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Jacksonville Beach, Florida
—  City  —
Images from top, left to right: beginning of the pier with condos, the Seawalk Pavilion, end of the pier, 1st Street, lifeguard station
Location in Duval County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 30°17′3″N 81°23′46″W / 30.28417°N 81.39611°W / 30.28417; -81.39611
Country  United States
State  Florida
County  Duval
 - Mayor Fland Sharp
 - Total 22 sq mi (56.9 km2)
 - Land 7.7 sq mi (19.9 km2)
 - Water 14.3 sq mi (37 km2)
Elevation 10 ft (3 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 20,992
 - Density 954.1/sq mi (368.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 32227, 32240, 32250
Area code(s) 904
FIPS code 12-35050[1]
GNIS feature ID 0284697[2]

Jacksonville Beach, also referred to locally as "Jax Beach", is a city to the east of Jacksonville, Florida. The current mayor is Fland Sharp.[3] When the majority of communities in Duval County consolidated with Jacksonville in 1968, Jacksonville Beach, along with Neptune Beach, Atlantic Beach, and Baldwin, Florida, remained quasi-independent. Like the other towns within Duval County that are not part of Jacksonville, it maintains its own municipal government but its residents vote in the Jacksonville mayoral and city council elections. The population was 20,990 at the 2000 census. As of 2005, the population estimate by the U.S. Census Bureau is 21,770,[4] giving the city a population density of 2,827/mi² (1,094/km²).

Although the French Huguenots led by Captain Jean Ribault laid claim to the First Coast in 1562, it was the Spanish who first settled the Jacksonville Beach area, establishing missions from Mayport to St. Augustine. The Spanish ceded East Florida to the English by treaty in 1763 only to regain control twenty years later. In 1821 the Spanish ceded Florida to the United States of America. The Jacksonville Beaches area has been inhabited since at least 1837 when Mayport was made a port, but it was not until 1883 that the Jacksonville and Atlantic Railroad established "Ruby Beach" in modern-day Jacksonville Beach. The settlement was renamed "Pablo Beach" three years later, and was incorporated as a town in 1907. The name was changed to "Jacksonville Beach" in 1925.

Jacksonville Beach is the largest town in the Jacksonville Beaches community. It is the eastern terminus of U.S. Route 90, which ends at an intersections with State Road A1A three blocks from the Atlantic Ocean.



Jacksonville Beach is located at 30°17′3″N 81°23′46″W / 30.28417°N 81.39611°W / 30.28417; -81.39611 (30.284091, -81.396074)[5].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 56.9 km² (22.0 mi²). 19.9 km² (7.7 mi²) of it is land and 37.0 km² (14.3 mi²) of it (65.03%) is water.

Jacksonville Beach has a humid subtropical climate.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 20,990 people, 9,715 households, and 5,207 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,055.2/km² (2,732.3/mi²). There were 10,775 housing units at an average density of 541.7/km² (1,402.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.94% White, 4.82% African American, 0.27% Native American, 1.63% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.99% of the population. There were 9,715 households out of which 21.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.4% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the city the population was spread out with 18.0% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 35.6% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 100.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,922, and the median income for a family was $58,388 (these figures had risen to $62,897 and $80,054 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[6]). Males had a median income of $36,385 versus $30,055 for females. The per capita income for the city was $27,467. About 4.2% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.


Jacksonville Beach is a separate municipality within the consolidated city of Jacksonville. As such, it has its own city manager, city council, and mayor, while but is subject to county-level governance by Jacksonville. In 2008, Fland Sharp was re-elected to a four year term as mayor.


  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ The official website Jacksonville Beach Florida
  4. ^
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  6. ^

External links



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