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Jacinto Benavente

Born August 12, 1866(1866-08-12)
Madrid, Spain
Died July 14, 1954 (aged 87)
Madrid, Spain
Nationality Spanish
Notable award(s) Nobel Prize in Literature
1922

Jacinto Benavente y Martínez (August 12, 1866 – July 14, 1954) was one of the foremost Spanish dramatists of the 20th century. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1922.

Born in Madrid, the son of a celebrated pediatrician, he returned drama to reality by way of social criticism: declamatory verse giving way to prose, melodrama to comedy, formula to experience, impulsive action to dialogue and the play of minds. Benavente showed a preoccupation with aesthetics and later with ethics.

A liberal monarchist and a critic of Socialism, he was a reluctant supporter of the Franco regime as the only viable alternative to what he considered the disastrous republican experiment of 1931-1936. Benavente died in Aldeaencabo de Escalona (Toledo) at the age of 87. He never married. According to many sources, he was homosexual.[1][2]

Principal works

Jacinto Benavente wrote 172 works. The most important works are:

  • Los intereses creados (1907), comedy involving situations similar to those found in the Commedia dell Arte; it is Benavente's most famous and often performed work. It has been translated as The Bonds of Interest.
  • Rosas de otoño (1905), sentimental comedy.
  • Señora ama (1908), penetrante estudio psicológico de una mujer asediada por los celos.
  • La malquerida (1913), drama.
  • La ciudad alegre y confiada (1916), continuation from Los intereses creados.
  • Campo de armiño (1916)
  • Lecciones de buen amor (1924)
  • La mariposa que voló sobre el mar (1926)
  • Pepa Doncel (1928)
  • Vidas cruzadas (1929)
  • Aves y pájaros (1940)
  • La honradez de la cerradura (1942)
  • La infanzona (1945)
  • Titania (1946)
  • La infanzona (1947)
  • Abdicación (1948)
  • Ha llegado Don Juan (1952)
  • El alfiler en la boca (1954)

References

  1. ^ (Spanish) Villena, Luis Antonio de (ed.) (2002), Amores iguales. Antología de la poesía gay y lésbica, Madrid: La Esfera, ISBN 84-9734-061-2  
  2. ^ (Spanish) Garzón, Juan Ignacio García (14 July 2004), La paradoja del comediógrafo, ABC.es, http://www.abc.es/hemeroteca/historico-14-07-2004/Cultura/la-paradoja-del-comediografo_9622554462354.html, retrieved 2007-09-19  

External links

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