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Elections for the thirteenth Knesset were held in Israel on 23 June 1992. The result was a victory for the left, led by Yitzhak Rabin's Labour Party, though their win was at least partially due to several small right-wing parties narrowly failing to cross the electoral threshold and thus effectively wasting votes for the right.[1] Voter turnout was 76.8%.

Contents

Results

Party Votes % Seats at start
of session
Seats at end
of session
Labour 1 906,810 34.7% 44 41
Likud 2 651,229 24.9% 32 29
Meretz 250,667 9.6% 12 12
Tzomet 3 166,366 6.4% 8 5
National Religious Party 129,663 5.0% 6 6
Shas 4 129,347 4.9% 6 5
United Torah Judaism 5 86,167 3.3% 4 0
Hadash 62,545 2.4% 3 3
Moledet 6 62,269 2.4% 3 1
Arab Democratic Party 40,788 1.6% 2 2
Tehiya 31,957 1.2% 0 0
Progressive List for Peace 24,181 0.9% 0 0
New Liberal Party 16,669 0.6% 0 0
Geulat Yisrael 12,851 0.5% 0 0
Da 11,697 0.4% 0 0
Yad BeYad 8,327 0.3% 0 0
Movement for Mortgage Affected, Homeless and Demobilised Soldiers 5,962 0.2% 0 0
Pikanti 3,750 0.1% 0 0
Torah VeAretz 3,708 0.1% 0 0
On Wheels 3,355 0.1% 0 0
Women's Party 2,886 0.1% 0 0
Hatikva 2,053 0.1% 0 0
Natural Law Party 1,734 0.1% 0 0
Tali 1,336 0.1% 0 0
Tzipor 523 0.0% 0 0
Total 2,616,841 100% 120 120
Agudat Yisrael 5 0 2
Degel HaTorah 5 0 2
The Third Way 1 0 2
Gesher 2 0 2
Atid 3 0 2
Yiud 3 0 1
Yamin Israel 6 0 1
Yosef Azran 4 0 1
Efraim Gur 2 0 1
Nava Arad 1 0 1
Yosef Bagad 6 0 1

1 The Third Way and Nava Arad broke away from Labour

2 Gesher and Efraim Gur broke away from Likud

3 Yiud broke away from Tzomet, then Atid broke away from Yiud

4 Yosef Azran left Shas

5 United Torah Judaism split into Agudat Yisrael and Degel HaTorah

6 Yamin Israel and Yosef Bagad broke away from Moldet

The Thirteenth Knesset

Labour's Yitzhak Rabin formed the 25th government on 13 July 1992, including Meretz and Shas in his coalition, which had 17 ministers. Hadash and the Arab Democratic Party also supported the government despite not being coalition members. Shas left the coalition in September 1993, and Yiud joined in January 1995.

Rabin's government advanced the peace process to unprecedented levels; the Oslo Accords were signed with Yasser Arafat's PLO in 1993 and the Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace in 1994. The government's willingness to make peace with Syria and concede the Golan Heights led to Avigdor Kahalani and Emanuel Zisman leaving the party to form The New Way.

After Rabin's assassination on 4 November 1995, Shimon Peres took over as Prime Minister and formed a new government on 22 November 1995. His coalition was the same as before; Labour, Meretz and Yiud. Peres called early elections in 1996 in order to seek a mandate to continue the peace process. [2]

References

  1. ^ We're not Kach , but we love Kahane Haaretz, 2003
  2. ^ Memory of Rabin likely to influence Israeli elections CNN, 5 February 1996

External links

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