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Bundesarchiv Bild 102-09893, Sowjet-Kriegskommissar Unschlicht.jpg

Józef Unszlicht or Iosif Unshlikht (Russian: Ио́сиф Станисла́вович У́ншлихт; nicknames "Jurowski", "Leon") (December 31 [O.S. 19 December] 1879 in Mława - July 28, 1938), a Bolshevik revolutionary activist and Soviet government official of Polish-Jewish extraction. A member of Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania from 1900 and the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party from 1906 (following their merger), Unszlicht took part in Vladimir Lenin's October Revolution and in 1918 joined the Red Army.

In 1919 Unszlicht served briefly as an authority in Lithuania and Belarus, and in 1920 joined the Politburo of the Communist Party. During the Polish-Soviet War in August 1920 he became a member of Provisional Polish Revolutionary Committee, the Bolshevist puppet government of Poland in Białystok.

His brother, Julian, was a journalist who "fought against the socialist movement in general and especially against Jewish involvement in it."[1] In later years, Julian converted to Catholicism and joined the priesthood.[1]

Józef Unszlicht was arrested in 1937, during the Great Purge, and executed in 1938.


  1. ^ a b Hoffman, Stefani, and Ezra Mendelsohn. The Revolution of 1905 and Russia's Jews. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008. ISBN 0812240642, 9780812240641 P. 283.

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