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Ivy League Presidents: Wikis

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According to the Mudd Library at Princeton University, February 1954 is the accepted founding date of the Ivy League as an athletic consortium.[1] However, the first Ivy League institution, Harvard University, was founded in 1636 under the leadership of Nathaniel Eaton. Beyond the sphere of athletic competition among its members, the Ivy League association also represents a tradition of scholarly distinction unique to some of the oldest colleges in the United States.

By certain counts, 34 of the Ivy League presidents presided over their respective institutions during the British colonial period prior to the American Revolution. Graduates of these institutions, who had typically studied very closely with their university president, were heavily involved in leadership roles in business, religion and politics across the original thirteen colonies. A disproportionate number of the colonial period presidents (if not all), as well as several in the post-Independence period governed by the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution of the United States of America were ordained ministers (including a few bishops) in the Anglican, Baptist, Congregationalist, Presbyterian or Puritan religious traditions. That academic tradition of close relationship with religious traditions was maintained at many of these universities well into the 19th century or beyond. Cornell University is unique for being entirely nonsectarian from its inception. Since the 20th century, a greater emphasiss on secular academic inquiry and religious diversity has predominated among all eight of the Ivy League universities.

In this context, an overview of the leadership of the Ivy League universities is helpful to appreciating their role in the cultural history of the United States from the pre-Revolutionary British colonial period through the present.

Contents

Brown University

The following is a list of presidents of Brown University, formerly known as the College in the English Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations and the College of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.

The Reverend James Manning, by Cosmo Alexander, 1770
President Brown Class Life Tenure Events
1. The Reverend James Manning - 1738-1791 1765-1791 The College in the English Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations is established. American Revolution. The College of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations is established.
2. The Reverend Jonathan Maxcy[2] 1787 1768-1820 1792-1802
3. The Reverend Asa Messer[3] 1790 1769-1836 1802-1826 The College of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations is renamed as Brown University; first Medical School founded.
4. The Reverend Francis Wayland - 1796-1865 1827-1855 Suspension of the Medical School
5. The Reverend Barnas Sears 1825 1802-1880 1855-1867
6. The Reverend Alexis Caswell 1822 1799-1877 1868-1872
7. The Reverend Ezekiel Gilman Robinson[4] 1838 1815-1894 1872-1889 Graduate study instituted
8. The Reverend Elisha Benjamin Andrews 1870 1844-1917 1889-1898 Women's College founded
9. The Reverend William H. P. Faunce[5] 1880 1859-1930 1899-1929 Women's College renamed to Pembroke College
10. The Reverend Clarence Augustus Barbour 1888 1867-1937 1929-1937 Last of long line of Baptist minister Presidents
11. Henry M. Wriston - 1889-1978 1937-1955
12. Barnaby C. Keeney - 1914-1980 1955-1966
13. Ray L. Heffner[6] - 1925- 1966-1969 New Curriculum passed
14. Donald F. Hornig[7] - 1920- 1970-1976 Pembroke merged with Brown, Medical School founded
15. Howard R. Swearer - 1932-1991 1977-1988
16. Vartan Gregorian - 1934- 1989-1997
17. E. Gordon Gee - 1944- 1998-2000
17.1 Sheila E. Blumstein - 1943- 2000-2001 Interim President
18. Ruth J. Simmons - 1945- 2001-

Columbia University

The following is a list of presidents of Columbia University (formerly known as King's College, Columbia College in the State of New York, Columbia College in the City of New York, and Columbia University in the City of New York).

