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Jack Nicholson

Nicholson in 2008
Born John Joseph Nicholson
April 22, 1937 (1937-04-22) (age 72)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Occupation Actor, director, producer
Years active 1958–present
Spouse(s) Sandra Knight (1962–1968); 1 child

John Joseph "Jack" Nicholson (born April 22, 1937) is an American actor, film director and producer. He is renowned for his often dark-themed portrayals of neurotic characters.

Nicholson has been nominated for Academy Awards twelve times. He won the Academy Award for Best Actor twice, for One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and for As Good as It Gets. He won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for the 1983 film Terms of Endearment. He is tied with Walter Brennan for most acting wins by a male actor (three), and second to Katharine Hepburn for most acting wins overall (four). He is also one of only two actors nominated for an Academy Award for acting (either lead or supporting) in every decade since the 1960s (the other one being Michael Caine). He has won seven Golden Globe Awards, and received a Kennedy Center Honor in 2001. In 1994, he became one of the youngest actors to be awarded the American Film Institute's Life Achievement Award.

Notable films in which he has starred include, in chronological order, Easy Rider, Five Easy Pieces, Chinatown, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, The Shining, Reds, Terms of Endearment, Batman, A Few Good Men, As Good as It Gets, About Schmidt, Something's Gotta Give, and The Departed.

Contents

Early life

Nicholson was born in St. Vincent's Hospital in New York City, the son of a showgirl, June Frances Nicholson (stage name June Nilson).[1][2] June had married Italian American showman Donald Furcillo (stage name Donald Rose) six months earlier in Elkton, Maryland, on October 16, 1936.[3] Elkton was a town known for its "quickie" marriages. Furcillo, however, was already married, and, although he offered to take care of the child, June's mother Ethel insisted that she bring up the baby, partly so that June could pursue her dancing career. Although Donald Furcillo claimed to be Nicholson's father and to have committed bigamy by marrying June, biographer Patrick McGilligan asserted in Jack's Life that Latvian-born Eddie King (originally Edgar A. Kirschfeld),[4] June's manager, may be the father and other[1] sources have suggested that June Nicholson was unsure of who the father was. Nicholson's mother was of Irish, English, and Dutch descent[5] though he and his family self-identified as Irish.[6][7]

Nicholson was brought up believing that his grandparents, John Joseph Nicholson (a department store window dresser in Manasquan, New Jersey) and Ethel May Rhoads (a hairdresser, beautician and amateur artist in Manasquan), were his parents. Nicholson only discovered that his "parents" were actually his grandparents and his sister was in fact his mother in 1974, after a journalist for Time magazine who was doing a feature on Nicholson informed him of the fact.[8] By this time, both his mother and grandmother had died (in 1963 and 1970, respectively). Nicholson has stated he does not know who his father is, saying "Only Ethel and June knew and they never told anybody",[8] and has chosen not to have a DNA test or to pursue the matter.

Nicholson grew up in Neptune City, New Jersey.[4] He was raised in his mother's Roman Catholic religion.[5] Nick, as he was known to his high school friends, attended nearby Manasquan High School, where he was voted "class clown" by the Class of 1954. A theatre and a drama award at the school are named in his honor.[9] In 2004, Nicholson attended his 50-year high school reunion accompanied by his aunt Lorraine.[4]

Early acting career

Nicholson as Wilbur Force in The Little Shop of Horrors (1960)

When Nicholson first came to Hollywood, he worked as a gofer for animation legends William Hanna and Joseph Barbera at the MGM cartoon studio. Seeing his talent as an artist, they offered Nicholson a starting level position as an animation artist. However, citing his desire to become an actor, he declined.[10]

He made his film debut in a low-budget teen drama The Cry Baby Killer, in 1958, playing the title role. For the following decade, Nicholson was a frequent collaborator with the film's producer, Roger Corman. Corman directed Nicholson on several occasions, most notably in The Little Shop of Horrors, as a sado-masochistic dental patient (Wilbur Force), and also in The Raven, The Terror and The St. Valentine's Day Massacre. He also worked frequently with director Monte Hellman, most notably on two low-budget westerns (Ride in the Whirlwind, The Shooting) which failed initially to find interest from any US film distributors, though they became a cult success on the art house circuit in France and were later sold to television.

Rise to fame

Jack Nicholson as lawyer George Hanson in Easy Rider with Peter Fonda

With his acting career heading nowhere, Nicholson seemed resigned to a career behind the camera as a writer/director. His first real taste of writing success was the LSD-fueled screenplay for 1967's The Trip (directed by Corman), which starred Peter Fonda and Dennis Hopper. Nicholson also co-wrote (with Bob Rafelson) the movie Head, which starred The Monkees. In addition, he also arranged the movie's soundtrack. However, after a spot opened up in Fonda and Hopper's Easy Rider, it led to his first big acting break. Nicholson played hard-drinking lawyer George Hanson, for which he received his first Oscar nomination. The part of Hanson was a lucky break for Nicholson—the role had in fact been written for actor Rip Torn, who was a close friend of screen writer Terry Southern, but Torn withdrew from the project after a bitter argument with the film's director Dennis Hopper, during which the two men almost came to blows.[11]

A Best Actor nomination came the following year for his persona-defining role in Five Easy Pieces (1970), which includes his famous "chicken salad" dialogue about getting what you want. Also that year, he appeared in the movie adaptation of On A Clear Day You Can See Forever, although most of his performance was left on the cutting room floor.

