Jackson County, Florida: Wikis

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Jackson County, Florida
Seal of Jackson County, Florida
Map of Florida highlighting Jackson County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the U.S. highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Seat Marianna
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

955 sq mi (2,473 km²)

39 sq mi (101 km²), 4.08%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

46,755
52/sq mi (20/km²)
Founded 12 August 1822
Website www.jacksoncountyfl.com

Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. The population as of the 2000 census was 46,755. As of 2005, the population was 48,985 [1]. Its county seat is Marianna, Florida[1].

Contents

History

Jackson County was created by the Florida Territorial Council in 1822 out of Escambia County, along with Duval County out of St. Johns County, making them the third and fourth counties in the Territory. The county was named for Andrew Jackson, who had served as Florida's first military governor for six months in 1821. Jackson County originally extended from the Choctawhatchee River on the west to the Suwannee River on the east. The county had been reduced close to its present boundaries by 1840 through the creation of new counties from its original territory. Minor adjustments to the county boundaries continued through most of the 19th century, however.[2][3][4]

There were no towns in Jackson County when it was formed. The first county court met at what was called "Robinson's Big Spring" (later called Blue Springs) in 1822 and then at the "Big Spring of the Choctawhatchee" in 1823. The following year the county court met at "Chipola Settlement" which is also known as Waddell's Mill Pond.

Marianna became the county seat, but not without controversy. It was founded by Robert Beveridge, a native of Scotland, in September 1827. The first town established in Jackson County was Webbville in January 1827. Webbville, a community of land squatters, was located nine miles northwest of present day Marianna and was designated as the county seat. Webbville thrived until 1828 when Beveridge and other Marianna settlers went to Tallahassee and enticed the Florida Legislature with free land, construction of a courthouse, a public square and $500 to purchase a quarter section of land to be sold at public auction as a way to finance the new government, if the county seat was moved to Marianna.

Beveridge and his supporters succeeded and Marianna became the county seat of the county justice and civil authority, even though it was never officially proclaimed the county seat. Marianna began to grow and prosper when the county government moved into the new courthouse in 1829. Webbville's prominent citizens moved to Marianna and the L&N Railroad decided to bypass the town. Webbville does not exist today.

From 1869-71, Jackson County was the center of a low-level guerrilla war known as the Jackson County War. Members of the Ku Klux Klan consisting of Confederate Army veterans assassinated over 150 Republican Party officials and prominent African-Americans as part of a successful campaign to retain conservative white Democratic power.[5]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 955 square miles (2,472 km²), of which, 916 square miles (2,372 km²) of it is land and 39 square miles .(101 km²) of it (4.08%) is water. Jackson County is the only county in Florida that borders both Georgia and Alabama. Jackson County is in the Central Standard Time Zone. Its eastern border with Gadsden County forms the boundary in this area between the Central Standard and Eastern Standard Time Zones.

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Adjacent Counties

Demographics

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 46,755 people, 16,620 households, and 11,600 families residing in the county. The population density was 51 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 19,490 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.18% White, 26.56% Black or African American, 0.67% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.81% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. 2.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 16,620 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.50% were married couples living together, 14.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.20% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 110.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,744, and the median income for a family was $36,404. Males had a median income of $27,138 versus $21,180 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,905. About 12.80% of families and 17.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.70% of those under age 18 and 21.00% of those age 65 or over.

Municipalities

Incorporated

  1. Town of Alford
  2. Town of Bascom
  3. Town of Campbellton
  4. Town of Cottondale
  5. City of Graceville
  6. Town of Grand Ridge
  7. Town of Greenwood
  8. City of Jacob City
  9. Town of Malone
  10. City of Marianna
  11. Town of Sneads

Politics

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic Other
2008 63.5% 35.5% 1.0%
2004 61.2% 38.1% 0.7%
2000 56.1% 42.1% 1.8%

Government and infrastructure

The Florida Department of Corrections operates Region I - Correctional Facility Office in an unincorporated area in Jackson County.[7]

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ Jackson County Information - accessed February 10, 2008
  3. ^ Encyclopedia Americana - Jackson, Andrew - accessed February 10, 2008
  4. ^ Fernald, Edward A. (1981) Atlas of Florida. The Florida State University Foundation, Inc. ISBN 0-9606708-0-7
  5. ^ Weitz, Seth. "Defending the Old South: The Myth of the Lost Cause and Political Immorality in Florida, 1885-1968." In The Historian, Vol. 71, No. 1 (Spring 2009), pg. 83.
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  7. ^ "Region I - Correctional Facility Office." Florida Department of Corrections. Retrieved on January 8, 2010.

External links

Government links/Constitutional offices

Special districts

Judicial branch

Tourism links

Coordinates: 30°48′N 85°13′W / 30.80°N 85.21°W / 30.80; -85.21


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Jackson County, Florida
Seal of Jackson County, Florida
Map
File:Map of Florida highlighting Jackson County.png
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the USA highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 12 August 1822
Seat Marianna
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 4.08%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

46755
Website: www.jacksoncountyfl.com

Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. The population as of the 2000 census was 46,755. As of 2005, the population was 48,985 [1]. Its county seat is Marianna6.

Contents

History

Jackson County was created in 1822. It was named for Andrew Jackson, general in the War of 1812, first territorial governor of Florida, and seventh President of the United States of America, who served from 1829 to 1837. When Jackson County was created on the same day as Duval County, it spread over a massive area, from the Choctawhatchee River on the west to the Suwannee River on the east.

Jackson County gained some international notoriety in 1981, when it challenged George Orwell's anticommunist novel Nineteen Eighty-Four, for containing procommunist and explicitly sexual material. [1], [2]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,472 km² (955 sq mi). 2,372 km² (916 sq mi) of it is land and 101 km² (39 sq mi) of it (4.08%) is water.

Adjacent Counties

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 46,755 people, 16,620 households, and 11,600 families residing in the county. The population density was 20/km² (51/sq mi). There were 19,490 housing units at an average density of 8/km² (21/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 70.18% White, 26.56% Black or African American, 0.67% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.81% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. 2.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 16,620 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.50% were married couples living together, 14.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.20% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 110.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,744, and the median income for a family was $36,404. Males had a median income of $27,138 versus $21,180 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,905. About 12.80% of families and 17.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.70% of those under age 18 and 21.00% of those age 65 or over.

Municipalities

Incorporated

  1. Town of Alford
  2. Town of Bascom
  3. Town of Campbellton
  4. City of Cottondale
  5. City of Graceville
  6. Town of Grand Ridge
  7. Town of Greenwood
  8. City of Jacob City
  9. Town of Malone
  10. City of Marianna
  11. Town of Sneads

References

  1. ^ Banned Books at the Worlsandi.com Accessed January 2007
  2. ^ List of previously banned books at The Florida Institute of Technology, Evans Library. Accessed January 2007

External links

Government links/Constitutional offices

Special districts

Judicial branch

Tourism links

Coordinates: 30°48′N 85°13′W / 30.80, -85.21

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Jackson County, Florida. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Jackson County, FloridaRDF feed
County names Jackson County, Florida  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Florida  +
Short name Jackson County  +

This article uses material from the "Jackson County, Florida" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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