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Jacques Santer: Wikis

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Jacques Santer


In office
20 July 1984 – 5 January 1995
Preceded by Pierre Werner
Succeeded by Jean-Claude Juncker

In office
1995 – 15 March 1999
Preceded by Jacques Delors
Succeeded by Manuel Marín

Born 18 May 1937
Wasserbillig
Nationality Luxembourgian
Political party Christian Social People's Party
Religion Roman Catholic

Jacques Santer (born 18 May 1937) is a politician from Luxembourg.

He was finance minister of Luxembourg from 1979 until 1989, and Prime Minister of Luxembourg from 1984 to 1995, as a member of the Christian Social People's Party, which has been the leading party in the Luxembourg government since 1979. As Prime Minister of Luxembourg he also led the negotiations on the Single European Act, which effectively set aside the 20-year old Luxembourg Compromise.

The euro was introduced as common currency in most member states. (De Silguy and Santer displaying the €1 coin in 1998)

Santer became President of the European Commission in 1995 as a compromise choice between the United Kingdom and a Franco-German alliance, after the Franco-German nominee Jean-Luc Dehaene was vetoed by British prime minister John Major.[1] Santer selection was barely ratified by a European Parliament upset with the process for which Commission presidents are selected.[2]

In the same year, 1995, Santer became the first recipient of the Vision for Europe Award.

Allegations of corruption concerning individual EU-commissioners led to an investigation into administrative failings (incompetence and malpractice) by an independent group of experts. Despite clearing most commissioners, the report stated that they had not found a single person showing the slightest sense of responsibility. Because the implicated commissioners refused to resign and because the President of the European Commission did not have the power to dismiss individual commissioners, Santer and his entire commission resigned on March 15, 1999, the very day of the report's publication (see Santer Commission: Resignation).

From 1999 until 2004, Santer was a member of the European Parliament. He also was on General Mediterranean Holdings' board, a financial holding owned by Anglo-Iraqi Nadhmi Auchi.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Europe’s presidential race: the form", The Economist, Jun 11, 1998, http://www.economist.com/world/europe/displaystory.cfm?story_id=E1_TPQSST&source=login_payBarrier, retrieved 2009-09-16  
  2. ^ McCormick, John (2004), The European Union: Politics and Policies  
Political offices
Preceded by
Jacques Poos
Minister for Finances
19791989
Succeeded by
Jean-Claude Juncker
Preceded by
Pierre Werner
Prime Minister of Luxembourg
19841995
Succeeded by
Jean-Claude Juncker
Preceded by
Jacques Delors
President of the European Commission
19951999
Succeeded by
Manuel Marín
Party political offices
Preceded by
Nicolas Mosar
President of the CSV
19741982
Succeeded by
Jean Spautz
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