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The Honourable Justice
 Ivan Rand

In office
April 22, 1943 – April 27, 1959
Preceded by Oswald Smith Crocket
Succeeded by Roland Ritchie

Born April 27, 1884(1884-04-27)
Moncton, New Brunswick
Died January 2, 1969 (aged 84)

Ivan Cleveland Rand, CC (April 27, 1884 – January 2, 1969) was a Canadian lawyer, politician, academic, and Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada.

Born in Moncton, New Brunswick, the son of Nelson Rand and Minnie Turner, he received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Mount Allison University in 1909. In 1912, he received a Bachelor of Law degree from Harvard Law School. He was called to the bar of New Brunswick in 1912. From 1912 to 1920, he practiced law in Medicine Hat, Alberta. Returning back to Moncton in 1920, he joined the Canadian National Railways as a counsel.

In 1924, he was named Attorney General of New Brunswick and was a member of the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick from February to June 1925.

On April 22, 1943, he was appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada. In 1945, he developed the Rand formula. In 1947, he was Canada's representative on the United Nations Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP). He retired on April 27, 1959.

From 1959 to 1964, he was the first Dean of the law school of the University of Western Ontario.[1] In 1966, he chaired a Royal Commission into allegations of improper stock trading against Supreme Court of Ontario justice Leo Landreville.

In 1969, he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada.

He received Honorary degrees from Mount Allison University, the University of New Brunswick, Dalhousie University, Queen's University, the University of Toronto, the University of Western Ontario and Columbia University.

Rand was Canada's appointee to the United Nations Special Committee on Palestine following World War II. As such, Rand visited Mandatory Palestine in 1947 and became a supporter of partition supporting UNSCOP's majority report which led to the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine. He became a supporter of the state of Israel once it was created in 1948 and visited in 1959 to dedicate a forest in Jerusalem named in his honour.[2]

Biographer William Kaplan describes Rand as "an intolerant bigot" who dislike French Canadians, Catholics, Jews and Canadians who weren't of British stock. When his sister married an Acadian, Rand refused to talk to her for 30 years. Nevertheless, as a judge, Rand was a civil libertarian who struck down restrictive covenants that barred property from being sold or rented to Jews or non-whites, acknowledged the rights of Japanese Canadians who were being interned as enemy aliens during World War II, defended the rights to free speech of the Communist Party of Canada when it was banned by the Canadian government under the War Measures Act as well as the rights of Jehovah's Witnesses being persecuted under Quebec's Padlock Law. During his tenure as dean of the University of Western Ontario's law school he was reluctant to hire a Jewish applicant claiming that a small town like London, Ontario could not abide "too many Jews". He would complain regularly about people whose names ended with vowels. Kaplan explained this contradiction in describing Rand as a person with a "first rate mind but a third rate temperament".[2] [3]


  1. ^ "Newsletter". University of Western Ontario. "The first Dean of Law at Western was Ivan Cleveland Rand" 
  2. ^ a b "Justice Rand played key role in Israel's statehood", Canadian Jewish News, November 26, 2009
  3. ^ First-Rate Mind, Third-Rate Temperament. Amicus Curiae.

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