Jack White (musician): Wikis

  

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Jack White

Jack White performing with The Dead Weather at the Ottawa Bluesfest in 2009.
Background information
Birth name John Anthony Gillis
Born July 9, 1975 (1975-07-09) (age 34)
Origin Detroit, Michigan, US
Genres Rock, alternative rock, blues-rock, punk blues, garage rock revival, bluegrass
Occupations Musician, singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, producer, actor
Instruments Vocals, guitar, piano, organ, bass, drums, marimba, mandolin
Years active 1990–present
Associated acts The White Stripes, The Raconteurs, The Dead Weather, The Upholsterers, The Go, Loretta Lynn, Beck, Holly Golightly, Soledad Brothers, Alicia Keys
Notable instruments
1965 JB Hutto Montgomery Airline
1970s-era Crestwood Astral II
1950s-era Kay Hollowbody
Gretsch Triple Jet

Jack White (born John Anthony Gillis; July 9, 1975), often credited as Jack White III,[1] is an American musician, record producer, and occasional actor, best known as the guitarist, pianist, and lead vocalist for The White Stripes.

During the 1990s, White was a part-time musician in various underground bands in Detroit, while working by day as an upholsterer. White formed The White Stripes in 1997 with Meg White, then his ex-wife. However, they pretend that they are siblings. The band went on to have a string of critically acclaimed albums, with their third, White Blood Cells, catapulting them to international stardom. He was ranked #17 on Rolling Stone's list of "The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time".[2] White's popular and critical success with The White Stripes enabled him to collaborate as a solo artist with other renowned musicians, such as Beck, The Rolling Stones, Jeff Beck,[3] Alicia Keys, Bob Dylan and Loretta Lynn, whose 2004 album Van Lear Rose he produced and performed on. In 2005, White became a founding member of the rock band The Raconteurs. In 2009, he became a founding member of his third group, The Dead Weather.[4]

Contents

Childhood and early life

Of Scottish-Canadian and Polish descent,[5] White, the youngest of ten children (seven sons, three daughters), was born in Detroit, Michigan, the son of Teresa and Gorman Gillis. His father and mother worked for the Archdiocese of Detroit, as the maintenance man and the Cardinal's secretary, respectively. White eventually became an altar boy, which landed him an uncredited role in the 1987 movie The Rosary Murders, filmed mainly at Holy Redeemer parish in southwest Detroit.[6] As a child he was a fan of classical music.[7]

Jack White began playing instruments (a drum) at the age of five.[8] White grew up in a lower middle-class neighborhood in southwest Detroit. His musical preferences were not those of his classmates, who listened to electronica and hip hop. White, as a teenager, was already listening to the blues and 1960s rock that would influence him in The White Stripes,[6] Son House and Blind Willie McTell being among his favorite blues musicians. He and his childhood friend, Dominic Suchyta, would listen to records in White's attic on weekends and began to record cover songs on an old 4-track reel to reel. At the time White was described as "a kid with short hair and braces".[7] He has said in many interviews that Son House's "Grinnin In Your Face" to be his favorite song of all time.[9][10]

In 2005 on 60 Minutes, White told Mike Wallace that his life could have turned out differently. "I'd got accepted to a seminary in Wisconsin, and I was gonna become a priest, but at the last second I thought, 'I’ll just go to public school... I had just gotten a new amplifier in my bedroom, and I didn’t think I was allowed to take it with me."[11]

At 15, White began a three-year upholstery apprenticeship with a family friend, Brian Muldoon. White credits Muldoon with exposing him to punk music, and pushing him to play music together as a band: "He played drums...well I guess I'll play guitar then." [12] The two recorded an album, Makers of High Grade Suites, as The Upholsterers. White later started a one-man business of his own, called Third Man Upholstery. The slogan of his business was "Your Furniture's Not Dead" and the color scheme was yellow and black — including a yellow van, a yellow and black uniform and a yellow clipboard. While Third Man Upholstery never lacked business, White claims that it was not profitable, due to his complacency about money and his business practices that were perceived as unprofessional, including making bills out in crayon and writing poetry inside the furniture.[13] Shortly thereafter, White landed his first professional gig as the drummer for the Detroit band Goober & the Peas. He also played in other local bands and did solo shows.

