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Jack Brabham
BrabhamJack1966B.jpg
Jack Brabham in 1966, the year of his final world championship
Nationality  Australian
Formula One World Championship career
Active years 1955 - 1970
Teams Cooper, Rob Walker Racing Team and Brabham
Races 128 (126 starts)
Championships 3 (1959, 1960, 1966)
Wins 14
Podiums 31
Career points 253 (261)[1]
Pole positions 13
Fastest laps 12
First race 1955 British Grand Prix
First win 1959 Monaco Grand Prix
Last win 1970 South African Grand Prix
Last race 1970 Mexican Grand Prix

Sir John Arthur "Jack" Brabham, AO, OBE (born 2 April 1926) is a former Australian racing driver who was Formula One champion in 1959, 1960 and 1966. He was a founder of the Brabham racing team and race car constructor that bore his name.

Brabham was a Royal Australian Air Force flight mechanic and ran a small engineering workshop before he started racing midget cars in 1948. His successes in midgets and Australian and New Zealand road racing events led to him going to the United Kingdom to further his racing career. There he became part of the Cooper Car Company's racing team, building as well as racing cars. He contributed to the design of the mid-engined cars that Cooper introduced to Formula One and the Indianapolis 500, and won the Formula One world championship in 1959 and 1960. In 1962 he established his own Brabham marque with fellow Australian Ron Tauranac, which became the largest manufacturer of customer racing cars in the world in the 1960s. In 1966 Brabham became the only man to win the Formula One world championship driving one of his own cars.

Brabham retired to Australia after the 1970 Formula One season, where he bought a farm and maintained various business interests, which included the Engine Developments racing engine manufacturer and several garages. As of 2008, he is the oldest surviving Formula One world champion.

Contents

Early life

John Arthur Brabham was born on 2 April 1926 in Hurstville, then a commuter town outside Sydney, Australia. Brabham was involved with cars and mechanics from an early age. At the age of 12, he learned to drive the family car and the trucks of his father's grocery business. Brabham attended technical college, preferring basic metalwork, carpentry and technical drawing.[2]

Brabham's early career continued the engineering theme. At the age of 15 he left school to work, combining a job at a local garage with an evening course in mechanical engineering. Brabham soon branched out into his own business selling motorbikes, which he bought and repaired for sale, using his parents' back veranda as his workshop.[3] Upon the WW2 demobilisation in 1946, Brabham started a small service, repair and machining business in a workshop built by his uncle on a plot of land behind his grandfather's house.[4]

RAAF Career

Towards the end of the Second World War, Brabham enlisted into the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) on May 19, 1944, just one month after his 18th birthday. Although keen on becoming a pilot, he was turned down, because due to the war there were already too many pilots. But as Brabham already possessed good mechanical skills, the Air Force was more than happy to recruit and train him as a flight mechanic, of which there was a wartime shortage. He was based at RAAF Williamtown where he worked on maintaining Bristol Beaufighters at No 5 Operational Training Unit (5OTU). On his 20th birthday, April 2, 1946, Brabham was discharged from the RAAF at the rank of Leading Aircraftman (LAC).

Racing career

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Australia

Brabham started racing after an American friend, Johnny Schonberg, persuaded him to watch a midget car race. Midget racing was a category for small open-wheel cars racing on dirt ovals. It was popular in Australia, attracting crowds of up to 40,000. Brabham records that he was not taken with the idea of driving, being convinced that the drivers "were all lunatics" but he agreed to build a car with Schonberg.[4]

At first Schonberg drove the homemade device, powered by a modified JAP motorcycle engine built by Brabham in his workshop. In 1948, Schonberg's wife persuaded him to stop racing and on his suggestion Brabham took over. He almost immediately found that he had a knack for the sport, winning on his third night's racing. Brabham has since said that it was "terrific driver training. You had to have quick reflexes: in effect you lived—or possibly died—on them."[5] Due to the time required to prepare the car, the sport also became his living. Brabham won the 1948 Australian Speedway Championship, the 1949 Australian and South Australian Speedcar championships, and the 1950-1951 Australian championship with the car.[6]

