jews, Muslims, and Christians--Protestant and Roman Catholic--from more than twenty countries.
    • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I am also a Christian, a Muslim, a Buddhist and a Jew."
    • Confirmed: Barack Obama Practiced Islam :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Oxford University Press.^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1988.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Alfred Guillaume, Oxford University Press), p.

    ^ New York, Oxford University Press, 1987.
    • Islam 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.au.af.mil [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 978-0195102833.
     
  • Mubarkpuri, Saifur-Rahman (2002). The Sealed Nectar: Biography of the Prophet. Dar-us-Salam Publications. ISBN 978-1591440710. 
  • Najeebabadi, Akbar Shah (2001). History of Islam. Dar-us-Salam Publications. ISBN 978-1591440345. 
  • Nigosian, S. A. (2004). .Islam: Its History, Teaching, and Practices (New Edition ed.^ For practical purposes, a distinction is made in the golden flower teaching between the “original spirit” and the “conscious spirit.” The original spirit is the formless essence of awareness; it is unconditioned and transcends culture and history.
    • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The encyclopaedia of Islam, new edition.

    ). Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0253216274.
     
  • Rahman, Fazlur (1979). Islam (2nd ed.). University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-70281-2. 
  • Walker, Benjamin (1998). .Foundations of Islam: The Making of a World Faith.^ AS I said, you cannot make sense of this world without a standard and foundation that is unshakable.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Islam and the Arab world : faith, people, culture.

    ^ My message to Tiger would be, 'Tiger, turn to the Christian faith and you can make a total recovery and be a great example to the world."
    • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

    Peter Owen Publishers. ISBN 978-0720610383.
     

External links

Academic resources
Directories
Islam - text, audio and video
Islam and the arts
Template:Religion-related topics

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Be steadfast in prayer and regular in charity: And whatever good ye send forth for your souls before you, ye shall find it with Allah: for Allah sees Well all that ye do.
.Islam is a monotheistic religion originating with prophet Muhammad, a 7th century Arab, and centered on the religious text known as the Qur'an.^ Islam : from the Prophet Muhammad to the capture of Constantinople.

^ But the Qur'an says that islam is the religion of the Arabs [570 words] .
  • Was Barack Obama a Muslim? :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: General]

^ Islam's dilemma about Mary, the earthly mother of Jesus & the divinity of Jesus Islam's high regard for Mary is rooted in various texts of the Koran (Qur'an), including the following: "Behold!
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is the second-largest religion in the world today, with an estimated 1.84 billion adherents, spread across the globe, known as Muslims.^ Muslims in India Islam is the second largest religion in India.

^ More than at any time in history, today the world has two billion poor and one billion in abject poverty with little hope of a positive outcome.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indeed, Islam’s sole objective is to forcefully spread its heretical religion throughout the world and to subjugate all people of other faiths.

[1] Linguistically, Islam means submission, referring to the total surrender of one's self to God (Arabic: الله, Allāh), and a Muslim is "one who submits to God".

Contents

Qur'an

(Note: All translations of the Qur'an are those of Yusuf Ali and Marmaduke Pickthall unless otherwise noted.)

Charity

.
  • Ali: And be steadfast in prayer and regular in charity: And whatever good ye send forth for your souls before you, ye shall find it with Allah: for Allah sees Well all that ye do.
  • Pickthall: Establish worship, and pay the poor-due; and whatever of good ye send before (you) for your souls, ye will find it with Allah.^ You will find that Allah is a false god.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But if they repent and establish worship and pay the poor-due, then leave their way free.

    ^ If I see your day I shall help you wholeheartedly.
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Lo! Allah is Seer of what ye do.

Christianity

Interest (Usury)

.
  • Ali: Those who devour usury will not stand except as stand one whom the Evil one by his touch Hath driven to madness.^ Those who have not been touched by God.
    • The Kundalini Kriyass of Kriya Yoga!! Energy Enhancement Meditation Course Level 1 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.energyenhancement.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Those people who go out and get remarried fall into the same divorce statistics as the one's doing it for the first time.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ So God loves those whom He has chosen to redeem with an unconditional love; that love being in the Son who became our substitute in meeting God's judgment and also Christ being the one who satisfied God's righteous, perfect standard by always doing what is pleasing to God.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    .That is because they say: "Trade is like usury," but Allah hath permitted trade and forbidden usury.^ Allah, for him Allah hath forbidden paradise.

