Jackie Joyner-Kersee: Wikis

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Medal record
Center
Jackie Joyner-Kersee
Women's Athletics
Competitor for the  United States
Olympic Games
Gold 1988 Seoul Heptathlon
Gold 1988 Seoul Long jump
Gold 1992 Barcelona Heptathlon
Silver 1984 Los Angeles Heptathlon
Bronze 1992 Barcelona Long jump
Bronze 1996 Atlanta Long jump
World Championships
Gold 1987 Rome Long jump
Gold 1987 Rome Heptathlon
Gold 1991 Tokyo Long jump
Gold 1993 Stuttgart Heptathlon
Pan American Games
Gold 1987 Indianapolis Long jump

Jacqueline "Jackie" Joyner-Kersee (born March 3, 1962) is a retired American athlete, ranked among the all-time greatest athletes in the women's heptathlon as well as in the women's long jump. She won three gold, one silver, and two bronze Olympic medals, in those two different events. Sports Illustrated for Women magazine voted Joyner-Kersee the Greatest Female Athlete of the 20th century, just ahead of Babe Didrikson Zaharias.

Contents

Early life

Jacqueline Joyner was born March 3, 1962, in East St. Louis, Illinois. She was named after Jackie Kennedy. She was inspired to compete in multi-disciplinary track & field events after seeing a 1975 made-for-TV movie about Babe Didrikson Zaharias. Interestingly, the trackster, basketball player, and pro golfer Didrikson was chosen the "Greatest Female Athlete of the First Half of the 20th Century. Fifty years later, "Sports Illustrated for Women" magazine voted Joyner-Kersee the greatest female athlete of "all time".

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UCLA

Joyner-Kersee attended college at the University of California at Los Angeles, where she starred in both track & field and in women's basketball from 1980-1985. In basketball, she played forward, and she scored less than 20 points during her collegiate career. She was honored on the 21'st of February, 1998 as one of the 15 greatest players in UCLA women's basketball. [1]

In April 2001, Joyner-Kersee was voted the "Top Woman Collegiate Athlete of the Past 25 Years." The vote was conducted among the 976 NCAA member schools.[2]

Competition

1984 Summer Olympics

Joyner-Kersee competed in the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles and won the silver medal in the heptathlon.

1986 Goodwill Games

Joyner-Kersee was the first woman to score over 7,000 points in a heptathlon event (during the 1986 Goodwill Games). In 1986, she received the James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States.

1988 Summer Olympics

In the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, Korea, Joyner-Kersee earned gold medals in both the heptathlon and the long jump. At the 1988 Games in Seoul, she set the still-standing heptathlon world record of 7,291 points. The silver and bronze medalists were Sabine John and Anke Vater-Behmer, both of whom were representing East Germany. Five days later, Joyner won her second gold medal, leaping to an Olympic record of 7.40 m (24 ft 3+14 in) in the long jump.

1991 World Championships Tokyo

She was the red hot favorite to retain both her World titles earned four years earlier in Rome. However her challenge was dramatically halted when, having won the long jump easily with a 7.32 m (24 ft +14 in) jump no one would beat, she slipped on the take off board and careened head first into the pit, luckily avoiding serious injury. She did, however, strain a hamstring, which led to her having to pull out of the heptathlon during the 200 m at the end of the first day.

1992 Summer Olympics

In the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain, Joyner-Kersee earned her 2nd Olympic gold medal in the heptathlon. She also won the bronze medal in the long jump which was won by her friend Heike Drechsler of Germany.

1996 Summer Olympics

At the Olympic Trials, Joyner-Kersee sustained an injury to her right hamstring. When the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia began, Joyner-Kersee was not fully recovered by the time the heptathlon started. After running the first event, the 100 m hurdles, the pain was unbearable and she withdrew. She was able to recover well enough to compete in the long jump and qualify for the final, but was in sixth place in the final with one jump remaining. Her final jump of 7.00 m (22 ft 11+12 in) was long enough for her to win the bronze medal. The Atlanta Olympics would be the last Olympics of Joyner-Kersee's long competitive career.