After successfully running the midget at some hillclimbing events in 1951, Brabham became interested in road racing. He bought and modified a series of racing cars from the Cooper Car Company, a prolific British constructor, and from 1953 concentrated on this form of racing, in which drivers compete on closed tarmac circuits. Supported by his father and by the Redex fuel additive company, Brabham competed in Australia and New Zealand until early 1955. His commercial approach, which included the painting of RedeX Special on the side of his car, did not go down well with the Confederation of Australian Motor Sport (CAMS), which promptly banned such obvious advertisements. After the 1955 New Zealand Grand Prix, Brabham was persuaded by Dean Delamont, competitions manager of the Royal Automobile Club in the United Kingdom, to try a season of racing in Europe, then the international centre of road racing.

Europe

Cooper

A rear-engined T51 of the type Brabham used to win his first world championship.

On arriving in Europe in early 1955, Brabham based himself in the UK, where he raced his own Cooper-Alta, bought from Peter Whitehead, in national events. However, as motorsport author Mike Lawrence describes it, he soon "seemed to merge into Cooper Cars, turning up and turning his hand to anything and doing it well."[7] His first drive for the Cooper works team was reportedly the transporter used to take their cars to the track. Brabham built a Cooper Bobtail mid-engined sportscar at the factory, fitted with a Bristol engine and intended for Formula One, the top category of single seater racing.[8] Brabham made his Grand Prix debut driving the car at the 1955 British Grand Prix. It was underpowered, having an engine capacity half a litre less than the 2.5-litre maximum, and Brabham did not finish the race.

Brabham recollects that he started working at Cooper on a daily basis from the mid point of the 1955 season, although he was not paid. Later in the year Brabham, again driving the Bobtail, tussled with Stirling Moss in a 2.5-litre Maserati 250F for third place in a non-championship Formula One race at Snetterton. Although Moss finished ahead, Brabham sees the race as a turning point, proving that he could compete at this level.[9] As a result he returned the UK the following year, having used the Bobtail to win the 1955 Australian Grand Prix at Port Wakefield.

Using the proceeds from the sale of the Bobtail, Brabham bought his own Maserati 250F from BRM in 1956. The 250F was a popular and competitive model, but Brabham campaigned it only briefly and unsuccessfully before abandoning it. Brabham's 1956 season was saved by drives for Cooper in sports cars and Formula Two, the junior category to Formula One, where the mid-engined cars had been having increasing success. Having the engine behind the driver has the advantage that the weight is concentrated on the powered rear wheels for more traction. In 1957, he drove the first mid-engined Cooper-Climax at the Monaco Grand Prix. He was running third before a component broke. Brabham pushed the car to the line to finish sixth, just outside the points.[10]

In 1959, Brabham won the World Championship with a Coventry Climax engined Cooper. He started the season strongly, with his first F1 World Championship race victory in the season-opening Monaco Grand Prix. A second win in the British Grand Prix at Aintree gave him a 13-point championship lead with four races to go, although Brabham was fortunate to escape without serious injury from a major accident in the Portuguese Grand Prix at Monsanto Park. He was chasing race leader Stirling Moss when a backmarker, Nicha Cabral, moved over on him and launched the Cooper into the air. Brabham was thrown from the car after hitting a telegraph pole, saving him from plunging into a ravine, and landed on the track while his Cooper was destroyed.[11] Brabham clinched the championship in the final race of the season, the United States Grand Prix at Sebring. He famously pushed his car over the line after running out of fuel while leading on the last lap, although his fourth-place finish didn't count towards his championship-winning tally because a driver only counted their best five results under that year's regulations. His winning margin over Ferrari's Tony Brooks was four points.

Despite their lead in putting the engine behind the driver, the Coopers and their Chief Designer Owen Maddock were resistant to developing their cars. Brabham pushed for further advances, and played a significant role in developing Cooper's highly successful 1960 T53 'lowline' car.[12] Brabham won the championship again in 1960 driving the T53.