Recording career

The White Stripes

At the O2 Wireless Festival in 2007

White formed The White Stripes along with Meg White in 1997.[14] The band began its career as part of the Michigan garage rock underground music scene, playing with local bands such as Bantam Rooster, The Dirtbombs, The Paybacks, Rocket 455, and The Henchmen, among others. In 1998, The White Stripes were signed to Italy Records, a small and independent Detroit-based garage punk label, by Dave Buick.[15] The band released its self-titled debut album in 1999, and a year later the album was followed up by the cult classic[16] De Stijl. The album eventually peaked at #38 in Billboard Magazine's Independent Albums when the band had established their popularity.

In 2001 the band released White Blood Cells. The album's stripped-down garage rock sound drew critical acclaim in the UK and soon afterward in the US, making The White Stripes one of the more acclaimed bands of 2002. The album was followed up in 2003 by the commercially[17][18] and critically successful[19][20] Elephant. Allmusic wrote that the album "sounds even more pissed-off, paranoid and stunning than its predecessor ... darker and more difficult than White Blood Cells. "[21] The album's first single, "Seven Nation Army, " is the band's most successful to date.

The band's fifth album, Get Behind Me Satan, was recorded in White's own home and marked a change in the band's musical direction, with piano-driven melodies and experimentation with marimba and a more rhythm based guitar playing by White. The band also released Aluminium, an avant-garde orchestral album containing past music written by White. The band's sixth album, Icky Thump, released in 2007, entered the UK Albums Chart at number one[22] and debuted at number two on the Billboard 200. The album's sound also included more punk, garage and blues influences than its predecessor. In late 2007, the band announced the cancellation of 18 tour dates due to Meg White's acute anxiety problems.[23]

White has revealed plans to release a seventh, as of yet untitled album in the summer of 2009.[24][25] The band also made their first live appearance since Meg's anxiety problems in September 2007 on the final episode of Late Night with Conan O'Brien on February 20, 2009.[26]

A documentary, The White Stripes: Under Great White Northern Lights, about the band's 2007 tour, in which they played a gig in every Canadian province and territory, is expected to close the 2009 Toronto International Film Festival.[27]

In July 2007, The White Stripes made history by playing the shortest concert ever by only playing one note, in St John's, Newfoundland. They played a full show later that night at the Mile One Centre in downtown St. John's.[28]

It was rumored that in 2003 White collaborated on Electric Six's song "Danger! High Voltage".[29] Both he and the Electric Six denied this, and the vocal work was credited officially to John S O'Leary.[30] However, a recent radio interview with Tim Shaw on Kerrang! 105.2 in the UK had Electric Six lead singer Dick Valentine talking openly about White singing on this song as well as speculating on the amount of money he was paid ($60,000).[citation needed] Also, a Q magazine article stated that Jack White did in fact work with Electric Six on the song "Gay Bar".[citation needed]

Brendan Benson and Jack White

The Raconteurs

White formed The Raconteurs in 2005 along with Brendan Benson, Jack Lawrence and Patrick Keeler. The origin of the band was the song 'Steady, As She Goes' which White wrote along with Benson. This inspired them to create a full band with the addition of Lawrence and Keeler. The band came together in Detroit during 2005 and, for the remainder of the year, recorded when time allowed. The band's debut album Broken Boy Soldiers was recorded at Benson's home in Detroit. The band set out on tour to support the album, including eight dates as the opening act for Bob Dylan. The band released its second album, Consolers of the Lonely and its first single "Salute Your Solution" simultaneously in 2008. The tour included shows at Lollapallooza at Grant Park in Chicago, the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival, the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival, Bonnaroo Music Festival,[31] Austin City Limits Music Festival, T in the Park in Scotland, Oxegen festival in Ireland and The Open'er Festival in Poland. The album received a Grammy nomination for Best Rock Album.

The Dead Weather

Jack White and Alison Mosshart performing live with The Dead Weather at the Glastonbury Festival, June 26, 2009.

In early 2009, Jack White formed a new group called The Dead Weather with The Kills frontwoman Alison Mosshart. White takes drum and vocal duties, while The Raconteurs bassist Jack Lawrence and Queens of the Stone Age keyboardist Dean Fertita round the four piece out.

The group debuted a handful of new tracks on March 11, 2009 in Nashville from their debut album "Horehound, " due July 13, 2009 in Europe and July 14, 2009 in North America, on White's Third Man Records label.

