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Jack Lemmon

Lemmon at the 40th Emmy Awards, August 1988
Born John Uhler Lemmon III
February 8, 1925(1925-02-08)
Newton, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died June 27, 2001 (aged 76)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Occupation Actor, Comedian, Director
Years active 1949 – 2000
Spouse(s) Cynthia Stone (1950–1956) (divorced) 1 child
Felicia Farr (1962–2001) (his death) 1 child

John Uhler "Jack" Lemmon III (February 8, 1925 – June 27, 2001) was an American actor. He starred in more than 60 films including Some Like It Hot, The Apartment, Mister Roberts, Days of Wine and Roses, The Great Race, Irma la Douce, The Odd Couple, Save the Tiger, The Out-of-Towners, The China Syndrome, Missing, Glengarry Glen Ross, Grumpy Old Men and Grumpier Old Men.

Contents

Early life

Lemmon was born in an elevator at Newton-Wellesley Hospital in Newton, Massachusetts, a suburb of Boston. He was the son of Mildred Burgess LaRue (née Noel) and John Uhler Lemmon, Jr., who was the president of a doughnut company.[1][2] Lemmon attended John Ward Elementary School in Newton and The Rivers School in Weston, Massachusetts. He later revealed that he knew he wanted to be an actor from the age of eight. Lemmon attended Phillips Academy (Class of 1943) and Harvard University (Class of 1947) where he lived in Adams House and was an active member of several Drama Clubs - becoming president of the Hasty Pudding Club - as well as a member of the Delphic Club for Gentleman, a final club at Harvard. After Harvard, Lemmon joined the Navy, receiving V-12 training and serving as an ensign. On being discharged, he took up acting professionally, working on radio, television and Broadway. He studied acting under Uta Hagen. He also became enthused with the piano and learned to play it on his own. He could also play the harmonica and the bass fiddle.

Career

Lemmon's film debut was a bit part as a plasterer/painter in the 1949 film The Lady Takes a Sailor but he was not noticed until his official debut opposite Judy Holliday in the 1954 comedy It Should Happen to You. Lemmon worked with many legendary leading ladies, among them Marilyn Monroe, Natalie Wood, Betty Grable, Janet Leigh, Shirley MacLaine, Romy Schneider, Doris Day, Kim Novak, Judy Holliday, Rita Hayworth, June Allyson, Virna Lisi, Ann Margret, Sophia Loren and many, many more. He was also close friends with Tony Curtis, Ernie Kovacs, Walter Matthau and Kevin Spacey. He made two films with Curtis and eleven with Matthau.[citation needed]

He became a favorite actor of director Billy Wilder, starring in his films Some Like It Hot, The Apartment, Irma la Douce, The Fortune Cookie, Avanti!, The Front Page and Buddy Buddy. Wilder felt Lemmon had a natural tendency toward overacting that had to be tempered; the Wilder biography Nobody's Perfect quotes the director as saying, "Lemmon, I would describe him as a ham, a fine ham, and with ham you have to trim a little fat". The biography also quotes Jack Lemmon as saying, "I am particularly susceptible to the parts I play... If my character was having a nervous breakdown, I started to have one".

He also had a longtime working relationship with director Blake Edwards, starring in Days of Wine and Roses (1962), The Great Race (1965) and That's Life! (1986).

Lemmon recorded an album in 1958 while filming Some Like It Hot with Marilyn Monroe. Twelve jazz tracks were created for Lemmon and another twelve were added. Lemmon played the piano and recorded his own versions of Monroe's trademark songs, I Wanna Be Loved By You and I'm Through With Love, for the album which was released in 1959 as A Twist of Lemmon/Some Like It Hot.

Lemmon was awarded the Best Supporting Actor Oscar in 1956 for Mister Roberts (1955) and the Best Actor Oscar for Save the Tiger (1973), becoming the first actor to achieve this double. He was also nominated for a Best Actor Oscar for his role in the controversial film Missing in 1982 and for his role in Some Like it Hot. In 1988, the American Film Institute gave him its Lifetime Achievement Award.

Days of Wine and Roses (1962) was one of his favorite roles. He portrayed Joe Clay, a young, fun-loving alcoholic businessman. In that film, Lemmon delivered the line, "My name is Joe Clay ... I'm an alcoholic." Three and a half decades later, he admitted on the television program, Inside the Actors Studio, that he was not acting when he delivered that line, that he really was a recovering alcoholic at the end of his life.