    ^ Then i want to say to the other people who is not muslim that you don't need to be muslim because you have seen this miracles that allah have sent down.
    • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Because they know that God just killed their baby, and man oh man they look like they have no clue.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Those who after receiving direction from their Lord, desist, shall be pardoned for the past; their case is for Allah (to judge); but those who repeat (The offence) are companions of the Fire: They will abide therein (for ever).
  • Pickthall: Those who swallow usury cannot rise up save as he ariseth whom the devil hath prostrated by (his) touch.^ Those who have not been touched by God.
    • The Kundalini Kriyass of Kriya Yoga!! Energy Enhancement Meditation Course Level 1 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.energyenhancement.org [Source type: General]

    ^ They (the companions of the Holy Prophet) said: Who would be those, Messenger of Allah?
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He (Allah) said: They are those whom I choose.
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .That is because they say: Trade is just like usury; whereas Allah permitteth trading and forbiddeth usury.^ They are just like your worldview.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They say things like, "I'm just as baffled by this as anyone."
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Then i want to say to the other people who is not muslim that you don't need to be muslim because you have seen this miracles that allah have sent down.
    • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

    .He unto whom an admonition from his Lord cometh, and (he) refraineth (in obedience thereto), he shall keep (the profits of) that which is past, and his affair (henceforth) is with Allah.^ "And the Lord said unto him, Therefore, whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold."

    ^ When the people recited it and it smoothly flowed on their tongues, then Allah revealed immediately afterwards:" The Apostle believes in that which is sent down unto him from his Lord, and so do the believers.
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to speak; but they are commanded to be under obedience, as also saith the law."
    • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

    .As for him who returneth (to usury) - Such are rightful owners of the Fire.^ Such are rightful owners of the Fire: they will abide therein.

    ^ Verily (at times) I give (a share) to a certain man apprehending that he may not be thrown prostrate in the Fire, whereas the other man (who is not given) is dearer to me (as compared with him).
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It would be said to me: Go, and bring out of the Fire him who has in his heart as much faith as the smallest, smallest, smallest grain of mustard seed.
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .They will abide therein.^ Such are rightful owners of the Fire: they will abide therein.

    • Original: الَّذِينَ يَأْكُلُونَ الرِّبَا لاَ يَقُومُونَ إِلاَّ كَمَا يَقُومُ الَّذ
      يَتَخَبَّطُهُ الشَّيْطَانُ مِنَ الْمَسِّ ذَلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ قَالُواْ إِنَّمَا الْبَيْعُ
      مِثْلُ الرِّبَا وَأَحَلَّ اللّهُ الْبَيْعَ وَحَرَّمَ الرِّبَا فَمَن جَاءهُ مَوْعِظَةٌ
      مِّن رَّبِّهِ فَانتَهَىَ فَلَهُ مَا سَلَفَ وَأَمْرُهُ إِلَى اللّهِ وَمَنْ عَادَ
      يَمْحَقُ
    • The Qur'an (القرآن), Sura 2:275 (The Cow, سورة البقرة), See also: Islamic banking

Death

.
  • Ali: Every soul shall have a taste of death: And only on the Day of Judgment shall you be paid your full recompense.^ If I see your day I shall help you wholeheartedly.
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is your soul companion after death.
    • http://www.hinduism.co.za 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hinduism.co.za [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You have paid for your space.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Only he who is saved far from the Fire and admitted to the Garden will have attained the object (of Life): For the life of this world is but goods and chattels of deception.
  • Pickthall: Every soul will taste of death.^ Anti-abortion rights activists who equate global oral contraceptives to chemical abortion are responsible for tens of thousands of deaths of unborn children, every year.
    • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Something happened to these men in their belief in the birth, life, death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ that changed the world.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And may you derive comfort, even as you mourn your terrible loss, from the fact that your father was not only a hero in your life but died a hero to the world.
    • In Good Faith: Judaism - A blog for news and discussion on matters of faith - baltimoresun.com 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC weblogs.baltimoresun.com [Source type: General]