Solo career

In 2008, White collaborated with Alicia Keys on the song "Another Way to Die", the theme song for the James Bond film Quantum of Solace.

In 2009 Jack White was featured in "It Might Get Loud", a film in which he, Jimmy Page, and The Edge come together to discuss the electric guitar and each artists' unique playing methods. White's first solo single, "Fly Farm Blues" was written and recorded in ten minutes during the filming of the movie, in August 2009. The single went on sale as a 7-inch vinyl record from Third Man Records and as a digital single available through iTunes on August 11. Jack White has also mentioned a plan for a solo album in the next six months. He is currently rumored to be collaborating with Punk warlord Phil Lin and currently recording sample tracks.[32][33]

Musical equipment and sound

Jack White uses numerous effects to create his live sound, most notably a Digitech Whammy WH-1 to create the rapid modulations in pitch he uses in his solos.[34] The guitars he uses live are two 1965 JB Hutto Montgomery Airlines (one which he received from a fan), [35], a three pickup Airline Town & Country, a Harmony Rocket, a 1970s-era Crestwood Astral II, 1950s-era Kay Hollowbody, a Gretsch White Penguin(as seen in the music video for Icky Thump), and a custom Gretsch Rancher Falcon acoustic guitar. When playing with the Raconteurs, White usually plays two custom Gretsch-styled copies of the Duo Jet double-cutaway guitar, one of which, dubbed the Triple Jet, is his main guitar that is made of copper and features a Gretsch logo from 1912. For their first tour, Jack also played Gretsch Anniversary Jr. with a Bigsby vibrato tailpiece and three Filtertron pickups. He also uses a Gretsch Rancher acoustic guitar and he now uses a custom Gretsch Anniversary Jr. with two cutaways, a built-in retractable microphone, and a theremin next to the Bigsby. Jack has dubbed this one the "Triple Green Machine". Also, he plays occasionally with his Gretsch Rancher, a Gibson J-160E. Also, he plays a Gretsch Duo Jet in Cadillac Green. Recently, he has featured his latest Gretsch, a custom white Billy Gibbons/Bo Diddley signature Gretsch Jupiter Thunderbird in the music video for "Another Way to Die", this guitar is also used on his concerts with The Dead Weather. He has also been known to play a variety of Fender Telecasters, featuring one in the music video for Loretta Lynn's "Portland, Oregon."

In concert with an MXR Micro-Amp and custom Electro-Harmonix Big Muff Distortion/Sustainer, White can produce a very distinctive sound. In 2005, for the single "Blue Orchid", White employed the use of a new Electro-Harmonix creation, the Polyphonic Octave Generator (POG). Similar to (but more versatile than) the Whammy IV, the POG lets the user mix in several octave effects into one along with the dry signal. He also has three Zvex Tremolo Probes, that are hand painted black. All of the pedals that he uses live have been professionally painted red to match his red/black/white color scheme (with the exception of his Whammy and the other pedals that are already red). He plugs this setup into a 1970s Fender Twin Reverb and two 100-Watt Sears Silvertone 6x10 combo amplifiers.[36] With the Raconteurs, he has many more unusual pedals. And also, for the Raconteurs' 2008 tour, he had all of his pedals copper plated by Analogman.

White also produces a "fake" bass tone by playing the Kay Hollowbody and JB Hutto Montgomery Airline guitars through a Whammy IV set to one octave down for a very thick, low, rumbling sound, which he uses most notably on the songs "Seven Nation Army" and "The Hardest Button to Button" during live performances.[34][37]

On occasion, White also plays other instruments, such as a Black Gibson F-4 mandolin ("Little Ghost"), piano (on most tracks from Get Behind Me Satan, and various others), an electric piano on such tracks as "The Air Near My Fingers" and "I'm Finding it Harder to be a Gentleman", and finally the Moog Little Phatty on tracks like Icky Thump. White also plays percussion instruments such as the marimba (as on "The Nurse"), drums and tambourine. On Broken Boy Soldiers, he is credited as playing the album's synths and organ; however, bandmate Brendan Benson also received credit for these instruments and it is unclear who played on which song.

White plays power chords with a different technique than most musicians. Instead of using his ring finger to fret the higher notes, Jack uses his little finger. This is because of a car accident in which his left index finger was injured and also the fact that his brothers would never teach him the proper way to do so, which he explains in an appearance with the Raconteurs on the show In the Attic.