The Right Reverend Benjamin Moore
President Birth Year–Death Year Years as President Name of Institution; Notes
1 The Reverend Samuel Johnson (1696–1772) (1754–1763) King's College
2 The Reverend Myles Cooper (1735–1785) (1763–1775) King's College
2.1 The Reverend Benjamin Moore (1748–1816) (1775–1784) King's College; acting president; American Revolution.
2.2 George Clinton (1739–1812) (1784–1787) Columbia College "in the State of New York"; Chancellor (Regents government)
3 William Samuel Johnson (1727–1819) (1787–1800) Columbia College "in the City of New York" (Trustees government)
4 The Reverend Charles Henry Wharton (1748–1833) (1801–1801) Columbia College
5 The Right Reverend Benjamin Moore (1748–1816) (1801–1810) Columbia College; Assistant Bishop for the Episcopal Diocese of New York
6 The Reverend William Harris (1765–1829) (1811–1829) Columbia College; shares authority with Provost John Mitchell Mason until 1816
7 William Alexander Duer (1780–1858) (1829–1842) Columbia College
8 Nathaniel Fish Moore (1782–1872) (1842–1849) Columbia College
9 Charles King (1789–1867) (1849–1863) Columbia College; presides over move to Madison Avenue campus
10 Frederick Augustus Porter Barnard (1809–1889) (1864–1889) Columbia College
11 Seth Low (1850–1916) (1890–1901) Columbia College; presides over move to Morningside Heights campus; name changes to "Columbia University in the City of New York"
12 Nicholas Murray Butler (1862–1947) (1902–1945) Columbia University
12.1 Frank D. Fackenthal (1883–1968) (1945–1948) Columbia University (acting)
13 Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890–1969) (1948–1953) Columbia University; on leave while Supreme Commander of NATO
14 Grayson L. Kirk (1903–1997) (1953–1968) Columbia University; resigned after 1968 protests
15 Andrew W. Cordier (1901–1975) (1969–1970) Columbia University
16 William J. McGill (1922–1997) (1970–1980) Columbia University
17 Michael I. Sovern (1931– ) (1980–1993) Columbia University
18 George Erik Rupp (1942– ) (1993–2002) Columbia University
19 Lee C. Bollinger (1947– ) (2002– ) Columbia University

Cornell University

The following is a list of presidents of Cornell University.

President Life Tenure
Andrew Dickson White 1832-1918 1866-1885
Charles Kendall Adams 1856-1902 1885-1892
Jacob Gould Schurman 1854-1942 1892-1920
Livingston Farrand 1867-1939 1921-1937
Edmund Ezra Day 1883-1951 1937-1949
Deane Waldo Malott 1898-1996 1951-1963
James A. Perkins 1911-1998 1963-1969
Dale R. Corson b. 1914 1969-1977
Frank H. T. Rhodes b. 1926 1977-1995
Hunter R. Rawlings III b. 1944 1995-2003
Jeffrey S. Lehman (B.A. 1977) b. 1956 2003-2005
David J. Skorton b. 1949 2006-

Dartmouth College

The following is a list of presidents of Dartmouth College.

The Reverend Eleazar Wheelock

Harvard University

The following is a list of presidents of Harvard University (formerly known as New College and Harvard College).

Increase Mather in 1688, when he was in London. Portrait by John van der Spriett.

John Winthrop served as acting president in 1769 and again in 1773, but both times he declined the offer of the full presidency on grounds of old age. Other minor acting presidents have included William Brattle, Edward Wigglesworth, Henry Ware (1810, 1828-1829), Andrew Preston Peabody (1862, 1868-1869), and Henry Pickering Walcott.

University of Pennsylvania

The following is a list of heads of the University of Pennsylvania (formerly known as the Church and Charity School of Philadelphia, the Academy of Philadelphia, and the College of Philadelphia).

A 1777 portrait of Benjamin Franklin, Penn's founder, by Jean-Baptiste Greuze.
Provost birth–death Years as provost Name of institution Notes
1 The Reverend George Whitefield 1714–1770 1740–1746 Church and Charity School of Philadelphia
2 Benjamin Franklin 1706–1790 1749–1754 Academy of Philadelphia
3 The Reverend William Smith 1727–1803 1754–1779 College of Philadelphia American Revolution
4 The Reverend John Ewing 1732–1802 1779–1802 University of Pennsylvania American Revolution
5 The Reverend William Smith 1751–1820 1802–1806 University of Pennsylvania
6 The Reverend John McDowell 1732–1802 1807–1810 University of Pennsylvania
7 The Reverend John Andrews 1746–1813 1810–1813 University of Pennsylvania
8 The Reverend Frederick Beasley 1777–1845 1813–1828 University of Pennsylvania
9 The Right Reverend William Heathcote DeLancey 1797–1865 1828–1834 University of Pennsylvania
10 The Reverend John Ludlow 1793–1857 1834–1852 University of Pennsylvania
11 The Reverend Henry Vethake 1790–1866 1853–1859 University of Pennsylvania
13 The Reverend Daniel Goodwin 1811–1890 1860–1868 University of Pennsylvania
14 Charles Janeway Stillé 1819–1899 1868–1880 University of Pennsylvania
15 William Pepper 1843–1898 1881–1894 University of Pennsylvania
16 Charles Custis Harrison 1844–1929 1894–1910 University of Pennsylvania
17 Edgar Fahs Smith 1854–1928 1910–1920 University of Pennsylvania
18 Josiah Harmar Penniman 1868–1940 1923–1930 University of Pennsylvania
Presidents of the University of Pennsylvania Years as president
1 Thomas Sovereign Gates 1930–1944
2 George William McClelland 1944–1948
3 Harold Edward Stassen 1948–1953
4 William Hagan DuBarry 1953–1953, Acting President
5 Gaylord Probasco Harnwell 1953–1970
6 Martin Meyerson 1970–1981
7 Sheldon Hackney 1981–1993
8 Claire Fagin 1993–1994, Interim President
9 Judith Rodin 1994–2004
10 Amy Gutmann 2004–Present

