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Italian general election, 1996: Wikis

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1994 Italy 2001
Italian general election, 1996
All 630 seats in the Italian Chamber of Deputies
and 315 (of the 326) seats in the Italian Senate
21 April 1996
First party Second party Third party
Prodi Heiligendamm G8 2007 001 crop.jpg Silvio Berlusconi.jpg Umberto Bossi.JPG
Leader Romano Prodi Silvio Berlusconi Umberto Bossi
Party The Olive Tree Pole of Freedoms Lega Nord
Leader's seat Bologna East Milan Centre IV - North Lombardy
Last election 259 & 153 seats, 34.4% 273 & 114 seats, total 42.8% 93 & 41 seats, 8.4%
Seats won 320 (H)
167 (S)
246 (H)
116 (S)
59 (H)
27 (S)
Seat change +75 -25 -48
Popular vote 16,924,099 15,095,436 4,038,239
Percentage 45.4% 43.2% 10.8%

An early national general election was held in Italy on April 21, 1996 to elect members of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic. Olive Tree leader Romano Prodi won the election, narrowly defeating Silvio Berlusconi, who led the Pole of Freedoms.

For the election, the Northern League of Umberto Bossi ran alone, after having left the Berlusconi I government in 1994, causing a crisis who drove President Oscar Luigi Scalfaro to appoint a technocratic cabinet led by Lamberto Dini, which in turn lost its Parliamentary support in 1995, forcing Scalfaro to dissolve the Italian Parliament. The Communist Refoundation Party, led by Fausto Bertinotti, instead made a pre-electoral alliance with the Olive Tree, presenting its own candidates, supported by Prodi's coalition, mainly in some safe leftist constituencies, in exchange for supporting Olive Tree candidates on the other ones, and ensuring external support for a Prodi government.

Contents

Electoral system

The intricate electoral system of Italy, nicknamed as Mattarellum (after Sergio Mattarella, who was the official proponent), provided a 75% of the seats on the Chamber of Deputies (the Lower House) as elected by first-past-the-post system, whereas the remaining 25% was assigned on a proportional way with a minimum threshold of 4%. If possible, the method associate on the Senate was even more complicated: 75% of seats by uninominal method, and 25% by a special proportional method that actually assigned the remaining seats to minority parties.

Results

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Chamber of Deputies

Coalition Results
Uninominal Proportional Total
Votes % Seats Coalition Party Seats
Party Votes % Seats Total
  Olive Tree 15,758,981 45.4% 247 Democratic Party of the Left 7,894,118 21.1% 26 38 285
PPI-SVP-PRI-UD-Prodi 2,554,072 6.8% 4
Dini List (RI-SI-Patto) 1,627,380 4.3% 8
Federation of the Greens 938,665 2.5% -
  Pole of Freedoms 15,027,030 43.2% 169 Forza Italia 7,712,149 20.6% 37 77 246
National Alliance 5,870,491 15.7% 28
CCD-CDU 2,189,563 5.8% 12
  Northern League 4,038,239 10.8% 39 Northern League 3,776,354 10.1% 20 20 59
  Communist Refoundation Party
Presented itself as Progressives
1,000,501 2.7% 15 Communist Refoundation Party 3,213,748 8.6% 20 20 35
  South Tyrolean People's Party 156,708 1.0% 3 - - - - - 3
  Vallée d'Aoste 37,431 0.1% 1 - - - - - 1
  Southern Action League 82,373 0.2% 1 Southern Action League 72,062 0.2% - - 1
  Pannella-Sgarbi List 69,406 0.2% - Pannella-Sgarbi List 702,988 1.9% - - -
  Tricolour Flame 624,558 1.7% - Tricolour Flame 339,351 0.9% - - -
  Sardinia Nation 42,245 0.1% - Sardinia Nation 23,355 0.1% - - -
  Others 502,463 1.3% - - 570,102 1.3% - - -

Senate of the Republic

Coalition Results
Uninominal Proportional Total
Votes % Seats Seats Seats
  Olive Tree 13,444,977 41.2% 134 23 157
  Pole of Freedoms 12,185,020 37.3% 67 49 116
  Lega Nord 3,394,733 10.4% 18 9 27
  Communist Refoundation Party
Presented itself as Progressives
940,655 2.9% 10 - 10
  South Tyrolean People's Party 178,425 0.5% 2 - 2
  Tricolour Flame 747,487 2.3% - 1 1
  Pannella-Sgarbi List 509,826 1.6% - 1 1
  Vallée d'Aoste 29,538 0.1% 1 - 1
  Others 1,193,923 3.7% - - -

Both chambers uninominal part by region

Region Seats by region
Chamber of Deputies Senate of the Republic
House of Freedoms Olive Tree Northern League PRC Other House of Freedoms Olive Tree Northern League PRC Other
Piedmont 11 23 1 1 - 5 10 1 1 -
Aosta Valley - - - - 1 - - - - 1
Lombardy 34 19 20 - - 11 15 8 1 -
Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol 1 4 - - 3 2 2 - - 2
Veneto 7 14 15 1 - 1 8 8 - -
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 5 2 3 - - 3 1 1 - -
Liguria 4 9 - 1 - 2 3 - 1 -
Emilia-Romagna 1 28 - 3 - - 13 - 2 -
Tuscany 1 24 - 4 - - 12 - 2 -
Umbria - 6 - 1 - - 4 - 1 -
Marche 1 9 - 2 - - 6 - - -
Latium 16 27 - - - 8 13 - - -
Abruzzo 5 6 - - - 1 4 - - -
Molise 1 2 - - - - 2 - - -
Campania 21 25 - 1 - 7 13 - 2 -
Apulia 17 16 - - 1 9 7 - - -
Basilicata 1 4 - - - - 5 - - -
Calabria 6 11 - - - 4 4 - - -
Sicily 31 10 - - - 13 7 - - -
Sardinia 6 7 - 1 - 1 5 - - -

External links

Preceded by
1994 general election
Italian general elections Succeeded by
2001 general election

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