Personal life

Drummer Meg White is Jack White's ex-wife.[38]

White gives few interviews and reveals few details of his private life. He states that he does not consider it relevant to his art, saying "It's the same thing as asking Michelangelo, 'What kind of shoes do you wear?'...In the end, it doesn't really matter ... the only thing that's going to be left is our records and photos."[39]

A topic of intrigue has been the actual relationship between Jack and Meg White. In early interviews, the pair presented themselves as siblings, two of ten. The Flaming Lips touch on this in their song "Thank You Jack White (for the Fiber-Optic Jesus That You Gave Me)" released on their 2003 EP Fight Test.[40] However, the Detroit Free Press produced copies of both a marriage license and divorce certificate, confirming Jack and Meg's history as a married couple.[41] Neither addresses the truth officially and over time, they have become less verbal about the origins of their relationship. Jack White has said, though, that siblings are "mated for life", and thus such relationships distract less from the music.[6]

In the early 1990s, Meg White worked as a bartender at Memphis Smoke, a bar in downtown Royal Oak (a Detroit suburb), where she first met musician/songwriter John Anthony "Jack" Gillis. They were married on September 21, 1996[38] and were divorced on March 24, 2000.[42] In his characteristically unorthodox fashion, Gillis took her last name.[43]

White is often called eccentric.[44][45][46] For instance, he has an obsession with the number three.[47] On November 7, 2005, it was widely reported that White had changed his name to "Three Quid" (quid is British slang for pound sterling). However, most reports indicated that this would only last until the end of the tour.[48] [49] [50]

On December 13, 2003, White was involved in an altercation with Jason Stollsteimer (lead singer of The Von Bondies) at the Magic Stick, a Detroit club. White was charged with misdemeanor aggravated assault. He pleaded guilty to the lesser charge of assault and battery, and was fined $750 (including court costs), and was sentenced to take anger management classes.[51]

In 2003, White made his acting debut in Mutant Swinger from Mars, and had a brief but highly publicized romantic relationship with actress Renée Zellweger, whom he met during the filming of Cold Mountain. That summer, the couple were in a car accident in which White broke his left index finger and was forced to reschedule much of the summer tour.[52] He posted the footage of his finger surgery on the web for fans.[53] White and Zellweger's breakup became public in December 2004.[54]

White met British model Karen Elson (twin sister of Kate Elson) when she appeared in The White Stripes music video for "Blue Orchid". The video's director, Floria Sigismondi, noted "you sensed an energy between them".[55] They married on June 1, 2005 in Manaus, Brazil. The wedding took place in a canoe on the Amazon River and was officiated by a shaman. A Roman Catholic priest later blessed the ceremony. Manager Ian Montone was the best man and Meg White was the maid of honor. Official wedding announcements stated that "it was the first marriage" for both.[56] On May 2, 2006, the couple had a daughter, Scarlett Teresa White.[57] Their second child, Henry Lee White, was born on August 7, 2007.[58] In the announcement, White's publicist confirmed that the children's last name was White, not Gillis. The surname caused a minor stir among fans and in the media; considering the origin of the White name is Jack's first wife/ex-wife[59][60] The White family all reside in Nashville, Tennessee.[61] where Elson manages a vintage clothes store Venus & Mars.[62][63]

In 2006, it was revealed in the Sunday Times Rich List that White and his British wife Elson had a joint fortune of at least £20 million (US$37 million). This ranked them at seventh place in the list of entertainers under age 30 who were born or live in the United Kingdom, ahead of the likes of Orlando Bloom and Kate Winslet.[64]a[›]

The White Stripes dress only in red, white, and black.

Solo discography

As musician

  • Cold Mountain (2003)
    • "Wayfaring Stranger"
    • "Sittin' on Top of the World" (Walter Vinson; Lonnie Chatmon)
    • "Never Far Away"
    • "Christmas Time Will Soon Be Over"
    • "Great High Mountain"
  • "Here Comes the Fuzz" (2003) – with Freeway, Nikka Costa and Mark Ronson  – from the album Here Comes the Fuzz by Mark Ronson
  • Van Lear Rose (2004) – Loretta Lynn
    • "Little Red Shoes" (also wrote)
  • "Go It Alone" (2005) – from the Beck album Guero
  • "Another Way to Die" (2008) – with Alicia Keys
  • "Loving Cup" (2008) – with The Rolling Stones on Shine a Light movie and album
  • "My House of Peace" (2009) – Rachelle Garniez
  • "The Wind Did Move/Last Kind Words" (2009) – with Dexter Romweber Duo
  • "Bohemian Grove/Atheist Funeral" (2009) – Dan Sartain
  • "Fly Farm Blues" (2009) – Solo
  • "Gastown/River Song" (2009) – Smoke Fairies
  • "I Believe in Elvis Presley" (2009) – BP Fallon