    And ye will be paid on the Day of Resurrection only that which ye have fairly earned. .Whoso is removed from the Fire and is made to enter paradise, he indeed is triumphant.^ Hast Thou not made us enter Paradise and saved us from Fire?
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I would bring them out of the Fire (of Hell) and make them enter Paradise.
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He replied: He who dies without associating anyone with Allah would (necessarily) enter Paradise and he who dies associating anything with Allah would enter the (Fire of) Hell.
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .The life of this world is but comfort of illusion.^ And may you derive comfort, even as you mourn your terrible loss, from the fact that your father was not only a hero in your life but died a hero to the world.
    • In Good Faith: Judaism - A blog for news and discussion on matters of faith - baltimoresun.com 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC weblogs.baltimoresun.com [Source type: General]

Disbelievers

Science

.
  • Ali: And we have, (from of old), adorned the lowest heaven with Lamps, and We have made such (Lamps) (as) missiles to drive away the Evil Ones, and have prepared for them the Penalty of the Blazing Fire.
  • Pickthall: And verily We have beautified the world's heaven with lamps, and We have made them missiles for the devils, and for them We have prepared the doom of flame.^ And we have, (from of old), adorned the lowest heaven with Lamps, and We have made such (Lamps) (as) missiles to drive away the Evil Ones, and have prepared for them the Penalty of the Blazing Fire, (67:5).

    ^ Africans gave the world the concept of Heaven and Hell, good and evil, truth and lie (deceit) and the feather of truth (i.e that truth is weightless and lie requires several layers of lies to sustain).

    ^ Listen then to what the parable of the sower means: When anyone hears the message about the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what was sown in his heart.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Original: وَلَقَدْ زَيَّنَّاالسَّمَاءالدُّنْيَا بِمَصَابِيحَ وَجَعَلْنَاهَا رُجُوماً لِّلشَّيَاطِينِ وَأَعْتَدْنَا لَهُمْ عَذَاب َالسَّعِيرِ
    • The Qur'an (القرآن), Sura 67:5 (The Sovereignty, Control, سورة الملك‎)
  • Ali: See ye not how Allah has created the seven heavens one above another, And made the moon a light in their midst, and made the sun as a (Glorious) Lamp?
  • Pickthall: See ye not how Allah hath created seven heavens in harmony, And hath made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp?^ The moon reflects light from the sun.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden: But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.
    • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Another " red flag " is that there is not one place in either the Muslim Qur'an or even in the much later made up Hadith's that teaches Muslims to have a loving relationship with Allah.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Original: أَلَمْ تَرَوْا كَيْفَ خَلَقَ اللَّهُ سَبْعَ سَمَاوَاتٍ طِبَاقًا
      وَجَعَلَ الْقَمَرَ فِيهِنَّ نُوراً وَجَعَلَ الشَّمْسَ سِرَاجاً
    • The Qur'an (القرآن),Sura 71:15-16 (Noah, سورة نوح)
  • Ali: When the sun (with its spacious light) is folded up; When the stars fall, losing their lustre; When the mountains vanish (like a mirage); When the she-camels, ten months with young, are left untended; When the wild beasts are herded together (in the human habitations); When the oceans boil over with a swell; When the souls are sorted out, (being joined, like with like); When the female (infant), buried alive, is questioned - For what crime she was killed; When the scrolls are laid open; When the world on High is unveiled; When the Blazing Fire is kindled to fierce heat; And when the Garden is brought near;- (Then) shall each soul know what it has put forward.^ She likes it because it is structured and laid out.

    ^ We define man's soul as being a divinely inspired sphere of knowledge, light (intelligence), life and energy retained in the mental, molecular, and motor activity of the human brain--until the transformation or of death of the brain.