Brabham took the Championship-winning Cooper to the Indianapolis Motor Speedway for a test following the 1960 season, then entered the famous 500-mile race in a modified version of the Formula One car in 1961. The "funny" little car from Europe was mocked by the Americans with their front-engined roadsters, but Brabham ran as high as third before finishing ninth. To this day, Brabham is certain that he would have won had Dunlop supplied harder-wearing tyres better-suited to the track after having to make far more pit-stops than his rivals.[13] The Indianapolis establishment gradually realized the writing was on the wall as Brabham and his team principal John Cooper had shown that the days of front-engined roadsters were numbered. Ironically, Cooper was not as competitive this year, as the 1.5 litre engine rules were introduced and the famous Shark Nose Ferrari dominated.

Brabham

"There's no way you could call those 1500-cc machines Formula One." Jack Brabham, seen here at the Nürburgring 1965 in a 1.5 litre Brabham BT11-Climax, never liked the smaller-engined Formula One cars

Despite his success with Cooper, Brabham was sure he could do better, and in late 1959 he asked his friend Ron Tauranac to come to the UK and work with him, initially producing upgrade kits for Sunbeam Rapier and Triumph Herald road cars at his car dealership, Jack Brabham Motors, but with the long-term aim of designing racing cars.[14]

To meet that aim, Brabham and Tauranac set up Motor Racing Developments Ltd. (MRD), which initially produced customer racing cars, while Brabham himself continued to race for Cooper. By the 1961 Formula One season, the Lotus and Ferrari teams had developed the mid-engined approach further than Cooper, where Brabham had a poor season, scoring only four points. Having run his own private Coopers in non-championship events during 1961, Brabham left the company in 1962 to drive for his own team: the Brabham Racing Organisation, using cars built by Motor Racing Developments.[15][16]A newly introduced engine limit in Formula One of 1500 cc did not suit Brabham and he did not win a single race with a 1500 cc car.[17] His team suffered poor reliability during this period, attributed by some commentators to Brabham's notorious thrift. Referring to Brabham's unwillingness to spend money, his team mate Gurney said that "Jack was tighter than a bull's ass in fly season".[18] During this period, Brabham appeared to be winding down his involvement in driving, with Gurney taking the lead driver role. Brabham stood down for other drivers several times.

In 1966, a new 3-litre formula was created for Formula One. The new engines under development by other suppliers all had at least 12 cylinders and proved difficult to develop, being heavy and initially unreliable. Brabham took a different approach to the problem of obtaining a suitable engine: he persuaded Australian engineering company Repco to develop a new 3-litre eight cylinder engine for him.[19] Repco had no experience in designing complete engines. Brabham had identified a supply of suitable engine blocks obtained from Oldsmobile's aluminium alloy 215 engine and persuaded the company that an engine could be designed around the block, largely using existing components. Brabham and Repco were aware that the engine would not compete in terms of outright power, but felt that a lightweight, reliable engine could achieve good championship results while other teams were still making their new designs reliable.

The combination of the Repco engine and the Brabham BT19 chassis designed by Tauranac worked. At the French Grand Prix at Reims-Gueux, Jack Brabham became the first man to win a Formula One world championship race in a car of his own construction. Only his two former team mates, Bruce McLaren and Dan Gurney, have since matched this achievement. It was the first in a run of four straight wins for the Australian veteran. Brabham in a Brabham-Repco won the championship again and became the only driver to win the Formula One World Championship in a car that carried his own name.

Brabham BT18-Honda of the type with which Jack Brabham dominated Formula Two in 1966

The season also saw the fruition of Brabham's relationship with Japanese engine manufacturer Honda in Formula Two. After a generally unsuccessful season in 1965, Honda revised their 1-litre engine completely. Brabham won ten of the year's 16 European Formula Two races in his Brabham-Honda. There was no European Formula Two championship that year, but Brabham won the Trophées de France, a championship consisting of six of the French Formula Two races.[20]

In 1967, the Formula One title went to Brabham's teammate Denny Hulme. Hulme had better reliability through the year, possibly due to Jack Brabham's desire to try new parts first.[21]

Brabham raced alongside his team mate Jochen Rindt during the 1968 season. Partway through the 1969 season, Brabham suffered serious injuries to his foot in a testing accident. He returned to racing before the end of the year, but promised his wife that he would retire after the season finished and sold his share of the team to Tauranac.

