The Full Wiki

Israeli legislative election, 1961: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Israel

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Israel



Other countries · Atlas
Politics portal

Elections for the fifth Knesset were held in Israel on 15 August 1961. Voter turnout was 79.0%.

Contents

Results

Party Votes % of vote Seats at start of session Seats at end of session
Mapai ¹ 349,330 34.7% 42 34
Herut ² 138,599 13.8% 17 0
Liberal Party ² 137,255 13.6% 17 0
National Religious Party 98,786 9.8% 12 12
Mapam 75,654 7.5% 9 9
Ahdut HaAvoda 66,170 6.6% 8 8
Maki ³ 42,111 4.2% 5 3
Agudat Israel 37,178 3.7% 4 4
Agudat Israel Workers 19,428 1.9% 2 2
Cooperation and Brotherhood 19,342 1.9% 2 2
Progress and Development 16,034 1.6% 2 2
Progress and Work 3,561 0.4% 0 0
Religious Sephardim List 3,181 0.3% 0 0
Supporters of Democracy 335 0.0% 0 0
Total 1,006,964 100% 120 120
Gahal ² - - 0 27
Rafi ¹ - - 0 8
Independent Liberals ² - - 0 7
Rakah ³ - - 0 2

¹ Rafi broke away from Mapai

² Herut and the Liberal Party merged to form Gahal. Several Liberal Party members unhappy with the decision broke away to form the Independent Liberals

³ Rakah broke away from Maki

The Fifth Knesset

Advertisements

Tenth government

The fifth Knesset started with David Ben-Gurion's Mapai party forming the tenth government on 2 November 1961. His coalition included the National Religious Party, Ahdut HaAvoda, Agudat Israel Workers, Cooperation and Brotherhood and Progress and Development, and had 13 ministers. Kadish Luz of Mapai was appointed Knesset Speaker. The government collapsed when Ben-Gurion resigned on 16 June 1963 citing personal reasons, but in reality was annoyed at a perceived lack of support from his colleagues. He later broke away from Mapai with several colleagues to form Rafi.

Eleventh government

Levi Eshkol took over Mapai and formed the eleventh government on 26 June, 1963 with the same coalition partners as previously, but one more minister. The government resigned on 10 December 1964 when Ben-Gurion demanded that members of the Supreme Court investigate the Lavon Affair.

Twelfth government

Eshkol formed the twelfth government a week later on 22 December 1963 with the same coalition partners and ministers as previously.

The fifth Knesset was notable for the coalescing of the two major right-wing parties (Herut and the Liberal Party) to form an electoral block (Gahal) capable of threatening Mapai's hegemony in Israeli politics. Gahal, which by then had become Likud, finally overtook Mapai (which had merged into the Alignment) in the 1977 elections.

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message