Lemmon's production company JML produced Cool Hand Luke in 1967. Paul Newman was grateful to Lemmon for his support and offered him the role later made famous by Robert Redford in Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid but Lemmon turned it down. He did not like riding horses and he also felt he'd already played too many aspects of the Sundance Kid's character before.[3]

Lemmon often appeared in films partnered with Walter Matthau. Among their pairings was 1968's The Odd Couple, as Felix Unger (Lemmon) and Oscar Madison (Matthau). They also starred together in The Fortune Cookie (for which Matthau won an Oscar for Best Supporting Actor), The Front Page and Buddy Buddy. In 1971, Lemmon directed Matthau in the comedy Kotch. It was the only movie that Lemmon ever directed and Matthau was nominated for the Best Actor Oscar for his performance.

Additionally, Lemmon and Matthau had small parts in Oliver Stone's 1991 film, JFK (the only film in which both appeared without sharing screen time). In 1993, the duo teamed up again to star in Grumpy Old Men. The film was a surprise hit, earning the two actors a new generation of young fans. During the rest of the decade, they would go on to star together in Out to Sea, Grumpier Old Men and the widely panned The Odd Couple II.

A rare death scene for Lemmon came in The China Syndrome, for which he was awarded Best Actor at the Cannes Film Festival. In 1982, he won another Cannes award for his performance in Missing (which received the Palme d'Or). His characters died in very few films other than that one, 1989's Dad and 1999's Tuesdays With Morrie.

At the 1998 Golden Globe Awards, he was nominated for "Best Actor in a Made for TV Movie" for his role in Twelve Angry Men losing to Ving Rhames. After accepting the award, Rhames asked Lemmon to come on stage and, in a move that stunned the audience, gave his award to him. (The Hollywood Foreign Press Association, which presents the Golden Globes, decided to have a second award made and sent to Rhames.).[citation needed]

He received the AFI Life Achievement Award in 1988.

Personal life

Kevin Spacey recalled that Lemmon is remembered as always making time for other people. When already regarded as a legend, he met the teenage Spacey backstage after a theater performance and spoke to him about pursuing an acting career.[4] Spacey would later work with Lemmon in Dad (1989), the critically acclaimed film Glengarry Glen Ross (1992) and on stage in a revival of Long Day's Journey Into Night. Lemmon's performance also inspired Gil Gunderson, a character on The Simpsons that is modeled on Lemmon's.

Lemmon was married twice. His son Chris Lemmon (b. 1954), was his first child by his first wife, actress Cynthia Stone (b. February 26, 1926, Peoria, Illinois). His second wife was the actress Felicia Farr, with whom he had a daughter, Courtney, born in 1966.

Jack Lemmon died of colon cancer and metastatic cancer of the bladder[5] on June 27, 2001. He had been fighting the disease, very privately, for two years before his death.

Chris Lemmon made several TV shows and movies, including scenes together with his father in That's Life! and portraying him at a younger age in Dad. Chris wrote a book named A Twist of Lemmon: A Tribute to My Father.

He is interred at Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Westwood, California where he is buried next to his friend and co-star, Walter Matthau. In typical Jack Lemmon wit, his gravestone simply reads 'Jack Lemmon — in'. After Matthau's death in 2000, Lemmon appeared with friends and relatives of the actor on a Larry King Live show in tribute. A year later, many of the same people appeared on the show again to pay tribute to Lemmon.