Finding no top drivers available despite coming close to bringing Jochen Rindt back to the team, Brabham decided to race for one more year. He began auspiciously, winning the first race of season, the South African Grand Prix, and then led the third race, the Monaco Grand Prix until the very last turn of the last lap. Brabham was about to hold off the onrushing Jochen Rindt (the eventual 1970 F1 champion) when his front wheels locked in a skid on the sharp right turn only yards from the finish and he ended up second. While leading at the British Grand Prix at Brands Hatch, he ran out of fuel at Clearways and Rindt passed him to take the win while Brabham coasted to the finish in second place. After the 13th and final race of the season, the Mexican Grand Prix, Brabham did retire. He had tied Jackie Stewart for fifth in the points standings in the season he drove at the age of 44. Brabham then made a complete break from racing and returned to Australia.

Retirement

Brabham continued his involvement in motorsport after his retirement. Here, former rivals Brabham and Stirling Moss shake hands at the 2004 Goodwood Revival meeting.

In 1976 Brabham competed at Bathurst in a Holden Torana with Stirling Moss. Although the car was crash-damaged on the starting grid, it was repaired, and survives still as a museum piece to this day.

In 1995 Sir Jack competed again in the James Hardie Sydney 12 hrs endurance race with Ross Palmer & G.Crick co-driving the No.15 Honda NSX car and recorded a highly respectable 5th place position which he recorded in pictures on his official website.

In 1998, Sir Jack Brabham returned to Europe and the old Nürburgring to race a VW New Beetle 1.8T in the 6 Hours VLN with Ross Palmer and Melinda Price, scoring the fastest lap among the three drivers with over 134 km/h in average. Brabham said he returned to the "Ring" for the first time since 1970, and was surprised about the changes in safety - and the sunshine.

Awards and honours

In 1966, Brabham was named Australian of the Year and the Queen appointed him an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE).[22] He was appointed a Knight Bachelor in 1978.[23]

He was inducted into the International Motorsports Hall of Fame in 1990.

Brabham was honoured, along with featured marque Cooper, at the 2006 Monterey Historic Automobile Races.[24]

In January 2008, Brabham was named an Officer of the Order of Australia (AO) on Australia Day for services to motor sport.[25] In June 2008, the Brisbane-based racing yacht 'Black Jack' was named in honour of Brabham, who attended the launch.[26]

Family

Brabham married Betty in 1951. They had three children together: Geoff, Gary and David (current ALMS driver). Despite what Brabham reports as Betty's reluctance for them to be involved in motorsport, all three had careers in the sport. In 1990, David drove for the Brabham team founded by his father. Brabham's grandson, Matthew (son of Geoff), has also embarked on a career in motorsport.[27]

The couple divorced in 1994. Brabham married his second wife, Margaret in 1995.[27]

Business

Before setting up his own race team, Brabham had already established his own car dealership, Jack Brabham Motors, in London. In the early 1960s it also offered engine conversions for Triumph Heralds and BMC MG Midget / Austin-Healey Sprite by transplanting Coventry Climax FWE engines.

Brabham and Ron Tauranac founded Motor Racing Developments in 1960. The company built the cars the Brabham Racing Organisation used in the Formula One world championship, and was also the biggest manufacturer of customer racing cars in the world for a period in the late 1960s. Although references to Brabham "building his own cars" are exaggerated (the cars were designed by Tauranac and built by a small team of people), Brabham did machine components and build up chassis. He also contributed ideas to the design process and acted as a very highly rated test driver. Brabham himself was often on hand to help customers with the set up of their cars. The company pulled out of the customer car business soon after Tauranac left in 1972. The Brabham Formula One team won further world championships in 1981 and 1983 under the ownership of Bernie Ecclestone before going bankrupt in 1992 while owned by the Japanese Middlebridge group.

