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Hubner Plate from Das kleine Schmetterlingsbuch

Jacob Hübner (June 20, 1761 - September 13, 1826, Augsburg) was a German entomologist.


Life and Importance

Hübner was the author of Sammlung Europäischer Schmetterlinge (1796-1805), a founding work of Entomology. He was one of the first specialists to work on the European Lepidoptera. He described very many new species, for example Sesia bembeciformis and Euchloe tagis, many of them common. He described many new genera and species.

He was a designer and engraver and from 1786 he worked for three years as a designer and engraver at a cotton factory in the Ukraine. There he collected butterflies including descriptions and illustrations of some in Beiträge zur Geschichte der Schmetterlinge (1786-1790) along with other new species from the countryside around his home in Augsberg.

Hübner's masterwork “Tentamen” was intended as a discussion document. Inadvertently published, it led to subsequent confusion in classification.Also his publications were issued in sections, some after his death, often without associated publication dates. Arthur Francis Hemming , Secretary of the International Commission of Zoologial Nomenclature, summarized all the citations of Hübner’s proposed taxonomic names, thereby constraining the possible dates of publication leading to the acceptance of Hübner's works as valid taxonomic publications.


  • Beiträge zur Geschichte der Schmetterlinge Augsberg (1786-1790)
  • Sammlung Europäischer Schmetterlinge, “Collection” European butterflies (1796-1805) (English)
  • Sammlung Exotischer Schmetterlinge, “Collection” exotic butterflies 2 vols. Augsburg (with Carl Geyer and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer) (1806-1834) (English)
  • Geschichte europaischer schmetterlinge, History of European butterflies (1806-1824) (English)
  • Tentamen determinsationis, digestionis atque demonationis singularum stirpium Lepidopterorum, peritis ad inspiciendum et dijudicandum communicatum - Preliminary examination - An attempt to fix, arrange and name the individual races of Lepidoptera to experts for examination and the expression of an opinion (1806) (English)
  • Jacob Hübner: Beiträge zur Geschichte der Schmetterlinge, 1786 und 1790
  • Jacob Hübner: Sammlung auserlesener Vögel und Schmetterlinge, mit ihren Namen herausgegeben auf hundert nach der Natur ausgemalten Kupfern, 1793
  • Jacob Hübner: Systematisch-alphabetisches Verzeichnis aller bisher bey den Fürbildungen zur Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge angegebenen Gattungsbenennungen, 1822


Francis Hemming. Hübner: A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner, and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer , Gottfried Franz von Frölich, and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer. London: Royal Entomological Society of London, 1937. 2 volumes.

External links


  • Von der Natur fasziniert ... Frühe Augsburger Naturforscher und ihre Bilder (Jacob Hübner, Gottlieb Tobias Wilhelm, Christian Friedrich Freyer, Johann Friedrich Leu, Jakob Friedrich Caflisch, Andreas Wiedemann), herausgegeben von Eberhard Pfeuffer, Augsburg: Wißner-Verlag, 2003, ISBN 978-3-89639-392-0


Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

(20.VI.1761 - 13.IX.1826)

German entomologist.


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