As producer

Filmography

Further reading

Notes

^ a: This should not be taken as evidence that Jack White lives in the UK, since their qualification comes from the fact that Karen Elson was born there;[66] as of 2007 they reside in Tennessee.

References

  1. ^ CD liner notes: Grammy Nominees 2008
  2. ^ 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time
  3. ^ http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1457268/20020830/white_stripes.jhtml Retrieved 28-05-2009
  4. ^ "Jack White's new band: The Dead Weather". idiomag. July 21, 2009. http://www.idiomag.com/peek/92843/the_dead_weather. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  5. ^ "Roots, childhood fantasies spark cross-Canada White Stripes tour". CBC.ca (May 2, 2007). retrieved on January 17, 2009.
  6. ^ a b c Fricke, David (September 8, 2005), "White on White". Rolling Stone. (982): 66–72
  7. ^ a b Sullivan, Denise (2004). The White Stripes: Sweethearts of the Blues. Google Print Retrieved on June 1, 2006
  8. ^ Scaggs, Austin (May 1, 2003), "asp&site=ehost-live Jack White". Rolling Stone. (921):16
  9. ^ It Might Get Loud Sony Picture Classics, 2009
  10. ^ Staff writer (2006). "The White Stripes Biography" NotableBiographies.com Retrieved on June 8, 2006
  11. ^ Wallace, Mike (2005). "Choosing Music Over Religion". CBS News Retrieved on January 24, 2006
  12. ^ White, Jack. Interview in It Might Get Loud, Sony Pictures Classics, 2008.
  13. ^ de la Manzana, Tobias (2003). "Jack White: Your Furniture is not Dead" The Believer Retrieved on April 12, 2006
  14. ^ Handyside, Chris. "The White Stripes: Biography". AllMusic.com. http://allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:hbfwxqljldae~T1. Retrieved May 23, 2008. 
  15. ^ "Motor City Is Burning". trakMARX.com. Archived from the original on November 22, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20061122064800/http://www.trakmarx.com/2002_02/italy_records.htm. Retrieved August 26, 2008. 
  16. ^ "White Stripes – De Stijl". MusicStack.com. Archived from the original on November 20, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071120090931/http://www.musicstack.com/album/white+stripes/de+stijl. Retrieved August 26, 2008. 
  17. ^ "BPI". British Phonographic Industry. http://www.bpi.co.uk/index.asp?Page=stats/content_file_118.shtml. Retrieved January 17, 2008. 
  18. ^ RIAA Recording Industry Association of America.
  19. ^ Fricke, David (March 25, 2003). "Elephant: White Stripes – Review". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/reviews/album/271218/review/5940476/elephant. Retrieved August 30, 2008. 
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  21. ^ Phares, Heather. "Elephant – Review". Allmusic. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:jzfoxq9aldje. Retrieved August 30, 2008. 
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  24. ^ "Meg White Surprises With Raconteurs In Detroit"Billboard.com. Retrieved on June 9, 2008.
  25. ^ http://www.delawareonline.com/blogs/2009/02/i-just-dont-know-what-to-do-with-myself.html
  26. ^ http://www.whitestripes.net/index.php
  27. ^ http://network.nationalpost.com/np/blogs/theampersand/archive/2009/06/15/jack-white-discusses-the-dead-weather.aspx
  28. ^ "And on that note, the White Stripes tour is over". CBC News. July 17, 2007. http://www.cbc.ca/arts/story/2007/07/17/white-stripes.html. Retrieved December 13, 2007. 
  29. ^ Laurence, Alexander (2003). "Electric Six Interview" Free Williamsburg Retrieved on May 17, 2006
  30. ^ Collective editor (2002). "Detroit funk-rock to set the disco on fire" BBC. co. uk Retrieved on May 17, 2006
