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Italian Socialist Party
Secretary Riccardo Nencini
President Pia Elda Locatelli
Coordinator Marco Di Lello
Founded 5 October 2007
Headquarters piazza S. Lorenzo in Lucina, 26
00186 Rome
Newspaper MondOperaio
Membership unknown
Ideology Social democracy
International affiliation Socialist International
European affiliation Party of European Socialists
European Parliament Group Party of European Socialists (2007–2009)
Coalition with the Democratic Party
Website
http://www.partitosocialista.it/
Politics of Italy
Political parties
Elections

The Italian Socialist Party (Partito Socialista Italiano, PSI) is a social-democratic political party in Italy.

The party was founded in 2007–2008 by the merger of six minor social-democratic parties and associations: the Italian Democratic Socialists, Democracy and Socialism, the The Italian Socialists, the Socialist Party–De Michelis, the Association for the Rose in the Fist and Socialism is Freedom. From its founding until 7 October 2009, the party was known as the Socialist Party (Partito Socialista, PS).

Contents

History

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Foundation

A merger of all the former social-democratic parties in Italy was initially proposed by Enrico Boselli during the congress of the Italian Democratic Socialists (SDI) in April 2007. In that occasion the party decided not to join the Democratic Party and asked other parties to join them in a "Socialist Constituent Assembly" (Costituente Socialista) aimed at creating a new social-democratic party inspired to the late Italian Socialist Party (PSI), which was disbanded in 1994 in the aftermath of the Tangentopoli scandal.

Some minor parties and associations, including The Italian Socialists of Bobo Craxi, Socialism is Freedom led by Rino Formica and the Association for the Rose in the Fist of Lanfranco Turci joined enthusiastically to the proposal by Enrico Boselli. In June 2007 the New Italian Socialist Party (NPSI) split in two groups: the first, led by Stefano Caldoro, opted to stay within the House of Freedoms; the second, led by Gianni De Michelis, agreed to join the Constituent Assembly instead. The former retained the NPSI identity, while the latter formed the Socialist Party–De Michelis. At its foundation in October 2007 the PS was joined also by Gavino Angius, Franco Grillini and Valdo Spini, all three former Democrats of the Left who had joined the Democratic Left through Democracy and Socialism.

In the 2008 general election the Socialist Party stood alone outside of any alliance with other parties with Boselli as candidate for Prime Minister.[1] In the election, the Socialist Party gained less than 1% of the vote and failed to win any seats in the Italian Parliament.

Out of Parliament

At the first congress of the party, that took place on 4–6 July 2008, Riccardo Nencini was elected secretary, replacing Boselli, while Pia Elda Locatelli was elected president.[2] In September Nencini, proposed a new "reformist axis" comprising the Democratic Party (PD), the Union of Christian and Centre Democrats (UDC) and the Socialists, while explaining that the Democrats needed to chose between the reformism of the PS and the populism of Italy of Values, with which the Socialists reject any alliance for now.[3]

In October 2008 Angius and his group abandoned the PS in order to join the PD, proposing that the whole party should follow him.[4][5][6][7] In reply Nencini underlined how those leaving the party were not former member of the original PSI and that "no Socialist is leaving the PS" as Spini, the only former Socialist in the group, chose to stay in the PS.[8]

For European Parliament elections the PS formed a joint electoral list named Left and Freedom (SL) with the Movement for the Left, the Federation of the Greens, the Democratic Left and Unite the Left.[9] The list received just 3.1% of the national vote and failed to return any MEPs. Despite this, the national council of the PS chose to continue the experience of SL in order to build a "secular, libertarian and left-wing" political force which will join the PES[10], leading to the exit of Bobo Craxi, who launched the United Socialists in October.[11] However, one month later, also the PS suddenly left SL because it refused to be merged into it and loose its identity.[12] The party otherwise chose to support joint candidates with the PD and run its own lists in the forthcoming 2010 regional elections.[13]

Popular support

Similarly to its precursor parties, the PSI has its strongholds in Southern Italy. In the 2008 general election it won 2.0% in Calabria (2.8% for the Senate), 2.8% in Basilicata, 1.6% in Apulia and a surprising 1.8% in Umbria.

Leadership

References

External links


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