Professional Basketball Career

In 1996 she signed on to play pro basketball for the Richmond Rage of the fledgling American Basketball League. Although she was very popular with the fans, she was less successful on the court. She appeared in only 17 games, and scored no more than four points in any game.

1998 Goodwill Games

Returning to track, Joyner-Kersee won the heptathlon again at the 1998 Goodwill Games, scoring 6,502 points.

2000 Olympic Trials

Joyner-Kersee made her final bow in track & field competition in 2000. She was sixth in the long jump (21-10.75) at the Olympic Trials, closing one of the greatest careers in U.S. track & field history.

Awards and honors

  • 2010 NCAA Silver Anniversary Awards honoree.

Current world records

As of August 2008, Joyner-Kersee holds the world record in heptathlon along with six all time best results and her long jump record of 7.49 m is second on the long jump all time list. In addition to heptathlon and long jump, she was a world class athlete in 100 m hurdles and 200 meters being as of June 2006 in top 60 all time in those events.

Sports Illustrated voted her the greatest female athlete of the 20th century.

Joyner-Kersee consistently has maintained that she has competed throughout her career without performance-enhancing drugs.[3][4]

Personal life

Jackie's brother is the Olympic champion triple jumper Al Joyner, who was married to another Olympic track champion, the late Florence Griffith-Joyner. Jackie married her track coach, Bob Kersee, in 1986.

In 1988, Joyner-Kersee established the Jackie Joyner-Kersee Foundation, which provides youth, adults, and families with the resources to improve their quality of life with special attention directed to East St. Louis, Illinois. In 2007, Jackie Joyner-Kersee along with Andre Agassi, Muhammad Ali, Lance Armstrong, Warrick Dunn, Mia Hamm, Jeff Gordon, Tony Hawk, Andrea Jaeger, Mario Lemieux, Alonzo Mourning, and Cal Ripken, Jr. founded the "Athletes for Hope", a charitable organization, which helps professional athletes get involved in charitable causes and inspires millions of non-athletes to volunteer and support the community.[5]

References

  1. ^ UCLA Women's Basketball 2006-2007 Media guide - Copy available at UCLABRUINS.COM
  2. ^ Jackie Joyner-Kersee Is Named The 'Top Woman Collegiate Athlete Of The Past 25 Years April 25, 2001. UCLA Bruins official Athletic site
  3. ^ Kersee, Jackie Joyner By LaTasha Chaffin Graduate Student, Grand Valley State University.
  4. ^ Joyner-Kersee, Jackie, and Sonja Steptoe. A Kind of Grace . New York: Warner Brothers Books, 1997. ISBN 0-4465-2248-1.
  5. ^ Athletes for Hope

External links

Records
Preceded by
East Germany Heike Drechsler
Women's Long Jump World Record Holder
equalled the 7.45 mark by Heike Drechsler

August 13, 1987 — June 11, 1988
Succeeded by
Soviet Union Galina Chistyakova
Preceded by
East Germany Sabine John
Women's Heptathlon World Record Holder
July 7, 1986 –
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
East Germany Marita Koch
Women's Track & Field Athlete of the Year
1986 – 1987
Succeeded by
United States Florence Griffith-Joyner
Preceded by
United States Martina Navratilova
Flo Hyman Memorial Award
1988
Succeeded by
United States Evelyn Ashford
Preceded by
People's Republic of China Wang Junxia
Women's Track & Field Athlete of the Year
1994
Succeeded by
Republic of Ireland Sonia O'Sullivan
Sporting positions
Preceded by
East Germany Sabine John
Women's Heptathlon Best Year Performance
1984 — 1988
Succeeded by
Soviet Union Larisa Nikitina
Preceded by
Soviet Union Larisa Nikitina
Women's Heptathlon Best Year Performance
1990 — 1993
Succeeded by
Germany Heike Drechsler
Preceded by
East Germany Heike Drechsler
Women's Long Jump Best Year Performance
1987
Succeeded by
Soviet Union Galina Chistyakova
Preceded by
Germany Heike Drechsler
Women's Long Jump Best Year Performance
1994
Succeeded by
Germany Heike Drechsler
Preceded by
Germany Heike Drechsler
Women's Long Jump Best Year Performance
1996
Succeeded by
Russia Lyudmila Galkina

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