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It ain't over 'til the fat lady sings is a colloquialism, essentially meaning that one should not assume the outcome of some activity (e.g.: a sports game) until it has actually finished, similar to a common proverb. It is a perception of Grand Opera, typically overweight sopranos, and perhaps Brünnhilda's final arias from Die Walküre or Götterdämmerung in particular, from an American working class cultural perspective of the early 20th century.


It is a common expression in sports reporting. Although there was earlier use, its use in sports journalism has been attributed to writer/broadcaster Dan Cook; his original line was "The opera ain't over till the fat lady sings."[1] This occurred in April 1978, when he coined the phrase after the first basketball game between the San Antonio Spurs and the Washington Bullets (now the Washington Wizards) during the 1977-78 National Basketball Association playoffs, to illustrate that while the Spurs had won once, the series was not over yet.

The phrase has also been attributed to former Baltimore Orioles' manager Earl Weaver.[2]

However, it is now known that Cook did not coin the phrase; Fred R. Shapiro found and published an example in The Yale Book of Quotations which appeared in the Dallas Morning News on 10 March 1976:

Despite his obvious allegiance to the Red Raiders, Texas Tech sports information director Ralph Carpenter was the picture of professional objectivity when the Aggies rallied for a 72-72 tie late in the SWC tournament finals. "Hey, Ralph," said Bill Morgan, "this... is going to be a tight one after all." "Right," said Ralph. "The opera ain’t over until the fat lady sings."

In the same newspaper on 26 November 2006, Steve Blow followed up the discovery by contacting Bill Morgan about the incident: "Bill vividly remembers the comment and the uproar it caused throughout the press box. He always assumed it was coined on the spot. 'Oh, yeah, it was vintage Carpenter. He was one of the world’s funniest guys,' said Bill, a contender for that title himself."

A suggestion that the phrase is older is based on an old saying in the Southern United States stating that "Church ain't over til the fat lady sings". This form of the line was apparently well known in the South for years, appearing in a 28 page booklet in 1976 entitled Southern Words and Sayings.[3][4]

The imagery of Richard Wagner's opera suite Der Ring des Nibelungen and its last part, Götterdämmerung is typically the one used in depictions accompanying reference to the phrase. The "fat lady" is the valkyrie Brünhilde, who is traditionally presented as a very buxom lady with horned helmet, spear and round shield (although Brünhilde actually wears a winged helmet). Her aria lasts almost ten minutes and marks the end of the opera.

See also


  1. ^ Cecil Adams, "What's the origin of "the opera ain't over till the fat lady sings?"", The Straight Dope, October 25, 1991.
  2. ^ Baseball Slang
  3. ^ Smith, Fabia Rue and Smith, Charles Rayford (1976) Southern words and sayings Office Supply Company, Jackson, Miss. OCLC 3623527
  4. ^ Shapiro, Fred "World Wide Words: It ain’t over till the fat lady sings"


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