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Self-portrait of Jacob van Loo, ca. 1660.

Jacob van Loo (1614, Sluis—26 November 1670, Paris) was a Dutch painter and popularized around 1650 a close-focus concert on a loggia or terrace. So Van Loo became known for his conversation groupings with a subtle color palette, and according to Arnold Houbraken famous for his nudes. He was the founder of the Van Loo family of painters.

Van Loo was born in Zeeland in the Dutch Republic. His father might have been a notary, [1] but most time he is regarded as the son of a painter, Jan van Loo, who trained him. (As part of the city archives in Sluis have been destroyed during World War II it is impossible now to make out what is true).

His early influences include Thomas de Keyser and Jacob Adriaensz Backer. In 1642, Jacob moved to Amsterdam, where his contemporaries included Rembrandt, Frans Hals, and Bartholomeus van der Helst. In 1643 he married the sister of the painter Martinus Lengele and had six children.[2] They lived on Rozengracht, in the Jordaan and Eglon van der Neer became one of his pupils. In 1660, Van Loo fled the city after having fatally stabbed someone in his belly, during a fight in an inn. He was sentenced to death in absentia and was forever banned from the state of Holland.[3] Van Loo settled in Paris, where he was admitted to the Académie de peinture et de sculpture and where he died in 1670.

Van Loo's work was done in the Baroque style, which had begun in Rome and which was becoming a Europe-wide phenomenon in this period. He was a major influence on Johannes Vermeer, when painting Diana and Her Companions. He painted portraits of Johan Huydecoper van Maarssenveen, his wife, his sister Leonara Huydecoper, married to Jan J. Hinlopen and Joan Ortt, who was later involved with Antoinette Bourignon.

Jacob van Loo's son, Louis Abraham van Loo was also a painter, as were his grandsons, Jean-Baptiste van Loo and Charles-André van Loo.



  1. ^ Blankert, A. (1999) Hollands Classicisme in de zeventiende-eeuwse schilderkunst, p. 164.
  2. ^ Birth certificates of five children
  3. ^ Loo, Jacob van at the Netherlands Institute for Art History.

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