Other Nicholson roles included Hal Ashby's The Last Detail (1973), for which he was awarded Best Actor at the Cannes Film Festival, and the classic Roman Polanski noir thriller, Chinatown (1974). Nicholson was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for both films. Nicholson was friends with the director long before the death of Polanski's wife, Sharon Tate, at the hands of the Manson Family, and supported him in the days following the deaths.[12] [13] After Tate's death, Nicholson began sleeping with a hammer under his pillow,[13] and took breaks from work to attend the Manson trial.[14] It was at Nicholson's home where the statutory rape case for which Polanski was arrested occurred.[15]

He starred in The Who's Tommy (1975), directed by Ken Russell, and Michelangelo Antonioni's The Passenger (1975).

An American icon

Nicholson (right) and Dennis Hopper at the 62nd Academy Awards, March 26, 1990

Nicholson earned his first Best Actor Oscar for portraying Randle P. McMurphy in the movie adaptation of Ken Kesey's novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, directed by Miloš Forman in 1975. His Oscar was matched when Louise Fletcher received the Best Actress Award for her portrayal of Nurse Ratched.

After this, he began to take more unusual roles. He took a small role in The Last Tycoon, opposite Robert De Niro. He took a less sympathetic role in Arthur Penn's western The Missouri Breaks, specifically to work with Marlon Brando. He followed this by making his second directorial effort with the western comedy Goin' South. His first movie as a director was a 1971 quirky release called Drive, He Said.

Although he garnered no Academy Award for Stanley Kubrick's adaptation of Stephen King's The Shining (1980), it remains one of Nicholson's most significant roles. His next Oscar, the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, came for his role of retired astronaut Garrett Breedlove in Terms of Endearment (1983), directed by James L. Brooks. Nicholson continued to work prolifically in the 80s, starring in such films as The Postman Always Rings Twice (1981), Reds (1981), Prizzi's Honor (1985), The Witches of Eastwick (1987), Broadcast News (1987), and Ironweed (1987). Three Oscar nominations also followed (Reds, Prizzi's Honor, and Ironweed).

Nicholson turned down the role of John Book in Witness.[16] The 1989 Batman movie, wherein Nicholson played the psychotic murderer and villain, The Joker, was an international smash hit, and a lucrative percentage deal earned Nicholson about $60 million.

For his role as hot-headed Col. Nathan R. Jessep in A Few Good Men (1992), a movie about a murder in a U.S. Marine Corps unit, Nicholson received yet another Academy nomination. This film contained the court scene in which Nicholson famously explodes, "You can't handle the truth!", in one of the Aaron Sorkin-penned soliloquies to become part of popular culture.

In 1996, Nicholson collaborated once more with Batman director Tim Burton on Mars Attacks!, pulling double duty as two contrasting characters, President James Dale and Las Vegas property developer Art Land. At first studio executives at Warner Bros. disliked the idea of killing off Nicholson's character, so Burton created two characters and killed them both off.

Not all of Nicholson's performances have been well received. He was nominated for Razzie Awards as worst actor for Man Trouble (1992) and Hoffa (1992). However, Nicholson's performance in Hoffa also earned a Golden Globe nomination.

Nicholson would go on to win his next Academy Award for Best Actor for his role as Melvin Udall, a neurotic author with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), in the romance As Good as It Gets (1997), again directed by James L. Brooks. Nicholson's Oscar was matched with the Academy Award for Best Actress for Helen Hunt as a Manhattan waitress drawn into a love/hate friendship with Udall, a frequent diner in the restaurant in which she worked.

In 2001, Nicholson was the first actor to receive the Stanislavsky Award at the Moscow International Film Festival for "conquering the heights of acting and faithfulness".

Nicholson is a keen sports fan, regularly to be seen in courtside seats at Los Angeles Lakers basketball games at Staples Center and the former Great Western Forum. In 1999 he appeared on the UK TV chat show Parkinson, where he described himself as a "lifelong Manchester United fan".

Recent years

In About Schmidt (2002), Nicholson portrayed a retired Omaha, Nebraska actuary who questions his own life following his wife's death. His quiet, restrained performance stood in sharp contrast to many of his previous roles, and earned him an Academy Award Nomination for Best Actor. In the comedy Anger Management, he plays an aggressive therapist assigned to help overly pacifist Adam Sandler. In 2003, Nicholson starred in Something's Gotta Give, as an aging playboy who falls for the mother (Diane Keaton) of his young girlfriend. In late 2006, Nicholson marked his return to the "dark side" as Frank Costello, a sadistic Boston Irish Mob boss presiding over Matt Damon and Leonardo DiCaprio in Martin Scorsese's Oscar-winning The Departed, a remake of Andrew Lau's Infernal Affairs.

In November 2006, Nicholson began filming his next project, Rob Reiner's The Bucket List, a role for which he shaved his head. The film starred Nicholson and Morgan Freeman as dying men who fulfill their list of goals. The film was released on December 25, 2007 (limited) and January 11, 2008 (wide). In researching the role, Nicholson visited a Los Angeles hospital to see how cancer patients coped with their illnesses.