Filmography

Film

Year Film Role Notes
1949 The Lady Takes a Sailor Plasterer Uncredited
1954 It Should Happen to You Pete Sheppard
Phffft! Robert Tracey
1955 Three for the Show Martin 'Marty' Stewart
Mister Roberts Ens. Frank Thurlowe Pulver Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actor
My Sister Eileen Robert 'Bob' Baker
Hollywood Bronc Busters Himself
1956 You Can't Run Away from It Peter Warne
1957 Fire Down Below Tony
Operation Mad Ball (1957) Pvt. Hogan
1958 Cowboy Frank Harris
Bell, Book and Candle Nicky Holroyd
1959 Some Like It Hot Jerry - 'Daphne' BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
It Happened to Jane George Denham
1960 The Apartment C.C. Baxter BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Stowaway in the Sky Narrator voice
Pepe Himself Cameo appearance as Daphne
The Wackiest Ship In the Army Lt. Rip Crandall
1962 The Notorious Landlady William 'Bill' Gridley
Days of Wine and Roses Joe Clay San Sebastián International Film Festival Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1963 Irma la Douce Nestor Patou / Lord X Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Under the Yum Yum Tree Hogan Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1964 Good Neighbor Sam Sam Bissel Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actor
1965 How to Murder Your Wife Stanley Ford Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actor
The Great Race Professor Fate / Prince Hapnick Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1966 The Fortune Cookie Harry Hinkle
1967 Luv Harry Berlin
1968 There Comes a Day
The Odd Couple Felix Ungar Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1969 The April Fools Howard Brubaker
1970 The Out-of-Towners George Kellerman Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1971 Kotch Sleeping bus passenger uncredited
1972 The War Between Men and Women Peter Edward Wilson
Avanti! Wendell Armbruster, Jr. Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1973 Save the Tiger Harry Stoner Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1974 The Police Can't Move Narrator voice
The Front Page Hildy Johnson David di Donatello for Best Foreign Actor shared with Walter Matthau
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1975 Wednesday Jerry Murphy
The Gentleman Tramp Narrator
The Prisoner of Second Avenue Mel Edison
1976 Alex & the Gypsy Alexander Main
1977 Airport '77 Capt. Don Gallagher
1979 The China Syndrome Jack Godell Best Actor Award (Cannes Film Festival)
David di Donatello for Best Foreign Actor tied with Dustin Hoffman for Kramer vs. Kramer
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1980 Tribute Scottie Templeton Silver Bear for Best Actor
Genie Award for Best Performance by a Foreign Actor
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated — American Movie Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1981 Buddy Buddy Victor Clooney
1982 Missing Ed Horman Best Actor Award (Cannes Film Festival)
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1984 Mass Appeal Father Tim Farley
1985 Macaroni Robert Traven
1986 That's Life! Harvey Fairchild Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1989 Dad Jake Tremont Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1991 JFK Jack Martin
1992 Beyond 'JFK': The Question of Conspiracy Himself also archive footage
The Player Himself
Glengarry Glen Ross Shelley Levene National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
Valladolid International Film Festival Award for Best Actor
Volpi Cup
1993 Luck, Trust & Ketchup: Robert Altman In Carver County Himself
Short Cuts Paul Finnigan Golden Globe Special Award for Best Ensemble Cast
Volpi Cup
Grumpy Old Men John Gustafson Nominated — American Comedy Award for Funniest Actor in a Motion Picture
1995 The Grass Harp Dr. Morris Ritz
Grumpier Old Men John Gustafson
1996 Getting Away with Murder Max Mueller / Karl Luger
My Fellow Americans President Russell P. Kramer
Hamlet Marcellus
1997 Out to Sea Herb Sullivan
Off the Menu: The Last Days of Chasen's Himself
1998 Puppies for Sale Pet Shop Owner
The Odd Couple II Felix Ungar
2000 The Legend of Bagger Vance Narrator / Old Hardy Greaves uncredited

Television

Year Film Role Notes
1949-1950 That Wonderful Guy Harold
1950 Toni Twin Time Host Episode dated May 31, 1950
1951 The Ad-Libbers Celebrity Panelist cancelled after 5 episodes
1951-1952 The Frances Langford-Don Ameche Show Newlywed in 'The Couple Next Door' sketches
1952 Heaven for Betsy Pete Bell cancelled after a few weeks
1954 The Road of Life Surgeon cancelled after a few weeks
1957 What's My Line? Mystery Guest November 3, 1957 Episode # 388, Season 9, Ep 10
1957-1958 Alcoa Theatre Henry Coyle
Steve Tyler
Wally Mall
Lieutenant Tony Crawford
Edward King
Episode "Disappearance"
Episode "Most Likely to Succeed"
Episode "Loudmouth"
Episode "The Days of November"
Episode "Souvenir"
1976 The Entertainer Archie Rice
1987 Long Day's Journey Into Night James Tyrone Sr. Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film
1988 The Murder of Mary Phagan Gov. John Slaton Nominated — Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor – Miniseries or a Movie
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film
1992 For Richer, for Poorer Aram Katourian
1993 A Life in the Theater Robert Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film
1996 A Weekend in the Country Bud Bailey
1997 The Simpsons Frank Ormand (voice) Episode "The Twisted World of Marge Simpson"
12 Angry Men Juror #8 Nominated — Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor – Miniseries or a Movie
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film
Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie
1998 The Long Way Home Thomas Gerrin
1999 Inherit the Wind Henry Drummond Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film
Nominated — Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor – Miniseries or a Movie
Tuesdays with Morrie Morrie Schwartz Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor – Miniseries or a Movie
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film

Discography

  • A Twist of Lemmon/Some Like It Hot (1959)
  • Piano Selections from Irma La Douce (1963)
  • Piano and Vocals (1990)
  • Peter and the Wolf (1991)
  • Songs and music from Some Like It Hot (2001)

Personal quotes

  • Death ends a life, not a relationship. (Tuesdays with Morrie)
  • I won't quit until I get run over by a truck, a producer or a critic.
  • Failure seldom stops you. What stops you is the fear of failure.
  • If you think it's hard to meet new people, try picking up the wrong golf ball.
  • It's hard enough to write a good drama, it's much harder to write a good comedy, and it's hardest of all to write a drama with comedy. Which is what life is.
  • Nobody deserves this much money - certainly not an actor.
  • Stay humble. Always answer your phone - no matter who else is in the car.
  • [on Marilyn Monroe] Difficult? Yes. But she was a wonderful comedienne and she had a charisma like no one before or since.
  • [on Judy Holliday] She was intelligent and not at all like the dumb blonds she so often depicted. She didn't give a damn where the camera was placed, how she was made to look, or about being a star. She just played the scene—acted with, not at. She was also one of the nicest people I ever met.
  • [on Billy Wilder] I've had directors who were marvelous at breaking scenes down and handling people. But when you would string all the pearls together, they wouldn't make a beautiful necklace. But Billy is the kind of picture-maker who can make a beautiful string of pearls. He makes the kind of movies that are classics and last forever.
  • [on Walter Matthau] Walter is a helluva actor. The best I've ever worked with.

