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Jōan (承安 ?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, ?, lit. "year name") after Kaō and before Angen. This period spanned the years from 1171 through 1175. The reigning emperor was Takakura-tennō (高倉天皇 ?).[1]


Change of era

  • Jōan gannen (承安元年 ?); 1171: The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Kaō 3, on the 21st day of the 4th month of 1171.[2]

Events of the Jōan era

  • Jōan 1, on the 3rd day of the 1st month (1172): The emperor had attained the age of 11 years; accordingly, the hair on his head was shaved as a sign of his coming of age.[3]
  • Jōan 1, on the 13th day of the 1st month (1171): The young emperor made a visit to the home of former-Emperor Go-Shirakawa, where he first met Tiara-no Tokoku, the adopted daughter of Go-Shirakawa and the actual daughter of Taira no Kiomori. He accepted the 15-year-old girl as on of his consorts, and she moved into his palace.[4]
  • Jōan 2, 10th day of the 2nd month (1171): Taira Kiyomori’s daughter, Tokuko, becomes Emperor Takakura’s his secondary empress (chūgo).[5]
  • Jōan 2, in the 10th month (1172): Takakura visited the Fushimi Inari-taisha and the Yasaka Shrine.[6]
  • Jōan 2, in the 12th month (1172): Matsu motofusa ceased to be regent (sesshō) and daijō-daijin; and he obtained the office of kampaku.[7]
  • Jōan 3, on the 1st day of the 4th month (1173): Shinran, founder of Jodo Shinshu, was born and named Matsuwakamaro
  • Jōan 3, in the 4th month (1173): The emperor visited the Iwashimizu Shrine and the Kamo Shrines.[6]
  • Jōan 3, in the 10th month (1173): The emperor's mother, Ken-shun-mon In, founded the Saishōkō Cloister, which was consecrated at a dedication ceremony in which she was a participant.[8]
  • Jōan 4, in the 1st month (1174): The emperor made visits to his father and to his mother.[6]


  1. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 195-200; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 330-333; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 212-214.
  2. ^ Brown, p. 332.
  3. ^ Titsingh, p. 196; Brown, 331.
  4. ^ Titsingh, p. 196.
  5. ^ Kitagawa, H. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 783; Titsingh, p. 197.
  6. ^ a b c Titsingh, p. 197.
  7. ^ Titsingh, p. 197; Brown, p. 331.
  8. ^ Titsingh, p. 197, Brown, p. 333.

External links

Jōan 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
Gregorian 1171 1172 1173 1174 1175

Preceded by:

Era or nengō:

Succeeded by:



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