Personal life

He has been romantically linked to numerous actresses and models, including Michelle Phillips, Bebe Buell, and Lara Flynn Boyle. Nicholson's longest relationship was for 16 years with actress Anjelica Huston, from 1973 to 1989, the daughter of film director John Huston. However, the relationship ended when the media reported that Rebecca Broussard had become pregnant with his child. Nicholson and Broussard had two children together, Lorraine Nicholson (born 1990) and Raymond Nicholson (born 1992). Jack's other children are Jennifer Nicholson (born. 1963 with Sandra Knight) and Honey Hollman ( b. 1981 with Winnie Hollman). Actress Susan Anspach contends that her son, Caleb Goddard (born 1970), was fathered by Jack, but he has never made any public statements about the allegation.[17]

Nicholson lived next door to Marlon Brando for a number of years on Mulholland Drive in Beverly Hills. Warren Beatty also lived nearby, earning the road the nickname "Bad Boy Drive". After Brando's death in 2004, Nicholson purchased his neighbor's bungalow for $6.1 million, with the purpose of having it demolished. Nicholson stated that it was done out of respect to Brando's legacy, as it had become too expensive to renovate the "derelict" building which was plagued by mold.[18]

Nicholson is a fan of the New York Yankees and Los Angeles Lakers. His attendance at Lakers games is legendary, as he is a season ticket holder since 1970 and has held courtside season tickets for the past 25 years at both The Forum and the Staples Center, missing very few games. In a few instances, Nicholson has engaged in arguments with game officials and opposing players, and has even walked onto the court.[19] His ardent refusal to miss a Lakers home game means that studios must schedule filming around the Lakers home schedule.[19][20]

Nicholson is a collector of twentieth century and contemporary art, including the work of Scottish artist Jack Vettriano.[21]

Though he has not been very public about his political views, Nicholson has considered himself a lifelong Democrat.[22] On February 4, 2008, he announced his endorsement of Senator Hillary Clinton in her race for the President of the United States.[23] In an interview on Rick Dees' radio program, Nicholson said, "Mrs. Clinton has been involved in issues, everything from health care, which we know and prison reform and helping the military, speaking for women and speaking for Americans. And besides, it's about time we have a Prez with a nice tush."

California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and First Lady Maria Shriver announced on May 28, 2008 that Nicholson would be inducted into the California Hall of Fame, located at The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts. The induction ceremony took place on December 15, 2008 where he was inducted alongside 11 other legendary Californians.

Academy Awards history

Footprints and handprints of Jack Nicholson at Grauman's Chinese Theatre.

With 12 nominations (eight for Best Actor and four for Best Supporting Actor), Jack Nicholson is the most nominated male actor in Academy Awards history. Only Nicholson and Michael Caine have been nominated for an acting (lead or supporting) Academy Award in five different decades: 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s[citation needed]. With three Oscar wins, he also ties with Walter Brennan for the second highest-number of Oscar wins in acting categories (all of Brennan's wins were for Best Supporting Actor).

At the 79th Academy Awards, Nicholson had fully shaved his hair for his role in The Bucket List. Those ceremonies represented the seventh time he has presented the Academy Award for Best Picture (1972, 1977, 1978, 1990, 1993, 2006, and 2007).[24]

Nicholson is an active and voting member of the Academy. He had attended almost every ceremony, nominated or not, during the last decade.

Filmography

Year Film Role Notes
1958 The Cry Baby Killer Jimmy Wallace
1960 Too Soon to Love Buddy
The Wild Ride Johnny Varron
The Little Shop of Horrors Wilbur Force
Studs Lonigan Weary Reilly
1962 The Broken Land Will Brocious
1963 The Terror Andre Duvaler Also director
The Raven Rexford Bedlo
1964 Flight to Fury Jay Wickham
Ensign Pulver Dolan
Back Door to Hell Burnett
1965 Ride in the Whirlwind Wes
1966 The Shooting Billy Spear
1967 The St. Valentine's Day Massacre Gino, Hit Man uncredited
Hells Angels on Wheels Poet
1968 Psych-Out Stoney
1968 Head Himself
1969 Easy Rider George Hanson Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
1970 On A Clear Day You Can See Forever Tad Pringle
The Rebel Rousers Bunny
Five Easy Pieces Robert Eroica Dupea Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1971 Carnal Knowledge Jonathan Fuerst Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
A Safe Place Mitch
Drive, He Said Director
Nominated — Palme d'Or
1972 The King of Marvin Gardens David Staebler
1973 The Last Detail Billy "Bad Ass" Buddusky BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role also for Chinatown
Cannes Film Festival Best Actor
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor also for Chinatown
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor also for Chinatown
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1974 Chinatown J.J. 'Jake' Gittes BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role also for The Last Detail
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Fotogramas de Plata Award for Best Foreign Movie Performer
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor also for The Last Detail
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor also for The Last Detail
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
1975 The Fortune Oscar Sullivan aka Oscar Dix
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest Randle Patrick McMurphy Academy Award for Best Actor
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Sant Jordi Award for Best Foreign Actor
The Passenger David Locke
Tommy The Specialist
1976 The Missouri Breaks Tom Logan
The Last Tycoon Brimmer
1978 Goin' South Henry Lloyd Moon Also director
1980 The Shining Jack Torrance
1981 The Postman Always Rings Twice Frank Chambers
Ragtime Pirate at beach uncredited
Reds Eugene O'Neill BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
1982 The Border Charlie Smith
1983 Terms of Endearment Garrett Breedlove Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
1984 Terror in the Aisles archival footage
1985 Prizzi's Honor Charley Partanna Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
Nominated - Academy Award for Best Actor
1986 Heartburn Mark Forman
1987 The Witches of Eastwick Daryl Van Horne Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor also for Ironweed
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor also for Ironweed and Broadcast News
Broadcast News Bill Rorich New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor also for Ironweed and The Witches of Eastwick
Ironweed Francis Phelan Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor also for The Witches of Eastwick
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor also for Broadcast News and The Witches of Eastwick
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1989 Batman Jack Napier / The Joker Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1990 The Two Jakes J.J. 'Jake' Gittes Also director
1992 Man Trouble Eugene Earl Axline, aka Harry Bliss
A Few Good Men Col. Nathan R. Jessep Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor
Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
Nominated — MTV Movie Award for Best Male Performance
Nominated — MTV Movie Award for Best Villain
Hoffa James R. 'Jimmy' Hoffa Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1994 Wolf Will Randall
1995 The Crossing Guard Freddy Gale
1996 Blood and Wine Alex Gates
The Evening Star Garrett Breedlove
Mars Attacks! President James Dale / Art Land Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1997 As Good as It Gets Melvin Udall Academy Award for Best Actor
American Comedy Award for Funniest Actor in a Motion Picture
Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role
1999 Golden Globe's Cecil B. DeMille Award
2001 The Pledge Jerry Black
2002 About Schmidt Warren R. Schmidt Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor tied with Daniel Day-Lewis for Gangs of New York
Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor tied with Daniel Day-Lewis for Gangs of New York
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association for Best Actor
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated — Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated — London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama
Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role
2003 Anger Management Dr. Buddy Rydell
Something's Gotta Give Harry Sanborn Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
2006 The Departed Francis 'Frank' Costello Austin Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
MTV Movie Award for Best Villain
National Board of Review Award for Best Cast
Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Nominated — Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
Nominated — Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — People's Choice Award for Best On-Screen Match-Up shared with Matt Damon and Leonardo DiCaprio
Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture
Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
2007 The Bucket List Edward Cole

