Jacob S. Rogers (died 1901) was the son of Thomas Rogers, the founder of Rogers, Ketchum & Grosvenor. When Thomas Rogers died in 1856, Jacob took over the business and reorganized it as Rogers Locomotive and Machine Works and served as the company's president. The company eventually became the second most popular steam locomotive manufacturer in North America.
Upon Jacob's death in 1901, he bequeathed the majority of his fortune to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. The museum continues to acquire art works in his name through the "Jacob S. Rogers Fund."