    ^ Christianity, Judaism and Islam all believe in a God or Supreme Being who has a human like personality.

    .So verily I call to witness the planets - that recede, Go straight, or hide; And the Night as it dissipates; And the Dawn as it breathes away the darkness;- Verily this is the word of a most honourable Messenger, Endued with Power, with rank before the Lord of the Throne, With authority there, (and) faithful to his trust.^ "The words of the Lord are perfect in truth and justice; there is NONE who can change His words" ( Surah 6:115 ).
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Adam would say: Verily, my Lord is angry, to an extent to which He had never been angry before nor would He be angry afterward.
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, (as there be gods many, and lords many,) But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.
    • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

    And (O people!) your companion is not one possessed; .And without doubt he saw him in the clear horizon.^ He saw him [Gabriel] on the clear horizon.

    ^ Has not Allah (Mighty and Majestic) said:" And truly he saw him on the clear horizon" (al-Qur'an, lxxxi.
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Neither doth he withhold grudgingly a knowledge of the Unseen. Nor is it the word of an evil spirit accursed. When whither go ye? .Verily this is no less than a Message to (all) the Worlds: (With profit) to whoever among you wills to go straight: But ye shall not will except as Allah wills,- the Cherisher of the Worlds.
  • Pickthall: When the sun is overthrown, And when the stars fall, And when the hills are moved, And when the camels big with young are abandoned, And when the wild beasts are herded together, And when the seas rise, And when souls are reunited, And when the girl-child that was buried alive is asked For what sin she was slain, And when the pages are laid open, And when the sky is torn away, And when hell is lighted, And when the Garden is brought nigh, (Then) every soul will know what it hath made ready.^ LJ, you go girl!
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Do you believe that there was no sin/evil or death in the world until the fall?
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If then, ye repent, it were best for you; but if ye turn away, know ye that ye cannot frustrate Allah.

    .Oh, but I call to witness the planets, The stars which rise and set, And the close of night, And the breath of morning That this is in truth the word of an honoured messenger, Mighty, established in the presence of the Lord of the Throne, (One) to be obeyed, and trustworthy; And your comrade is not mad.^ On university and college campus's the buzz word is "That may be true for you but it is not for me" or "that's your truth" when one of the icons of evolution is opposed.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "The words of the Lord are perfect in truth and justice; there is NONE who can change His words" ( Surah 6:115 ).
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Umar that one day the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) mentioned in the presence of people about al-Masih al-Dajjal.
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Surely he beheld Him on the clear horizon.^ He saw him [Gabriel] on the clear horizon.

    ^ Has not Allah (Mighty and Majestic) said:" And truly he saw him on the clear horizon" (al-Qur'an, lxxxi.
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    And he is not avid of the Unseen. Nor is this the utterance of a devil worthy to be stoned. Whither then go ye ? .This is naught else than a reminder unto creation, Unto whomsoever of you willeth to walk straight.^ Peace be unto you, Brethren we seldom come with a message that condemns and warns evildoers in an explicit and straight forward manner.

    ^ Thinking that you are wiser than your Creator.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You do not and cannot submit to His standards because by choice you prefer to be the one in control, you prefer to do what is pleasing to yourself, rather than what is pleasing to your Creator, you prefer to deny God rather than yourself.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    .And ye will not, unless (it be) that Allah willeth, the Lord of Creation.^ Ye have no ground to stand upon unless ye stand fast by the Torah, the Gospel, and all the revelation that has come to you from your Lord."
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • Ali: Now let man but think from what he is created!^ Let 1 black man put things in place!
    • Was Barack Obama a Muslim? :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: General]

    ^ "I will say that there is a place for that kind of thinking, and I wont say it isn't here, but it isn't at a forum like Sam was at."
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ That means- Gods are not here, but they have to be created, from humans, bien compris, by education, real education with emphasis on thinking.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    .He is created from a drop emitted- Proceeding from between the backbone and the ribs: Surely (Allah) is able to bring him back (to life)!
  • Pickthall: So let man consider from what he is created.^ What brings him back so precisely?
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Bring that man back to me.
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He has created man from a sperm-drop ; and behold this same (man) becomes an open disputer!

