The Full Wiki

Jacqueline Audry: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Jacqueline Audry

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jacqueline Audry
Born September 25, 1908
Orange, Vaucluse, France
Died June 22, 1977 (aged 68)
Poissy, Yvelines, France
Occupation Film director
Years active 1946–1973

Jacqueline Audry (September 25, 1908 – June 22, 1977) was a French film director who started making films in post-World War II France and specialised in literary adaptations.[1] She was the first commercially successful woman director of post-war France.[2]

Contents

Biography

Audry was born in Orange, Vaucluse, France.[3] There were few opportunities for female directors under Nazi occupation.[4] Audry worked as an assistant to directors Jean Delannoy, G. W. Pabst and Max Ophuls and in 1943, directed a short film of her own, Le Feu de paille, with the help of the Centre Artistique et Technique des Jeunes du Cinéma (now La Femis).[4][5] The end of World War II and the liberation of France provided increased opportunities for women, but they still faced prejudice in the film industry.[4]

Audry's first feature film was Les Malheurs de Sophie in 1946. This was based on the popular novel of the same name by the Comtesse de Ségur.[4] No copies of this film, which was censored for its "politically inappropriate" riot scenes, exist.[4] Unable to raise funds for her next film, she had to wait three years before making Sombre dimanche.[4] In the 1940s and 1950s, she directed three films based on Colette novels; Gigi, Minne and Mitsou, all three with actress Danièle Delorme. Mitsou, which featured sex outside of marriage, was heavily censored.[5] In 1951, Audry directed Olivia, based on Dorothy Bussy's 1950 semi-autobiographical novel of the same name.[4] Set in an all-girls boarding school, Olivia depicts a lesbian love story between a schoolgirl and her headmistress.[6] At the time, the film was very controversial and was censored in the United States and the United Kingdom.[6] Edwige Feuillère was nominated for a BAFTA award for Best Foreign Actress for her part as Mlle. Julie, the headmistress.[7] The film has been called a "landmark of lesbian representation".[8] She frequently collaborated with her sister, the novelist and screenwriter Colette Audry.[9]

Audry's film style was traditional and at odds with the French New Wave.[5] Her films had a feminist slant however.[5] Many of them had central female characters and they often gave a radical view of gender roles and female sexuality.[2][5][10] Audry died at Poissy, Yvelines, France, in a road accident.[9]

Filmography

  • 1946: Les Malheurs de Sophie
  • 1948: Sombre dimanche (also known as Gloomy Sunday)
  • 1949: Gigi
  • 1950: Minne
  • 1951: Olivia (also known as The Pit of Loneliness)
  • 1954: No Exit
  • 1956: Mitsou
  • 1967: Bitter Fruit

References

  1. ^ Austin, Guy (1996). Contemporary French Cinema: An Introduction. Manchester University Press. pp. 81. ISBN 0719046114. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=-Bbxa3q3ZZAC.  
  2. ^ a b Tarr, Carrie (2001). Cinema and the Second Sex: Women's Filmmaking in France in the 1980s and. Continuum International Publishing Group. pp. 251. ISBN 0826447422. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=gABdCSelJSIC.  
  3. ^ "Jacqueline Audry" (in French). http://cinema.encyclopedie.personnalites.bifi.fr/index.php?pk=13524. Retrieved 2008-03-31.  
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Kedward, Harry Roderick; Nancy Wood (1995). The Liberation of France: Image and Event. Berg Publishers. pp. 105. ISBN 1859730876. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=-dpIT3UV0T4C.  
  5. ^ a b c d e Foster, Gwendolyn Audrey (1995). Women Film Directors: An International Bio-critical Dictionary. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 27. ISBN 0313289727. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=-kJHa7KqnQ4C.  
  6. ^ a b Darren, Alison (2000). Lesbian Film Guide. Continuum International Publishing Group. pp. 156. ISBN 030433376X. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=6ef_efGtpoYC.  
  7. ^ "Film Nominations 1952". British Academy of Film and Television Arts. http://www.bafta.org/awards/film/nominations/?year=1952. Retrieved 2008-04-06.  
  8. ^ Mayne, Judith (2000). Framed: Lesbians, Feminists, and Media Culture. University of Minnesota Press. pp. xix. ISBN 0816634564. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=emGeAcZPLeIC.  
  9. ^ a b Pallister, Janis L.; Ruth A. Hottell (2005). Francophone Women Film Directors: A Guide. Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press. pp. 76. ISBN 083864046X. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=P15tyiOSRz0C.  
  10. ^ Leahy, Sarah (2007). Casque d'or. I.B.Tauris. pp. 30. ISBN 1845113683. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=JfZoVMVZXGwC.  

External links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message