  31. ^ Sisario, Ben (February 6, 2008), "Metallica And Pearl Jam and Kanye West and". New York Times. :2
  32. ^ [1] NME Retrieved on August 6, 2009
  33. ^ Fly Farm Blues Songfacts
  34. ^ a b Ratliff, Ben (2003). "ROCK REVIEW: Contradictory and Proud of It"The New York Times Retrieved on May 2, 2006
  35. ^ Scaggs, Austin (January 22, 2004), "Fan Gives Jack White the Ax". Rolling Stone (940):20
  36. ^ "White Stripes Equipment/Technique" Broken Bricks Retrieved on May 2, 2006
  37. ^ Seven Nation Army tablature and notes. Broken Bricks Retrieved on May 2, 2006
  38. ^ a b "White Stripes Marriage License" Glorious Noise Retrieved December 11, 2007
  39. ^ Brian "The Unofficial White Stripes FAQ Version 6". WhiteStripes.net Retrieved on April 12, 2006
  40. ^ Hochman, Steve (March 16, 2003). "Pop Music; Pop Eye; Dave Matthews remix is reloaded for 'Matrix'" volume unknown: E.55
  41. ^ Glorious Noise staff (2003). "White Stripes [sic] Divorce Certificate". Glorious Noise Retrieved on April 12, 2006
  42. ^ "White Stripes Divorce Certificate" Glorious Noise Retrieved December 11, 2007
  43. ^ Smytek, John (2006). "Do they make striped Pampers?" The Detroit Free Press (accessed May 4, 2006)
  44. ^ Grossberg, Josh (August 7, 2007). "Jack White's Little Stripe" EOnline.com. Retrieved November 2, 2007.
  45. ^ Sullivan, James (October 12, 2004)"#6: Rock's Wildest Myths — White Striped Siblings" RollingStone.com. Retrieved November 2, 2007
  46. ^ Brown, David (June 5, 2005). "Get Behind Me Satan (2005)" EW.com. Retrieved November 2, 2007
  47. ^ Frampton, Scott (July 2007), asp&site=ehost-live "Jack & Meg White". Esquire. 148 (1): p118-119
  48. ^ Jenkin, Eve (2005). "Jack White Changes Name Whilst Band Releases New EP" Undercover. com Retrieved on November 7, 2005
  49. ^ (2005). "Jack White changes his name" NME. com Retrieved on November 7, 2005
  50. ^ The Chad (2005). "My Name Is...Three Quid" MTV Retrieved on November 7, 2005
  51. ^ No byline (March 11, 2004), "VON BONDIES SPEAK OUT OVER JACK WHITE COURT CASE" NME.com Retrieved November 28, 2007
  52. ^ Devenish, Colin; Swanson, David; Tsang, Teri. (August 7, 2003), "IN THE NEWS". Rolling Stone (928):22
  53. ^ Miller, Kirk (September 4, 2003). "White Under the Knife". Rolling Stone (930):48
  54. ^ White-Out for Renee – MSN Movies News
  55. ^ Surreal Thing: A Peek Inside The Ethereal World of Floria Sigismondi
  56. ^ WhiteStripes.com staff (2005). "06.02.05" TheWhiteStripes.com Retrieved on June 1, 2006
  57. ^ Huhn, Mary (2006). "Time to Get Saved by Song" The New York Post Retrieved on May 5, 2006
  58. ^ AP (August 8, 2007). "White Stripes' couple welcome baby boy" CNN.com. Retrieved September 11, 2007.
  59. ^ AP (August 8, 2007). "Jack White and Karen Elson welcome second child" Celebrity-babies.com. Retrieved September 11, 2007
  60. ^ People correspondent (August 8, 2007). "http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20050539,00.html" People.com Retrieved September 11, 2007
  61. ^ Flippo, Chet. CMT: News: NASHVILLE SKYLINE: When Country Goes Pop, April 6, 2006, last accessed November 7, 2008.
  62. ^ "Karen Elson's Otherworldly Boutique Opens In Nashville, " Black Book magazine (2008)
  63. ^ Venus & Mars – The Showroom
  64. ^ NME staff writer (2006). "Coldplay make the rich list" NME.com Retrieved on April 30, 2006
  65. ^ a b Hay, Carla (April 27, 2002). "White Stripes' Garage Rock Goes Pop". Billboard. 114 (17):80
  66. ^ Armstrong, Lisa (2006). "Manchester's greatest export" Times Online Retrieved on May 31, 2007

External links


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