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Józef Pinior (born on 9 March 1955 in Rybnik) is a Polish politician and Member of the European
Parliament for the DS &
OP with the Socjaldemokracja Polska, part of the Socialist Group and sits
on the European Parliament's Committee on Development.
Pinior is a substitute for the Committee on Foreign
Affairs and a member of the Delegation for relations with the
Graduate of the Faculty of Law at Wrocław University (1978), he continued his
education in the Postgraduate College of Ethics and History of
Religions at Wrocław University (1980) and the School of the Social
Science at the Polish Academy of Science Institute of Philosophy
and Sociology in Warsaw (1996). He was a grant holder at the New School University in New York.
Józef Pinior often appears in radio and TV, gives interviews. He
is an author of many texts and commentaries. He also regularly
chairs programs on European Union.
In 1980 - 1989 Pinior was a trade unionist of the NSZZ "Solidarność". After the imposing of the Martial Law in Poland he became a leader of
the "Solidarność" working in the underground. A leader of "RKS
Solidarność" of Lower Silesia and a member of the
underground national management of the union – Provisional
Co-ordination Committee of the NSZZ "Solidarność"- and since 1986
public Provisional Board of the NSZZ "Solidarność".
He became famous for saving treat union’s 80 millions złotys
from confiscation by the Security Service a few days before the
imposing of the Martial Law in Poland. At that time he
performed a duty of financial spokesman for the Union. Wanted after
13 December 1981, he lived in hiding. Many times arrested detained
and imprisoned for his activity in the independent trade union in
the years 1983-1988. He was called a prisoner of conscience by the
Amnesty International between 29
May 1984 and 21 August 1984. He was a co-originator of famous,
underground Solidarność Radio.
From July 1987 Jozef Pinior fulfilled a duty of a spokesman for
the Polish part of the Polish-Czech “Solidarność”. In this time he
took an active part in happenings of the Orange
Alternative and he promoted this organization in the
independent and foreign media. In 1987 he was one of the
co-originators of PPS. He was the
vice-president for the Foreign Affairs in the Labour union in 1998-1999.
After 1989 Józef Pinior was busy doing scientific research and
didactic work. His work was concentrated on a comparative analysis
of procedures of getting out of the non-democratic regimes in South
Europe, Latin America and Middle-East Europe. In 1989, at labour
organizations’ invitation he was conducting research in Brazil and
Argentina. In 1990s he was a grant holder at the New School
University in New York – his scientific program received the
Democracy Fellowship from The Pew Charitable Trusts in
the USA. On the basis of his experience in the New School
University he worked out a row of lectures concerning contemporary
politic systems, foreign affairs and European integration.
In 1992-1994 Pinior completed post-graduate work at the Ethics
and Religious Studies, University of Wrocław (1980) and the Centre
for Social Studies at the Institute of Philosophy and Sociology,
Polish Academy of Sciences. In 1993-1994: Scholarship to the New
School University, New York. Since 1997, he's been a lecturer in
the Department of Philosophy and Social Communication at the
Academy of Economy and in the School of Management and Finances in
Wroclaw. From September 2002 the Plenipotentiary of the Governor of
the Lower Silesia for the European Referendum. From August 2003 the
Plenipotentiary of the Governor of the Lower Silesia for the
- "Around political existentialism of Hannah Arendt" in: The Humanities (Nauki
Humanistyczne), nr 3/1997, the Academy of Economy in Wroclaw;
- "Getting out of the authoritarianism in South Europe, Latin
America and Middle-East Europe " in: Social Science. Research work
at the Oscar Lange Academy of Economy in Wroclaw (Nauki Społeczne.
Prace naukowe Akademii Ekonomicznej im. Oskara Langego we
Wrocławiu), nr 685/1994;
- "Polonia: Crisis de transición" in: El socialismo en el Umbral
del Siglo XXI, México, Universidad Autónoma
Metropolitana, X 1991.
- 'Wychodzenie z autorytaryzmu w Europie Południowej, w Ameryce
Łacińskiej oraz w Europie Środkowo-Wschodniej'