In 1970, Brabham set up Engine Developments Ltd. with John Judd; Brabham had employed Judd in 1966 to work at Repco on the V8 engine project. Engine Developments became a respected engine design company. A range of Judd racing engines are used in sportscars today, and Judd engines were used in Formula One and Indycar (branded as 'Brabham-Honda') in the late 1980s and early 1990s.

Brabham played a small role as a consultant to the Simtek Formula One team for which his son David drove in 1994.

Complete F1 World Championship Results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 WDC Points[1]
1955 Cooper Car Company Cooper T40 Bristol Straight-6 ARG
MON
500
BEL
NED
GBR
Ret
ITA
NC 0
1956 Jack Brabham Maserati 250F Maserati Straight-6 ARG
MON
500
BEL
FRA
GBR
Ret
GER
ITA
NC 0
1957 Cooper Car Company Cooper T43 Climax Straight-4 ARG
MON
6
500
FRA
7 *
GER
Ret †
PES
7
ITA
NC 0
Rob Walker Racing Team GBR
Ret
1958 Cooper Car Company Cooper T45 Climax Straight-4 ARG
MON
4
NED
8
500
BEL
Ret
FRA
6
GBR
6
GER
Ret †
POR
7
ITA
Ret
MOR
11 †
18th 3
1959 Cooper Car Company Cooper T51 Climax Straight-4 MON
1
500
NED
2
FRA
3
GBR
1
GER
Ret
POR
Ret
ITA
3
USA
4
1st 31 (34)
1960 Cooper Car Company Cooper T51 Climax Straight-4 ARG
Ret
1st 43
Cooper T53 MON
DSQ
500
NED
1
BEL
1
FRA
1
GBR
1
POR
1
ITA
USA
4
1961 Cooper Car Company Cooper T55 Climax Straight-4 MON
Ret
NED
6
BEL
Ret
FRA
Ret
GBR
4
11th 4
Cooper T58 Climax V8 GER
Ret
ITA
Ret
USA
Ret
1962 Brabham Racing Organisation Lotus 24 Climax V8 NED
Ret
MON
8
BEL
6
FRA
Ret
GBR
5
9th 9
Brabham BT3 GER
Ret
ITA
USA
4
RSA
4
1963 Brabham Racing Organisation Lotus 25 Climax V8 MON
9
7th 14
Brabham BT3 BEL
Ret
ITA
5
Brabham BT7 NED
Ret
FRA
4
GBR
Ret
GER
7
USA
4
MEX
2
RSA
13
1964 Brabham Racing Organisation Brabham BT7 Climax V8 MON
Ret
NED
Ret
BEL
3
FRA
3
GBR
4
GER
12
8th 11
Brabham BT11 AUT
9
ITA
14
USA
Ret
MEX
15
1965 Brabham Racing Organisation Brabham BT11 Climax V8 RSA
8
MON
Ret
BEL
4
FRA
GBR
DNS
NED
GER
5
ITA
USA
3
MEX
Ret
10th 9
1966 Brabham Racing Organisation Brabham BT19 Repco V8 MON
Ret
BEL
4
FRA
1
GBR
1
NED
1
GER
1
ITA
Ret
1st 42 (45)
Brabham BT20 USA
Ret
MEX
2
1967 Brabham Racing Organisation Brabham BT20 Repco V8 RSA
6
2nd 46 (48)
Brabham BT19 MON
Ret
NED
2
Brabham BT24 BEL
Ret
FRA
1
GBR
4
GER
2
CAN
1
ITA
2
USA
5
MEX
2
1968 Brabham Racing Organisation Brabham BT24 Repco V8 RSA
Ret
23rd 2
Brabham BT26 ESP
DNS
MON
Ret
BEL
Ret
NED
Ret
FRA
Ret
GBR
Ret
GER
5
ITA
Ret
CAN
Ret
USA
Ret
MEX
10
1969 Brabham Racing Organisation Brabham BT26A Cosworth V8 RSA
Ret
ESP
Ret
MON
Ret
NED
6
FRA
GBR
GER
ITA
Ret
CAN
2
USA
4
MEX
3
10th 14
1970 Brabham Racing Organisation Brabham BT33 Cosworth V8 RSA
1
ESP
Ret
MON
2
BEL
Ret
NED
11
FRA
3
GBR
2
GER
Ret
AUT
13
ITA
Ret
CAN
Ret
USA
10
MEX
Ret
5th 25
* Indicates shared drive with Mike MacDowel
† Indicates Formula 2 car

