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Islamic socialism is a term coined by various Muslim leaders to meet the demand for a more spiritual form of socialism. Muslim socialists believe that the teachings of the Qur'an and Muhammad are compatible with principles of equality and the redistribution of wealth. Some orthodox Islamic scholars declare various socialist practices, such as the confiscation of private property, to be oppressive and against Islamic teachings.

Contents

History

Abū Dharr al-Ghifārī, a Companion of Prophet Muḥammad, is credited by many as the founder of Islamic socialism.[1][2][3][4][5] He protested against the accumulation of wealth by the ruling class during ‘Uthmān's caliphate and urged the equitable redistribution of wealth.

The first experimental Islamic commune was established during the Russian Revolution of 1917 as part of the Wäisi movement, an early supporter of the Soviet government. The Muslim Socialist Committee of Kazan was also active at this time.

Muammar al-Gaddafi, who seized power in Libya with a military coup in 1969, called his ruling ideology "Islamic socialism". However, the extent to which Gaddafi's regime fulfills the socialist mandate is highly questionable.[citation needed]

Other notable Muslim socialists include:

Islamic Marxism

Islamic Marxism is a term that has been used to describe Ali Shariati (in Shariati and Marx: A Critique of an "Islamic" Critique of Marxism by Assef Bayat). It is also sometimes used in discussions of the 1979 Iranian revolution, including parties such as the Mojahedin-e-Khalq Organization.[6]

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World. New York: Oxford University Press. 1995. p. 19. ISBN 0195066138. OCLC 94030758. 
  2. ^ "Abu Dharr al-Ghifari". Oxford Islamic Studies Online. http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e30?_hi=0&_pos=5. Retrieved 23 January 2010. 
  3. ^ And Once Again Abu Dharr. http://www.iranchamber.com/personalities/ashariati/works/once_again_abu_dhar1.php. Retrieved 23 January 2010. 
  4. ^ Hanna, Sami A.; George H. Gardner (1969). Arab Socialism: A Documentary Survey. Leiden: E.J. Brill. p. 273. http://books.google.com/books?id=zsoUAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA273&lpg=PA273#v=onepage&q=&f=false. Retrieved 23 January 2010. 
  5. ^ Hanna, Sami A. (1969). "al-Takaful al-Ijtimai and Islamic Socialism". The Muslim World vol. 59 (3-4): 275-286. http://www.financeinislam.com/article/1_37/1/309. 
  6. ^ About So-Called Islamic Marxism

References

  • John Esposito, ed (1995). "Socialism and Islam". Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World. vol. 4. Oxford University Press. pp. 81-86. ISBN 0195066138. OCLC 94030758. 

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