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Jackson, Wyoming
—  Town  —
A stagecoach passes one of Jackson's elk antler arches
Location of Jackson, Wyoming
Coordinates: 43°28′31″N 110°46′9″W / 43.47528°N 110.76917°W / 43.47528; -110.76917Coordinates: 43°28′31″N 110°46′9″W / 43.47528°N 110.76917°W / 43.47528; -110.76917
Country United States
State Wyoming
County Teton
Area
 - Total 2.8 sq mi (7.4 km2)
 - Land 2.8 sq mi (7.4 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 6,237 ft (1,901 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 8,647
 Density 3,037.2/sq mi (1,172.7/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 - Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 83001, 83002, 83025
Area code(s) 307
FIPS code 56-40120[1]
GNIS feature ID 1604404[2]
Website www.ci.jackson.wy.us

Jackson is a town located in the Jackson Hole valley of Teton County, Wyoming, United States. The population was 8,647 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Teton County.[3]

Jackson is the principal town of the Jackson, WY-ID Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Teton County in Wyoming and Teton County in Idaho.

Contents

Overview

Jackson is a major gateway for millions of tourists visiting nearby Grand Teton National Park, Yellowstone National Park, and the National Elk Refuge. Jackson is also in close proximity to several ski resorts. Directly southeast of town, there is a small but challenging area known as Snow King, Jackson's original ski hill. It has steep vertical slopes and is night-lit. More famous is the Jackson Hole ski resort, 12 miles (19 km) northwest. Opened in 1966, it is has abundant steep terrain and has one of the highest vertical drops on the continent, at 4139 feet (1262 m). Grand Targhee, about an hour away to the northwest, opened in the early 1970s and is world-renowned for its high snowfall and "Heavenly powder". Located west of the Grand Tetons, it is accessed by traveling west over Teton Pass into Idaho, north to Driggs, then east (clockwise on the map).

Jackson is host to a number of world-class arts organizations, including the Congressionally-designated National Museum of Wildlife Art, the Grand Teton Music Festival, and the Center for the Arts. Tourist attractions include the world's largest ball of barbed wire, and large arches of shed elk antlers at the four entrances to the town square.

The main industries which provide employment are: Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation and food services (24.4%), Construction (14.0%), Retail trade (12.8%), Educational, health and social services (12.2%).

The town is often referred to as "Jackson Hole", the named geographic feature in which the town is located.

The town also plays host to the annual Jackson Hole Writers Conference founded by author Warren Adler. Jackson and the surrounding area has long been a favorite destination for celebrities, many of whom, like Harrison Ford, Gary Shaw[citation needed], former Vice President of the United States Dick Cheney, Tiger Woods[4], and Sandra Bullock, maintain part-time residences in and around the town of Jackson.

A strong local economy, primarily due to tourism, has allowed Jackson to develop a large shopping and eating district, centered around the town square. Within this district, all types of goods can be found with businesses embracing the strong western tradition of the region.

Geography

Entrance sign to Jackson, Wyoming

Jackson is located at 43°28′31″N 110°46′9″W / 43.47528°N 110.76917°W / 43.47528; -110.76917 (43.475403, -110.769186).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 7.4 square kilometers (2.9 sq mi), all land. Its altitude is 6,237 feet (1,901 m).[6]

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Climate

Climate data for Jackson, Wyoming
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °F (°C) 25
(-3.9)
31
(-0.6)
40
(4.4)
49
(9.4)
61
(16.1)
71
(21.7)
79
(26.1)
78
(25.6)
69
(20.6)
55
(12.8)
37
(2.8)
26
(-3.3)
Average low °F (°C) 1
(-17.2)
3
(-16.1)
12
(-11.1)
22
(-5.6)
31
(-0.6)
37
(2.8)
42
(5.6)
41
(5)
34
(1.1)
25
(-3.9)
14
(-10)
2
(-16.7)
Source: The Weather Channel[7] August 14, 2009

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 59
1910 264 347.5%
1920 307 16.3%
1930 533 73.6%
1940 1,046 96.2%
1950 1,244 18.9%
1960 1,437 15.5%
1970 2,688 87.1%
1980 4,511 67.8%
1990 4,472 −0.9%
2000 8,647 93.4%
Est. 2007 9,631 11.4%
source:[8][9][10]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 8,647 people, 3,631 households, and 1,670 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,037.2 people per square mile (1,171.4/km²). There were 3,861 housing units at an average density of 1,356.2/sq mi (523.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 89.37% White, 0.21% African American, 0.77% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 7.62% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.84% of the population.

There were 3,631 households out of which 23.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.4% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 54.0% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35, and the average family size was 2.97.

In the town the population was spread out with 18.4% under the age of 18, 13.9% from 18 to 24, 43.7% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 5.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 117.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 118.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $47,757, and the median income for a family was $53,915. Males had a median income of $31,152 versus $24,307 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,004. About 2.6% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.

Teton Theater

Education

Public education in the town of Jackson is provided by Teton County School District #1. Schools serving the town include Jackson Elementary School (grades K-2), Colter Elementary School (grades 3-5), Jackson Hole Middle School (grades 6-8), and Jackson Hole High School (grades 9-12).

Transportation

The town is served by Jackson Hole Airport. A public bus system ("The START bus", or Southern Teton Area Rapid Transit) services the entire valley as well as the adjacent Star Valley and Teton Valley, Idaho.

Government

Jackson is administered by a mayor and town council. The current mayor is Greyson Buckingham, and the members of the town council are Tobin Brown, Chase Lawton, Stelios Fourakis, Harrison Carter, and Weston Humman.[11]

See also

References

External links


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