Non-Championship results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
1961 Cooper Car Company Cooper T55 Climax Straight-4 LOM
1
GLV PAU
Ret
BRX
1
VIE AIN
1
SYR
4
NAP LON SIL
Ret
SOL
5
KAN
Ret
DAN
Ret
MOD
5
FLG
2
OUL
2
LEW VAL RAN NAT RSA
1962 Brabham Racing Organisation Lotus 24 Climax V8 CAP BRX LOM
WD
LAV GLV
PAU
Ret
AIN
Ret
INT
6
NAP MAL
2
CLP RMS
4
SOL
KAN MED DAN
1
OUL
3
MEX
2
RAN
NAT
1963 Brabham Racing Organisation Lotus 25 Climax V8 LOM
GLV
6
PAU IMO SYR AIN
DNS
INT
7
ROM SOL
1
KAN
3
MED
12
AUT
1
OUL
4
RAN
1964 Brabham Racing Organisation Brabham BT7 Climax V8 DMT
Ret
NWT
Ret
SYR AIN
1
INT
1
SOL
Ret
MED
RAN
1965 Brabham Racing Organisation Brabham BT11 Climax V8 ROC
Ret
SYR
SMT
3
INT
Ret
MED
6
RAN
1
1966 Brabham Racing Organisation Brabham BT19 Repco V8 RSA
Ret
SYR
Ret
INT
1
OUL
1
1967 Brabham Racing Organisation Brabham BT20 Repco V8 ROC
7
SPC
1
INT
2
SYR
OUL
1
ESP
3
1968 Brabham Racing Organisation Brabham BT24 Repco V8 ROC
INT
OUL
Ret
1969 Brabham Racing Organisation Brabham BT26A Cosworth V8 ROC
INT
1
MAD
OUL
1970 Brabham Racing Organisation Brabham BT33 Cosworth V8 ROC
4
INT
Ret
OUL

Indy 500 results

Year Car Start Qual Rank Finish Laps Led Retired
1961 17 13 145.144 17 9 200 0 Running
1964 52 25 152.504 15 20 77 0 Fuel Tank
1969 95 29 163.875 29 24 58 0 Ignition
1970 32 26 166.397 22 13 175 1 Piston
Totals 510 1
Starts 4
Poles 0
Front Row 0
Wins 0
Top 5 0
Top 10 1
Retired 3