References

  1. ^ a b Marx, Arthur (1995). "On His Own Terms". Cigar Aficionado. http://www.cigaraficionado.com/Cigar/CA_Profiles/People_Profile/0,2540,21,00.html. 
  2. ^ Douglas, Edward (2004). Jack: The Great Seducer — The Life and Many Loves of Jack Nicholson. New York: Harper Collins. p. 14. ISBN 0060520477. 
  3. ^ Berliner, Eve. Marriage certificate of June Nilson and Donald Furcillo. Young Jack Nicholson: Auspicious Beginnings. Evesmag.com. 2001.
  4. ^ a b c McDougal, Dennis (2007). Five Easy Decades: How Jack Nicholson Became the Biggest Movie Star in Modern Times. Wiley. pp. 8, 278. ISBN 0471722464. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0471722464. 
  5. ^ a b "The Religious Affiliation of Jack Nicholson". Adherents.com. 2009-08-23. http://www.adherents.com/people/pn/Jack_Nicholson.html. 
  6. ^ "'I Wasn't Inhibited by Anything'". Parade Magazine. 2007-12-04. http://www.parade.com/celebrity/articles/071204-jack-nicholson.html. Retrieved 2007-02-16. 
  7. ^ Ebert, Roger (1983-11-27). "Interview with Jack Nicholson". Chicago Sun-Times. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19831127/PEOPLE/40824003. Retrieved 2007-02-16. 
  8. ^ a b Collins, Nancy. The Great Seducer: Jack Nicholson. Rolling Stone magazine, March 29, 1984. Scan copy at Jack Nicholson.org.
  9. ^ The Coast Star. 14 October 2004.
  10. ^ McGilligan, P. Jack's Life. W.W. Norton & Company, 1994.
  11. ^ Hill, Lee. A Grand Guy: The Life and Art of Terry Southern. Bloomsbury, 2001.
  12. ^ Dunne, Dominick (April 2001). "Murder Most Unforgettable". Vanity Fair. 
  13. ^ a b McDougal, Dennis (2007). Five easy decades: how Jack Nicholson became the biggest movie star in modern times. John Wiley and Sons. pp. 109-110. ISBN 0471722464. http://books.google.com/books?id=FMkTJzvSUqQC. 
  14. ^ McGilligan, Patrick (1996). Jack's Life: A Biography of Jack Nicholson. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 219. ISBN 0393313786. http://books.google.com/books?id=AdQDYqBmmJYC. 
  15. ^ Deutsch, Linda; Ernst E. Abegg (2009-09-27). "Polanski's Arrest Could Be His Path to Freedom". ABC News. http://abcnews.go.com/Entertainment/WireStory?id=8684336. Retrieved 2009-09-30. 
  16. ^ Film Comment June 1985.
  17. ^ von Strunckel, Shelley (2006-06-23). "What the Stars say about them — Jack Nicholson and Susan Anspach". The Sunday Times. p. 36. 
  18. ^ Nicholson To Demolish Brando Home. IMDB News. August 9, 2006.
  19. ^ a b Nicholson gets court rage. BBC News. May 11, 2003.
  20. ^ Scorsese Gets Jacked By Nicholson. Rotten Tomatoes.com. July 25, 2005.
  21. ^ Braid, Mary (1999-07-23). "Jack Nicholson loves him. The public adores him. His erotic art has made him millions and his posters outsell Van Gogh and Star Wars. So why is Jack Vettriano so bitter?". The Independent (UK) (Independent News & media plc). http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/jack-nicholson-loves-him-the-public-adores-him-his-erotic-art-has-made-him-millions-and-his-posters-outsell-van-gogh-and-star-wars-so-why-is-jack-vettriano-so-bitter-1107992.html. Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  22. ^ Jack Nicholson riffs on politics - CNN.com
  23. ^ Hillary Clinton. Actor Jack Nicholson Endorses Hillary for President February 4, 2008
  24. ^ Jack Nicholson at the Internet Movie Database

External links


Jack Nicholson
Born John Joseph Nicholson
April 22, 1937 (1937-04-22) (age 73)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Occupation Actor, director, producer
Years active 1958–present
Spouse Sandra Knight (1962–1968); 1 child

John Joseph "Jack" Nicholson (born April 22, 1937) is an American actor, film director and producer. He is renowned for his often dark-themed portrayals of neurotic characters.

