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The Italian general election of 1919, the first after World War I and the electoral reform that introduced proportional representation, took place on 16 November 1919.

The Liberal governing coalition, very fragmented in parties and lists, lost the absolute majority in the Chamber of Deputies, due to the success of the Italian Socialist Party, that jumped to 32.0% of the vote, and the Italian People's Party, that came third with 20.7%. The Socialists were the most voted list in almost every region and especially in Emilia-Romagna (60.0%), Piedmont (49.7%), Lombardy (45.9%), Tuscany (41.7%) and Umbria (46.5%), while the Populars were the largest party in Veneto (42.6%) and came second in Lombardy (30.1%) and the Liberal lists were stronger in Southern Italy (over 50% in Abruzzo, Campania, Basilicata, Apulia, Calabria and Sicily).[1]

Results

e • d 
Parties Chamber of Deputies
Votes +/- % +/- Seats +/-
Liberal parties 38.1
16.0
10.9
8.8
2.4
-8.6 209
96
60
41
12
-51
Italian Socialist Party (socialist) 32.0 +24.5 156 +109
Italian People's Party (Christian-democratic) 20.7 +16.0 100 +66
Party of Combatants (conservative) 4.1 new 20 new
Economic–Agrarian Party (agrarian-conservative) 1.6 new 7 new
Italian Reform Socialist Party (social-democratic) 1.5 -1.1 6 -15
Italian Republican Party (social-liberal) 1.5 -0.6 9 -8
Independent Socialist Party (socialist) 0.6 -0.2 1 -10
Total (turnout 52.1%)   100.0   508  
Source: Piergiorgio Corbetta; Maria Serena Piretti, Atlante storico-elettorale d'Italia, Zanichelli, Bologna 2009

References

  1. ^ Piergiorgio Corbetta; Maria Serena Piretti, Atlante storico-elettorale d'Italia, Zanichelli, Bologna 2009
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