    He is created from a gushing fluid That issued from between the loins and ribs. Lo! .He verily is Able to return him (unto life).^ Christ Himself is the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father except by Him (John 14:6).

    ^ (The Lord) reduced five (prayers) for me, He said: Verily thy Ummah shall not be able to bear this burden; return to thy Lord and ask Him to make things lighter.
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

Sourced

.
  • The inhabitants of the earth are of two sorts:
    Those with brains, but no religion,
    And those with religion, but no brains.^ I had no idea that not only were we all of those two sects, but also that within those sects, that there was no one deserving of respect or anyone of a rational mind.
    • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For those who want no part of the religious institution of marriage, but still want monogamy, it is a free choice that can be made by two consenting adults.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ When Obama attended 4 th grade in 1971, Muslim children spent two hours a week studying Islam, and Christian children spent those two hours learning about the Christian religion.
    • Confirmed: Barack Obama Practiced Islam :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Abu'l-`Ala' al-Ma`arri (Arabic: أبو العلا المعري), poet of Ma`arra (Syria), 973–1057, quoted in Maalouf, Amin (1989).^ This is not done by a local dynasty, but by a Turkish deputy left in charge by al-Mas'ûd, who left for Syria.

      .Crusades Through Arab Eyes.
       
  • Allah, perchance, the secret word might spell;
    If Allah be, He keeps His secret well;
     What He hath hidden, who shall hope to find?^ Hani with the same chain of transmitters with the exception of these words: Allah would make him (he who affirms these truths) enter Paradise through one of the eight doors which he would like.
    • CRCC: Center For Muslim-Jewish Engagement: Resources: Religious Texts 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Sigheh is a carry over from the time when Arabs bowed down to their "moon god" who we know today as Allah.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "How shall Allah guide those who reject faith after they accepted it and bore witness that the Apostle was true and the clear sign had come unto them.


    Shall God His secret to a maggot tell?

    The Koran! well, come put me to the test—
    .Lovely old book in hideous error drest—
     Believe me, I can quote the Koran too,
    The unbeliever knows his Koran best.
    ^ The only book I know of that exceeds the Koran in deliberate tediousness, false claims, and incoherence is the Book of Mormon.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Why don't you just use the word "LOVE" in quotes and we will know what you mean.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]


    .
    And do you think that unto such as you,
    A maggot-minded, starved, fanatic crew,
     God gave the secret, and denied it me?—
    Well, well, what matters it!
    ^ LJ: "You can say it is a mind he gave me."
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You can say it is a mind he gave me.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Do you not think that God is right in His judgment?
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    believe that too.
    .
  • Jews and Saracens [Muslims] of both sexes in every Christian province must be distinguished from the Christian by a difference of dress.^ "He owes both Jews and Christians an apology."
    • In Good Faith: Judaism - A blog for news and discussion on matters of faith - baltimoresun.com 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC weblogs.baltimoresun.com [Source type: General]

    ^ According to Muslim jurists, the following legal ordinances must be enforced on Zimmis (Christians and Jews alike) who reside among Muslims: .

    ^ During this time Muhammad became acquainted with both Jews and Christians.
    • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    .On Passion Sunday and the last three days of Holy Week they may not appear in public.^ When added to a mother and her two children who enrolled as Baha'is late last week in a nearby city, our cluster grew by 10 percent in three days!

    ^ Maybe it could assemble editors of the three most influential Jewish news publications - Forward, JTA and the New York Jewish Week.

    ^ There, they promote their traditional Monday night meditation classes, their Sunday public brunches and monthly seminars.
    • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

  • But the most interesting conquest of the Seljukian Turks was that of Jerusalem, which soon became the theatre of nations.^ According to Muslim jurists, the following legal ordinances must be enforced on Zimmis (Christians and Jews alike) who reside among Muslims: .

