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A Doctor of Canon and Civil Law, from the Latin doctor utriusque iuris, or iuris utriusque doctor, or doctor iuris utriusque ("doctor of both laws") is a scholar who has acquired a doctorate in both civil law and church law. The degree was common among Catholic and German scholars[1] of the Middle Ages and early modern times, but is less so today. In unique circumstances, ex-President of the U.S. Grover Cleveland was given the J.U.D. as an honorary degree by the Augustinian College of St. Thomas of Villanova in 1902.[2]

The degree can be abbreviated in many ways: JUD, IUD, DUJ, JUDr., DUI, DJU, Dr.iur.utr., DIU, UJD or UID.

Doctors of Civil and Canon Law


  1. ^ Gottfried Leibniz held the degree. Ross, G. (1980). Leibniz and Superstition. Delivered to the Northern Association for Philosophy, 26th January 1980. Accessed May 29, 2008.
  2. ^ New York Times (1902). To Honor Mr. Cleveland. New York: New York Times.

See also

[lt:Abiejų teisių daktaras]]


Jud may refer to:

See also


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