Nicholson has been nominated for Academy Awards twelve times. He won the Academy Award for Best Actor twice, for One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and for As Good as It Gets. He won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for the 1983 film Terms of Endearment. He is tied with Walter Brennan for most acting wins by a male actor (three), and second to Katharine Hepburn for most acting wins overall (four). He is also one of only two actors nominated for an Academy Award for acting (either lead or supporting) in every decade from the 1960s to 2000s (the other one being Michael Caine). He has won seven Golden Globe Awards, and received a Kennedy Center Honor in 2001. In 1994, he became one of the youngest actors to be awarded the American Film Institute's Life Achievement Award.

Notable films in which he has starred include, in chronological order, Easy Rider, Five Easy Pieces, Chinatown, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, The Shining, Reds, Terms of Endearment, Batman, A Few Good Men, As Good as It Gets, About Schmidt, Something's Gotta Give, and The Departed.

Contents

Early life

Nicholson was born in St. Vincent's Hospital in New York City, the son of a showgirl, June Frances Nicholson (stage name June Nilson).[1][2] June had married Italian American showman Donald Furcillo (stage name Donald Rose) six months earlier in Elkton, Maryland, on October 16, 1936.[3] Elkton was a town known for its "quickie" marriages. Furcillo, however, was already married, and, although he offered to take care of the child, June's mother Ethel insisted that she bring up the baby, partly so that June could pursue her dancing career. Although Donald Furcillo claimed to be Nicholson's father and to have committed bigamy by marrying June, biographer Patrick McGilligan asserted in Jack's Life that Latvian-born Eddie King (originally Edgar A. Kirschfeld),[4] June's manager, may be the father, and other[1] sources have suggested that June Nicholson was unsure of who the father was. Nicholson's mother was of Irish, English, and Dutch descent[5] though he and his family self-identified as Irish.[6][7]

Nicholson was brought up believing that his grandparents, John Joseph Nicholson (a department store window dresser in Manasquan, New Jersey) and Ethel May Rhoads (a hairdresser, beautician and amateur artist in Manasquan), were his parents. Nicholson only discovered that his "parents" were actually his grandparents and his sister was in fact his mother in 1974, after a journalist for Time magazine who was doing a feature on Nicholson informed him of the fact.[8] By this time, both his mother and grandmother had died (in 1963 and 1970, respectively). Nicholson has stated he does not know who his father is, saying "Only Ethel and June knew and they never told anybody",[8] and has chosen not to have a DNA test or to pursue the matter.

Nicholson grew up in Neptune City, New Jersey.[4] He was raised in his mother's Roman Catholic religion.[5][6] "Nick", as he was known to his high school friends, attended nearby Manasquan High School, where he was voted "class clown" by the Class of 1954. A theatre and a drama award at the school are named in his honor.[9] In 2004, Nicholson attended his 50-year high school reunion accompanied by his aunt Lorraine.[4]

Early acting career

(1960)]] When Nicholson first came to Hollywood, he worked as a gofer for animation legends William Hanna and Joseph Barbera at the MGM cartoon studio. Seeing his talent as an artist, they offered Nicholson a starting level position as an animation artist. However, citing his desire to become an actor, he declined.[10]

He made his film debut in a low-budget teen drama The Cry Baby Killer, in 1958, playing the title role. For the following decade, Nicholson was a frequent collaborator with the film's producer, Roger Corman. Corman directed Nicholson on several occasions, most notably in The Little Shop of Horrors, as masochistic dental patient Wilbur Force, and also in The Raven, The Terror, and The St. Valentine's Day Massacre. He worked frequently with director Monte Hellman as well on low-budget westerns, though two in particular, Ride in the Whirlwind and The Shooting, initially failed to find interest from any US film distributors but gained cult success on the art house circuit in France and were later sold to television.

Rise to fame

with Peter Fonda]] With his acting career heading nowhere, Nicholson seemed resigned to a career behind the camera as a writer/director. His first real taste of writing success was the LSD-fueled screenplay for 1967's The Trip (directed by Corman), which starred Peter Fonda and Dennis Hopper. Nicholson also co-wrote, with Bob Rafelson, the movie Head, which starred The Monkees. In addition, he also arranged the movie's soundtrack. However, after a spot opened up in Fonda and Hopper's Easy Rider, it led to his first big acting break. Nicholson played hard-drinking lawyer George Hanson, for which he received his first Oscar nomination. The part of Hanson was a lucky break for Nicholson—the role had in fact been written for actor Rip Torn, who was a close friend of screen writer Terry Southern, but Torn withdrew from the project after a bitter argument with the film's director Dennis Hopper, during which the two men almost came to blows.[11]

A Best Actor nomination came the following year for his persona-defining role in Five Easy Pieces (1970), which includes his famous "chicken salad" dialogue about getting what you want. Also that year, he appeared in the movie adaptation of On A Clear Day You Can See Forever, although most of his performance was left on the cutting room floor.

Other Nicholson roles included Hal Ashby's The Last Detail (1973), for which he was awarded Best Actor at the Cannes Film Festival, and the classic Roman Polanski noir thriller, Chinatown (1974). Nicholson was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for both films. Nicholson was friends with the director long before the death of Polanski's wife, Sharon Tate, at the hands of the Manson Family, and supported him in the days following the deaths.[12] [13] After Tate's death, Nicholson began sleeping with a hammer under his pillow,[13] and took breaks from work to attend the Manson trial.[14] It was at Nicholson's home where the statutory rape case for which Polanski was arrested occurred.[15]

He starred in The Who's Tommy (1975), directed by Ken Russell, and Michelangelo Antonioni's The Passenger (1975).

