Jacques Delors: Wikis


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Jacques Delors

In office
1985 – 1995
Preceded by Gaston Thorn
Succeeded by Jacques Santer

Born 20 July 1925 (1925-07-20) (age 84)
Paris, France
Political party Parti Socialiste (PS)
Religion Roman Catholic

Jacques Lucien Jean Delors (born 20 July 1925 in Paris[1]) is a French economist and politician, the first person to have served two terms as President of the European Commission (between January 1985 and December 1994[1]).


French Politics

In the 1940s–1960s, Delors held a series of posts in French banking and state planning with the Banque de France.[1] As a member of the French Confederation of Christian Workers, he participated in its secularization and the foundation of the French Democratic Confederation of Labour. In 1969, he became an adviser to the Gaullist Prime Minister Jacques Chaban-Delmas.[1]

In 1974, Delors joined the French Socialist Party, with other left-wing Christians. He was one of the rare members of the party to be openly religious, thus challenging its long-standing secular tradition. He served in the European Parliament from 1979 to 1981.[1] Under President François Mitterrand, Delors served as Economics and Finance Minister from 1981–1983, and Economics, Finance, and Budget Minister from 1983–1984.[1] He advocated a pause in the social policies, a clear acceptance of the market economy, and an alignment with European social democracy. Mitterrand flirted many times with the idea of naming him Prime Minister, but never did.

Delors Commission

Delors in 1988

Delors became the President of the European Commission in January 1985. During his presidency, he oversaw important budgetary reforms and laid the groundwork for the introduction of a single market within the European Community, which came into effect on 1 January 1993. (see Delors Commission for details)

On 1 November 1990, Delors bore the brunt of British Euroscepticism when the tabloid the Sun wrote "Up Yours Delors" in response to his supposed attempts to force the Maastricht Treaty upon the UK.


Delors has a long-standing interest in education. Initiator of a French law in 1971 requiring firms to set aside part of their profits for educational opportunities for their employees, he also chaired a UNESCO Commission on Education for the Twenty-first Century from 1993 to 1996 whose final report was published as Learning: the Treasure Within.

In 1994, members of the French Socialist party attempted to persuade Delors to run for President of France. Polls showed that he would have a very good chance of defeating either of the main conservative contenders – Prime Minister Édouard Balladur and Mayor of Paris Jacques Chirac.[2] However Delors declined to run and the eventual Socialist nominee, Lionel Jospin, was defeated in the presidential election by Chirac.

Delors founded the Paris think tank Notre Europe in 1996 and remains one of its presidents. He is president of the Conseil de l'emploi, des revenus et de la cohésion sociale, and honorary member of both the Institut Aspen France and the Club of Rome.

Delors is the father of Socialist politician Martine Aubry.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g European Commission - Discover the former Presidents, http://ec.europa.eu/commission_barroso/president/history/delors/index_en.htm, retrieved 2009-09-21  
  2. ^ "Delors' Vow Not to Run Could Boost French Anti-Europe Forces", Washington Post, Dec 13, 1994  

External links


Delors, Jacques; Arnaud, Jean-Louis (2004), Mémoires, Plon, ISBN 9782259192927  

Preceded by
René Monory
French Minister of Finances
1981 - 1984
Succeeded by
Pierre Bérégovoy
Preceded by
Gaston Thorn
President of the European Commission
Succeeded by
Jacques Santer


Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Jacques Lucien Jean Delors (born July 20, 1925, in Paris, France) is a French economist and politician, the only person who served two terms as President of the European Commission from 1985-1995.


  • It is impossible to build Europe on only deregulation...1992 is much more than the creation of an internal market abolishing barriers to the free movement of goods services and investment...The internal market should be desgined to benefit each and every citizen of the Community. It is therefore necessary to improve workers' living and working conditions, and to provide better protection for their health and safety at work...Europe needs you.
  • My objective is that before the end of the millennium Europe should have a true federation. The Commission should become a political executive which can define essential common interests...responsible before the European Parliament and before the nation-states represented how you will, by the European Council or by a second chamber of national parliaments.
    • To French television. (23 January, 1990.)
  • The Americans should stop insulting us, I'm not going to be an accomplice to the depopulation of the land. It's not up to the Americans to tell us how to organise our farm policy and the balance of our society. Their attitude is to treat the EC as if it had the plague and then encourage the rest of the world to join in.
  • Federalism is a guideline, not a pornographic word, you can speak it out loud...We have been focusing too much on a country that has said no, no, no!
    • Speech in Maastricht. (8 December, 1991.)

External links

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