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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The sandy isthmus connecting North and South Bruny Island in Tasmania, Australia

An isthmus (English pronunciation: /ˈɪsθməs/ or /ˈɪsməs/; plural: isthmuses, isthmi, from Ancient Greek: ἰσθμός, isthmos, neck) is a narrow strip of land connecting two larger land areas.[1] Of note, the Isthmus of Corinth connects the peninsula of Peloponnese with the rest of the Greek peninsula, the Isthmus of Panama connects the continents of North and South America (the Americas), and the Isthmus of Suez in Egypt connects Africa and Asia (or Eurasia).

Canals are often built on isthmuses where they may be particularly advantageous to create a shortcut for marine transportation. The Panama Canal bisects the Isthmus of Panama, thereby connecting the North Atlantic and Pacific Oceans; the Suez Canal adjoins the North Atlantic and Indian Oceans, cutting across the Isthmus of Suez to connect the Mediterranean Sea and the Gulf of Suez/Red Sea. Strait is the sea counterpart of isthmus.

Contents

List of isthmuses

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In Asia

Southeast Asia

Red Sea

In Oceania

In Australia

New Zealand

In Europe

Mediterranean Sea

Black Sea

Russia

British Isles

Iceland

Americas

USA

Canada

Mexico

Panama

Venezuela

  • Isthmus of Médanos - links Venezuela to Paraguaná.

Chile

The Suez Canal crosses the Suez isthmus

See also

Notes


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
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Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Etymology

Via Latin from Ancient Greek ἰσθμός (isthmos), neck).

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
isthmus

Plural
isthmuses or isthmi

isthmus (plural isthmuses or isthmi)

  1. A narrow strip of land, bordered on two sides by water, and connecting two larger landmasses.

Derived terms

  • isthmoid a

Translations

External links


Simple English

An isthmus is a narrow strip of land, with water on either side, that connects two bigger landmasses. For example, the Isthmus of Panama connects the continents of The Americas (but some people say it has not been a true isthmus since the Panama Canal was built).



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