An American icon

[[File:|right|thumb|Nicholson (right) and Dennis Hopper at the 62nd Academy Awards, March 26, 1990]] Nicholson earned his first Best Actor Oscar for portraying Randle P. McMurphy in the movie adaptation of Ken Kesey's novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, directed by Miloš Forman in 1975. His Oscar was matched when Louise Fletcher received the Best Actress Award for her portrayal of Nurse Ratched.

After this, he began to take more unusual roles. He took a small role in The Last Tycoon, opposite Robert De Niro. He took a less sympathetic role in Arthur Penn's western The Missouri Breaks, specifically to work with Marlon Brando. He followed this by making his second directorial effort with the western comedy Goin' South. His first movie as a director was a 1971 quirky release called Drive, He Said.

Although he garnered no Academy Award for Stanley Kubrick's adaptation of Stephen King's The Shining (1980), it remains one of Nicholson's most significant roles. His next Oscar, the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, came for his role of retired astronaut Garrett Breedlove in Terms of Endearment (1983), directed by James L. Brooks. Nicholson continued to work prolifically in the 80s, starring in such films as The Postman Always Rings Twice (1981), Reds (1981), Prizzi's Honor (1985), The Witches of Eastwick (1987), Broadcast News (1987), and Ironweed (1987). Three Oscar nominations also followed (Reds, Prizzi's Honor, and Ironweed).

Nicholson turned down the role of John Book in Witness.[16] The 1989 Batman movie, wherein Nicholson played the psychotic murderer and villain, The Joker, was an international smash hit, and a lucrative percentage deal earned Nicholson about $60 million.

For his role as hot-headed Col. Nathan R. Jessep in A Few Good Men (1992), a movie about a murder in a U.S. Marine Corps unit, Nicholson received yet another Academy nomination. This film contained the court scene in which Nicholson famously explodes, "You can't handle the truth!", in one of the Aaron Sorkin-penned monologues to become part of popular culture.

In 1996, Nicholson collaborated once more with Batman director Tim Burton on Mars Attacks!, pulling double duty as two contrasting characters, President James Dale and Las Vegas property developer Art Land. At first studio executives at Warner Bros. disliked the idea of killing off Nicholson's character, so Burton created two characters and killed them both off.

Not all of Nicholson's performances have been well received. He was nominated for Razzie Awards as worst actor for Man Trouble (1992) and Hoffa (1992). However, Nicholson's performance in Hoffa also earned a Golden Globe nomination.

Nicholson would go on to win his next Academy Award for Best Actor for his role as Melvin Udall, a neurotic author with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), in the romance As Good as It Gets (1997), again directed by James L. Brooks. Nicholson's Oscar was matched with the Academy Award for Best Actress for Helen Hunt as a Manhattan waitress drawn into a love/hate friendship with Udall, a frequent diner in the restaurant in which she worked.

In 2001, Nicholson was the first actor to receive the Stanislavsky Award at the Moscow International Film Festival for "conquering the heights of acting and faithfulness".

Nicholson is a keen sports fan, regularly to be seen in courtside seats at Los Angeles Lakers basketball games at Staples Center and the former Great Western Forum. In 1999 he appeared on the UK TV chat show Parkinson, where he described himself as a "lifelong Manchester United fan".

Recent years

File:Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson at 2002 Cannes

In About Schmidt (2002), Nicholson portrayed a retired Omaha, Nebraska actuary who questions his own life following his wife's death. His quiet, restrained performance stood in sharp contrast to many of his previous roles, and earned him an Academy Award Nomination for Best Actor. In the comedy Anger Management (2003), he plays an aggressive therapist assigned to help overly pacifist Adam Sandler. In the same year, Nicholson starred in Something's Gotta Give, as an aging playboy who falls for the mother (Diane Keaton) of his young girlfriend. In late 2006, Nicholson marked his return to the "dark side" as Frank Costello, a sadistic Boston Irish Mob boss presiding over Matt Damon and Leonardo DiCaprio in Martin Scorsese's Oscar-winning The Departed, a remake of Andrew Lau's Infernal Affairs.

In November 2006, Nicholson began filming his next project, Rob Reiner's The Bucket List, a role for which he shaved his head. The film starred Nicholson and Morgan Freeman as dying men who fulfill their list of goals. The film was released on December 25, 2007 (limited) and January 11, 2008 (wide). In researching the role, Nicholson visited a Los Angeles hospital to see how cancer patients coped with their illnesses.