Princeton University

The following is a list of presidents of Princeton University (formerly known as the College of New Jersey).

The Reverend John Witherspoon
Acting Presidents are in italics
  1. The Reverend Jonathan Dickinson 1747
    Aaron Burr, Sr.
  2. The Reverend Aaron Burr, Sr. 1748-1757
  3. The Reverend Jonathan Edwards 1758
    Jacob Green
  4. The Reverend Samuel Davies 1759-1761
  5. The Reverend Samuel Finley 1761-1766
    John Blair
  6. The Reverend John Witherspoon 1768-1794 - presidency during the American Revolution
  7. The Reverend Samuel Stanhope Smith 1795-1812
  8. The Reverend Ashbel Green 1812-1822
    Philip Lindsly
  9. The Reverend James Carnahan 1823-1854
  10. The Reverend John Maclean, Jr. 1854-1868
  11. The Reverend James McCosh 1868-1888
  12. The Reverend Francis L. Patton 1888-1902
  13. Woodrow Wilson 1902-1910
    John Aikman Stewart
  14. John Grier Hibben 1912-1932
    Edward Dickinson Duffield
  15. Harold W. Dodds 1933-1957
  16. Robert F. Goheen 1957-1972
  17. William G. Bowen 1972-1988
  18. Harold T. Shapiro 1988-2001
  19. Shirley M. Tilghman 2001-present

Yale University

The following is a list of heads of Yale University (formerly known as Collegiate School and Yale College).

The Reverend Ezra Stiles, by Samuel King
Rectors of Yale College birth–death years as rector
1 The Reverend Abraham Pierson (1641–1707) (1701–1707) Collegiate School
2 The Reverend Samuel Andrew (1656–1738) (1707–1719) (pro tempore)
3 The Reverend Timothy Cutler (1684–1765) (1719–1726) 1718/9: renamed Yale College
4 The Reverend Elisha Williams (1694–1755) (1726–1739)
5 The Reverend Thomas Clap (1703–1767) (1740–1745)
Presidents of Yale College birth–death years as president
1 The Reverend Thomas Clap (1703–1767) (1745–1766)
2 The Reverend Naphtali Daggett (1727–1780) (1766–1777) (pro tempore) - presidency during the American Revolution
3 The Reverend Ezra Stiles (1727–1795) (1778–1795) - presidency during the American Revolution
4 The Reverend Timothy Dwight IV (1752–1817) (1795–1817)
5 The Reverend Jeremiah Day (1773–1867) (1817–1846)
6 Theodore Dwight Woolsey (1801–1899) (1846–1871)
7 The Reverend Noah Porter III (1811–1892) (1871–1886)
8 The Reverend Timothy Dwight V (1828–1916) (1886–1899) 1887: renamed Yale University
9 Arthur Twining Hadley (1856–1930) (1899–1921)
10 James Rowland Angell (1869–1949) (1921–1937)
11 Charles Seymour (1885–1963) (1937–1951)
12 Alfred Whitney Griswold (1906–1963) (1951–1963)
13 Kingman Brewster, Jr. (1919–1988) (1963–1977)
14 Hanna Holborn Gray (1930– ) (1977–1977) (acting)
15 A. Bartlett Giamatti (1938–1989) (1977–1986)
16 Benno C. Schmidt, Jr. (1942– ) (1986–1992)
17 Howard R. Lamar (1923– ) (1992–1993) (acting)
18 Richard C. Levin (1947– ) (1993– )

References

External links

Brown University links
Columbia University links
Cornell University links
Dartmouth College links
Harvard University links
University of Pennsylvania links
Princeton University links
Yale University links
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