Notes

  1. ^ a b Up until 1990, not all points scored by a driver contributed to their final World Championship tally (see list of pointscoring systems for more information). Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.
  2. ^ Brabham, Nye (2004) pp.20-21
  3. ^ Brabham, Nye (2004) pp.21-22
  4. ^ a b Brabham, Nye (2004) p.26
  5. ^ Brabham, Nye (2004) p.33
  6. ^ Unique (p.30) Article reproduced from a 1958 edition of Australian Motor Sport.
  7. ^ Lawrence (1989) p.80
  8. ^ Formula One rules did not at that time prevent the use of cars with enclosed wheels.
  9. ^ Brabham, Nye (2004) p.57
  10. ^ In 1957 points were awarded for first to fifth place, with an extra point awarded for fastest lap. See List of Formula One World Championship pointscoring systems.
  11. ^ Straw, Edd (7 May 2009 ) "Jack of All Trades" Autosport
  12. ^ Lawrence (1999) pp. 18, 22 Brabham had consulted Tauranac by letter on technical matters since arriving in the UK. He used a gear cluster designed by Tauranac for several years and Tauranac also advised on the suspension geometry of the Cooper T53 'lowline' car.
  13. ^ Straw, Edd (7 May 2009 ) "Jack of All Trades" Autosport
  14. ^ Lawrence (1999) p. 22-4 Jack had already tried to buy Cooper in association with fellow-driver Roy Salvadori
  15. ^ Lawrence (1999) p. 31
  16. ^ Brabham, Nye (2004) pp. 14, 145-9 Brabham's and Tauranac's (Lawrence 1999 p. 32) accounts differ on whether the BRO was formed for the purpose of F1, or was already in existence.
  17. ^ Cooper, Adam (May 1999) "The world according to Jack" Motorsport p. 36 The article quotes Jack as saying "There's no way you could call those 1500-cc machines Formula One."
  18. ^ Henry (1985) p.51 The quote also appears in Lawrence (1999) p.58
  19. ^ Henry (1985) p. 53
  20. ^ Lawrence (1999) p.221
  21. ^ Lawrence (1999) p.92 Hulme, Tauranac and Frank Hallam, Repco-Brabham's chief engineer, all shared this view.
  22. ^ It's an Honour: OBE
  23. ^ It's an Honour: Knight Bachelor
  24. ^ Sir Jack Brabham, O.B.E. - Press Detail
  25. ^ It's an Honour: AO
  26. ^ Suellen Hurling (2008). "Black Jack Launched" (in English) (PDF). Yachting Queensland (578 Royal Esplanade Manly QLD 4179: Yachting Queensland) (Spring 2008): 7. http://www.qld.yachting.org.au/site/yachting/qld/downloads/YQ%20Journals/yachting%20Spring%202008%20.pdf. Retrieved 27 August 2009. 
  27. ^ a b Brabham, Nye (2004) pp.251,253

References

  • Brabham, Jack; Nye, Doug (2004). The Jack Brabham Story. Motorbooks International. ISBN 0-7603-1590-6. 
  • Henry, Alan (1985). Brabham, the Grand Prix Cars. Osprey. ISBN 0-905138-36-8. 
  • Lawrence, Mike (1998). Grand Prix Cars 1945 - 1965. Motor Racing Publications. ISBN 1-899870-39-3. 
  • Lawrence, Mike (1999). Brabham+Ralt+Honda: The Ron Tauranac story. Motor Racing Publications. ISBN 1-899870-35-0. 
  • Unique, (Various). Brabham - the man and the machines. Unique Motor Books. ISBN 1-84155-619-X. 

External links

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Peter Collins
BRDC International Trophy winner
1959
Succeeded by
Innes Ireland
Preceded by
Mike Hawthorn
Formula One World Champion
1959-1960
Succeeded by
Phil Hill
Preceded by
Jim Clark
BRDC International Trophy winner
1964
Succeeded by
Jackie Stewart
Preceded by
Jackie Stewart
BRDC International Trophy winner
1966
Succeeded by
Mike Parkes
Preceded by
Jim Clark
Formula One World Champion
1966
Succeeded by
Denny Hulme
Preceded by
Denny Hulme
BRDC International Trophy winner
1969
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Chris Amon
Records
Preceded by
Maurice Trintignant
84 entries, 82 starts
(1950 - 1964)
Most Grand Prix entries
129 entries, 126 starts
(1955 - 1970),
85th at the 1966 Monaco GP
Succeeded by
Graham Hill
178 entries
(176 starts),
129th at the 1971 Dutch GP
Awards
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Inaugural award
Hawthorn Memorial Trophy
1959-1960
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Stirling Moss
Preceded by
Jim Clark
Hawthorn Memorial Trophy
1966
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Denny Hulme
Preceded by
Sir Robert Helpmann
Australian of the Year Award
1966
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The Seekers

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Sir John Arthur "Jack" Brabham, AO, OBE (born 2 April 1926) is an Australian former racing driver who was Formula One champion in 1959, 1960 and 1966. He won the Australian Grand Prix in 1955, 1963 and 1964. He was a founder of the Brabham racing team and race car builder that carried his name.

In 2000 the Australian Government gave him the Australian Sports Medal,[1] and in 2001 he was given the Australian Centenary Medal for services to motor sport.[2]

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