Personal life

File:Jack Nicholson.
Nicholson in 2008

He has been romantically linked to numerous actresses and models, including Michelle Phillips, Bebe Buell, and Lara Flynn Boyle. Nicholson's longest relationship was for 16 years with actress Anjelica Huston, from 1973 to 1989, the daughter of film director John Huston. However, the relationship ended when the media reported that Rebecca Broussard had become pregnant with his child. Nicholson and Broussard had two children together, Lorraine Nicholson (born 1990) and Raymond Nicholson (born 1992). Jack's other children are Jennifer Nicholson (born 1963 with Sandra Knight) and Honey Hollman (b. 1981 with Winnie Hollman). Actress Susan Anspach contends that her son, Caleb Goddard (born 1970), was fathered by Jack, but he has never made any public statements about the allegation.[17]

Nicholson lived next door to Marlon Brando for a number of years on Mulholland Drive in Beverly Hills. Warren Beatty also lived nearby, earning the road the nickname "Bad Boy Drive". After Brando's death in 2004, Nicholson purchased his neighbor's bungalow for $6.1 million, with the purpose of having it demolished. Nicholson stated that it was done out of respect to Brando's legacy, as it had become too expensive to renovate the "derelict" building which was plagued by mold.[18]

Nicholson is a fan of the New York Yankees and Los Angeles Lakers. His attendance at Lakers games is legendary, as he is a season ticket holder since 1970 and has held courtside season tickets for the past 25 years at both The Forum and the Staples Center, missing very few games. In a few instances, Nicholson has engaged in arguments with game officials and opposing players, and has even walked onto the court.[19] His ardent refusal to miss a Lakers home game means that studios are rumored to have to schedule filming around the Lakers home schedule.[19][20] Yet, he dispelled this in an interview with BBC radio in 2008.[21]

Nicholson is a collector of twentieth century and contemporary art, including the work of Scottish artist Jack Vettriano.[22]

Though he has not been very public about his political views, Nicholson has considered himself a lifelong Democrat.[23] On February 4, 2008, he announced his endorsement of Senator Hillary Clinton in her race for the President of the United States.[24] In an interview on Rick Dees' radio program, Nicholson said, "Mrs. Clinton has been involved in issues, everything from health care, which we know and prison reform and helping the military, speaking for women and speaking for Americans. And besides, it's about time we have a Prez with a nice tush."

California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and First Lady Maria Shriver announced on May 28, 2008 that Nicholson would be inducted into the California Hall of Fame, located at The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts. The induction ceremony took place on December 15, 2008 where he was inducted alongside 11 other legendary Californians.

Academy Awards history

File:Jack Nicholson
Footprints and handprints of Jack Nicholson at Grauman's Chinese Theatre.

With 12 nominations (eight for Best Actor and four for Best Supporting Actor), Jack Nicholson is the most nominated male actor in Academy Awards history. Only Nicholson and Michael Caine have been nominated for an acting (lead or supporting) Academy Award in five different decades: 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s.[citation needed] With three Oscar wins, he also ties with Walter Brennan for the second highest-number of Oscar wins in acting categories (all of Brennan's wins were for Best Supporting Actor).

At the 79th Academy Awards, Nicholson had fully shaved his hair for his role in The Bucket List. Those ceremonies represented the seventh time he has presented the Academy Award for Best Picture (1972, 1977, 1978, 1990, 1993, 2006, and 2007).[25]

Nicholson is an active and voting member of the Academy. He has attended almost every ceremony, nominated or not, during the last decade.

Filmography

Year Film Role Notes
1958 The Cry Baby Killer Jimmy Wallace
1960 Too Soon to Love Buddy
The Wild Ride Johnny Varron
The Little Shop of Horrors Wilbur Force
Studs Lonigan Weary Reilly
1962 The Broken Land Will Brocious
1963 The Terror Andre Duvaler Also director
The Raven Rexford Bedlo
1964 Flight to Fury Jay Wickham
Ensign Pulver Dolan
Back Door to Hell Burnett
1965 Ride in the Whirlwind Wes
1966 The Shooting Billy Spear
1967 The St. Valentine's Day Massacre Gino, Hit Man uncredited
Hells Angels on Wheels Poet
1968 Psych-Out Stoney
Head Himself
1969 Easy Rider George Hanson Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
1970 On A Clear Day You Can See Forever Tad Pringle
The Rebel Rousers Bunny
Five Easy Pieces Robert Eroica Dupea Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1971 Carnal Knowledge Jonathan Fuerst Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
A Safe Place Mitch
Drive, He Said Director
Nominated — Palme d'Or
1972 The King of Marvin Gardens David Staebler
1973 The Last Detail Billy "Bad Ass" Buddusky BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role also for Chinatown
Cannes Film Festival Best Actor
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor also for Chinatown
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor also for Chinatown
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1974 Chinatown J.J. 'Jake' Gittes BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role also for The Last Detail
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Fotogramas de Plata Award for Best Foreign Movie Performer
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor also for The Last Detail
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor also for The Last Detail
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
1975 The Fortune Oscar Sullivan aka Oscar Dix
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest Randle Patrick McMurphy Academy Award for Best Actor
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Sant Jordi Award for Best Foreign Actor
The Passenger David Locke
Tommy The Specialist
1976 The Missouri Breaks Tom Logan
The Last Tycoon Brimmer
1978 Goin' South Henry Lloyd Moon Also director
1980 The Shining Jack Torrance
1981 The Postman Always Rings Twice Frank Chambers
Ragtime Pirate at beach uncredited
Reds Eugene O'Neill BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
1982 The Border Charlie Smith
1983 Terms of Endearment Garrett Breedlove Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
1984 Terror in the Aisles archival footage
1985 Prizzi's Honor Charley Partanna Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
Nominated - Academy Award for Best Actor
1986 Heartburn Mark Forman
1987 The Witches of Eastwick Daryl Van Horne Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor also for Ironweed
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor also for Ironweed and Broadcast News
Broadcast News Bill Rorich New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor also for Ironweed and The Witches of Eastwick
Ironweed Francis Phelan Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor also for The Witches of Eastwick
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor also for Broadcast News and The Witches of Eastwick
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1989 Batman Jack Napier / The Joker Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1990 The Two Jakes J.J. 'Jake' Gittes Also director
1992 Man Trouble Eugene Earl Axline, aka Harry Bliss
A Few Good Men Col. Nathan R. Jessep Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor
Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
Nominated — MTV Movie Award for Best Male Performance
Nominated — MTV Movie Award for Best Villain
Hoffa James R. 'Jimmy' Hoffa Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1994 Wolf Will Randall
1995 The Crossing Guard Freddy Gale
1996 Blood and Wine Alex Gates
The Evening Star Garrett Breedlove
Mars Attacks! President James Dale / Art Land Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1997 As Good as It Gets Melvin Udall Academy Award for Best Actor
American Comedy Award for Funniest Actor in a Motion Picture
Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role
2001 The Pledge Jerry Black
2002 About Schmidt Warren R. Schmidt Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor tied with Daniel Day-Lewis for Gangs of New York
Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor tied with Daniel Day-Lewis for Gangs of New York
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association for Best Actor
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated — Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated — London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama
Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role
2003 Anger Management Dr. Buddy Rydell
Something's Gotta Give Harry Sanborn Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
2006 The Departed Francis 'Frank' Costello Austin Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
MTV Movie Award for Best Villain
National Board of Review Award for Best Cast
Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Nominated — Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
Nominated — Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated — People's Choice Award for Best On-Screen Match-Up shared with Matt Damon and Leonardo DiCaprio
Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture
Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
2007 The Bucket List Edward Cole
2010 How Do You Know Charles
Additionally, in 1999, Nicholson was presented with the Golden Globe's Cecil B. DeMille Award lifetime achievement award.