Bibliography

  • Lemmon, Chris (2006). A Twist of Lemmon: A Tribute to My Father. Chapel Hill, N.C.: Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill. ISBN 9781565124806. 

References

  1. ^ Lemmon stated (on Inside the Actors Studio) that he had an Ulster-Scots heritage.1
  2. ^ Jack Lemmon Biography (1925-2001)
  3. ^ A slice of Lemmon for extra character, Bob Flynn, Panorama, p. 7, Canberra Times, August 15, 1998
  4. ^ YouTube - Charlie Rose - Kevin Spacey / Jamaica Kincaid
  5. ^ Find A Grave - Millions of Cemetery Records

External links


Simple English

Jack Lemmon
File:Jack Lemmon at the 1988 Emmy Awards
Jack Lemmon at the 1988 Emmy Awards
Born John Uhler Lemmon III
February 8, 1925
Newton, Massachusetts, United States
Died June 27, 2001 (aged 76)
Los Angeles, California, United States
Spouse Cynthia Stone (1950-1956)
Felicia Farr (1962-2001)

John Uhler "Jack" Lemmon III (February 8, 1925June 27, 2001), was a famous American actor and director who received many awards in his long career. He got two Academy and five Golden Globe awards. Lemmon acted in many movies, and was famous for being very good at comedy and drama. He made a famous comedic couple at many movies with actor Walter Matthau.

Films

  • The Lady Takes a Sailor (1949)
  • It Should Happen to You (1954)
  • Phffft! (1954)
  • Three for the Show (1955)
  • Mister Roberts (1955)
  • My Sister Eileen (1955)
  • Hollywood Bronc Busters (1955)
  • You Can't Run Away from It (1956)
  • Fire Down Below (1957)
  • Operation Mad Ball (1957)
  • Cowboy (1958)
  • Bell, Book and Candle (1958)
  • Some Like It Hot (1959)
  • It Happened to Jane (1959)
  • The Apartment (1960)
  • Stowaway in the Sky (1960)
  • Pepe (1960)
  • The Wackiest Ship In the Army (1960)
  • The Notorious Landlady (1962)
  • Days of Wine and Roses (1962)
  • Irma la Douce (1963)
  • Under the Yum Yum Tree (1963)
  • Good Neighbor Sam (1964)
  • How to Murder Your Wife (1965)
  • The Great Race (1965)
  • The Fortune Cookie (1966)
  • Luv (1967)
  • There Comes a Day (1968)
  • The Odd Couple (1968)
  • The April Fools (1969)
  • The Out-of-Towners (1970)
  • Kotch (1971)
  • The War Between Men and Women (1972)
  • Avanti! (1972)
  • Save the Tiger (1973)
  • The Police Can't Move (1974) (narrator)
  • The Front Page (1974)
  • Wednesday (1975)
  • The Gentleman Tramp (1975) (narrator)
  • The Prisoner of Second Avenue (1975)
  • Alex & the Gypsy (1976)
  • Airport '77 (1977)
  • The China Syndrome (1979)
  • Portrait of a 60% Perfect Man (1980)
  • Tribute (1980)
  • Buddy Buddy (1981)
  • Missing (1982)
  • Mass Appeal (1984)
  • Macaroni (1985)
  • That's Life! (1986)
  • Dad (1989)
  • JFK (1991)
  • Beyond 'JFK': The Question of Conspiracy (1992)
  • The Player (1992)
  • Glengarry Glen Ross (1992)
  • Luck, Trust & Ketchup: Robert Altman In Carver County (1993)
  • Short Cuts (1993)
  • Grumpy Old Men (1993)
  • The Grass Harp (1995)
  • Grumpier Old Men (1995)
  • Getting Away with Murder (1996)
  • My Fellow Americans (1996)
  • Hamlet (1996)
  • Out to Sea (1997)
  • Off the Menu: The Last Days of Chasen's (1997)
  • Puppies for Sale (1998)
  • The Odd Couple II (1998)
  • Tuesdays with Morrie (1999)
  • The Legend of Bagger Vance (2000)

Other websites








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