    ^ Most Muslim jurists agree that fertility management is permissible, and that pleasure in sexual intercourse is a right for both men and women.
    • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If God is in there, he wants me to listen to him alone, and most definitely not the Jews Muslims and Christians.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    .In their capitulation with Omar, the inhabitants had stipulated the assurance of their religion and property; … and the sepulchre of Christ, with the church of the Resurrection, was still left in the hands of his votaries.^ Why a Hindu Accepts Christ and Rejects Churchianity A Hindu distinguishes the religion of the churches from the religion of Jesus Christ.
    • http://www.hinduism.co.za 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hinduism.co.za [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Peter and all of the apostles were a part of the foundation of the church in the sense that they were the first preachers and they were eyewitnesses of the resurrection of Jesus Christ (Eph.
    • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The early Christian church had to deal with the fact that Christians had used many African ideas, the son of God, eternal life, and the resurrection, in their religion.

    .Of these votaries, the most numerous and respectable portion were strangers to Jerusalem: the pilgrimages to the Holy Land had been stimulated, rather than suppressed, by the conquest of the Arabs; … The harmony of prayer in so many various tongues, the worship of so many nations in the common temple of their religion, might have afforded a spectacle of edification and peace; but the zeal of the Christian sects was imbittered by hatred and revenge; and in the kingdom of a suffering Messiah, who had pardoned his enemies, they aspired to command and persecute their spiritual brethren.^ They seek to be holey, rather than holy.
    • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Who said they were his enemies?
    • Was Barack Obama a Muslim? :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: General]

    ^ There are many national variations to this religion.

    .
  • About four hundred and sixty years after the conquest of Omar, the holy city was rescued from the Mahometan yoke.^ About u pigs & us Lions , well go back to History, see how sikhs bashed muslim forces in India & threw them out of India...
    • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And an alarming number of over 4.3 Muslim children worldwide under the age of five die every year.
    • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This precisely substantiates my statement that he "for some years had a reasonably Muslim upbringing under the auspices of his Indonesian step-father."
    • Confirmed: Barack Obama Practiced Islam :: Daniel Pipes 11 January 2010 13:24 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    In the pillage of public and private wealth, the adventurers had agreed to respect the exclusive property of the first occupant; and the spoils of the great mosque, seventy lamps and massy vases of gold and silver, rewarded the diligence, and displayed the generosity, of Tancred. .A bloody sacrifice was offered by his mistaken votaries to the God of the Christians: resistance might provoke but neither age nor sex could mollify, their implacable rage: they indulged themselves three days in a promiscuous massacre; and the infection of the dead bodies produced an epidemical disease.^ A survey showed that nearly a third of young Brazilians did not use a condom the last time they had sex because one was not available or they could not afford one.
    • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This explains why when someone is asked to offer a sacrifice to either a god, an anti-god, or, as redemption for sin, will invite friends and neighbors to a feast.

    ^ PROGRAM OF GOD Church Age : Jesus prayed for the unity of all true Christians.
    • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

    .After seventy thousand Moslems had been put to the sword, and the harmless Jews had been burnt in their synagogue, they could still reserve a multitude of captives, whom interest or lassitude persuaded them to spare.^ If so-called Christians and Muslims and Jews would stop so much HATE they could see God.

    ^ This conversation surely would be interesting if I am proven wrong and someone here (besides Peter) says that they would put the baby to the slow sword.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich), and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan."

    .Bareheaded and barefoot, with contrite hearts, and in an humble posture, they ascended the hill of Calvary, amidst the loud anthems of the clergy; kissed the stone which had covered the Savior of the world; and bedewed with tears of joy and penitence the monument of their redemption.^ May 18, 2007 at 03:32 Hey hearts dont u know they pray to a stone!
    • Islam Miracles 16 September 2009 23:42 UTC www.anvari.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They allow the students to grow at their own pace, whilst passing on profound knowledge and techniques in a light hearted and joyful manner.
    • The Kundalini Kriyass of Kriya Yoga!! Energy Enhancement Meditation Course Level 1 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.energyenhancement.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Thanks to the human heart by which we live, Thanks to its tenderness, its joys, and fears, To me the meanest flower that blows can give Thoughts that do often lie too deep for tears.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem wit