References

  1. ^ a b Marx, Arthur (1995). "On His Own Terms". Cigar Aficionado. http://www.cigaraficionado.com/Cigar/CA_Profiles/People_Profile/0,2540,21,00.html. 
  2. ^ Douglas, Edward (2004). Jack: The Great Seducer — The Life and Many Loves of Jack Nicholson. New York: Harper Collins. p. 14. ISBN 0060520477. 
  3. ^ Berliner, Eve. Marriage certificate of June Nilson and Donald Furcillo. Young Jack Nicholson: Auspicious Beginnings. Evesmag.com. 2001.
  4. ^ a b c McDougal, Dennis (October 2007). Five Easy Decades: How Jack Nicholson Became the Biggest Movie Star in Modern Times. Wiley. pp. 8, 278. ISBN 0471722464. http://www.amazon.com/dp/0471722464. 
  5. ^ a b "The Religious Affiliation of Jack Nicholson". Adherents.com. 2009-08-23. http://www.adherents.com/people/pn/Jack_Nicholson.html. 
  6. ^ a b "'I Wasn't Inhibited by Anything'". Parade Magazine. 2007-12-04. http://www.parade.com/celebrity/articles/071204-jack-nicholson.html. Retrieved 2007-02-16. 
  7. ^ Ebert, Roger (1983-11-27). "Interview with Jack Nicholson". Chicago Sun-Times. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19831127/PEOPLE/40824003. Retrieved 2007-02-16. 
  8. ^ a b Collins, Nancy. The Great Seducer: Jack Nicholson. Rolling Stone magazine, March 29, 1984. Scan copy at Jack Nicholson.org.
  9. ^ The Coast Star[dead link]. 14 October 2004.
  10. ^ McGilligan, P. Jack's Life. W.W. Norton & Company, 1994.
  11. ^ Hill, Lee. A Grand Guy: The Life and Art of Terry Southern. Bloomsbury, 2001.
  12. ^ Dunne, Dominick (April 2001). "Murder Most Unforgettable". Vanity Fair. 
  13. ^ a b McDougal, Dennis (2007). Five easy decades: how Jack Nicholson became the biggest movie star in modern times. John Wiley and Sons. pp. 109–110. ISBN 0471722464. http://books.google.com/books?id=FMkTJzvSUqQC. 
  14. ^ McGilligan, Patrick (1996). Jack's Life: A Biography of Jack Nicholson. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 219. ISBN 0393313786. http://books.google.com/books?id=AdQDYqBmmJYC. 
  15. ^ Deutsch, Linda; Ernst E. Abegg (2009-09-27). "Polanski's Arrest Could Be His Path to Freedom". ABC News. http://abcnews.go.com/Entertainment/WireStory?id=8684336. Retrieved 2009-09-30. [dead link]
  16. ^ Film Comment June 1985.
  17. ^ von Strunckel, Shelley (2006-06-23). "What the Stars say about them — Jack Nicholson and Susan Anspach". The Sunday Times. p. 36. 
  18. ^ Nicholson To Demolish Brando Home. IMDB News. August 9, 2006.
  19. ^ a b Nicholson gets court rage. BBC News. May 11, 2003.
  20. ^ Scorsese Gets Jacked By Nicholson. Rotten Tomatoes.com. July 25, 2005.
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ Braid, Mary (1999-07-23). "Jack Nicholson loves him. The public adores him. His erotic art has made him millions and his posters outsell Van Gogh and Star Wars. So why is Jack Vettriano so bitter?". The Independent (UK) (Independent News & media plc). http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/jack-nicholson-loves-him-the-public-adores-him-his-erotic-art-has-made-him-millions-and-his-posters-outsell-van-gogh-and-star-wars-so-why-is-jack-vettriano-so-bitter-1107992.html. Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  23. ^ Jack Nicholson riffs on politics - CNN.com[dead link]
  24. ^ Hillary Clinton. Actor Jack Nicholson Endorses Hillary for President[dead link] February 4, 2008
  25. ^ Jack Nicholson at the Internet Movie Database

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